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044 - Fuel and related compositions

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Class / Patent application numberDescriptionNumber of patent applications / Date published
044307000 Plant or animal extract mixtures or extracts of indeterminate structure containing 351
044385000 Containing organic -C(=O)O- compound (e.g., fatty acids, etc.) 232
044436000 Organic oxygen compound containing (e.g., alicyclic alcohols, hypochlorites, etc.) 128
044329000 Heterocyclic carbon compound containing a hetero ring having chalcogen or nitrogen as the only ring hetero atoms 78
044301000 Emulsion fuel (e.g., water-gasoline emulsions, etc.) 52
044354000 Aluminum or heavy metal, other than lead, containing 27
044412000 Organic nitrogen compound containing 25
044457000 Inorganic component (e.g., carbon dioxide, etc.) 21
044323000 Containing -X-N(=X) or -X-N(=X)(=X) bonded directly to carbon, wherein the X's are the same or diverse chalcogens (e.g., thionitrite esters, etc.) 10
044322000 Containing acyclic oxygen single bonded to acyclic oxygen (i.e., peroxy compounds) 9
044321000 Free metal or alloy containing 9
044313000 Carbohydrate containing 8
044314000 Boron containing 8
044309000 Organic oxidate of indeterminate composition containing (e.g., paraffin wax oxidate or petroleum oxidate, etc.) 7
044320000 Silicon containing 4
20090056202FUEL ADDITIVE COMPOSITION - The present invention provides a fuel additive composition, and more particularly, to the fuel additive composition comprising hydrogen peroxide, silicate, borax, sodium hydroxide or potassium hydroxide, and water.03-05-2009
20110099890SORBENT CONTAINING ENGINEERED FUEL FEED STOCK - Disclosed are novel engineered fuel feed stocks, feed stocks produced by the described processes, methods of making the fuel feed stocks, methods of producing energy from the fuel feed stocks. Components derived from processed MSW waste streams can be used to make such feed stocks which are substantially free of glass, metals, grit and noncombustibles and contain a sorbent. These feed stocks are useful for a variety of purposes including as gasification and combustion fuels. In addition, one or more sorbents can be added to the feed stocks in order to reduce the amount of a variety of pollutants present in traditional fuel and feed stocks, including, but not limited, sulfur and chlorine. Further, these feed stocks with added sorbent can mitigate corrosion, improve fuel conversion, extend power generating plant lifetime, reduce ash slagging, and reduced operating temperature.05-05-2011
20090007483Organofunctionally modified polysiloxanes and use thereof for defoaming liquid fuels with biofuel additions - The invention relates to organofunctionally modified polysiloxanes and to their use for defoaming liquid fuels, especially diesel fuels and diesel fuels to which biofuels have been added.01-08-2009
044370000 Containing organic -S(=O)(=O)O- compound (i.e., sulfonates) 4
20090025282NITROGEN BASED FUEL SYSTEMS - Embodiments of the invention relate to a fuel comprising one or more nitrogenous compounds and one or more stabilizer compounds. The stabilizer compounds are compatible with the one or more nitrogenous compounds.01-29-2009
20100269404Universal Synthetic Gasoline Fuel Conditioner Additive, Method and Product-by-Process - A process of producing a universal synthetic based gasoline fuel additive that cleans the fuel system including valves surface, lubricates the fuel pump, injectors and valves while allowing for a clean and more efficient burn. A major portion will consist of (a) Alfa-Olefins, (b) 2-propanol (c) Hydrolsomerized High VI HT Base Oils, (d) Dimethyl Ketones, (e) Low Flash Mineral Spirits, (f) Low Aromatic Solvent, (g) Isomer Reformate, (h) Solvent Activated Dye. In a preferred embodiment, this universal synthetic gasoline conditioner additive for improving lubrication comprises: alpha-olefins comprising from 5 to 30 percent thereof, by weight; low odor aromatic solvents comprising from 3 to 27 percent thereof, by weight; 2-Propanol comprising of 3 to 30 percent thereof, by weight; and at least one a base oil comprising from 0.50 to 15 percent thereof, by weight; wherein: the percentages by weight are specified in relative proportion to one another.10-28-2010
20090077869DIESEL FUEL ADDITIVE COMPOSITIONS FOR PROLONGED ANTISTATIC PERFORMANCE - An additive composition comprising at least one antistatic agent; and a strong acid, wherein the at least one antistatic agent and the strong acid are present in the additive composition in a ratio of from about 1:0.05 to about 1:1 is disclosed. There is also disclosed a fuel composition comprising a middle distillate fuel and the additive composition. Methods of making and using the compositions are also disclosed, Further, methods of improving and/or prolonging the conductivity of a fuel are disclosed.03-26-2009
