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Plant or animal extract mixtures or extracts of indeterminate structure containing

Subclass of:

044 - Fuel and related compositions

044300000 - LIQUID FUELS (EXCLUDING FUELS THAT ARE EXCLUSIVELY MIXTURES OF LIQUID HYDROCARBONS)

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Class / Patent application numberDescriptionNumber of patent applications / Date published
044308000 Containig triglycerides (e.g., castor oil, corn oil, olive oil, lard, etc.) 118
Entries
DocumentTitleDate
20130025188METHOD FOR PRODUCING NEGATIVE CARBON FUEL - A method and process is described for producing negative carbon fuel. In its broadest form, a carbon-containing input is converted to combustible fuels, refinery feedstock, or chemicals and a carbonaceous solid concurrently in separate and substantially uncontaminated form. In an embodiment of the invention, biomass is converted via discrete increasing temperatures under pressure to blendable combustible fuels and a carbonaceous solid. The carbonaceous solid may be reacted to synthesis gas, sold as charcoal product, carbon credits, used for carbon offsets, or sequestered.01-31-2013
20110197498BIOFUEL COMPOSITION, PROCESS OF PREPARATION AND A METHOD OF FUELING THEREOF - The present invention relates to a biofuel composition comprising normal chain alcohol(s), natural oils and diesel optionally along with fuel additive(s); a process of preparation and a method of fueling said biofuel composition.08-18-2011
20130025189FUEL COMPOSITION WITH ENHANCED LOW TEMPERATURE PROPERTIES - Disclosed herein is a fuel oil composition comprising a renewable fuel or a blend of petroleum based fuels with renewable fuels, also containing an additives composition to enhance the base and combined fuel's resistance to forming insoluble particulates upon storage at diminished operating temperatures. Further described is the additive package used to inhibit particulate formation.01-31-2013
20130025187PROCESSES FOR CONVERTING LIGNOCELLULOSICS TO REDUCED ACID PYROLYSIS OIL - Processes for producing reduced acid lignocellulosic-derived pyrolysis oil are provided. In a process, lignocellulosic material is fed to a heating zone. A basic solid catalyst is delivered to the heating zone. The lignocellulosic material is pyrolyzed in the presence of the basic solid catalyst in the heating zone to create pyrolysis gases. The oxygen in the pyrolysis gases is catalytically converted to separable species in the heating zone. The pyrolysis gases are removed from the heating zone and are liquefied to form the reduced acid lignocellulosic-derived pyrolysis oil.01-31-2013
20110185625SOLID, HETEROGENEOUS CATALYSTS AND METHODS OF USE - Solid mixed catalysts and methods for use in conversion of triglycerides and free fatty acids to biodiesel are described. A batch or continuous process may be used with the catalysts for transesterification of triglycerides with an alkyl alcohol to produce corresponding mono carboxylic acid esters and glycerol in high yields and purity. Similarly, alkyl and aryl carboxylic acids and free fatty acids are also converted to corresponding alkyl esters. The described catalysts are thermostable, long lasting, and highly active.08-04-2011
20090133321METHOD FOR PRODUCING A BIO-FUEL - A method for producing a bio-fuel may include selecting a first and a second plant species such that the second plant species, when grown together in competition with the first plant species, causes a BTU value of the first plant species to increase above a range of BTU values that the first plant species has when grown alone. The method may further include planting a combination of the first and second plant species together in competition, harvesting the combination of the first and second plant species when sufficiently mature, and processing the harvested combination of the first and second plant species to produce the bio-fuel.05-28-2009
20110192073EXTRACTION WITH FRACTIONATION OF OIL AND PROTEINACEOUS MATERIAL FROM OLEAGINOUS MATERIAL - Methods for selective extraction and fractionation of algal lipids and algal products are disclosed. A method of selective removal of products from an algal biomass provides for single and multistep extraction processes which enable efficient separation of algal components. Among these components are neutral lipids synthesized by algae, which are extracted by the methods disclosed herein for the production of renewable fuels.08-11-2011
20110192072METHOD TO UPGRADE BIO-OILS TO FUEL AND BIO-CRUDE - This invention relates to a method and device to produce esterified, olefinated/esterified, or thermochemolytic reacted bio-oils as fuels. The olefinated/esterified product may be utilized as a biocrude for input to a refinery, either alone or in combination with petroleum crude oils. The bio-oil esterification reaction is catalyzed by addition of alcohol and acid catalyst. The olefination/esterification reaction is catalyzed by addition of resin acid or other heterogeneous catalyst to catalyze olefins added to previously etherified bio-oil; the olefins and alcohol may also be simultaneously combined and catalyzed by addition of resin acid or other heterogeneous catalyst to produce the olefinated/esterified product.08-11-2011
20080229653METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR PRODUCTION OF BIO-ETHANOL AND OTHER FERMENTATION PRODUCTS - The present invention relates to a method and apparatus for converting organic material into a burnable substance, typically a hydrocarbon fuel, such as ethanol.09-25-2008
20090119978METHOD OF PRODUCTION OF BIOFUEL FROM THE SURFACE OF THE OPEN OCEAN - A method for the production of biofuels from the open ocean comprises the steps: testing the currents to determine that a biomass remains in a zone suitable for harvesting; harvesting a portion of the biomass; and processing a portion of the harvested biomass to produce useful components of biofuels. An improved method of production of a biofuel comprises the additional steps of testing the ocean surface waters to determine any nutrients that are missing, and applying a fertilizer with any missing nutrients. The currents should be such that the biomass created stays in the ocean waters suitable for harvest rather than washed up on shores, or dispersed to other areas of the ocean. Suitable currents include ocean gyres such as the Sargasso Sea. Suitable biomass includes seaweeds that float in the open ocean and aggregate together in floating patches, such as the Sargassum weed in the Sargasso Sea.05-14-2009
20120174471PROCESS TO PRODUCE BIOFUELS FROM BIOMASS - Biomass is contacted with an aqueous media to form an extracted biomass. An aqueous liquor separated from the extracted biomass is treated with a purification substrate to form a treated carbohydrate stream having less than 35% of the sulfur content and less than 35% of the nitrogen content, based on the untreated aqueous liquor stream, prior to contact with an aqueous phase reforming catalyst to form oxygenated intermediates that can be further processed to form a liquid fuel. An extracted biomass solids stream is also separated from the extracted biomass which is contacted with a first digestive solvent and then a second digestive solvent to form a solubilized pulp. This solublilized pulp may be combined with the aqueous liquor stream or combined to an aqueous reforming reaction system or recycled to the aqueous media to be processed further for an effective process to produce the liquid fuel.07-12-2012
20130036660PRODUCTION OF CHEMICALS AND FUELS FROM BIOMASS - The present invention provides methods, reactor systems, and catalysts for converting in a continuous process biomass to fuels and chemicals. The invention includes methods of converting the water insoluble components of biomass, such as hemicellulose, cellulose and lignin, to volatile C02-14-2013
20100107473ENHANCEMENT OF COLD TOLERANCE IN PLANTS - Novel dehydrin promoters isolated from 05-06-2010
20080282605METHOD FOR IMPROVING BIODIESEL FUEL - The addition of strong neutralizing amines to react with free fatty acid in biodiesel fuels that may be left from some synthesis routes can lower the total acid number (TAN) of the biodiesel fuel. Surprisingly, the strong neutralizing amines do not interfere with the biodiesel fuel itself which may be primarily fatty acid methyl esters. These strong neutralizing amines may also improve the oxidative stability of biodiesel fuels.11-20-2008
20090000184METHOD OF PROCESSING BIO-MASS MATTER INTO RENEWABLE FLUID FUELS (SYNTHETIC DIESEL) - The present invention relates to improved production methods and production equipment for fluid fuels including but not limited to ethanol, gasoline, hydrogen, naphtha (for olefin manufacture) and/or diesel but most particularly, “designed” synthetic diesel fuels for use in corresponding diesel engines. Apparatus and methods for producing the fluid fuels are described.01-01-2009
20100325942BIOFUEL - A biofuel product comprises a slurry of pulverized combustible solid biomass material in a combustible liquid product of vegetable origin. In accordance with the invention, the product of vegetable origin is glycerol, and a mixture ratio between the glycerol and the pulverized solid biomass material is such, that the slurry at least upon heating to around 90° C. has a low viscosity and is pumpable.The glycerol utilized is obtained as a byproduct in the production of biodiesel fuel or soap, fatty acids, fatty alcohols or alkyl esters, and the pulverized combustible solid biomass material preferably is lignin powder, and/or wood powder and/or other pulverized vegetable solid biomass material, such as peat,and/or powder of carbon from vegetable material. The biofuel product may be used as a replacement for heavy fuel oil, for example.12-30-2010
20120260563BUBBLING BED CATALYTIC HYDROPYROLYSIS PROCESS UTILIZING LARGER CATALYST PARTICLES AND SMALLER BIOMASS PARTICLES FEATURING AN ANTI-SLUGGING REACTOR - This invention relates to a process for thermochemically transforming biomass or other oxygenated feedstocks into high quality liquid hydrocarbon fuels. In particular, a catalytic hydropyrolysis reactor, containing a deep bed of fluidized catalyst particles is utilized to accept particles of biomass or other oxygenated feedstocks that are significantly smaller than the particles of catalyst in the fluidized bed. The reactor features an insert or other structure disposed within the reactor vessel that inhibits slugging of the bed and thereby minimizes attrition of the catalyst. Within the bed, the biomass feedstock is converted into a vapor-phase product, containing hydrocarbon molecules and other process vapors, and an entrained solid char product, which is separated from the vapor stream after the vapor stream has been exhausted from the top of the reactor. When the product vapor stream is cooled to ambient temperatures, a significant proportion of the hydrocarbons in the product vapor stream can be recovered as a liquid stream of hydrophobic hydrocarbons, with properties consistent with those of gasoline, kerosene, and diesel fuel. Separate streams of gasoline, kerosene, and diesel fuel may also be obtained, either via selective condensation of each type of fuel, or via later distillation of the combined hydrocarbon liquid.10-18-2012
20130152457SYSTEMS CAPABLE OF ADDING CELLULOSIC BIOMASS TO A DIGESTION UNIT OPERATING AT HIGH PRESSURES AND ASSOCIATED METHODS FOR CELLULOSIC BIOMASS PROCESSING - When processing cellulosic biomass, it may be desirable for a digestion unit to operate without being fully depressurized for process efficiency purposes. Methods for processing cellulosic biomass may comprise providing a biomass conversion system comprising a pressurization zone and a digestion unit that are operatively connected to one another; providing cellulosic biomass at a first pressure; introducing at least a portion of the cellulosic biomass into the pressurization zone and pressurizing the pressurization zone to a second pressure higher than the first pressure; after pressurizing the pressurization zone, transferring at least a portion of the cellulosic biomass from the pressurization zone to the digestion unit, which is at a third pressure that is less than or equal to the second pressure but higher than the first pressure; and digesting at least a portion of the cellulosic biomass in the digestion unit to produce a hydrolysate comprising soluble carbohydrates.06-20-2013
20120216451PROCESS FOR HYDROLYSED REFORMING OF LIQUOUS CELLULOSE BIOMASS TO PRODUCE BIO-GASOLINE - The invention discloses a process for hydrolyzed reforming of the ligneous cellulose biomass to produce bio-gaso-line, which directly transfers the hydrolyzed-material liquid obtained from ligneous cellulose biomass through hydrolyzing into in aqueous catalytic reforming system, the feed subjects to aqueous catalytic reforming reaction in low-temperature reforming reactor filled with catalyst Ni/SiO08-30-2012
20120216449METHOD FOR PRODUCING AVIATION FUEL OIL BASE AND AVIATION FUEL OIL COMPOSITION - A method for producing an aviation fuel oil base includes obtaining a first generated oil by hydrotreating a feedstock by bringing a feedstock which includes an oxygen-containing hydrocarbon compound derived from an animal or vegetable oils and fat into contact with a first dual functional catalyst which has dehydrogenation and hydrogenation functions and which includes a metal of group 6A of the periodic table, a metal of group 8, and an amorphous solid acidic substance, in the presence of hydrogen; and obtaining a second generated oil including an aviation fuel oil base by hydroisomerizing the first generated oil by bringing the first generated oil into contact with a second dual functional catalyst which has dehydrogenation and hydrogenation functions and which includes a metal of the group 8 of the periodic table and a crystalline solid acidic substance, in the presence of hydrogen.08-30-2012
20120216450METHOD OF CONVERTING FEEDS FROM RENEWABLE SOURCES IN CO-PROCESSING WITH A PETROLEUM FEED USING A CATALYST BASED ON NICKEL AND MOLYBDENUM - The invention relates to a method of hydrotreatment in co-processing of petroleum feeds, in a mixture with at least one feed obtained from renewable sources, for producing fuel bases (kerosene and/or gas oil) having a sulphur content below 10 ppm, said method comprising the following stages: 08-30-2012
20130067802BIO-ENERGY CONVERSION PROCESS - The invention is a bioenergy and/or waste-to-energy process. The invention is a process using controlled pyrolysis reactions to convert biomass and carbon based waste material into carbon byproducts, biofuels and useable energy in the form of heat and/or electricity. The process includes one or more pyrolysis reaction chambers and a thermal oxidizer. Hot, oxygen-free exhaust gases from the thermal oxidizer are modulated through the pyrolysis reaction chambers to sustain the pyrolysis reaction. The exhaust gases along with the pyrolysis gases are drawn from the pyrolysis reaction chambers and routed to the thermal oxidizer. Combustion air is modulated into the thermal oxidizer through one or more ports to control combustion of the pyrolysis gases. After combustion, exhaust gases are recirculated to the pyrolysis reaction chambers to sustain the cycle.03-21-2013
20130067803ADVANCED CELLULOSIC RENEWABLE FUELS - The invention relates to a process to manufacture advanced cellulosic gasolines. Dilute organic acids derived from pyrolized biomass are converted to their corresponding alcohols in a stand-alone hydrodeoxygenation unit followed by membrane pervaporation step to remove water. The alcohol product is blended directly into a neat hydrocarbon fuel basestock to make unadditized gasoline.03-21-2013
20120102825ETHYLENE/VINYL ACETATE/UNSATURATED ESTERS TERPOLYMER AS AN ADDITIVE FOR IMPROVING THE RESISTANCE TO COLD OF LIQUID HYDROCARBONS SUCH AS MIDDLE DISTILLATES AND FUELS - The disclosure relates to the use as an additive improving cold resistance and filterability of fuels, of at least one copolymer including: 05-03-2012
20130055622Spent grain fuel product and process - A process of making a fuel product from spent grain from a beer brewing process. In the brewing process, the grain is pulverized to a particle size whose mean particle size is generally in the range of 0.25 mm to 0.6 mm with less than 1% greater than 2 mm. After the brewing sugars are extracted from the grain, the spent grain is pressed against a filter to reduce moisture below sixty-five percent (65%), and then the grain is dried to further reduce its moisture to less than ten percent (10%). The dried spent grain, after the aforementioned processing, is fed into a combustion chamber for a steam boiler that is used for beer brewing, and the spent grain is advanced downward through the combustion chamber with agitation to aid combustion.03-07-2013
20130061517Method for Growing Microalgae from Wastewater for Oil Production - A method is provided for growing microalgae from wastewater for oil production in a three-step wastewater treatment facility. In the method, two carbon sources are selected for addition to the wastewater, which contains naturally-occurring bacteria. Specifically, the first carbon source is selected to increase the carbon-to-nitrogen ratio and the carbon-to-phosphorous ratio within the microalgae. The first carbon source serves as a food source for the microalgae, and the second carbon source promotes the breakdown of carbon nitrogen and phosphorous by the bacteria cells into a more easily digestible form for the microalgae. Due to the added carbon, the wastewater supports growth of the microalgae and the production of oils therein.03-14-2013
