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052 - Static structures (e.g., buildings)

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Class / Patent application numberDescriptionNumber of patent applications / Date published
052167400 Relative motion means between a structure and its foundation 40
052167300 Cross bracing 24
052167200 Dynamic force generator 7
20100043317FRICTIONAL DAMPER FOR DAMPING MOVEMENT OF STRUCTURES - The invention is a damper and a method for protecting buildings and similar structural systems from dynamic loading such as loading caused by earthquakes, strong winds or machine vibrations. More specifically, the damper is made from structural members being interconnected in frictional or visco-elastically dampened rotational joints. Due to the dampening of the joints, relative movement between the structural elements is dampened. In particular, the damper is useful for base isolation, e.g., in order to allow a building or a machine to move in a dampened movement relative to its foundation or in order to allow a cable stay of a cable stay bridge to move in a dampened movement relative to its fixation point on the bridge.02-25-2010
20100043316Steel-frame building and method of making - An improved building structure and method for making steel frame buildings includes a beam-to-column or beams-to-column joint or connection which is most preferably shop fabricated (as opposed to on-site fabrication) and which offers a considerable savings in both steel requirements (i.e., material savings) and labor to make the joint connection. Also, because material utilization is improved in the connection, the new structure is more resistant to damage by seismic events (i.e., earthquake), by severe weather, and to damage from blast effects (i.e., terrorist attack or accident), than was the prior technology. The improved building structure also mitigates against progressive collapse of the building.02-25-2010
20090165404METHOD FOR RETROFITTING REINFORCED CONCRETE COLUMN USING MULTI-LAYERED STEEL PLATES, AND RETROFITTING STRUCTURE OF REINFORCED CONCRETE COLUMN USING THE SAME - A method for retrofitting a reinforced concrete column by compressing a reinforcing plate including a steel plate using an external pressure is provided. The reinforcing plate is compressed to double-layer or more, that is, multi-layer in due order, on the reinforced concrete column. Accordingly, since a workability of the retrofit is excellent and since the reinforcing plate is easily compressed on the surface of the reinforced concrete column by a small lateral pressure, sufficiently the reinforced concrete column could be reinforced. Besides, a compressive strength of the reinforced concrete column could be increased. In addition, the flexibility of the reinforcing plate and the energy absorption force of the reinforcing plate could be increased.07-02-2009
20130047523PASSIVE STRUCTURES WITH HIGH STIFFNESS AND HIGH DAMPING PROPERTIES - A passive structural system includes a structural element which may be subjected to energy which gives rise to vibration in the element. At least one bi-stable sub-structure is coupled to the element. Each bi-stable sub-structure has two stable equilibrium states between which the sub-structure can physically transition when subjected to a sufficient amount of energy which gives rise to vibration in the element, with each bi-stable sub-structure arranged to dissipate at least a portion of the energy and thereby damp the vibration in the structural element when it transitions from one equilibrium state to the other. The passive structural system may also be intentionally mistuned such that when subjected to energy which gives rise to vibration, the vibration energy is substantially confined to localized regions within the system. The bi-stable structures are then located in the localized regions and arranged to dissipate the localized vibration energy.02-28-2013
20130086850MODULAR BUILDING CONSTRUCTION SYSTEM USING LIGHT WEIGHT PANELS - Light-weight modular panel systems including a plurality of panels formed of a cementitious material, with a fiber-reinforced shell layer and an adjacent substrate layer. The panels employ a light-weight aggregate that provides the panels with the ability to be cut, sanded, drilled, screwed, and otherwise shaped using common wood working tools. A dual panel thickness wall construction may be formed by using the panels to provide interior and exterior portions of a wall construction. Seams between adjoining panels may be spanned with fiberglass mesh and bonded with polymer modified cementitious adhesive, providing excellent strength in that the joints between adjacent modular panels do not represent a weak point of the wall construction. The resulting wall provides greater strength than the individual panels, and results in a monocoque structure in which interior and exterior panels, and their respective fiber reinforced layers are spaced apart from one another.04-11-2013