20090217570Method of Controlling By-Products or Pollutants from Fuel Combustion - The invention provides a method of controlling by-products or pollutants from fuel combustion, comprising corn-busting a fuel containing a dispersion, the dispersion comprises: (a) a mixture of at least two metal bases, wherein each metal of the metal bases has an average oxidation state of (+2) or higher, (b) at least one surfactant; and (c) at least one organic medium, wherein the metal bases are uniformly dispersed in the organic medium.09-03-2009
044435000 Sulfur or phosphorus attached directly or indirectly, by nonionic bonding, to carbon of an organic compound 4
20110277377HYDROPROCESSING OF PYROLYSIS OIL AND ITS USE AS A FUEL - This invention provides low sulfur fuels, particularly low sulfur bunker fuels, comprising hydroprocessed pyrolysis oil. The hydroprocessed pyrolysis oil can be produced using a catalyst suited to processing pyrolysis oils that may be relatively high in water content and under relatively low severity conditions to limit water formation, while making the hydroprocessed pyrolysis oil more stable than prior to hydroprocessing. The pyrolysis oil can be converted to a more stable hydroprocessed product, e.g., by converting at least a majority of the aldehydes, ketones, and/or carboxylic acids in the pyrolysis oil to more highly stable compounds, such as alcohols. The hydroprocessed product can be particularly suited as a blend component for producing a variety of reduced sulfur fuels.11-17-2011
20110219677PROCESS FOR PRODUCING AVIATION FUEL BASE OIL - The present invention provides a process of producing an aviation fuel base oil having excellent combustibility, oxidation stability and life cycle characteristics, hydrotreating in the presence of hydrogen a feedstock comprising an oxygen-containing hydrocarbon compound originating from an animal or vegetable fat (preferably an animal or vegetable fat that contains fatty acids each having 10 to 14 carbon atoms in the fatty acid carbon chain in the total amount of 60 percent by mass or more) and a sulfur-containing hydrocarbon compound. The present invention also provides a process for producing an aviation fuel base oil by blending such an aviation fuel base oil and an aviation fuel base oil produced by refining crude oil.09-15-2011
20110219676AVIATION FUEL BASE OIL AND AVIATION FUEL COMPOSITION - The present invention provides an environment friendly aviation fuel base oil having combustibility, oxidation stability and excellent life cycle characteristics and contributing to diversification of primary energy, which is produced by hydrotreating a feedstock comprising a mixed oil of an oxygen-containing hydrocarbon compound originating from an animal or vegetable fat and a sulfur-containing hydrocarbon compound or a feedstock comprising said mixed oil and a petroleum base oil produced by refining crude oil and an aviation fuel composition comprising the aviation fuel base oil, and an aviation fuel composition containing such an aviation fuel base oil.09-15-2011
20110131870METHOD FOR INCREASING COLOR QUALITY AND STABILITY OF FUEL FIELD OF THE INVENTION - This invention relates to process for increasing color quality and thermal stability of fuel. Fuel that is provided as a feedstock is contacted or treated with an acidic, ion-exchange resin to increase the color quality and stability of the fuel. The process provides the benefit of substantially increasing the long term quality of both color and oxidation (JFTOT) stability.06-09-2011
044306000 Rosin, tall oil, or derivatives thereof containing (except abietic acids or fatty acids derived therefrom) 4
20090320353Methods for Concentration and Extraction of Lubricity Compounds and Biologically Active Fractions From Naturally Derived Fats, Oils and Greases - Methods for recovery of concentrates of lubricating compounds and biologically active compounds from vegetable and animal oils, fats and greases that allow separation of triglycerides, from components with higher lubricity or biological activity or enrichment protocols that increase the concentration of high lubricity or biologically active compounds in the triglyceride. The triglycerides are transesterified with a lower alcohol to produce alkyl esters. Following the conversion process the esters are separated from high molecular weight high lubricity compounds and biologically active compounds by distillation. The esters have some lubricity and may be sold as pollution reducing fuel components. The high boiling point compounds that are the residues of distillation, however, can either contribute significant lubricity and may be used widely in lubricant applications or added to petroleum fuels to decrease friction or the biologically active components may be used in nutritional, cosmetic and therapeutic applications. Therapeutic applications include use in human diets to lower cholesterol.12-31-2009
