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060 - Power plants

060390010 - COMBUSTION PRODUCTS USED AS MOTIVE FLUID

Patent class list (only not empty are listed)

Deeper subclasses:

Class / Patent application numberDescriptionNumber of patent applications / Date published
060780000 Having fuel conversion (e.g., reforming, etc.) 99
060773000 Having power output control 99
060776000 Ignition or fuel injection after starting 89
060782000 Having bleed air to cool or heat motor or component thereof (e.g., active clearance control, etc.) 64
060783000 Combined with diverse nominal process 59
060778000 Having particular starting 55
060775000 Introducing water or steam 42
060779000 Having particular safety 34
060774000 Multiple expansion 9
Entries
DocumentTitleDate
20130025290INGESTION-TOLERANT LOW LEAKAGE LOW PRESSURE TURBINE - A turbine section of a gas turbine engine includes first and second rotor stages connected by an arm. The first rotor stage has a first set of blades connected to a first rotor disk at a first blade attachment. The second rotor stage has a second set of blades connected to a second rotor disk at a second blade attachment. A cover plate extends from a downstream side of the first blade attachment to an upstream side of the second blade attachment. The cover plate is spaced from the arm so as to define a flow path from the first blade attachment to the second blade attachment.01-31-2013
20130042624EXHAUST TEMPERATURE BASED MODE CONTROL METHOD FOR GAS TURBINE AND GAS TURBINE - Gas turbine, computer readable medium, and method for controlling an operating point of the gas turbine that includes a compressor, a combustor and a turbine is provided. The method includes determining a turbine pressure ratio, calculating a primary to lean-lean mode transfer threshold reference curve as a function of the turbine pressure ratio, determining at a first time when an exhaust temperature associated with the operating point is higher than an exhaust temperature of the primary to lean-lean mode transfer threshold reference curve for the same turbine pressure ratio, and changing, after a predetermined time after the first time, a split fuel quantity from a first value to a second value if the exhaust temperature associated with the operating point remains higher than the exhaust temperature of the primary to lean-lean mode transfer threshold reference curve.02-21-2013
20100018214Energy Production from Algae in Photo Bioreactors Enriched with Carbon Dioxide - A system and method for energy production. The system includes a kiln for burning limestone and dolomite into clinker, two photo bioreactors for growing algae and pipeworks for feeding co01-28-2010
20130074511METHOD OF OPERATING A GAS TURBINE AND GAS TURBINE - A gas turbine system comprises a gas turbine having a low pressure compression stage and a high pressure compression stage, a combustion chamber, and an expansion stage connected to the combustion chamber. The low pressure compression stage and the high pressure compression stage are connected with each other via an intercooling stage, wherein the low pressure compressed air stream from the low pressure compression stage is chilled to an intercooling temperature that is lower than the ambient temperature of the air source from which the air stream was supplied to the low pressure compression stage of the gas turbine.03-28-2013
20130025287DISTRIBUTED COOLING FOR GAS TURBINE ENGINE COMBUSTOR - A combustor component of a gas turbine engine includes a refractory metal core (RMC) microcircuit for self-regulating a cooling flow.01-31-2013
20130025291SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR PROTECTION OF HIGH TEMPERATURE MACHINERY COMPONENTS - A system comprises a plurality of components disposed to define a gas path. At least one component comprises a silicon-bearing substrate over which is disposed a coating, and the coating comprises a recession-resistant material exposed to the gas path. A silicon source is disposed in fluid communication with the gas path and is configured to be delivered to the gas path to maintain, in gas flowing in the gas path over the coating, a silicon mass concentration in the range from about 1.8×1001-31-2013
20130025289COMBUSTOR PORTION FOR A TURBOMACHINE AND METHOD OF OPERATING A TURBOMACHINE - A turbomachine combustor portion includes a combustion chamber. A center injection nozzle is arranged within the combustion chamber and includes a center nozzle inlet and a center nozzle outlet. An outer premixed injection nozzle is positioned radially outward of the center injection nozzle and includes an outer nozzle inlet and an outer nozzle outlet that is arranged upstream of the center nozzle outlet. A late lean injector is positioned downstream of the center nozzle and the outer premixed nozzle. The combustor portion includes a first combustion zone arranged downstream of the outer nozzle outlet, a second combustion zone arranged downstream of the center nozzle outlet, and a third combustion zone arranged further downstream of the center nozzle outlet. The center injection nozzle, outer premixed injection nozzle, and late lean injector are selectively operated to establish a combustion flame front in the first, second, and third combustion zones.01-31-2013
20130025288MICROCIRCUIT COOLING FOR GAS TURBINE ENGINE COMBUSTOR - A combustor component of a gas turbine engine includes a refractory metal core (RMC) microcircuit.01-31-2013
20130025286GAS TURBINE ENGINE WITH AFT CORE DRIVEN FAN SECTION - A gas turbine engine includes a low spool along an engine axis with a forward fan section and a low pressure turbine section. A high spool along the engine axis with a high pressure turbine section and an aft core driven fan section (CDFS), the aft core driven fan section (CDFS) axially aft of the high pressure turbine section along the engine axis.01-31-2013
20110192168METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR REDUCING POWER PLANT EMISSIONS - A method for operating a power plant to facilitate reducing emissions, wherein the power plant includes a gas turbine engine assembly and a carbon dioxide (CO08-11-2011
20100115959FUEL METERING PUMP CALIBRATION METHOD - A system and method for accurately supplying fuel flow to a gas turbine engine from a fuel metering pump regardless of variations in operating conditions of the fuel metering pump. The system determines an updated flow characteristic curve for an electrically powered positive displacement pump that is configured to supply fluid via a valve that is configured to open at a predetermined fluid inlet pressure. Electrical current is supplied to the pump to thereby cause the pump to supply the fluid to the valve. The electrical current supplied to the pump is monitored to determine when the valve opens, and one or more points on the updated flow characteristic curve are determined based on the determination of when the valve opens.05-13-2010
20100115960Gas Turbine Installation with Flue Gas Recirculation - A method and installation are disclosed which can, for example, provide for reliable, low-Nox-emission operation of a gas turbine installation with hydrogen-rich fuel gas. An exemplary gas turbine installation includes an arrangement for flue gas recirculation into a compressor inlet and for fuel gas dilution. Oxygen content in combustion air can be reduced by recirculation of recooled flue gas, and the fuel gas can be diluted with compressed flue gas. The oxygen reduction in the combustion air can lead to minimum residual oxygen in the flue gas which can be used for fuel gas dilution. As a result of the flue gas recirculation, water content in the combustion air can be increased by feedback of the water which results as a combustion product. The oxygen reduction, increased water content, and fuel dilution can reduce the flame velocity of hydrogen-rich fuel gases and enable a robust, reliable and low-emission combustion.05-13-2010
20130074508Fuel Heating in Combined Cycle Turbomachinery - Combined cycle efficiency can be improved by heating fuel in a gas turbine fuel line in two stages using (i) hot water from an HP economizer of a heat recovery steam generator (HRSG) in a second stage and (ii) hot water from an IP economizer of the HRSG and water output flow from the second stage in a first stage. Efficiency may be further improved by adding one or more fuel preheaters using hot water from the IP feedpump and sequential injections of hot water into the fuel.03-28-2013
20130074509TURBOMACHINE CONFIGURED TO BURN ASH-BEARING FUEL OILS AND METHOD OF BURNING ASH-BEARING FUEL OILS IN A TURBOMACHINE - According to one aspect of the exemplary embodiment, a turbomachine includes a compressor portion, a combustor fluidly connected to the compressor portion, and a turbine portion fluidly connected to the combustor portion and mechanically coupled to the compressor portion. The combustor portion is configured and disposed to burn ash-bearing fuel oils. The turbine portion includes a first stage having a first plurality of airfoils, and a second stage having a second plurality of airfoils. The first plurality of airfoils have a trailing edge discharge member. The second plurality of airfoils is clocked circumferentially relative to the first plurality of airfoils. The first plurality of airfoils are configured and disposed to direct an ash depleted flow upon corresponding adjacent ones of the second plurality of airfoils.03-28-2013
20130081401IMPINGEMENT COOLING OF COMBUSTOR LINERS - A gas turbine engine may include an impingement cooled double-walled liner, having an inner liner and an outer liner, disposed around a combustion space of the turbine engine. The double-walled liner may extend from an upstream end to a downstream end. The gas turbine engine may also include a plurality of nozzles extending radially inwards through the outer liner to direct cooling air towards the inner liner. Each nozzle of the plurality of nozzles may extend radially inwards from a first distal end to a second proximal end. The plurality of nozzles may be arranged such that a radial gap between the second end of a nozzle and the outer liner decreases from the upstream end to the downstream end. The at least one nozzle of the plurality of nozzles may include multiple air holes at the second end.04-04-2013
20130081402TURBOMACHINE HAVING A GAS FLOW AEROMECHANIC SYSTEM AND METHOD - A turbomachine including an improved backflow margin includes a combustor portion fluidly connected to a turbine portion. The turbine portion includes a gas path, a first stage having a first plurality of airfoil members arranged along the gas path, and a second stage having a second plurality of airfoil members arranged along the gas path downstream from the first stage. The first plurality of airfoil members are configured to intercept combustion gases from the combustor portion at a first momentum and create a wake zone having a second momentum that is lower than the first momentum. The turbomachine includes a gas flow aeromechanics system configured and disposed to improve gas flow aeromechanics along the gas path by circumferentially clocking the second plurality of airfoil members relative to the first plurality of airfoil members to intercept the wake zone at the second momentum.04-04-2013
20130081400COMBUSTOR WITH A PRE-NOZZLE MIXING CAP ASSEMBLY - The present application and the resulting patent provide a pre-nozzle mixing cap assembly positioned about a cap member of a combustor for mixing a flow of air and a flow of fuel. The pre-nozzle mixing cap assembly may include a fuel plenum in communication with the flow of fuel and a number of tubes in communication with the flow of air and extending through the fuel plenum. Each of the tubes may include a number of fuel holes therein such that the flow of fuel in the fuel plenum passes through the fuel holes and mixes with the flow of air.04-04-2013
20120174591Fuel Line System, Method for Operating of a Gas Turbine, and a Method for Purging the Fuel Line System of a Gas Turbine - A fuel line system for a gas turbine and a method for purging the same is provided. Parts of the line system may be purged using a comparatively low quantity of purging medium. To this end, a control valve is provided in each of the fuel line segments located immediately upstream of the fuel injection nozzles, the control characteristics of the control valve being adjustable by means of a fluid or gaseous control medium07-12-2012
20120174590SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING COMBUSTOR OPERATING CONDITIONS BASED ON FLAME DETECTION - A system is disclosed that includes a combustor having an end cover and at least one fuel nozzle assembly extending from an inner face of the end cover. A cartridge may extend through the end cover and into the fuel nozzle assembly. The cartridge may define an opening for receiving light emitted from within the combustor. Additionally, a fiber optic cable may be disposed within the cartridge and may be configured to capture at least a portion of the light received through the opening.07-12-2012
20130031911APU SELECTIVE COOL DOWN CYCLE - An APU has a control for controlling a load on the APU from an associated aircraft. The control further receives information with regard to a temperature challenge around the APU. If the temperature challenge exceeds a predetermined threshold, then the control operates the APU with a reduced load in a cool down cycle to reduce the heat load from the APU on an associated tail cone. A method is also disclosed.02-07-2013
20130074510COMBUSTOR AND METHOD FOR SUPPLYING FUEL TO A COMBUSTOR - A combustor includes an end cap having an upstream surface axially separated from a downstream surface and a cap shield circumferentially surrounding the upstream and downstream surfaces. A first circuit of tubes extends from the upstream surface through the downstream surface. A first fuel plenum is in fluid communication with the first circuit of tubes. A second circuit of tubes extends from the upstream surface through the downstream surface. A second fuel plenum downstream from the first fuel plenum is in fluid communication with the second circuit of tubes. A method for supplying fuel to a combustor includes flowing a working fluid through tubes, flowing fuel or diluent from a first fuel plenum through a first circuit of tubes, and flowing fuel or diluent from a second fuel plenum through a second circuit of tubes, wherein the second fuel plenum is downstream from the first fuel plenum.03-28-2013
20100043443METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR SUPPRESSING AEROENGINE CONTRAILS - An aircraft comprising a gas turbine engine that exhausts a plume of gases in use, the aircraft comprises an ultrasound generator having an ultrasonic actuator and a waveguide to direct ultrasonic waves at the exhaust plume to avoid the formation of contrails.02-25-2010
20100043442DIMPLED SERRATED FINTUBE STRUCTURE - Disclosed is a fin tube for thermal energy transfer of turbomachine exhaust including a tube disposable in an exhaust stream of a turbomachine and a plurality of fins extending from an outer surface of the tube. Each fin includes a plurality of adjacent fin segments which are separated by a serration. At least one fin segment of the plurality of fin segments includes at least one dimple thereon. The at least one dimple increases a turbulence of exhaust flow across the at least one fin segment and increases a surface area of the at least one fin segment thereby increasing a thermal energy transfer capability of the fin tube. Further disclosed is a combined cycle power plant utilizing the fin tube and a method for operating the combined cycle power plant.02-25-2010
20090272118Operation of Dual Gas Turbine Fuel System - The present application provides a method of operating a dual gas fuel delivery system comprising selecting a manifold and fuel flow split; setting the stroke of a high-energy gas control valve based on the fuel split; measuring the primary manifold nozzle pressure ratio across a primary manifold nozzle outlet; comparing the primary manifold nozzle pressure ratio against a primary manifold specification limit; adjusting the stroke of a primary low energy gas control valve to maintain the pressure ratio across the primary manifold nozzle outlet within the primary manifold specification limit; measuring the secondary manifold nozzle pressure ratio across a secondary manifold nozzle outlet; comparing the secondary manifold nozzle pressure ratio against a secondary manifold specification limit; and adjusting the stroke of a secondary low energy gas control valve to maintain the pressure ratio across the secondary manifold nozzle outlet within the secondary manifold specification limit.11-05-2009
20130031910Efficient Selective Catalyst Reduction System - The present application provides a gas turbine engine system. The gas turbine engine system may include a gas turbine engine producing a flow of combustion gases, an emissions reduction system in communication with the gas turbine engine, a flow of ammonia to be injected into the flow of combustion gases, and a source of compressed gas to vaporize the flow of ammonia.02-07-2013
20130036745GAS TURBINE COMBUSTOR HAVING COUNTERFLOW INJECTION MECHANISM AND METHOD OF USE - In accordance with certain embodiments, a system and method of use includes a counterflow injection mechanism. The counterflow injection mechanism includes a fuel-air injection mechanism having fuel and air passages leading to fuel and air injection openings, wherein the fuel and air injection openings are disposed at an off-center position and a generally counterflow direction relative to a generally lengthwise flow axis of a gas turbine combustor.02-14-2013
20130036744METHOD FOR OPERATING A GAS TURBINE AND GAS TURBINE UNIT USEFUL FOR CARRYING OUT THE METHOD - A method for operating a gas turbine (02-14-2013
20130036743TURBOMACHINE COMBUSTOR ASSEMBLY - A combustor assembly includes a combustor body having a combustion chamber, and a nozzle support mounted to the combustor body. The nozzle support includes a central opening, and a plurality of openings extending about the central opening. A central flame tolerant nozzle assembly is positioned within the central opening, and a plurality of micro-mixer nozzle assemblies are mounted in respective ones of the plurality of openings about the central flame tolerant nozzle assembly. Each of the central flame tolerant nozzle assembly and the plurality of micro-mixer nozzle assemblies are configured and disposed to deliver an air-fuel mixture into the combustion chamber.02-14-2013
20130025292REVERSIBLE SOLID OXIDE FUEL CELL STACK AND METHOD FOR PREPARING SAME - A reversible SOFC monolithic stack is provided which comprises: 1) a first component which comprises at least one porous metal containing layer (01-31-2013
20100107647TOROIDAL BOUNDARY LAYER GAS TURBINE - A device comprising a combustion toroid for receiving combustion-induced centrifugal forces therein to continuously combust fluids located therein and an outlet for exhaust from said combustion toroid.05-06-2010
20100095681Method and apparatus for using compressed air to increase the efficiency of a fuel driven turbine generator - A method and apparatus is shown for increasing the efficiency of a fuel driven turbine generator, and in particular, a system comprising a turbo compressor and turbo expander device that produces super chilled air that can be mixed with ambient air to produce relatively cool dry inlet air that can be introduced under pressure into the fuel driven generator to increase the efficiency thereof. A separation compartment with a passageway extending normal to the travel direction of the chilled air is preferably used to remove ice particles and particulates from the cool inlet air to avoid damage to the turbine blades. Additional efficiency increasing apparatuses such as heat exchangers and steam driven turbine generators and chillers that use heat from the compressors, as well as thermal energy storage systems that store chilled water produced by releasing compressed air are contemplated.04-22-2010
20090120097Isotropic recycling engine - An engine or motor that generates electrical energy by the use of isotropic principles in conjunction with the expansion of fuel materials when constant heat is applied to flammable fuels such as propane, C05-14-2009
20120180493APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING OXYGEN EMISSIONS FROM A GAS TURBINE - A combined cycle power plant includes a first compressor that produces a compressed working fluid and a turbine downstream of the first compressor. The turbine includes stationary components and rotating components and produces an exhaust. A heat exchanger downstream of the turbine receives the exhaust from the turbine, and a second compressor downstream of the heat exchanger and upstream of the turbine receives the exhaust from the heat exchanger and provides a flow of exhaust to the turbine. A method for reducing oxygen emissions from a gas turbine includes flowing an exhaust from a turbine to a heat exchanger and removing heat from the exhaust. The method further includes increasing the pressure of the exhaust to produce a pressurized exhaust and flowing the pressurized exhaust back to the turbine to remove heat from the turbine.07-19-2012
20120180495SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR INJECTING FUEL - According to various embodiments, a system includes a staggered multi-nozzle assembly. The staggered multi-nozzle assembly includes a first fuel nozzle having a first axis and a first flow path extending to a first downstream end portion, wherein the first fuel nozzle has a first non-circular perimeter at the first downstream end portion. The staggered multi-nozzle assembly also includes a second fuel nozzle having a second axis and a second flow path extending to a second downstream end portion, wherein the first and second downstream end portions are axially offset from one another relative to the first and second axes. The staggered multi-nozzle assembly further includes a cap member disposed circumferentially about at least the first and second fuel nozzles to assemble the staggered multi-nozzle assembly.07-19-2012
20120180494TURBINE FUEL NOZZLE ASSEMBLY - According to one aspect of the invention, a fuel nozzle assembly for a turbine includes an inner conduit and a flange coupled to the inner conduit thereby forming a chamber for flow of a gas fuel. In addition, the flange includes a diaphragm member coupled to the inner conduit, the diaphragm member being configured to flex in response to relative movement between the inner conduit and the flange.07-19-2012
20130047622PULSE FILTRATION APPARATUS - A pulse filtration apparatus of a power plant including an air separation unit (ASU) and a gas turbine engine is provided. The apparatus includes a conduit to transmit fluid from the ASU to a combustor of the gas turbine engine and a tap. The tap includes a first end fluidly coupled to the conduit, a second end opposite the first end and fluidly coupled to components of a filter housing disposed upstream from a compressor of the gas turbine engine and a main member fluidly interposed between the first and second ends. The tap is configured to remove fluid from the conduit and to transmit the removed fluid to the components of the filter housing.02-28-2013
20130047624DISTRIBUTED LUBRICATION SYSTEM - A gas turbine engine includes a spool, a gearbox having gearing driven by the spool, and a lubrication system. The lubrication system includes a first heat exchanger positioned in a first air flow path, a second heat exchanger positioned in a second air flow path, and a lubrication pump fluidically connected to both the first heat exchanger and the second heat exchanger. A first air fan is driven by the gearbox for inducing air flow through the first air flow path. A second air fan is driven by an electric motor for inducing air flow through the second air flow path.02-28-2013
20130047623ACCESSORY GEARBOX BUFFER COOLING AIR PUMP SYSTEM - A buffer air pump provides pressurized cooling air for cooling components of the gas turbine engine. The buffer air pump is supported on and/or within an accessory gearbox and draws bypass air in through an inlet manifold. An impeller supported within a scroll housing pressurizes the incoming bypass air and directs the pressurized air through passages to a component requiring cooling. The buffer air pump draws in relatively cool air from the bypass flow, pressurizes the air with the impeller and sends the air through conduits and passages within the gas turbine engine to the component that requires cooling such as a bearing assembly.02-28-2013
20130086916Low Emission Power Generation Systems and Methods - Methods and systems for C004-11-2013
20120216547POWER PLANT FOR CO2 CAPTURE - An exemplary fossil fuel fired power plant is disclosed with minimum impact of the CO2 capture system on a power part of the plant. A power plant is disclosed which is ready for the retrofit of a CO2 capture plant, and a method is disclosed for retrofitting an existing plant into a power plant with CO2 capture. A power plant part is disclosed which can provide steam and power to operate CO2 capture system, and provide a CO2 capture system, which has the capacity to remove CO2 from flue gas flow of the power part, and of the additional power plant part.08-30-2012
20120216546METHOD AND DEVICE FOR TURBO GENERATOR COOLING - A method and apparatus for the operation of a gas turbine unit with an evaporative intake air cooling system in the intake air pathway, wherein the return water flow of the evaporative intake air cooling system is used for the cooling of components of the gas turbine unit and/or of a generator coupled to the gas turbine unit and/or of another element coupled to the gas turbine unit, and a gas turbine unit adapted to be operated using this method.08-30-2012
20120216545ENVIRONMENTAL CONTROL SYSTEM SUPPLY PRECOOLER BYPASS - A precooler for cooling compressor bleed air for an environmental control system includes a heat exchanger in fluid communication with a source of cooling air and operable for cooling the bleed air. A variable bypass valve between a bleed air source and environmental control system is operable for bypassing at least a portion of the compressor bleed air around the heat exchanger. The cooling air may be a portion of fan air modulated by a variable fan air valve. The bleed air source may be selectable between the low pressure bleed air source and a high pressure bleed air source. One method includes flowing the compressor bleed air from a single low pressure source only and increasing thrust sufficiently to meet a minimum level of pressure of the bleed air during one engine out aircraft operating condition during approach or loitering.08-30-2012
20120216544SWIRL REDUCING GAS TURBINE ENGINE RECUPERATOR - A gas turbine engine recuperator recuperator including exhaust passages providing fluid flow communication between an exhaust inlet and an exhaust outlet, the exhaust inlet being oriented to receive exhaust flow from a turbine of the engine and the exhaust outlet being oriented to deliver the exhaust flow to atmosphere, the exhaust passages having an arcuate profile in a plane perpendicular to a central axis of the recuperator to reduce a swirl of the exhaust flow. Air passages are in heat exchange relationship with the exhaust passages and providing fluid flow communication between an air inlet and an air outlet, design to sealingly respective plenum of the gas turbine engine.08-30-2012
20120216543DIFFUSING GAS TURBINE ENGINE RECUPERATOR - A gas turbine engine recuperator including exhaust passages providing fluid flow communication between an exhaust inlet and an exhaust outlet, the exhaust inlet being oriented to receive exhaust flow from a turbine of the engine and the exhaust outlet being oriented to deliver the exhaust flow to atmosphere, the exhaust inlet having a smaller cross-sectional area than that of the exhaust outlet, and a cross sectional area of each exhaust passage progressively increasing from the exhaust inlet to the exhaust outlet such as to diffuse the exhaust flow. Air passages are in heat exchange relationship with the exhaust passages and provide fluid flow communication between an air inlet and an air outlet designed to sealingly engage respective plenums of the gas turbine engine.08-30-2012
20120216542Combustor Mixing Joint - The present application and the resultant patent provide a mixing joint for adjacent can combustors. The mixing joint may include a first can combustor with a first combustion flow and a first wall, a second can combustor with a second combustion flow and a second wall, and a flow disruption surface positioned about the first wall and the second wall to promote mixing of the first combustion flow and the second combustion flow.08-30-2012
20100269514FLUIDIZABLE ALGAE-BASED POWDERED FUEL AND METHODS FOR MAKING AND USING SAME - An algae-based powdered fuel is configured to be fluidized in a gas stream. The algae-based powdered fuel is manufactured by drying an algae slurry to produce a powdered composition and then comminuting the powdered composition to produce the fuel. The algae-based powdered fuel can be combusted in a gas turbine to generate electricity and/or to propel an aircraft.10-28-2010
20100269513Thimble Fan for a Combustion System - The present application describes a combustion liner. The combustion liner may include a number of air mixing holes and a number of thimble fans positioned thereon.10-28-2010
20130055722PIN FIN ARRANGEMENT FOR HEAT SHIELD OF GAS TURBINE ENGINE - A heat shield unit for a gas turbine engine combustor comprises a panel body secured to a combustor liner. A first surface of the body is oriented toward a combustion zone of a combustor. A second surface is oriented toward the liner. The body is separated into upstream and downstream portions. Pin fins project from the second surface of the body. The pin fins are arranged in arrays of at least two different densities of volume of pin fins per unit volume. One density, lower than the second density, is in the upstream portion and another in the downstream portion of the body. Connectors connect the body to the liner with a line between the upstream and downstream portions of the body aligned with fluid-coolant injection apertures in the liner. A gas turbine engine combustor and a method for cooling a heat shield unit in a combustor liner of a gas turbine engine are also provided.03-07-2013
20130055721METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR SEGREGATED OIL SUPPLY AND SCAVENGE IN A GAS TURBINE ENGINE - A gas turbine engine oil supply and scavenge apparatus includes: a stationary first frame comprising a first hub and a first outer ring interconnected by an array of radially-extending hollow first struts; a forward wet cavity defined radially inboard of the first frame, having a first rolling element bearing disposed therein; a supply line extending from the first outer ring through one of the first struts and communicating with the forward wet cavity, the supply line adapted to discharge oil to the forward wet cavity; a stationary second frame comprising a second hub and a second outer ring interconnected by an array of radially-extending hollow second struts, the second frame disposed aft of the first frame; and a scavenge path communicating with the forward wet cavity and adapted to remove oil-air mist from the forward wet cavity, the scavenge path defined at least in part by the second frame.03-07-2013
20130067924COMBUSTIBLE FLUID FUEL - Disclosed are combustible fluid fuels that in some embodiments include a high-explosive component.03-21-2013
20130067926Multiple Tube Premixing Device - The present application provides a premixer for a combustor. The premixer may include a fuel plenum with a number of fuel tubes and a burner tube with a number of air tubes. The fuel tubes extend about the air tubes.03-21-2013
20130067925METHOD FOR OPERATING A COMBUSTION DEVICE - A method for operating a combustion device includes supplying a fuel and an oxidizer into the combustion device and burning them. According to the method, during at least a part of a transient operation, an additional fluid is supplied together with the fuel, and its amount is regulated to counteract combustion pulsations.03-21-2013
20130067922Ultrasonic Water Atomization System for Gas Turbine Inlet Cooling and Wet Compression - The present application provides an inlet air cooling system for cooling a flow air in a gas turbine engine. The inlet air cooling system may include an inlet filter house, a transition piece, an inlet duct, and an inlet ultrasonic water atomization system positioned about the inlet filter house, the transition piece, or the inlet duct to cool the flow of air.03-21-2013
20120111016END-FED LIQUID FUEL GALLERY FOR A GAS TURBINE FUEL INJECTOR - A fuel injector for a gas turbine engine may include an injector housing extending along a longitudinal axis and configured to be fluidly coupled to a combustor of the turbine engine. The fuel injector may also include a flow path for a fuel air mixture to the combustor extending longitudinally within the injector housing, and a gallery for liquid fuel encircling the flow path. The gallery may include a plurality of fuel spokes that are configured to deliver liquid fuel from the gallery to the flow path. The gallery may extend from a feed end to a terminal end that overlaps the feed end. The feed end may be a region where liquid fuel enters the gallery and the terminal end may be a region where the gallery terminates.05-10-2012
20130067923COMBUSTOR AND METHOD FOR CONDITIONING FLOW THROUGH A COMBUSTOR - A combustor includes an end cover and a casing adjacent to the end cover, wherein the end cover and casing at least partially define a volume inside the combustor. The combustor further includes an end cap that extends radially across at least a portion of the combustor, at least one nozzle arranged in the end cap to provide fluid communication through the end cap, and means for conditioning flow through the volume. A method for conditioning flow through a combustor includes flowing a working fluid through a volume at least partially defined by an end cover, a casing, and an end cap that extends radially across at least a portion of the combustor and flowing the working fluid across an annular insert adjacent to the end cover.03-21-2013