20130086851DOORS AND WINDOWS SYSTEM HAVING EARTHQUAKE-RESISTANT PERFORMANCE - A Door or window system having earthquake-resistant performance, comprising: a main frame having two vertical frame members that are separated so as to be mutually parallel to each other, and an upper frame member and a lower frame member connected to the upper and lower end portions of the vertical frame members; a plurality of pillar members that are separated from the vertical frame members and arranged side by side thereto; a support beam, which is fixed to the end portions of the pillar members, extends horizontally, and has both end portions separated from the vertical frame members; and a damper, which is fixed between the support beam and the upper frame member, or between the support beam and the lower frame member, receives a horizontal load applied from the exterior, and is plastically-deformed when yielding to a horizontal load that is more than the tolerated horizontal load.04-11-2013
20130055660STRUCTURE FOR STRENGTHENING OF BUILDING COLUMN STRUCTURES - An earthquake-resistant strengthening structure for building column structures, includes: a plurality of strengthening plates which are made of fiber sheet, are coupled by a concavo-convex structure in a vertical direction and are coupled by a sliding coupler in a horizontal direction; and mortar which strengthens a coupling between the strengthening plates and adheres the strengthening plates to an earthquake-resistant object. The earthquake-resistant strengthening structure is light, can be easily coupled or assembled, and provides a large binding force and tensile force by structural engagement between pieces of the strengthening plates and fusion of bonding materials. In addition, since the strengthening plates are made of glass fiber or carbon fiber, it is possible to provide an optimal earthquake-resistant strengthening structure having high durability, flexibility and strength with no corrosion.03-07-2013
20120233935GUSSET BLOCK CONSTRUCTION - Gusset Block Construction deals with a block that is cored from all sides. The blocks are cubes and elongated cubes with a pyramid or elongated pyramid shaped cavity on each side resulting in a block in which each of the twelve edges is central on a gusset shape extending from said edge to the central axis of the block. With the use of a second octahedron block that fits within the pyramid shaped cavities a wall that requires no fastening can be built by placing octahedrons in the top cavities of a layer of blocks and placing another layer of blocks on it. These blocks will be able to come apart at the joints during an earthquake without completely disassembling and can return to original position when the earthquake stops. They can be molded in a two piece split mold and are scaleable; tapered piers could be made.09-20-2012
20110283634SEISMIC PERIMETER BRACE - A seismic bracket for supporting ends of suspended ceiling grid runners from a wall comprising a stamped sheet metal body, the body having a horizontally extending portion and a vertically extending portion, the vertically extending portion, in its installed position, rising above the top of a standard grid runner a distance at least 1½ times the height of such standard grid runner, the vertically extending portion having two sections generally coextensive in the vertical direction, a first section being integral with the horizontally extending portion and a second section arranged to be in a vertical plane that intersects a vertical plane occupied by the horizontally extending portion, the horizontally extending portion being arranged to support a grid runner to move longitudinally a limited distance, the second section of the vertically extending portion having an aperture for securing the bracket to the wall at a location substantially above the grid tee.11-24-2011
20120000147DUAL-CORE SELF-CENTERING ENERGY DISSIPATION BRACE APPARATUS - A dual-core self-centering brace apparatus is mounted to a building, and includes a first core member, at least one second core member, an outer sleeve disposed around the first and second core members, two inner abutment plates abutting respectively against two ends of the first core member, two outer abutment plates abutting respectively against two ends of the second core member, a plurality of tensioning members, and an energy-dissipating unit for retarding relative movement of the first core member and the outer sleeve. When subjected to an external force, the length of each of the tensioning elements is increased by an elongation amount, and the total length of the first core member and the outer sleeve is increased by an amount that is two times the elongation amount.01-05-2012