20130067801PROCESS AND APPARATUS FOR PRODUCING FUEL FROM A BIOLOGICAL ORIGIN THROUGH A SINGLE HYDROPROCESSING STEP IN THE PRESENCE OF A NIW CATALYST - The present invention relates to a process for producing mixture of fuel components, which process comprises providing a feed of biological origin; subjecting said feed of biological origin and a hydrogen gas feed to a single step of hydroprocessing in the presence of a catalyst system comprising dewaxing catalyst to form a mixture of fuel components. The present invention relates also to an apparatus for producing a mixture of fuel components from a feed of biological origin. The invention relates also to the use of the fuel components.03-21-2013
20090165364Use of Mixtures of Monocarboxylic Acids and Polycyclic Hydrocarbon Compounds for Improving the Storage Stability of Fuel Additive Concentrates - The use of mixtures of 07-02-2009
20120266524FUEL OILS - A fuel oil composition comprises a fuel oil blend, at least one ethylene-vinyl ester polymer and at least one polyalkylmethacrylate polymer. The fuel oil blend comprises a middle-distillate fuel oil and a hydrotreated vegetable, animal or fish oil, wherein the amount of hydrotreated vegetable oil in the fuel oil blend is sufficient to provide the blend with an increase in the C10-25-2012
044375000 Containing compound having phosphorus bonded directly to chalcogen and directly or indirectly to carbon by nonionic bonding (e.g., alkyl acid phosphates, etc.) 3
20120317875SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR PROCESSING GLYCEROL - Systems and methods for processing glycerol into one or more products are provided. In at least one specific embodiment, the method can include decreasing a pH of a mixture comprising glycerol and fatty acids to produce an emulsion comprising a glycerol-rich portion and a fatty acids-rich portion. At least a portion of the glycerol-rich portion can be reacted with an acid comprising phosphorus at conditions sufficient to produce a reacted product comprising glycerophosphoric acid, glycerol, and a portion of the acid.12-20-2012
20100146846ENVIRONMENTAL FRIENDLY VEHICLE LIGHT HYDROCARBON FUEL - The present invention discloses an environmental-friendly vehicle light hydrocarbon fuel, with contents of its components as below according to part by weight: (1) light hydrocarbon: 100 parts by weight; (2) aromatic hydrocarbon: 4˜60 parts by weight; (3) lead free antiknock: 0˜20 parts by weight; (4) cation fluorocarbon surfactant: 0˜0.2 parts by weight; and (5) surface active increased superscript agent: 0.001˜2 parts by weight. The product of the present invention can increase auto-ignition temperature of the fuel, improve distillation range distribution of the fuel, increase burning velocity of the fuel, enhance power and reduce abrasion of an engine, avoid the formation of piston carbon, and lower consumption of the fuel. With a calorific value≧42000 KJ/kg, the environmental-friendly vehicle light hydrocarbon fuel is an energy saving, environmental-friendly, and cost effective substitute for gasoline vehicle fuel.06-17-2010
20100107480Aviation Fuel Lead Scavenging Additive - An aviation 100LL fuel additive formulation for lead scavenging which mitigates the detrimental effects of lead, cleans up the combustion chamber and also allows shipping and distribution by common carrier, such as UPS or FedEx. A fuel additive composition is described for aviation 100 octane Low Lead fuel, containing: (1) glycol ether 10 to 90% by volume; (2) tricresyl phosphate 5 to 10% by volume; and, (3) Polyetheramine 15 to 30% by volume. The described composition has a flash point above 141 degrees F. to enable safe shipping by conmmon carrier. The described composition also contains polyetheramine to create a mixture which is shown to be effective in preventing plug fouling by lead and be effective in reducing combustion chamber deposits, thus providing a smooth running engine during ground operations.05-06-2010
044384000 Organic compound containing -NC or -CN group 3
