Inventors list

Assignees list

Classification tree browser

Top 100 Inventors

Top 100 Assignees


Containig triglycerides (e.g., castor oil, corn oil, olive oil, lard, etc.)

Subclass of:

044 - Fuel and related compositions

044300000 - LIQUID FUELS (EXCLUDING FUELS THAT ARE EXCLUSIVELY MIXTURES OF LIQUID HYDROCARBONS)

044307000 - Plant or animal extract mixtures or extracts of indeterminate structure containing

Patent class list (only not empty are listed)

Deeper subclasses:

Entries
DocumentTitleDate
20090071063PROCESS AND SYSTEM FOR PRODUCING BIODIESEL FUEL - Disclosed and claimed herein is a system and method for producing biodiesel fuel from low quality feedstock sources of free fatty acids. The system includes a reaction chamber having a jacket for circulating heating fluid around the chamber; a feedstock pre-treatment assembly; a methoxide reaction tank; a settling tank; a crude biodiesel wash assembly; and, a methanol recovery assembly, also referred to as a methanol recoverer herein.03-19-2009
20090193709Production of Diesel Fuel from Biorenewable Feedstocks with Lower Hydrogen Consumption - A process has been developed for producing diesel boiling range fuel from renewable feedstocks such as plant and animal fats and oils. The process involves treating a renewable feedstock by hydrogenating and deoxygenating i.e. decarboxylating, decarbonylating, and hydrodeoxygenating to provide a hydrocarbon fraction useful as a diesel boiling range fuel. A sulfur containing component is added to drive the conversion preferentially through carbonylation and carbonylation with reduced hydrodeoxygenation. If desired, the hydrocarbon fraction can be isomerized to improve cold flow properties.08-06-2009
20100083564Diesel Fuel Composition - The present invention is a hybrid diesel fuel and method of manufacture. The fuel composes a petroleum diesel fuel mixed into a biosynthetic waste or virgin oil and further containing a stabilizer. The hybrid fuel consists essentially of about 10% to 50% of Diesel Number 1, Diesel Number 2, or Farm Diesel petroleum fuels, and up to 90% filtered and polished biosynthetic oil, measured by volume. The biosynthetic oil can contain all levels of common commercial vegetable and animal fats in any ratio. The hybrid fuel also contains up to about 0.17% stabilizer, which further contains cetane boosters, cleaning agents to remove deposits from the fuel system, a lubricant, demulsifiers, and anti-gelling agents. The invention functions as biocide to inhibit bacterial growth. The invention is substantially equivalent to Diesel Number 2 in terms of power and engine speed, but is cleaner burning and considerably less costly.04-08-2010
20090119980ABANDONED MINE DISCHARGE ALGAE CLEAN UP - Disclosed herein is a new method of producing biodiesel fuel using algae grown on the polluted water from mine acid water drainage ponds. By directly using the water from the mines the necessity of adding costly nutrient chemicals to the water to produce the algae is eliminated.05-14-2009
20090255171SINGLE-REACTOR PROCESS FOR PRODUCING LIQUID-PHASE ORGANIC COMPOUNDS FROM BIOMASS - Disclosed is a method for preparing liquid fuel and chemical intermediates from biomass-derived oxygenated hydrocarbons. The method includes the steps of reacting in a single reactor an aqueous solution of a biomass-derived, water-soluble oxygenated hydrocarbon reactant, in the presence of a catalyst comprising a metal selected from the group consisting of Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Mo, Tc, Ru, Rh, Pd, Ag, W, Re, Os, Ir, Pt, and Au, at a temperature, and a pressure, and for a time sufficient to yield a self-separating, three-phase product stream comprising a vapor phase, an organic phase containing linear and/or cyclic mono-oxygenated hydrocarbons, and an aqueous phase.10-15-2009
20100043280BIO-FUEL AND PROCESS FOR MAKING BIO-FUEL - A method of producing biodiesel from a source of triglycerides. The source of triglycerides is reacted with a blended alcohol composition in the presence of a catalyst to form a mixture of at least one fatty acid alcohol ester and glycerin. The fatty acid alcohol ester is then separated from the glycerin and is purified to produce a biofuel. The blended alcohol composition comprises at least one lower alcohol, a ketone and ethyl acetate. The use of the blended alcohol composition allows the transesterification process to proceed under ambient temperature and pressure conditions within a relatively short reaction time.02-25-2010
20100043279HYDROCRACKING PROCESS FOR BIOLOGICAL FEEDSTOCKS AND HYDROCARBONS PRODUCED THEREFROM - A process for hydrocracking biomass, and the hydrocarbons produced therefrom. A feed stream having free fatty acids, fatty acid esters, or combinations thereof is contacted with a first catalyst under hydrogen pressure and heat. The hydrocarbon product stream which is comprised predominantly of n-paraffins is separated into heavy and light fractions. The heavy fraction is contacted with a second catalyst under hydrogen pressure and heat to produce an effluent stream which is combined with the light n-paraffin fraction to form a unique middle distillate product useful as a diesel or jet fuel.02-25-2010
20090158640PROCESS FOR PRODUCING BIODIESEL WITH IMPROVED FILTRATION CHARACTERISTICS AND BIODIESEL THUS PRODUCED - A process for the production and purification of fatty acid esters of lower alkyl alcohols with improved filtration characteristics comprising the steps of: a) transesterifying a mixture of fatty acid esters of glycerol with a lower alkyl alcohol while using an alkaline catalyst; b) separating the reaction mixture resulting from step (a) into a glycerol phase and a fatty acid lower alkyl ester phase; c) inactivating the catalytic intermediates present in said fatty acid lower alkyl ester phase; d) removing the lower alkyl alcohol from the mixture resulting from step (c) by evaporation at reduced pressure to a value of less than 2% by weight; e) treating the evaporation residue resulting from step (d) with water; and f) isolating the fatty acid esters of lower alcohols by drying the product resulting from step (e); and biodiesel containing FAME produced according to this process.06-25-2009
20090158639FUEL COMPOSITIONS - Middle distillate fuel composition is provided containing (a) a middle distillate base fuel comprising at least in part a biodiesel fuel component, and (b) a Fischer-Tropsch derived paraffinic base oil component with a viscosity of at least 8 mm06-25-2009
20090158637Production of Aviation Fuel from Biorenewable Feedstocks - A process has been developed for producing aviation fuel from renewable feedstocks such as plant oils and animal fats and oils. The process involves treating a renewable feedstock by hydrogenating and deoxygenating to provide n-paraffins having from about 8 to about 24 carbon atoms. At least some of the n-paraffins are isomerized to improve cold flow properties. At least a portion of the paraffins are selectively cracked to provide paraffins meeting specifications for different aviation fuels such as JP-8.06-25-2009
20100107475BIOFUEL COMPOSITION, PROCESS OF PREPARATION AND A METHOD OF FUELING THEREOF - The present invention relates to a biofuel composition comprising distilled technical cashew nut shell liquid (DT-CNSL) and atleast one petroleum product optionally alongwith plant oils and fuel additive(s). It also relates to a process for preparation of biofuel composition and a method of fueling biofuel composition05-06-2010
20100107474Apparatus and method for Rapid Biodiesel Fuel Production - Apparatus and method for rapid production of biodiesel fuel. The apparatus includes a packed column followed by a high pressure kinetic reactor. A homogeneous stream of feed oil (vegetable oil or animal fat), methanol, and a catalyst is metered, mixed, fed into a packed column, and finally into the high pressure kinetic reactor where the conversion into biodiesel fuel is completed. The packed column is packed with rings (either Raschig rings or pall rings or equivalent). The homogeneous stream enters from the bottom with rings kept in a fluidized bed state to allow greatest surface area for reaction to take place. Approximately 40 to 70 percent reaction is typically achieved in the packed column. The high pressure kinetic reactor receives the partially reacted homogeneous stream and breaks fluid molecules into nano molecules with very high instantaneous temperatures and availability of large surface areas which allow complete reaction without external heat.05-06-2010
20100325943PROCESS FOR EBULLATED BED HYDROCONVERSION OF FEEDS OF BIO-RENEWABLE ORIGIN FOR THE PRODUCTION OF FUEL BASES - The invention concerns a process for hydrotreatment and/or hydroconversion of a feed of bio-renewable origin containing triglyceride and/or fatty acid structures and wherein the fatty chains contain in the range 8 to 25 carbon atoms, said process comprising the following steps: 12-30-2010
20090139135Stabilization of Fatty Oils and Esters with Alkyl Phenol Amine Aldehyde Condensates - Biodiesel fuels, renewable diesel fuels and feedstocks to these fuels (derived from plant seed oils or animal fats) are viewed as more environmentally friendly, renewable alternative fuels or supplemental fuels with petroleum-based diesel. Alkyl phenol amine aldehyde condensates improve the stability of biofuels by inhibiting the degradation processes. Alkyl phenylene diamines employed together with alkyl phenol amine aldehyde condensates in the biofuels give synergistically improved stability of the fuels.06-04-2009