20120111015SELF-OSCILLATING FUEL INJECTION JETS - A combustor structure includes a combustor fuel-air mixing apparatus having a mainstream airflow region. One or more concavities are disposed within the mainstream airflow region of the fuel-air mixing apparatus. At least one fuel injection hole is disposed within an upstream base region of at least one concavity. Passing a stream of air through the main airflow region causes fuel injected into the upstream base region of at least one concavity to passively mix with a naturally oscillating vortex of air within the concavity.05-10-2012
20130091854Stoichiometric Combustion of Enriched Air With Exhaust Gas Recirculation - Methods and systems for low emission power generation in hydrocarbon recovery processes are provided. One system includes a gas turbine system configured to stoichiometrically combust a compressed oxidant derived from enriched air and a fuel in the presence of a compressed recycle exhaust gas and expand the discharge in an expander to generate a recycle exhaust stream and drive a main compressor. A boost compressor receives and increases the pressure of the recycle exhaust stream and prior to being compressed in a compressor configured to generate the compressed recycle exhaust gas. To promote the stoichiometric combustion of the fuel and increase the CO04-18-2013
20090293492COMBUSTION APPARATUS - A fuel valve for a turbine engine, the valve has a fuel inlet connected to a supply of fuel and a purge inlet connected to a supply of purge air. Opening and closing apparatus within the valve selectively supplies air or fuel to a valve outlet. The opening and closing apparatus are movable in sequence from a first position where both the purge air and fuel to the outlet is disabled to a second position where the purge air is enabled and the fuel is disabled to a third position where the purge air is disabled and the fuel is enabled.12-03-2009
20090293491Gas Turbine For A Thermal Power Plant, And Method For Operating Such A Gas Turbine - Disclosed is a gas turbine for a thermal power plant, especially a gas turbine, comprising a rotatable rotor and a duct which can be penetrated by a gas and in which turbine blades for driving the rotor are disposed. The inventive gas turbine is characterized by a blocking device which at least partially prevents the gas from penetrating the duct in a closed position.12-03-2009
20090282834Combined Vortex reducer - A vortex reducer for the guidance of bleed airflows (11-19-2009
20090272119JET FUEL COMPOSITIONS AND METHODS OF MAKING AND USING SAME - Provided herein are, among other things, jet fuel compositions and methods of making and using the same. In some embodiments, the fuel compositions comprise at least a fuel component readily and efficiently produced, at least in part, from a microorganism. In certain embodiments, the fuel compositions provided herein comprise a high concentration of at least a bioengineered fuel component. In further embodiments, the fuel compositions provided herein comprise amorphane.11-05-2009
20130061595Speed Card-Controlled Override Fuel Pump Assist - A system and method for supplementing fuel feed pressure and flow within an aircraft fuel system. The fuel system includes boost and override fuel pumps delivering fuel from the tanks to a fuel manifold, and a jettison fuel pump. The method includes the steps of: (a) sensing whether the aircraft engine is operating near maximum power; (b) upon sensing the condition, operating the jettison fuel pump in fluid interconnection with the override fuel pump to deliver fuel to the fuel manifold; and (c) upon sensing the cessation of the condition, deactivating the jettison fuel pump. The system includes a monitoring circuit signaling when the aircraft engine speed is greater than a predetermined threshold, and a fuel system control circuit operating a jettison fuel pump enable circuit portion in response to the signal while omitting other jettisoning operations. The jettison fuel pump consequently functions as an override fuel pump assist.03-14-2013
20100089066COOL FLAME COMBUSTION - A combustion process for burning fuel in a combustion chamber is provided. The process includes supplying fuel and air to a burner, the amount of air supplied being at least as much as required for stoichiometric combustion of the fuel and subsequent dilution of the combustion process. The process also includes injecting the fuel and all the air from the burner directly into the combustion chamber in a substantially unmixed state as a fuel stream within an air stream. Fuel is injected from a nozzle, which is nested within an air nozzle. The fuel nozzle ejects a fuel stream of such thickness that the fuel burns in the combustion chamber as a diffusion flame with a high surface-to-volume ratio at or close to the stoichiometric fuel/air ratio. The flow of air through the air nozzle is subject to the venturi effect.04-15-2010
20110138816DRIVING DEVICE AND AN OPERATION METHOD OF A COMPRESSOR - It is desired to obtain a technique which enables turning of a compressor driven by a multi-shaft gas turbine. The multi-shaft gas turbine has a high-pressure side shaft and a low-pressure side shaft. A compressor drive device applies a drive force to a compressor connected to the low-pressure side shaft of the multi-shaft gas turbine. The compressor drive device includes: a motor which generates a drive force; and a control unit which controls the motor so as to generate an rpm when turning the compressor. If the torque generated by the gas turbine is insufficient, the control unit controls the motor so as to carry out a helper motor operation for increasing the torque.06-16-2011
20120234013RECIRCULATING PRODUCT INJECTION NOZZLE - Combustion systems and the related methods operate to supply a stream of combustion products to a turbine in a gas turbine engine by forming an outer recirculation zone of recirculating combustion products within a combustor and by forming an inner recirculation zone inboard of the outer recirculation zone. The inner and outer recirculation zones are formed by imparting swirl to compressor discharge air passing through an outer air swirler and an inner air swirler radially inboard of the outer air swirler. Fuel is injected from an outer fuel injector into the outer recirculation zone, and fuel is also injected from an inner fuel injector into the inner recirculation zone.09-20-2012
20130160455SYSTEM AND METHOD OF EXPANDING A FLUID IN A HERMETICALLY-SEALED CASING - An expander-generator is disclosed. The expander-generator is disposed within a hermetically-sealed housing and includes a high-pressure expander stage and a low-pressure expander stage. A working fluid, such as ammonia, is introduced into the high and low pressure expander stages and expanded therein so as to provide rotational torque to a shaft. A generator, such as a motor, pump, or compressor, may be coupled to a free end of the shaft such that rotation of the shaft will provide useful work for the generator.06-27-2013
20130160456SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING OXYGEN EMISSIONS FROM A GAS TURBINE - A system for controlling oxygen emissions from a gas turbine includes a combustor, a plenum downstream from the combustor, and a turbine downstream from the plenum that produces an exhaust. A compressor downstream from the turbine receives the exhaust and produces a compressed exhaust. A compressed exhaust plenum downstream from the compressor provides fluid communication to the combustor and the plenum. A method for controlling oxygen emissions from a gas turbine includes flowing an exhaust from a turbine and increasing the pressure of the exhaust to produce a compressed exhaust. The method further includes flowing a first portion of the compressed exhaust to an inlet of a combustor and flowing a second portion of the compressed exhaust to a plenum between the turbine and the combustor.06-27-2013
20110016871GAS TURBINE PREMIXING SYSTEMS - Methods and systems are provided for premixing combustion fuel and air within gas turbines. In one embodiment, a combustor includes an upstream mixing panel configured to direct compressed air and combustion fuel through a premixing zone to form a fuel-air mixture. The combustor also includes a downstream mixing panel configured to mix additional combustion fuel with the fuel-air mixture to form a combustion mixture.01-27-2011
20130133331SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR REDUCING COMBUSTION DYNAMICS IN A TURBOMACHINE - A turbomachine includes a combustion chamber, and at least one pre-mixer mounted to the combustion chamber. The at least one pre-mixer includes a main body having a first end portion that extends to a second end portion. The first end portion is configured to receive an amount of fuel and an amount of air and the second end portion defines an exit plane from which a fuel-air mixture discharges into the combustion chamber. The turbomachine also includes a combustion dynamics reduction system operatively coupled to the at least one pre-mixer. The combustion dynamics reduction system includes at least one of a boundary layer perturbation mechanism and an acoustic wave introduction system which disrupt a flow pattern of the fuel-air mixture within the at least one pre-mixer.05-30-2013
20120090329SYSTEMS AND METHODS INVOLVING MULTIPLE TORQUE PATHS FOR GAS TURBINE ENGINES - Systems and methods involving multiple torque paths of gas turbine engines are provided. In this regard, a representative spool assembly for a gas turbine engine, which incorporates a compressor, a turbine and a gear assembly, includes: a shaft operative to be driven by the turbine; a first spool segment operative to couple the shaft to the compressor; and a second spool segment operative to couple the shaft to the gear assembly. The first spool segment and the second spool segment are not coupled to each other.04-19-2012
20120090325ETHANOL PRODUCTION SYSTEM FOR ENHANCED OIL RECOVERY - A process for enhancing the energy output of an ethanol production facility has the steps of producing ethanol and stillage from a feedstock, anaerobically digesting said stillage so as to produce carbon dioxide and methane, compressing the methane, compressing the carbon dioxide, and, passing the compressed carbon dioxide to an oil-bearing formation. The compressed carbon dioxide is injected under pressure into the oil-bearing formation so as to produce live crude and natural gas. The compressed methane is delivered to a combustion turbine so as to produced power and an exhaust. The exhaust of the combustion turbine is passed to a steam turbine so as to produce steam and power.04-19-2012
20100205975INTEGRAL SUCTION DEVICE WITH ACOUSTIC PANEL - An inlet flow control system disposed within a nacelle includes a panel on an inner surface of that nacelle. The panel includes a noise attenuation layer that dissipates noise energy. A vacuum source generates a pressure differential across the noise attenuation layer for drawing airflow through the panel and away from an inner surface of the nacelle.08-19-2010
20120167579FUEL ANTI-ICING AND APU COMPARTMENT DRAIN COMBINATION - A heat exchanger has a first passage to be connected to a source of fuel. The heat exchanger has an outlet to communicate the fuel downstream. A second passage connects to a source of air. The air passes adjacent to the first passage to heat fuel in the first passage. A jet pump is positioned downstream of the second passage to receive air from the second passage. The jet pump includes a tap connected to a housing compartment to drain fluid from the compartment. A method is also disclosed.07-05-2012
20120111018TIP TURBINE ENGINE WITH REVERSE CORE AIRFLOW - A tip turbine engine provides increased efficiency while eliminating or reducing the number of axial compressor stages by moving the core airflow inlet aft of the fan. As a result, the core airflow entering the core airflow inlet is the fan exhaust, which is already at an increased pressure. A portion of the fan exhaust is guided radially inward, then axially forward and then radially outward through compressor chambers in the hollow fan blades for further, centrifugal compression.05-10-2012
20130008171METHOD OF CONTROLLING SPEED TRANSIENTS IN A TURBINE ENGINE - A method of controlling an engine in which a fuel flow setpoint is determined, the method comprising: 01-10-2013
20100313571GAS TURBINE - In a gas turbine, a plurality of burners, which are arranged concentrically to the rotational axis in a regular arrangement, each directing hot gas through an associated combustion chamber outlet into a turbine, at the inlet of which a second plurality of stator blades are arranged in a ring, uniformly spaced apart around the rotational axis. Cooling openings are provided, which are distributed over the circumference, through which cooling air is injected into the hot gas flow at the combustion chamber outlet. An improvement of the flow conditions in the hot gas is achieved by the cooling openings being divided into first cooling opening groups and second cooling opening groups. The arrangement of the first cooling opening groups corresponds to the arrangement of the stator blades, and in that the arrangement of the second cooling opening groups corresponds to the regular arrangement of the burners.12-16-2010
20110138814Aircraft Engine Airflow Modulation Apparatus and Method for Engine Bay Cooling and Cycle Flow Matching - The present invention relates to a system and method of LO airflow modulation for use with a DTSA engine. A DTSA engine is positioned within an aircraft fuselage and the second DTSA turbine fan includes it own dedicated decoupled air inlet duct that is formed co-centrically about the housing. An airflow modulator member is positioned in duct to form the duct wall when the modulator is in a closed position. The Modulator member is pivotally connected to the duct wall, and is movable by an actuator to a second open position that allows airflow to escape the third stream duct, and provide airflow to both the DTSA fan blades as well as engine bay for cooling. The method of the present invention provides airflow modulation to an aircraft employing a DTSA engine, said method including the receiving of airflow from a supersonic aircraft intake; sensing a number of parameters, including, but not limited to aircraft speed, temperature, engine load and/or altitude. Calculating an efficient amount of airflow to provide to the DTSA turbine blades thorough a decoupled airstream; and directing movement of a modulator vane located in the intake duct to vary airflow to the DTSA turbine.06-16-2011
20120111017PARTICULATE DEFLAGRATION TURBOJET - A turbine engine, such as for example a jet engine or turbojet, that is fueled by particulate fuel, such as cornstarch or other similar particulate products, that burn under deflagration conditions. The engine is modified from a standard engine in that the dry inlet air is compressed before being premixed with the particulate fuel in a pre-deflagration mixing chamber located immediately upstream of the burners. The mixed fuel is then burned in the deflagration burners to provide turning force for the turbines of the turbine engine.05-10-2012
20110277482MODEL-BASED COORDINATED AIR-FUEL CONTROL FOR A GAS TURBINE - A coordinated air-fuel controller and associated method provide a fuel controller, a combustion air controller and a steady-state air versus fuel model. The fuel controller generates a fuel control output signal and the combustion air controller generates a combustion air control output signal. The fuel controller determines a preliminary fuel control signal based on at least one of first and second loop control signals, and determines the fuel control output signal based on the preliminary fuel control signal. The steady-state air versus fuel model processes the preliminary fuel control signal to determine an expected steady-state combustion air control signal. The combustion air controller determines a preliminary combustion air control signal based on at least one of a third loop control signal and a fourth loop control signal, and determines the combustion air control output signal based on the preliminary combustion air control signal and the expected steady-state combustion air control signal.11-17-2011
20090094988MULTI-CYCLE UNDERSEA POWER SYSTEM - A method of operating an internal combustion engine, such as a diesel engine, includes an air cycle and an exhaust cycle. During the air cycle, atmospheric air and fuel are combusted within the engine. During the exhaust cycle, no atmospheric air is introduced into the engine. Instead, exhaust gas is recirculated into to the engine. The exhaust gas provides a working fluid for a compression ignition cycle and the fuel is capable of air-independent combustion.04-16-2009
20120285173LOBED SWIRLER - A swirler including an annular housing with limiting walls. At least two vanes are arranged in the annular housing including the sidewalls of the swirler. The leading edge area of each vane has a profile, which is oriented parallel to a main flow direction prevailing at the leading edge position, wherein the profiles of the vanes turn from the main flow direction prevailing at the leading edge position to impose a swirl on the flow, and wherein, with reference to a central plane of the vanes the trailing edges are provided with at least two lobes in opposite transverse directions. A burner for a combustion chamber of a gas turbine including such a swirler and at least one nozzle having its outlet orifice at or in a trailing edge of the vane and to a method of operation of such a burner.11-15-2012
20110283708LANDFILL GAS UTILIZATION - A method for utilizing landfill gas is disclosed herein. The method includes the step of collecting landfill gas. The method also includes the step of fueling a turbine engine that is at least part of a power generation system with the landfill gas to generate power. The method also includes the step of cooling one or more components of the power generation system with the landfill gas prior to the fueling step. A power generation system capable of practicing the method is also disclosed. A landfill gas utilization system capable of practicing the method is also disclosed.11-24-2011
20110289929TURBOMACHINE FUEL NOZZLE - A turbomachine includes a compressor, a turbine operatively coupled to the compressor, and a combustor fluidly linking the compressor and the turbine. The combustor includes at least one fuel nozzle. The at least one fuel nozzle includes a flow passage including a body having first end that extends to a second end through at least one flow channel having a flow area. A fuel inlet is provided at the first end of the body. The fuel inlet is configured to receive at least one fuel. A fuel outlet is provided at the second end of the body. A control flow passage is fluidly connected to the body between the first and second ends. The control flow passage is configured and disposed to deliver a control flow into the fuel nozzle. The control flow establishes a selectively variable effective flow area of the flow passage.12-01-2011
20110283709FLUIDIZED BED COMBUSTION - A method and a power plant for combustion of carbonaceous fuel for production of electrical power are described. The plant is a pressurized fluidized bed combustion plant wherein the compressor(s) (11-24-2011
20110289931GAS TURBINE FUEL METERING UNIT - A fuel system for a turbine engine is provided. The fuel system includes a positive displacement pump driven by an electric motor. The pump is rotated in a first direction to deliver fuel to the turbine engine, and a second direction for evacuating fuel from the turbine engine. A shut-off check valve is open in a first direction in response to a first differential pressure created by the pump in the first direction. The shut-off check valve is biased to a closed position when the pump is rotating in the second direction. An ecology check valve is biased to a closed position in the first direction and open in the second direction in response to a second differential pressure created by the pump. The check valves open and close automatically in response to the pressures generated by the positive displacement pump in each of the first and second rotational directions. In this manner, simple, reliable valves are utilized to regulate the flow of fuel in the fuel system.12-01-2011
20110289930System and Method for Exhaust Gas Use in Gas Turbine Engines - In one embodiment, a system is provided that includes a first gas turbine engine. The first gas turbine engine has a first compressor configured to intake air and to produce a first compressed air and a first combustor configured to combust a first mixture to produce a first combustion gas. The first mixture has a first fuel, at least a first portion of the first compressed air, and a second combustion gas from a second gas turbine engine. The first gas turbine engine also includes a first turbine configured to extract work from the first combustion gas.12-01-2011
20110277483GAS TURBINE ENGINE WITH EJECTOR - The present inventions include a boundary layer ejector fluidically connecting boundary layer bleed slots from an external surface of an aircraft to reduce aircraft/nacelle/pylon drag, reduce jet noise and decrease thrust specific fuel consumption. In one embodiment a boundary layer withdrawn through the boundary layer bleed slots is entrained with an exhaust flow of a gas turbine engine. In another embodiment a boundary layer withdrawn through the boundary layer bleed slots is entrained with a flow stream internal to the gas turbine engine, such as a fan stream of a turbofan. A moveable shroud can be used to open and close a passage of an ejector which can be used to assist in withdrawing a boundary layer or entrain an ambient air. A lobed mixer can be used in some embodiments to effect mixing between the boundary layer and a primary fluid of the ejector.11-17-2011
20110214430ACCELERATED COOLING OF A GAS TURBINE - In a method for the fast cooling down of a gas turbine (09-08-2011
20110214432SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR GENERATION OF HIGH PRESSURE AIR IN AN INTEGRATED GASIFICATION COMBINED CYCLE SYSTEM - An integrated gasification combined cycle system. In one embodiment (FIG. 09-08-2011
20110214431TURBINE GUIDE VANE SUPPORT FOR A GAS TURBINE AND METHOD FOR OPERATING A GAS TURBINE - A turbine guide vane support for an axial-flow gas turbine is provided. The support includes a tubular wall having an inflow-side end and an outflow-side end for a hot gas flowing in the interior of the turbine guide vane support in a flow path of the gas turbine. Cooling channels for a coolant are provided in the wall. The cooling channels extend from a coolant inlet to a coolant outlet, respectively. At least one of the cooling inlets and one of the cooling outlets, respectively, is disposed at the outflow-side end of the turbine guide vane support, wherein the cooling channel associated with the respective inlet and outlet extends up to the inflow-side end of the turbine guide vane support and transitions to a redirecting area from which the respective cooling channel further extends to the outflow-side end.09-08-2011
20120096869UTILIZING HEAT DISCARDED FROM A GAS TURBINE ENGINE - Various embodiments are disclosed to utilize various fuels, including liquid natural gas fuels, to improve engine efficiency in gas turbine engines. In one configuration, a fuel is heated by a heat exchanger utilizing waste exhaust heat of a gas turbine engine. In another configuration, LNG fuel is heated using a pre-cooler for the inlet air stream of a gas turbine engine. In another configuration, fuel is injected into the pressurized air, downstream of the air-to-air intercooler. In yet another configuration, fuel is pumped through the engine's intercooler or a secondary heat exchanger exchanging heat with the compressed air stream between the low-pressure compressor and high-pressure compressor. In another configuration, the fuel is first heated by the intercooler and then further heated by a heat exchanger utilizing waste exhaust heat of the gas turbine engine.04-26-2012
20120096868Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle System with a Nitrogen Cooled Gas Turbine - The present application provides an integrated gasification combined cycle system. The integrated gasification combined cycle system may include a nitrogen source, a combustor, and a turbine. A flow of nitrogen from the nitrogen source passes through and cools the turbine and then flows into the combustor.04-26-2012
20110259014REFINERY RESIDUALS PROCESSING FOR INTEGRATED POWER, WATER, AND CHEMICAL PRODUCTS - Systems and methods are provided for processing refinery residuals. In one embodiment, the system may include a gasifier configured to produce syngas from refinery residuals. A gas turbine engine may produce power from the syngas, and the power may be provided to a desalination system. A portion of the syngas may be provided to a shift reactor.10-27-2011
20120023961GAS TURBINE ENGINE HAVING CORE AUXILIARY DUCT PASSAGE - A method of controlling a gas turbine engine having a core engine including a core passage and an auxiliary duct passage includes sensing an operability condition, and diverting a portion of a core airflow through the auxiliary duct passage in response to sensing the operability condition.02-02-2012
20120023960POWER PLANT AND CONTROL METHOD - Ambient air is compressed into a compressed ambient gas flow with a main air compressor. The compressed ambient gas flow having a compressed ambient gas flow rate is delivered to a turbine combustor and mixed with a fuel stream having a fuel stream flow rate and a portion of a recirculated gas flow to form a combustible mixture. The combustible mixture is burned and forms the recirculated gas flow that drives a turbine. The recirculated gas flow is recirculated from the turbine to the turbine compressor using a recirculation loop. At least one emission level is measured by at least a first emission sensor in the recirculated gas flow and at least a first control signal is generated. The fuel stream flow rate is adjusted based on the at least a first control signal to achieve substantially stoichiometric combustion.02-02-2012
20120023959POWER PLANT AND METHOD OF USE - A power plant arrangement and method of operation are provided. The power plant arrangement comprises at lease one main air compressor and one or more gas turbine assemblies. Each assembly comprises a turbine combustor for mixing a portion of a compressed ambient gas flow with a portion of a recirculated low oxygen content gas flow and a fuel stream, and burning the combustible mixture to form the recirculated low oxygen content flow. The assembly further comprises a turbine compressor, fluidly connected to the turbine combustor, and connected to a turbine shaft that is arranged to be driven by rotation of a turbine. The assembly also comprises a recirculation loop for recirculating at least a portion of the recirculated low oxygen content gas flow from the turbine to the turbine compressor.02-02-2012
20120023958POWER PLANT AND CONTROL METHOD - Ambient air is compressed into a compressed ambient gas flow with a main air compressor. The compressed ambient gas flow having a compressed ambient gas flow rate is delivered to a turbine combustor and mixed with a fuel stream having a fuel stream flow rate and a portion of a recirculated low oxygen content gas flow to form a combustible mixture. The combustible mixture is burned and forms the recirculated low oxygen content gas flow that drives a turbine. A portion of the recirculated low oxygen content gas flow is recirculated from the turbine to the turbine compressor using a recirculation loop. The compressed ambient gas flow rate and the fuel stream flow rate are adjusted to achieve substantially stoichiometric combustion. An excess portion, if any, of the compressed ambient gas flow is vented. A portion of the recirculated low oxygen content gas flow is extracted using an extraction conduit.02-02-2012
20120023957POWER PLANT AND METHOD OF OPERATION - A power plant arrangement and method of operation is provided. The power plant arrangement includes at least one main air compressor and at least one gas turbine assembly. Each assembly includes a turbine combustor for mixing a portion of compressed ambient gas with a portion of a recirculated low oxygen content gas flow and a fuel stream for burning to form the recirculated low oxygen content gas flow. A recirculation loop for recirculating at least a portion of the recirculated low oxygen content gas flow from the turbine to a turbine compressor is provided. At least one auxiliary apparatus is fluidly connected to the main air compressor and may be at least partially powered by the compressed ambient gas flow.02-02-2012
20120023955POWER PLANT AND METHOD OF OPERATION - A power plant and method of operation are provided. The power plant comprises at least one main air compressor and at least one gas turbine assembly. Each gas turbine assembly comprises a turbine combustor for mixing a compressed ambient gas with a recirculated low oxygen content gas flow and a fuel stream to form a combustible mixture for burning to form the recirculated low oxygen content gas flow. A turbine is arranged to be driven by the recirculated low oxygen content gas flow from the turbine combustor. The assembly includes a recirculation loop for recirculating the recirculated low oxygen content gas flow from the turbine to a turbine compressor and a gas flow extraction stream for extracting a portion of the recirculated low oxygen content gas flow for delivery to a carbon monoxide catalyst unit. A portion of the compressed ambient gas is directed to the carbon monoxide catalyst unit.02-02-2012
20120023954POWER PLANT AND METHOD OF OPERATION - A power plant and method of operation that comprises at least one main air compressor and at least one gas turbine assembly. The assembly comprises a turbine combustor for mixing compressed ambient gas with a recirculated low oxygen content gas flow and a fuel stream to form a combustible mixture and for burning the combustible mixture and forming the recirculated low oxygen content flow. The assembly comprises a recirculation loop for recirculating the recirculated low oxygen content gas flow from the turbine to the turbine compressor. The assembly comprises an integrated inlet bleed heat conduit that fluidly connects the at least one gas turbine assembly to an input of the at least one main air compressor and delivers at least a portion of the recirculating low oxygen content gas flow from the at least one gas turbine assembly to the input of the at least one main air compressor.02-02-2012
20120023953METHODS FOR CONTROLLING FUEL SPLITS TO A GAS TURBINE COMBUSTOR - Methods for controlling fuel splits to a combustor of a gas turbine are disclosed. The methods may include determining a combustion reference temperature of the gas turbine, measuring a biasing parameter of the gas turbine, determining at least one fuel split biasing value based on the combustion reference temperature and the biasing parameter and adjusting a nominal fuel split schedule based on the at least one fuel split biasing value.02-02-2012
20100077765High-Pressure Fluid Compression System Utilizing Cascading Effluent Energy Recovery - A high-pressure system and method utilizing an input fluid. The system includes a reactor treating a material to produce an effluent having an energy content, a plurality of stages compressing the input fluid in a stepwise manner providing a high-pressure reactor input stream to the reactor, and a cascading effluent energy recovery system mechanically communicating with the plurality of stages. The cascading effluent energy recovery system imparts a portion of the energy content of the effluent into each of the plurality of stages powering that stage. The method includes receiving an input fluid, compressing the input fluid over a plurality of stages producing the high-pressure stream, providing the high-pressure stream to the reactor, recovering a portion of the energy content of the effluent at each of the plurality of stages, and using each the portion of the energy in compressing the input fluid at a corresponding respective stage.04-01-2010
20110197592COIL ARRANGEMENT FOR AIR INTAKE SYSTEM FOR GAS TURBINE AND METHODS - An air intake system for a gas turbine includes one or more coils in airflow communication with an inlet arrangement. Each coil is constructed and arranged to have a respective upstream face velocity that is intended to be within 20% of the other coils. Each coil utilizes a working fluid of a predetermined temperature range conveyed there through and a plurality of spaced fins. The fins are spaced apart to permit air to flow between adjacent fins as air flows through the coil. At least one of the coils has a number of fins per inch that is different from the number of fins per inch of the other coils. Alternatively, each individual coil has at least one section with fewer or greater numbers of fins per inch that the other sections of that coil.08-18-2011
20130098046INTEGRATED THERMAL SYSTEM FOR A GAS TURBINE ENGINE - An integrated thermal system for a gas turbine engine includes an Air-Oil Cooler and an Air-Air PreCooler within a housing, the Air-Air PreCooler downstream of the Air-Oil Cooler.04-25-2013
20130098047COMPARTMENT COOLING FOR A GAS TURBINE ENGINE - A gas turbine engine includes a first pump driven by a spool, an air-oil cooler downstream of the first pump. A second pump driven by the spool and an air-air precooler downstream of the second pump, the air-air precooler downstream of the air-oil cooler. A compartment is downstream of the precooler to receive a cooling air from the precooler.04-25-2013
20110197591AXIALLY STAGED PREMIXED COMBUSTION CHAMBER - A combustor for a gas turbine includes a plurality of radially outer nozzles arranged in an annular array, each of the radially outer nozzles having an outlet end located to supply fuel and/or air to a first combustion chamber. A center nozzle has an outlet end located axially upstream of the outlet ends of the radially outer nozzles, and is configured and arranged to supply fuel and air to a second combustion chamber axially upstream of the first combustion chamber. The second combustion chamber opens into the first combustion chamber and has a length sufficient to maintain a center nozzle flame confined to the second combustion chamber.08-18-2011