20120233910ZnO NANOPARTICLE CATALYSTS FOR USE IN TRANSESTERIFICATION AND ESTERIFICATION REACTIONS AND METHOD OF MAKING - A method of forming a product from an oil feedstock, such as a biodiesel product, and a heterogeneous catalyst system used to form said product is disclosed. This catalyst system, which has a high tolerance for the presence of water and free fatty acids (FFA) in the oil feedstock, may simultaneously catalyze both the esterification of FAA and the transesterification of triglycerides present in the oil feedstock. The catalyst system is comprised of a mixture of zinc oxide and a second metal oxide. The zinc oxide includes a mixture of amorphous zinc oxide and zinc oxide nanocrystals, the zinc nanocrystals having a mean grain size between about 20 and 80 nanometers with at least one of the nanocrystals including a mesopore having a diameter of about 5 to 15 nanometers. Preferably, the second metal oxide is a lanthanum oxide, the lanthanum oxide being selected as one from the group of La09-20-2012
20120233909Hair Energy - The invention provides a process by which oil is extracted from human and animal hair is collected from hair salons, barber shops, groomers, abattoirs, stockyards and similar establishments. This hair is then liquefied by any available means to extract all of the natural oil and cellulose contained within. This oil is then utilized in the same manner as traditional fossil fuels to provide an energy source09-20-2012
20080295390SYSTEM FOR THE PRODUCTION OF SYNTHETIC FUELS - A system and method for producing synthetic fuels are disclosed in which a slurry comprised of a particulate solid portion and a carrier liquid portion is provided. The solid portion comprises (i) a feedstock of carbon-containing polymeric materials that are substantially free of each of halogen, sulfur and nitrogen atoms, and contain about 5 to about 25 percent by weight water, and (ii) a catalytic amount of metal particles. The carrier liquid portion is a hydrocarbon/oxyhydrocarbon composition. The feedstock constitutes about 10 to about 60 weight percent of the slurry. The slurry is heated anaerobically to provide an elevated temperature of about 250° to about 455° C. and a pressure of about 20 to about 50 atmospheres that are maintained for a time period sufficient to provide a combustible liquid fuel at least 80 percent of which contains about 6 to about 21 carbon atoms per molecule.12-04-2008
20120090222FUEL MANUFACTURING METHOD - The objective is to obtain fuel having high combustion calorie and superior handleability from a crude glycerin or a fatty acid mixture that have been discarded as industrial waste products. Disclosed is a fuel comprising a water-insolublized fatty acid substance obtained by water-insolubilizing a fatty acid that is contained in a crude glycerin or fatty acid mixtures that are produced as by-products in the process of producing a biofuel from an animal/plant-derived fat/oil. The water-insolublized fatty acid substance is preferably a water-insoluble fatty acid salt, particularly preferably a salt of a fatty acid with a divalent or trivalent metal ion.04-19-2012
20120023810METAL IMPURITY AND HIGH MOLECULAR WEIGHT COMPONENTS REMOVAL OF BIOMASS DERIVED BIOCRUDE - This invention relates to a process for production of transportation fuels from biomass. More particularly, this invention relates to a process for using solvent to remove metal impurities and high molecular weight components from biomass derived biocrude to prevent potential catalyst poisoning and catalyst bed plugging in biocrude-to-transportation fuel upgrading process.02-02-2012
20080216390Biodiesel Fuel Mixture Containing Polyoxymethylene Dialkyl Ether - A biodiesel fuel mixture having a cetane number of >40, comprising 09-11-2008
20110277375DIRECT AQUEOUS PHASE REFORMING AND ALDOL CONDENSATION TO FORM BIO-BASED FUELS - A method comprises providing a bio-based feedstock; contacting the bio-based feedstock with a solvent in a hydrolysis reaction to form an intermediate stream comprising carbohydrates; contacting the intermediate stream with an aqueous phase reforming catalyst to form a plurality of oxygenated intermediates, wherein a first portion of the oxygenated intermediates are recycled to form the solvent; and contacting at least a second portion of the oxygenated intermediates with a condensation catalyst comprising a base functionality to form a fuel blend.11-17-2011
20100287820JATROPHA INTERSPECIFIC HYBRID - A novel plant created as an interspecific hybrid of the genus 11-18-2010
20090165365RESIDUAL FUEL OIL ADDITIVE - Fuel additives are disclosed for high-asphaltene carbonaceous fuels such as residual fuel oil or coal. Such additives provide improved combustion characteristics. Such improved combustion characteristics include one or both of improved efficiency and decreased emissions of pollutants. In particular, the fuel additives include an extract from a plant such as fescue, alfeque, or alfalfa, and optionally, an organometallic compound. The use of a fuel additive including both a plant extract and an organometallic compound is particularly useful in improving the combustion characteristics of fuels with particularly high asphaltene content.07-02-2009
20110283602BIO-OIL RECOVERY SYSTEMS AND METHODS - An emulsion-breaking additive is combined with an emulsion concentrate to yield a reaction product and the emulsion concentrate is produced in a process stream and contains entrapped bio-oil. Subsequent phase separating can be accomplished with gravity separation and/or mechanical processing. The emulsion-breaking additive can be native to the process stream. Related systems and methods are also provided.11-24-2011
20110283601BIOMASS PYROLYSIS CONVERSION PROCESS WITH HIGH OLEFIN PRODUCTION AND UPGRADE - Disclosed is a process for biomass conversion in a catalytic pyrolysis reactor to convert such to liquid hydrocarbons which includes conditions which favor increased olefin production; wherein the olefins are then upgraded alone or with the produced bio-oil to fuel range hydrocarbons.11-24-2011
20110289827Process for the Dissolution of Coal, Biomass and Other Organic Solids in Superheated Water - A process of solubilizing organic solids that includes reacting an organic solid with an oxidant in superheated water to form a solubilized organic solute. Preferably, the organic solid is selected from the group consisting of coal, lignite, kerogen, biomass, solid organic wastes, and mixtures thereof. The oxidant preferably is molecular oxygen.12-01-2011
20110289826PROCESS FOR PRODUCING FUEL FROM VEGETABLE OIL BY USING ORE CATALYST - A process for producing fuel by cracking vegetable oil in a pure state or mixed with a residual hydrocarbon oil, which is obtained from a pyrolysis process, using a dolomite catalyst. The residual hydrocarbon is produced by the pyrolysis of plastic waste, such as of one or more of polyethylene, polystyrene or polypropylene. The mixture of vegetable oil and the residual hydrocarbon oil is first subjected to a semi-batch catalytic cracking reaction over a very low cost dolomite catalyst to obtain high quality oil for fuel, which comprises mainly light and heavy naphtha. Moreover, the catalytic cracking reaction is conducted at operating temperatures lower than 450° C.12-01-2011
20110296742PROCESS FOR OBTAINING COMBUSTIBLES AND FUELS, RESPECTIVELY - A process for obtaining a combustible or fuel, respectively, by thermally cracking a heavy oil in the presence of a wet, hydrocarbonaceous biomass by heating the heavy oil until the pyrolysis of the hydrocarbonaceous biomass, whereby the combustibles and fuels, respectively, are formed, removed from the heated heavy oil and subsequently condensed, characterized in that a hydrocarbonaceous biomass is used the moisture content of which amounts to, at most, 1.0% by weight, based on the biomass.12-08-2011
20110296743FUEL COMPOSITIONS HAVING IMPROVED CLOUD POINT AND IMPROVED STORAGE PROPERTIES - The present invention relates to a fuel composition comprising at least one biodiesel fuel and comprising 0.05 to 5% by weight of at least one polymer comprising ester groups, which comprises repeat units derived from ester monomers having 16 to 40 carbon atoms in the alcohol radical, and repeat units derived from ester monomers having 7 to 15 carbon atoms in the alcohol radical, and the polymer comprising ester groups has a weight-average molecular weight in the range from 5000 to 100 000 g/mol. The present invention further describes the use of polymers comprising ester groups as flow improvers in fuel compositions which comprise at least one biodiesel fuel. Surprising advantages can be achieved especially with regard to the improvement of the cloud point and the low-temperature storability.12-08-2011
20080244961Renewable Engine Fuel - The present invention provides fully renewable engine fuels derived completely from biomass sources. In one embodiment the fully renewable engine fuel is comprised of one or more low carbon number esters, one or more pentosan-derivable furans, one or more aromatic hydrocarbon, one or more C10-09-2008
20090090046PROCESS FOR THE CONVERSION OF BIOMASS TO LIQUID FUELS AND SPECIALTY CHEMICALS - Disclosed is a hydrothermal treatment process for conversion of a carbon-based energy carrier material. The process comprises a step for sensitizing or activating the carbon based energy carrier material to increase its susceptibility to hydrothermal conversion. As a result of the sensitization step, the hydrothermal conversion step itself may be carried out under relatively mild conditions.04-09-2009
20110185624Apparatus and Method for Treating Waste - A process and apparatus for recycling municipal domestic waste comprises subjecting the waste to steam at 150° C.-200°. After steam treatment, the resultant material is separated into constituent parts and biomass and/or plastics subjected to further treatment. The further treatment preferably produces bioethanol from the biomass and diesel from the plastics. As an alternative, some or all of the biomass may be gasified in order to produce hydrogen which may, in turn be fed to a fuel cell to produce an electrical output. The bio diesel or bioalcohol can also be used to produce electricity.08-04-2011
20110197496PRODUCING FUEL AND SPECIALTY CHEMICALS FROM GLYCERIDE CONTAINING BIOMASS - A method for catalytically cracking a triglyceride-containing biomass can include the steps of (i) catalytically cracking triglycerides in a biomass-catalyst mixture, at a temperature below about 300° C., to produce a first oil and a cellulosic portion and (ii) catalytically cracking cellulose in the cellulosic portion, at a temperature between about 300 and about 600° C., to produce a second oil. Another method for catalytically cracking a triglyceride-containing biomass includes catalytically cracking triglycerides in a biomass-catalyst mixture, at a temperature between about 300 and about 600° C., where the catalyst comprises an acidic or basic catalyst, to produce an oil comprising aromatics.08-18-2011
20110167712SELF-SUSTAINABLE MOBILE BIODIESEL PRODUCTION PLANT AND METHOD - The “MOBILE PLANT FOR SELF-SUSTAINABLE BIODIESEL PRODUCTION AND MOBILE PROCESS FOR BIODIESEL PRODUCTION” characterized by a compact equipment arrangement for the biodiesel production in a way intended to reduce waste generation and, additionally, allow reuse/application of some of them; it is organized and arranged over a chassis with axle and wheels that can be attached and taken to various locations, presents a self-sustainable format to use its own fuel to generate electricity to supply the entire plant, if necessary.07-14-2011
20110258911BIOFUEL PRODUCTION METHOD AND SYSTEM - In an embodiment of the present invention, a renewable energy fuel is prepared by a process including the steps of: a) providing a renewable energy feedstock; b) providing an alcohol; c) providing a catalyst; d) mixing (a), (b), and (c) to form a blend; and e) homogenizing the blend at a pressure greater than 400 kilogram-force per square centimeter (Kg/cm2).10-27-2011
20110258914METHODS FOR INTEGRATED FAST PYROLYSIS PROCESSING OF BIOMASS - Methods, process, apparatus, equipment, and systems are disclosed for converting biomass into bio-oil fractions for chemicals, materials, feedstocks and fuels using a low-cost, integrated fast pyrolysis system. The system improves upon prior art by creating stable, bio-oil fractions which have unique properties that make them individually superior to conventional bio-oil. The invention enables water and low-molecular weight compounds to be separated into a final value-added fraction suitable for upgrading or extracting into value-added chemicals, fuels and water. Initial bio-oil fractions from the process are chemically distinct, have low-water content and acidity which reduces processing costs normally associated with conventional bio-oil post-production upgrading since fewer separation steps, milder processing conditions and lower auxiliary inputs are required. Biochar is stabilized so that it can be handled safely. The integrated fast pyrolysis process includes biomass storage, preparation, pretreatment, and conversion, product recovery and processing to create and store stable biochar and bio-oil fractions.10-27-2011
20120023809METHODS FOR PRODUCING PHASE STABLE, REDUCED ACID BIOMASS-DERIVED PYROLYSIS OILS - Methods for producing phase stable, reduced acid biomass-derived pyrolysis oils are provided. Biomass-derived pyrolysis oil having a determined water content no greater than about 30% by weight is provided. A base is mixed with the biomass-derived pyrolysis oil to produce reduced acid biomass-derived pyrolysis oil. A base is selected from an inorganic base or a nitrogen-containing base.02-02-2012
20120110898METHOD FOR LIPID EXTRACTION FROM BIOMASS - A method for recovering lipids from microbial biomass, the method including providing wet microbial biomass which contains lipids to extraction without disrupting the biomass cell walls, and subsequently, extracting the wet microbial biomass with a liquid extractant at elevated temperature of at least 170° C. and elevated pressure. The combination of the temperature and pressure is such that the lipids in the cells are contacted with the extractant. Subsequently the extracted lipids are recovered from or with the extractant.05-10-2012
20120110897Biofuel Production - This patent relates to biofuels, such as biodiesel and production of biofuels. One example, introduces a reactant to a renewable feedstock. The example produces a biofuel from the renewable feedstock and separates the reactant from the biofuel. The example recycles the reactant to react with additional renewable feedstock. The example also transfers heat from the recycled reactant to the additional renewable feedstock.05-10-2012
20120110896METHOD FOR WET TORREFACTION OF A BIOMASS - A process for increasing the energy density of a biomass, which includes establishing a temperature and pressure within a reaction chamber that includes water and is at or above a desired reaction condition wherein the desired reaction condition is sufficient to increase the energy density of a reacted biomass; introducing a biomass into the reaction chamber such that the desired reaction condition is maintained or equilibrates thereto; and subjecting the biomass to the desired reaction condition for an amount of time effective to increase the energy density of the reacted biomass relative to the biomass prior to reaction.05-10-2012
20110197497BROWN GREASE TREATMENT PROCESSES - Provided herein is a process for rapidly reclaiming brown grease from a source of brown grease. In particular, the process comprises simultaneously transporting and heating the source of brown grease through a heated metal pipeline, and separating the lipid component comprising brown grease from other components in the source of brown grease. Also provided is a method for preparing a biodiesel solution from a lipid mixture comprising brown grease.08-18-2011
20100077652METHOD FOR THE PRODUCTION OF A FUEL FROM VEGETABLE OIL - The invention relates to a method for producing a fuel from vegetable oil in order to operate of diesel internal combustion engines. In said method, the oleaginous fruit is pressed, and the dripping oil is filtered. According to the invention, the dripping vegetable oil containing the cloudy matter is mixed with a clay material in a first step before being filtered and is filtered in a second step.04-01-2010
20080209797Liquid fuel feedstock production process - A process for converting feedstock into liquid hydrocarbon fuel condensate includes the steps of providing an unconventional feedstock for producing liquid hydrocarbon fuel, providing a heated heat transfer medium flowing through at least one thermal reaction zone under substantially carbon rejection process conditions and placing the feedstock onto the heated heat transfer medium flow so that the feedstock substantially rides on the flow surface of the heated heat transfer medium without substantially any mixing of the feedstock with the heat transfer medium, vaporizing at least a portion of the feedstock to form vapours while the feedstock is in the thermal reaction zones by heat transfer to the feedstock from the heat transfer medium and condensing the vapours into a liquid hydrocarbon fuel condensate.09-04-2008
20080209796Method of converting animal waste inot a multi-phase fuel - A method of converting agricultural waste to a fuel comprising adding about 5% to about 90% agricultural waste to about 10% to about 95% reaction solution of water and alcohol. The reaction solution ranges from about 100% alcohol to about 100% water. The reactants are subjected to a heat of about 230° C. to about 370° C. under a pressure of about atmospheric to about 3000 psig for three minutes or more. Another embodiment of the method of converting agricultural waste to a fuel further adds about 0.5% to about 15% of an oxidizing agent to the reactants. A further embodiment of the method of converting agricultural waste to a fuel adds about 10% to about 50% by weight of diesel fuel to the reactants.09-04-2008