20090094886LOW-VISCOSITY ESTER MIXTURES - The invention relates to the preparation of low-viscosity ester mixtures for transesterification of vegetable or animal fats or oils with monofunctional esters.04-16-2009
20090077867Production of Diesel Fuel from Renewable Feedstocks with Reduced Hydrogen Consumption - A process has been developed for producing diesel boiling range fuel from renewable feedstocks such as plant and animal fats and oils. The process involves treating a renewable feedstock by hydrogenating and deoxygenating to provide a hydrocarbon fraction useful as a diesel boiling range fuel. Water is added to the deoxygenation reaction to drive carbon monoxide and water to react to form hydrogen and carbon dioxide. The hydrogen is then consumed by the reactions. If desired, the hydrocarbon fraction can be isomerized to improve cold flow properties.03-26-2009
20090056201Production of Ester-based Fuels Such As Biodiesel From Renewable Starting Materials - Production of ester-based fuels such as biodiesel or jet fuel from renewable starting materials such as lignocellulosic material or algae is disclosed. Pulping and saccharification of the renewable starting materials produces carboxylic acids such as fatty acids or rosin acids, which are esterified via a gas sparged, slurry form of heterogeneous reactive distillation to yield ester-based fuels.03-05-2009
20090235575Gas Oil Composition - The present invention provides a gas oil composition for winter use, which can achieve environment load reduction, excellent low-temperature properties and low fuel consumption all together. The gas oil composition comprises on the basis of the total mass thereof, an FT synthetic base oil and/or a hydrotreated animal or vegetable oil with specific characteristics in an amount of 70 percent by volume or more and 98 percent by volume or less, a petroleum base oil with specific characteristics in an amount of 2 percent by volume or more and 30 percent by volume or less and a cold flow improver comprising an ethylene vinyl acetate copolymer and/or a compound with a surface active effect.09-24-2009
20120233911FUEL COMPOSITION FOR A DIESEL ENGINE - The invention is directed to a fuel composition for diesel engines. The fuel composition comprises 0.1-99% by weight of a component or a mixture of components produced from biological raw material originating from plants and/or animals and/or fish. The fuel composition comprises 0-20% of components containing oxygen. Both components are mixed with diesel components based on crude oil and/or fractions from Fischer-Tropsch process.09-20-2012
20080295394Cetane-Improving Component for Diesel Fuels and Diesel Fuels Containing it - Cetane improver for diesel fuels, characterized in that it comprises at least one ester of stearic acid, selected from the esters of linear or branched monoalcohols containing 1 to 6 carbon atoms: a) added in the pure state to a mixture of at least one vegetable or animal oil ester in crude or partially hydrogenated form b) or else included in a mixture of esters of one or more vegetable and/or animal oils, in crude or partially hydrogenated form, the mixtures of saturated or unsaturated esters being such that the ratio by mass of the amount of stearic ester(s) to the total sum of the amounts of unsaturated esters present in the vegetable or animal oil esters varies from 1% to 12%, and the unsaturated fatty acid esters being esters of mono or polyunsaturated acids containing at least 18 carbon atoms with monoalcohols.12-04-2008
20080295393Method for the production of biodiesel from vegetable oils and fats, using heterogeneous catalysts - The invention relates to the field of methods used for the transesterification of oils and fats in order to produce diesel oil. The invention provides a novel method for the production of diesel oil by transesterifying fatty acid esters present in vegetable oils and fats, using a novel catalyst consisting of the oxide of a group V metal and having the formula X12-04-2008
20080295392Method for recycling and exploitation of the glycerin obtained in the production of biodiesel - A method to exploit the glycerin obtained as a by-product of the industrial process to produce biodiesel inside or out of the industrial production unit, providing a reduction in the environmental liability that may be caused by an excess in the production of glycerin that cannot be exploited for industrial use. The referenced method uses recycling of the glycerin obtained through industrial process to produce biodiesel, using a process basically consisting of four stages: a) extracting glycerin produced as a by-product of the industrial process for producing biodiesel; b) hydrogenation of said n-propanol glycerin, c) recycling of the n-propanol thus obtained to be added to a mixture of alcohols; and d) transesterfication of the n-propanol mixture added to the alcohol mixture, together with raw material triglycerides from renewable sources in order to obtain biodiesel. The referenced recycling of the n-propanol stream provides a reduction in the amount of the alcohol mixture necessary for the industrial process to produce biodiesel, consequently reducing operational costs.12-04-2008
20130160353Biological Oils for Use in Compression Engines and Methods for Producing Such Oils - Disclosed herein are oils, including fatty acid triglyceride and fatty acid ester compositions suitable for the production of biofuel, biofuels, and methods for producing such materials and compositions. These materials and compositions comprise substantially no sterol glycosides.06-27-2013
20090199460BIODIESEL PURIFICATION BY A CONTINUOUS REGENERABLE ADSORBENT PROCESS - A quick, economical and environmentally friendly, “green”, process for the continuous purification of biodiesel (fatty acid alkyl esters (FAAE)) is described using a powdered, granulated or extruded adsorbent. The adsorbent is contained in a column system and is regenerated for reuse multiple times. The process employs an adsorbent such as, but not limited to, carbon, silica, clay, zeolite or a metal silicate contained in a column to remove the impurities from fatty acid alkyl esters (FAAE) or crude biodiesel in a continuous process. The process utilizes the adsorbent column system for the purification of biodiesel, rather than water or filtration, to remove soaps and other impurities entrained in a crude biodiesel. The crude biodiesel is contacted with an adsorbent packed into a column, or multiple columns in series, for a sufficient amount of time to remove impurities such as, but not limited to, soaps, metals, free glycerin, sterol glucosides and many of the other impurities that reduce the stability of biodiesel. The resulting finished biodiesel exiting the column(s) is ready for the methanol recovery process. Once the adsorbent no longer removes the desired amount of impurities, it is regenerated for reuse. The solvent used for the regeneration process is reclaimed and reused by recycling it back to the transesterification reaction.08-13-2009
20090183420Biodiesel fuel for cold, temperate and hot weather climates and for aviation jet fuel - This invention permits biodiesel (Fatty Acid Methyl Esters—FAMES) fuel and/or fuel blends to be used in cold weather climates without crystallization/precipitation of solids which plug fuel lines. The high melting point components are removed by physical separation from the biodiesel. Crystallization or distillation are used to separate the high melting temperature components. The low melting temperature components are used for blending with petroleum diesel with reduced or no winterization; low melting temperature components are used as a biodiesel with reduced or no winterization; low melting temperature components are blended into aviation jet fuel; or low melting temperature components are used as aviation jet fuel. The high melting temperature components are blended with petroleum diesel for temperate and/or hot weather climates.07-23-2009
20090119979CATALYSTS FOR PRODUCTION OF BIODIESEL FUEL AND GLYCEROL - A method of producing biodiesel through the trans-esterification of a triglyceride, comprising mixing a triglyceride, an alcohol, and a catalyst to form a mixture, where said catalyst is non-metal quaternary ammonium hydroxide or non-metal quaternary phosphonium hydroxide, removing volatile components from said mixture, and allowing the remaining mixture to separate into a biodiesel-rich layer and a glycerol-rich layer.05-14-2009
20090031618Vacuum Distillation Process - The present invention relates to a process and apparatus for the production of diesel fuel from feedstocks containing fatty acids, glycerated fatty acids, and glycerin by vacuum distillation followed by esterification. Specifically, the present invention relates to the production of Renewable Diesel having low glycerin, water, and sulfur content. Operation of the distillation system enables production of esters including biodiesel and other biofuels in an economically advantageous manner. The vacuum distillation system is optionally located upstream of an esterification unit or other biodiesel production facility for improvement in production economy.02-05-2009
20090000185AVIATION-GRADE KEROSENE FROM INDEPENDENTLY PRODUCED BLENDSTOCKS - Aviation-grade kerosene comprising a first blendstock derived from non-petroleum feedstock and comprising primarily hydrocarbons selected from the group consisting of isoparaffins and normal paraffins, and a second blendstock comprising primarily hydrocarbons selected from the group consisting of cycloalkanes and aromatics.01-01-2009