20100281876FUEL BLANKETING BY INERT GAS OR LESS REACTIVE FUEL LAYER TO PREVENT FLAME HOLDING IN PREMIXERS - A premixer for a gas turbine combustor includes a first passage configured to inject a highly reactive fuel; and a second passage configured to inject an inert gas or a less reactive fuel or a mixture of both. The second passage is configured to form a layer of the inert gas or less reactive fuel or the mixture of both that blankets a layer of the highly reactive fuel. Another premixer includes a plurality of nozzles, each nozzle including a pair of concentric tubes, the pair of concentric tubes including a first tube configured to inject a highly reactive fuel and a second tube surrounding the first tube and configured to dispense an inert gas or a less reactive fuel or a mixture of both that blankets the highly reactive fuel.11-11-2010
20100275607Thermal Management Using Topological Isomerization of Fuel - Embodiments of a system are disclosed that include a heat source, an endothermic process module, and a fuel source configured to supply fuel to the endothermic process module and to receive isomerized fuel from the endothermic process module. A controller includes logic instructions operable to receive information regarding temperature of fuel received by the endothermic process module, and regulate application of heat from the heat source to the fuel at the endothermic process module. The endothermic process module includes a catalyst that increases the thermal carrying capacity of the fuel by isomerizing fuel from the fuel source.11-04-2010
20100275608Systems and Methods for Rapid Turbine Deceleration - The present application provides for a gas turbine engine system for turbine deceleration during shutdown procedures. The gas turbine engine system may include a rotor extending through a turbine, a generator engaged with the rotor, and a starting system in communication with the rotor. The starting system may reverse the operation of the generator so as to apply torque to the rotor during the shutdown procedures.11-04-2010
20120291445METHOD FOR OPERATING A GAS TURBINE POWER PLANT WITH EXHAUST GAS RECIRCULATION - An exemplary method is disclosed for operating a gas turbine power plant with exhaust gas recirculation, in which the exhaust gas recirculation is, for example, disengaged during starting and shutting down of the gas turbine, and in which the engaging or disengaging of the exhaust gas recirculation can be carried out in dependence upon an operating state of the gas turbine. An exemplary gas turbine power plant with exhaust gas recirculation is also disclosed which can include a control element, the closing speed of which is such that the control element can be closed within a time which is less than a time for exhaust gases to flow from the turbine through an HRSG.11-22-2012
20120291444METHOD OF OPERATING A GAS TURBINE ENGINE - A method of operating a gas turbine engine includes directing a stream of liquid fuel to the combustor through a nozzle of a dual fuel injector. The method may also include directing a first quantity of compressed air to the stream of liquid fuel proximate the nozzle, and directing a second quantity of compressed air to the stream of liquid fuel downstream of the nozzle. The second quantity of compressed air may be larger than the first quantity of compressed air. The method may further include delivering the compressed air and the stream of liquid fuel to the combustor in a substantially unmixed manner.11-22-2012
20100212325COMBUSTION SYSTEM - Fuel and air are injected in a first poloidal flow in a first poloidal direction within a first annular zone of an annular combustor. A first combustion gas from the at least partial combustion of the fuel and air is discharged into an annular transition zone of the annular combustor and transformed to a second combustion gas therein within an at least partial second poloidal flow followed by an at least partial third poloidal flow in the annular transition zone, wherein the direction of the second poloidal flow is opposite to that of the first and third poloidal flows. The second combustion gas is discharged into a second annular zone of the annular combustor, and then transformed to a third combustion gas therein before being discharged therefrom, responsive to which a back pressure is generated in the annular combustor.08-26-2010
20130213048DIESEL ENGINE/GAS TURBINE COMPOUND ENGINE FOR A MEANS OF TRANSPORT - A compound engine for a means of transportation, includes a diesel engine and a gas turbine with at least one compressor and with at least one turbine. The diesel engine and the gas turbine are interconnected in such a manner that during continuous duty operation the compound engine is configured to be operated only by way of the diesel engine, and the diesel engine is optionally operated on its own or together with a compressor and a turbine of the gas turbine as a turbocharger for the diesel engine. The compound engine is configured to be operated by way of the diesel engine or the gas turbine.08-22-2013
20110203289POWER GENERATION SYSTEM INCORPORATING MULTIPLE RANKINE CYCLES - A power generation system (08-25-2011
20080314045COMBUSTION CHAMBER WITH BURNER AND ASSOCIATED OPERATING METHOD - A method for operating a combustion chamber of a gas turbine, in particular of a power plant is provided. The combustion chamber includes at least one burner with a catalytic pilot burner. The method includes actuating the pilot burner at low power of the combustion chamber, generating a synthesis gas with a high proportion of hydrogen as a reaction product. The method further includes actuating the pilot burner at high power of the combustion chamber, generating a synthesis gas with a low proportion of hydrogen gas. An annular combustion chamber of a gas turbine, is also provided. The combustion chamber includes a plurality of burners distributed annularly. Each burner includes a catalytic pilot burner and a common air supply for the burner and the pilot burner is also provided. The common air supply distributes the supplied air with constant division between the burner and the pilot burner.12-25-2008
20080271459Method and system for regulating a cooling fluid within a turbomachine in real time - A method and system for regulating a cooling fluid within a turbomachine in real time. The system may an external flow conditioning system for adjusting at least one property of the cooling fluid, wherein the external flow conditioning system comprises an inlet portion and an outlet portion. The system may also include at least one heat exchanger; at least one control valve; at least one bypass orifice; at least one stop valve; and a control system.11-06-2008
20090199566CO2 EMISSION-FREE ENERGY PRODUCTION BY GAS TURBINE - The invention relates to a method for reducing the CO08-13-2009
20120067054HIGH EFFICIENCY POWER PRODUCTION METHODS, ASSEMBLIES, AND SYSTEMS - The present disclosure provides methods, assemblies, and systems for power production that can allow for increased efficiency and lower cost components arising from the control, reduction, or elimination of turbine blade mechanical erosion by particulates or chemical erosion by gases in a combustion product flow. The methods, assemblies, and systems can include the use of turbine blades that operate with a blade velocity that is significantly reduced in relation to conventional turbines used in typical power production systems. The methods and systems also can make use of a recycled circulating fluid for transpiration protection of the turbine and/or other components. Further, recycled circulating fluid may be employed to provide cleaning materials to the turbine.03-22-2012
20120067053COMBUSTOR SYSTEM - A gas turbine engine having a ramburner is disclosed. The ramburner is disposed downstream of a gas turbine engine combustor and receives an engine exhaust flow from the gas turbine engine combustor. The ramburner also accepts a bypass air. Fuel is injected into the ramburner and a combustion reaction is auto-initiated based upon local gas temperatures. No mechanical flame holders need be used. A slidable valve may be used to vary the amount of bypass air into the ramburner. A movable cowl and a plug nozzle form an exit flow path of the gas turbine engine. The movable cowl can be positioned to vary a throat area and exit area of the gas turbine engine based upon the operation of the ramburner, which may be influenced by the amount of bypass air entering the ramburner.03-22-2012
20110219778POWER GENERATION PROCESS WITH PARTIAL RECYCLE OF CARBON DIOXIDE - Disclosed herein is a power generation process in which a portion of the carbon dioxide generated by gaseous fuel combustion is recycled back to the power generation process, either pre-combustion, post-combustion, or both. The power generation process of the invention may be a combined cycle process or a traditional power generation process. The process utilizes sweep-based membrane separation.09-15-2011
20110219777POWER GENERATION PROCESS WITH PARTIAL RECYCLE OF CARBON DIOXIDE - Disclosed herein is a power generation process in which a portion of the carbon dioxide generated by gaseous fuel combustion is recycled back to the power generation process, either pre-combustion, post-combustion, or both. The power generation process of the invention may be a combined cycle process or a traditional power generation process. The process utilizes sweep-based membrane separation.09-15-2011
20110138815SWIRLER FOR MIXING FUEL AND AIR - A swirler for mixing fuel and air is provided. The swirler includes a plurality of vanes arranged on a reference circle diameter which, together with a first longitudinal end face of the vanes disposed on a first wall and a second wall disposed on an opposing second longitudinal end face of the vanes, form a flow channel. In this arrangement at least one injection orifice in the first wall and at least one further injection orifice in the second wall open into a flow channel. The arrangement of the at least two mutually opposing injection orifices in the wall of the swirler makes for a homogeneous distribution of the fuel in the flow channel and ensures a uniform mixing of the air with the fuel. This results in uniform and low-NOx combustion of the fuel/air mixture in a burner.06-16-2011
20090217672Fuel Ratio Control in a Combustion Apparatus with Multiple Fuel Supply Lines - A combustion apparatus is provided which includes an incoming fuel supply line that supplies fuel in a plurality of fuel-supply lines to one or more burners, the burners being associated with a combustion volume. A temperature sensor is located in the apparatus so as to yield temperature information relating to a component part of the apparatus, which is to be prevented from overheating The apparatus also includes a control arrangement, which detects the temperature-sensor output and, depending on that output, varies the fuel supplies to one or more of the burners in such a way as to maintain the temperature of the component part below a maximum value, while keeping the fuel in the incoming fuel supply line substantially constant. The control unit preferably also strives to adjust the operating conditions of the apparatus so that pressure oscillations are kept below a maximum value.09-03-2009
20110225975METHOD FOR CONTROLLING AN ELECTRICAL DEICING SYSTEM - The present invention relates to a method for commanding and controlling at least one resistive heating element (09-22-2011
20090211259Method for Starting Up a Gas and Steam Turbine System - The invention relates to a method for starting a gas and steam turbine system which comprises a gas turbine system which comprises at least one gas turbine, in addition to at least one steam turbine system which comprises at least one steam turbine and at least one steam system. Heat produced by the working fluid and which is released in the gas turbine is guided to the steam system in order to produce steam which drives the steam turbine. According to the invention, during starting, the gas turbine is started prior to the steam turbine and the steam turbine is started in the presence of the first steam in the system and is impinged upon by said steam.08-27-2009
20120192567GAS TURBINE ENGINE FLANGE ASSEMBLY INCLUDING FLOW CIRCUIT - One embodiment is a unique apparatus having a gas turbine engine flange assembly. Another embodiment is a unique system having a gas turbine engine flange assembly. Still other embodiments include apparatuses, systems, devices, hardware, methods, and combinations for gas turbine engine flange assemblies. Further embodiments, forms, objects, features, advantages, aspects, embodiments and benefits shall become apparent from the following descriptions, drawings, and claims.08-02-2012
20100146983BURNER FOR A COMBUSTOR OF A TURBOGROUP06-17-2010
20100146982BLAST FURNACE IRON PRODUCTION WITH INTEGRATED POWER GENERATION - An integrated system for blast furnace iron making and power production based upon higher levels of oxygen enrichment in the blast gas is disclosed. The integrated system leads to; 1) enhanced productivity in the blast furnace, 2) more efficient power production, and 3) the potential to more economically capture and sequester carbon dioxide. Oxygen enhances the ability of coal to function as a source of iron reductant and to be gasified within the blast furnace thereby generating an improved fuel-containing top gas.06-17-2010
20100154427FLOW RESTRICTOR FOR LUBRICATION LINE - A flow restrictor is provided for a lubrication circulation system. The flow restrictor comprises a body configured to obstruct a flow of lubricant within the lubricant circulation system. The body has one or more through holes communicating with upstream and downstream portions of the lubrication circulation system. Each of the one or more holes has a cross-sectional area sufficiently small, and a length sufficiently long, to prevent turbulent lubricant flow therethrough at temperatures below a first predetermined reference temperature. The one or more holes have sufficient aggregate cross-sectional area to allow a desired lubricant flow rate through the body at temperatures at or above a second predetermined reference temperature.06-24-2010
20100154429Water Purification - A water purification system has a water electrolysis system, combustion water vapor production, and condensation chambers; hydrogen and oxygen channels; and a water vapor conduit. The water electrolysis system generates hydrogen and oxygen from water. The hydrogen and oxygen are transported to the oxygen chamber in channels. The hydrogen is combusted in the oxygen in the combustion chamber to generate heated water vapor. The water vapor production chamber generates water vapor from water. The water vapor conduit is disposed between the water vapor production chamber and the condensation chamber. Heated water vapor from the combustion chamber traveling from the combustion chamber into the condensation chamber generates a vacuum on the water vapor conduit, drawing water vapor from the water vapor production chamber into the condensation chamber. The condensation chamber receives water vapor from both the combustion chamber and the water vapor production chamber. Water vapor from the combustion chamber and the water vapor production chamber are condensed into purified liquid water.06-24-2010
20100154428METHOD AND SYSTEMS FOR OPERATING A COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT - An embodiment of the present invention may provide a variable speed booster, which receives air from a compressor of a gas turbine through an intercooler, to supply air at a relatively constant pressure to an air processing unit. An embodiment of the present invention may provide a speed adjustable booster turbine to energize a variable speed booster; which provides air at a relatively constant pressure to an air processing unit.06-24-2010
20110173986Adaptive Gas Turbine Vane Separator System and Method - An adaptive vane separator system is provided for use with an inlet filter house of a gas turbine engine system. The vane separator system is coupled to the inlet filter house. The vane separator system includes a slide rail and a plurality of vanes rotatably coupled to the slide rail. The inlet filter house is configured to channel air to an air inlet of a turbine engine. A drive motor is coupled to the vane separator system. The drive motor is operable to selectively move at least one of the vanes to facilitate reducing an amount of moisture channeled through the air inlet.07-21-2011
20120102966OPERATION CONTROL METHOD FOR GAS TURBINE AND OPERATION CONTROLLER FOR GAS TURBINE - An operation control method for a gas turbine comprising the steps of: making a molten salt map in a liquid phase state by calculating a dew point and a solidus temperature of molten salt for causing high-temperature corrosion on high-temperature components of the turbine due to impurities using a thermodynamic equilibrium calculation on the basis of the impurities contained in low-quality fuel and operation data of the gas turbine, indicating a surface temperature and a pressure of the high-temperature components of the turbine on the molten salt map to determine a superposition state thereof on a region of molten salt in a liquid phase, predicting a lifetime of the high-temperature components of the gas turbine by estimating a corrosion rate thereof, and controlling the flow rate of the low-quality fuel supplied to a combustor on the basis of the prediction of the lifetime of the high-temperature components so that an area of surface temperature and pressure regions of the high-temperature components superposing on the region of molten salt in the liquid phase on the molten salt map is reduced.05-03-2012
20120102965Method for improved efficiency for high hydrogen - A method for operating a hydrogen-fueled gas turbine is provided wherein a supply of fuel is passed to a gas turbine combustor, and a supply of nitrogen and sufficient air to provide at least sufficient compressed air to the gas turbine for fuel combustion is passed to a compressor. A sufficient portion of the compressor discharge flow is passed to a combustor for fuel rich combustion of the fuel flow to the combustor and the fuel is combusted to produce hot combustion gases that are, in turn, passed to a turbine.05-03-2012
20120102964TURBOMACHINE INCLUDING A CARBON DIOXIDE (CO2) CONCENTRATION CONTROL SYSTEM AND METHOD - A turbomachine includes a compressor section, a turbine section operatively connected to the compressor section, a combustor fluidly connected between the compressor section and the turbine section, and a carbon dioxide (CO05-03-2012
20120102963GAS TURBINE COMBUSTOR WITH MOUNTING FOR HELMHOLTZ RESONATORS - A combustor liner may include an annular inner liner and an annular outer liner with a plurality of air holes thereon. The outer liner may be positioned circumferentially around the inner liner such that an annular cooling space is defined between the inner and the outer liner. The combustor liner may also include at least one resonator coupled to the outer liner such that a base of the resonator is separated from the outer liner to form a gap with an external surface of the outer liner. The combustor liner may also include a throat extending from the base of the resonator penetrating the inner liner and the outer liner. The combustor liner may further include a grommet assembly that allows for relative thermal expansion between the inner liner and the outer liner proximate the throat.05-03-2012
20100223932Gas Turbine Burner and Method of Mixing Fuel and Air in a Swirling Area of a Gas Turbine Burner - A gas turbine burner, comprising at least one swirler, the swirler having at least one air inlet opening, at least one air outlet opening positioned downstream to the air inlet opening and at least one swirler air passage extending from the at least one air inlet opening to the at least one air outlet opening which is delimited by swirler air passage walls; a fuel injection system which comprises fuel injection openings arranged in at least one swirler air passage wall so as to inject fuel into the swirler air passage; and an air injection system which comprises air injection openings arranged in at least one swirler air passage wall and positioned downstream of the fuel injection openings for injecting air into the swirler air passage.09-09-2010
20120186263POWER GENERATION PLANT - A power-generation plant 07-26-2012
20100186417USE OF INERT GASES FOR SHIELDING OXIDIZER AND FUEL - A method for protecting a burner from being heated excessively during the combustion of a fuel in a combustion chamber is provided. The fuel is injected through a fuel nozzle at the same time as an inert gas in the surroundings of the injected fuel is injected into the combustion chamber in such a manner that the fuel is separated spatially from an oxidizer by the inert gas until an ignitable mixture of the fuel is produced.07-29-2010
20120031100Generating Power Using an Ion Transport Membrane - In some implementations, a system may include a compressor, a heat exchanger and an ITM. The compressor is configured to receive an air stream and compress the air stream to generate a pressurized stream. The heat exchanger is configured to receive the pressured stream and indirectly heat the pressurized stream using heat from an oxygen stream from an Ion Transport Membrane (ITM). The ITM is configured to receive the heated pressurized stream and generate an oxygen stream and the non-permeate stream, wherein the non-permeate stream is passed to a gas turbine burner and the oxygen stream is passed to the heat exchanger.02-09-2012
20100192591BURNER FOR A GAS TURBINE AND METHOD FOR FEEDING A GASEOUS FUEL IN A BURNER08-05-2010
20090277182FUEL LANCE - A lance is presented for introducing fuel into a second burner of a combustion chamber of a gas turbine installation with sequential combustion, having a first and a second combustion chamber. The lance includes a foot and a shank which projects from it. In an installed state of the lance the foot extends perpendicularly or at an angle to a main flow direction of the burner. The shank extends centrally in the burner and generally parallel to the main flow direction. At least one projecting arm, having at least one nozzle for introducing fuel, is arranged such that it extends from the shank. A respective end of the at least one arm is oriented in the main flow direction and extends generally parallel to the main flow direction.11-12-2009
20100236252SWIRL GENERATOR, METHOD FOR PREVENTING FLASHBACK IN A BURNER HAVING AT LEAST ONE SWIRL GENERATOR AND BURNER - A swirl generator, a method for preventing flashback in a burner with a swirl generator and a burner are provided. The swirl generator includes a central fuel distributor element, an outer wall enclosing the central fuel distributor element and bounding an axial flow channel for combustion air, swirl vanes extending in a radial direction to the outer wall and giving the flowing combustion air a tangential flow component, and a separating wall enclosing the central fuel distributor element and being positioned radially within the outer wall. The separating wall divides the flow channel into a radially inner channel segment and a radially outer channel segment. The radially inner channel segment allows the combustion air to pass without giving it a tangential flow component or while giving it a tangential flow component counter to the orientation of the tangential flow component in the radially outer channel segment.09-23-2010
20100242487THERMALLY DECOUPLED CAN-ANNULAR TRANSITION PIECE - A turbomachine includes a plurality of injection nozzles arranged in a can-annular array and a transition piece including at least one wall that defines a combustion flow passage. A dilution orifice is formed in the at least one wall of the transition piece. The dilution orifice guides dilution gases to the combustion flow passage. A heat shield member is mounted to the at least one wall of the transition piece in the combustion flow passage. The heat shield member includes a body having a first surface and an opposing second surface through which extends a dilution passage. The dilution passage is off-set from the dilution orifice. The heat shield member is spaced from the at least one wall of the transition piece defining a flow region between the at least one wall and the second surface.09-30-2010
20120240589POWER PLANT AND POWER PLANT OPERATING METHOD - According to one embodiment, there is provided a power plant operating method. The method includes calculating by a turbine output calculating unit a turbine output based on an exponential value of a steam pressure measured at an arbitrary point downstream from the repeater, calculating by a power generator output calculating unit a power generator output generated by the power generator, detecting by an output deviation detecting unit a deviation between the turbine output and the power generator output, detecting by a power load unbalance detecting unit power load unbalance when the deviation exceeds a preset value, and outputting by a control unit a rapid close command to regulator valves of the steam turbine when the power load unbalance is detected.09-27-2012
20100218506Methods and Systems for Controlling Gas Turbine Clearance - Systems and methods for controlling the clearance in a gas turbine are provided. A temperature of a shaft of the gas turbine may be determined, and a desired temperature of an inner turbine shell of the turbine may be determined based upon the temperature of the shaft. The desired temperature of the inner turbine shell may be associated with a turbine clearance at which the gas turbine may be ignited. The temperature of the inner turbine shell may be altered by controlling the temperature of a gas that is circulated within the inner turbine shell, and a determination may be made that the temperature of the inner turbine shell exceeds the desired temperature. The gas turbine may be ignited subsequent to the determination that the temperature of the inner turbine shell exceeds the desired temperature.09-02-2010
20090320489METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR INCREASING MODIFIED WOBBE INDEX CONTROL RANGE - A system and method for controlling the temperature of a fuel gas. The system and method includes mixing an intermediate pressure feedwater stream from the heat recovery steam generator with a high pressure feedwater stream from the heat recovery steam generator, then using that mixture to heat the fuel gas mixture. The system and method may provide for improved control over the Modified Wobbe Index of the fuel gas, which may allow for greater variation in the composition of the fuel gas.12-31-2009
20090320490Gas Turbine Combustor - A gas turbine combustor is provided, which comprises: a combustion chamber having an axial direction and a radial direction; air passages for feeding an air stream into the combustion chamber which are oriented such that the flowing direction for each air stream flowing into the combustion chamber includes an angle with the combustion chamber's radial direction so as to introduce a swirl in the in-flowing air and an angle of at least 60° with the combustion chamber's axial direction; and fuel injection openings which are located in the air passages. Each air passage defines a turning flow path with a turning between 70° and 150° in a radial direction of the combustion chamber and a turning between 0° and 235° in an axial direction of the combustion chamber.12-31-2009
20080229754METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR FAULT ACCOMMODATION OF MACHINES - A method for multi-objective fault accommodation using predictive modeling is disclosed. The method includes using a simulated machine that simulates a faulted actual machine, and using a simulated controller that simulates an actual controller. A multi-objective optimization process is performed, based on specified control settings for the simulated controller and specified operational scenarios for the simulated machine controlled by the simulated controller, to generate a Pareto frontier-based solution space relating performance of the simulated machine to settings of the simulated controller, including adjustment to the operational scenarios to represent a fault condition of the simulated machine. Control settings of the actual controller are adjusted, represented by the simulated controller, for controlling the actual machine, represented by the simulated machine, in response to a fault condition of the actual machine, based on the Pareto frontier-based solution space, to maximize desirable operational conditions and minimize undesirable operational conditions while operating the actual machine in a region of the solution space defined by the Pareto frontier.09-25-2008
20090071165METHOD OF OPERATING A GAS TURBINE POWER PLANT - In a method of operating a gas turbine during shut down, the gas turbine is decelerated and closure of compressor inlet guide vanes (03-19-2009
20100300107METHOD AND FLOW SLEEVE PROFILE REDUCTION TO EXTEND COMBUSTOR LINER LIFE - A gas turbine includes a combustor liner having at least one hole formed therein. The gas turbine also includes a flow sleeve that at least partially surrounds the liner thereby forming a plenum between the flow sleeve and the liner, the plenum having an airflow therethrough, a portion of the airflow passing through the at least one hole in the liner and into the liner thereby reducing the mass of the airflow in the plenum. The flow sleeve has an axial profile that is reduced in cross section dimension at a predetermined axial location of the flow sleeve, thereby reducing a width of the plenum at the predetermined axial location. The reduction at the cross section dimension in the flow sleeve increases a velocity of the airflow in the plenum at the predetermined axial location, the increased velocity airflow increasing transfer of heat away from the liner.12-02-2010
20110126546METHOD FOR SWITCHING OVER A GAS TURBINE PLANT FROM GASEOUS FUEL TO LIQUID FUEL AND VICE-VERSA - In a method for switching over a gas turbine plant from gaseous fuel (06-02-2011
20110000217MANAGING SPOOL BEARING LOAD USING VARIABLE AREA FLOW NOZZLE - A turbine engine provides a spool supporting a turbine. The spool is arranged in a core nacelle and includes a thrust bearing. A fan is arranged upstream from the core nacelle and is coupled to the spool. A fan nacelle surrounds the fan and core nacelle and provides a bypass flow path that includes a fan nozzle exit area. A flow control device is adapted to effectively change the fan nozzle exit area. A controller is programmed to monitor the thrust bearing and command the flow control device in response to an undesired load on the thrust bearing. Effectively changing the fan nozzle exit area with the flow control device actively manages the bearing thrust load to desired levels.01-06-2011
20120031101GAS TURBINE WITH FLOW SEPARATION AND RECIRCULATION - A method is provided for CO02-09-2012
20120067055SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR MANAGING THERMAL ISSUES IN GAS TURBINE ENGINES - The present invention generally relates to a system that enables one to address various thermal management issues in advanced gas turbine engines. In one embodiment, the present invention relates to a method to extract heat from an air stream, utilize a significant fraction for on-board power generation, and reject a small quantity of heat to the fuel stream safely at, for example, a lower temperature. In another embodiment, the present invention relates to a method to extract heat from an air stream, utilize a significant fraction for on-board power generation, and reject a small quantity of heat to the fuel stream safely at, for example, a lower temperature with no potential air/fuel contact is disclosed.03-22-2012
20110016873FUEL CONTROL METHOD AND FUEL CONTROL APPARATUS FOR GAS TURBINE AND GAS TURBINE - A fuel control method for a gas turbine with a combustor being formed of at least two groups of a pluralities of main nozzles for supplying fuel, and that supplies fuel from the main nozzles of all groups upon ignition of the combustor (S01-27-2011
20110016870METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR IMPROVED GAS TURBINE EFFICIENCY AND AUGMENTED POWER OUTPUT - A method and apparatus for improved gas turbine efficiency and augmented power output employs a combustion turbine for electrical or mechanical power generation system in a simple or combined power generation cycle which contains air-to-fuel heat exchanger. The heat exchanger cools down portion of hot compressor discharge air utilized for cooling of hot gas turbine components, such as vanes and blades. Colder component cooling air allows for higher combustor firing temperatures thereby improving gas turbine efficiency and allowing for augmented power output. Simultaneously the heat exchanger pre-heats natural gas utilized for driving the gas turbine unit prior to entering a combustor of the gas turbine, which also allows for significant improvement of the cycle efficiency. Thus, both effects of the heat exchanger installation result in gas turbine efficiency improvements and lowering power generation cycle heat rate because of the lower energy requirements for pre-heating fuel in the combustor and allowing higher combustor temperatures due to the colder component cooling air.01-27-2011
20110016875GUIDE VANE HAVING HOOKED FASTENER FOR A GAS TURBINE - A stator vane for a gas turbine includes a vane airfoil which extends in the longitudinal direction of the vane and which is delimited by a leading edge and a trailing edge, and also an outer platform, the inner side of which is exposed to the hot gas which flows through the gas turbine, and on which provision is made for a hook-like fastening element, projecting outwards in the region of the trailing edge, for fastening the stator vane on a casing of the gas turbine, which fastening element, on its side facing the trailing edge, has a locating slot above the trailing edge for the fixing of a heat shield which adjoins the outer platform of the stator vane in the flow direction of the hot gas. With such a stator vane, the service life can be extended by provision being made on the outer platform of the stator vane between the locating slot and the trailing edge of structure for reducing the thermal and mechanical stresses in the region of the transition between trailing edge and outer platform.01-27-2011