20110138679METHODS FOR ANALYZING AND OPTIMIZING BIOFUEL COMPOSITIONS - The invention provides novel methods for optimizing the design of a fatty acid alkyl ester-containing biofuel (e.g. a biodiesel, a biodiesel blend, or a jet biofuel) and for identifying a fatty acid alkyl ester-containing biofuel's feedstock.06-16-2011
20110167713PROCESS FOR DIRECT HYDORLIQUEFACTION OF BIOMASS COMPRISING TWO STAGES OF EBULLATING BED HYDROCONVERSION - A process for direct hydroliquefaction of biomass selected from algae, lignocellulosic biomass and/or of one or more constituents of lignocellulosic biomass selected from the group comprising cellulose, hemicellulose and/or lignin for producing fuel bases comprising two successive hydroconversion stages under high hydrogen pressure in ebullating bed reactors. Hydroconversion takes place in the presence of a supported catalyst of the type for hydroconversion of petroleum residue and a suspension composed of the biomass and a solvent, preferably a hydrogen donor solvent and preferably recycled from the process. The biomass can undergo a pretreatment of drying and/or roasting and/or grinding and/or demineralization prior to hydroliquefaction.07-14-2011
20110203165ENHANCED BIODIESEL FUEL HAVING IMPROVED LOW-TEMPERATURE PROPERTIES AND METHODS OF MAKING SAME - The present invention is generally directed to novel biodiesel fuel compositions having enhanced low-temperature properties. The present invention is additionally directed to methods (i.e., processes) for making such enhanced biodiesel fuels by improving the low-temperature properties of ester-based biodiesel fuels via in situ enhancement and/or additive enhancement.08-25-2011
20080216391SYNTHESIS OF LIQUID FUELS AND CHEMICALS FROM OXYGENATED HYDROCARBONS - Processes and reactor systems are provided for the conversion of oxygenated hydrocarbons to hydrocarbons, ketones and alcohols useful as liquid fuels, such as gasoline, jet fuel or diesel fuel, and industrial chemicals. The process involves the conversion of mono-oxygenated hydrocarbons, such as alcohols, ketones, aldehydes, furans, carboxylic acids, diols, triols, and/or other polyols, to C09-11-2008
20100077651BIODIESEL-DERIVED COMBUSTION IMPROVER - The present invention is generally directed to novel fuel compositions and to methods (i.e., processes) for enhancing the combustion efficiency and/or other properties of diesel fuels, particularly wherein such diesel fuels are, or comprise, biodiesel, such biodiesel typically having poorer low-temperature properties than traditional (petroleum) diesel. Generally, such fuel compositions are provided by the creation and inclusion of a quantity of one or more epoxy-ester species, such species serving as combustion improvers for the fuel composition of which they are part.04-01-2010
20080289247BIOFUELS CONTAINING NITRILE MOIETIES - A novel method to prepare high-enthalpy biofuels has been developed based on a new chemical pattern which has never been used before in the synthesis of renewable fuels. These biofuels are based on natural oleaginous feedstock, rendering low viscosity liquids with broad liquid range and enthalpy levels much superior to those found in common biodiesel, meaning ethyl or methyl fatty esters. As in the case of biodiesel, these new biofuels contain zero sulfur, causing none of the major pollution associated with commercial diesel. High enthalpy biofuels are aliphatic nitrile compounds, containing a single nitrogen substituent, are chemically aprotic, even though their high degree of polarity is reflected in its high cetane index and solubility parameter. The present invention includes fuels associated with diesel, as well as other high-enthalpy fractions, which according to their boiling point, correspond to naphtha in the lower scale, and bunker in the upper scale.11-27-2008
20120291340CONVERSION OF A SOLID BIOMASS MATERIAL - A process or a system for converting a solid biomass material is provided, comprising contacting the solid biomass material with a catalytic cracking catalyst at a temperature of more than 400° C. in a riser reactor to produce one or more cracked products. The riser reactor contains: 11-22-2012
20090172996ETHANOL AS A FEEDSTOCK FOR A BCTL FACILITY - A method of producing fuel by converting an alcohol stream comprising at least one alcohol into synthesis gas; providing a first synthesis gas stream, wherein at least a portion of the first synthesis gas stream comprises synthesis gas obtained from the alcohol conversion; converting a feed comprising synthesis gas via Fischer-Tropsch into a Fischer-Tropsch product comprising hydrocarbons, wherein at least a portion of the feed comprises synthesis gas from the first synthesis gas stream; and converting at least a portion of the Fischer-Tropsch product into fuel. A diesel fuel comprising hydrocarbons formed by Fischer-Tropsch conversion of synthesis gas derived from an alcohol stream comprising at least one alcohol.07-09-2009
20090025278PRODUCTION OF BIOMASS FUEL - Method and device for producing fuel from molded biomass in which the biomass used is dried biological wastes or fermentation products resulting from wet and/or dry fermentation, and/or silage products, and/or other dry or moist biological wastes.01-29-2009
20090049738METHOD FOR THE PRODUCTION OF FUELS FROM BIOGENOUS RAW MATERIALS AND INSTALLATION AND CATALYST COMPOSITION FOR CARRYING OUT SAID METHOD - The invention relates to a method for producing fuel from biogenous raw materials, to an installation for carrying out said method, to catalyst compositions suitable for said method, and to the use of catalysts for producing fuel from biogenous raw materials.02-26-2009
20120066963DEVICE FOR PREPARING BIO-OIL, SYSTEM FOR PREPARING BIO-OIL AND METHOD FOR PREPARING BIO-OIL USING THE SAME - A device for preparing bio-oil, a system for preparing bio-oil and a method for preparing bio-oil using the same are provided. Biomass is supplied to an inclined portion of a reactor, and high-temperature hot sand is supplied to an upper side of the biomass supplied to the inclined portion. Then, a heater heats the inclined portion. Thus, the fast pyrolysis performance of the biomass can be enhanced, thereby increasing the yield of bio-oil. Also, combustion gas produced from the heater is supplied to the interior of the reactor, so that the interior of the reactor can be simply formed under a nonoxidizing atmosphere. Accordingly, the device for preparing bio-oil can be manufactured into a very simple structure.03-22-2012
20110219672HYDROPROCESSING OF BIODIESEL FUELS AND BLENDS - A method for producing diesel fuel from biocomponent feeds includes hydrotreating the feed followed by catalytic dewaxing with a ZSM-48 containing catalyst. The hydrotreated feed may be cascaded directly to the dewaxing step, or the hydrotreated feed can undergo intermediate separation. The diesel fuel resulting from processing of the biocomponent feed exhibits superior cetane values.09-15-2011
20110219671DEWAXING OF RENEWABLE DIESEL FUEL - Feeds containing a hydrotreated biocomponent portion, and optionally a mineral portion, can be processed under catalytic conditions for isomerization and/or dewaxing. The sulfur content of the feed for dewaxing can be selected based on the hydrogenation metal used for the catalyst. Diesel fuel products with improved cold flow properties can be produced.09-15-2011
20110219670DEVICE, METHOD AND USE OF A REACTOR FOR PRODUCING STARTING MATERIALS, COMBUSTIBLE SUBSTANCES AND FUELS FROM ORGANIC SUBSTANCES - The invent on relates to a device for producing starting materials, combustible suhstances and fuels from organic substances. Said device comprises a reactor (09-15-2011
20110219668METHOD OF USING CONTAMINATED WATER FROM AN OILWELL EFFLUENT STREAM - A method of using contaminated water from a well effluent stream produced by oil wells to produce biofuel and/or other biochemical compositions comprises: a) separating the well effluent stream in an oil-water separator assembly into a crude oil stream and a contaminated water stream with capped fractions of contaminants, such as crude oil, salt and metals; b) feeding at least a fraction of the contaminated water stream (09-15-2011
20110138680PROCESS FOR CONVERTING FEEDS DERIVED FROM RENEWABLE SOURCES WITH PRE-TREATMENT OF FEEDS BY HOT DEPHOSPHATATION - The invention concerns a process for the pre-treatment of an unrefined vegetable or animal oil, consisting of passing said oil through a reactor comprising at least one fixed bed of at least one adsorbent comprising a porous refractory oxide which is free of catalytic metals, at a temperature in the range 130° C. to 320° C., at a pressure in the range 0.1 to 7 MPa and with a residence time for said oil on said fixed bed in the range 0.1 to 1 hour. The invention concerns a process for pre-treatment of a semi-refined vegetable or animal oil, integrated upstream of a hydrotreatment step for the production of green gas oil.06-16-2011
20120192481POLYMERIC MATERIAL OF PHOTOSYNTHETIC ORIGIN COMPRISING PARTICULATE INORGANIC MATERIAL - Disclosed is a new composition of matter comprising a polymeric material of photosynthetic origin having embedded therein small particles of an inorganic material. The composition of matter is particularly suitable for use in processes whereby the polymeric material is converted to fuels in liquid or gas form, and/or to the valuable specialty chemicals. The polymeric material comprises biomass. More specifically, the polymeric material comprises cellulose and at least one of hemicellulose and lignin.08-02-2012
20100154291METHODS FOR IMPROVING LOW-TEMPERATURE PROPERTIES OF BIODIESEL FUEL - The present invention is generally directed to novel biodiesel fuel compositions having enhanced low-temperature properties. The present invention is additionally directed to methods (i.e., processes) for making such enhanced biodiesel fuels by improving the low-temperature properties of ester-based biodiesel fuels via in situ enhancement and/or additive enhancement.06-24-2010
20130212930PROCESS FOR PRODUCING A REFINERY STREAM-COMPATIBLE BIO-OIL FROM A LIGNOCELLULOSIC FEEDSTOCK - In one aspect, a method for rendering biomass-derived pyrolysis oil miscible with refinery hydrocarbons comprises mixing a high oxygen content bio-oil having an oxygen content of at least about 10 wt. % with a low oxygen content bio-oil having an oxygen content of less than about 8 wt. % to produce a blended oil. The blended oil may be hydrotreated to produce a deoxygenated hydrotreated mixture from which water is removed using a separator, resulting in a low oxygen content hybrid bio-oil intermediate miscible in refinery process streams. A portion of the low oxygen content hybrid bio-oil intermediate may be recycled with the high oxygen content bio-oil or removed for use in a refinery process stream for further hydroprocessing.08-22-2013
20120102824FUEL COMPOSITIONS - A fuel composition for a homogenous charge compression ignition engine includes a combination of a gasoline fuel and a diesel fuel, the combination having a derived cetane number of from about 19.9 to 45 as determined in accordance with ASTM method D6890. A method for making the fuel composition provides for blending presently available gasoline fuel and diesel fuel together in a ratio to obtain the desired fuel composition.05-03-2012
20120102823PRODUCTION OF HIGH SOLIDS SYRUP FROM LIGNOCELLULOSIC BIOMASS HYDROLYSATE FERMENTATION BROTH - Lignocellulosic biomass hydrolysate fermentation broth may be processed to produce a high solids syrup having relatively low viscosity that has a high energy content and may be burned in a fermentation production process. The high solids syrup was achieved through liquid/solid separation of broth or depleted broth producing a thin stillage with low suspended solids allowing evaporation to high solids while maintaining low viscosity.05-03-2012
20120137572PROCESSING BIOMASS WITH A HYDROGEN SOURCE - A method is disclosed including co-processing a biomass feedstock and a refinery feedstock in a refinery unit. The method can include producing a liquid product by catalytically cracking or hyrocracking or hydrotreating a biomass feedstock and a refinery feedstock in a refinery unit having a fluidized reactor. Catalytically cracking can include transferring hydrogen from the refinery feedstock to carbon and oxygen from the biomass feedstock. Hydrocracking or hydrotreating can include transferring hydrogen from a hydrogen source to carbon and oxygen from the biomass feedstock, and to carbon from the refinery feedstock.06-07-2012
20090313887Method for Refining Vegetable Oils and Additive Therefore, and Their Use as Substitute of Diesel Fuel - This invention relates to a method for refining vegetable oils, in particular cottonseed oil or a possible mixture of it with others, as substitute of diesel fuel remarkable in that a sequence of treatment steps to be performed on crude vegetable oil, including: a) a pre-treatment thereof consisting of the removal of oil insoluble impurities from the crude oil, b) removal of oil soluble impurities therefrom, c) a free acid neutralization thereof, and d) a drying, bleaching and filtration thereof. This invention also relates to an Additive of organic basis, containing ether, ketone, toluene, hexane, turpentine, alcohols in specific concentrations.12-24-2009
20090077864Integrated Process of Algae Cultivation and Production of Diesel Fuel from Biorenewable Feedstocks - An integrated process has been developed for producing diesel boiling range fuel from renewable feedstocks such as plant and animal fats and oils and for cultivating algae or greenhouse plants. The process involves catalytically treating a renewable feedstock by hydrogenating and deoxygenating to provide a hydrocarbon fraction useful as a diesel boiling range fuel. A selective separation may be used to remove at least the carbon dioxide from the first zone effluent.03-26-2009
20090077865Production of Diesel Fuel from Biorenewable Feedstocks with Heat Integration - A process has been developed for producing diesel boiling range fuel or fuel blending component from renewable feedstocks such as plant oils and greases. The process involves treating a renewable feedstock by hydrogenating and deoxygenating i.e. decarboxylating and/or hydrodeoxygenating to provide a hydrocarbon fraction useful as a diesel fuel. The hydrocarbon fraction is isomerized to improve cold flow properties. At least one interstage stream of the hydrogenating and deoxygenating reaction zone is heat exchanged with the feed to the isomerization reaction zone, and/or the effluent of the hydrogenating and deoxygenating reaction zone is heat exchanged with the feed to the isomerization reaction zone.03-26-2009
20090077863PROCESS OF PRODUCING OIL FROM ALGAE USING BIOLOGICAL RUPTURING - A process for production of biofuels from algae can include cultivating an oil-producing algae, extracting the algal oil, and converting the algal oil to form biodiesel. Extracting the algal oil from the oil-producing algae can include biologically rupturing cell wall and oil vesicles of the oil-producing algae using at least one enzyme such as a cellulose or glycoproteinase, a structured enzyme system such as a cellulosome, a virus, or combination of these materials.03-26-2009
20090077862LUBRICITY ADDITIVES AND METHODS OF PRODUCING LUBRICITY ADDITIVES - Methods of producing lubricity additives and lubricity additives are disclosed. The methods of producing lubricity additives include removing sulfur from a tall oil fatty acid to a level of about 25 ppm or less and fractionally crystallizing the tall oil fatty acid to produce a lubricity additive which does not form crystals at temperatures as low as about −20° F. The sulfur may be removed prior to or after fractionally crystallizing the tall oil fatty acid. Methods of improving the lubricity of a fuel are also disclosed.03-26-2009
20100236135SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR GROWING ALGAE ON HUMAN INFRASTRUCTURE - A tank infrastructure that is installed on space that is covered with human development, and used to grow blue green algae or other algae. This includes application over roads, tracks, buildings, parking lots, and any other space that is viewed from space as being any color other than green due to human development destroying photosynthetic life. It can also be utilized in desert landscapes and other areas such as in or over oceans. The algae produced will act as a large carbon sink to aid in curbing global warming, and will be used in the production of alternative fuels as well as for human or animal consumption and in industry.09-23-2010
20120192482TECHNIQUES FOR PROCESSING WASTE MATERIALS INTO USEFUL PRODUCTS - Waste material, such as municipal solid waste or source separated organic waste, is subjected to a first separation treatment that separates organic and inorganic waste components from the waste material and that forms the organic waste component into organic slurry containing waste water, oil/grease and organic material. The organic slurry is subjected to a second separation treatment that separates the waste water, oil/grease and organic material in the organic slurry from one another. The waste water, oil/grease and organic material are subjected to further processing to produce useful products, including animal feed additives, and raw materials for cosmetics, fertilizers/composts, and renewable fuels for producing renewable energy.08-02-2012