20090165366Microreactor Process for Making Biodiesel - Embodiments of a method for using a microreactor to produce biodiesel. For example, the method may comprise flowing a first fluid comprising an alcohol and a second fluid comprising an oil to the microreactor. Alcohols typically, but not necessarily, are lower aliphatic alcohols, including methanol, ethanol, amyl alcohol or combinations thereof. Biodiesel production can be under supercritical conditions, where such conditions typically are determined relative to the alcohol component. Suitable sources of oil products include soy, inedible tallow and grease, corn, edible tallow and lard, cotton, rapeseed, sunflower, canola, peanut, safflower, and combinations thereof. Catalysts can be used to facilitate biodiesel production, such as metal oxides, metal hydroxides, metal carbonates, alcoholic metal carbonates, alkoxides, mineral acids and enzymes. Oil conversion to biodiesel typically increases with increasing mean microreactor residence time. Certain embodiments of the present invention can include blending biodiesel produced by the method with petroleum-based products.07-02-2009
20090038210METHOD FOR REDUCING FREE FATTY ACID CONTENT OF BIODIESEL FEEDSTOCK - A method comprising applying controlled flow cavitation apparatuses and holding tanks to a pretreatment process in order to reduce the free fatty acid content of a biodiesel feedstock. A feedstock comprising a high content of free fatty acids can be passed through controlled flow cavitation apparatuses and holding tanks at a velocity capable of generating hydrodynamic cavitation zones and subsequent dwell times where the free fatty acid content can be reduced to below 2%.02-12-2009
20090071064CONTINUOUS ALGAL BIODIESEL PRODUCTION FACILITY - Embodiments of the present invention concern methods, compositions, and apparatus for the continuous conversion of algal lipids into biodiesel. In some embodiments, the biodiesel is formed in a multi-step sequence, the first steps occurring in the presence of water and a strong acid wherein the lipids are released from the algae by means of mechanical and chemical action and are then hydrolyzed to free fatty acids. In a subsequent step, this free fatty acid mixture is reacted with methanol to generate fatty acid methyl esters (also known as biodiesel). Such methods produce biodiesel from algal lipids without the requirement for separate algal cell lysis or lipid extraction or purification prior to the acid catalysis sequence. In other embodiments, the multi-step acid catalysis sequence occurs at 100° C. at two atmospheres of pressure.03-19-2009
20090188158Production of Renewable Diesel By Pyrolysis and Esterification - The present invention relates to a process and apparatus for the production of diesel fuel from feedstocks containing fatty acids, glycerated fatty acids, and glycerin by catalytic and/or non-catalytic pyrolysis followed by esterification. Specifically, the present invention relates to the production of Renewable Diesel having low glycerin, water, and sulfur content.07-30-2009
20090064567Biological oils and production and uses Thereof - The present invention provides biological oils and methods and uses thereof. The biological oils are preferably produced by heterotrophic fermentation of one or more microorganisms using cellulose-containing feedstock as a main source of carbon. The present invention also provides methods of producing lipid-based biofuels and food, nutritional, and pharmaceutical products using the biological oils.03-12-2009
20110289828LIQUID BIOFUEL MADE OF ESTERS AND BOUND GLYCERIDES, AND ALSO PROCESS FOR PRODUCTION THEREOF - The present invention relates to a biofuel and to a process for production thereof, which biofuel contains at least one fraction of triglycerides, a fraction of monoglycerides, a fraction of diglycerides and a fraction of alkylesters of fatty acids. The biofuel may be obtained by partial transesterification of vegetable oil or vegetable fat and is distinguished in that the mass fraction of alkylesters of fatty acids in the biofuel is smaller than the mass fraction of triglycerides. The fuel is suitable in particular as additive for conventional fuels, may be produced at high yield and can also be used at relatively low temperatures below 10° C.12-01-2011
20090145022COMBINED HOMOGENEOUS AND HETEROGENEOUS CATALYTIC TRANSESTERIFICATION PROCESS FOR BIODIESEL PRODUCTION - In one aspect, a process for producing a biofuel comprises reacting a feed material that comprises a glyceride with an alcohol in the presence of a catalytic composition such that at least some of the glyceride in the feed material is converted into a biofuel mixture that comprises glycerol and the corresponding alcoholic ester of the glyceride. The catalytic composition comprises a heterogeneous catalyst and a homogeneous catalyst. The heterogeneous catalyst and the homogeneous catalyst have a synergistic effect in catalyzing the reaction of the glyceride in the feed material with the alcohol.06-11-2009
20090300971BIORENEWABLE NAPHTHA - The present invention generally relates to a method for producing a naphtha product from a renewable feedstock. The method includes hydrotreating the renewable feedstock to produce a hydrotreating unit heavy fraction that includes n-paraffins, and hydrocracking the hydrotreating unit heavy fraction to produce a hydrocracking unit product that includes the naphtha product. The method also includes separating the naphtha fraction and optionally recycling the hydrocracking unit heavy fraction through the hydrocracking unit. The present invention also relates to a biorenewable naphtha product suitable for use as feed stock for steam crackers and catalytic reforming units, and for use as fuel, or fuel blend stock.12-10-2009
20100083563CO-PROCESSING DIESEL FUEL WITH VEGETABLE OIL TO GENERATE A LOW CLOUD POINT HYBRID DIESEL BIOFUEL - The foregoing describes methods and systems for co-processing vegetable oil and petroleum diesel to yield a hybrid diesel biofuel composition. As previously stated, in some embodiments the present invention is directed to methods/systems by/with which a mixture of vegetable oil and petroleum diesel is co-processed in two stages: the mixture is first hydrotreated to yield a reduced-sulfur hybrid intermediate, and then the hybrid intermediate is processed in an isomerization unit to yield a low cloud point hybrid diesel product that is partially derived from biomass. A notable benefit of at least some such methods/systems is that interstage removal of H04-08-2010
20080282606SYSTEM AND PROCESS FOR PRODUCING BIODIESEL - In embodiments of the present invention, systems for producing a biodiesel product from multiple feedstocks may include a biodiesel reactor, a decanter, a flash evaporator and a distillation column. In other embodiments of the present invention, a process for producing a biodiesel comprises distilling a biodiesel reaction product to remove tocopherols and sterol glucosides and, optionally, adding biodiesel stabilizers to the resultant biodiesel to enhance thermal stability. The components of the system are interrelated so that parameters may be regulated to allow production of a custom biodiesel product.11-20-2008
20100005706FUEL COMPOSITION WITH ENHANCED LOW TEMPERATURE PROPERTIES - Disclosed herein is a fuel oil composition comprising a renewable fuel or a blend of petroleum based fuels with renewable fuels, also containing an additives composition to enhance the base and combined fuel's resistance to forming insoluble particulates upon storage at diminished operating temperatures. Further described is the additive package used to inhibit particulate formation.01-14-2010
20090313888FUEL ADDITIVE - A fuel additive for gasoline that increases automobile fuel efficiency and decreases carbon emissions. The fuel additive comprises a composition of olive oil and fuel oil in a ratio, by volume, of about 1 part olive oil to about 8 parts fuel oil. In the preferred embodiment the fuel oil is fuel oil no. 2-D.12-24-2009
20090188159MIXTURE FROM POLAR OIL-SOLUBLE NITROGEN COMPOUNDS AND ACID AMIDES AS PARAFFIN DISPERSANT FOR FUELS - Mixture of (a) polar oil-soluble nitrogen compounds which are capable of sufficiently dispersing paraffin crystals precipitated out under cold conditions in fuels, (b) oil-soluble acid amides formed from polyamides having from 2 to 1000 carbon atoms and C07-30-2009
20090139137VAPOUR PHASE ESTERIFICATION OF FREE FATTY ACIDS - A method is presented for producing biodiesel from a triglyceride feedstock. The feedstock is pretreated by thermal cracking or rapid pyrolysis to form a middle distillate fraction rich in fatty acids. The middle distillate fraction is then treated by vapour phase esterification under vacuum and in the presence of an alcohol and a solid acid catalyst to produce a biodiesel stream. The biodiesel stream can be treated with a basic solution to convert residual free fatty acids to non-foaming metallic soaps, which are separated by known means. A method is also provided for producing a biodiesel/naphtha mixture, in which a triglyceride feedstock is pretreated by thermal cracking or rapid pyrolysis to produce a middle distillate fraction, a naphtha stream and a gas stream. The naphtha stream and the middle distillate fraction are then treated by vapour phase esterification under vacuum and in the presence of an alcohol and a solid acid catalyst to produce a mixed biodiesel/naphtha stream.06-04-2009