20110000218GAS TURBINE AND METHOD OF OPENING CHAMBER OF GAS TURBINE - A gas turbine includes a combustor chamber that houses a combustor unit configured to include a combustor that burns fuel to generate combustion gas for rotating a rotor, a turbine unit chamber that houses a turbine-unit rotor blade and a disk that rotate upon reception of the combustion gas, a combustor casing that forms the combustor chamber, and a casing that is configured to include the combustor casing in which a divided portion on a surface orthogonal to a rotation axis of the rotor is not formed in the combustor casing, but is formed in a portion on a downstream side of flow of the combustion gas lower than the combustor casing.01-06-2011
20120266601SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR REMOVING HEAT FROM A TURBOMACHINE - The present invention provides systems and methods of removing heat from internal areas of a turbomachine. Embodiments of the present invention may incorporate a suction device and a control system. Operatively, these elements may collectively discharge remnants of a heated fluid and/or gas from those internal areas.10-25-2012
20120266603MULTI-LAYER CERAMIC COMPOSITE POROUS STRUCTURE - An article of manufacture includes a first ceramic matrix composite (CMC) sheet having a number of flow passages therethrough, and an open-cell foam layer bonded to the first CMC sheet. The open-cell foam layer is an open-cell foam. The article of manufacture includes a second CMC sheet bonded to the open-cell foam layer, the second CMC sheet having a thermal and environmental barrier coating and having a number of flow passages therethrough.10-25-2012
20120266602Aerodynamic Fuel Nozzle - The present application and the resultant patent provide a combustor for a turbine engine. The combustor may include a number of fuel nozzles with one or more of the fuel nozzles including a swirler assembly. The swirler assembly may include a number of stages with a number of fueled structures and a number of unfueled structures.10-25-2012
20120266604FUEL NOZZLE AND METHOD FOR OPERATING A COMBUSTOR - A fuel nozzle and a method for operating a combustor are disclosed. The method includes flowing a fuel and an oxidizer through a fuel nozzle, the fuel nozzle comprising an inner tube, an intermediate tube, and an outer tube each configured for flowing one of the fuel or the oxidizer therethrough. At least one of the inner tube, the intermediate tube, or the outer tube includes a plurality of swirler vanes. The method further includes imparting a swirl to the fuel and the oxidizer in the fuel nozzle, and exhausting the fuel and the oxidizer from the fuel nozzle into a combustion zone.10-25-2012
20100287944AVAILABILITY IMPROVEMENTS TO HEAVY FUEL FIRED GAS TURBINES - Maintenance operations for a hot gas path of a gas turbine require shutdown and cooled down conditions. When a gas turbine is shut down, thermal gradients in the rotor cause stresses that limit the life of the major components. As the cooling rate is increased to reduce the time, the stresses are increased, reducing rotor life. A method and equipment are provided to reduce the overall cycle time for the maintenance, yet mitigate the life penalties, thereby providing greater power production while maintaining (or potentially extending) rotor life. The method includes small hold times during the turbine shutdown and startup and slower turbine ramp rates during cooldown and startup, which more than offset thermal stresses from a forced cooldown, considerably shortening the overall operation.11-18-2010
20090064682METHOD AND SYSTEM TO DETERMINE COMPOSITION OF FUEL ENTERING COMBUSTOR - Disclosed is a method and system for determining composition of a fuel entering a combustor. The method includes determining a temperature of the fuel entering the combustor, calculating a first estimated total fuel flow utilizing fuel properties and fuel nozzle effective area (A03-12-2009
20110016872OXYFUEL GAS TURBINE SYSTEM AND METHOD - A gas turbine includes a compressor with a plurality of pressure plates, a combuster downstream from the compressor, and a turbine downstream from the combustor and axially aligned with the compressor. The combustor produces combustion gases that flow to the turbine. A first manifold connected to the combustor contains a first process gas for combustion in the combustor. A second manifold connected upstream of the turbine contains a second process gas, and a portion of the second process gas flows to the plurality of pressure plates.01-27-2011
20110126545SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR CONTROLLING FUEL MIXING - Systems and methods for controlling fuel mixing are provided. One or more parameters associated with the operation of a machine configured to receive a combined fuel may be identified. A fuel flow of the combined fuel that is provided to the machine may be determined. Based at least in part on the identified parameters, a ratio of a first fuel type included in the combined fuel to the determined fuel flow may be determined. The first fuel type may have a heating value that is greater than a second fuel type included in the combined fuel. A flow of the first fuel type may be set based at least in part on the ratio. Subsequent to setting the flow of the first fuel type, an energy content of the fuel flow of the combined fuel may be determined, and the flow of the first fuel type may be adjusted based at least in part on the determined energy content.06-02-2011
20110083442APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR COOLING NOZZLES - A nozzle includes a nozzle body and a cavity defined at least in part by the nozzle body. A plenum extends through the nozzle body into the cavity. At least one passage through the plenum provides fluid communication between the plenum and the cavity. Orifices through the nozzle body and circumferentially spaced around the nozzle body provide fluid communication through the nozzle body. A method for cooling a face of a nozzle having a nozzle body that defines a cavity includes flowing a fuel through the cavity and inserting a plenum through the nozzle body into the cavity. The method further includes flowing a fluid through the plenum so that the fluid impinges on the face of the nozzle to remove heat.04-14-2011
20090320491DUAL CLUTCH ARRANGEMENT - A dual clutch arrangement is disclosed herein. The dual clutch arrangement includes a first input rotatable member. The dual clutch arrangement also includes an output rotatable member. The dual clutch arrangement also includes a first clutch coupling the first input rotatable member and the output rotatable member such that the first input rotatable member drives the output rotatable member in rotation. The first clutch is operable to be overrun. The dual clutch arrangement also includes a second input rotatable member. The dual clutch arrangement also includes a second clutch operable to selectively couple the second input rotatable member and the output rotatable member such that the second input rotatable member drives the output rotatable member in rotation. The first clutch is overrun when the second clutch is engaged. The dual clutch arrangement can be one exemplary way of practicing the method of operating a turbine engine to produce thrust for a vehicle, directing air into the turbine engine with a fan during said operating step, and changing a speed of the fan during said operating step to change a bypass ratio of the turbine engine.12-31-2009
20110239655PROCESS AND APPARATUS FOR MANUFACTURE OF FERTILIZER PRODUCTS FROM MANURE AND SEWAGE - This invention discloses systems and methods for conversion of manure to novel fertilizer and/or soil builder products useful as input for organic farming operations. The equipment systems comprise a gas turbine generator unit (preferred heat source), a dryer vessel and a processing unit, wherein the connection between the gas turbine and the dryer vessel directs substantially all the gas turbine exhaust into the dryer vessel and substantially precludes the introduction of air into the dryer vessel. The dryer vessel receives the manure for contact with the turbine exhaust gases to convert the manure to a dry material, which is passed to the processing unit where it is formed into granules, pellets or other desired form for the final dry fertilizer product. The method comprises drying, heating and converting the manure to form novel self binding fertilizer and soil builder type products for organic farming and other uses.10-06-2011
20090314000COANDA PILOT NOZZLE FOR LOW EMISSION COMBUSTORS - A low emission combustor includes a combustor housing defining a combustion chamber. A secondary nozzle is disposed along a centerline of the combustion chamber and configured to inject air or a first mixture of air and fuel on a downstream side of the combustion chamber. The secondary nozzle includes an air inlet configured to introduce a first fluid including air, a diluent, or combinations thereof into the secondary nozzle. At least one fuel plenum is configured to introduce a second fluid including a fuel, another diluent, or combinations thereof into the secondary nozzle and over a predetermined profile proximate to the fuel plenum. The predetermined profile is configured to facilitate attachment of the second fluid to the profile to form a fluid boundary layer and to entrain incoming first fluid through the fluid boundary layer to promote mixing of the first fluid and the second fluid and fuel to produce the first fluid. A plurality of primary fuel nozzles are disposed proximate on an upstream side of the combustion chamber and located around the secondary nozzle and configured to inject air or a second mixture of air and fuel to an upstream side of the combustion chamber.12-24-2009
20090301095PASSIVE BOUNDARY LAYER BLEED SYSTEM FOR NACELLE INLET AIRFLOW CONTROL - A gas turbine engine system includes a nacelle having a pressure side and a suction side. A passage extends between the pressure side and the suction side that permits airflow from the pressure side to the suction side. The passage receives turbulent airflow over the nacelle to produce a laminar airflow over the nacelle aft of the passage to thereby reduce drag on the nacelle.12-10-2009
20110083443STORAGE OF ELECTRICAL ENERGY WITH THERMAL STORAGE AND RETURN THROUGH A THERMODYNAMIC CYCLE - A device and a method for using overcapacities in the power grid is provided. In case of an oversupply of energy, the energy is transferred to a thermal storage device directly via a heating element and in the discharge case of the thermal storage device the heat is removed from the thermal storage device and made available to a thermodynamic cycle whereby electrical energy is produced. The heat from the thermal storage device is used to preheat air in an air feed line to a combustion chamber, or fuel is pre-heated using heat from the thermal storage device.04-14-2011
20100064694COMBUSTOR, METHOD OF SUPPLYING FUEL TO SAME, AND METHOD OF MODIFYING SAME - An object of this invention is to suppress adhesion of a flame to periphery of air hole outlets arranged on an air hole plate.03-18-2010
20100071380POWER PLANT AND OPERATING METHOD - A method for operating a power plant (03-25-2010
20120240590GAS TURBINE POWER PLANT WITH FLUE GAS RECIRCULATION AND OXYGEN-DEPLETED COOLING GAS - A method is disclosed for operating a gas turbine power plant having a gas turbine, a heat recovery steam generator and an flue gas splitter which splits flue gases into a first flue gas flow for recirculation into an inlet flow of the gas turbine and into a second flue gas flow for discharge to an environment. An oxygen-depleted gas can be used in an open cooling system for cooling hot gas parts of the gas turbine. A split compressor intake can be provided for separate feed of recirculated flue gas and fresh air into a compressor intake. Compressor blades can include a separating band which blocks intermixing of recirculated flue gas and fresh air during compression.09-27-2012
20120144837Low Emission Power Generation and Hydrocarbon Recovery Systems and Methods - Methods and systems for oxyfuel based low emission power generation in hydrocarbon recovery processes are provided. One system includes a plenum and is configured to encourage post-combustor conversion of gaseous components such that a desired chemical state is achieved. Another system includes a steam reformer for reforming a control fuel stream to generate a reformed control fuel stream characterized by an increase in hydrogen, as compared to the control fuel stream.06-14-2012
20110072828GAS TURBINE ENGINE SYSTEM PROVIDING SIMULATED BOUNDARY LAYER THICKNESS INCREASE - A gas turbine engine system for an aircraft includes a nacelle having a fan cowl with an inlet lip section and a core cowl, at least one compressor and at least one turbine, at least one combustor between the compressor and the turbine, a bleed passage, and a controller. The bleed passage includes an inlet for receiving a bleed airflow and an outlet that discharges the bleed airflow in an upstream direction from the outlet. The controller identifies an operability condition and selectively introduces the bleed airflow near a boundary layer of the inlet lip section in response to the operability condition.03-31-2011
20100229566TWO-SHAFT GAS TURBINE SYSTEM - Disclosed herein is a highly-reliable two-shaft gas turbine system in which the rotational speed of a compressor exceeds its rated rotational speed when the combustion temperature during rated operation is set to the rated combustion temperature of a simple-cycle gas turbine system and in which the drive force for the compressor can be balanced with the output from a high-pressure turbine without turbine efficiency being compromised.09-16-2010
20110100015GAS TURBINE SYSTEM TO INHIBIT COKE FORMATION AND METHODS OF USE - A gas turbine comprising a liquid fuel supply system configured to provide a liquid fuel to a combustion system of the gas turbine; and an additive injection system in fluid communication with the liquid fuel supply system, wherein the additive injection system is configured to mix an additive blend with the liquid fuel to form a liquid fuel-additive mixture configured to inhibit coke formation in the liquid fuel supply system.05-05-2011
20110100016APPARATUS AND METHODS FOR FUEL NOZZLE FREQUENCY ADJUSTMENT - A combustion liner cap assembly includes a cylindrical sleeve with a cantilevered fuel nozzle mounted therewithin; and a plurality of support rods. Each support rod has a first end supported by the cylindrical sleeve and a second end configured to contact the cantilevered fuel nozzle. Each support rod is adjustable in effective length to provide an adjustable compression force against the cantilevered fuel nozzle. A method for adjusting a resonant frequency of a cantilevered fuel nozzle mounted in a cylindrical sleeve is provided. A plurality of support rods extend between the cylindrical sleeve and the cantilevered fuel nozzle. An associated gas turbine has at least some combustion and rotor tones of interest. The method includes adjusting an effective length of the support rods to adjust compressive forces exerted against the cantilevered fuel nozzle to increase a resonant frequency of the fuel nozzle to be greater than the combustion and rotor tones of interest.05-05-2011
20110072826CAN TO CAN MODAL DECOUPLING USING CAN-LEVEL FUEL SPLITS - In exemplary embodiments, a gas turbine system is provided. The gas turbine system can include a compressor configured to compress air and combustor cans in flow communication with the compressor, the combustor cans being configured to receive compressed air from the compressor and to combust a fuel stream. The gas turbine system can also include a multi-circuit manifold coupled to the combustor cans and configured to provide a split fuel stream from the fuel stream to the combustor cans.03-31-2011
20110072827COOLING SYSTEM FOR A GAS TURBINE AND CORRESPONDING OPERATION METHOD - An operation method for a gas turbine including: compressing a working fluid by means of a compressor; feeding this compressed working fluid into at least one combustion chamber where it is overheated; expanding this overheated working fluid in at least one expansion turbine to produce energy; carrying out a first tapping of the compressed work fluid from the compressor to feed it into a first cavity of the turbine for cooling; carrying out a second tapping of the working fluid downstream from the first tapping to feed it into a second cavity of the turbine upstream from the first cavity, for cooling; and fluidly connecting the first tapping to the second tapping to selectively feed the first tapping by means of a part of the second tapping during partial load operation conditions to keep the temperature of the first cavity within the acceptable limits for the resistance of the materials.03-31-2011
20110067408SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR CLOSED LOOP EMISSIONS CONTROL - Certain embodiments of the invention may include systems and methods for controlling combustion emission parameters associated with a gas turbine combustor. The method can include providing an optical path through a gas turbine exhaust duct, propagating light along the optical path, measuring exhaust species absorption of the light within the gas turbine exhaust duct, and controlling at least one of the combustion parameters based at least in part on the measured exhaust species absorption.03-24-2011
20110067409Air Cooled Turbine Component Having an Internal Filtration System - A centrifugal particle separator is provided for removing particles such as microscopic dirt or dust particles from the compressed cooling air prior to reaching and cooling the turbine blades or turbine vanes of a turbine engine. The centrifugal particle separator structure has a substantially cylindrical body with an inlet arranged on a periphery of the substantially cylindrical body. Cooling air enters centrifugal particle separator through the separator inlet port having a linear velocity. When the cooling air impinges the substantially cylindrical body, the linear velocity is transformed into a rotational velocity, separating microscopic particles from the cooling air. Microscopic dust particles exit the centrifugal particle separator through a conical outlet and returned to a working medium.03-24-2011
20110056209METHOD OF OPERATING THERMAL EQUIPMENT FED WITH ALUMINUM AND TITANIUM IN ORDER TO REDUCE HIGH-TEMPERATURE CORROSION AND FOULING - The invention provides methods of operating thermal equipment, for example, gas turbines and methods for protecting hot parts of thermal equipment from, for example, corrosion by ash from an alkali metal or from lead; fouling by ash of an alkaline-earth metal, lead or a transition metal; and the combined effects of an alkali metal, lead, an alkaline-earth metal or a transition metal;03-10-2011
20110247342SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR A COMBUSTOR NOZZLE - A nozzle includes a center body and a shroud circumferentially surrounding at least a portion of the center body to define an annular passage between the center body and the shroud. The nozzle further includes a bimetallic guide between the center body and the shroud. A method for supplying fuel to a combustor includes flowing a working fluid through a nozzle, injecting the fuel into the nozzle, and mixing the fuel with the working fluid to create a fuel and working fluid mixture. The method further includes swirling the fuel and working fluid mixture, sensing flame holding in the nozzle, and reducing the swirl in the fuel and working fluid mixture.10-13-2011
20110061395METHOD OF FUEL STAGING IN COMBUSTION APPARATUS - In one embodiment, a method is provided fuel staging for a trapped vortex (TVC) combustion apparatus comprising an inlet premixer, for injecting fuel-air mixture into the inlet of the combustion apparatus and a vortex premixer, for injecting fuel-air mixture into the recirculating vortex. The combustion apparatus may be part of an engine, such as a gas turbine engine. The method comprises varying the relative proportion of mixture introduced through the inlet and vortex premixers as a function of load.03-17-2011
20110247343GAS TURBINE ENGINE SYSTEMS AND RELATED METHODS INVOLVING VANE-BLADE COUNT RATIOS GREATER THAN UNITY - Gas turbine engine systems and related methods involving vane-blade count ratios greater than unity are provided. In this regard, a representative turbine stage for a gas turbine engine includes a first set of rotatable blades operative to be positioned downstream of and adjacent to a first set of vanes, a number of blades of the first set of blades being less than a number of vanes of the first set of vanes.10-13-2011
20100251725Combustor and Method for Modifying the Same - This invention is intended to maintain combustor reliability.10-07-2010
20090007566NOx ADJUSTMENT METHOD FOR GAS TURBINE COMBUSTORS - A method for controlling NOx emissions from a gas turbine having a fuel adjustment system may include setting an outer nozzle fuel flow to achieve a desired level of combustion dynamics for at least one of a plurality of combustion chambers, determining a delta adjustment value for a center nozzle fuel flow that will result in a desired level of NOx emissions from the gas turbine, and adjusting the center nozzle fuel flow according to the determined delta adjustment value to obtain the desired level of NOx emissions from the gas turbine.01-08-2009
20110173987EXHAUST DUCT WITH BYPASS CHANNEL - An exhaust duct for directing a stream of combustion gases in a gas turbine engine is provided. The exhaust duct comprises an inlet for receiving the stream of combustion gases from a turbine section of the gas turbine engine; an outlet in fluid communication with the inlet; and a transition portion defining a passage between the inlet and the outlet. The passage comprises a discontinuous annular region having a first side portion and a second side portion that are separated by a flow splitter. At least one bypass channel interconnects the first side portion and the second side portion of the discontinuous annular region.07-21-2011
20090107149CURRENT-PROTECTED DRIVER CIRCUIT FOR IGNITION EXCITER UNIT - Methods and apparatus are provided for driving an ignition exciter unit. An apparatus is provided for a driver circuit for use with an ignition exciter unit, the driver circuit having an input terminal and an output terminal. A first current-protected circuit is coupled to the input terminal and the output terminal, wherein the first current-protected circuit is current-limited. A second current-protected circuit coupled to the input terminal and the output terminal. The driver circuit further comprises a controller coupled to the first current-protected circuit and the second current-protected circuit. The controller is configured to activate the first current-protected circuit for a first time interval and activate the second current-protected circuit after the first time interval and prior to when the ignition exciter unit begins operating.04-30-2009
20090313999METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR CONTROLLING FUEL IN A GAS TURBINE ENGINE - A method and system for controlling fuel in a gas turbine engine including a fuel supply system channeling fuel to a combustor are provided. The system includes a first heat exchanger configured to transfer heat between a working fluid and a first cooling medium. The system also includes a second heat exchanger in series flow communication with the first heat exchanger wherein the second heat exchanger is configured to transfer heat between the working fluid and a second cooling medium. The system further includes a modulating valve configured to control the flow of at least one of the first and the second cooling media to maintain a temperature of the first or second cooling medium substantially equal to a predetermined limit.12-24-2009
20110041509GAS TURBINE ENGINE COOLING SYSTEM AND METHOD02-24-2011
20110041508Burner - A burner for a gas turbine including a burner housing is provided. Provided is a lean-rich partially premixed low emission burner for a gas turbine combustor providing stable ignition and combustion process at all engine load conditions. At the upstream end of that burner a pilot combustor creates a flow of an unquenched concentration of radicals and heat. Respectively provided is a plurality of quarl sections surrounding the exit of the pilot combustor, a main combustion room defined downstream the pilot combustor and at least a first channel defined as an annular space between an upstream quarl section and the closest downstream quarl section providing air and fuel to a main flame in the combustion room.02-24-2011
20110041507Integral Liner and Venturi for Eliminating Air Leakage - A combustion liner assembly for a gas turbine combustor includes a plurality of fuel nozzles disposed circumferentially about a central axis of the combustor, and a venturi section disposed downstream of the fuel nozzles and connected to a head end of the liner assembly. The venturi section defines an annular throat area downstream of the fuel nozzles. A liner sleeve is connected to and commences at a downstream end of the venturi section. At least a portion of the venturi section serves as a liner upstream of the liner sleeve.02-24-2011
20120198856TURBINE COMBUSTOR CONFIGURED FOR HIGH-FREQUENCY DYNAMICS MITIGATION AND RELATED METHOD - A turbomachine combustor includes a combustion chamber; a plurality of micro-mixer nozzles mounted to an end cover of the combustion chamber, each including a fuel supply pipe affixed to a nozzle body located within the combustion chamber, wherein fuel from the supply pipe mixes with air in the nozzle body prior to discharge into the combustion chamber; and wherein at least some of the nozzle bodies of the plurality of micro-mixer nozzles have axial length dimensions that differ from axial length dimensions of other of the nozzle bodies.08-09-2012
20110252804Method And System For Providing A Splitter To Improve The Recovery Of Compressor Discharge Casing - A splitter is provided for improving a pressure recovery of a compressor discharge casing (CDC) by substantially aligning a fluid vortex about a longitudinal axis of a gas turbine engine. The CDC includes an annular wall that extends generally axially along at least a portion of the CDC. The CDC is configured to house a first combustor and a second combustor. The splitter extends from the annular wall between the first and second combustors. The splitter includes a first surface that is configured to direct fluid towards the first combustor and a second surface that is configured to direct fluid towards the second combustor.10-20-2011
20100236251TEMPERATURE MEASURING DEVICE, GAS TURBINE HAVING A TEMPERATURE MEASURING DEVICE AND METHOD FOR DIRECTLY DETERMINING THE TEMPERATURE IN A COMBUSTION CHAMBER - A temperature measuring device is provided. The temperature measuring device measures the temperature in a combustion system, in particular for that of a combustion system of a gas turbine. The temperature measuring device is equipped with a heat absorbing element disposed in or on the combustion system, a measurement end disposed remotely from the combustion system having, disposed thereon, a temperature sensor measuring the temperature of the measurement end, a heat conducting element which connects the heat absorbing element to the measurement end in a thermally conductive manner, and a cooling device acting on the heat conducting element in a quantifiable manner for heat removal. A gas turbine having a temperature measuring device and method for directly determining the temperature in a combustion chamber are also provided.09-23-2010
20120167580SUPERCRITICAL OR MIXED PHASE MULTI-PORT FUEL INJECTOR - A system includes a turbine engine with a fueling system including a valve fluidly coupled to a fuel supply on an upstream side and fluidly coupled to fueling passages on a downstream side. The valve maintains the fuel supply at a pressure greater than an ambient pressure. The system includes nozzle exits corresponding to the fueling passages, and the fueling passages flow fuel from the valve to each of the nozzle exits monotonically downward. The valve is a check valve or a controlled valve. The valve maintains the fuel supply at a pressure such that fuel in the fuel supply is a continuous fluid phase. The fuel leaves the nozzle exits to the combustion chamber of the turbine engine.07-05-2012
20110162379APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR SUPPLYING FUEL - A nozzle includes first, second, and third ports each angled to direct a first, second, and third fluid in a first, second, and third rotational direction, respectively. The first, second, and third fluids are selected from the group consisting of a first fuel, a second fuel, a diluent, and a compressed working fluid. A method for supplying fuel through a nozzle includes injecting a first fluid through first ports in a first rotational direction, injecting a second fluid through second ports in a second rotational direction, and injecting a third fluid through third ports in a third rotational direction. The method further includes selecting the first, second, and third fluids from the group consisting of a first fuel, a second fuel, a diluent, and a compressed working fluid.07-07-2011
20100281875Dynamic control of a gas turbine engine compressor during rapid transients - A gas turbine engine is disclosed that has with two or more compressors. A first one of the compressors include a compressor variable geometry mechanism that may be in the form of adjustable vanes, bleed valves, or the like. A first one of the compressors is turned at a first speed and the second one of the compressors is turned at a second speed. The first speed is maintained approximately constant while the second speed varies and position of the compressor variable geometry mechanism is modulated in accordance with the second speed of the second one of the compressors to regulate surge margin for the first one of the compressors.11-11-2010
20110107768Variable Performance Valve - A variable performance valve for use in a fuel nozzle is presented. The valve includes a spring, an inner spool having a port, an outer sleeve, and an orifice, which in a fuel nozzle application may be a calibration orifice. In a low flow condition, the inlet to downstream pressure is the spring force divided by the area on which the pressure acts. At low flow the orifice does not cause any appreciable pressure drop. As the flow increases, a pressure drop develops across the orifice. Since the pressure drop across the valve cannot be greater than the spring force divided by valve area, the valve is forced to open to compensate. As flow is increased, the valve will stroke completely open and the pressure drop at the port becomes negligible and the pressure drop across the orifice is nearly 100% of the pressure drop across the valve.05-12-2011
20110107767SECONDARY FUEL NOZZLE VENTURI - The present application provides a secondary fuel nozzle assembly for a combustor. The secondary fuel nozzle assembly may include a liner, a fuel passage leading to a pilot burner tip, and a venturi extending from the liner and downstream of the pilot burner tip.05-12-2011
20110113786COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT WITH INTEGRATED ORGANIC RANKINE CYCLE DEVICE - A combined cycle power plant includes a gas turbomachine having a compressor portion and a turbine portion, a heat recovery steam generator (HRSG) operatively coupled to the turbine portion of the gas turbomachine, and an organic Rankine cycle (ORC) device fluidly coupled to the HRSG. The ORC device includes an organic fluid passing through a closed loop system operatively coupled to a turbine. Heated fluid from the HRSG elevates a temperature of the organic fluid flowing through the closed loop system. Thermal energy from the organic fluid is converted to mechanical energy in the turbine.05-19-2011
20110120135TURBULATED AFT-END LINER ASSEMBLY AND COOLING METHOD - A turbine includes a transition portion where a combustor section joins a transition piece. The combustor section includes a combustor liner having an aft end that joins a transition piece body of the transition piece. A reduced thickness portion at the aft end of the combustor liner is covered by a cover sleeve to form an air flow passage on the aft end of the combustor liner. Apertures in the forward portion of the cover sleeve allow cooling air to flow into air flow passage. A plurality of turbulators project radially outward from the reduced thickness portion of the combustor sleeve towards said cover sleeve. An arch shaped resilient seal structure is positioned between the cover sleeve and the transition piece body. Supports formed on the reduced thickness portion of the combustor liner bear against the inside of the cover sleeve to prevent the cover sleeve from deforming inward due to a force applied by the seal, thereby ensuring that the air flow passage remains open.05-26-2011
20100180603FUEL NOZZLE FOR A TURBOMACHINE - A turbomachine includes a compressor, a turbine, and a combustor operatively connected to the turbine. The turbomachine further includes a cap member mounted to the combustor. The cap member includes a first surface and a second surface. A combustion chamber is defined within the combustor. An injection nozzle is supported at the second surface of the cap member. The injection nozzle includes a first end that extends through an inner flow path to a second end. The first end is configured to receive an amount of a first fluid and the second end is configured to receive an amount of a second fluid. A mixture of the first and second fluids is discharged from the second end of the injection nozzle.07-22-2010
20120204569APPARATUS AND METHODS FOR ELIMINATING CRACKING IN A TURBINE EXHAUST SHIELD - Undue flexing and cracking of an internal exhaust shield of a turbine is eliminated by isolating thermally-induced movement in the shield from that of strut apparatus passing therethrough to a surrounding outer exhaust casing. Methods and apparatus are disclosed.08-16-2012