20110232163BIOMASS OIL CONVERSION USING CARBON MONOXIDE AND WATER - A pyrolysis oil derived from a lignocellulosic biomass material is converted into precursors for liquid hydrocarbon transportation fuels by contacting the oil with water and carbon monoxide at elevated temperature, typically from 280 to 350° C., an elevated pressure, typically a total system pressure of 12 to 30 MPa and a CO partial pressure from 5 to 10 MPa and a weight ratio of water:biomass oil from 0.5:1 to 5.0:1, to dissolve the oil into the reaction mixture and depolymerize, deoxygenate and hydrogenate the oil, so converting it into liquid transportation fuel precursors.09-29-2011
20100293838LIQUID FUEL FROM AQUATIC BIOMASS - A process is disclosed for converting aquatic biomass to a bio-oil. The process comprises mixing the aquatic biomass with a particulate catalytic material; subjecting the aquatic biomass to a catalytic cracking reaction to form a reaction mixture comprising a bio-oil; and isolating the bio-oil from the reaction mixture. Preferably the process is integrated with a plant for producing aquatic biomass, so that heat and CO11-25-2010
20100293839PROCESS FOR MAKING BIO-OILS AND FRESH WATER FROM AQUATIC BIOMASS - A reactive distillation process is disclosed for converting aquatic biomass to a bio-oil. In the process a slurry of aquatic biomass is contacted with a particulate inorganic material. The mixture is heated to or above its boiling point. During the heating step biomass is converted to bio-oil. In a preferred embodiment water vapors emanating from the slurry are collected and condensed. The fresh water obtained may be used for irrigation, in human domestic uses, and for human consumption.11-25-2010
20110126448Process, Plant, and Biofuel For Integrated Biofuel Production - This invention relates to a process, a plant, and a biofuel for integrated biofuel production, such as with biogasoline, biodiesel, and/or sugar product. The integrated process includes the step of removing hexose from a feedstock to form a lignocellulosic material. The process also includes the step of converting the hexose to a biogasoline and/or a biodiesel material, and the step of depolymerizing lignocellulosic material to form pentose and a residue. The process also includes the step of converting the pentose to a biogasoline and/or a biodiesel material.06-02-2011
20100319242EBULLATING BED METHODS FOR TREATMENT OF BIOCOMPONENT FEEDSTOCKS - Processes are provided for producing a diesel fuel product having a sulfur content of 15 wppm or less (e.g., 10 wppm or less) from feed sources that include a biocomponent feedstock. The biocomponent feedstock can be initially co-processed with a mineral feed in a fluidized bed stage, such as an ebullating bed processing stage. Ebullating bed processing can mitigate the impact of the biocomponent feed on other hydrotreatment aspects of a diesel boiling range feed. Challenged biocomponent feeds can be handled by introducing the biocomponent feed into the ebullating bed reactor in a manner that reduces the fouling impact of the feed.12-23-2010
20110107656CONVERSION OF VEGETABLE OILS TO BASE OILS AND TRANSPORTATION FUELS - The present invention is directed to methods (processes) and systems for processing triglyceride-containing, biologically-derived oils to provide for base oils and transportation fuels, wherein partial oligomerization of fatty acids contained therein provide for an oligomerized mixture from which the base oils and transportation fuels can be extracted. Such methods and systems can involve an initial hydrotreating step or a direct isomerization of the oligomerized mixture.05-12-2011
20120266525PROCESS FOR CONVERTING A SOLID BIOMASS MATERIAL - A process for converting a solid biomass material is provided. The solid biomass material is contacted with a catalytic cracking catalyst at a temperature of more than 400° C. in a riser reactor to produce one or more cracked products. The riser reactor is an external riser reactor with a curve and/or low velocity zone at its termination and wherein a part of the catalytic cracking catalyst has deposited in the curve and/or low velocity zone.10-25-2012
20090064566METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR CONVERTING ORGANIC MATERIAL - The present invention relates to a method and apparatus for intensifying the energy content of an organic material by converting the material into hydrocarbons and the resulting product thereof. A method for converting an organic material into hydrocarbon fuels is disclosed. The method comprising the steps of pressurising said organic material being in a fluid to a pressure above 225 bar, heating said organic material in said fluid to a temperature above 200 C in the presence of a homogeneous catalyst comprising a compound of at least one element of group IA of the periodic table of elements. The disclosed method further comprises the steps of contacting said organic material in said fluid with a heterogeneous catalyst comprising a compound of at least one element of group IVB of the periodic table and/or alpha-alumina assuring that said fluid has initially a pH value of above 7.03-12-2009
20110113675METHOD OF TREATING BIOMASS, FUEL FOR FUEL CELL, GASOLINE, DIESEL FUEL, LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GAS, AND SYNTHETIC RESIN - In processing of biomass by catalytic cracking in a fluidized catalytic cracker having a reaction zone, a separation zone, a stripping zone, and a regeneration zone, the feedstock oil containing the biomass is processed in the reaction zone using a catalyst containing 10 to 50 mass % of ultrastable Y-type zeolite under the conditions: outlet temperature of the reaction zone 580 to 680° C., catalyst/oil ratio 10 to 40 wt/wt, reaction pressure 1 to 3 kg/cm05-19-2011
20110209387Bio-Oil Production Method - The invention relates to methods for the conversion of lignocellulosic matter into fuel products. More specifically, the invention relates to methods for the generation of a bio-oil product from specific component(s) of lignocellulosic matter.09-01-2011
20110083360IMMOBILIZED RESINS FOR ALGAL OIL EXTRACTION - A reverse phase extraction method for the recovery of triglycerides from aqueous slurries of algae is described herein. The present invention discloses the use of immobilized anion exchange and lipid binding resins. As the algae flows past the resin, triglycerides adhere while the bulk of the algae flows through. The lipids, useful for generating biofuels are then are eluted off the resin. The method of the present invention does not require prior drying of the algae, is inexpensive, and does not destroy the algal biomass which can be used for other purposes.04-14-2011
20110239530USE OF WELL MIXED, BACKMIXED REACTORS FOR PROCESSING OF UNSTABLE BIO FEEDSTOCKS - In the present invention, pyrolysis oil is processed in a well mixed or a back mixed reactor to prevent the plugging up of a reactor that otherwise occurs. The pyrolysis oil can then be further upgraded in a hydroprocessing reactor through use of an appropriate catalyst.10-06-2011
20110239529BIODIESELS USEFUL FOR IMPROVING CLOUD POINT - The instant invention pertains to new biodiesels which may be blended with petrodiesel. The biodiesels may comprise a fatty acid C10-06-2011
20120198756FLUID CATALYTIC CRACKING OF OXYGENATED COMPOUNDS - A process is disclosed for fluid catalytic cracking of oxygenated hydrocarbon compounds such as glycerol and bio-oil.08-09-2012
20110146135LOW METAL BIOMASS-DERIVED PYROLYSIS OILS AND PROCESSES FOR PRODUCING THE SAME - Low metal biomass-derived pyrolysis oils and processes for producing the same are provided. Low metal biomass-derived pyrolysis oil is produced by a process of contacting metal-containing biomass-derived pyrolysis oil with an acidic ion-exchange resin having sulfonic acid groups. Low metal biomass-derived pyrolysis oil is removed from spent acidic ion-exchange resin after ion-exchange.06-23-2011
20090031615INTEGRATED METHOD FOR PRODUCING A FUEL COMPONENT FROM BIOMASS AND SYSTEM THEREFOR - Disclosed here are integrated methods and systems for producing fuel from biomass. The methods and systems pertain to gasifying a feed derived from biomass fermentate separation residue, such as corn-based distiller's grains, and producing a liquid transportation fuel component, such as aviation turbine fuel, from the gasified feed in a hydrocarbon synthesis reactor. At least a portion of the waste heat from the hydrocarbon synthesis reactor is supplied to a thermal process for liquefying, fermenting or distilling a biomass, or to a thermal process for separating or treating a biomass fermentate separation residue.02-05-2009
20090031614Environmentally-Friendly Fuel Compositions - Fuel additive packages and fuel compositions having environmentally compatible characteristics as defined by European Council Directive 67/548/EEC is disclosed. Such additive packages and compositions may include components selected from non-persistent materials, non-bioaccumulative materials, or non-toxic materials.02-05-2009
20100058648Integrated Process for Production of Diesel Fuel from Renewable Feedstocks and Ethanol Denaturizing - An integrated process has been developed for producing diesel boiling range fuel from renewable feedstocks such as plant and animal fats and oils and using a byproduct naphtha as a denaturant for ethanol. The process involves treating a renewable feedstock by hydrogenating and deoxygenating i.e. decarboxylating, decarbonylating, and/or hydrodeoxygenating to provide a hydrocarbon fraction useful as a diesel fuel or diesel boiling range fuel blending component. If desired, the hydrocarbon fraction can be isomerized to improve cold flow properties. A byproduct naphtha stream from the diesel boiling range fuel production process is used as the denaturant in an alcohol denaturing process for the generation of denaturized ethanol.03-11-2010
20110099889METHOD FOR PURIFYING BIODIESEL OR BIODIESEL PRECURSORS - A method for purifying biodiesel, biodiesel precursors, or the mixtures thereof, which contain at least one glycoside wherein biodiesel or a biodiesel precursor or a mixture thereof is incubated with at least one enzyme, in order to convert or cleave said at least one glycoside. In addition, the purified products which can be obtained according to this method and the use of at least one enzyme, which can cleave or convert glycoside, for purifying biodiesel or biodiesel precursors and the mixtures thereof.05-05-2011
20110099888Catalytic Hydropyrolysis of Organophillic Biomass - A process for producing fuel from biomass is disclosed herein. The process includes torrefying biomass material at a temperature between 80° C. and 300° C. to form particulated biomass having a mean average particle size from about 1 μm to about 1000 μm. The particulated biomass is mixed with a liquid to form a suspension, wherein the liquid comprises bio-oil, wherein the suspension includes between 1 weight percent to 40 weight percent particulated biomass. The suspension is fed into a hydropyrolysis reactor; and at least a portion of the particulated biomass of the suspension is converted into fuel.05-05-2011
20110047863Production of Oil in Microorganisms - The invention provides methods of manufacturing biodiesel and other oil-based compounds using glycerol and combinations of glycerol and other feedstocks as an energy source in fermentation of oil-bearing microorganisms. Microorganisms disclosed herein contain an exogenous gene encoding lipid pathway modification or hydrocarbon modification enzymes, and can be cultivated using glycerol, including glycerol waste from biodiesel production, as a feedstock.03-03-2011
20110047864METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR PRODUCING A FUEL FROM A BIOMASS OR BIO-OIL - Methods and reactors for producing a fuel are disclosed herein. In some embodiments, the method uses a biomass feedstock and alkane and/or alcohol feedstock, which can be contacted with a metal-containing catalyst to form products including a bio-oil. In some embodiments, oxygen-containing functional groups can be removed from a bio-oil using one or more zeolite thin films.03-03-2011
20110173876Method - The present invention relates to a method for reducing the amount of steryl glycoside in an oil or fat (e.g. a biofuel substrate) and/or a biofuel, the method comprising admixing one or more enzymes with an oil or fat comprising steryl glycoside; such that said one or more enzymes degrades the steryl glycoside. The one or more enzymes is preferably an enzyme which is capable of hydrolysing the glycosidic bond in a steryl glycoside. Suitably the enzyme may be a glycosidase enzyme and/or a β-glucosidase and/or an amyloglucosidase.07-21-2011
20120198757AVIATION FUEL OIL COMPOSITION - To provide an aviation fuel oil composition which has excellent life cycle characteristics and achieves excellent specific fuel consumption. The aviation fuel oil composition according to the present invention includes: a first base which is a fraction having a boiling range of 140 to 280° C. obtained through a step of hydrotreating a first feedstock containing a sulfur-containing hydrocarbon compound and an oxygen-containing hydrocarbon compound derived from an animal or vegetable oil and fat or a second feedstock which is an oil blend of the first feedstock and a petroleum-based base obtained by refining a crude oil; and a second base which is a fraction having a boiling range of 140 to 280° C. obtained from a heavy oil cracking apparatus.08-09-2012
20110154724FATTY ESTER COMPOSITIONS WITH IMPROVED OXIDATIVE STABILITY - Compositions containing unsaturated fatty esters may be stabilized against atmospheric oxidation by the addition of an antioxidant package containing at least one nitroxide free-radical scavenger and at least one alkylalkanolamine. Compositions treated in this manner show good resistance to atmospheric oxidation and resultant viscosity increase. An advantage of the nitroxide free-radical scavenger is that it stops the oxidation of the unsaturated fatty esters already during the initiation stage. Moreover, it is much less volatile than for example the known alkylhydroxylamine oxygen scavengers. By the use of a nitroxide free-radical scavenger, the composition can thus be stabilized for a longer period of time. The stability period is moreover less affected by the supply of oxygen to the composition. The solubility problem of the nitroxide in the fatty ester component can be solved by dissolving the nitroxide first in the alkylalkanolamine.06-30-2011
20110154723PROCESS FOR REMOVING STERYL GLYCOSIDES FROM BIODIESEL - A method for purifying biodiesel, wherein a crude biodiesel is provided which contains at least one glycoside, and the crude biodiesel is reacted with an adsorbent which contains at least one smectite-silica gel mixed phase. The smectite-silica gel mixed phase has at least the following physical parameters: a specific surface area of more than 120 m2/g; a total pore volume of more than 0.35 ml/g; and a silicon content, calculated as SiO2, of at least 60 wt-%. A purified biodiesel is separated off from the adsorbent.06-30-2011
20110154722DIRECT AQUEOUS PHASE REFORMING OF BIO-BASED FEEDSTOCKS - A method comprises providing a bio-based feedstock; contacting the bio-based feedstock with a solvent in a hydrolysis reaction to form an intermediate stream comprising carbohydrates; contacting the intermediate stream with an apr catalyst to form a plurality of oxygenated intermediates, wherein a first portion of the oxygenated intermediates are recycled to form the solvent; and processing at least a second portion of the oxygenated intermediates to form a fuel blend.06-30-2011
20110154721BIOFUELS VIA HYDROGENOLYSIS-CONDENSATION - A method comprises a providing a carbohydrate; reacting the carbohydrate directly with hydrogen in the presence of a hydrogenolysis catalyst to produce a reaction product comprising a polyol; and then processing at least a portion of the reaction product to form a fuel blend.06-30-2011
20090145021Lignin-Solvent Fuel and Method and Apparatus for Making Same - The present invention is a process and apparatus for forming various bio-products from cellulosic plant material. The plant material is subjected to a pulping step in which lignin is extracted from the material by an aqueous lignin solvent to form a lignin-solvent mixture and purified cellulose. The lignin-solvent mixture can be separated from the water to form a high energy density fuel that can be used independently or combined with biodiesel. The purified cellulose can be used in conventional processes, e.g., paper making, or can be converted to fermentable sugars with a cellulase enzyme to produce other bio-products depending on the operating conditions of the fermenter. The bio-products produced by the fermenter can include the solvent that may be recycled for use in extracting the lignin.06-11-2009
20080313955Catalytic cracking process for production of diesel from seeds of oleaginous plants - The present invention comprises a thermocatalytic cracking process for the production of diesel oil from a charge of vegetable origin made from seeds of oleaginous plants in refineries possessing at least two FCC reactors. At least -one of such reactors processes heavy gas oil or residue under conventional conditions whilst at least one of such reactors processes the charge of vegetable origin made from seeds of oleaginous plants under conditions suitable, for production of diesel oil. Said process employs the same catalyst utilised in the fluid catalytic cracking process which, simultaneously, processes a conventional charge.12-25-2008
20080313954Method for producing biofuel using electron beam - A method for producing biofuel using an electron beam is disclosed. The method for producing biofuel includes: irradiating an electron beam to the vegetable polymer to decompose and sterilize the vegetable polymer, thereby promoting conversion of the vegetable polymer to biomass compared to the traditional methods.12-25-2008