20090183422PROCESS AND SYSTEM FOR PREPARATION OF BIO-FUELS - The invention relates generally to a process and system for continuous removal of water during production of bio-fuels such as bio-diesel. The process may utilize either a homogeneous catalyst or a heterogeneous catalyst in an esterification reaction vessel to drive the esterification process to completion by continuously removing water and returning dried methanol back to the reaction vessel.07-23-2009
20090049739Production of Fuels with Superior Low Temperature Properties from Tall Oil or Fractionated Fatty Acids - The present invention relates to a process for the production of fuels with superior low temperature properties. Specifically, the present invention relates to the production of fuels that meet ASTM and military jet fuel kerosene specifications by heterogeneous, reactive distillation esterification of oils. The oils may be naturally high in unsaturation, such as whole plant oils, tall oil fatty acids, and rosin acids, or the oils may be from the unsaturated fraction isolated from less unsaturated seed oils such as palm olein, caprylic and caproic acids, or from mixtures thereof.02-26-2009
20090019763HYDROTREATING AND CATALYTIC DEWAXING PROCESS FOR MAKING DIESEL FROM OILS AND/OR FATS - Methods for producing C10-C30 hydrocarbons from fatty materials, such as triglyceride compounds, are provided. Hydrocarbon compounds, particularly those boiling in the temperature range of between about 80° F. to about 1000° F., are produced by contacting a fatty material with at least one catalyst comprising cobalt and molybdenum on a zeolite support under hydrotreating conditions. Additional hydrotreating catalysts may also be used to further improve the properties of the hydrocarbon product.01-22-2009
20090100749METHOD FOR PRODUCTION OF CETANE-INDEX IMPROVEMENT ADDITIVE FOR DIESEL OIL - A method is presented for production of a cetane-index improvement additive for diesel oil produced from biodiesel from castor bean oil.04-23-2009
20090211150Method for producing biodiesel using high-cell-density cultivation of microalga Chlorella protothecoides in bioreactor - A method is provided to produce biodiesel from algae using a strain of microalga 08-27-2009
20100154292ENHANCED BIODIESEL FUEL HAVING IMPROVED LOW-TEMPERATURE PROPERTIES AND METHODS OF MAKING SAME - The present invention is generally directed to novel biodiesel fuel compositions having enhanced low-temperature properties. The present invention is additionally directed to methods (i.e., processes) for making such enhanced biodiesel fuels by improving the low-temperature properties of ester-based biodiesel fuels via in situ enhancement and/or additive enhancement.06-24-2010
20100146842PROCESS, PLANT AND BIOFUEL FOR INTEGRATED BIOFUEL PRODUCTION - This invention relates to a process, a plant, and a biofuel for integrated biofuel production, such as with biogasoline, biodiesel, and/or sugar product. The integrated process includes the step of removing hexose from a feedstock to form a lignocellulosic material. The process also includes the step of converting the hexose to a biogasoline and/or a biodiesel material, and the step of depolymerizing lignocellulosic material to form pentose and a residue. The process also includes the step of converting the pentose to a biogasoline and/or a biodiesel material.06-17-2010
20100146843Process, Plant And Biofuel For Integrated Biofuel Production - This invention relates to a process, a plant, and a biofuel for integrated biofuel production, such as with butanol, biodiesel, and/or sugar product. The integrated process includes the step of removing hexose from a feedstock to form a lignocellulosic material. The process also includes the step of converting the hexose to butanol and/or a biodiesel material, and the step of depolymerizing lignocellulosic material to form pentose and a residue. The process also includes the step of converting the pentose to butanol and/or a biodiesel material.06-17-2010
20080302001Process for producing branched hydrocarbons - The invention relates to a process for producing saturated C5-C28 hydrocarbons, suitable as diesel fuels, kerosenes and gasolines, comprising the steps where feedstock derived from starting material of biological origin, is subjected to a condensation step and subsequently subjected to a combined hydrodefunctionalization and isomerization step.12-11-2008
20100186289BIODIESEL PROCESS - Processes for producing biodiesel compositions are disclosed. FFAs present in the triglycerides can be removed by reaction with isobutylene, or by Kolbe electrolysis. The Kolbe electrolysis can be performed on the starting material, or on the crude glycerol. The triglycerides are transesterified to form alkyl esters of the fatty acids and glycerol. The transesterification reaction can be catalyzed by an alkoxide, rather than a hydroxide, to help keep the glycerol by-product dry. The alkoxide salt can be neutralized by reaction with a dry acid, such as gaseous hydrogen chloride or sulfuric acid, and the resulting alcohol removed by distillation, and at least a portion of the neutralized salt can be removed by filtration or decantation. The process can provide improved biodiesel yields, and glycerol pure enough for use directly in glycerol ether manufacture.07-29-2010
20090077868Production of Diesel Fuel from Biorenewable Feedstocks with Selective Separation of Converted Oxygen - A process has been developed for producing diesel boiling range fuel from renewable feedstocks such as plant and animal fats and oils, the process providing for sulfur management. The process involves catalytically treating a renewable feedstock by hydrogenating and deoxygenating to provide a hydrocarbon fraction useful as a diesel boiling range fuel. The hydrocarbon fraction is isomerized to improve cold flow properties. A selective separation such as a hot high pressure hydrogen stripper is used to remove at least the carbon oxides from the first zone effluent before entering the isomerization zone, and to provide liquid recycle to the treating zone at pressure and temperature. A vapor stream is separated from the isomerization effluent and at least carbon dioxide is removed using at least one selective or flexible amine solution absorber. The resulting hydrogen-rich stream is recycled to the deoxygenation reaction zone03-26-2009
20090077866Production of Diesel Fuel from Biorenewable Feedstocks - A process has been developed for producing diesel boiling range fuel from renewable feedstocks such as plant oils and animal oils, fats, and greases. The process involves treating a renewable feedstock by hydrogenating and deoxygenating i.e. decarboxylating, decarbonylating, and/or hydrodeoxygenating to provide a hydrocarbon fraction useful as a diesel boiling range fuel or diesel boiling range fuel blending component. If desired, the hydrocarbon fraction can be isomerized to improve cold flow properties. A portion of the hydrogenated and deoxygenated feedstock is selectively separated and then recycled to the treatment zone to increase the hydrogen solubility of the reaction mixture.03-26-2009
20090183421PROCESS FOR PURIFICATION OF FATTY ACID ALKYL ESTERS AND USE OF AGENTS TO FACILITATE SUCH PURIFICATION - A method of purifying an organic solution comprising contacting a flocculating and sequestering agent with the organic solution, which organic solution comprises fatty acid alkyl esters. Also provided is a process for purification of the organic solution. The process comprises adding a flocculating and sequestering agent to the organic solution to facilitate the purification, and removing a portion from the organic solution, which portion comprises the flocculating and sequestering agent and impurities.07-23-2009
20100251600HYDROPYROLYSIS OF BIOMASS FOR PRODUCING HIGH QUALITY LIQUID FUELS - A self-sustaining process for producing liquid fuels from biomass in which the biomass is hydropyrolyzed in a reactor vessel containing molecular hydrogen and a deoxygenating catalyst, producing a partially deoxygenated pyrolysis liquid, which is hydrogenated using a hydroconversion catalyst, producing a substantially fully deoxygenated pyrolysis liquid and a gaseous mixture comprising CO and light hydrocarbon gases (C10-07-2010
20090113788FUEL ADDITIVE COMPOSITION TO IMPROVE FUEL LUBRICITY - The present disclosure relates to fuel additive compositions comprising one or more hydrogen bonding compounds derived from a long chain fatty acid, and one or more esters of a second long chain fatty acid. Such fuel additives improve the lubricity of the fuel.05-07-2009
20090113786Process for Recovering Tall Oil or Tall Oil Fuel - The invention relates to a process for providing tall oil or tall oil fuel from tall oil soap. In the process, tall oil soap, which may be neutralized with carbon dioxide, is treated with an alkaline earth metal compound to convert sodium soaps into alkaline earth metal soaps. The conversion reduces the sodium content and increases the heat value of the product. The converted product may be used to provide a low sodium fuel or it may be acidulated with a minimum of sulfur.05-07-2009