20110289863SEISMIC ISOLATION APPARATUS AND STRUCTURE HAVING SEISMIC ISOLATION APPARATUS - To provide a seismic isolation apparatus which, as well as widening an applicable shaking range, can be easily configured and is low in height, a seismic isolation apparatus is configured of a low friction combination formed by a point contact between a planar hard base plate, which has a surface on which are disposed at least three convexly curved projections of a uniform height, and a glide plate which is a smooth, hard, flat plate.12-01-2011
20110277397Restoration Anchoring System - A restoration anchoring system for use in cavity wall structures having an inner wythe and an outer wythe that requires remediation or re-anchoring is disclosed. The anchoring system employs a three-part system that is installed within the existing bed joints of the outer wythe to reattach and re-anchor the outer wythe to the structural inner wythe. The three-part system includes a helical dowel, a seismic T-clip and a reinforcement member. The helical dowel is self-threading and self-drilling. When the three-part system is installed within the outer wythe and attached to the inner wythe, the system is captively embedded in the outer wythe thereby providing a seismic construct.11-17-2011
20100101160Method and Apparatus for Increasing the Energy Dissipation of Structural Elements - According to one embodiment, the energy dissipation of a structural element is increased by inserting one or more resisting elements into the structural element at any time during or after construction of the structural element. The continuous resisting elements are rigidly attached to the structural at one end and connected to the structural element by and through a damping material over at least a portion of its length. When a dynamic force is applied to the structural elements, such as may result from wind or earthquakes, there will be a strain in the structure, in a direction parallel with the longitudinal direction of the resisting elements. In this way, the forces and deformations within the structure will result in a relative motion between the structural element and resisting element, a substantial portion of which is ultimately transmitted by and through the damping material layer. In transmitting such a force and movement through the damping material layer, a portion of the energy associated with such force and movement is dissipated.04-29-2010
20090211180BEARING BRACE APPARATUS - The present invention is directed to a brace apparatus having a core member configured to absorb energy generated by seismic or other forces by undergoing plastic deformation. A buckling restraining assembly is included for maintaining the structural integrity of the brace after the core member has undergone plastic deformation. The buckling restraining assembly includes one or more bearings is located proximal the core member. The bearings are adapted to minimize friction between the core member and the buckling restraining apparatus. An air gap is positioned between the core member and the one or more bearings of the buckling restraining apparatus are adapted to prevent bonding of the core member and buckling restraining assembly. Projections are included in the core member of the brace apparatus to minimize movement of the middle portion of the core member relative to the buckling restraining assembly.08-27-2009
20120317899MODULAR WALL SYSTEM - A moveable and demountable wall panel system for defining an office space with a plurality of wall panels disposable in a substantially upright manner between a floor and a ceiling each having respectively a series of uppermost and lowermost deviations. The system includes at least one prefabricated frameless panel, the top edge of each panel being provided with a ceiling track configured for being removably insertable into a corresponding ceiling rail. The system also includes a bottom floor channel associated with each corresponding panel and being configured for operatively resting against the floor opposite to the ceiling rail. The system also includes first and second height adjustment assemblies associated with each panel and insertable into a corresponding bottom floor channel.12-20-2012
20090282753Shock-Resisting Steel Concrete Structure - The present invention discloses a shock-resisting steel concrete structure including an external steel-plate frame covered onto a corresponding steel body, and a concrete filled up into the external steel-plate frame for engaging the steel bodies, steel wires and external steel-plates. The steel wires are used for connecting the steel bodies and woven into a mesh shape. Connecting wires are provided for connecting and engaging the external steel-plate frame and the steel bodies when the concrete is filled. A structure with a tight connection of the steel bodies, external steel-plate frames and concrete provides a better shock resistance, and effectively prevents accidents caused by concrete spalling.11-19-2009
20120055102Functional System for a Cement Mortar Panel with Prestressed Biaxial Reinforcement - This functional system for a cement mortar panel (03-08-2012