20110154720Methods for Co-Processing of Biomass and Petroleum Feed - A process for producing fuel from biomass is disclosed herein. The process includes torrefying biomass material at a temperature between 80° C. to 400° C. to form particulated biomass having a mean average particle size between 1 μm and 1000 μm. The particulated biomass is mixed with a liquid hydrocarbon to form a suspension, wherein the suspension includes from 1 weight percent to 40 weight percent particulated biomass. The suspension is fed into a unit selected from the group consisting of a pyrolysis reactor, a fluid catalytic cracking unit, a delayed coker, a fluid coker, a hydroprocessing unit, and a hydrocracking unit, and then at least a portion of the particulated biomass of the suspension is converted into fuel.06-30-2011
20120198758Hydrothermal Processing (HTP) of Algae Grown in HTP Waste Streams - A process for the conversion of organic waste to biofuel is provided comprising cultivating organisms in the aqueous product of the HTP conversion process.08-09-2012
20100281759MODULAR BIOMASS TREATMENT UNIT - A modular biomass treatment unit includes a first module having a pretreater and a first frame for transportation to and operation at a site adjacent to a solid biomass growth source. The pretreater is operable to process solid biomass to produce a plurality of solid biomass particles for conversion into a fuel or specialty chemical. The first frame supports the pretreater during transportation to and operation at the site adjacent to the solid biomass growth source. The modular biomass treatment unit can also include additional modules each comprising a reactor, a separator, and a frame for transportation to and operation at a site such as the site adjacent to the solid biomass growth source.11-11-2010
20110113677BIODIESEL AND ESTER PRODUCTION METHOD AND APPARATUS - Methods and apparatus for the production of biodiesel and esters are provided. The methods can include converting a fatty acid rich material to biodiesel using a homogeneous catalyst, and electrodialysis to remove or concentrate the catalyst.05-19-2011
20110131867PRODUCTION OF DIESEL FUEL FROM BIORENEWABLE FEEDSTOCKS WITH HEAT INTEGRATION - A process has been developed for producing diesel boiling range fuel or fuel blending component from renewable feedstocks such as plant oils and greases. The process involves treating a renewable feedstock by hydrogenating and deoxygenating i.e. decarboxylating and/or hydrodeoxygenating to provide a hydrocarbon fraction useful as a diesel fuel. The hydrocarbon fraction is isomerized to improve cold flow properties. At least one interstage stream of the hydrogenating and deoxygenating reaction zone is heat exchanged with the feed to the isomerization reaction zone, and/or the effluent of the hydrogenating and deoxygenating reaction zone is heat exchanged with the feed to the isomerization reaction zone.06-09-2011
20100299990Nanoparticle Catalyst Compounds and/or Volatile Organometallic Compounds and Method of Using the Same for Biomass Gasification - A nanocatalyst, dual catalyst and methods for improving the efficiency and output of a biomass gasification process are provided where the catalysts comprise a volatile organometallic compound(s) and/or a nanoalloy catalyst. By the catalyst and method, a very high biomass gasification conversion efficiency of over 85% can be achieved. The subject nanocatalyst cracks and gasifies lignin, which is generally inert in conventional gasification, at relatively low gasification temperatures. The subject disclosure also provides a means to increase gas yields and lower lignin content in the resulting product relative to conventional gasification. Alternatively, oil production may be increased, if desired. Moreover, the resulting gas may achieve a Fischer-Tropsch reactor favorable H12-02-2010
20120144730PROCESS FOR PRODUCING HIGH QUALITY BIO-OIL IN HIGH YIELD - A process is disclosed for converting a particulate solid biomass material to a high quality bio-oil in high yield. The process comprises a pretreatment step and a pyrolysis step. The pretreatment comprises a step of at least partially demineralizing the solid biomass, and improving the accessibility of the solid biomass by opening the texture of the particles of the solid biomass. In a preferred embodiment the liquid pyrolysis product is separated into the bio-oil and an aqueous phase, and the aqueous phase is used as a solvent in the demineralization step and/or in the step of improving the accessibility of the solid biomass by opening the texture of the particles of the solid biomass.06-14-2012
20090300970PROCESS FOR PRODUCING HYDROCARBON FRACTIONS FROM MIXTURES OF A BIOLOGICAL ORIGIN - A process is described for producing hydrocarbon fractions which can be used as diesel fuel or as components of diesel fuel, starting from a mixture of a biological origin containing esters of fatty acids possibly with amounts of free fatty acids, which comprises the following steps: 1) hydrodeoxygenation of the mixture of a biological origin; 2) hydroisomerization of the mixture resulting from step (1), after possible purification treatment, said hydroisomerization being effected in the presence of a catalytic system which comprises: a) a carrier of acid nature comprising a completely amorphous micro-mesoporous silico-alumina having a SiO12-10-2009
20110258913PRETREATMENT OF BIOMASS WITH CARBONACEOUS MATERIAL - A composition of matter is disclosed comprising an intimate mixture of a particulate solid biomass material and a carbonaceous material. The composition is suitable for conversion to a bio-oil in a pyrolysis reaction. The carbonaceous material acts as a reducing agent during the pyrolysis reaction. The composition of matter produces bio-oil in a greater yield than prior art processes. The bio-oil is of improved quality, as evidenced by its low TAN value.10-27-2011
20110258912COUNTER-CURRENT PROCESS FOR BIOMASS CONVERSION - A countercurrent process is disclosed for converting solid biomass material. The solid biomass material travels through a reactor system in countercurrent with hot heat carrier materials, such as particulate heat carrier material and hot gases. The solid biomass material is subjected to a first conversion at a first temperature T 1, and a second conversion at a second temperature, T 2, such that T 2>T 1. Bio-oil produced to at T 1 is not exposed to the higher temperature T 2. As a result, secondary reactions of the bio-oil components are minimized.10-27-2011
20110258910FUEL COMPOSITIONS - The present invention provides hybrid diesel fuels and methods for manufacturing hybrid diesel fuels. In embodiments, fuel compositions comprise at least one petrochemical fuel, at least one biosynthetic oil and at least one stabilizer mixture. The percentage by volume of the petrochemical fuel can be greater than 0% and less than 100%, and the percentage by volume of the stabilizer mixture can be between about 0.001% and about 0.5%.10-27-2011
20120167452ABSORPTION AND QUENCH METHOD FOR BIOMASS PYROLYSIS PRODUCT - A biomass pyrolysis product is quenched by direct cooling with a cold quench fluid and initial product separation is performed based on boiling point and solubility in the quench fluid. A properly chosen quench fluid may act as a selective solvent, thus providing dilution of unstable precursors of pyrolytic lignin or other heavy by-products, and/or separation of certain undesirable pyrolysis oil components such as water and light acids.07-05-2012
20110119990GROUP 13-15 INTERSTITIAL METAL HYDRIDE CATALYSTS AND ASSOCIATED PROCESSES - The present invention relates to the processing of hydrocarbon-containing feedstreams in the presence of an interstitial metal hydride comprised of at least one chemical element selected from Groups 3-11 (including the lanthanides, atomic numbers 58 to 71), and at least one chemical element selected from Groups 13-15 from the IUPAC Periodic Table of Elements. These interstitial metal hydrides, their catalysts and processes using these interstitial metal hydrides and catalysts of the present invention improve overall hydrogenation, product conversion, as well as sulfur reduction in hydrocarbon feedstreams.05-26-2011
20100192453Production of biodiesel - A continuous flow, RD reactor system, that comprises, in combination a reaction column, first means feeding vegetable oil, liquid methanol and catalyst to the upper interior of the column, a condenser reclining methanol vapor for the upper interior of the column, and for producing condensed methanol recycled to the column upper interior, and for delivering a stream of refluxed methanol liquid to the upper interior of the column, and several means for receiving product biodiesel and liquid methanol for the lower interior of the column, and for separating Biodiesel in a primary product stream and returning methanol vapor to the column.08-05-2010
20090293344Process for Removing Water and Water Soluble Contaminants From Biofuels - Water may be removed from a biofuel or biofuel intermediate by using a demulsifier. The demulsifier includes the product of oxyalkylating a resin prepared from a formulation including a phenol and a compound selected from the group consisting of an aldehyde, a diamine a polyamine and mixtures thereof. The demulsifier may also be used with admixtures of biofuels, biofuel intermediates, or biofuel feedstocks with conventional hydrocarbons.12-03-2009
20110107655Pulsed electric field (PEF) method for continuous enhanced extraction of oil and lipids from small aquatic plants - A pulsed electric field method for the continuous extraction of oil and lipids from small aquatic plants, the method including providing a continuous flow of a slurry of small aquatic plants. A continuous flow of small aquatic plants is directed to a treatment zone. Pulsed electric fields are applied to the treatment zone to lyse cell walls of the small aquatic plants to enhance extraction of oil and lipids therefrom.05-12-2011
20100050501INTERGENERIC HYBRID PLANTS AND METHODS FOR PRODUCTION THEREOF - Methods for the production of an intergeneric hybrid plants and plants produced thereby. In certain aspects, intergeneric hybrid plants are produced by crossing a 03-04-2010
20110302824PROCESS FOR LIQUEFYING A CELLULOSIC MATERIAL - A process for liquefying a cellulosic material is provided comprising hydrolysing the cellulosic material in the presence of an acid catalyst in a solvent mixture to produce a liquefied product, wherein the solvent mixture contains water and in the range of 5 to 95 wt % of a co-solvent and wherein the co-solvent is present in an amount of less than or equal to 90% by weight based on the weight of water and co-solvent, which co-solvent comprises one or more polar solvents, and wherein the solvent mixture is at least partly recycled.12-15-2011
20090100748Petroleum substitutes from the essential oils of eupatorium species - The essential oils of 04-23-2009
20120144732Biodiesel and Preparation Method Thereof - A method for preparing biodiesel includes the steps of: by using larvae or pupae of complete metamorphosis insect as raw materials, extracting insect oil by solvent process, conducting transesterification or pre-esterification-transesterification respectively of the low-acid-value (acid value≦2) insect oil or the high-acid-value (acid value>2) insect oil to get crude biodiesel after stratification; and purifying and processing the crude biodiesel by using adsorption clarification technic, molecular distillation techinic, and freezing (low temperature) separation technic to get refined biodiesel. The advantages of the method include wide variety of raw materials, easy to breeding, and low cost of production. The present invention provides a new technical way of producing biodiesel, and on the other hand, it also provides a new way of exploiting insects.06-14-2012
20120144731USE OF MIXTURES OF MONOCARBOXYLIC ACIDS AND POLYCYCLIC HYDROCARBON COMPOUNDS FOR INCREASING THE CETANE NUMBER OF FUEL OILS - The use of mixtures of (A) aliphatic saturated or unsaturated monocarboxylic acids having 12 to 24 carbon atoms or the dimerization or trimerization products thereof, which may be present in the form of free carboxylic acids and/or in the form of ammonium salts, amides, esters and/or nitriles, and (B) polycyclic hydrocarbon compounds which are obtainable from distillation residues of natural oils, which have been extracted from tree resins, for increasing the cetane number of fuel oils which comprise at least one additive with detergent action and at least one cetane number improver, the mixtures of components (A) and (B) being used in a concentration of 10 to 500 ppm by weight, based on the total amount of the fuel oil.06-14-2012
20110113676PRODUCTION OF DISTILLATE FUELS FROM AN INTEGRATED MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE/TRIGLYCERIDE CONVERSION PROCESS - A municipal solid waste material is converted to a refuse derived fuel then to syngas which is processed to produce a liquid feedstream via Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis. The Fischer-Tropsch liquid feedstream is combined with a triglyceride feedstream then hydroprocessed to produce a distillate fuel end product.05-19-2011
20120036765DEVICE AND METHOD FOR PRETREATMENT OF BIOMASS - Methods and devices for treatment of biomass comprised of crystalline structures are described that provide a combined mechanical, chemical and thermal effect (i.e., nano-hybrid pretreatment) to synergistically break down the crystalline structures. Such nano-hybrid mixing provides efficient, and cost-effective breakdown which enhances enzymatic accessibility to lignocellulosic materials. Methods and devices shown can be used to produce products such as pulp, chemicals, or biofuels.02-16-2012
20120036764CARBON MATERIAL CONVERSION PROCESS COMPRISING TWO LIQUEFACTION STAGES IN A BOILING BED IN THE PRESENCE OF HYDROGEN GENERATED BY NON-FOSSIL SOURCES - A process for converting carbon material into fuel bases comprising two liquefaction stages in the presence of hydrogen in a boiling-bed reactor containing a supported catalyst and integrating a hydrogen production stage generated by non-fossil sources that do not emit CO02-16-2012
20120304529Temperature-Optimized Conversion of Lignocellulosic Biomass - A process is disclosed for converting lignocellulosic material to liquid fuels. In the process the cellulose is dissolved in an Ionic Liquid. The conversion process may comprise pyrolysis, thermal cracking, hydrocracking, catalytic cracking, hydrotreatment, or a combination thereof. Undissolved lignin is removed from the Ionic Liquid medium, and is converted in a separate conversion process. The Ionic Liquid preferably is an inorganic molten salt hydrate.12-06-2012
20120304530Bio-Oil Upgrading Process - A method for upgrading pyrolysis oil into a hydrocarbon fuel involves obtaining a quantity of pyrolysis oil, separating the pyrolysis oil into an organic phase and an aqueous phase, and then upgrading the organic phase into a hydrocarbon fuel by reacting the organic phase with hydrogen gas using a catalyst. The catalyst used in the reaction includes a support material, an active metal and a zirconia promoter material. The support material may be alumina, silica gel, carbon, silicalite or a zeolite material. The active metal may be copper, iron, nickel or cobalt. The zirconia promoter material may be zirconia itself, zirconia doped with Y, zirconia doped with Sc and zirconia doped with Yb.12-06-2012
20120055077METHOD OF PRODUCING AN UPGRADED BIO-OIL - A method of producing an upgraded bio-oil from a wet biomass that includes heating the wet biomass at a first temperature and a first pressure for a time period ranging from 10 to 200 minutes to form a crude bio-oil. The first temperature ranges from 200 to 400° C. and the first pressure ranges from 0.1 to 25 MPa, with the proviso that at least a portion of the water present in the wet biomass remains in a liquid phase throughout the step of heating to form the crude bio-oil, and the first temperature and pressure are below super-critical conditions for water. The method also includes heating the crude bio-oil and the water at a second temperature and a second pressure to form the upgraded bio-oil. Some water remains in the liquid phase or in a super-critical fluid phase throughout the step of heating to form the upgraded bio-oil.03-08-2012
20120204479RENEWABLE HEATING OIL - More stable and valuable bio-oil produced from biomasses are provided. More specifically, more stable and valuable bio-oil useful as heating oil is provided. Particularly, various embodiments of the present invention provide for a bio-oil having sufficient heating value and stability to be useful as heating oil without the need to hydrotreat the bio-oil or use a similar deoxygenating process.08-16-2012
20100024283PROCESS FOR PRODUCTION OF BIO-OIL BY COPROCESSING OF BIOMASS IN A DELAYED COKING UNIT - A process is described for production of Bio-Oil by delayed coking with modified feedstock, in which the feed of the conventional coke unit envisages, in addition to the usual fresh feed of hydrocarbon (vacuum residue, atmospheric residue etc.), the feeding of a biomass for coprocessing. Said biomass can be selected from the group comprising sugar cane straw, sugar cane bagasse, castor seed cake, coconut shells, rice husks, raw soya, castor seed, canola, oil palm, and cottonseed oils, and oils and fats of animal origin, which can be used separately, or as mixtures thereof in any proportions.02-04-2010