20080229654Fuel Composition - Compositions and methods for forming hydrocarbon products from triglycerides are disclosed. In one aspect, the methods involve the thermal decomposition of fatty acids, which can be derived from the hydrolysis of triglycerides. The thermal decomposition products can be combined with low molecular weight olefins, such as Fischer-Tropsch synthesis products, and subjected to molecular averaging reactions. Alternatively, the products can be subjected to hydrocracking reactions, isomerization reactions, and the like. The products can be isolated in the gasoline, jet and/or diesel fuel ranges. Thus, vegetable oils and/or animal fats can be converted using water, catalysts, and heat, into conventional products in the gasoline, jet and/or diesel fuel ranges. These products are virtually indistinguishable from those derived from their petroleum-based analogs, except that they can have virtually no aromatic, sulfur or nitrogen content, they are derived, in whole or in part, from renewable resources, and can also be derived from domestically available coal and/or natural gas.09-25-2008
20090038208Biodiesel Composition - The present invention relates to a novel alkyl-ester (s) composition derived from rapeseed and sunflower, in particular from 02-12-2009
20100293840BIODIESEL SYNTHESIS - The present invention provides a method and apparatus for reacting a natural oil with a short chain alcohol in the presence of alkaline catalyst, in which a mixture of natural oil, short chain alcohol and alkaline catalyst is fed in one direction along a pipe reactor under transitional or turbulent conditions, so that the reactants are mixed in a direction normal to the flow direction to a greater degree than in a direction parallel to the flow direction or so that the reactants are mixed in a direction normal to the flow direction, such that the time taken for 90% of the elements of fluid to pass through the reactor is within 20% of the mean residence time of reactant in the reactor. There is also provided a ship, comprising means for storing a raw material used in the synthesis of biodiesel, a plant for the synthesis of biodiesel and means for storing the biodiesel synthesised.11-25-2010
20100313467DIESEL FUEL COMPOSITIONS CONTAINING LEVULINATE ESTER - A diesel fuel composition is disclosed that requires a reduced amount of petroleum-based diesel and provides lower level of emissions, while maintaining the desired performances of the petroleum-based diesel. The disclosed fuel composition comprises a petroleum-based diesel and at least about 5% by volume of levulinate ester, and may be substantially free of alkanolamides, alcohols, or combinations thereof. When desired, the fuel composition may include biodiesel and other additives. The disclosed fuel composition may be formulated such that its performances are in compliance with the ASTM D975 standard.12-16-2010
20110126449BLENDED FUEL COMPOSITION HAVING IMPROVED COLD FLOW PROPERTIES - There is provided a fuel composition comprising petroleum based component and a renewable based component, wherein at least 20% of the compounds in said petroleum based component having boiling point range equal or greater than the boiling point of said renewable based component.06-02-2011
20090064568MOTOR FUEL COMPOSITIONS COMPRISING RENEWABLE RAW MATERIALS - The present invention relates to motor fuel compositions comprising at least one diesel fuel of mineral origin and at least one biodiesel fuel, characterized in that the fuel composition contains at least 20% by weight of diesel fuel of mineral origin and 0.05% to 5% by weight of at least one polymer which comprises ester groups and contains repeating units that are derived from ester monomers having 16 to 40 carbon atoms in the alcohol radical, and repeating units that are derived from ester monomers having 7 to 15 carbon atoms in the alcohol radical. The present invention further describes the use of polymers comprising ester groups as flow improvers, and also a process for operating a diesel engine.03-12-2009
20090300972Physical Refining Process Using Adsorbent Particles for the Production of Biodiesel Fuel - Physical refining processes using adsorbent particles are disclosed. The physical refining processes may be used in the production of biodiesel fuel precursors and biodiesel fuel.12-10-2009
20090217569Method for Lipid production - The invention relates to a method for forming a lipid or a lipid mixture from an organic source material comprising cellulose, hemicellulose, starch, non-starch polysaccharide, any mixture thereof or degradation products thereof. According to the method, the source material is treated one or more times with water, an aqueous solution of acid or alkali, and the precipitate and the filtrate are separated. The precipitate obtained from the treatments mentioned above can be subjected to mechanical or thermo-mechanical grinding, or the precipitate can be treated with a strong acid, or the precipitate can be acidified and ground mechanically or thermo-mechanically. After the treatments, the precipitate and the filtrate are separated. A lipid-producing microorganism is contacted with the source material or the obtained filtrate(s) in a culture medium, whereby the microorganism cells begin to produce lipid, and the lipids are recovered.09-03-2009
20100043278CATALYTIC HYDRODEOXYGENATION OF AN OXYGENATE FEEDSTOCK - A method for the hydrodeoxygenation of an oxygenate feedstock comprising contacting the feedstock with a sulphided catalyst composition under hydrodeoxygenation conditions, wherein the catalyst composition comprises: i) a porous carrier substantially comprised of alumina, the carrier comprising between about 0.001 and about 1 wt. % phosphorous and between about 0.001 and about 1 wt. % silicon (both calculated as oxides) and having a mean pore diameter in the range from about 5 nm to about 40 nm; and, ii) from about 1 to about 20 wt. % of an active metal component (calculated as oxides based on the weight of the composition) borne on said porous carrier and which comprises at least one Group VIB metal and at least one Group VIII metal.02-25-2010
20100064573METHOD FOR PRODUCING A LIQUID BIOFUEL OR AT LEAST ONE OF ITS PRIMARY COMPONENTS - The present invention discloses a method for producing a liquid fuel or at least one of its primary components from carbonaceous material, wherein a concatenation of individual processes, which make up the entire method, are employed. The concatenation of processes employed in said novel method has the potential to provide an exothermic operation during the production of the liquid fuel, or the at least one primary component, thereby producing a portion of its own raw material, supplying the majority of its energy requirements and consuming the majority of its byproducts, which in turn reduces feedstock reactant requirements for said method.03-18-2010
20100058649OIL COMPOSITION AND METHOD OF RECOVERING THE SAME - The present invention generally relates to oil compositions and methods of producing such oil compositions. More particularly, the present invention relates to an oil composition recovered from a fermentation product as well as methods of recovering such oil compositions for use in various processes such as bio-diesel production as well as in various edible applications.03-11-2010
20110061290AVIATION-GRADE KEROSENE FROM INDEPENDENTLY PRODUCED BLENDSTOCKS - Aviation-grade kerosene comprising a first blendstock derived from non-petroleum feedstock and comprising primarily hydrocarbons selected from the group consisting of isoparaffins and normal paraffins, and a second blendstock comprising primarily hydrocarbons selected from the group consisting of cycloalkanes and aromatics.03-17-2011
20110061289METHODS AND SYSTEMS TO PRODUCE BIODIESEL FUEL - A method of manufacturing a biodiesel fuel that comprises generating micro-droplets of a first reactant and mixing the micro-droplets of the first reactant with a second reactant that is substantially immiscible with the first reactant. The method also comprises transferring the mixture of the first reactant and second reactant into a transesterification reaction vessel. The first reactant is one of an alcohol or oil, and the second reactant is the other of the oil or the alcohol.03-17-2011
20110041386Extraction From Suspensions - A suspension may include an aqueous liquid and suspended particles. The particles may include a nonpolar and/or hydrophobic substance (e.g., a lipid) substantially contained within polar and/or hydrophilic exterior layers. A method for extracting the suspended lipids may include adding a nonpolar solvent to the suspension and disrupting the exterior layers to expose the lipids to the nonpolar solvent. In some cases, particles may also include interior hydrophilic portions (e.g., intracellular water), which may be exposed to the aqueous liquid via disruption of the exteriors. The mixture may be accelerated to segregate the mixture into first and second products. The first product may have a majority of the nonpolar and/or hydrophobic substances. The second product may have a majority of the polar substances.02-24-2011
20090300974STABILIZER COMPOSITIONS FOR BLENDS OF PETROLEUM AND RENEWABLE FUELS - Disclosed herein is a fuel oil composition comprising stabilized Renewable Fuel feed stocks or the blends of Petroleum based fuels with such Renewable Fuels. Also described herein are additive compositions for increasing stability of Renewable Fuel feed stocks or the blends of Petroleum based fuels with such Renewable Fuels.12-10-2009