20090126288Shape memory alloy composite material shock and vibration isolator devices - A shock and vibration isolator device has one or more connecting elements of a superelastic shape memory alloy composite material extending between a base member, configured to mount to a structure or ground, and a mounting member, configured to support equipment or machinery. The superelastic shape memory alloy composite material is formed of a plurality of superelastic wires embedded in an elastomeric matrix material.05-21-2009
20090049766Wall-Ceiling Slip Joint Permitting Seismic Induced Movement - A wall panel-ceiling engagement device is designed to couple a wall panel to a ceiling. The engagement device, when engaged with the ceiling, holds the wall panel stationary without any fasteners, braces or other securing members that penetrate into the ceiling. The engagement device includes a pair of wall extensions secured to opposite sides of the wall panel and that contain a sound and/or attenuating material, such as a foam material, therebetween. Corner braces are used to join adjacent wall-panels to one another. The corner braces also function to allow the wall panels to sway as a collective and connected unit during seismic events.02-26-2009
20080307722Fork Configuration Dampers and Method of Using Same - A new configuration damper, for interconnecting two elements of a structure that undergo relative movements and deformations, that increase the level of damping when the overall structure is subjected to a loading condition is disclosed. The new configuration damper aides in controlling displacements, velocities and accelerations under dynamic loading in structural systems.12-18-2008
20100186315EARTHQUAKE RESISTANT CURTAIN WALLS WITH SUSPENDED GLAZED PANELS - This invention refers to curtain walls capable of resisting the seismic forces of major earthquakes without breakage of their glass panes and without deformation or distortion of their structure. The above can be achieved through the operational separation of the curtain wall of each storey from those of adjacent storeys, by formation of a sliding line on the top of the windows (07-29-2010
20100186316Engineered Wood Construction System for High Performance Structures - A building includes a connection between an engineered wood load bearing element of the building such as a column, beam, or load bearing panel, and another load bearing element or a foundation of the building. At least one tendon ties the load bearing elements or the load bearing element and the foundation together. One or more energy dissipaters, replacably connected between the load bearing element and/or the foundation, absorb energy when a loading event causes relative movement of the connection. The engineered wood element maybe a laminated veneer lumber element, a parallel strand lumber element, or a glue laminated timber element, for example. Typically all of the load bearing elements of the building will be engineered wood elements. The building may be single or multi-storey. The building system enables lightweight low cost buildings, with energy dissipaters which may be replaced after extreme loading. The building may be prefabricated07-29-2010
20120066986MULTI-DIRECTIONAL TORSIONAL HYSTERETIC DAMPER (MTHD) - The invention relates to seismic protection (anti-seismic) devices and, in particular, to seismic hysteretic dampers, used to protect the structures against severe earthquakes. These devices are installed at points where large displacements are expected due to earthquake shakings, such as between a bridge deck and bearing points of said bridge (e.g. the pier cap beam).03-22-2012
20090064602Earthquake-resistant flat expansion joint using hinge - An earthquake-resistant flat expansion joint using a hinge is provided which includes an expansion joint main body disposed between opposite ends of deck slabs of a bridge or an elevated road, hinged to one side of the deck slab at its one end to enable behavior in X, Y and Z-axis directions, and expanded or shrunk depending on temperature variation and vibrations due to earthquakes to be moved in the X, Y and Z-axis directions, an expansion/shrinkage member connected to one end of the expansion joint main body to accommodate the behavior in X, Y and Z-axis directions due to expansion and shrinkage of the expansion joint main body caused by temperature variation and occurrence of the earthquakes, a hinge shaft support member installed at one end of the deck slab to support a lower part and side parts of a hinge shaft part of the expansion joint main body, an expansion joint support member installed at one end of the other deck slab to support lower parts of an expansion part of the expansion joint main body and the expansion/shrinkage member, anchor bolts for fixing the hinge shaft support member and the expansion joint support member to the opposite deck slabs, and a rubber seal disposed under the expansion joint main body and detachably installed at a space between both opposite ends of the deck slabs to collect rainwater and foreign substances.03-12-2009