20120005949SOLVENT-ENHANCED BIOMASS LIQUEFACTION - The present invention provides an improved method for solvent liquefaction of biomass to produce liquid products such as transportation fuel. The method uses a novel solvent combination that promotes liquefaction relatively quickly, and it reduces the need to transport large amounts of hydrogen or hydrogen-carrying solvents. It operates at lower pressure than previous methods, does not require a catalyst or hydrogen gas or CO input, and provides very high conversion of biomass into a bio-oil that can be further processed in a petroleum refinery. It also beneficially provides a way to recycle a portion of the crude liquefaction product for use as part of the solvent combination for the biomass liquefaction reaction.01-12-2012
20120204480NANO-SIZED ZINC OXIDE PARTICLES FOR FUEL - A fuel composition contains a liquid fuel and a specific amount of nano-sized zinc oxide particles and a surfactant that does not contain sulfur atoms. The nano-sized zinc oxide particles can be used to either improve combustion or increase catalytic chemical oxidation of fuel.08-16-2012
20120151827BIOMASS CONVERSION SYSTEMS HAVING INTEGRATED HEAT MANAGEMENT AND METHODS FOR USE THEREOF - Biomass conversion systems may incorporate integrated heat management to operate more efficiently during biomass conversion. Biomass conversion systems may comprise a first fluid circulation loop comprising a hydrothermal digestion unit, and a first catalytic reduction reactor unit in fluid communication with an inlet and an outlet of the hydrothermal digestion unit; and a second fluid circulation loop comprising a reaction product take-off line in fluid communication with the first fluid circulation loop, a second catalytic reduction reactor unit in fluid communication with the reaction product take-off line, and a recycle line establishing fluid communication between the first fluid circulation loop and an outlet of the second catalytic reduction reactor unit, where the first catalytic reduction reactor unit contains at least one first catalyst and the second catalytic reduction reactor unit contains at least one second catalyst, each being capable of activating molecular hydrogen.06-21-2012
20120151826PROCESS TO PRODUCE BIOFUELS FROM BIOMASS - Processes to produce biofuels from biomass is provided where the biomass is contacted with an aqueous media to form a extracted biomass and at least a portion of an aqueous liquor separated from the extracted biomass containing soluble carbohydrate is treated with a purification substrate to form a treated carbohydrate stream having less than 35% of the sulfur content and less than 35% of the nitrogen content, based on the untreated aqueous liquor stream prior to contact with a hydrogenolysis catalyst to form a plurality of oxygenated intermediates that can be further processed to form a liquid fuel. An extracted biomass solids stream is also separated from the extracted biomass which is contacted with a first digestive solvent to form a pretreated biomass and then a second digestive solvent to form a solubilized pulp comprising soluble carbohydrates.06-21-2012
20120151825PROCESS FOR PRODUCING A BIOFUEL WHILE MINIMIZING FOSSIL FUEL DERIVED CARBON DIOXIDE EMISSIONS - One exemplary embodiment can be a process for producing a biofuel while minimizing fossil fuel derived carbon dioxide emissions. The process can include providing a renewable feed to an ester degradation zone to produce a first stream including one or more alcohols and a second stream including one or more acids, providing the first stream to a treatment zone for removing one or more salts and to obtain a treated stream, providing the treated stream to a reforming zone to obtain an effluent including hydrogen, and providing the second stream and at least a portion of the effluent to a refining zone for producing the biofuel.06-21-2012
20120151824FUEL COMPOSITIONS AND METHODS BASED ON BIOMASS PYROLYSIS - Fuel compositions exhibiting reduced greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, based on a lifecycle assessment from the time of cultivation of feedstocks (in the case of plant materials) or extraction of feedstocks (in the case of fossil fuels) required for the compositions (up to and including the ultimate combustion of the fuel composition by the end user) are disclosed. The reduced level of emissions (“carbon footprint”) is achieved by incorporating a pyrolysis derived component having a higher heating value than ethanol and meeting other applicable standards for fossil fuel (e.g., petroleum) derived components conventionally used for the same purpose, such as transportation fuels. Advantageously, fuel compositions comprising pyrolysis derived gasoline can exhibit lower GHG emissions than gasoline derived solely from petroleum, or even conventional blends of petroleum derived gasoline and ethanol.06-21-2012
20090293345Blends of Synthetic Distillate and Biodiesel for Low Nitrogen Oxide Emissions from Diesel Engines - This invention shows how to make and use a biodiesel-based fuel in diesel engines without incurring the NO12-03-2009
20120060409BIO-DIESEL MANUFACTURE WITH A MICRO-REACTOR - Methods and apparatus for producing bio-diesel from triglycerides and lower alcohols, desirably in the presence of liquid or supercritical CO03-15-2012
20110047862PROCESS FOR HYDROTREATING A DIESEL FUEL FEEDSTOCK, HYDROTREATING UNIT FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE SAID PROCESS, AND CORRESPONDING HYDROREFINING UNIT - The invention relates to a process for the catalytic hydrotreating of a feedstock of petroleum origin of diesel fuel type and of a feedstock of biological origin based on vegetable oils and/or animal fats in a stationary bed catalytic hydrotreating unit, the said process being characterized in that the feedstock of petroleum origin is introduced into the said reactor upstream of the feedstock of biological origin.03-03-2011
20110094148METHOD OF HYDROTREATING FEEDS FROM RENEWABLE SOURCES WITH INDIRECT HEATING - The invention describes a method of treating feeds from renewable sources comprising: 04-28-2011
20090139134BIOFUEL PRODUCTION - Methods, enzymes, recombinant microorganism, and microbial systems are provided for converting polysaccharides, such as those derived from biomass, into suitable monosaccharides or oligosaccharides, as well as for converting suitable monosaccharides or oligosaccharides into commodity chemicals, such as biofuels. Commodity chemicals produced by the methods described herein are also provided. Commodity chemical enriched, refinery-produced petroleum products are also provided, as well as methods for producing the same.06-04-2009
20090031616THERMOCHEMICAL METHOD FOR CONVERSION OF POULTRY LITTER - Methods for converting waste litter into a product slate by pyrolysis are described. Waste litter is entrained in a non-reactive gas and delivered to a fluid reactor bed maintained at a temperature sufficient to cause pyrolysis of the poultry litter. The reactor bed consists of a fluidizing medium, such as sand, which is fluidized by the non-reactive gas. Upon pyrolysis of the poultry litter, products such producer gas, biooil, and char are formed.02-05-2009
20090133320METHOD FOR OIL AND BYPRODUCT EXTRACTION AND DISTRIBUTION - In a preferred embodiment the present invention is a method for oil and byproduct extraction and distribution, and more specifically oil extraction from seed to produce biological fuel for distribution and seed oil extract byproduct processed into food, for distribution using said biological fuel.05-28-2009
20110179696SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR PROCESSING GLYCEROL - Systems and methods for processing glycerol into one or more products are provided. In at least one specific embodiment, the method can include decreasing a pH of a mixture comprising glycerol and fatty acids to produce an emulsion comprising a glycerol-rich portion and a fatty acids-rich portion. At least a portion of the glycerol-rich portion can be reacted with an acid comprising phosphorus at conditions sufficient to produce a reacted product comprising glycerophosphoric acid, glycerol, and a portion of the acid.07-28-2011
20120117860Two-Stage Reactor and Process for Conversion of Solid Biomass Material - A two-stage reactor is disclosed for the conversion of solid particulate biomass material. The reactor is designed to maximize conversion of the solid biomass material, while limiting excess cracking of primary reaction products. The two-stage reactor comprises a first stage reactor, in which solid biomass material is thermally pyrolyzed to primary reaction products. The primary reaction products are catalytically converted in a second stage reactor.05-17-2012
20120124896Diesel Composition and Method of Increasing Biodiesel Oxidation Stability - The present invention discloses a diesel composition, which comprises a base diesel and an additive composition, characterized in that said base diesel comprises biodiesel, and said additive composition comprises component (a) and component (b), wherein said component (a) is an arylamine-type antioxidant, and said component (b) is one or more polyamines or derivatives thereof. The diesel composition of the present invention has a superior oxidation stability.05-24-2012
20120124895BIOFUEL CONSISTING OF A MIXTURE OF NATURALLY OCCURRING FATTY ACID ESTERS AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING SAID BIOFUEL - The invention relates to a diesel biofuel consisting of a mixture of naturally occurring fatty acid esters and containing an ester of ω-unsaturated acids having a chain with 11 or 13 carbon atoms or corresponding saturated acids. The invention also relates to a method for producing such a biofuel.05-24-2012
20120159838Process for Producing Enzymes - The present invention relates to a process for producing enzymes and single cell oil. The process comprises that microorganisms capable of producing both single cell oil and enzymes are cultivated under conditions suitable for single cell oil production and enzyme production in a single cell oil production process. A microorganism culture comprising single cell oil and enzymes is obtained and at least part of the microorganism culture, of the supernatant and/or microorganism cells separated from the microorganism culture, of protein fraction enriched from the supernatant, and/or of protein fraction obtained from the cells is used as an enzyme preparation or as a source of enzymes. Single cell oil is recovered from the microorganism cells and used as biofuel, component of biofuel or as a starting material for biofuel production. Enzymes produced according to the process are used in the same or in another industrial process.06-28-2012
20120159840Integrated Process System - The present invention relates to an integrated process, which comprises a single cell oil production process, and a pulp and/or paper industry process. The process comprises that in the single cell oil production process is used a microorganism capable of producing lipids or lipids and enzymes when cultivated on a medium comprising organic material from pulp and/or paper industry. Lipids or lipids and enzymes are produced by said microorganisms in the single cell oil production process and/or in a process connected into it. The present invention relates also to use of lipids produced in the process as biofuel or as a component of biofuel or as a starting material for biofuel production and use of enzymes produced in the lipid production process in pulp and/or paper industry or in other applications as an enzyme preparation or as a source of enzymes.06-28-2012
20120159839Integrated Process for Producing Biofuels - Disclosed is an integrated process comprising first and second biotechnical processes. The first process produces biofuel and/or starting material for biofuel and uses a microorganism capable of producing enzymes. The second process produces biofuel and/or starting material for biofuel. In the integrated process, the microorganisms are cultivated and biofuel and/or starting material for biofuel and enzymes are produced. The microorganism culture, supernatant or a protein enriched fraction or a dilution of the supernatant comprising catalytically active enzyme(s) are introduced into the first and/or into the second process, or feedstock for the process(es) is treated. The invention relates also to use of the produced enzymes in biofuel production process or in other applications as an enzyme preparation or a source of enzymes. The invention relates also to use of the produced lipids and alcohols as biofuel, a component of biofuel or a starting material for biofuel production.06-28-2012
20120210632Method and Apparatus for High Temperature Brine Phase Reactions - The present invention features the use of salt-water mixtures to form brine reaction phases at supercritical temperatures, i.e., greater than 374° C., and at pressures of less than 500 bar. The conditions utilized allow high reaction rates to be attained in a dense medium at moderate pressures and temperatures.08-23-2012
20100175308Co-processing of diesel biofeed and kerosene range hydrocarbons - Processes are provided for producing a diesel fuel product having a sulfur content of 10 ppm by weight or less from feed sources that include up to 50% by weight of a biocomponent feedstock. The biocomponent feedstock is co-processed with a heavy oil feed in a severe hydrotreating stage. The product from the severe hydrotreatment stage is fractionated to separate out a diesel boiling range fraction, which is then separately hydrotreated.07-15-2010
20120311922CORROSION AND MICROBIAL CONTROL IN HYDROCARBONACEOUS COMPOSITIONS - Provided are additives of formula I for use in hydrocarbonaceous compositions, such as petroleum or liquid fuels:12-13-2012
20120216448PRODUCTION OF RENEWABLE BIOFUELS - Renewable fuels are produced in commercial quantities and with enhanced efficiency by integrating a bio-oil production system with a conventional petroleum refinery so that the bio-oil is co-processed with a petroleum-derived stream in the refinery. The techniques used to integrate the bio-oil production system and conventional petroleum refineries are selected based on the quality of the bio-oil and the desired product slate from the refinery.08-30-2012
20120167453THERMOCHEMICAL CONVERSION OF BIOMASS - The invention relates to a method for producing crude oil from biomass by direct liquefaction under atmospheric pressure, involving the following steps: introducing dried biomass into a reactor containing heavy oil to form a sump oil phase consisting of biomass and heavy oil; maintaining the temperature of the sump oil phase at a predetermined reaction temperature; condensing and collecting the volatile reaction products; and isolating and collecting the crude oil. Said method is characterized in that the heavy oil phase has at least 5 wt. % organically bound oxygen.07-05-2012
20120167451PYROLYSIS OIL BASED FUEL AND METHOD OF PRODUCTION - Fuel composition and methods of making fuel compositions including 50-90 wt % pyrolysis oil, 0.1-40 wt % water, 1-30 wt % alcohol, and 0.1-4 wt % surfactant, wherein the composition is an emulsion. The pyrolysis oil may be a crude pyrolysis oil and may be produced by pyrolysis of biomass material. The pyrolysis oil and surfactant may form the continuous phase and the water and alcohol may form the dispersed phase of the emulsion. Alternatively, the water and alcohol may form the continuous phase and the pyrolysis oil and surfactant may form the dispersed phase of the emulsion.07-05-2012
20120210633SORBENT CONTAINING ENGINEERED FUEL FEED STOCK - Disclosed are novel engineered fuel feed stocks, feed stocks produced by the described processes, methods of making the fuel feed stocks, methods of producing energy from the fuel feed stocks. Components derived from processed MSW waste streams can be used to make such feed stocks which are substantially free of glass, metals, grit and noncombustibles and contain a sorbent. These feed stocks are useful for a variety of purposes including as gasification and combustion fuels. In addition, one or more sorbents can be added to the feed stocks in order to reduce the amount of a variety of pollutants present in traditional fuel and feed stocks, including, but not limited, sulfur and chlorine. Further, these feed stocks with added sorbent can mitigate corrosion, improve fuel conversion, extend power generating plant lifetime, reduce ash slagging, and reduced operating temperature.08-23-2012
20120073185METHOD OF CARRYING OUT PYROLYSIS AND PYROLYSIS APPARATUS - The invention relates to a method of carrying out pyrolysis process in a pyrolysis reactor (03-29-2012
20120073184PROCESS FOR THE RECOVERY OF OLEAGINOUS COMPOUNDS AND NUTRIENTS FROM BIOMASS - Disclosed herein are methods and processes for the recovery of nutrients from non-organic phases produced during recovery of oleaginous compounds from biomass. The nutrients recovered can then be utilized to grow additional biomass.03-29-2012
20120186142Method for Making Renewable Fuels - Multiple catalytic processing stations enable a method for producing volatile gas streams from biomass decomposition at discrete increasing temperatures. These catalytic processing stations can be programmed to maximize conversion of biomass to useful renewable fuel components based on input feedstock and desired outputs.07-26-2012
20120255222COLD FLOW ADDITIVES - This invention relates to a fuel composition, comprising: (A) a normally liquid fuel; and (B) a cold flow improving amount of (i) a metathesized natural oil; (ii) a metathesized natural oil derivative; or (iii) a mixture of (i) and (ii). The invention also relates to metathesized derivatives formed by the reaction of a metathesized natural oil with a nucleophile, oxidizer, aromatic compound, enophilic acid reagent, or a mixture of two or more thereof.10-11-2012