20090300973Devices, Processes And Methods For The Production Of Lower Alkyl Esters - Embodiments of a process for production of biodiesel from a transesterification reaction of alcohol and triglycerides in a multi-zone tubular reactor is disclosed. Alkyl esters and glycerin are formed from reactants in a reaction mixture as the reaction mixture flows through the zones. The zones include an entrance zone, an exit zone, and an intermediate zone between the entrance and exit zones. The zones are characterized by physical properties such as viscosity, density, composition, and flow regime. The entrance and intermediate zones include static mixers that perform structured mixing that increases the conversion and yield. The degree of mixing provided by the mixers is different in the zones to account for differences in physical properties. Additionally, the product stream from the reactor is passed through a coalescer to increase droplet size of a dispersed glycerin phase, facilitating both rapid separation of the glycerin phase from the biodiesel phase, and increased conversion and yield in a decanter.12-10-2009
20090293346INTEGRATED REACTOR AND CENTRIFUGAL SEPARATOR AND USES THEREOF - A method and apparatus for producing a biodiesel product. The method includes continuously contacting a triglyceride containing component with an alcohol and a catalyst at an elevated temperature in a centrifugal reactor/separator. A less dense phase including the biodiesel product is continuously separated from a more dense phase containing glycerine in the reactor/separator.12-03-2009
20100024284FUEL BASED ON VEGETABLE OIL - The invention is based on a fuel obtained from vegetable oil for the operation of diesel internal combustion engines. According to the invention, the phosphorus content is less than 0.5 mg per kg of fuel.02-04-2010
20100018110METHOD OF PRODUCING BIODIESEL FUEL - A method of producing biodiesel fuel from fats and oils includes a step of transesterification reaction in which fats and oils are transesterfied with lower alcohol, a step of fuel refining in which a resultant fatty acid alkyl ester produced in said transesterfication reaction step is refined, and a mixing step in which the fatty acid alkyl ester refined in the fuel refining step is mixed with light oil. The refined fatty acid alkyl ester is heated to a predetermined temperature and thus fused so as not to oxidize unsaturated fatty acids contained in the fatty acid alkyl ester, while the heated and refined fatty acid alkyl ester is mixed with light oil so as not to set the temperature of the mixed solution below the cold filter plugging point during the mixture, to dilute the fatty acid alkyl ester by light oil to a predetermined weight ratio.01-28-2010
20100018109Conversion of Vegetable Oils to Base Oils and Transportation Fuels - The present invention is directed to methods (processes) and systems for processing triglyceride-containing, biologically-derived oils to provide for base oils and transportation fuels, wherein partial oligomerization of fatty acids contained therein provide for an oligomerized mixture from which the base oils and transportation fuels can be extracted. Such methods and systems can involve an initial hydrotreating step or a direct isomerization of the oligomerized mixture.01-28-2010
20100018108Conversion of Vegetable Oils to Base Oils and Transportation Fuels - The present invention is directed to methods (processes) and systems for processing triglyceride-containing, biologically-derived oils to provide for base oils and transportation fuels, wherein partial oligomerization of fatty acids contained therein provide for an oligomerized mixture from which the base oils and transportation fuels can be extracted. Such methods and systems can involve an initial hydrotreating step or a direct isomerization of the oligomerized mixture.01-28-2010
20100146844Process, Plant And Biofuel From Lignocellulosic Feedstock - This invention relates to a process and a plant for biofuel production, such as with biogasoline and/or biodiesel. The process includes the step of depolymerizing lignocellulosic material to form pentose and a remainder. The process also includes the step of converting the pentose to a biofuel material and using the remainder for generation of power or further downstream conversion.06-17-2010
20080271364Production of Biodiesel From Balanites Aegyptiaca - The invention provides methods for production of biodiesel from 11-06-2008
20090158638Direct Conversion of Biomass to Biodiesel Fuel - Disclosed is the direct conversion process for producing biodiesel from a biomass. The direct conversion process for producing biodiesel from a biomass comprises reacting a feed stock comprising a biomass and an alkylation reagent in a substantially oxygen free environment at a temperature sufficient to hydrolyze one or more lipid glycerides in the biomass and alkylated one or more fatty acids in the reaction. The process may comprise reacting a feed stock comprising an algal biomass and tetramethylammonium hydroxide in a substantially oxygen free environment at a temperature between 250° C. and 500° C. The direct conversion process for producing biodiesel may further comprise reacting oil containing lipid glycerides with an alkylation reagent at a sufficient temperature to esterify the oil. The fatty acid alkyl esters produced from the reacted feed stock are recovered. The recovered fatty acid alkyl esters, as an essential component of biodiesel, may be formulated into biodiesel.06-25-2009
20080295391Fuel and Lubricant Additives and Methods for Improving Fuel Economy and Vehicle Emissions - An additive includes a calcium source, a suspension agent, a castor oil, and optionally a castor supplement/replacement. In many embodiments, polyalphaolefin is included. The preferred suspension agents are fatty acid esters, triglycerides or other, with a pour point/melt point from about 5 degrees C. to about 50 degrees C. Suspension agents of particular interest are: 1) polymerized ester(s) of ricinoleic acid (polymerized ester(s) of 12-Hydroxy Oleic Acid), 2) polymerized ester(s) of 12-Hydroxy Stearic Acid, 3) waxy esters of ricinoleic acid, 4) palm oil, 5) palm-olein, 6) coconut oil, and 7) jojoba oil. The waxy esters may result from polymerization of shorter carboxylic acid monomers. The additive may be used in fuels to improve combustion engine performance in terms of efficiency and emissions. Polyalphaolefin may be important, especially in additive formulations for diesel fuels, for NOx reduction. The additive may be used in lubricants that improve performance of both ferrous and non-ferrous metal components of engines, guns, or other machinery. The additive also may be used in cutting fluids for machining and fabrication. Used in conjunction with other additives, embodiments of the invention may be used to lower pour points in oils, esters and other similar products.12-04-2008
20090113787Palladium Catalyzed Hydrogenation of Bio-Oils and Organic Compounds - The invention provides palladium-catalyzed hydrogenations of bio-oils and certain organic compounds. Experimental results have shown unexpected and superior results for palladium-catalyzed hydrogenations of organic compounds typically found in bio-oils.05-07-2009
20090235574Production of Bio-Diesel - Use of ionic liquids in the production of bio-diesel, wherein the ionic liquid is both a solvent and catalyst, and is stable under reaction conditions.09-24-2009
20110302825Lubricant Additives - Processes are described for producing liquid, biobased lubricant additives containing from 50 to 100% biobased carbon according to ASTM D6866 from heat-bodied oils by transesterification with biobased or petroleum based alcohols and by hydrotreatment of at least the resulting diesters, triesters and polyesters.12-15-2011
20100031558MODIFIED FUELS AND METHODS OF MAKING AND USING THEREOF - Described herein are modified fuels with improved properties. The modified fuels are more efficient when compared to conventional fuels such as gasoline. Additionally, the modified fuels burn more efficiently and produce fewer emissions. Finally, the modified fuels also do not require any modifications to existing engines.02-11-2010
20090107033Hydrogenation Process - A process for the production of a fuel composition comprising hydrocarbons derived from carboxylic acids and/or carboxylic acid esters, which process comprises feeding hydrogen and a hydrocarbon-containing stream to a first reactor to reduce levels of olefins and/or heteroatom-containing compounds in the hydrocarbon-containing stream, and feeding the so-treated hydrocarbon-containing stream to a second reactor together with hydrogen and a carboxylic acid and/or ester to produce a second hydrocarbon-containing stream in which at least some of the hydrocarbons are derived from the carboxylic acid and/or ester.04-30-2009
20080256845MICROWAVE-ENHANCED BIODIESEL METHOD AND APPARATUS - A method and a device for the production of biodiesel are disclosed. A suitable bio-feedstock may be exposed to microwave energy during a mixing process, a separation process, and a wash process. A synergistic effect of the microwave energy and centrifugal separation may be used in a continuous process for producing biodiesel. The biodiesel may be produced from the feedstock in a continuous flow path. The microwave energy may enhance the reaction of the feedstock and catalyst to provide a mixture of an ester and glycerin, and the microwave energy may enhance the separation of the ester and the glycerin in a centrifuge. Finally, the microwave energy may enhance the wash process of the ester in a centrifuge to purify the ester to produce a usable biodiesel.10-23-2008