20090260304Damper and vibration damping structure using the same - A damper includes a hollow outer elongated body; a hollow inner elongated body; a liquid viscous body or liquid viscoelastic body disposed in a gap between an inner surface of the elongated body and an outer surface of the elongated body in such a manner as to be in contact with the inner surface and the outer surface of these elongated bodies, respectively; and first and second attaching structures. Further, a controller may be provided to control an increase or decrease in the internal pressure of the liquid viscous body or the liquid viscoelastic body.10-22-2009
20080250731Spring-loaded post extension for resilient support of ceiling grids during seismic events - A spring-loaded post extension for resilient support of ceiling grids during seismic events. The post extension includes a fixed cylindrical housing and a movable spring-biased assembly, axially coincident therewith. The housing is connected to the side of a fixed support post. The assembly includes a support tube extending partly within the lower end of the cylindrical housing. The bottom of the support tube is connected to a ceiling grid junction. A threaded rod has an upper portion extending above the upper end of the housing, and a lower portion extending through the housing to connect to the top of the support tube. An exterior spring fits over the upper portion of the rod, and an interior spring fits over the lower portion of the rod. Nuts on the rod provide means to tension both springs into slight compression, defining a spring-biased normal position for the support tube.10-16-2008
20110041424Grouted Tubular Energy-Dissipation Unit - The present invention discloses a grouted tubular energy-dissipation unit comprising an inner tube and an outer tube. The inner tube is coaxially inserted into the outer tube defining a gap within a lapping portion of the tubes for receiving expansive cement grout. After solidified, the expansive cement grout forms an expansive ring. A prestress produced by the expansive cement grout increases the friction between the expansive ring and the tubes. In service, the present invention can transfer the axial force via the friction between the tubes and the expansive cement grout. In case of earthquake, the sliding friction between the tubes and the expansive cement grout can absorb energy. The present invention does not require high precise in manufacturing and constructing, saves steel and has low cost. It is only need to replace the grouted tubular energy-dissipation unit when the present invention is damaged in earthquake, which is very convenient.02-24-2011
20120240487INSTALLATION STRUCTURE OF BASE OF EXTERIOR WALL - In external renovation of a wooden framework house in which a bearing face material is used as an exterior wall base member, is capable of partly increasing the wall strength factor, thereby providing a high degree of freedom of seismic design and, furthermore, facilitating installation of an exterior material such as ceramic siding after seismic reinforcement.09-27-2012
20110067324Method and apparatus for providing a segmented ballast base support structure for unstable ground installation - Unstable ground is found in many situations in many locations around the world and causes such locations to be unsuitable for building without further support or stabilization. Unstable ground, such as landfills, can be used for beneficial purposes as opposed to laying dormant. A segmented ballast base support structure according to an embodiment of the present invention can be configured to support free-standing structures, such as solar power collection systems and wind turbines. The segmented ballast base support structure can be deployed at unstable ground sites without digging or expensive filling stabilization techniques. Segments of the base support structure can be precast at an offsite location and transported to a site in segments and sections. The segmented base support structure allows for a cost effective solution to digging, as well as an easier method of shipping and transporting structures that would otherwise have to be built on site.03-24-2011
20110173902Anchor System for Composite Panel - Anchoring systems for use in cavity wall structures having an inner wythe constructed of interengaged composite panels and a veneer outer wythe are disclosed. The wall anchor is disposed within the juncture of the interengaged composite panels and fastened to the frame. The wall anchor maintains a strong interlock with the composite panels and backup wall, maintains insulation integrity and limits thermal transfer, without obstructing the juncture of the composite panels. The anchoring system interlocks with varied veneer ties, allowing vertical and horizontal adjustment for alignment with the bed joints. The anchoring system for composite panels provides an economical, high strength, low weight, insulated backup wall construction for interengagement with a veneer outer wythe.07-21-2011