20080250703Fuel additive, additive-containing fuel compositions and method of manufacture - The present invention relates to fuel additives, fuel compositions and methods of manufacture in which the additives are provided to impart desired properties to fuels. These properties include, without limitation, reduction of nitrogen oxide and particulate emissions from the exhaust stream of internal combustion engines using the fuels. Preferred embodiments of an additive form of the composition include a nitrogen-containing compound selected from the group consisting of urea, cyanuric acid, triazine, ammonia and mixtures thereof, a carrier blend comprising an alkoxylated alcohol, a polyalkylene glycol ester and an alkanolamide and water. The additive may be provided in a concentrate form by addition of a solvent or may be provided as a final form fuel composition. A method of additive manufacture and is disclosed.10-16-2008
20120011765Aviation Fuel Containing a Proportion of Organic Compunds from Biomass - The invention relates to an aviation fuel containing between 1 and 100 wt.-% of a fraction of a compound obtained by means of chemical transformation from renewable, natural optionally-hydroxylated monounsaturated fatty acids having a chain length at least equal to 14 carbon atoms, selected from among nitriles and medium fatty acid esters containing between 7 and 12 carbon atoms per molecule and between 0 and 99 wt.-% of a kerosene originating from petrol that meets global aviation fuel specifications.01-19-2012
20120151830POLYISOBUTENYL ALCOHOLS AND FUEL COMPOSITIONS - Disclosed are polyisobutenyl alcohols and substituted polyisobuentyl alcohols of the formula:06-21-2012
044311000 Sludge, pitch, tar, or tar distillate containing 3
20110192074SLURRY DEWATERING AND CONVERSION OF BIOSOLIDS TO A RENEWABLE FUEL - In the processes for treating municipal sewage and storm water containing biosolids to discharge standards, biosolids, even after dewatering, contain typically about 80% water bound in the dead cells of the biosolids, which gives biosolids a negative heating value. It can be incinerated only at the expense of purchased fuel. Biosolids are heated to a temperature at which their cell structure is destroyed and, preferably, at which carbon dioxide is split off to lower the oxygen content of the biosolids. The resulting char is not hydrophilic, and it can be efficiently dewatered and/or dried and is a viable renewable fuel. This renewable fuel can be supplemented by also charging conventional biomass (yard and crop waste, etc.) in the same or in parallel facilities. Similarly, non-renewable hydrophilic fuels can be so processed in conjunction with the processing of biosolids to further augment the energy supply.08-11-2011
20080216392PROCESSING PAINT SLUDGE TO PRODUCE A COMBUSTIBLE FUEL PRODUCT - A method for producing a combustion product that involves dewatering raw paint sludge from spray paint booth operations and adding a de-sulfuring agent thereto. The resulting material can provide significant and economical fuel value and sulfur emissions control to combustion processes such as for power plants while also obviating the need to dispose of waste paint sludge in landfills. Additionally the process is inexpensive, safe and free of most problems associated with paint sludge drying.09-11-2008
20110162258Wastewater sludge processing system - The Wastewater sludge processing system takes sludge directly from the municipal waste water treatment plant and processes it using a low-temperature, low pressure process that has no waste products. The process dries the sludge and separates it into oil that is turned into biodiesel feedstock, cellulose/minerals that are used for heating the process, and water that is reused in the process.07-07-2011
044459000 Solid hydrocarbon polymer containing 1
20080263941Reduced vapor pressure gelled fuels and solvents - The present invention relates generally to gelled fuels and solvents. Specifically the invention relates to gel thickeners that reduce vapor pressure in fuels and solvents and are shear thinning (pseudoplastic or thixotropic) or are shear thickening and remain pourable and flowable. Still more specifically, the invention relates to nonaqueous gels made with diblock copolymers that reduce the Reid Vapor Pressure of gelled gasoline and lower the total volatility of gelled hydrocarbon solvents. These gels may contain secondary amino acid or triblock polymer gelling agents. The invention includes gel compositions and methods of making gels.10-30-2008
044304000 Organic compound of indeterminate structure which is a reaction product of an organic compound with sulfur halide or elemental sulfur containing 1