20120030993BROWN GREASE SEPARATOR - A system and method are disclosed for processing grease trap waste to produce brown grease oil. Heat to promote waste grease stratification is provided by combustion of brown grease itself. A portion of the brown grease, which would normally be transported to an end user, is retained in a separate holding vessel at the grease processing site. The brown grease within the holding vessel is thermally conditioned to adjust viscosity so that it may be drawn through one or more pumps to increase pressure for atomization in a boiler. The heat of the brown grease combustion is applied to grease trap waste in the containment vessel by heating tubes immersed in the grease trap waste in which a heat transfer medium circulates and gives up its heat to the grease trap waste to thereby promote stratification of the grease trap waste and production of the brown grease oil.02-09-2012
20090038209Method of Biodiesel Production - The invention relates to a process of producing biodiesel via transesterification reaction where the feed of vegetable oil and/or animal fat is atomised prior to the reaction. The process is suitable for continuous production of biodiesel.02-12-2009
20090165367Fast biodiesel production from bio-substance with radio frequency heating - Methods of and systems for generating a bio-fuel from a bio-substance with the assistance of radio frequency heating are taught. In some embodiments, the system includes a reactant containing a bio-substance and an alcohol, a catalyst to be mixed with the reactant, and a radio frequency wave generator for generating a radio frequency wave to be applied to the bio-substance. The bio-substance comes from any appropriate sources including animal oils and fats, such as beef tallow. Alternatively, the bio-substance is able to come from a plant, a fungus, or a protist. One example would be canola oil. In some embodiments, the catalyst is a transesterification catalyst, a Lewis acid, or a Lewis base such as sodium hydroxide. In some embodiments, the alcohol is methanol. In some embodiments, the bio-fuel is bio-diesel.07-02-2009
20120042565FUEL ADDITIVE - A fuel additive for gasoline that increases automobile fuel efficiency and decreases carbon emissions. The fuel additive comprises a composition of olive oil and fuel oil in a ratio, by volume, of about 1 part olive oil to about 8 parts fuel oil. In the preferred embodiment the fuel oil is fuel oil no. 2-D.02-23-2012
20080289248IMMOBILIZED ESTERIFICATION CATALYSTS FOR PRODUCING FATTY ACID ALKYL ESTERS - Provided herein are processes for the production of biodiesel. In particular, provided is an esterification process in which an alcohol reacts with free fatty acids in a lipid material comprising free fatty acids and glycerides in the presence of an immobilized zirconium(IV) metal salt to form fatty acid alkyl esters. Also provided is combination process in which an esterification reaction converts the free fatty acids in a lipid material to fatty acid alkyl esters and a transesterification reaction converts the glycerides in the material to fatty acid alkyl esters.11-27-2008
20090139136HIGH ETHANOL-CONTENT FUEL COMPOSITIONS - A diesel fuel formulation containing a high proportion of ethanol has a corrected flash point. This flash point modification is achieved by feeding into the mixture a liquid of low flash point such as a light fraction consisting of a C5 to C7 paraffin cut. The resultant formulation invention can be directly used in a vehicle.06-04-2009
20090126260METHODS OF REFINING HYDROCARBON FEEDSTOCKS - Processes of converting to feedstocks comprising hydrocarbons to compositions comprising light hydrocarbon products are described herein. Also described are processes and methods of producing and refining compositions comprising terpenes from biomass that can be suitable as a fuel product.05-21-2009
20120151828HYDROPROCESSING OF FATS, OILS, AND WAXES TO PRODUCE LOW CARBON FOOTPRINT DISTILLATE FUELS - Methods for making a fuel composition comprising contacting one or more components of a hydroprocessing feedstock, for example both a fatty acid- or triglyceride-containing component and a paraffin-rich component, with hydrogen under catalytic hydroprocessing conditions are disclosed. The methods are effective to upgrade the component(s) and provide a hydroprocessed biofuel. A representative method utilizes a single-stage process in which hydrogen-containing recycle gas is circulated through both a hydrodeoxygenation zone and a hydrocracking zone in series.06-21-2012
20110094149METHOD OF HYDROTREATING FEEDS FROM RENEWABLE SOURCES WITH INDIRECT HEATING USING A CATALYST BASED ON MOLYBDENUM - The invention describes a method of treating feeds from renewable sources comprising a hydrotreatment stage comprising at least two catalytic zones in which the entry stream comprising said feed mixed with at least a part of a hydrotreated liquid effluent from stage b) is introduced into the first catalytic zone at a temperature comprised between 150 and 260° C., and the effluent from the first catalytic zone is then introduced, mixed with at least a part of a hydrotreated liquid effluent from stage b) and preheated, into the following catalytic zone or zones at a temperature comprised between 260 and 320° C., and a stage of separation of the effluent from the hydrotreatment stage permitting the separation of a gaseous effluent and a hydrotreated liquid effluent of which at least a part is recycled at the top of each catalytic zone, said method using, in at least the catalytic zone or zones following the first, a bulk or supported catalyst comprising an active phase constituted by a sulphidized group VIB element, the group VIB element being molybdenum.04-28-2011
20110067294EFFECT OF NATURAL AND SYNTHETIC ANTIOXIDANTS ON THE OXIDATIVE STABILITY OF BIODIESEL - Disclosed are biodiesel fuels with improved oxidative stability. Disclosed are biodiesel fuels which comprise two or more antioxidants which increase the oxidative stability of the biodiesel fuel.03-24-2011
20120216452CETANE-IMPROVING COMPONENT FOR DIESEL FUELS AND DIESEL FUELS CONTAINING IT - Cetane improver for diesel fuels, characterized in that it comprises at least one ester of stearic acid, selected from the esters of linear or branched monoalcohols containing 1 to 6 carbon atoms: a) added in the pure state to a mixture of at least one vegetable or animal oil ester in crude or partially hydrogenated form b) or else included in a mixture of esters of one or more vegetable and/or animal oils, in crude or partially hydrogenated form, the mixtures of saturated or unsaturated esters being such that the ratio by mass of the amount of stearic ester(s) to the total sum of the amounts of unsaturated esters present in the vegetable or animal oil esters varies from 1% to 12%, and the unsaturated fatty acid esters being esters of mono or polyunsaturated acids containing at least 18 carbon atoms with monoalcohols.08-30-2012
20120167454PRETREATMENT OF FATS AND OILS IN THE PRODUCTION OF BIOFUELS - Methods are disclosed for the treatment of feedstocks comprising a fatty acid- or triglyceride-containing component to remove contaminants that are detrimental to the conversion of such feedstocks to hydrocarbons, and especially biofuel fractions such as diesel or aviation biofuels. Contaminants contributing to the presence of trace elements in animal fats and/or plant oils, as components of feedstocks, hinder the ability to catalytically convert these feedstocks, for example by hydroprocessing, to biofuels.07-05-2012
20090031617Paraffinic Biologically-Derived Distillate Fuels With Bio-Oxygenates For Improved Lubricity And Methods Of Making Same - The present invention is generally directed to methods for making fuels from biomass comprising triglyceride species, whereby the biomass is subjected to partial hydrodeoxygenation and (optionally) catalytic isomerization. The partial-hydrodeoxygenation of the triglyceride species produces a fuel that retains some oxygenates for enhanced lubricity.02-05-2009
20120311923GASOHOL FUEL COMPOSITION FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES - The present invention relates to a gasohol fuel composition that prevents corrosion of the metallurgies involved in fuel storage tanks, vehicle fuel tanks, fuel distribution systems, and transportation systems. The novel gasohol fuel composition comprises of a major portion of an alcohol blended gasoline fuel and a minor portion of a corrosion inhibitor formulation, wherein the corrosion inhibitor formulation comprises of (i) a reaction product of (a) a monosaturated fatty acid; and (b) an azomethine compound derived from a condensation reaction between a carbonyl compound and an amine compound; (ii) a fatty acid oil or ester selected from a group comprising of castor oil, palm oil, soyabean oil, and methyl soya ester; (iii) a dispersing agent, the dispersing agent being a sulfonate compound; and (iv) a viscosity reducing agent selected from a group comprising of ethanol, isopropanol, and propargyl alcohol.12-13-2012
20080276524Fuel management systems having a fluororubber component in contact with biodiesel fuel - Disclosed herein is a fuel management system having at least one fluororubber component in contact with biodiesel fuel wherein said 5 fluororubber component comprises i) a peroxide cured fluoroelastomer comprising copolymerized units of vinylidene fluoride and at least one other fluoromonomer, said fluoroelastomer having cure sites selected from the group consisting of iodine and bromine atoms, and ii) 0 to 5000 parts by weight of an inorganic acid acceptor per million parts fluoroelastomer.11-13-2008