20090301003WALL STRUCTURE WITH HOLLOW PLASTIC MODULES - The wall is formed by stacking hollow plastic modular elements (12-10-2009
20110061315ELASTIC CONSTRUCTION FOUNDATION METHOD - The structure bearing surface is artificially constructed, avoiding any foundation failures which, according to aftershock data, have already occurred resulting in cracks or even in complete rupture of joints. Anti-seismic insulation is then created by using cell cushions, whereas erosion to connecting mechanisms as well as to the primary shock-proof mechanism may be prevented by using insulators. The sand ensures stable working surface for the equal load distribution during the time required for the construction, as well as following the completion of the project. Moreover, at the time of the earthquake, the mechanical properties of the sand shall provide elasticity, enhancing the shock-proof properties of cushions, preventing at the same time the uneven load distribution on building frame. The connecting mechanisms, which are fixed on the main points of both sides of the entire project, shall provide the secure operation of shock-proof mechanism.03-17-2011
20120042584Seismic ceiling support - In a panel suspended ceiling for seismic prone areas, a superstructure extends from and above the ceiling grid. The superstructure is engaged within a lateral support bar that slidably supports the superstructure, and ceiling, during a seismic event.02-23-2012
20120005971Modular building system - A modular building system uses a perimeter bond beam and prefabricated wall panels to form an exterior curtain wall. The wall panels are captured within, and may move vertically inside a channel formed in the bond beam. The wall panels are quickly erected by inserting an upper edge of each panel into the channel and swinging the panel onto the foundation where it is claimed in place on the foundation.01-12-2012
20090133338Energy-absorbing and force-limiting friction coupling - A device having kinetic energy-absorbing properties is connectable between selected points within a structure, for example a building within a seismic area. When one connectable part moves against another during an earthquake, friction is ensured by tension implanted internally at the time of manufacture, when one part of the device had been yieldingly forced into place in relation to another part. When in use the device provides a damping force should a force applied b etween its parts be greater than or equal to a predetermined force at which sliding friction begins.05-28-2009
20100011680Aseismatic reinforcing structure of double flooring and aseismatic reinforcing method of double flooring - An aseismatic reinforcing structure of a double flooring and an aseismatic reinforcing method of the double flooring, in which by providing iron pillars for the double flooring in which a space is formed between a floor slab of a building and a floor portion supported to leg bodies arranged on the floor slab, a natural frequency of the floor portion is raised, and an amplification of a shake of a free-access panel constructing a floor surface that is caused by a resonance is prevented or suppressed, thereby improving aseismatic performance.01-21-2010
20120247036CABLE FRICTION DAMPER - A method and a device for damping relative motion between structural elements (10-04-2012
20120255243Seismic coupler - A seismic coupler includes two coupling members each having an end receptacle for securing to a reinforcing bar of a column of reinforced concrete; and a flexible assembly comprising a cylindrical core formed of alloy, a plurality of steel first rings put on the core, a plurality of flexible second rings put on the core in an alternating fashion with respect to the first rings, a flexible sleeve put on the first and second rings to have both ends being flush with that of the core, two cup-shaped cap members engaged each other to conceal the core, the first and second rings, and the sleeve, and two sets of a plurality of fasteners driven through the coupling members and the cup-shaped cap members into the first rings.10-11-2012
20120260585DAMPING SYSTEM - A damper has two sets of first elongate members, second elongate members that are connected so that they can rotate and that connect the first elongate members to one another, and damping members which attenuate the relative movement between the first elongate members and the second elongate members. The respective first joints of each of the first members are connected to the first connection members and the second connection members so that they can rotate. The first joint of the first elongate member, the first joints of the other first elongate members, and each of the second joints are located along the common axes.10-18-2012