20090107032PRODUCTION OF LOW SULPHUR ALKYLATE GASOLINE FUEL - A method for producing a low sulphur containing fuel from a hydrocarbon feed having from 10 to 80 ppm of sulphur is disclosed. The method comprises contacting a hydrocarbon stream comprising at least one olefin having from 2 to 6 carbon atoms and at least one paraffin having from 4 to 6 carbon atoms with an ionic liquid catalyst and a halide containing additive in an alkylation reaction zone under alkylating conditions to produce a fuel having sulphur content up to 10 ppm.04-30-2009
044327000 Organic azide compound, or organic compound having acyclic nitrogen double bonded to acyclic nitrogen (e.g., diazo compounds, etc.) 1
20080244964MULTIFUNCTIONAL ADDITIVE COMPOSITIONS ENABLING MIDDLE DISTILLATES TO BE OPERABLE IN COLD CONDITIONS - The invention concerns a multifunctional additive enabling fuels to be operable in cold conditions, consisting of copolymers of at least a dicarboxylic compound with at least an olefin, and whereon are grafted nitrogenous functions and/or esters of general formula (1) wherein: R10-09-2008
044369000 Containing -O-S(=O)(=O)O- or -O-S(=O)O- attached directly or indirectly to carbon by nonionic bonding (e.g., sulfate esters, sulfite esters, etc.) 1
20100088950Oils - A fuel oil composition is disclosed. The fuel oil composition includes (a) a fuel oil which contains alkyl esters of fatty acids obtained from vegetable or animal materials processed by contacting the esters with one or more ion-exchange materials, comprising materials represented by the formula:04-15-2010
20090188156GASOLINE COMPOSITION - A gasoline composition is disclosed comprising: 07-30-2009
20090094885FUEL COMPOSITIONS - Reaction products of an acidic organic compound, a boron compound, and an alkoxylated amine and/or alkoxylated amide. Also disclosed are lubricating oil compositions and fuel compositions containing the reaction products.04-16-2009
20130067800THERMODEPOLYMERIZATION OF PLASTIC USING INDUCTION HEATING - Methods and apparatuses to depolymerize plastic to create fuel are provided. Plastic feedstock is heated to a molten state. The molten plastic is further heated by electromagnetic induction to a vapor state. The plastic vapor is collected and the temperature of the plastic vapor is lowered to produce liquid fuel. The molten plastic can be heated by electromagnetic induction to a vapor by placing the molten plastic in a plurality of trays and traversing the trays over a plurality of induction coils wherein each of the induction coils produce a magnetic field to heat the trays.03-21-2013
20080295388Fuel composition - Unleaded blend compositions, as well as formulated gasolines containing them have a Motor Octane Number (MON) of at least 80 comprising either: 12-04-2008
20110277374FUEL FILTER - Disclosed herein is an apparatus and method for adding a lubricating additive to a diesel fuel. In one embodiment, a system for controlling the release of a fuel additive into a diesel fuel is provided, the system having: a housing having at least one inlet opening and at least one outlet opening configured to define a flow path therethrough; filter media disposed in the flow path, the filter media comprising an adsorbent that removes sulfur containing compounds from diesel fuel passing through the housing; an additive cartridge configured to disperse a lubricating additive into the diesel fuel; a controller for controlling the amount of lubricating additive that is released from the additive cartridge into the diesel fuel; and at least one sensor configured to monitor the lubricant additive content in the diesel fuel and provide a signal indicative of the lubricant additive content in the diesel fuel to the controller, wherein the controller releases the additive from the additive cartridge based upon the signal received from the at least one sensor.11-17-2011
20090165362Light Oil Composition - The invention provides a gas oil composition wherein the molar ratio of isoparaffins with carbon number of m and two or more branches to isoparaffins with carbon number of m and one branch within the range of C10-21 is 0.05-3.5, wherein m is an integer of 10-21, and the molar ratio of isoparaffins with carbon number of n and two or more branches to isoparaffins with carbon number of n and one branch within the range of C22-25 is 0.1-10.0, wherein n is an integer of 22-25. The invention also provides a gas oil composition wherein the molar ratio of isoparaffins with carbon number of m and two or more branches to isoparaffins with carbon number of m and one branch within the range of C10-23 is 0.05-4.0, wherein m is an integer of 10-23, and the distillate volume at a distillation temperature of 250° C. (E250) is 15-65%.07-02-2009