20110185742Solar hybrid combined cycle gas and steam power plant - A solar hybrid combined cycle gas-steam power plant and method including a solar unit, a gas turbine unit and a steam turbine unit. The solar unit includes a receiver. The gas turbine unit includes a gas turbine with a waste heat boiler arranged downstream, and a steam turbine with a feed water heater. The power plant includes a heat transfer medium cycle for transferring solar heat. The heat transfer medium cycle is coupled to the gas turbine unit through a gas turbine heat exchanger and to the steam turbine unit through a solar boiler. Alternatively to the gas turbine unit and the steam turbine unit, the solar hybrid combined cycle power plant includes an integrated gas-steam turbine having a waste heat boiler arranged downstream, wherein the heat transfer medium cycle is coupled to the integrated gas-steam turbine through the gas turbine heat exchanger and through the solar boiler.08-04-2011
20110185741INJECTION NOZZLE AND METHOD FOR OPERATING AN INJECTION NOZZLE - An injection nozzle (08-04-2011
20110259015Tangential Combustor - A combustion section for a gas turbine includes a casing defining a chamber, a plurality of combustor cans disposed in the casing and oriented in an annular pattern, and a plurality of transition pieces each coupled with one of the combustor cans. The transition pieces direct products of combustion from the combustor cans into contact with rotating buckets of the gas turbine. Each of the transition pieces is angled in two planes to effect turning of the products of combustion and to shorten the gas turbine.10-27-2011
20100024429APPARATUS, SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR HEATING FUEL GAS USING GAS TURBINE EXHAUST - An apparatus, a system and a method by which fuel gas to drive a heat source is heated are provided. The apparatus includes a first gas passage by which at least a portion of the fuel gas is transported from an inlet to an outlet, the outlet being fluidly coupled to the heat source, a plurality of heat pipes in thermal communication, at respective first ends thereof, with the portion of the fuel gas transported by the first gas passage, and a heating element, fluidly coupled to the heat source to receive exhaust of the heat source, through which respective second ends of the heat pipes extend to be in position to be heated by the exhaust.02-04-2010
20120144838COMBINED CYCLE POWER AUGMENTATION BY EFFICIENT UTILIZATION OF ATOMIZING AIR ENERGY - A combined cycle power plant includes a gas turbine having a first compressor, a second compressor downstream of the first compressor, and a regenerative heat exchanger between the first and second compressors. A steam generator is downstream of the gas turbine and receives exhaust from the gas turbine. A closed loop cooling system through the regenerative heat exchanger and the steam generator transfers heat from the regenerative heat exchanger to the steam generator. A method for operating a combined cycle power plant includes compressing a working fluid in a compressor and cooling the compressed working fluid with a regenerative heat exchanger so as to create a cooled compressed working fluid. The method further includes transferring heat from the regenerative heat exchanger to a steam generator.06-14-2012
20120036859COMBUSTOR TRANSITION PIECE WITH DILUTION SLEEVES AND RELATED METHOD - A gas turbine transition piece adapted to carry combustion gases in a hot gas path extending between a gas turbine combustion chamber and a first stage of the gas turbine, includes a hollow duct having a forward end adapted for connection to a combustor liner and an aft end adapted for connection to a first stage nozzle. One or more dilution air holes are located proximate the forward end, the dilution holes each fitted with a hollow sleeve penetrating into the hot gas path within the hollow duct, the hollow sleeves adapted to supply cooling air into the hot gas path.02-16-2012
20110016874Cooling Arrangement for a Combustion Chamber - A cooling arrangement for a surface of a wall in a gas turbine engine, the wall having a plurality of effusion holes each with an outlet onto the surface for supplying an effusion flow to the surface and an inlet, the inlets of the effusion holes being arranged at the peripheries of groups tessellated on an opposing surface of the wall, each inlet being located on the peripheries of three groups. The arrangement comprises a second wall spaced apart from the opposing surface having impingement orifices each for directing a flow of air in use to a respective impingement location on the opposing surface, each group having a centrally positioned impingement location.01-27-2011
20120167576METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR POWERING A VEHICLE - A method and system operating an aircraft system are provided. The gas turbine engine system includes a low-pressure (LP) shaft, a high-pressure (HP) shaft, a constant speed mechanical drive assembly having an input and an output, the input mechanically coupled to the LP shaft, the output mechanically coupled to a constant frequency (CF) electrical generator, and an accessory gearbox assembly having an input and an output, the input mechanically coupled to the HP shaft, the output mechanically coupled to a variable frequency (VF) electrical generator.07-05-2012
20120036860GAS TURBINE PLANT WITH EXHAUST GAS RECIRCULATION AND ALSO METHOD FOR OPERATING SUCH A PLANT - A gas turbine plant is provided with exhaust gas recirculation and includes a main gas turbine having a main compressor and main turbine driving a main generator, and a combustion chamber, with an outlet connected to the inlet of the main gas turbine, has a fuel feed, and via the recuperator's high-pressure side obtains combustion air from the main gas turbine's compressor outlet. The outlet of the main turbine and the inlet of the main compressor are connected via the recuperator's low-pressure side and a cooler for exhaust gas recirculation. On the recuperator's low-pressure side, a charging unit, with a compressor and a turbine is arranged, and draws in air via an air intake and by the outlet of its compressor is connected to the recuperator's low-pressure side outlet and by the inlet of its turbine is connected to a surplus-gas extraction line on the recuperator's low-pressure side.02-16-2012
20120304660TURBOMACHINE COMBUSTORS HAVING DIFFERENT FLOW PATHS - An example turbomachine assembly includes a first combustor configured to combust fuel and compressed air and a second combustor configured to combust fuel and compressed air. Flow moves through the first combustor in a first direction and flow moves though the second combustor in a second direction different than the first direction. The first combustor is axially spaced from the second combustor.12-06-2012
20100319355HEATING A REACTION CHAMBER - An air/fuel mixture is received in an oxidation reaction chamber. The air/fuel mixture has a low concentration of fuel, for example, below a lower explosive limit (LEL). The mixture is received while a temperature of a region in the oxidation reaction chamber is below a temperature sufficient to oxidize the fuel. The temperature of the region is raised to at least the oxidation temperature (the temperature sufficient to oxidize the fuel) primarily using heat energy released from oxidizing the air/fuel mixture in a different region in the reaction chamber.12-23-2010
20100319354LOW CARBON EMISSIONS COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT AND PROCESS - A low carbon emissions, combined cycle power plant utilizes vortex nozzles (12-23-2010
20100319353Multiple Fuel Circuits for Syngas/NG DLN in a Premixed Nozzle - A fuel/air premixer for use in a burner in a combustion system of an industrial gas turbine includes an air inlet, a fixed nozzle geometry, and an annular mixing passage. The fuel/air premixer mixes fuel and air in the annular mixing passage for injection into a combustor reaction zone. A plurality of fuel sources are connected with the fixed nozzle geometry, and each of the fuel sources is cooperable with the fixed nozzle geometry to effect multiple fuel flow variations including variations in fuel type, fuel blend, volumetric flow, and pressure ratios.12-23-2010
20100319352PRECHORDED TURBINE NOZZLE - A turbine nozzle includes radially inner and outer bands integrally joined to opposite ends of an airfoil. The outer band has forward and aft hooks extending radially outwardly at axially opposite ends. And the hooks have different prechorded circumferential curvatures.12-23-2010
20110107769IMPINGEMENT INSERT FOR A TURBOMACHINE INJECTOR - A turbomachine includes a compressor, a turbine operatively coupled to the compressor, and a combustion assembly fluidly linking the compressor and the turbine. The combustion assembly includes at least one injector having a burner tube including an outer wall portion and an inner wall portion that define a mixing zone. A swirler arranged within the mixing zone. The swirler includes a plurality of vanes, with at least one of the plurality of vanes having a wall section including an outer surface and an inner surface that define a hollow interior portion. An insert member is arranged within the hollow interior portion. The insert member includes at least one guide element that is disposed and configured to deliver a fluid flow to the hollow interior portion to flow over the wall section of the at least one of the plurality of vanes.05-12-2011
20110056208REVERSED-FLOW CORE FOR A TURBOFAN WITH A FAN DRIVE GEAR SYSTEM - A gas turbine engine comprises a fan drive gear system, a low spool connected to the fan drive gear system, and a high spool disposed aft of the low spool. The low spool comprises a rearward-flow low pressure compressor disposed aft of the fan drive gear system, and a forward-flow low pressure turbine disposed aft of the low pressure compressor. The high spool comprises a forward-flow high pressure turbine disposed aft of the low pressure turbine, a combustor disposed aft of the high pressure turbine, and a forward-flow high pressure compressor disposed aft of the combustor.03-10-2011
20110314830OIL SUPPLY SYSTEM WITH MAIN PUMP DEAERATION - An oil supply system for a gas turbine engine with a centrifugal air/oil separator in fluid communication with the scavenge system to receive the used oil mixture and extract oil and air therefrom, a supply pump in serial connection with the main oil outlet of the separator and in fluid communication with the bearing cavities to deliver the oil thereto, an oil tank in fluid communication with the overflow oil outlet of the separator, and at least one make-up pump having an inlet in fluid communication with the tank and having an outlet in fluid communication with the scavenge system.12-29-2011
20100242488 GAS TURBINE ENGINE AND METHOD OF OPERATION - Provided are gas turbine engines 09-30-2010
20120151933METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR FEEDING AND VENTILATING WITH AIR A PLANT OF AN AIRCRAFT AUXILIARY POWER UNIT - A system and a method for ventilating a plant including an auxiliary power unit (APU) in an aircraft compartment are disclosed. The compartment is ventilated in an independent manner with individualized air feeds to each item of equipment concerned. According to one embodiment, a system for feeding and ventilating an aircraft auxiliary power source plant includes an APU and items of equipment mounted in connection with the APU. The APU is fitted with an exhaust nozzle which leads into a gas discharger mounted outside the compartment. Separate and independent ducts channel air between air inlets made through the compartment, and the APU and items of equipment. At least one ventilation duct that is separate and independent from the other ducts is coupled to an air inlet of the compartment in order to ventilate the APU and the items of equipment of the plant.06-21-2012
20110314831SECONDARY WATER INJECTION FOR DIFFUSION COMBUSTION SYSTEMS - Emissions and combustion dynamics of a turbine engine are managed through a combustor system that injects water into the primary fuel flow and supplies a secondary water steam to the flame zone of the combustor through a central, secondary liquid nozzle or of the fuel nozzle assembly.12-29-2011
20120042657 METHOD AND DEVICE FOR FEEDING A TURBOMACHINE COMBUSTION CHAMBER WITH A REGULATED FLOW OF FUEL - High-pressure fuel is supplied at a controlled rate to a combustion chamber via a position-controlled valve and a variable-restriction stop-and-pressurizing cut-off valve. A value representative of the real mass flow rate of fuel as delivered is calculated by a calculation unit on the basis of information representative of the pressure difference between the inlet and the outlet of the cut-off valve and of the flow section through the cut-off valve, e.g. as represented by the position X of the slide of the cut-off valve. The position-controlled valve has a variable position that is controlled by the calculation unit as a function of the difference between the calculated value representative of the real mass flow rate and a value representative of a desired mass flow rate.02-23-2012
20120042656GAS TURBINE ENGINE WITH EXHAUST RANKINE CYCLE - A closed-loop organic Rankine cycle apparatus to extract waste heat from the exhaust gas from a gas turbine engine is disclosed wherein the closed loop includes at least one additional heat exchanger. An additional heat exchanger for heating fuel may be in one of three locations relative to the ORC turbine and condensing heat exchanger. One location is a preferred location for adding heat to all fuels (liquid, gaseous and/or cryogenic). Another location is a practical location for adding heat to very cold or cryogenic fuels such as CNG or LNG. The closed-loop organic Rankine cycle apparatus, besides extracting waste heat from the exhaust gases, may also include an additional heat exchanger to recover heat from a compressor on a gas turbine engine prior to entering an intercooler on a gas turbine engine.02-23-2012
20120204568Turbine Inlet Air System - The present application provides a turbine inlet air system. The turbine inlet air system may include a small droplet coalescer, a moisture eliminator positioned about the small droplet coalescer, and a filter downstream of the small droplet coalescer and the moisture eliminator.08-16-2012
20110154827TURBOFAN ENGINE WITH HP AND LP POWER OFF-TAKES - A turbofan gas turbine engine is provided having a unique power off-take shaft and gear system. Other gas turbine engine types are also contemplated herein. Two power off-takes are provided, one each for the low pressure spool and high pressure spool. The power off-takes extend across a core flow path of the turbofan engine between the low and high pressure shafts to a fan frame of the turbofan. A drive gear is provided near the front end of the high pressure shaft, and another drive gear is provided on the low pressure shaft near the drive gear for the high pressure shaft. Both gears are located in a sump of the gas turbine engine. The power off-take shafts are coupled to the drive gears. Two power devices are coupled to the power off-take shafts and are located in the fan frame. The power devices can be electric generators or motors.06-30-2011
20120006034HYBRID COOLING OF A GAS TURBINE ENGINE - A method for cooling components of a gas turbine engine, having first and second sets of components that require cooling, includes removing thermal energy from cooling air, directing the cooling air from which thermal energy has been removed to the first set of components of the gas turbine engine, and transferring thermal energy away from the second set of components of the gas turbine engine using a vaporization cycle of a vapor cooling assembly. Use of the vaporization cycle offsets thermal energy removed from the cooling air.01-12-2012
20120006033Combustor and Combustor Screech Mitigation Methods - The present application provides for a combustor for use with a gas turbine engine. The combustor may include a cap member and a number of fuel nozzles extending through the cap member. One or more of the fuel nozzles may be provided in a non-flush position with respect to the cap member.01-12-2012
20120006032SYSTEMS, METHODS, AND APPARATUS FOR CONFIRMING IGNITION IN A GAS TURBINE - Certain embodiments of the invention may include systems, methods, and apparatus for confirming ignition in a gas turbine. According to an example embodiment of the invention, a method is provided for confirming ignition associated with a gas turbine combustor. The method can include receiving one or more permissive signals associated with one or more gas flow control valves, receiving one or more fuel supply pressure signals, receiving one or more fuel igniter signals, and receiving one ore more compressor pressure discharge (CPD) signals. The method can also include determining an ignition status associated with the gas turbine combustor based at least in part on the one or more permissive signals, the one or more fuel supply pressure signals, the one or more fuel igniter signals, and a qualified change in the one or more CPD signals. The method can also include outputting an ignition status signal based on the determined ignition status.01-12-2012
20120011854FLAME TOLERANT SECONDARY FUEL NOZZLE - A combustor for a gas turbine engine includes a plurality of primary nozzles configured to diffuse or premix fuel into an air flow through the combustor; and a secondary nozzle configured to premix fuel with the air flow. Each premixing nozzle includes a center body, at least one vane, a burner tube provided around the center body, at least two cooling passages, a fuel cooling passage to cool surfaces of the center body and the at least one vane, and an air cooling passage to cool a wall of the burner tube. The cooling passages prevent the walls of the center body, the vane(s), and the burner tube from overheating during flame holding events.01-19-2012
20090314001METHOD OF STARTING AND STOPPING GAS TURBINE AND START-AND-STOP CONTROL DEVICE - An object of the present invention is to provide a method of starting and stopping a gas turbine and a start-and-stop control device, which are capable of solving a problem of a failure in normally igniting a fuel gas due to a purge gas (nitrogen gas) remaining in a fuel gas pipe and thereby igniting the fuel gas stably. For this purpose, the start-and-stop control device performs control at the time of starting the gas turbine by sequentially performing: first exhaust gas duct purge for pushing out a fuel gas remaining in an exhaust gas duct with compressed air from a compressor; fuel gas pipe purge for pushing out nitrogen gas remaining in a fuel gas pipe between a fuel gas shutoff valve and a combustor at the time of stopping the gas turbine by the fuel gas by opening a fuel gas shutoff valve; and second exhaust gas duct purge for pushing out the fuel gas remaining in the exhaust gas duct at the time of the fuel gas pipe purge by the compressed air from the compressor, and then the fuel gas is supplied to the combustor by opening the fuel gas shutoff valve again and ignited.12-24-2009
20120055166COMBINED CYCLE POWER AUGMENTATION BY EFFICIENT UTILIZATION OF ATOMIZING AIR ENERGY - A combined cycle power plant includes a gas turbine having a first compressor, a second compressor downstream of the first compressor, and a regenerative heat exchanger between the first and second compressors. A steam generator is downstream of the gas turbine and receives exhaust from the gas turbine. A closed loop cooling system through the regenerative heat exchanger and the steam generator transfers heat from the regenerative heat exchanger to the steam generator. A method for operating a combined cycle power plant includes compressing a working fluid in a compressor and cooling the compressed working fluid with a regenerative heat exchanger so as to create a cooled compressed working fluid. The method further includes transferring heat from the regenerative heat exchanger to a steam generator.03-08-2012
20120151932TRAPPED VORTEX COMBUSTOR AND METHOD OF OPERATING THEREOF - A trapped vortex combustor includes a trapped vortex cavity having a first surface and a second surface. A plurality of fluidic mixers are disposed circumferentially along the first surface and the second surface of the trapped vortex cavity. At least one fluidic mixer includes a first open end receiving a first fluid stream, a coanda profile in the proximity of the first open end, a fuel plenum to discharge a fuel stream over the coanda profile, and a second open end for receiving the mixture of the first fluid stream and the fuel stream and discharging the mixture of the first fluid stream and the fuel stream in the trapped vortex cavity. The coanda profile is configured to enable attachment of the fuel stream to the coanda profile to form a boundary layer of the fuel stream and, to entrain the incoming first fluid stream to the boundary layer of the fuel stream to form a mixture of the first fluid stream and the fuel stream.06-21-2012
20120102962HEAT EXCHANGER FOR A COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT - A combined cycle power plant includes a gas turbomachine, a steam turbomachine operatively connected to the gas turbomachine, a heat recovery steam generator (HRSG) operatively connected to the gas turbomachine and the steam turbomachine, and a cooling system fluidly connected to the gas turbomachine. The cooling system is configured and disposed to pass a coolant through the gas turbomachine to absorb heat. A condensate system is fluidly connected to the steam turbine and the HRSG. The condensate system is configured and disposed to deliver a steam condensate from the steam turbine to the HRSG. A heat exchange member is fluidly connected to the cooling system and the condensate system. The heat exchange member is configured and disposed to transfer heat entrained in the coolant to the steam condensate.05-03-2012
20120060504APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR COOLING A COMBUSTOR - A combustor includes a combustion chamber and an interior wall circumferentially surrounding at least a portion of the combustion chamber and defining an exterior surface. A plurality of turbulators are on the exterior surface. The combustor further includes means for preferentially directing fluid flow across a predetermined position of the turbulators. A method for cooling a combustion chamber includes locating a plurality of turbulators to an exterior surface of the combustion chamber and preferentially directing fluid flow across a predetermined position of the plurality of turbulators.03-15-2012
20120151934RECUPERATOR WITH WIRE MESH - A recuperator for use in transferring heat from gas turbine exhaust gases to compressed air inlet gases before combustion. The recuperator utilizes a plurality of planar or curved layers filled with metal wire mesh and bounded by thin metal sheets to form a heat exchanger having high effectiveness, low weight, and low pressure drop. The use of wire is a unique feature of the recuperator that makes it significantly low-cost compared with the prior art. Accordingly, the recuperator presented herein may be incorporated into a micro- or mini-turbine system for electric power generation or for developing thrust in airborne vehicles, aircraft, and helicopters.06-21-2012
20110094236SYSTEM AND METHOD OF USING A COMPRESSED AIR STORAGE SYSTEM WITH A GAS TURBINE - A power generation system includes a first compressor, a second compressor, a combustor configured to receive compressed air from the second compressor to produce an exhaust stream, a first turbine, and a power turbine. The first turbine is configured to receive the exhaust stream, generate a rotational power from the exhaust stream, output the rotational power to a second compressor, and output the exhaust stream. The system includes a coupling device configured to couple and decouple the first compressor to/from a second turbine, an electrical generator coupled to an output of the power turbine and configured to output electrical power, and a controller configured to cause the coupling device to mechanically decouple the second turbine from the first compressor, and cause the coupling device to direct compressed air from an air storage cavern to an inlet of the second compressor.04-28-2011
20110094234FUEL FLEXIBLE COMBUSTOR SYSTEMS AND METHODS - The present application provides a combustor. The combustor may include a number of nozzles, a first fuel source with a low reactivity fuel therein, a second fuel source with a high reactivity fuel therein, and a primary valve for varying the flow of the low reactivity fuel and the high reactivity fuel delivered to the nozzles.04-28-2011
20110094235COMBUSTOR HEADEND GUIDE VANES TO REDUCE FLOW MALDISTRIBUTION INTO MULTI-NOZZLE ARRANGEMENT - A combustor for a gas turbine includes a plurality of nozzles provided in an array; a baffle plate configured to provide a desired air flow distribution to the array of nozzles; and a casing comprising a plurality of holes in an outer surface. The casing extends from a headend of the combustor to the baffle plate. A method of distributing an air flow in a combustor of a gas turbine includes providing an air flow to the outer surface of the casing; directing the air flow around the baffle plate; and distributing the air flow through the baffle plate to the array of nozzles.04-28-2011
20110094237THERMAL POWER PLANT WITH CO2 SEQUESTRATION - A method for separation of CO04-28-2011
20120210721DISTRIBUTED BLEED SYSTEM TEMPERATURE MANAGEMENT - A distributed bleed system temperature management scheme utilizes a distributed, closed loop temperature protection function. By allowing consumer systems to limit the consumer flow to meet a specified bleed system outlet temperature (which may be different for each consumer or group of consumers), each system can be penalized according to their level of importance. The closed loop approach allows optimization of the performance reduction instead of relying on conservative assumptions as is done with conventional systems. In some embodiments, each consumer system may have a different temperature limit at which the consumed flow is limited to maintain a given bleed system exit temperature. The temperature setpoints may be separated by a minimum temperature, based on sensor and controls tolerances, to ensure that the flow limiting functions do not interact with each other.08-23-2012
20110088404REHEAT GAS TURBINE - An external-reheat gas turbine and method are disclosed. A gas turbine system can include a compressor, an expander, a combustor disposed between the compressor and the expander, a boiler disposed between the compressor and the expander, a conduit including chargeable air and in thermal communication with the boiler and an external free heat source coupled to the boiler.04-21-2011
20110179800METHOD FOR OPERATING A GAS TURBINE AND GAS TURBINE - A gas turbine (07-28-2011
20110179799SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR HIGH EFFICIENCY POWER GENERATION USING A CARBON DIOXIDE CIRCULATING WORKING FLUID - The present invention provides methods and system for power generation using a high efficiency combustor in combination with a CO07-28-2011
20120117975GAS TURBINE ENGINE SYSTEMS AND RELATED METHODS INVOLVING VANE-BLADE COUNT RATIOS GREATER THAN UNITY - An exemplary gas turbine engine includes a turbine section operative to impart rotational energy to a compressor section. The turbine section includes at least a low-pressure turbine and a high-pressure turbine, and a ratio of a number of stages in the low-pressure turbine to a number of stages in the high-pressure turbine is 2.05-17-2012
20120117974AIR FLOW DELIVERY AND FUEL CONSUMPTION CONTROL FOR AIRCRAFT AIR MANAGEMENT AND AUXILIARY POWER SYSTEMS - A turbine controller controls the operation of a gas turbine generator used to drive an electric generator of an aircraft. The turbine controller controls the gas turbine generator according to air flow demand signals indicative of air flow required by an air management system that regulates cabin pressure and temperature of the aircraft.05-17-2012
20120159958GAS TURBINE ENGINE FLOW PATH MEMBER - A gas turbine engine is disclosed having a compressor, combustor, and turbine and a flow path therethrough. A flow path member is disposed between an inner surface of the flow path and a rotating shaft that couples the compressor and turbine. The flow path member directs a cooling fluid along a path to cool a portion of the gas turbine engine between the inner surface and the rotating shaft. The flow path member is retained to permit radially free motion and can also be retained to permit axially free motion. The flow path member can have feed holes that permit the cooling fluid to pass.06-28-2012
20120159957WATER SELF-SUFFICIENT TURBINE SYSTEM - The present invention provides a water self-sufficient turbine system comprising: (a) a combustion turbine comprising a combustion chamber disposed between an upstream compressor coupled to a downstream turbine section; (b) a water recovery unit configured to contact a first liquid desiccant with a water-rich exhaust gas stream produced by the combustion turbine, and produce a water-enriched liquid desiccant and a water-depleted exhaust gas stream; and (c) a desiccant regenerator unit configured to contact the water-enriched liquid desiccant with hot compressed air to separate water from the water-enriched liquid desiccant to provide water-rich compressed air and to regenerate the first liquid desiccant; wherein the combustion turbine is configured to supply hot compressed air to the desiccant regenerator unit and receive water-rich compressed air from the desiccant regenerator unit, and wherein the desiccant regenerator unit is configured to supply the first liquid desiccant to the water recovery unit.06-28-2012
20120159959System and Method for Fuel and Air Mixing in a Gas Turbine - A gas turbine system including a source of gas coupled to a source of fuel wherein the gas and the fuel are combined to form a mixture of gas and fuel prior to the mixture being introduced to a fuel nozzle of the gas turbine system.06-28-2012
20100205974METHOD FOR COMPUTER-AIDED CONTROL AND/OR REGULATION USING NEURAL NETWORKS - A method for a computer-aided control of a technical system is provided. The method involves use of a cooperative learning method and artificial neural networks. In this context, feed-forward networks are linked to one another such that the architecture as a whole meets an optimality criterion. The network approximates the rewards observed to the expected rewards as an appraiser. In this way, exclusively observations which have actually been made are used in optimum fashion to determine a quality function. In the network, the optimum action in respect of the quality function is modeled by a neural network, the neural network supplying the optimum action selection rule for the given control problem. The method is specifically used to control a gas turbine.08-19-2010
20120210723GAS TURBINE GENERATOR SET - A gas turbine generator set includes a compressor unit including at least one compressor, at least one generator and at least one combustion chamber. Exhaust gases from at least one turbine are recirculated for a further thermal utilization. At least one cooling fluid compressor is configured to compress a cooling fluid including at least one of fresh air and a portion of the recirculated exhaust gases for a cooling of thermally loaded parts.08-23-2012
20120247115Gas compressor operating method and gas turbine equipped with gas compressor - In a method for operating a gas compressor which compresses gas whose supply conditions change and which is equipped with an intake-flow regulating mechanism, a limit pressure ratio that defines the operational upper limit of the pressure ratio relative to the intake flow rate of the gas compressor or the degree of opening of the intake-flow regulating mechanism to prevent surging in the gas compressor is corrected by multiplying a reference limit pressure ratio calculated from the design conditions of the gas compressor by a first correction factor calculated depending on a detected operating-state value of the gas compressor.10-04-2012
20120247116METHOD FOR SWITCHING OVER A GAS TURBINE BURNER OPERATION FROM LIQUID TO GAS FUEL AND VICE-VERSA - A method is provided for switching over a gas turbine burner operation from liquid fuel to gas fuel and vice-versa, with the burner comprising nozzles for feeding a premixed gas fuel, nozzles for injecting a pilot gas fuel and nozzles for injecting a liquid fuel. According to the method, while the liquid fuel and the premix gas fuel are regulated to switch over from liquid fuel to gas fuel operation or vice-versa, the pilot gas fuel is controlled at a substantially constant flow rate.10-04-2012
20100287943METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR INDUCING COMBUSTION DYNAMICS - Methods and systems are provided for inducing combustion dynamics within turbine engines to remove combustion deposits within the turbine engine during operation of the turbine engine.11-18-2010
20120131925COMBUSTOR SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR USING SAME - Systems and methods for an oxy-fuel type combustion reaction are provided. In one or more embodiments, a combustion system can include at least two mixing zones, where a first mixing zone at least partially mixes oxygen and carbon dioxide to produce a first mixture and a second mixing zone at least partially mixes the first mixture with a fuel to produce a second mixture. The combustion system can also include a combustion zone configured to combust the second mixture to produce a combustion product. In one or more embodiments, the first mixture can have a spatially varied ratio of oxygen-to-carbon dioxide configured to generate a hot zone in the combustion zone to increase flame stability in the combustion zone.05-31-2012