20080313956Process for increasing the storage stability of biodiesel and the use of 2,4-di-tert-butylhydroxytoluene for increasing the storage stability of biodiesel - A process is described for increasing the storage stability of biodiesel by metering a liquid stock solution which comprises 15 to 60% by weight of 2,6-di-tert-butylhydroxytoluene dissolved in biodiesel into the biodiesel to be stabilized up to a concentration of 0.005 to 2% by weight of 2,6-di-tert-butylhydroxytoluene, based on the overall solution of biodiesel.12-25-2008
20100242340Non-polluting conversion of wood to renewable oil from which can be derived an assortment of ecological energy fuel and multi-purpose products - Once woods are converted to warming charcoal that is mixed up with purified water in the warming electric distiller of an extending distillation, the both matters turn out to the carbon liquid (1). While the powder of charcoal is mixed up with palm oil that is warming in different distiller, there is kind of combustible liquid (2). The step carbon liquid deriving from warming charcoal with water and combustible oil from charcoal mixed up with palm-oil are all together filtered to start again warming of mixing liquid in single electric distiller. Then the all liquid increases the volume level and energy power. In fact, the transfer of electric power of warming electric distiller inside combustible carbon liquid turns out this warming liquid to energy and combustible fuel with kind of road matters converting. This bio-fuel contributes to power an engine and vehicle without polluting effects into the environment.09-30-2010
20110265371RENEWABLE OIL REFINING PROCESSES - Processes are described for refining a renewable oil. The processes may include the steps of adding one or more compounds to the renewable oil to produce a soap stock in the renewable oil, and separating at least a portion of the soap stock from the renewable oil. The processes may further include adding a polymer to the separated renewable oil to produce a refined renewable oil.11-03-2011
20090126261FUEL COMPOSITION FOR A DIESEL ENGINE - The invention is directed to a fuel composition for diesel engines. The fuel composition comprises 0.1-99% by weight of a component or a mixture of components produced from biological raw material originating from plants and/or animals and/or fish. The fuel composition comprises 0-20% of components containing oxygen. Both components are mixed with diesel components based on crude oil and/or fractions from Fischer-Tropsch process.05-21-2009
20120090223METHODS FOR PRODUCING DIESEL RANGE MATERIALS HAVING IMPROVED COLD FLOW PROPERTIES - Embodiments of a method for producing a diesel range material having improved cold flow properties are provided. In one embodiment, the method includes the steps of providing a waxy diesel range feedstock, producing an intermediary product stream containing a predetermined amount of oxygenated organocompounds from the waxy diesel range feedstock, and contacting the intermediary product stream with a dewaxing catalyst under process conditions at which the oxygenated organocompounds chemically interact with the dewaxing catalyst to convert a portion of the n-paraffins within the intermediary product stream to iso-paraffins while minimizing cracking of the diesel range material.04-19-2012
20120324784TAILORED OILS PRODUCED FROM RECOMBINANT HETEROTROPHIC MICROORGANISMS - Methods and compositions for the production of oil, fuels, oleochemicals, and other compounds in recombinant microorganisms are provided, including oil-bearing microorganisms and methods of low cost cultivation of such microorganisms. Microalgal cells containing exogenous genes encoding, for example, a lipase, a sucrose transporter, a sucrose invertase, a fructokinase, a polysaccharide-degrading enzyme, a keto acyl-ACP synthase enzyme, a fatty acyl-ACP thioesterase, a fatty acyl-CoA/aldehyde reductase, a fatty acyl-CoA reductase, a fatty aldehyde reductase, a fatty aldehyde decarbonylase, and/or an acyl carrier protein are useful in manufacturing transportation fuels such as renewable diesel, biodiesel, and renewable jet fuel, as well as oleochemicals such as functional fluids, surfactants, soaps and lubricants.12-27-2012
20080236029Engine fuel compositions - Novel soybean/terpene based fuel compositions and fuel additives are disclosed and claimed herein.10-02-2008
20110232165FUEL OR FUEL ADDITIVE COMPOSITION AND METHOD FOR ITS MANUFACTURE AND USE - Embodiments of a composition useful as a fuel or fuel additive are provided. Certain disclosed embodiments of the composition comprise mid to low flash point naptha, at least one alcohol having a ratio of between about 1 to about 4 carbon atoms to 1 hydroxyl functional group, at least one lubricating oil, and at least one oxygenated natural aromatic compound, wherein the oxygenated natural aromatic compound has a flash point between about 60° C. and about 160° C., has at least one oxygenated functional group, and is soluble in the composition.09-29-2011
20080222946Fuel oil composition - A diesel fuel composition comprising diesel fuel, triglycerides of vegetable origin and an oxygenate material exhibits good engine emissions, improved lubricity and no deterioration in engine performance.09-18-2008
20080244962Process for Co-Producing Jet Fuel and LPG from Renewable Sources - The present invention generally relates to a method for producing an isoparaffinic product useful as jet fuel from a renewable feedstock. The method may also include co-producing a jet fuel and a liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) fraction from a renewable feedstock. The method includes hydrotreating the renewable feedstock to produce a hydrotreating unit heavy fraction that includes n-paraffins and hydroisomerizing the hydrotreating unit heavy fraction to produce a hydroizomerizing unit heavy fraction that includes isoparaffins. The method also includes recycling the hydroisomerizing unit heavy fraction through the hydroisomerization unit to produce an isoparaffinic product that may be fractionated into a jet fuel and an LPG fraction. The present invention also relates to a jet fuel produced from a renewable feedstock having improved cold flow properties.10-09-2008
20080202020Biodiesel additive and method of preparation thereof - Fuel oxygenates comprised of fatty acid or fatty acid ester derivatives which have been reacted with ozone; a base; and a lower alkanol (1 to 8 carbon atoms) are described. The oxygenates comprise ester groups at a point of cleavage by the ozone which provide oxygen in the oxygenate.08-28-2008
20100050502SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR HYDROTHERMAL CONVERSION OF ALGAE INTO BIOFUEL - The invention provides a system for obtaining biofuel from an algae composition comprising algae and water. The system comprises a pump for pressurizing the algae composition to a predefined pressure and a heater for heating the algae composition to a predefined temperature. Lipids in the algae are extracted and/or hydrolyzed to form fatty acids at a set of predefined temperature and pressure. The water may be in a subcritical or supercritical state at the predefined pressure and predefined temperature. The system further comprises a separator for partitioning the treated algae composition into an organic phase which includes the lipids and/or fatty acids, an aqueous phase, and a solid phase with biomass residue, and for collecting the organic phase. The organic phase can be upgraded to biofuel.03-04-2010
20080196299INTEGRATED MULTISTAGE SUPERCRITICAL TECHNOLOGY TO PRODUCE HIGH QUALITY VEGETABLE OILS AND BIOFUELS - The present invention relates to a power generation system, which includes a source of a seed oil, a source of alcohol, and a reactor in communication with the source of seed oil and the source of alcohol. The reactor produces a biofuel product. The system has a power source that operates on a biofuel energy source to produce heated exhaust. The power source is in communication with the reactor to utilize a portion of the biofuel product as its biofuel energy source. The system has a heat transfer mechanism that transfers heat from the exhaust manifold to the reactor. The power source also converts mechanical power into electrical power. Also disclosed is a system that involves extraction of oil from an oilseed product. A method of extracting oil from an oilseed product, a method of making a transesterified seed oil, and a method of making a biofuel are also disclosed, as are products obtained thereby.08-21-2008
20130152459HYDROTREATING METHODS AND HYDROTREATING SYSTEMS - Hydrotreating methods and hydrotreating systems are provided herein. In an embodiment, a hydrotreating method includes heating a petroleum-based diesel feed. The heated petroleum-based diesel feed is introduced to a hydrotreating process. An unheated carbonaceous feed is introduced to the hydrotreating process separate from the heated petroleum-based diesel feed. The heated petroleum-based diesel feed and the unheated carbonaceous feed are co-processed in the hydrotreating process. In an embodiment of a hydrotreating system, the hydrotreating system includes a hydrotreating unit, and a heating apparatus, with the heating apparatus heating petroleum-based diesel feed prior to introduction to the hydrotreating unit. The unheated carbonaceous feed source is in fluid communication with the hydrotreating unit for introducing an unheated carbonaceous feed to the hydrotreating unit separate from the petroleum-based diesel feed.06-20-2013

Patent applications in class Containig triglycerides (e.g., castor oil, corn oil, olive oil, lard, etc.)