20110119994PROCESS FOR CATALYTIC HYDROTREATMENT OF A PYROLYSIS OIL - A process for catalytic hydrotreatment of a pyrolysis oil derived from lignocelluloses is provided.05-26-2011
20110119993HIGH SEVERITY HYDROPROCESSING INTERSTITIAL METAL HYDRIDE CATALYSTS AND ASSOCIATED PROCESSES - The present invention relates to the processing of hydrocarbon-containing feedstreams in the presence of an interstitial metal hydride containing catalyst and hydrogen at process conditions of at least 400 psig pressure and temperatures of at least 200° C. These processes use interstitial metal hydrides that possess significant hydrogen capacities and high hydrogen kinetics rate properties. The catalysts and processes of the present invention may be used with or without radio frequency or microwave energy and are preferably run under conditions of high hydrogen partial pressure above about 350 psia. The catalysts and processes of the present invention can improve overall hydrogenation, product conversion, as well as sulfur reduction in hydrocarbon feedstreams as compared to processes of the prior art operated under similar conditions.05-26-2011
20110119992OXIDATION RESISTANT INTERSTITIAL METAL HYDRIDE CATALYSTS AND ASSOCIATED PROCESSES - The present invention relates to novel interstitial metal hydrides and catalyst containing interstitial metal hydrides that are resistant to oxidation and resultant loss of catalytic activity. The processes of the present invention include use of these improved, oxidation resistant interstitial metal hydride compositions for improved overall hydrogenation, product conversion, as well as sulfur reduction in hydrocarbon feedstreams.05-26-2011
20110119991INTERSTITIAL METAL HYDRIDE CATALYST ACTIVITY REGENERATION AND HYDROPROCESSING PROCESSES - The present invention relates to new processes for regenerating oxidized interstitial metal hydride containing catalysts prior to the use of such catalysts in a hydroprocessing process. Interstitial metal hydride containing catalysts are easily oxidized in the environment and once oxidized, the hydroprocessing activity of the interstitial metal hydrides is most often severely diminished and this lost activity due to oxidization of the iMeH is not susceptible to recovery under hydroprocessing conditions. As a result, these catalysts in the present art require considerable special handling in inert environments all through processes from fabrication, shipping, loading, use, and maintenance of the catalyst systems to protect the activity of the interstitial metal hydride components. The present invention embodies a process regenerating oxidized interstitial metal hydride containing catalysts prior to their use in a hydroprocessing environment, thereby eliminating the requirement for maintaining the interstitial metal hydride containing catalysts in an inert environment, and allowing the handling of such catalysts in an oxidized condition prior to use.05-26-2011
20110119989ANTIOXIDANT BLENDS SUITABLE FOR USE IN BIODIESELS - This invention provides stabilized biodiesels comprising (1) biodiesel, such as fatty acid methyl ester (FAME), (2) mono- or bis-hindered phenolic derived from 2,6-di-tert-butylphenol, and (3) N,N′-di-substituted para-phenylene diamine. Also methods of stabilizing biodiesel are provided involving adding (2) and (3) to (1).05-26-2011
20130014431ADVANCED, BIOMASS-DERIVED, LOW-SULFUR BUNKER FUELS - A fuel composition and the process of making the fuel composition are described. More specifically, a novel biomass derived low sulfur bunker fuels composition and the method of making thereof. Embodiment of the invention discloses a novel low sulfur bunker fuels composition derived from blending various bio-oil with other heavy residual fuel oils and distillates where final sulfur content and carbon intensity is controlled by the ratio of bio-oil to other heavy residual fuel oils and distillates. Embodiment of the invention also discloses a process of making a novel biomass derived low sulfur bunker fuels by blending various bio-oil with other heavy residual fuel oils and distillates.01-17-2013
20120260564Production of Renewable Bio-Distillate - A process and system for separating a light fraction, a bio-distillate fraction, and a heavy fraction from a bio-oil, and for producing a renewable distillate including at least in part the bio-distillate fraction and a stabilizing additive, is provided. The process comprises separating bio-oil into light, bio-distillate, and heavy fractions based on their boiling points. At least a portion of the bio-distillate fraction and a stabilizing additive are blended with a petroleum-derived-diesel-range stream, without any prior hydrotreatment, to thereby provide a renewable distillate composition.10-18-2012
20120266526Production Of Renewable Bio-Distillate - A process and system for separating a light fraction, a bio-distillate fraction, and a heavy fraction from a bio-oil, and for producing a renewable distillate including at least in part the bio-distillate fraction and a stabilizing additive, is provided. The process comprises separating bio-oil into light, bio-distillate, and heavy fractions based on their boiling points. At least a portion of the bio-distillate fraction and a stabilizing additive are blended with a petroleum-derived-diesel-range stream, without any prior hydrotreatment, to thereby provide a renewable distillate composition.10-25-2012
20110209386METHOD FOR MAKING RENEWABLE FUELS - Multiple catalytic processing stations enable a method for producing volatile gas streams from biomass decomposition at discrete increasing temperatures. These catalytic processing stations can be programmed to maximize conversion of biomass to useful renewable fuel components based on input feedstock and desired outputs.09-01-2011
20110219669Hydroprocessing of diesel range biomolecules - Non-hydrotreated biocomponent feeds can be mixed with mineral feeds and processed under catalytic isomerization/dewaxing conditions. The catalytic isomerization/dewaxing conditions can be selected to advantageously also substantially deoxygenate the mixed feed. Diesel fuel products with improved cold flow properties can be produced.09-15-2011
20120297667NUCLEAR POWERED FACILITY THAT GENERATES CONSUMABLE FUELS - The present invention includes a system and method of producing consumable fuels generally including a thermal input device, a gasifier, a heat pump, and a product gas heat recovery device. Optionally, the system and method of the present invention includes a nuclear steam supply device as a thermal input. Optionally, the nuclear steam supply device includes a sodium fast reactor having a core outlet temperature of less than about 650° C.11-29-2012
20120297666Synthetic Fuels With Enhanced Mechanical Energy Output - Fuel blends and processes for producing a fuel unit blend to replace gasoline or supplement the apparent energy density of diesel or other fuel. The fuel unit blend comprises a base combustive fuel component that produces excess heat, which heat activates and sustains reactions of secondary detonative fuel components. The fuel mixture including a detonative fuel component blended with a stabilizing fuel component is dynamically stable, allowing the detonative fuel component to survive the combustion of the base combustive fuel component. The fuel blend produces first deflagrative combustion and then detonative or explosive waves in an internal combustion engine so as to produce maximum effective torque on the engines piston. A secondary effect is provided when the exhaust gas is cooled, increasing the Carnot thermal efficiency of the engine. The fuel blends may be diluted with a base combustive fuel to form a synthetic fuel for use within an internal combustion engine. The synthetic fuels also have application in mining, demolition, and military applications as explosive trains including a primary fuel explosive and a secondary explosive comprising the core polar material. Detonation or explosion of the secondary accelerates the combustion products of the primary fuel.11-29-2012
20120272565Biomass Pretreatment for Fast Pyrolysis to Liquids - Aspects of the present invention relate to methods, systems, and compositions for preparing a solid biomass for fast pyrolysis. The method includes contacting the solid biomass with an inorganic material present in an effective amount for increasing fast pyrolysis yield of an organic liquid product (e.g., bio-oil). In various embodiments, the inorganic material is selected from the group consisting of aluminum sulfate, aluminum nitrate, aluminum chloride, aluminum hydroxide, ammonium hydroxide, magnesium hydroxide, potassium hydroxide, and combinations thereof.11-01-2012
20110225876PRESSURE AND TEMPERATURE CONTROL SYSTEM FOR AT LEAST ONE CHEMICAL REACTOR - This invention relates to a new system for controlling temperature and pressure in, at least, one chemical reactor, characterized in that it includes, at least, the following devices: a) a deposit with at least one pressure regulation device; b) a connecting duct between said deposit and the reactor; c) a device for injecting condensates into the reactor. Moreover, the invention relates to the use of said control system to control the pressure and temperature of at least one chemical reactor, being especially applicable to a chemical reactor in which a hydrothermal biomass carbonization reaction takes place.09-22-2011
20120317872PROCESS TO PRODUCE BIOFUELS FROM BIOMASS - Biofuels can be produced by: (i) providing a biomass containing celluloses, hemicelluloses, lignin, nitrogen compounds and sulfur compounds; (ii) contacting the biomass with a digestive solvent to form a pretreated biomass containing carbohydrates; (iii) contacting the pretreated biomass with hydrogen in the presence of a supported hydrogenolysis catalyst containing (a) sulfur, (b) Mo or W, and (c) Co and/or Ni incorporated into a suitable support to form a plurality of oxygenated intermediates, and (vi) processing at least a portion of the oxygenated intermediates to form a liquid fuel.12-20-2012
20120317873HYDROTHERMAL HYDROCATALYTIC TREATMENT OF BIOMASS - A method of hydrothermal hydrocatalytic treating biomass is provided. Lignocellulosic biomass is treated with a digestive solvent to form a pretreated biomass containing soluble carbohydrates. The pretreated biomass is contacted, with hydrogen at a temperature in the range of 150° C. to less than 300° C. in the presence of a pH buffering agent and a supported hydrogenolysis catalyst containing (a) sulfur, (b) Mo or W, and (c) Co, Ni or mixture thereof, incorporated into a suitable support, to form a plurality of oxygenated hydrocarbons.12-20-2012
20120324783JATROPHA HYBRIDS THROUGH FEMALE ONLY TRAIT - plants can be produced that are characterized by an inflorescence with female-only (FO) flowers. Such plants are especially useful for interplanting in order to obtain commercial scale production of new 12-27-2012
20120137571BIO-OIL HAVING REDUCED MINERAL CONTENT, AND PROCESS FOR MAKING - A process is disclosed for converting a biomass material to a stabilized bio-oil. The process comprises converting the biomass to a pyrolytic oil having suspended therein particles of metal compounds, and removing at least part of the suspended metal compounds to obtain a stabilized bio-oil.06-07-2012
20130000182STABLE SUSPENSIONS OF BIOMASS COMPRISING INORGANIC PARTICULATES - Liquid suspensions are disclosed comprising a suspending medium, small particles of biomass, and small particles of an inorganic material. The inorganic material stabilizes the suspension, so that it may be transported by pipeline or tank car without developing a sediment.01-03-2013
20130000183CATALYST FOR THERMOCATALYTIC CONVERSION OF BIOMASS TO LIQUID FUELS AND CHEMICALS - Catalyst compositions comprising a phosphorous-promoted ZSM-5 component and a silica-containing binder, and methods for making and using same, are disclosed. More specifically, processes for making a catalyst for biomass conversion are provided. The process includes: treating a ZSM-5 zeolite with a phosphorous-containing compound to form a phosphorous-promoted ZSM-5 component; preparing a slurry comprising the phosphorous-promoted ZSM-5 component and a silica-containing binder; and shaping the slurry into shaped bodies. Such catalysts can be used for the thermocatalytic conversion of particulate biomass to liquid products such as bio-oil, resulting in higher bio-oil yields and lower coke than conventional catalysts.01-03-2013
20100146841FUEL BASED ON A PLANT OIL - The subject of the invention is a fuel based on a plant oil, comprising at least one plant oil purified by a process comprising at least one step of adsorbing peroxidized molecules, phospholipids and water molecules (onto a solid aluminosilicate). The invention also relates to the use of this agri-fuel in combustion installations without modifying the burners.06-17-2010
20130014432METHOD FOR THE PREPARATION OF A COMPRESSION IGNITION ENGINE FUELAANM Duwig; ChristopheAACI MalmoAACO SEAAGP Duwig; Christophe Malmo SEAANM Janssens; Ton V.W.AACI BagsvaerdAACO DKAAGP Janssens; Ton V.W. Bagsvaerd DKAANM Gabrielsson; Par L.AACI HelsingborgAACO SEAAGP Gabrielsson; Par L. Helsingborg SE - Method for the preparation of a compression ignition engine fuel, comprising the steps of providing a mixture of a primary hydrocarbon fuel comprising one or more alcohols; and dehydrating in the mixture the one or more alcohol to its or their corresponding ether and water, to obtain the compression ignition fuel.01-17-2013
20110146139METHOD FOR IMPROVING THE OXIDATION STABILITY OF BIODIESEL AS MEASURED BY THE RANCIMAT TEST - The oxidation stability of biodiesel fuel or mixtures of biodiesel fuel and conventional diesel fuel is improved by at least 50% by the addition to such fuel of at least 250 mg of N-M (C06-23-2011
20110146138PRODUCTION OF BIODIESEL, CELLULOSIC SUGARS, AND PEPTIDES FROM THE SIMULTANEOUS ESTERIFICATION AND ALCOHOLYSIS/HYDROLYSIS OF MATERIALS WITH OIL-CONTAINING SUBSTITUENTS INCLUDING PHOSPHOLIPIDS AND CELLULOSIC PEPTIDIC CONTENT - The present invention relates to a method for producing fatty acid alkyl esters as well as cellulosic simplified sugars, shortened protein polymers, amino acids, or combination thereof resulting from the simultaneous esterification and hydrolysis, alcoholysis, or both of algae and other oil containing materials containing phospholipids, free fatty acids (FFA), glycerides, or combination thereof as well as polysaccharides, cellulose, hemicellulose, lignocellulose, protein polymers, or combination thereof in the presence of an alcohol and an optional acid catalyst.06-23-2011
20110146137Method for Preparing a Mixture of Biofuels - The invention relates to a method of preparing a mixture of biofuels comprising fatty acid esters and at least one mixture of glycerol ethers from fatty substances that may contain free fatty acids and ethanol comprising: a) a step of transesterification of a vegetable or animal oil by ethanol in the presence of a catalyst based on at least one alkali metal salt or ammonium heteropolyacid salt characterized by differential heat of absorption of ammonia which is greater than or equal to 150 kJ/mol, stable at T>150° C., in order to obtain fatty acid esters and glycerol, and, b) a step of etherification of the glycerol formed during step a) by the alcohol used in step a) in the presence of the catalyst from step a) in order to obtain at least one ether of the glycerol, said steps a) and b) taking place simultaneously, in one and the same reactor.06-23-2011
20110146136Polymers - The present invention is a polymer having structural units, units of formula I, units of formula II and units of either formula IIIa or formula IIIb:06-23-2011
20130019520Methods of Making Fatty Acids and Fatty Acid Alkyl Esters - The present invention is directed to methods of making fatty acid esters from glycerides and free fatty acids.01-24-2013
20130019521Method and system for production of biodiesel utilizing ultrasonic shear mixing to reduce the amount of energy needed by 45 to 50% and eliminate the use of water - The instant invention describes a method and system for producing biodiesel which increases energy efficiency by reducing the overall amount of energy associated with producing the biodiesel. Unlike most systems which use a batch procedure, the instant method and system utilize a continuous flow sonification procedure which provides for reactions to take place in tubes as the biodiesel moves along through the process. The continuous flow sonification procedure is performed in two main stages, utilizing the steps of acid esterification, transesterification, and a waterless washing.01-24-2013
20130167430PROCESS FOR CONVERTING A SOLID BIOMASS MATERIAL - A process for converting a solid biomass material comprising (a) mixing the solid biomass material with a fluid to form a fluidized biomass stream; and (b) propagating the fluidized biomass stream into the riser reactor via one or more delivery aperture(s); wherein the solid biomass material has a particle size distribution with a mean particle size diameter, and wherein the delivery aperture has a diameter equal to or more than three times the mean particle size diameter of the particle size distribution of the solid biomass material.07-04-2013
20110232164BIOMASS OIL CONVERSION PROCESS - A biomass pyrolysis oil is used as a co-feed for a heavy petroleum oil coking process to improve the operation of the coking process and to utilize biomaterial for the production of transportation fuels. The coking process may be a delayed coking process or a fluidized bed coking process and in each case, the presence of the biomass pyrolysis oil will decrease the coke drying time while reducing coke handling problems in the unit besides forming a superior coke product. In the case of a fluidized bed coking process using a gasifier for the coke, the addition of an alkali metal salt improves the operation of the gasifier.09-29-2011