20120096762PHOSPHORUS RECOVERY FROM HYDROTHERMAL TREATMENT OF BIOMASS - Biomass based feeds are processed under hydrothermal treatment conditions to produce a hydrocarbon liquid product and a solids portion. The solids portion can contain a portion of the phosphorus from the biomass feed. The amount of phosphorus in the solids portion can be increased for some biomass feeds by adding a multivalent metal to the feed. The phosphorus from the solids portion can be recycled for further use, such as for growth of additional biomass.04-26-2012
20100077650Apparatus and Process for Production of Nanobubble Liquid - An apparatus and process for production of a liquid containing fuel that avoid the need to add any extra surfactant and also the need to apply ultrasonic wave energy and attain high stability of minute bubbles, etc. Production apparatus for a liquid containing fuel comprises pump for pressurizing a stored fuel and nanobubble generating unit adapted to inject a liquid containing the pressurized fuel. The apparatus may be equipped with homogenizing means for storing the liquid containing fuel. The process for production of a liquid containing fuel is characterized by sequentially performing storing of a liquid containing fuel in storage means, pressurizing the liquid so as to obtain a high-pressure liquid with a given pressure, injecting the same through a nozzle into a matrix of liquid containing fuel and effecting collision thereof with a wall so that nanobubbles of foreign substance are dispersed in the matrix of liquid containing fuel.04-01-2010
20100287819SYNTHETIC DIESEL FUEL COMPOSITIONS - In various aspects, a synthetic diesel fuel composition is provided that comprises at least three C11-18-2010
20090165363OPERATING A FOUR-STROKE SPARK-IGNITION INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE - The use of from 0.1 to 5 wt %, based on overall gasoline composition, of a base oil having a kinematic viscosity at 100° C. of at least 1 cSt, in a gasoline composition comprising a major amount of gasoline is disclosed for improving the acceleration response of a four-stroke spark-ignition internal combustion engine fueled by the gasoline composition. A method of operating a four-stroke spark-ignition internal combustion engine is also disclosed which method involves introducing into a combustion chamber of said engine a gasoline composition comprising: 07-02-2009
20080282603PROCESS TO PREPARE AN AVIATION FUEL - A process to prepare an aviation fuel and an automotive gas oil from a source of mineral derived gas oil is provided. From the mineral derived gas oil a low boiling fraction is isolated for use as an aviation fuel or as an aviation fuel component and the remaining part of the mineral derived gas oil is blended with a Fischer-Tropsch derived kerosene fraction and/or a Fischer-Tropsch derived gas oil fraction to obtain a blend suited for use as at least part of an automotive gas oil.11-20-2008
20090044444Gas Oil Composition - The present invention provides a gas oil composition for use in a diesel engine with a geometric compression ratio of 16 or less, equipped with a supercharger and an EGR, containing an FT synthetic base oil and having a sulfur content of 5 ppm by mass or less, an oxygen content of 100 ppm by mass or less, a bulk modulus of 1250 MPa or greater and 1450 MPa or less, a saybolt color of +22 or greater, a lubricity of 400 μm or less, an initial boiling point of 140° C. or higher and an end point of 380° C. or lower in distillation characteristics, and the following characteristics (1) to (3) in each fraction range wherein: (1) the cetane number in a fraction range of lower than 200° C. is 40 or greater and less than 60; (2) the cetane number in a fraction range of 200° C. or higher and lower than 280° C. is 60 or greater and less than 80; and (3) the cetane number in a fraction range of 280° C. or higher is 50 or greater. The gas oil composition is used in a summer or winter season, suitable for both diesel combustion and homogeneous charge compression ignition combustion.02-19-2009