20100024323Energy Saving House - An energy-saving house, has a main frame, an enclosed wall, a floor cover plate, a top cover plate, a separation wall, a bathroom, and stairs. The enclosed wall is assembled from multiple integral composite prefabricated external wallboards and fixed on the main frame via an energy-dissipating connector. The bathroom and the stair are integrally prefabricated and directly installed. The energy-saving house features low power consumption, high construction efficiency, short construction time, low noise, low dust, light weight, good anti-seismic performance, and small thermal conductivity and is applicable to multi-floor houses and high rise buildings.02-04-2010
20090211179DAMPING FOR TALL STRUCTURES - A tall structure comprising two vertical parts is provided with a vertically orientated damping element, wherein the damping element is arranged to damp relative vertical movement between the two parts.08-27-2009
20110146166INHABITABLE SPACE FRAMES - An inhabitable space frame (06-23-2011
20130019545Engineered Wood Construction System for High Performance Structures - A building includes a connection between an engineered wood load bearing element of the building such as a column, beam, or load bearing panel, and another load bearing element or a foundation of the building. At least one tendon ties the load bearing elements or the load bearing element and the foundation together. One or more energy dissipaters, replaceably connected between the load bearing element and/or the foundation, absorb energy when a loading event causes relative movement of the connection. The engineered wood element may be a laminated veneer lumber element, a parallel strand lumber element, or a glue laminated timber element, for example. Typically all of the load bearing elements of the building will be engineered wood elements. The building may be single or multi-storey. The building system enables lightweight low cost buildings, with energy dissipaters which may be replaced after extreme loading. The building may be prefabricated.01-24-2013
20080229682ASEISMIC JOINT - A seismic joint, for covering a gap (09-25-2008
20130174500SEISMIC RESISTANT GRID CEILING SUSPENSION SYSTEM AND METHOD OF INSTALLATION - Ceiling suspension system including a plurality of rigid, elongated seismic joists interposed between opposing walls of a room, spaced selected distances apart along a horizontal support plane, and hangers suspended from the respective joists to support a grid from the respective lower ends thereof.07-11-2013
20130174501COMPRESSED ELASTOMER DAMPER FOR EARTHQUAKE HAZARD REDUCTION - A passive damper for earthquake hazard reduction includes an inner member received in an outer member, with an elastomeric material disposed in the gaps between the inner and outer member. The elastomeric material has at least a first and a second portion. The first portion is bonded or connected to both the inner member and outer member such that no slippage occurs between the members and the material. The second portion is not bonded or connected to at least one of the inner and outer members such that slippage may occur.07-11-2013
20130118097MODULAR SAFETY SYSTEM - Embodiments provide modular seismic safety systems and methods of providing safe zones and emergency equipment for use in public and private buildings. In various embodiments, the modular safety systems may include at least one safety module that may be installed in a pre-existing structure in order to provide a safety zone configured to withstand a seismic emergency. In various embodiments, the safety module may be configured to withstand the forces of an earthquake, and may be seismically isolated from the preexisting structure by an expansion joint. In some embodiments, a plurality of safety modules may be installed, and they may work together to form in internal bracing structure. Various embodiments also may include a freestanding safety capsule that contains safety equipment and that is exterior to the building. Also disclosed are methods of providing a cost-effective modular safety system for use in a school or other public building.05-16-2013
20130118098NEGATIVE STIFFNESS DEVICE AND METHOD - A negative stiffness device and method for seismic protection of a structure is described. In one embodiment, the device has an anchor frame and a movement frame laterally translatable relative to the anchor frame. The anchor frame and movement frame have respective extension portions. A linkage is pivotably connected to the extension portion of the anchor frame. A compressed spring has a first end is attached to the extension portion of the movement frame and a second end attached to the linkage. The compressed spring has a spring force. In a rest state, the compressed spring does not apply a lateral force to the movement frame. In an engaged state, the compressed spring is configured to apply a lateral force to displace the movement frame in a lateral direction of a seismic load. The spring force is amplified by the linkage when the movement frame is laterally displaced to an amplification point.05-16-2013