20110232162BIOMASS CONVERSION USING CARBON MONOXIDE AND WATER - A lignocellulosic biomass material is converted into precursors for liquid hydrocarbon transportation fuels by contacting the biomass material with water and carbon monoxide at elevated temperature, typically from 280 to 350° C., an elevated pressure, typically a total system pressure of 12 to 30 MPa and a CO partial pressure from 5 to 10 MPa and a weight ratio of water:biomass material from 0.5:1 to 5.0:1, to dissolve the biomass material into the reaction mixture and depolymerize, deoxygenate and hydrogenate the lignocellulose biomass material, so converting the biomass material into liquid transportation fuel precursors.09-29-2011
20110232161BIOMASS OIL CONVERSION PROCESS - Biomass pyrolysis oil is converted into precursors for hydrocarbon transportation fuels by contacting the oil with liquid superheated water or supercritical water to depolymerize and deoxygenate the components of the oil and form the transportation fuel precursors. Temperatures above 200° C. and preferably above 300° C. are preferred with supercritical water at temperatures above 374° C. and pressures above 22 MPA providing the capability for fast conversion rates.09-29-2011
20110232160BIOMASS CONVERSION PROCESS - Biomass material is converted into precursors for hydrocarbon transportation fuels by contacting the biomass with liquid superheated water or supercritical water to depolymerize and deoxygenate the biomass into the transportation fuel precursors. Temperatures above 200° C. and preferably above 300° C. are preferred with supercritical water at temperatures above 374° C. and pressures above 22 MPa providing a capability for higher conversion rates.09-29-2011
20110232159Biodiesel Additive - The invention provides an additive for lowering the minimum usable temperature of a biodiesel fuel or a diesel/biodiesel blend. The additive comprises at least one saccharide ester and a polymer having a comb structure. In some instances there is only one saccharide ester present. In this case the saccharide ester comprises at least one saturated ester group and at least one unsaturated ester group. In other instances, there is more than one saccharide ester is present. In these cases the additive comprises a first saccharide ester comprising at least one saturated ester group and a second saccharide ester comprising at least one unsaturated ester group.09-29-2011
20130174476FUNGIBLE BIO-OIL - Fungible bio-oil compositions with enhanced processability are provided. A process to produce the fungible bio-oil composition is also provided that involves combining a biomass-derived liquid, at least one petroleum-derived composition, and, optionally, one or more additives in order to produce the fungible bio-oil composition.07-11-2013
20130174475METHOD FOR PRODUCING RENEWABLE FUEL USING SUPERCRITICAL FLUID - Disclosed is a method for producing a renewable fuel using a supercritical fluid. The method includes charging a supported catalyst into a continuous reactor and adding a catalyst activating material thereto to activate the supported catalyst, feeding an oil or fat, hydrogen and a supercritical fluid into the continuous reactor and allowing hydrogenation and hydrodeoxygenation reactions of the oil or fat in the supercritical fluid to proceed, and collecting a renewable fuel as the reaction product. The method enables the production of an oxygen-free renewable fuel in a higher yield at a lower hydrogen pressure and a lower reaction temperature than conventional methods for producing renewable fuels.07-11-2013
20130091760METHOD OF BIOBASED CHEMICAL PRODUCTION FROM CRUDE BIOGLYCERIN OF ANIMAL ORIGIN - A method of production of value-added, biobased chemicals, derivative products, and/or purified glycerin from animal-based bioglycerin is described herein. A method of purification of animal-based bioglycerin is also described herein. The method of purification of animal-based bioglycerin described provides methods for desalinating, decolorizing, and/or concentrating animal-based bioglycerin for the production of biobased chemicals, derivative products, and/or purified glycerin.04-18-2013
20130091761METHOD FOR THERMALLY CLEAVING ORGANIC WASTE HAVING HIGH MOLECULAR WEIGHT - The invention relates to a method for thermochemically converting organic waste material having high molecular weight into liquid combustible materials and fuels, comprising the following steps: feeding organic waste material into a reactor, heating the organic waste material to a temperature between 250° C. and 500° C. while avoiding exceeding critical coking temperatures in the reactor, feeding biogenic substances to the reactor, collecting and condensing the gases and vapors released from the mixture of organic waste material and biogenic substances, collecting the condensate and letting phases form, and removing the phase(s) containing liquid combustible materials and fuels.04-18-2013
20130118059PROCESS FOR CONVERSION OF A CELLULOSIC MATERIAL - A process for conversion of a cellulosic material comprising 05-16-2013
20130145682METHOD FOR PROCESSING A LIGNOCELLULOSIC BIOMASS MATERIAL - Method for processing a lignocellulosic biomass material, comprising (a) a pretreatment process, in which the biomass is prepared for enzymatic hydrolysis, and (b) a subsequent hydrolysis process, in which the pretreated biomass is subjected to enzymatic hydrolysis of its cellulosic components to convert them into sugars, wherein the pretreatment process (a) is carried out in the presence of a tertiary polyamide additive. The additive may be used to improve the efficiency of the hydrolysis process (b). Also provided are processes for the production of a fermentation product from lignocellulosic biomass, and/or for the production of a biofuel or biofuel component.06-13-2013
20130145683Systems and Methods for Renewable Fuel - The present application generally relates to the introduction of a renewable fuel oil as a feedstock into refinery systems or field upgrading equipment. For example, the present application is directed to methods of introducing a liquid thermally produced from biomass into a petroleum conversion unit; for example, a refinery fluid catalytic cracker (FCC), a coker, a field upgrader system, a hydrocracker, and/or hydrotreating unit; for co-processing with petroleum fractions, petroleum fraction reactants, and/or petroleum fraction feedstocks and the products, e.g., fuels, and uses and value of the products resulting therefrom.06-13-2013
20130152454METHODS FOR DEOXYGENATING BIOMASS-DERIVED PYROLYSIS OIL - Methods for deoxygenating a biomass-derived pyrolysis oil are provided. In an embodiment, a method for deoxygenating a biomass-derived pyrolysis oil comprises the steps of combining a biomass-derived pyrolysis oil stream with a heated low-oxygen-pyoil diluent recycle stream to form a heated diluted pyoil feed stream. The heated diluted pyoil feed stream has a feed temperature of about 150° C. or greater. The heated diluted pyoil feed stream is contacted with a first deoxygenating catalyst in the presence of hydrogen at first hydroprocessing conditions effective to form a low-oxygen biomass-derived pyrolysis oil effluent.06-20-2013
20130152455METHODS AND APPARATUSES FOR FORMING LOW-METAL BIOMASS-DERIVED PYROLYSIS OIL - Methods and apparatuses for forming a low-metal biomass-derived pyrolysis oil are provided. In an embodiment, a method for forming a low-metal biomass-derived pyrolysis oil includes washing biomass comprising a water-soluble metal component therein with wash water that is substantially free of water-soluble metals. The washed biomass and water containing water-soluble metal are separated after washing the biomass. The washed biomass is pyrolyzed in a pyrolysis process to form a pyrolysis vapor stream. A portion of the pyrolysis vapor stream is condensed to form a condensate. The wash water is derived from the washed biomass. In an embodiment of an apparatus, the apparatus comprises a washing stage, a biomass dryer, a pyrolysis reactor, a quenching system comprising a primary condenser and a secondary condenser, and a return line that connects the quenching system to the washing stage.06-20-2013
20130152456BIOMASS CONVERSION SYSTEMS HAVING A FLUID CIRCULATION LOOP CONTAINING BACKFLUSHABLE FILTERS FOR CONTROL OF CELLULOSIC FINES AND METHODS FOR USE THEREOF - Digestion of cellulosic biomass to produce a hydrolysate may be accompanied by the formation of cellulosic fines which may be damaging to system components. Biomass conversion systems that may address the issue of cellulosic fines may comprise a fluid circulation loop comprising: a hydrothermal digestion unit; a solids separation unit that is in fluid communication with an outlet of the hydrothermal digestion unit; where the solids separation unit comprises a plurality of filters and the filters are in fluid communication with the fluid circulation loop in both a forward and a reverse flow direction; and a catalytic reduction reactor unit that is in fluid communication with an outlet of the solids separation unit and an inlet of the hydrothermal digestion unit; where at least one of the plurality of filters is in fluid communication with an inlet of the catalytic reduction reactor unit.06-20-2013
20130152458SYSTEMS HAVING DIGESTION UNITS WITH CAPABILITY FOR LOADING CELLULOSIC BIOMASS UNDER HIGH PRESSURE AND ASSOCIATED METHODS FOR CELLULOSIC BIOMASS PROCESSING - When processing cellulosic biomass, it may be desirable for a digestion unit to operate without being fully depressurized for process efficiency purposes. A biomass conversion system can comprise a first digestion unit and a second digestion unit that are operatively connected to one another; a valve separating the first digestion unit from the second digestion unit; a fluid circulation loop establishing fluid communication between an outlet of the first digestion unit and an inlet of the second digestion unit; and a bypass line establishing fluid communication between an outlet of the second digestion unit and the fluid circulation loop.06-20-2013
20110308142BIORENEWABLE NAPHTHA - The present invention generally relates to a method for producing a naphtha product from a renewable feedstock. The method includes hydrotreating the renewable feedstock to produce a hydrotreating unit heavy fraction that includes n-paraffins, and hydrocracking the hydrotreating unit heavy fraction to produce a hydrocracking unit product that includes the naphtha product. The method also includes separating the naphtha fraction and optionally recycling the hydrocracking unit heavy fraction through the hydrocracking unit. The present invention also relates to a biorenewable naphtha product suitable for use as feed stock for steam crackers and catalytic reforming units, and for use as fuel, or fuel blend stock.12-22-2011
20110308141Methods and devices for continuous transfer of particulate and/or fibrous material between two zones with different temperatures and pressures - Continuous transfer of particulate material into pressurized steam reactors is provided by “flow feeder” methods and devices. Material such as lignocellulosic biomass feedstocks are compacted into a “low density” plug, <700 kg/m3, which provides a dynamic seal against pressurized steam through exploitation of a steam condensation zone. The rate at which the steam condensation zone moves into the “low density” plug is offset by the rate at which compacted material is fed into the pressurized reactor. Preferred devices compact material within a flow feeder chamber by use of a loading device that works against counter-pressure provided by an unloading device. Compacted material is actively disintegrated and fed into the reactor by the unloading device. In preferred embodiments, compacted material is fed in a steady-state operation in which the interface between the steam condensation zone and the low pressure inlet zone remains stationary within the flow feeder chamber.12-22-2011
20120017492PRODUCTION OF RENEWABLE BIO-DISTILLATE - A process and system for separating a light fraction, a bio-distillate fraction, and a heavy fraction from a bio-oil, and for producing a renewable distillate including at least in part the bio-distillate fraction and a stabilizing additive, is provided. The process comprises separating bio-oil into light, bio-distillate, and heavy fractions based on their boiling points. At least a portion of the bio-distillate fraction and a stabilizing additive are blended with a petroleum-derived-diesel-range stream, without any prior hydrotreatment, to thereby provide a renewable distillate composition.01-26-2012
20130192123Methods for Biofuel Production - The invention relates generally to methods for the production of biofuels from organic matter, the methods comprising treating the organic matter with an aqueous solvent and at least one additional catalyst under conditions of heat and pressure. The invention also relates to biofuel products obtainable by the methods.08-01-2013
20130192124Methods and Compositions That Provide Detergency - The present invention relates to methods of fueling an internal combustion engine, and composition, that provide improved nitrogen-free detergency in the engine, particularly in the area of injector deposit control. The present invention also provides methods of providing both improved detergency and improved corrosion inhibition, while avoiding compatibility problems with fuels and/or while limiting the amount of nitrogen delivered to the fuel from the deposit control additive.08-01-2013
20130199083PROCESS FOR PRODUCING A BIOCRUDE EMPLOYING MICROALGAE - This invention refers to a procedure for obtaining a biocrude from greenhouse gases, a procedure which is advantageous industrially and continuous. By means of said procedure it is possible to capture, convert and revalue CO08-08-2013
20130091759METHOD OF BIOBASED CHEMICAL PRODUCTION FROM CRUDE BIOGLYCERIN OF PLANT ORIGIN - A method of production of value-added, biobased chemicals, derivative products, and/or purified glycerin from plant-based bioglycerin is described herein. A method of purification of plant-based bioglycerin is also described herein. The method of purification of plant-based bioglycerin described provides methods for desalinating, decolorizing, and/or concentrating plant-based bioglycerin for the production of biobased chemicals, derivative products, and/or purified glycerin.04-18-2013
20130205650System and Method for Renewable Fuel Using Sealed Reaction Chambers - The system and method described herein provide for the higher production rate fractionation of biomass for the purpose of selectively separating specific volatile components, which may subsequently be used in the production of a renewable liquid fuel, such as gasoline. Increased production rates of processing of biomass or other feedstock is achieved through the use of sealed reaction chambers, which may be transferred in a sealed configuration between stations in a multi-station processing system. Also, the present invention considers the use of piston assemblies for the dual functions of controlling fluid intake and exhaust (in combination with valves) and for providing a more robust and more cost effective sealing mechanism. The present invention may also achieve improved uniformity of biomass processing through the introduction of a mechanical agitator designed to mix the biomass during processing.08-15-2013
20130205651MULTI-STAGE BIOMASS CONVERSION - A multi-stage process and system for converting solid particulate biomass in a riser reactor having at least two different reaction zones. A lower reaction zone is configured to optimize pyrolysis of the biomass into pyrolysis products, while an upper reaction zone is configured to efficiently crack the pyrolysis products. The relative residence times and/or temperatures of the upper and lower reaction zones can be controlled to optimize product quality and yield.08-15-2013
20130205652Ballistic Heating Process - The invention relates generally to the field of biofuel synthesis. More specifically, the invention relates to processes for the synthesis of biofuels from organic materials including lignocellulosic biomass and coal. Also provided are biofuel products obtained from processes of the invention.08-15-2013
20130205653Method for producing fuel from organic material and a gasification plant - The invention relates to a method for producing fuel from organic waste or biomass in a gasification process comprising the burning of organic waste or biomass and the recovery of the gasification residue. The method comprises at least the following steps: organic aqueous waste or biomass (M; M08-15-2013
20130205649PROCESS FOR THE PRODUCTION OF BIOFUEL - The present invention describes a process for the production of biofuel, said process comprising, pretreating a feedstock, mixing a catalyst with said feedstock, transferring the mixture of catalyst and feedstock into a reactor,and subjecting said mixture to a heating sequence by applying microwave energy thereto, wherein the catalyst comprises an aluminosillicate mineral, the percentage of aluminosillicate mineral in the catalyst-feedstock mixture is less than 10% (w/w), and the temperature of the mixture of catalyst and feedstock is no higher than 450° C. during the process.08-15-2013

Patent applications in class Plant or animal extract mixtures or extracts of indeterminate structure containing

Patent applications in all subclasses Plant or animal extract mixtures or extracts of indeterminate structure containing