20090100746METHOD OF MAKING HIGH ENERGY DISTILLATE FUELS - A process of upgrading a highly aromatic hydrocarbon feedstream comprising (a) contacting a highly aromatic hydrocarbon feedstream, wherein a major portion of the feedstream has a boiling range of from about 300° F. to about 800° F., under catalytic conditions with a catalyst system, containing a hydrotreating catalyst and a hydrogenation/hydrocracking catalyst in a single stage reactor system, wherein the active metals in the hydrogenation/hydrocracking catalyst comprises from about 5%-30% by weight of nickel and from about 5%-30% by-weight tungsten; and (b) wherein at least a portion of said highly aromatic hydrocarbon feedstream is converted to a product stream having a boiling range within jet or diesel boiling ranges.04-23-2009
20090107030REACTION METHOD USING A MICROREACTOR, AND A MICROREACTOR - A reaction method using a microreactor, comprises: forming, in a microchannel, an at least two-layered laminar flow in n kinds (n is an integer of 3 or more) of a fluid 04-30-2009
20120192480Automated fuel polishing system and methods - An automated system for fuel polishing stored fuel in multiple storage tanks by circulating fuel in two or more distinct fluid paths, wherein the system comprises automatically actuating two or more two-way valves when changing fluid paths. In preferred embodiments the system does not comprise a system controller that activates an automated three-way valve.08-02-2012
20080307697ALUMINO SILICATE CATALYTIC SYSTEM AND ITS USE - Catalytic process for the transformation of carbon compounds into liquid fuel, in which the reaction is catalysed by an Alumino silicate catalyst comprising counter ion Na and/or K in a sufficient amount so that when mixing 0.2 g of catalyst in powder form with 20 ml water having a pH of 5.56 so as to form a water/catalyst mixture, the pH of the water/catalyst mixture comprised between 4 and 6, said catalytic system further comprising 0.005% to 1% by weight of Ba and/or Sr.12-18-2008
20100223838Gas Oil Composition - The present invention provides a gas oil composition for use in a diesel engine with a geometric compression ratio of greater than 16, equipped with a supercharger and an EGR, containing an FT synthetic base oil and having a sulfur content of 5 ppm by mass or less, an oxygen content of 100 ppm by mass or less, a bulk modulus of 1250 MPa or greater and 1450 MPa or less, a saybolt color of +22 or greater, a lubricity of 400 μm or less, an initial boiling point of 140° C. or higher and an end point of 380° C. or lower in distillation characteristics, and the following characteristics (1) to (3) in each fraction range wherein: (1) the cetane number in a fraction range of lower than 200° C. is 20 or greater and less than 40; (2) the cetane number in a fraction range of 200° C. or higher and lower than 280° C. is 30 or greater and less than 60; and (3) the cetane number in a fraction range of 280° C. or higher is 50 or greater. The gas oil composition is used in a summer or winter season, suitable for both diesel combustion and homogeneous charge compression ignition combustion.09-09-2010
20100293837Engine fuels from coal and biomass volatile matter - Apparatus and a process are described for compressing superheated steam into porous coal chunks in a chamber, and, after a time interval, expanding this steam out of the chamber, and repeating this steam cycle of compression followed by expansion. Thusly heated by the steam, volatile matter separates from the solid coke portion of the coal and separate volatile matter and coke products can be produced from coal or biomass fuels. These volatile matter liquids and tars can be used as fuel components in slurry fuels, for internal combustion engines used in our surface transportation industries. These solid coke products can be used as boiler fuel in steam electric plants. In this way our large domestic reserves of coal can be used as a fuel source, not only for electric power generation, but also for our surface transportation needs.11-25-2010
20110173875ONE-STEP CONVERSION OF SOLID LIGNIN TO LIQUID PRODUCTS - The present invention refers to a method of converting a lignin material into a liquid product and the liquid product obtainable by the method.07-21-2011
20080250699Production of Near Zero Aromatics Containing Diesels - The invention provides a process for the production of synthetically derived diesel and diesel produced by the process. The process includes the steps of catalytic conversion of Fisher-Tropsch derived light olefins to distillates (COD) over a zeolite type catalyst at pressures of more than 50 barg, one step hydrotreating the COD product to simultaneously hydrogenate both olefins and aromatics, and collecting a hydrotreated fraction boiling between about 180° C. to 360° C.10-16-2008