20120210724METHOD OF MATCHING THERMAL RESPONSE RATES BETWEEN A STATOR AND A ROTOR AND FLUIDIC THERMAL SWITCH FOR USE THEREWITH - A method for mitigating restart pinch during a hot restart. The method comprises providing a gas turbine engine including a stator and a rotor rotatably situated within the casing of the stator and providing an external heat source capable of selectively supplying auxiliary heat to the casing. The method further comprises operating the gas turbine engine for a first period of time at a steady state condition without supplying the auxiliary heat to the casing and supplying the auxiliary heat to the casing for a second period of time when shutting down the gas turbine after operating at the steady state condition for the first period of time.08-23-2012
20120131924Gas Turbine Combustor and Fuel Supply Method Used for the Same - An object of the invention is to provide a reliable gas turbine combustor that can provide lowered NOx and combustion stability. The gas turbine combustor includes a combustion chamber to which fuel and air are supplied; a first burner located on the upstream side of the combustion chamber, the first burner jetting fuel into the combustion chamber and jetting air into the combustion chamber in a swirling manner; a plurality of second burners arranged around the first burner and supplying a premixed gas of air and fuel to the combustion chamber; an annular bulkhead disposed between the first burner and the second burners and having an inclined surface formed to broaden toward the downstream side of the combustion chamber; and a plurality of air jet ports formed in the inclined surface of the annular bulkhead and adapted to jet air into the combustion chamber.05-31-2012
20120131923SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR PREMIXER WAKE AND VORTEX FILLING FOR ENHANCED FLAME-HOLDING RESISTANCE - A combustion system premixer includes one or more streamwise vortex generators configured to passively redirect surrounding high velocity air into at least one of wake and vortex regions within a combustion system fuel nozzle in response to air passing through the premixer. The streamwise vortex generators operate to minimize turbulent flow structures, thus improving air/fuel mixing, and enhancing resistance to flame-holding and flash-back within the premixer.05-31-2012
20120312024LATE LEAN INJECTION WITH ADJUSTABLE AIR SPLITS - A gas turbine engine is provided and includes a combustor having a first interior in which a first fuel is combustible, a turbine into which products of at least the combustion of the first fuel are receivable, a transition zone, including a second interior in which a second fuel and the products of the combustion of the first fuel are combustible, a plurality of fuel injectors which are configured to supply the second fuel to the second interior in any one of a single axial stage, multiple axial stages, a single axial circumferential stage and multiple axial circumferential stages, a compressor, by which air is supplied to the first and second interiors for the combustion therein, and a control system configured to control relative amounts of the air to the first and second interiors and relative amounts of the first and second fuels supplied to the first and second interiors.12-13-2012
20120210722APPARATUS, METHOD, AND SYSTEM FOR SEPARATING PARTICLES FROM A FLUID STREAM - A rotating machine and associated method is disclosed that includes one or more cooling channels for providing a cooling fluid to a component. The cooling channels pass through a rotating component. The rotating machine further includes one or more particle separation slots in the rotating component in fluid communication with the one or more channels for removing particulate contamination.08-23-2012
20120167577GAS TURBINE SYSTEM AND PROCESS - A gas turbine system and process include a compressor component configured to compress fluid to form a compressed fluid stream, a combustor configured to receive at least a first portion of the compressed fluid stream and at least partially combust a syngas to form a combustor discharge stream, and a turbine component positioned to receive the combustor discharge stream and to form a turbine component stream. In the system and process, a cool stream directed from a second system cools the turbine component stream.07-05-2012
20120167578FLAME HOLDING INHIBITOR FOR A LEAN PRE-NOZZLE FUEL INJECTION DIFFUSER AND RELATED METHOD - A flame holding inhibitor includes a base portion and an upstanding support extending away from the base portion; at least one delta-wing-shaped flap on the upstanding support, each having a relatively pointed end and a relatively broad end.07-05-2012
20100050653COMBUSTOR SYSTEM AND METHOD OF REDUCING COMBUSTION INSTABILITY AND/OR EMISSIONS OF A COMBUSTOR SYSTEM - A combustor system including a combustion chamber and at least one burner connected to the combustion chamber is provided. The combustion chamber includes a flow entrance which connects the burner to the combustion chamber, a flow exit through which combustion gases exit the combustion chamber, a chamber volume which extends between the flow entrance and the flow exit, and an inner chamber wall separating a cooling fluid channel from the chamber volume. A fuel supply line is present in the cooling fluid channel for supplying fuel to the cooling fluid. A method for reducing combustion instability and/or emissions of a combustor system is also provided.03-04-2010
20100050652Method of Controlling a Fuel Split - A method of controlling a fuel split of a pilot fuel flow and a main fuel flow in a gas turbine combustor during a load reduction is provided. The rate of change of fuel flow demand is monitored and an additional pilot fuel flow is added. The amount of additional pilot fuel flow depends on the rate of the change in fuel flow demand.03-04-2010
20100024430METHOD FOR OPERATING A FIRING SYSTEM - A method for operating a firing system with a combustion chamber, in which a fuel is preheated and is supplied in the preheated state for combustion in the combustion chamber. The preheated temperature of the fuel is set higher for a part load of the firing system than with a basic load. In addition, the preheated temperature of the fuel is set using a variable obtained from the combustion in particular a load of the firing system. A firing system is also provided.02-04-2010
20090056342Methods and Systems for Gas Turbine Part-Load Operating Conditions - A method and system for operating at partial load a gas turbine system having a compressor, a combustor, and a turbine. The method and system may include the steps of lowering a flow of fuel to the combustor, extracting air from the compressor so as to lower a flow of air to the compressor, and returning the extracted air to the turbine or a component of the gas turbine system other than the combustor. Extracting air from the compressor raises a combustion temperature within the combustor. Raising the combustion temperature maintains a combustion exhaust below a predetermined level, maintains stable combustion, and extends turbine turndown values.03-05-2009
20090056341METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR FACILITATING COOLING OF A STEAM TURBINE COMPONENT - A method of operating a power plant is provided. The method includes channeling saturated steam at a first pressure to a pressure control device, superheating the steam by decreasing the pressure of the saturated steam from the first pressure to a second pressure using the pressure control device, and channeling the superheated steam towards a steam turbine component to facilitate cooling the component.03-05-2009
20120312023THERMAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR AUXILIARY POWER UNITS - An auxiliary power unit (APU) is provided and configured to be mounted in an APU compartment that defines an inlet opening. The APU includes a power section having components lubricated with oil; an intake duct coupled to the inlet opening and the power section and configured to direct a first portion of air flow through the inlet opening into the power section; an oil cooler coupled to the power section and configured to cool the oil of the power unit; a cooling duct coupled to the oil cooler and the intake opening; an inlet door mounted at the inlet opening and configured to open and close the inlet opening, the inlet door further configured to be positioned in at least a first open position and a second open position; and a thermal management system configured to adjust the inlet door between the first open position and the second open position based on one or more operating temperatures within the APU.12-13-2012
20120073304TURBOMACHINE INCLUDING A CERAMIC MATRIX COMPOSITE (CMC) BRIDGE - A turbomachine includes a turbine section including a turbine inlet. A transition piece includes a transition piece inlet and a transition piece outlet. A ceramic matrix composite (CMC) bridge member links the transition piece outlet and the turbine inlet.03-29-2012
20120186262GAS TURBINE COMBUSTOR AND METHOD FOR OPERATING - A combustor for a gas turbine engine includes a radially inboard liner, a radially outboard liner, and a bulkhead that cooperatively define an annular combustion chamber, a plurality of first fuel injectors that are disposed in the bulkhead, and a plurality of second fuel injectors that are disposed in at least one of the inboard liner and the outboard liner aftward of the bulkhead. A method is also provided for operating the combustor of the gas turbine engine wherein fuel distribution between the forward combustion zone and the downstream combustion zone is selectively varied in response to the power operating mode of the gas turbine engine with an objective to control NOx formation.07-26-2012
20120186261SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR A GAS TURBINE EXHAUST DIFFUSER - In one aspect, an exhaust diffuser for a gas turbine is disclosed. The exhaust diffuser may generally include an inner casing and an outer casing spaced radially apart from the inner casing so as to define a passage for receiving exhaust gases of the gas turbine. Additionally, the exhaust diffuser may include a fluid outlet configured to inject a fluid into the exhaust gases flowing through the passage.07-26-2012
20120317988SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR IMPROVING THE EFFICIENCY OF A COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT - Systems and methods for improving the efficiency of a power generation facility utilize heat energy to preheat inlet-air that is supplied to the compressor of a turbine or to preheat fuel that is burned in the turbine. The heat energy used to preheat the inlet-air can be drawn from a heat recovery steam generator (HRSG) that produces steam using at least part of the exhaust gas of the turbine. The heat energy can be obtained from one or more predetermined points within the HRSG, such as a feed water line exiting a drum of the HRSG or a feed line connecting an economizer of the HRSG to a drum of the HRSG. The fluid drawn from the predetermined point passes through a heat exchanger or a preheater to remove the heat energy used for preheating. The fluid is then returned to the HRSG immediately downstream from the point from which it was drawn.12-20-2012
20120227410ACTIVE PATTERN FACTOR CONTROL FOR GAS TURBINE ENGINES - A method of actively controlling pattern factor in a gas turbine engine includes the steps of issuing fuel into a combustion chamber of a gas turbine engine through one or more circumferentially disposed fuel injectors, determining an initial circumferential pattern factor in the combustion chamber, and adjusting fuel flow through one or more selected fuel injectors based on the initial circumferential pattern factor, to yield a modified circumferential pattern factor in the combustion chamber. The step of determining the circumferential pattern factor can include the steps of detecting a chemiluminescent signature within the combustor, correlating the chemiluminescent signature to an equivalence ratio, and computing the initial circumferential pattern factor based on the equivalence ratio. Alternatively, the step of determining the circumferential pattern factor can include the steps of measuring temperatures at a plurality of circumferential positions at the combustor exit and computing the initial circumferential pattern factor based on the measured temperatures.09-13-2012
20120227409AIRCRAFT FUEL SYSTEM COOLING FLOW DEVICE - A cooling system includes a housing having an aperture intersecting a passage that includes first and second passage portions. A plug is arranged in the aperture in an interference fit in a first position at a first temperature condition to block the passage and fluidly separate the first and second passage portions. A biasing element is arranged in the housing and is configured to move the plug from the first position to a second position at a second temperature condition to fluidly connect the first and second passage portions.09-13-2012
20120260662RADIATION SHIELD FOR A GAS TURBINE COMBUSTOR - A method is disclosed for directing flow to a combustor embedded in a recuperator while shielding the recuperator from radiative heat transfer from the combustor. The radiation heat shield also serves as a structural component to center the combustor within the recuperator core cavity and to allow motion between the combustor and recuperator as temperatures vary. The disclosure is illustrated by the example a gas turbine engine comprising three turbomachinery spools, an intercooler, a recuperator and a combustor. Thermal efficiency of such an engine can be increased by raising the high pressure turbine inlet temperature. It is a specific goal of the present disclosure to reduce radiative heating of a recuperator by a combustor which is housed substantially inside the recuperator.10-18-2012
20120260664FUEL INJECTOR ARRANGEMENT HAVING AN IGNITER - An arrangement for a combustion chamber the arrangement comprising a combustion chamber, an injector for injecting fuel into the combustion chamber and an igniter for supplying a spark for igniting fuel so injected, wherein the injector has a passage through which air is supplied to the combustion chamber in use, the igniter being positioned upstream of the combustion chamber such that a spark generated by the igniter is conveyed along the passage by the injector air.10-18-2012
20120260663FUEL SUPPLY ARRANGEMENT - A fuel supply arrangement for supplying fuel to a turbine engine, the arrangement having a fuel injector in fluidical connection with a first manifold via a first conduit and a second fuel manifold via a second conduit, wherein the first conduit is in fluidical connection with a valve having two outlets, the first outlet fluidically connecting the valve with at least one pilot vent in the injector, and the second outlet fluidically connecting the valve with at least one main vent in the injector via a second valve, the second conduit in fluidical connection with at least one further main vent in the injector via a third valve.10-18-2012
20120260661COMPRESSION RAMP BOUNDARY LAYER REMOVAL - An inlet for removal of a boundary layer from an incoming air flow of an engine is disclosed. The inlet includes at least one compression element proximate to an inlet aperture of the engine. The compression element is selectably moveable between a first position and a second position along an axis. A boundary layer removal aperture is open when the compression element is in the first position and the boundary layer removal aperture is closed when the compression element is in the second position.10-18-2012
20120260660Stoichiometric Exhaust Gas Recirculation Combustor - The present application provides a stoichiometric exhaust gas recovery turbine system. The stoichiometric exhaust gas recovery turbine system may include a main compressor for compressing a flow of ambient air, a turbine, and a stoichiometric exhaust gas recovery combustor. The stoichiometric exhaust gas recovery combustor may include a combustion liner, an extended flow sleeve in communication with the main compressor, and an extraction port in communication with the turbine. The extended flow sleeve receives the flow of ambient air from the main compressor so as to cool the combustion liner and then the flow of ambient air splits into an extraction flow to the turbine via the extraction port and a combustion flow within the combustion liner.10-18-2012
20100326082METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR COMBUSTOR FUEL CIRCUIT FOR ULTRA LOW CALORIFIC FUELS - A method for controlling a gas turbine combustion system includes supplying an ultra low calorific fuel to a combustor of the combustion system through a first fuel circuit, controlling a supply of the ultra low calorific fuel through a second fuel circuit as required to control the volumetric flow of the ultra low calorific fuel through the combustor, and combusting the ultra low calorific fuel in the combustor.12-30-2010
20100326081METHOD FOR MITIGATING A FUEL SYSTEM TRANSIENT - The present invention takes the form of a method that may reduce the effect of a transient of a fuel system. Essentially, an embodiment of the present invention incorporates a pressure control cell (PCC) with the fuel system. The PCC may be considered an additional volume that removes some of the fuel remaining in the fuel system during a transient event. During a transient event, when a rapid reduction of fuel is required for a fuel circuit, fuel may be allowed to exit a manifold of the fuel system and enter the PCC. This fuel may now be stored within the PCC and may no longer be available to the combustion can. A benefit of the present invention may be a reduced possibility of an undesired increase in rotor speed, and a lean blowout event.12-30-2010
20120297788Method of determining a combustor exit temperature and method of controlling a gas turbine - A method of determining an exit temperature of a gas exiting a combustor of a gas turbine includes determining a mass flow and a temperature of fuel being delivered to the combustor; determining a mass flow and a temperature of air being delivered to the combustor, determining a temperature dependence of the specific heat capacity of a burnt mixture of the fuel and the air being delivered to the combustor; and determining an exit temperature of the burnt mixture exiting the combustor. The exit temperature is determined based on the determined mass flow and temperature of the fuel, the determined mass flow and temperature of the air, and the determined temperature dependence of the specific heat capacity of the burnt mixture.11-29-2012
20120297787FLOW STRAIGHTENER AND MIXER - A combined flow straightener and mixer is disclosed as well as a burner for a combustion chamber of a gas turbine having such a mixing device. At least two streamlined bodies are arranged in a structure comprising the side walls of the mixer. The leading edge area of each streamlined body has a profile, which is oriented parallel to a main flow direction prevailing at the leading edge position, and with reference to a central plane of the streamlined bodies, the trailing edges are provided with at least two lobes in opposite transverse directions. The periodic deflections forming the lobes from two adjacent streamlined bodies are out of phase.11-29-2012
20120297786SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR FLOW CONTROL IN GAS TURBINE ENGINE - A system includes a gas turbine combustor, which includes a combustion liner disposed about a combustion region, a flow sleeve disposed about the combustion liner, an air passage between the combustion liner and the flow sleeve, a fuel injector disposed downstream of the combustion liner and the flow sleeve, a liner mount extending between the combustion liner and the flow sleeve, and a crossfire tube extending between the combustion liner and the flow sleeve. The fuel injector, the liner mount, and the crossfire tube are aligned with one another in a flow enhancing arrangement along a common axis in an axial direction relative to an axis of the gas turbine combustor. The flow enhancing arrangement reduces an air flow disturbance caused by the fuel injector, the liner mount, and the crossfire tube.11-29-2012
20120297785SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR FLOW CONTROL IN GAS TURBINE ENGINE - A system includes a gas turbine combustor, which includes a combustion liner disposed about a combustion region, a flow sleeve disposed about the combustion liner, an air passage between the combustion liner and the flow sleeve, and a structure between the combustion liner and the flow sleeve. The structure obstructs an airflow through the air passage. The gas turbine combustor also includes a wake reducer disposed adjacent the structure. The wake reducer directs a flow into a wake region downstream of the structure.11-29-2012
20120297784SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR FLOW CONTROL IN GAS TURBINE ENGINE - A system includes a gas turbine combustor, which includes a combustion liner disposed about a combustion region, a flow sleeve disposed about the combustion liner, an air passage between the combustion liner and the flow sleeve, and an airflow guide vane disposed in the air passage. The airflow guide vane includes an upstream vane portion and a downstream vane portion. The upstream vane portion is oriented at an angle from an axial axis of the gas turbine combustor. The downstream vane portion is aligned with the axial axis. The airflow guide vane is configured to remove a circumferential swirl of an airflow upstream of the airflow guide vane to straighten the airflow downstream of the airflow guide vane along the axial axis.11-29-2012
20120297783SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR FLOW CONTROL IN GAS TURBINE ENGINE - A system includes a gas turbine combustor, which includes a combustion liner disposed about a combustion region, a flow sleeve disposed about the combustion liner, an air passage between the combustion liner and the flow sleeve, and a structure extending between the combustion liner and the flow sleeve. The structure obstructs an airflow path through the air passage. The gas turbine combustor also includes an aerodynamic wake reducer configured to redirect an airflow around the structure to reduce a wake region downstream of the structure.11-29-2012
20120297782SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR TURBINE COMBUSTOR MOUNTING ASSEMBLY - A system includes a gas turbine combustor, which includes a combustion liner disposed about a combustion region, a flow sleeve disposed about the combustion liner, an air passage between the combustion liner and the flow sleeve, and an aerodynamic mounting assembly disposed in the air passage. The aerodynamic mounting assembly is configured to retain the combustion liner within the flow sleeve. The aerodynamic mounting assembly includes a flow sleeve mount coupled to the flow sleeve and a liner stop coupled to the combustion liner. The flow sleeve mount includes a first portion of an aerodynamic shape and the liner stop includes a second portion of the aerodynamic shape, which is configured to direct an airflow into a wake region downstream of the aerodynamic mounting assembly. The flow sleeve mount and the liner stop couple with one another to define the aerodynamic shape.11-29-2012
20120297781HEATING SYSTEM FOR USE IN A TURBINE ENGINE AND METHOD OF OPERATING SAME - A method of operating a turbine engine including coupling a heating assembly to the turbine engine for selectively heating a compressor casing. A sensor transmits a first monitoring signal indicative of a speed of a rotor assembly to a controller. The controller determines whether the turbine engine is operating in a first operating mode based at least in part on the received first monitoring signal, wherein during the first operating mode a minimum clearance distance is defined between the rotor assembly and the compressor casing. The compressor casing of the turbine engine is heated to increase the clearance distance between the compressor casing and the rotor assembly, if the turbine engine is in the first operating mode.11-29-2012
20120297780ACTIVE FUEL TEMPERATURE CONTROL - A system for managing fuel temperature in an engine includes a source of hot pressurized air and a turbine for converting hot pressurized air into cool expanded air. The system further includes a fuel tank for storing fuel, a fuel conduit fluidly connected to the fuel tank, and a first heat exchanger located on the fuel conduit. The first heat exchanger places the cool expanded air from the turbine in a heat exchange relationship with the fuel, thereby cooling the fuel.11-29-2012
20120317990SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR DETECTING COMBUSTOR CASING FLAME HOLDING IN A GAS TURBINE ENGINE - In a gas turbine engine that includes a compressor and a combustor, wherein the combustor includes a primary fuel injector within a fuel nozzle and a secondary fuel injector that is upstream of the fuel nozzle and configured to inject fuel into a flow annulus of the combustor, a method for detecting a flame holding condition about a fuel injector. The method may include the steps of: detecting an upstream pressure upstream of the secondary fuel injector; detecting a downstream pressure downstream of the secondary fuel injector; determining a measured pressure difference between the upstream pressure and the downstream pressure; and comparing the measured pressure difference to an expected pressure difference.12-20-2012
20120317989SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR COMBUSTOR EMISSIONS CONTROL - The present application thus provides a gas turbine engine system. The gas turbine engine system may include a gas turbine engine, a nitrogen oxides reduction system in communication with a flow of combustion gases downstream from the gas turbine engine, and a nitrogen oxides controller to control the ratio of nitrogen dioxide to nitrogen oxides in the flow of combustion gases entering the nitrogen oxides reduction system.12-20-2012
20120079830SENSOR COMMUNICATION SYSTEM AND MACHINE HAVING THE SAME - A sensor communication system includes an electromagnetic waveguide disposed adjacent to at least one component of a machine. The electromagnetic waveguide can be configured to convey a fluid within the machine. The sensor communication system can also include a sensor assembly, which includes a sensor operable to sense at least one condition and a transmitter at least partially positioned in the electromagnetic waveguide. The transmitter can be operatively coupled to the sensor and be operable to emit a signal corresponding to the at least one condition sensed by the sensor. The sensor communication system can also include a receiver at least partially positioned in the electromagnetic waveguide and operable to wirelessly receive the signal emitted by the transmitter.04-05-2012
20120079829TURBOMACHINE INCLUDING A MIXING TUBE ELEMENT HAVING A VORTEX GENERATOR - A turbomachine includes a compressor section, a combustor operatively connected to the compressor section, an end cover mounted to the combustor, and an injection nozzle assembly operatively connected to the combustor. The injection nozzle assembly includes a plurality of mixing tube elements. Each of the plurality of mixing tube elements includes a conduit having a first fluid inlet, a second fluid inlet arranged downstream from the first fluid inlet, a discharge end arranged downstream from the first and second fluid inlets, and a vortex generator arranged between the first and second fluid inlets. The vortex generator is configured and disposed to create multiple vortices within the conduit to mix first and second fluids passing through each of the plurality of mixing tube elements.04-05-2012
20110265485FLUID COOLED INJECTION NOZZLE ASSEMBLY FOR A GAS TURBOMACHINE - A turbomachine includes a fluid cooled injection nozzle assembly. The fluid cooled injection nozzle assembly includes an inner conduit portion that includes a body portion having first end portion to a tip end portion. The body portion includes an outer surface and an inner surface. A cooling element extends through the inner conduit portion. The cooling element includes a body element having a first end section that extends to a second end section. The body element includes an outer surface and an inner surface that defines a cooling passage. The outer surface of the body element is spaced from the inner surface of the inner conduit portion to define a return channel. Fluid passing through the cooling passage impinges upon and convectively cools the tip end portion, enters the return channel and is directed out from the nozzle member.11-03-2011
20120279228GAS COOLER AND METHOD FOR COOLING GAS - There is disclosed a gas cooler 11-08-2012
20120279226HULA SEAL WITH PREFERENTIAL COOLING - An annular seal for use between coupled combustor components includes a segmented annular solid edge portion and a plurality of alternating spring fingers and slots extending from the solid edge portion and arranged about a circumference of the solid edge portion, wherein one or more of the plurality of spring fingers or one or more of the plurality of straight and angled slots have non-uniform width dimensions.11-08-2012
20120279227METHOD FOR THE CAPTURE AND DISPOSAL OF CARBON DIOXIDE IN AN ENERGY CONVERSION PROCESS - An energy conversion process that also exports by-product CO11-08-2012
20120090328POWER PLANT - A power plant includes a gas turbine unit adapted to feed whose flue gases into a boiler of a steam turbine unit, to be then diverted into a recirculated flow and discharged flow. The recirculated flow is mixed with fresh air forming a mixture that is fed into a gas turbine unit compressor. The discharged flow is fed into a CO04-19-2012
20120090327POWER PLANT AND METHOD FOR ITS OPERATION - The power plant includes a gas turbine unit adapted to feed flue gases into a diverter where they are divided into a recirculated flow and a discharged flow. The recirculated flow is fed into a mixer together with fresh air to form a mixture that is fed to the gas turbine unit. The gas turbine unit includes a combustion chamber where a fuel is burnt together with the mixture. A control unit is provided, that is supplied with information regarding the fuel C2+ and/or H04-19-2012
20120090326POWER PLANT - A power plant includes a gas turbine unit adapted to feed flue gases into a diverter where they are divided into a recirculated flow that is fed into a mixer together with fresh air to form a mixture that is fed to a gas turbine unit compressor inlet, and a discharged flow, that is fed into a CO04-19-2012
20120324899OIL BYPASS CHANNEL DEAERATOR FOR A GEARED TURBOFAN ENGINE - An assembly includes a gas turbine engine, a compartment wall, and a gutter system. The gas turbine engine has a spool connected to a fan shaft via a gear system. The compartment wall is positioned radially outward from the gear system. The gutter system is positioned radially outward from the gear system for capturing lubricating liquid slung from the gear system and positioned radially inward of the compartment wall. The gutter system includes a gutter and a flow passage fluidically connected to the gutter. The flow passage has a plurality of holes that allow the lubricating liquid to pass through the flow passage into a space between the flow passage and the compartment wall.12-27-2012
20120324901TANDEM FAN-TURBINE ROTOR FOR A TIP TURBINE ENGINE - A tandem fan-turbine rotor assembly for a tip turbine engine includes a hollow fan blade rotor and a solid fan blade rotor. The hollow fan blade rotor includes a first fan blade rotor hub, hollow fan blades, and an inducer. The solid fan blade rotor includes a second fan blade rotor hub, solid fan blades, an exo-ring, and tip turbine blades. The exo-ring connects the solid fan blades at their maximum outward radial extent. The tip turbine blades are connected to the exo-ring and extend radially outward from the exo-ring. The hollow fan blade rotor and the solid fan blade rotor rigidly attach to each other at the first and second fan blade rotor hubs.12-27-2012
20120324900PHASE AND AMPLITUDE MATCHED FUEL INJECTOR - A fuel injector for a turbine engine may include a body member disposed about a longitudinal axis, and a barrel member located radially outwardly from the body member. The fuel injector may also include an annular passageway extending between the body member and the barrel member from a first end to a second end. The first end may be configured to be fluidly coupled to a compressor of the turbine engine and the second end may be configured to be fluidly coupled to a combustor of the turbine engine. The fuel injector may also include a perforated plate positioned proximate the first end of the passageway. The perforated plate may be configured to direct compressed air into the annular passageway with a first pressure drop. The fuel injector may also include at least one fuel discharge orifice positioned downstream of the perforated plate. The at least one fuel discharge orifice may be configured to discharge a fuel into the annular passageway with a second pressure drop. The second pressure drop may have a value between about the first pressure drop and about 1.75 times the first pressure drop.12-27-2012
20120324903HIGH EFFICIENCY COMPACT GAS TURBINE ENGINE - This disclosure relates to a highly efficient gas turbine engine architecture utilizing multiple stages of intercooling and reheat, ceramic technology, turbocharger technology and high pressure combustion. The approach includes utilizing a conventional dry low NOx combustor for the main combustor and thermal reactors for the reheat apparatuses. In a first configuration, there are three separate turbo-compressor spools and a free power turbine spool. In a second configuration, there are three separate turbo-compressor spools but no free power spool. In a third configuration, all the compressors and turbines are on a single shaft. Each of these configurations can include two stages of intercooling, two stages of reheat and a recuperator to preheat the working fluid before it enters the main combustor.12-27-2012