20080202044Removable Protection-Display Device For Pillars - The invention relates to a removable protector/display device for columns. The invention includes a flexible laminated panel having a flame-retardant elastomer base. The outer visible face of the base is permanently equipped with a flame-retardant, self-adhesive piece of canvas. The flexible panel includes vertical end strips with two overlapping detachable loop-type edge pieces connected to the inner face of the base and to the canvas. The edge pieces surround the respective outer vertical edge of both layers of the flexible panel to form a casing into which two steel rods are inserted. The casings have mutually-facing holes that expose the steel rods which are connected to one another by corresponding clamps, which are shorter than the distance between the steel rods. The assembly forms a seam in the flexible panel which is tightened around the column.08-28-2008
20110219710System and method of reinforcing shaped columns - Reinforcing system (09-15-2011
20130145702Earthquake-Resistant Structure and Earthquake-Resistant Construction Method - Disclosed are an earthquake-resistant structure and an earthquake-resistant construction method which secure survival space and breathable space in a building even when the building is damaged by an earthquake, thus suppressing victims originating from earthquake disaster. Partitions inside the building are removed, and steel racks that support the dead load of a building above the floors when the structure framework of the building is damaged by an earthquake are disposed in an exclusive area in the building to partition the exclusive area into rooms. Joint members or the like which connect a plurality of steel racks are attached to hold the layout form of the steel racks.06-13-2013
20130145703Seismological Engineering - The invention is directed to develop for the construction method for strong resistance to the earthquake according to new architecture rationale which all construction for building should be founded on the platform to be moved in alignment with the movement of the earthquake eliminating any piles to drive into the earth to adhere and building materials to combine each other firmly, by means of converting the vibration energy of the earthquake into the kinetic energy either to run idle the balls or to operate the up and down movement of the cylinder applied to the pile as the leg of the building rested on the ground in alignment with the movement of earthquake to deteriorate efficiency of transmissibility or to consume away for vibration energy of the earthquake as much as possible from an architectural point of view, it were just like idling operation as if car tires have sunk into sand.06-13-2013
20120017523METAL JOINT, DAMPING STRUCTURE, AND ARCHITECTURAL CONSTRUCTION - The invention provides a metal joint connecting a pair of subject members relatively displaceable in one direction, a metal joint connecting a pair of subject members relatively displaceable in one direction, the metal joint comprising: multiple first attachment portions attached to one of the subject members; a second attachment portion attached to an other of the subject members; and multiple plate portions connecting between the first attachment portions and the second attachment portion to each other, wherein an attachment direction of each of the first attachment portions with respect to one subject member and an attachment direction of the second attachment portion with respect to the other subject member are set so that a surfaces of the plate portions follow a direction of the relative displacement.01-26-2012
20130199112STRUCTURAL SHEARWALL - A shearwall adapted for use in a building or other structure includes a main concrete portion and structural reinforcement positioned within the main concrete portion. The shearwall is configured to resist lateral forces to which the building or other structure may be subjected. Further, the shearwall is configured to accommodate a vertical load such that the need for at least one separate structural column is eliminated.08-08-2013
20130205689CONNECTOR FOR SUSPENDED METAL CEILING FRAMEWORK AND CEILING EMPLOYING SAME - A connector for a ceiling framework including profile sections crossing one another at right angles for connecting the profile sections by being fitted to ends of certain profile sections which fit into apertures pierced in other profile sections. The connector includes two parts, a primary clip and a secondary clip, the two parts being associated with one another via a meltable mechanism capable of melting at a temperature of a fire to separate the two parts. In a fire, the secondary clips become detached allowing the primary clips to fit more deeply into the apertures of the profile sections, making it possible to absorb expansions due to heat of the fire and keep the framework and the ceiling sections it supports in place. The connector can be applied to the field of building construction, for example.08-15-2013