20120324902METHOD OF MAINTAINING SURFACE-RELATED PROPERTIES OF GAS TURBINE COMBUSTOR COMPONENTS - A method and coating for maintaining surface-related properties of a gas turbine combustor component having a wall formed of a nickel-base alloy containing a gamma prime precipitate strengthening phase, interior and exterior surfaces defined by the wall, and at least one hole in the wall that fluidically connects the interior and exterior surfaces of the combustor component. A diffusion coating composition is applied at least within the hole, and then heated to form a diffusion aluminide coating in at least an in-wall surface region of the wall that surrounds and defines the hole. The aluminiding coating forms a diffusion zone that contains a sufficient amount of aluminum intermetallics to inhibit depletion of the gamma prime precipitates in the wall and inhibit degradation and cracking in the in-wall surface region surrounding the hole.12-27-2012
20100146981Turbine Inlet Air Heat Pump-Type System - A heating and cooling system for inlet air of a turbine compressor. The heating and cooling system may include a thermal energy storage tank charging loop, a cooling loop in communication with the thermal energy storage charging loop, and a heating loop in communication with the cooling loop and the inlet air of the turbine compressor.06-17-2010
20130008170SUBSONIC SWEPT FAN BLADE - A gas turbine engine includes a spool, a turbine coupled to drive the spool, a propulsor coupled to be driven at a at a design speed by the turbine through the spool, and a gear assembly coupled between the propulsor and the spool. Rotation of the turbine drives the propulsor at a different speed than the spool. The propulsor includes a hub and a row of propulsor blades that extend from the hub. Each of the propulsor blades includes an airfoil body. The leading edge of the airfoil body has a swept profile such that, at the design speed, a component of a relative velocity vector of a working gas that is normal to the leading edge is subsonic along the entire radial span.01-10-2013
20130014513CONNECTION FOR GENERATOR IN A GAS TURBINE ENGINEAANM Barnett; BarryAACI MarkhamAACO CAAAGP Barnett; Barry Markham CAAANM Alecu; DanielAACI TorontoAACO CAAAGP Alecu; Daniel Toronto CAAANM Eleftheriou; AndreasAACI WoodbridgeAACO CAAAGP Eleftheriou; Andreas Woodbridge CA - A gas turbine engine having an electric generator includes a transmission shaft extending along a longitudinal axis of the engine and drivingly interconnecting a turbine shaft of the engine and a rotor shaft of the electric generator. The transmission shaft is engaged by splined mating connections with the turbine shaft and the rotor shaft. The transmission shaft has a shear neck defining a reduced radial wall thickness with respect to a remainder of the transmission shaft such as to provide a weakened region of the transmission shaft. An annular support structure, concentric with and surrounding the transmission shaft, is axially located between the shear neck and a forward end of the transmission shaft engaged to the turbine shaft, and includes a bearing operable to rotationally support the transmission shaft.01-17-2013
20130014512Ceramic Matrix Composite Combustor Vane Ring AssemblyAANM Jarmon; David C.AACI KensingtonAAST CTAACO USAAGP Jarmon; David C. Kensington CT USAANM Smith; Peter G.AACI WallingfordAAST CTAACO USAAGP Smith; Peter G. Wallingford CT US - A vane assembly has an outer support ring, an inner support ring, an outer liner ring, an inner liner ring, and a circumferential array of vanes. Each vane has a shell extending from an inboard end to an outboard end and at least partially through an associated aperture in the inner liner ring and an associated aperture in the outer liner ring. There is at least one of: an outer compliant member compliantly radially positioning the vane; and an inner compliant member compliantly radially positioning the vane.01-17-2013
20110146289POWER EXTRACTION METHOD - A method of extracting power is disclosed comprising the steps of generating a pressurized airflow, directing a first portion of the pressurized airflow towards a tip-fan of an aft fan stage, directing a second portion of the pressurized airflow towards a circumferential row of air-turbine blades of the aft fan stage to drive the aft fan stage and driving an external load using the aft fan stage and a power drive system.06-23-2011
20110146288METHOD OF CONTROLLING A FUEL FLOW TO A TURBOMACHINE - An embodiment of the invention applies a physics based approach to determine the mass flowrate of the fuel required for a robust ignition mode. This approach uses a closed-loop controls methodology. Here, a turbine control system receives a plurality of operating data. The turbine control system utilizes at least one algorithm, which applies an energy balance to the received operating data. The operating data may include, but is not limited to, airflow data, data from the fuel system, data related to the shaft work, exhaust data, and data related to the heat loss. This energy balance is used to determine the required mass flow rate.06-23-2011
20110146287ADJUSTING MOTOR POWER - An example power management arrangement includes a motor controller configured to communicate power to a motor drive bridge to drive a motor. The motor controller is configurable to selectively receive power from each of a first power supply and a second power supply. The voltage of the power from the first power supply is different than a voltage of the power from the second power supply. An example power adjusting method includes receiving power at a motor controller, adjusting a voltage of the received power using the motor controller, communicating the power with the adjusted voltage from the motor controller to a motor drive bridge to drive a motor.06-23-2011
20130019603INSERT FOR GAS TURBINE ENGINE COMBUSTOR - A combustor of a gas turbine engine includes a heat shield panel mounted to a support shell and an insert adjacent to the support shell and the heat shield panel.01-24-2013
20130019605METHOD FOR OPERATING A FIRING PLANT - A method for operating a firing plant with at least one combustion chamber and at least one burner, especially a gas turbine, includes an operating characteristic for operating the combustion chamber close to the lean extinction limit defined as a burner group staging ratio (BGV01-24-2013
20130019604MULTI-STAGE AMPLIFICATION VORTEX MIXTURE FOR GAS TURBINE ENGINE COMBUSTOR - A multi-stage vortex mixer for a combustor of a gas turbine engine includes a vortex amplifier stage in communication with a first stage amplifier, the vortex amplifier stage in communication with a dilution hole.01-24-2013
20130167544FUEL INJECTOR - A gas turbine engine fuel injector is disclosed having a plurality of fuel injection circuits that are structured to deliver fuel to air passageways. In one non-limiting embodiment, one of the fuel injection circuits includes a plain jet airblast injector that delivers fuel to an air passageway. In some applications the plain jet can extend across the air passageway and deliver a fuel to an opposite surface to form a fuel film. The fuel film can then be sheared between an air in the air passageway and an air in a nearby air passageway. Another of the fuel injection circuits includes a fuel filmer structured to deliver fuel to an air passageway that can then be sheared by an air in the air passageway and an air in the air passageway that included the plain jet airblast injector.07-04-2013
20120240591METHOD FOR SHUTTING DOWN A GENERATOR TO PREPARE THE GENERATOR FOR RESTART - A method and apparatus for shutting down a generator to prepare the generator for restart is disclosed. A power down sequence of a gas turbine of the generator is initiated from an operating state. A purge gas is forced into the gas turbine to extinguish a combustion flame in the gas turbine. The purge gas is swept through the gas turbine to displace the fuel from the gas turbine using a coast down airflow through the gas turbine during the power down sequence to prepare the generator for restart.09-27-2012
20120240588HYBRID SLINGER COMBUSTION SYSTEM - A hybrid combustor combines two distinct fuel injection sources to spray fuel in the combustor. The combustor combines a rotary fuel slinger for spraying fuel in a first combustion zone during high power level and cruise conditions and a set of fuel nozzles for spraying fuel in a second combustion zone during lower power level and starting conditions.09-27-2012
20130167545COMBUSTOR SYSTEM FOR USE IN TURBINE ENGINES AND METHODS OF OPERATING A TURBINE ENGINE - A combustor system for use in a turbine engine is provided. The turbine engine includes turbine assembly that includes a fluid inlet, a fluid outlet, and a combustion gas path defined therebetween. The combustor system includes a first combustor assembly and a second combustor assembly. The first combustor assembly is coupled to the turbine assembly for channeling a first flow of combustion gases through the turbine assembly. The first combustor assembly is oriented adjacent to the turbine assembly inlet to channel the first flow of combustion gases to the turbine assembly through the turbine assembly inlet. The second combustor assembly is coupled to the turbine assembly along the combustion gas path for channeling a second flow of combustion gases through the turbine assembly.07-04-2013
20130167546GAS TURBINE ENGINE COMBUSTOR - A combustor is provided in which a fuel and working fluid can be injected in an annulus. In one form the fuel and working fluid is circumferentially flowed within the annulus and traverses the annulus in an axial direction from one side to another side where the flow exits. The working fluid and air can be co-axially admitted to the combustor and in one form the working fluid can be swirled about the fuel dispensed from a fuel injector. The combustor can provide for a rich burning zone. In one embodiment the combustor is configured as an inter-turbine combustor having an outlet at one axial side of the combustor. A lean burn region can be created within a flow path of the turbine.07-04-2013
20130167548METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR OPERATING A GAS TURBINE ENGINE - A gas turbine includes a compressor, a combustor downstream from the compressor and a heat transfer system, wherein the heat transfer system receives a compressed working fluid from the compressor. A fluid coupling between the heat transfer system and the combustor, wherein the fluid coupling receives the compressed working fluid from the heat transfer system. A conditioner in fluid communication with the compressor and a fluid coupling between the heat transfer system and the conditioner, wherein the fluid coupling receives a cooling media from the heat transfer system. A method for operating the gas turbine includes flowing a compressed working fluid from the compressor to the heat transfer system, transferring heat energy from the compressed working fluid to the heat transfer system, flowing the compressed working fluid from the heat transfer system to a combustor, and flowing a cooling media from the heat transfer system to a compressor inlet.07-04-2013
20110232293FUEL HEAT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM - A fuel heat management system comprises a fuel line for conveying fuel, and a fuel/oil heat exchanger which receives fuel flowing through the fuel line. The fuel heat management system further comprises an oil line for circulating oil from an engine oil system to the fuel/oil heat exchanger and back to the engine oil system. The fuel/oil heat exchanger brings the oil and the fuel into heat exchange relationship. The fuel heat management system further comprises an air/oil heat exchanger which receives oil flowing through the oil line, the air/oil heat exchanger bringing the oil and air into heat exchange relationship. The fuel heat management system further comprises an air/fuel heat exchanger which receives fuel flowing through the fuel line, the air/fuel heat exchanger bringing the fuel and air into heat exchange relationship.09-29-2011
20110232292COMBINED FUEL AND AIR STAGED POWER GENERATION SYSTEM - A method and apparatus for generation of electric power employing fuel and air staging in which a first stage gas turbine and a second stage partial oxidation gas turbine power operated in parallel. A first portion of fuel and oxidant are provided to the first stage gas turbine which generates a first portion of electric power and a hot oxidant. A second portion of fuel and oxidant are provided to the second stage partial oxidation gas turbine which generates a second portion of electric power and a hot syngas. The hot oxidant and the hot syngas are provided to a bottoming cycle employing a fuel-fired boiler by which a third portion of electric power is generated.09-29-2011
20110252805COMBUSTOR LINER COOLING AT TRANSITION DUCT INTERFACE AND RELATED METHOD - A combustor assembly for a turbine includes a combustor and a combustor liner; a first flow sleeve surrounding the combustor liner forming a first substantially axially-extending flow annulus radially therebetween. The first flow sleeve has a first plurality of apertures formed about a circumference thereof for directing compressor discharge air as cooling air radially into said first flow annulus. A transition piece is connected to the combustor liner, the transition piece adapted to carry hot combustion gases to the turbine, and a second flow sleeve surrounds the transition piece forming a second substantially axially-extending flow annulus radially therebetween. The second flow sleeve has a second plurality of apertures for directing compressor discharge air as cooling air radially into the second flow annulus, the first substantially axially-extending flow annulus connecting with the second substantially axially-extending flow annulus. A resilient annular seal structure is disposed radially between an aft end portion of the combustor liner and a forward end portion of said transition piece, the resilient annular seal structure configured to form a first annular cavity radially between the forward end portion of the transition piece and the aft end portion of said combustor liner. At least one transfer tube radially extends from the second flow sleeve through the second flow annulus to the transition piece, and is arranged to supply compressor discharge cooling air radially from an area outside the first and second substantially axially extending flow annuli directly to the resilient annular seal structure and to the aft end of the combustor liner.10-20-2011
20080223046Method for providing auxiliary power to an electric power plant using fischer-tropsch technology - A method for meeting both base-load and peak-load demand in a power production facility. By integrating a Fischer-Tropsch (FT) hydrocarbon production facility with an electrical power generating facility, peak-load power demand can be met by reducing the temperature of the FT reactor thereby increasing the quantity of tail gases and using FT tail gases to fuel a gas turbine generator set. The method enables rapid power response and allows the synthesis gas generating units and the FT units to operate with constant flow rates.09-18-2008
20130199193TUNGSTEN CARBIDE INSERTS AND METHOD - Systems and methods provide for wear reduction in a combustion system of a gas turbine. A system for wear reduction includes: at least one substantially H-shaped block, the substantially H-shaped block being configured to secure a transition piece of a gas turbine combustor to a support piece; a first insert including a tungsten carbide in a metal matrix, the metal matrix being selected from a group including cobalt and nickel; and a brazing material which is used in brazing the first insert to the at least one substantially H-shaped block in at least one location on an interior wear surface of the at least one substantially H-shaped block.08-08-2013
20130199194COMBUSTOR HEAD ARRANGEMENT - A combustor head arrangement including a heatshield including an aperture therethrough. A meter panel having a cold side and a hot side, an aperture and a slot. At least one of the meter panel and the heatshield has a retaining feature on the cold side; one of the meter panel and the heatshield has an anti-rotation feature. The arrangement includes a burner seal sized to fit through the aperture in the meter panel from the hot side towards the cold side. The burner seal has a tang configured to pass through the slot when the burner seal is in a first orientation and to be retained by the retaining feature and the anti-rotation feature when the burner seal is rotated to a second orientation. Also a method of assembling the combustor head.08-08-2013
20130199195SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR HIGH EFFICIENCY POWER GENERATION USING A CARBON DIOXIDE CIRCULATING WORKING FLUID - The present invention provides methods and system for power generation using a high efficiency combustor in combination with a CO08-08-2013
20130139517Solar Assisted Gas Turbine System - This invention is intended to provide a solar assisted gas turbine system significantly reduced in the number of heat collectors and downsized in heat collector installation site area requirement.06-06-2013
20130174563COMBUSTOR FUEL NOZZLE AND METHOD FOR SUPPLYING FUEL TO A COMBUSTOR - A combustor fuel nozzle includes a center body and an inner shroud that circumferentially surrounds at least a portion of the center body. The inner shroud has a downstream surface. The fuel nozzle includes an inner passage between the center body and the inner shroud, an outer passage that circumferentially surrounds at least a portion of the inner shroud and a first plurality of fuel ports extending substantially radially outward through the center body. The first plurality of fuel ports is upstream from the downstream surface of the inner shroud. A method for supplying fuel to a combustor fuel nozzle includes flowing a working fluid through an inner passage between a center body and an inner shroud, injecting a fuel from the center body against the inner shroud, and flowing a portion of the working fluid through an outer passage that surrounds at least a portion of the inner shroud.07-11-2013
20130174564SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR OPERATING A GAS TURBINE - A method for determining a cooling flow parameter of a cooling medium supplied through a gas turbine is disclosed. The method may generally include receiving a signal associated with a first value of a combustion product parameter at a location within a combustion zone of the gas turbine, receiving a signal associated with a second value of a combustion product parameter at a location downstream of the combustion zone, comparing the first and second values of the combustion product parameter and determining a cooling flow parameter of the cooling medium based on the comparison of the first and second values.07-11-2013
20130174565METHOD FOR OPERATING A GAS TURBINE - A method for operating a gas turbine, which is optionally operated with a gaseous fuel (A) having a gaseous mass flow ({dot over (m)}07-11-2013
20130174566METHOD FOR REMOVING CARBON DIOXIDE, AND ALSO GAS TURBINE INSTALLATION WITH CARBON DIOXIDE REMOVAL - A method for capturing carbon dioxide is provided. In a first absorption process, carbon dioxide is absorbed by contacting a supplied carbon dioxide-containing natural gas with a first substream of a solvent. In this process a carbon dioxide-depleted natural gas and carbon dioxide-enriched solvent are formed. Then in a combustion process, the carbon dioxide-depleted natural gas is burnt, with a carbon dioxide-containing exhaust gas being formed. Then, in a second absorption process, carbon dioxide is absorbed by contacting the carbon dioxide-containing exhaust gas with a second substream of the solvent. In this process an exhaust gas freed from carbon dioxide and carbon dioxide-enriched solvent are formed. Then, in a desorption process, the first substream and the second substream of the carbon dioxide-enriched solvent are combined and carbon dioxide is desorbed by supplying heating energy, with carbon dioxide-depleted solvent being formed.07-11-2013
20130167547TURBINE ENGINE AND METHOD FOR FLOWING AIR IN A TURBINE ENGINE - According to one aspect of the invention, a gas turbine engine includes a combustor, a fuel nozzle placed in an end of the combustor, and a passage configured to receive an air flow from a compressor discharge casing, wherein the passage directs the air flow into a chamber downstream of the nozzle, wherein a chamber pressure is lower than a compressor discharge casing pressure. The gas turbine engine also includes a flow control device configured to control the air flow from the compressor discharge casing into the passage.07-04-2013
20120247117VEHICLE SYSTEM - A system is disclosed one form of which is an aircraft that includes a pod capable of housing a work providing device. The pod can also include a thermal conditioning system and a power generation device that can be powered from the work providing device. The pod can provide thermal conditioning services and power services to a payload aboard the aircraft. In one non-limiting form the payload is a directed energy member that can be cooled using the thermal conditioning system and powered using the power generation device.10-04-2012
20120247114Water Cooling System For Intercooled Turbines - An intercooled gas turbine is provided having an air cooled heat exchanger and a chiller disposed to remove heat from the cooling medium of the intercooler heat exchanger. During peak hours when the turbine is in operation, the air cooled heat exchanger is used primarily to cool the cooling medium of the intercooler heat exchanger. During off peak hours when the turbine is idle, the air cooled heat exchanger is used to remove heat from the condenser of a chiller system associated with a gas turbine inlet air cooling system. An additional liquid to liquid heat exchanger may be provided in-line between the intercooler heat exchanger and the air cooled heat exchanger to further cool the intercooler heat exchanger cooling medium using chilled water before the cooling medium passes back into the intercooler heat exchanger. The chilled water may be provided directly from the chillers, or from a thermal energy storage tank, or from the cooling coils of a turbine inlet air cooling system.10-04-2012
20120247113SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR AIR EXTRACTION FROM GAS TURBINE ENGINES - The disclosed embodiments relate to a system and method that allows air to be extracted from a plurality of gas turbine engines and fed to a downstream process, even in situations in which one or more of the gas turbine engines are operating in a part load condition. For example, in an embodiment, a method includes monitoring signals representative of a header pressure of a header, or a pressure of extraction air flow from one or more gas turbine engines to the header, or both, and maintaining substantially continuous flows of extraction air from the gas turbine engines to the header. The substantially continuous flows are maintained when the gas turbine engines are under symmetric and asymmetric load conditions.10-04-2012
20130111913MULTI-COMBUSTOR TURBINE - A system for the gradual oxidation of fuel is disclosed. The system includes an oxidizer that has a reaction chamber with an inlet and an outlet. The reaction chamber is configured to receive a fluid comprising an oxidizable fuel through the inlet. The oxidizer is configured to maintain a flameless oxidation process. The system also includes a heating chamber with an inlet and an outlet. The inlet of the heating chamber is in fluid communication with the outlet of the reaction chamber. The heating chamber is configured to receive the fluid from the reaction chamber and selectably heat the fluid.05-09-2013
20130111914AIRCRAFT IGNITION SYSTEM AND METHOD OF OPERATING THE SAME - An aircraft ignition system having a power circuit, a control circuit, and a discharge circuit and coupled to the spark plugs of an aircraft engine. The power circuit may include two independent power sources; e.g., alternator power (such as a permanent magnet alternator) and power from aircraft or DC power bus. The control circuit may control one or more aspects of the discharge circuit, e.g., the ignition timing. And the discharge circuit may trigger a capacitive discharge ignition event to the spark plugs.05-09-2013
20130091853Stoichiometric Combustion With Exhaust Gas Recirculation and Direct Contact Cooler - Methods and systems for low emission power generation in hydrocarbon recovery processes are provided. One system includes a gas turbine system configured to stoichiometrically combust a compressed oxidant and a fuel in the presence of a compressed recycle exhaust gas and expand the discharge in an expander to generate a gaseous exhaust stream and drive a main compressor. A boost compressor can receive and increase the pressure of the gaseous exhaust stream and inject it into an evaporative cooling tower configured to use an exhaust nitrogen gas having a low relative humidity as an evaporative cooling media. The cooled gaseous exhaust stream is then compressed and recirculated through the system as a diluent to moderate the temperature of the stoichiometric combustion.04-18-2013
20130091850METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR REDUCING HOT SOAKBACK - A method for cooling a gas turbine engine includes supplying power to a motor to generate mechanical motion and translating the mechanical motion of the motor to a shaft of the gas turbine engine to rotate a compressor stage and a turbine stage after the engine has been shutdown to circulate air within the engine and cool engine components. A system for preventing hot soakback in an auxiliary power unit includes a starter motor, a compressor, a turbine, a shaft connected to at least one stage of the compressor and at least one stage of the turbine, a gearbox for connecting the starter motor to the shaft, a temperature sensor and a controller. The controller receives information from the temperature sensor and instructs the starter motor to rotate and drive the shaft when the temperature sensor senses a temperature above a low limit temperature threshold.04-18-2013
20130091852OPERATING METHOD FOR HYDROGEN/NATURAL GAS BLENDS WITHIN A REHEAT GAS TURBINE - A gas turbine is operated using a varying blend of a first fuel, preferably natural gas, and a second fuel that is hydrogen. The hydrogen concentration is varied depending on operating conditions in order to reduce emissions of CO and NOx, and/or to mitigate LBO. The fuel mixture is varied using a controller based on a combination of factors in a modular operation concept to address different issues according to relevant load limitations. A method of operating a gas turbine according to this modular operational concept is also provided.04-18-2013
20130091851METHOD AND A DEVICE FOR PRODUCING A SETPOINT SIGNAL - A method and device producing a setpoint signal representing a flow rate of fuel that a metering unit having a slide valve is to supply to a fuel injection system of a combustion chamber in a turbine engine, the position of the valve depending on the setpoint signal. The method: obtains a first signal representing a measurement as delivered by a flow meter of a flow rate of fuel injected into the chamber; evaluates a second signal representing the flow rate of fuel injected into the chamber based on a measurement of the position of the valve; estimates a third signal representative of the measurement delivered by the flow meter by applying a digital model of the flow meter to the second signal; and produces the setpoint signal by adding a compensation signal to the first signal, the compensation signal obtained by subtracting the third signal from the second signal.04-18-2013
20130098048DIFFUSION NOZZLES FOR LOW-OXYGEN FUEL NOZZLE ASSEMBLY AND METHOD - A fuel nozzle assembly has been conceived for a combustor in a gas turbine including a first passage and fourth passage connectable to a source of gaseous fuel, a second passage connectable to a source of a gaseous oxidizer, and a third passage coupled to a source of a diluent gas, wherein the first passage is a center passage and is configured to discharge gaseous fuel from nozzles at a discharge end of the center passage, the second passage is configured to discharge the gaseous oxidizer through nozzles adjacent to the nozzles for the center passage, the third passage discharges a diluent gas through nozzles adjacent to the nozzles for the second passage, and the fourth passage is configured to discharges the gaseous fuel downstream of the discharge location for the first, second and third passages.04-25-2013
20130098052METHOD AND ARCHITECTURE FOR RECOMBINING THE POWER OF A TURBOMACHINE - A method and architecture for recombining power of a turbomachine improving on problems of size, mass, or reliability. In the method energy is recovered in an exhaust nozzle and converted and recirculated using a mechanical and/or electrical power recombining mechanism. An example of an architecture of a turbomachine includes a main turbine engine and a heat exchanger positioned in the exhaust nozzle and coupled, via pipes, to an independent system that converts thermal energy into mechanical energy. This independent system is connected to a localized mechanical recombination mechanism via a power shaft to supply power to a power transmission shaft according to aircraft requirements.04-25-2013
20130098051AUXILIARY POWER UNIT BLEED CLEANING FUNCTION - An auxiliary power unit is operable to provide bleed air to a vehicle system. A method includes diverting substantially all of the bleed air to an exhaust for a selected time period commencing with startup of the auxiliary power unit. After the selected time period, at least a portion of the bleed air is diverted to the vehicle system.04-25-2013
20130118179POWER PLANT WITH CO2 CAPTURE - A method is provided for operating a combined cycle power plant having at least one gas turbine, a heat recovery steam generator (HSRG), a steam turbine and a CO2 capture system. The method includes recirculating a first partial flow of flue gases from the HRSG. The method also includes capturing CO2 from a second partial flow of flue gases from the HRSG; and operating a supplementary firing to increase the net power output of the plant and to at least partly compensate the power consumption of the CO2 capture system. A combined cycle power plant is also provided. The plant includes at least one gas turbine, at least one heat recovery steam generator, at least one steam turbine at least one CO05-16-2013
20130125555Systems and Methods For Optimizing Stoichiometric Combustion - Provided are more efficient techniques for operating gas turbine systems. In one embodiment a gas turbine system comprises an oxidant system, a fuel system, a control system, and a number of combustors adapted to receive and combust an oxidant from the oxidant system and a fuel from the fuel system to produce an exhaust gas. The gas turbine system also includes a number of oxidant-flow adjustment devices, each of which are operatively associated with one of the combustors, wherein an oxidant-flow adjustment device is configured to independently regulate an oxidant flow rate into the associated combustor. An exhaust sensor is in communication with the control system. The exhaust sensor is adapted to measure at least one parameter of the exhaust gas, and the control system is configured to independently adjust each of the oxidant-flow adjustment devices based, at least in part, on the parameter measured by the exhaust sensor.05-23-2013
20130125554Systems and Methods For Exhaust Gas Extraction - The present techniques are directed to a combustor for a gas turbine. For example, an embodiment provides a spool piece for the combustor. The spool piece includes an oxidant injection port configured for injection of an oxidant proximate to a flame in the combustor and a recycle-gas extraction port configured for an extraction of a recycle gas from the combustor, wherein the recycle gas is isolated from the oxidant prior to the use of the oxidant in a flame.05-23-2013
20130125553Swirler Assembly with Compressor Discharge Injection to Vane Surface - A swirler assembly in a gas turbine combustor includes a hub, a shroud, and a plurality of vanes connected between the hub and the shroud. The vanes include a high pressure side on which air and fuel impinge the vanes and a low pressure side. An air circuit is provided in each of the plurality of vanes receiving discharge air from a compressor. Each of the air circuits includes an air entry passage into the vanes and an air exit passage on the low pressure side of the vanes.05-23-2013
20130125552GAS TURBINE ENGINE LOCKOUT REDUCTION - A method is provided of reducing lockout time of a gas turbine engine which includes: an inlet, a compressor, a combustor, a turbine, and an exhaust duct, where the compressor and the turbine are carried on a turbomachinery rotor and each include an array of blades mounted for rotation inside a casing of the engine. The method includes: operating the engine at a first power output; shutting down operation of the engine without substantially reducing the power output beforehand, wherein thermomechanical changes occur in the engine subsequent to shutdown that tend to reduce a radial clearance between at least one of the blades and the casing; and subsequent to shutting down the engine, (1) heating the casing and/or (2) pumping an airflow of ambient air into the inlet and through the casing, past the rotor, and out the exhaust duct, so as to reverse at least partially the thermomechanical changes.05-23-2013
20130118178SYSTEM FOR PURGING GAS FUEL CIRCUIT FOR A GAS TURBINE ENGINE - A system includes a multi-fuel gas turbine configured to operate on both a liquid fuel system and a gas fuel system, wherein the multi-fuel gas turbine comprises a compressor, a combustor, and a turbine. The system also includes a gas fuel purge system configured to purge a gas fuel circuit of the gas fuel system during liquid fuel operation of the gas turbine, wherein the gas fuel purge system is configured to sequentially purge the gas fuel circuit with air and steam.05-16-2013
20130139514COMBUSTOR LINER SUPPORT AND SEAL ASSEMBLY - A method is disclosed herein for reducing binding between a combustor liner of a gas turbine engine and a free-standing ring disposed about the combustor liner. The method comprises the step of disposing a rolling assembly to roll between the combustor liner and the free-standing ring during relative radial displacement.06-06-2013
20130139515Integral gas turbine, flywheel, generator, and method for hybrid operation thereof - A power plant incorporating attributes of a gas turbine engine, flywheel, and electrical generator (hereafter turbine/flywheel or TF) in a single compact unit, having a compressor arrayed with magnets which weight the periphery of the TF. Intermittent combustion periods accelerate the TF to a first rotational velocity, then combustion ceases, and the inlet/outlet of the TF are sealed, causing it to self-evacuate. Conductive coils surround the TF. Magnetic flux between the magnets and coils acts as a motor/generator, electrically powering a load, and absorbing electrical power therefrom via regenerative braking; power out decelerating the TF (now a flywheel), power in accelerating it. A pressure accumulator accepts the TF exhaust, and is pressurized by the combustion periods. Between combustion periods, exhaust in the accumulator expands in a small pump/motor that drives a generator, routing electricity to the TF to raise its rotational velocity.06-06-2013
20130139516COOLING SYSTEM FOR GAS TURBINE LOAD COUPLING - A gas turbine is provided. The gas turbine comprises a compressor, a power turbine, a load coupling connecting the gas turbine to a load, a gas turbine package comprising a turbomachinery compartment housing the gas turbine, a load-coupling guard at least partly surrounding the load coupling, a cooling air circulation system for circulating cooling air in the turbomachinery compartment, and a cooling air channeling configured to circulate a cooling air flow from the cooling air circulation system in the load-coupling guard sufficient to remove heat from the load coupling.06-06-2013
20110219776AERODYNAMIC FLAME STABILIZER - A flame stabilizer is in fluid communication with a combustor of a gas turbine engine. The flame stabilizer has a body with an aerodynamic shape that creates a flow recirculation zone by injection of fluid through a plurality of holes in the body of the flame stabilizer. The aerodynamic shape of the body reduces pressure loss in the combustor, particularly when no fuel is being provided to the combustor. In addition, the magnitude of the flow recirculation zone can be modulated by selectively adjusting the flow rate of fluid through the holes, or by selectively adjusting the size of the holes.09-15-2011
20130145770SUBSTITUTION DEVICE FOR AIRCRAFT ENGINE - A substitution device for replacing a turbojet type of aircraft engine, with a nacelle comprising protective covers, and a support mast having two engine mounts, each of said protective covers being mounted to pivot between an open position and a closed position, said substitution device comprising a body, two anchors attaching to the engine mounts of the engine support mast, and bearing portions adapted to receive support portions belonging to the protective covers. A method for installing such a substitution device in a nacelle, which makes it possible to close the engine covers and authorize the movement of the aircraft.06-13-2013
20130145769Gas Turbine Engine with Variable Overall Pressure Ratio - A gas turbine engine has a variable overall pressure rate (“OPR”). The engine includes a high pressure compressor having at least a primary stage having a set of primary rotors and a secondary stage having a set of secondary rotors. A clutch is provided to selectively engage the secondary rotors with the primary rotors. Engagement of the clutch may be controlled based on the vehicle travel mode, such as disengaging during a takeoff mode to reduce turbine entry temperature and engaging during a loiter mode to increase OPR.06-13-2013
20100287942Dry Low NOx Combustion System with Pre-Mixed Direct-Injection Secondary Fuel Nozzle - A combustion system includes a first combustion chamber and a second combustion chamber. The second combustion chamber is positioned downstream of the first combustion chamber. The combustion system also includes a pre-mixed, direct-injection secondary fuel nozzle. The pre-mixed, direct-injection secondary fuel nozzle extends through the first combustion chamber into the second combustion chamber.11-18-2010
20100011778Environmentally friendly methods and systems of energy production - A process of energy production is disclosed. The process includes integrating three or more energy production technologies such that a first byproduct of a first energy production technology is applied to a second energy production technology and a second byproduct of the second energy production technology is applied to a third energy production technology. The process also includes operating the integrated energy production technologies to produce energy such that at least a portion of the first byproduct is utilized in an operation of the second energy production technology and a portion of the second byproduct is utilized in an operation of the third energy production technology.01-21-2010
20120255309UTILIZING STEAM AND/OR HOT WATER GENERATED USING SOLAR ENERGY - Methods, systems, and apparatus by which steam and/or hot water generated using solar energy may be utilized to generate electricity or work are disclosed herein. A method in one instance may involve driving a first turbine using a fluid having energy obtained from a main energy source other than solar energy, and using solar energy-generated hot water and/or steam as an auxiliary energy input to drive the first turbine. An apparatus in one instance may include (1) a first turbine in fluid communication with and driven by a fluid heated by a main energy source other than solar energy in fluid communication with (2) a solar steam and/or hot water generator that utilizes solar energy to generate hot water and/or steam or other working fluid as an auxiliary energy input source for the first turbine.10-11-2012
20100293958DESWIRLING EXHAUST MIXER - An exhaust mixer for a gas turbine engine including a plurality of circumferentially distributed alternating inner and outer lobes, where each of the inner lobes is configured with a circumferential offset between the base and the tip thereof, and a direction of the circumferential offset defined from the base to the tip of each of the inner lobes is the same for all of the inner lobes and opposite to that of a swirl component of a main gas path flow entering the exhaust mixer.11-25-2010
20120272657MEMBRANE TECHNOLOGY FOR USE IN A POWER GENERATION PROCESS - Disclosed herein is a power generation process in which a portion of the carbon dioxide generated by gaseous fuel combustion is recycled back to the power generation process, either pre-combustion, post-combustion, or both. The power generation process of the invention may be a combined cycle process or a traditional power generation process. The process utilizes sweep-based membrane separation.11-01-2012
20120272656MULTIPLE CORE VARIABLE CYCLE GAS TURBINE ENGINE AND METHOD OF OPERATION - A gas turbine engine system includes a fan assembly, a low pressure compressor, a low pressure turbine, a plurality of engine cores including a first engine core and a second engine core, and a control assembly. A primary flowpath is defined through the fan assembly, the low pressure compressor, the low pressure turbine, and the active engine cores. Each engine core includes a high pressure compressor, a combustor downstream from the high pressure compressor, and a high pressure turbine downstream from the combustor. The control assembly is configured to control operation of the plurality of engine cores such that in a first operational mode the first and the second engine cores are active to generate combustion products and in a second operational mode the first engine core is active to generate combustion products while the second engine core is idle.11-01-2012
20120272655SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR POWER GENERATION USING OXY-FUEL COMBUSTION - A system and a method of generating energy in a power plant using a turbine are provided. The system includes an air separation unit providing an oxygen output; a plasma generator that is capable of generating plasma; and a combustor configured to receive oxygen and to combust a fuel stream in the presence of the plasma, so as to maintain a stable flame, generating an exhaust gas. The system can further include a water condensation system, fluidly-coupled to the combustor, that is capable of producing a high-content carbon dioxide stream that is substantially free of oxygen. The method of generating energy in a power plant includes the steps of operating an air separation unit to separate oxygen from air, combusting a fuel stream in a combustor in the presence of oxygen, and generating an exhaust gas from the combustion. The exhaust gas can be used in a turbine to generate electricity. A plasma is generated inside the combustor, and a stable flame is maintained in the combustor.11-01-2012
20120272654FULLY IMPINGEMENT COOLED VENTURI WITH INBUILT RESONATOR FOR REDUCED DYNAMICS AND BETTER HEAT TRANSFER CAPABILITIES - A venturi assembly for a turbine combustor includes a first outer annular wall and a second intermediate annular wall radially spaced from each other in substantially concentric relationship. The first outer annular wall and said second intermediate annular wall shaped to define a forward, substantially V-shaped throat region, and an aft, axially extending portion. A third radially innermost annular wall is connected to the second intermediate annular wall at an aft end of said throat region. A first plurality of apertures is provided in the first outer annular wall in the substantially V-shaped throat region, and a second plurality of apertures is provided in the aft, axially extending portion of said second intermediate annular wall so that cooling air flows through the first and second pluralities of apertures to impingement cool the third radially innermost annular wall.11-01-2012
20130152593GAS TURBINE AND FUEL INJECTOR FOR THE SAME - A fuel injector for a gas turbine engine may include an injector housing having a central cavity configured to be fluidly coupled to a combustor of the turbine engine. The central cavity may also be configured to direct a first fuel into the combustor substantially unmixed with air. The fuel injector may also include an annular air discharge outlet circumferentially disposed about the downstream end of the central cavity. The air discharge outlet may be configured to discharge compressed air into the combustor circumferentially about the first fuel from the central cavity. The fuel injector may also include an annular fuel discharge outlet circumferentially disposed about the air discharge outlet at the downstream end. The fuel discharge outlet may be configured to discharge a second fuel into the combustor circumferentially about the compressed air from the air discharge outlet.06-20-2013
20130152594GAS TURBINE AND FUEL INJECTOR FOR THE SAME - A fuel injector for a gas turbine engine includes an injector housing having a central cavity configured to fluidly couple with a combustor of the gas turbine engine. The fuel injector may include a fuel nozzle at the upstream end of the central cavity. The fuel nozzle may be configured to direct a first fuel into the central cavity. The fuel injector may also include an annular air inlet disposed circumferentially about the fuel nozzle at the upstream end of the central cavity, and an annular air discharge outlet circumferentially disposed about the exit opening of the central cavity. The fuel injector may further include an annular fuel discharge outlet circumferentially disposed about the air discharge outlet. The fuel discharge outlet may be configured to discharge a second fuel into the combustor circumferentially around the air discharge outlet.06-20-2013
20130152595PROCESS FOR THE ENHANCEMENT OF POWER PLANT WITH CO2 CAPTURE AND SYSTEM FOR REALIZATION OF THE PROCESS - Improved methods and systems for power plants with CO2 capture and especially power plants with CO2 capture for enhanced oil recovery (EOR) purposes.06-20-2013
20130152596FOSSIL FUEL-FIRED POWER STATION HAVING A REMOVAL APPARATUS FOR CARBON DIOXIDE AND PROCESS FOR SEPARATING CARBON DIOXIDE FROM AN OFFGAS FROM A FOSSIL FUEL-FIRED POWER STATION - A fossil fuel-fired power station having a removal apparatus for carbon dioxide which is located downstream of a combustion facility and through which an offgas containing carbon dioxide may flow is provided. The removal apparatus comprises an absorption unit and a desorption unit. The desorption unit is connected to a renewable energy source.06-20-2013
20130152592GAS TURBINE ENGINE EXHAUST DIFFUSER INCLUDING CIRCUMFERENTIAL VANE - A flow passage defined between an inner and an outer boundary for guiding a fluid flow in an axial direction. A flow control vane is supported at a radial location between the inner and outer boundaries. A fluid discharge opening is provided for discharging a flow of the compressed fluid from a trailing edge of the vane, and a fluid control surface is provided adjacent to the fluid discharge opening and extends in the axial direction at the trailing edge of the vane. The fluid control surface has a curved trailing edge forming a Coanda surface. The fluid discharge opening is selectively provided with a compressed fluid to produce a Coanda effect along the control surface. The Coanda effect has a component in the radial direction effecting a turning of the fluid flow in the flow path radially inward or outward toward one of the inner and outer boundaries.06-20-2013
20130180255RATIONAL LATE LEAN INJECTION - A combustor section of a gas turbine includes a combustor liner, a sleeve and a fuel-air mixing tube. The combustor liner defines a combustion chamber. The sleeve surrounds the combustor liner. The combustor liner and the sleeve define an annular flow space. The fuel-air mixing tube is configured to channel a mixture of fuel and air and includes an inlet and an outlet. The inlet is in fluid communication with an exterior of the sleeve, and the outlet is in fluid communication with the combustion chamber. The combustor casing encloses the combustor section upstream relative to the inlet of the mixing tube and extends downstream. The sleeve and the combustor casing define a discharge air space. The discharge space is in fluid communication with the mixing tube. The fuel supplying device is located exteriorly of the combustor casing and is configured to inject fuel into the mixing tube.07-18-2013
20130180253SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR SUPPLYING A WORKING FLUID TO A COMBUSTOR - A system for supplying a working fluid to a combustor includes a fuel nozzle, a combustion chamber, and fuel injectors circumferentially arranged around the combustion chamber. A combustor casing surrounds the combustion chamber. A distribution manifold encloses the fuel injectors, and a plenum passes through the combustor casing. A method for supplying a working fluid to a combustor includes flowing a working fluid from a compressor through a combustion chamber, diverting a portion of the working fluid into a plenum, and flowing the diverted portion of the working fluid outside of the compressor and the combustor. The method further includes flowing the diverted portion of the working fluid through a combustor casing and through a distribution manifold that encloses fuel injectors circumferentially arranged around the combustion chamber.07-18-2013
20130180254SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR SUPPLYING A WORKING FLUID TO A COMBUSTOR - A system for supplying a working fluid to a combustor includes a fuel nozzle and a combustion chamber downstream from the fuel nozzle. A flow sleeve circumferentially surrounds the combustion chamber, and fuel injectors provide fluid communication to the combustion chamber. A distribution manifold circumferentially surrounds the fuel injectors and defines an annular plenum. A fluid passage through the distribution manifold provides fluid communication through the distribution manifold. A radial cross-sectional area of the annular plenum varies around the flow sleeve. A method for supplying a working fluid to a combustor includes flowing a working fluid through a combustion chamber, diverting a portion of the working fluid through a distribution manifold that circumferentially surrounds fuel injectors circumferentially arranged around the combustion chamber, and changing at least one of a pressure or flow rate of the diverted portion of the working fluid.07-18-2013
20130180256TURBINE FUEL NOZZLE ASSEMBLY AND METHOD FOR OPERATING A TURBINE - According to one aspect of the invention, a fuel nozzle assembly for a turbine includes an outer conduit of a fuel nozzle and a cap assembly to receive at least a portion of the fuel nozzle. The assembly also includes a spring disposed about the outer conduit and within an annular recess of the cap assembly, wherein the spring provides frictional damping to resist movement of the fuel nozzle.07-18-2013
20130180257COMBUSTOR FOR GAS TURBINE ENGINE - A combustor with a liner where each of the walls has a respective circumferential row of dilution holes defined therethrough adjacent a junction between the primary zone and the dilution zone. In the primary zone, the inner surface of each of the walls is covered by at least one heat shield attached thereto and spaced apart therefrom to allow air circulation between the inner surface and the at least one heat shield, the walls each having a plurality of cooling holes defined therethrough having a smaller diameter than that of the dilution holes. In the dilution zone, the inner surface of each of the walls is free of heat shields, and the walls each have a plurality of effusion cooling holes defined therethrough and having a smaller diameter than that of the dilution holes.07-18-2013
20130180258PROCESS FOR PRODUCING AN OXYGEN-CONTAINING COMPOUND - The subject of the invention is a process for producing an oxygen-containing compound chosen from C07-18-2013
20110302926METHOD OF OPERATING A GAS TURBINE POWER PLANT AND GAS TURBINE POWER PLANT - A method of operating a gas turbine power plant with a first gas turbine group, including a first turbine assembly, and a second gas turbine group, including a compressor assembly and a second turbine assembly which are mechanically coupled to one another, and useful work is extracted by a device being included in the plant, where a flue gas stream is produced by a combustion device, which is placed in a gas flow stream upstream of the second turbine assembly, where the second turbine assembly and compressor assembly are balanced to each other such that work produced by the second turbine assembly is consumed by the compressor assembly, and where the first turbine assembly is balanced to the device for the extraction of useful work such that work produced by the first turbine assembly is consumed by the device for the extraction of useful work.12-15-2011
20110302925Method and Apparatus for Controlling the Operation of a Gas Turbine - An apparatus for controlling the operation of a gas turbine engine to enable the engine to utilize low calorific value gas, such as low quality landfill gas, said apparatus comprising a gas compressor for compressing gas to be combusted in the combustion chamber of the engine, means for supplying a low calorific value gas to an input of said compressor, and means for mixing a non-combustible gas, such as air, with said low calorific-value gas supplied to the compressor to control the power output of the engine while maintaining a substantially constant flow rate of gas through the compressor.12-15-2011
20110308255Combined cycle power plant - A combined cycle power plant with integrated coal gasification is provided. The power plant includes a gas turbine, a fuel system connected upstream of a combustion chamber of the gas turbine, which includes a gasification device for fossil fuel and a gas line branching off from the gasification device and opening out into the combustion chamber of the gas turbine, whereby a saturator for saturating the fuel with steam is connected into the gas line upstream of the combustion chamber, whereby a flushing line is provided which opens into the gas line between the gasification device and saturator.12-22-2011
20130186094Axial Flow Fuel Nozzle with a Stepped Center Body - An axial flow fuel nozzle for a gas turbine includes a plurality of annular passages for delivering materials for combustion. An annular air passage receives compressor discharge air, and a plurality of swirler vane slots are positioned adjacent an axial end of the annular air passage. A first next annular passage is disposed radially inward of the annular air passage and includes first openings positioned adjacent an axial end of the first annular passage and downstream of the swirler vane slots. A second next annular passage is disposed radially inward of the first annular passage and includes second openings positioned adjacent an axial end of the second annular passage and downstream of the first openings.07-25-2013
20130186096METHOD FOR MONITORING A FUEL CIRCUIT SHUT-OFF VALVE - The invention relates to a method for monitoring the operation of a fuel circuit shut-off valve comprising an LPSOV, a flow regulator, the shut-off valve, characterised in that it comprises: 07-25-2013
20130186095Gas turbine with motive fluid driven jet-compressor - A gas turbine prime mover for stationary and motor vehicle application. The gas turbine employs jet compression energized by a pressurized motive fluid to entrain a depressurized suction fluid from the turbine discharge. Combined suction and motive fluids circulate through the combustor or other heating source and the turbine while motive fluid, separated from the turbine discharge, preheats pressurized motive fluid in a heat recovery recuperator or regenerator. Additional features include recovery of heat loss from heating source loss and sub-ambient compression cooling of motive fluid. Cycle efficiency of 70% is attained.07-25-2013
20130098050GAS TURBINE ENGINE WITH INTERCOOLING TURBINE SECTION - A gas turbine engine includes a fan section and an intercooling turbine section along an engine axis aft of a fan section and forward of a combustor section.04-25-2013
20130192242SPEED SENSOR PROBE LOCATION IN GAS TURBINE ENGINE - A gas turbine engine includes a fan, a fan drive gear system coupled to drive the fan, a compressor section including a first compressor and a second compressor and a turbine section. The turbine section includes a first turbine coupled to drive a first spool, which is coupled at a first axial position to a compressor hub that is coupled to drive the first compressor. The first spool is also coupled at a second axial position to a fan drive input shaft that is coupled to drive the fan drive gear system. A second turbine is coupled through a second spool to drive the second compressor. A speed sensor probe is operable to determine a rotational speed of the first spool. The speed sensor probe is located axially aft of the first axial position and the second axial position.08-01-2013
20120017599ANNULAR GAS TURBINE COMBUSTOR - A combustor assembly includes a convergent segment followed by a divergent segment to advantageously improve combustion. The combustor assembly includes a first segment beginning at a forward end that transitions to a second segment past a transition segment in a direction along a combustor axis toward an aft end. The reduction in cross-sectional area within the first segment provides desirable fuel and air mixing properties. The convergent first segment in combination with the divergent second segment decreases residence time of fuel-air mixture within the combustor chamber that decreases production of undesirable emissions from the combustor assembly.01-26-2012
20120017598METALLIC CERAMIC SPOOL FOR A GAS TURBINE ENGINE - A method and apparatus are disclosed for a gas turbine spool design combining metallic and ceramic components in a way that controls clearances between critical components over a range of engine operating temperatures and pressures. In a first embodiment, a ceramic turbine rotor rotates just inside a ceramic shroud and separated by a small clearance gap. The ceramic rotor is connected to a metallic volute. In order to accommodate the differential rates of thermal expansion between the ceramic rotor and metallic volute, an active clearance control system is used to maintain the desired axial clearance between ceramic rotor and the ceramic shroud over the range of engine operating temperatures. In a second embodiment, a ceramic turbine rotor rotates just inside a ceramic shroud which is part of a single piece ceramic volute/shroud assembly. As temperature increases, the ceramic volute expands at approximately the same rate as ceramic shroud and tends to increase the axial clearance gap between the ceramic rotor and ceramic shroud, but only by a small amount compared to a metallic volute attached to the shroud in the same way01-26-2012
20120017597HYBRID POWER GENERATION SYSTEM AND A METHOD THEREOF - A hybrid power generation system includes a gas turbine engine system and a supercritical rankine cycle system. The gas turbine engine system includes a first compressor, an intercooler, and a second compressor. A first compressor is configured to compress an inlet airflow to produce a first outlet airflow at a first pressure. An intercooler is coupled to the first compressor and configured to cool the first outlet airflow exiting the first compressor to produce a second outlet airflow. A second compressor is coupled to the intercooler and configured to compress the second outlet airflow exiting the intercooler to produce a third outlet airflow at a second pressure. The supercritical rankine cycle system is coupled to the gas turbine engine system. The supercritical rankine cycle system is coupled to the intercooler to circulate a working fluid in heat exchange relationship with the first outlet airflow to heat the working fluid at a supercritical pressure from a first temperature to a second temperature above a critical temperature of the working fluid and to cool the first outlet airflow exiting the first compressor.01-26-2012
20130192234BUNDLED MULTI-TUBE NOZZLE ASSEMBLY - A method for reducing emissions in a turbo machine is disclosed. The method includes providing fuel to a multi-tube nozzle and reducing the differences in the mass flow rate of fuel into each tube. An improved multi-tube nozzle is also disclosed. The nozzle includes an assembly that reduces the difference in the mass flow rate of fuel into each tube.08-01-2013
20130192239GAS TURBINE ENGINE BUFFER SYSTEM - A gas turbine engine includes a buffer system that includes a first circuit and a second circuit. The first circuit can communicate a first buffer supply air to a first portion of the gas turbine engine and the second circuit can communicate a second buffer supply air to a second portion of the gas turbine engine.08-01-2013
20130192235INTERNAL MANIFOLD FOR TURNING MID-TURBINE FRAME FLOW DISTRIBUTION - A mid-turbine frame (MTF) for a gas turbine engine includes an inner manifold directing air to a turbine rotor of the gas turbine engine.08-01-2013
20130192237FUEL INJECTOR SYSTEM WITH FLUIDIC OSCILLATOR - A fuel injector system for a turbine engine may include a center body disposed about a longitudinal axis and a barrel housing positioned radially outwardly from the center body to define an annular passageway therebetween. The fuel injector may also include one or more fuel discharge outlets positioned in the annular passageway. The one or more fuel discharge outlets may be configured to discharge pulses of a fuel into the annular passageway. The fuel injector may further include one or more fluidic oscillators fluidly coupled to the one or more fuel discharge outlets. The one or more fluidic oscillators may be configured to induce pulsations in the fuel discharged by the one or more fuel discharge outlets.08-01-2013
20130192238BUFFER SYSTEM THAT COMMUNICATES BUFFER SUPPLY AIR TO ONE OR MORE PORTIONS OF A GAS TURBINE ENGINE - A gas turbine engine includes a buffer system that communicates a buffer supply air to a portion of the gas turbine engine. The buffer system includes a first bleed air supply having a first pressure, a second bleed air supply having a second pressure that is greater than the first pressure, and a valve that selects between the first bleed air supply and the second bleed air supply to communicate the buffer supply air to the portion of the gas turbine engine.08-01-2013
20130192241GAS TURBINE ENGINE VARIABLE AREA FAN NOZZLE CONTROL - A method of managing a gas turbine engine operating line includes detecting an air speed and a fan speed. A data table is referenced that includes a desired variable area fan nozzle position based upon air speed and fan speed. The detected air speed and detected fan speed are compared to the data table to determine a target variable area fan nozzle position. An actual variable area fan nozzle position is adjusted to the target variable area fan nozzle position.08-01-2013
20130192240BUFFER SYSTEM FOR A GAS TURBINE ENGINE - A buffer system for a gas turbine engine includes a heat exchanger having a first inlet and outlet and a second inlet and outlet. The first outlet is configured to provide a cooled pressurized fluid. First and second air sources are selectively fluidly coupled to the first inlet. A third air source is fluidly coupled to the second inlet. Multiple fluid-supplied areas are located remotely from one another and are fluidly coupled to the first outlet. The multiple fluid-supplied areas include multiple bearing compartments. A method of providing pressurized air in a gas turbine engine includes selectively providing pressurized air from multiple air sources to a heat exchanger to cool the pressurized air. The cooled pressurized air is distributed to multiple fluid-supplied areas within the gas turbine engine.08-01-2013
20130192236Method For Transferring Fuel - A method for transferring fuel includes flowing water to at least one nozzle of a main fuel circuit. Also included is flowing oil to the at least one nozzle of the main fuel circuit. Further included is flowing liquid fuel to the at least one nozzle of the main fuel circuit, wherein flowing water to the at least one nozzle of the main fuel circuit occurs prior to flowing oil to the at least one nozzle of the main fuel circuit and flowing liquid fuel to the at least one nozzle of the main fuel circuit.08-01-2013
20120023956POWER PLANT AND METHOD OF OPERATION - A power plant and method of operation is provided. The power plant comprises at least one main air compressor, an oxidizer unit configured to deliver a compressed oxygen-rich gas flow to at least one gas turbine assembly. Each assembly comprises a turbine combustor for mixing the compressed oxygen-rich gas flow with a recirculated gas flow and a fuel stream to burn a combustible mixture and form the recirculated gas flow. The assembly also comprises a recirculation loop for recirculating the recirculated gas flow from a turbine to a turbine compressor. The assembly further comprises a recirculated gas flow extraction path for extracting a portion of the recirculated gas flow from the assembly and delivering this to a gas separation system. The gas separation system separates the portion of the recirculated gas flow into a nitrogen portion and a carbon dioxide portion.02-02-2012
20120291446Combustor - A highly-reliable combustor is provided that allows flash back of flame into a premixer to be suppressed.11-22-2012
20100000221Method for producing fuel and power from a methane hydrate bed using a gas turbine engine - A method of producing natural gas fuel from gas hydrate beds is provided wherein a gas turbine engine is operated thereby producing power and hot exhaust. A portion of the heat from the hot exhaust is transferred to water and the heated water is passed downhole and brought into thermal contact with a hydrate bed thereby dissociating hydrate and producing hydrate gas. Sufficient fuel is then passed to the engine for operation.01-07-2010
20130199192SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR GAS TURBINE NOX EMISSION IMPROVEMENT - In one embodiment of the present disclosure, a gas turbine system for NOx emission reduction and part load efficiency improvement is described. The system includes a gas turbine having a compressor which receives inlet-air. A direct-contact heat exchanger heats and humidifies the inlet-air before the inlet-air flows to the compressor. Heating the inlet-air reduces an output of the gas turbine and extends the turndown range. Humidifying the inlet-air can lower NOx emissions from the gas turbine unit.08-08-2013
20130098049SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING AND REDUCING NOx EMISSIONS - A system includes a gas production source configured to produce a gas stream comprising nitrogen oxides (NO04-25-2013
20120085099TUNABLE SEAL IN A GAS TURBINE ENGINE - A system and method for tuning a gas turbine combustion system having a plurality of seals positioned between the combustion system and the turbine inlet is disclosed. The system and method provide ways of permitting a predetermined amount of compressed air to bypass the combustion system and enter the turbine so as to control emissions and dynamics of the combustion system. The seals contain a plurality of holes to meter airflow passing therethrough and are positioned such that they can be removed from the engine and modified to increase or decrease the amount of air passing therethrough.04-12-2012
20130205795TURBOMACHINE FLOW IMPROVEMENT SYSTEM - A turbomachine includes a housing that defines a flow path, and a stage arranged within the housing. The stage includes a plurality of rotating airfoil members and a first plurality of stationary airfoil members. A second plurality of stationary airfoil members is arranged directly adjacent to the first plurality of stationary airfoil members. A flow improvement system is associated with each of the first and second pluralities of stationary airfoil members. The flow improvement system establishes a predetermined clocking of each of the first plurality of stationary airfoil members relative to each of the second plurality of stationary airfoil members to improve flow characteristics along the flow path.08-15-2013
20130205796HEAT INTEGRATION IN CO2 CAPTURE - A power plant for combustion of carbonaceous fuels with CO08-15-2013

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