20100186287Fuel Apparatus and Method - An apparatus and method of enhancing fuel combustion by organizing an amount of transformed water with a high level of stored energy into a geometric arrangement such that a central cavity is created that substantially surrounds a segment of a fuel line leading to a combustion device such as an internal combustion engine. The fuel passes within the space surrounded by the transformed water and becomes imprinted with a molecular clustering as a result of water memory transfer at a lower level of stored energy. This process alter the properties of the fuel allowing it to be utilized with a higher level of efficiency and with lower emissions of pollutants such as hydrocarbons and carbon monoxide.07-29-2010
20110258909FLOW IMPROVER FOR BIODIESEL FUELS - A flow improver for biodiesel fuels, comprising an α-olefin polymer with a weight average molecular weight of 50,000 to 500,000 that is obtained by polymerization of an α-olefin mixture (C), wherein the mole ratio (A)/(B) of an α-olefin (A) with 10 carbon atoms and an α-olefin (B) with 14 to 18 carbon atoms is (A)/(B)=10/90 to 60/40.10-27-2011
20090249682CONVERSION OF BIOGAS TO LIQUID FUELS - Biogas is converted to a liquid fuel by passing the biogas through a liquid reaction medium that contains a petroleum fraction in the presence of a transition metal catalyst, and doing so at an elevated but non-boiling temperature.10-08-2009
20100212215PRODUCTION OF STABLE BIOMASS PYROLYSIS OILS USING FRACTIONAL CATALYTIC PYROLYSIS - Methods for fractional catalytic pyrolysis which allow for conversion of biomass into a slate of desired products without the need for post-pyrolysis separation are described. The methods involve use of a fluid catalytic bed which is maintained at a suitable pyrolysis temperature. Biomass is added to the catalytic bed, preferably while entrained in a non-reactive gas such as nitrogen, causing the biomass to become pyrolyzed and forming the desired products in vapor and gas forms, allowing the desired products to be easily separated.08-26-2010
20100199546REGULATING VANADIUM INHIBITOR IN A GAS TURBINE - A method and system are disclosed that enable an automatic regulation of a vanadium inhibitor in a fuel of a gas turbine. In one embodiment, the method includes obtaining an indication as to whether an additional inhibitor is required in the fuel of the gas turbine based on an amount of vanadium and an inhibitor in the fuel of the gas turbine, in response to the indication that the additional inhibitor is required, having an inhibitor control system automatically instructing an injector to inject the additional inhibitor into the fuel of the gas turbine to inhibit the vanadium.08-12-2010
20120042564NON-WOVEN FABRIC AND METHOD FOR FABRICATING THE SAME, GAS FUEL GENERATION DEVICE AND METHOD FOR GENERATING GAS FUEL - A non-woven fabric reacting with a liquid to generate gas fuel is provided. The non-woven fabric includes a plurality of core-sheath fibres, and each of the core-sheath fibres includes a core layer, a sheath layer, and a plurality of solid particles. The core layer has a first melting point. The sheath layer wraps the core layer and has a second melting point, wherein the first melting point is higher than the second melting point. The solid particles are combined to each of the sheath layers. Moreover, a method for fabricating the non-woven fabric, a gas fuel generation device using the non-woven fabric, and a method for generating the gas fuel are also provided.02-23-2012
20090126259PROCESS TO PREPARE METHANOL AND/OR DIMETHYLETHER - A process to prepare methanol and/or dimethylether from a solid carbonaceous feedstock comprising the steps of 05-21-2009
20120060408PROCESS FOR PREPARING A FLUIDIZABLE BIOMASS-CATALYST COMPOSITE MATERIAL - A process is disclosed for preparing fluidizable particles of a biomass/catalyst composite material. The process comprises the steps of (i) providing a particulate, solid biomass material; (ii) forming a composite of the biomass material and a catalytic material; (iii) subjecting the biomass material to a thermal treatment at a torrefaction temperature at or above 200° C., and low enough to avoid significant conversion of the biomass material to liquid conversion products; and (iv) forming fluidizable particles from the biomass material. Step (ii) may be carried out before or after step (iii).03-15-2012
20120124894ENCLOSED ROTOR-BASED CAVITATIONAL AND CATALYTIC FLOW-THROUGH REACTION CHAMBER - The current application is directed to an enclosed rotor-based cavitational and catalytic flow-through reaction chamber (“ERCCFRC”) that can be employed in a variety of thermal, chemical, and fluid-mechanical processes. The ERCCFRC features a reaction chamber that incorporated a spinning rotor, generating fluid-mechanical forces and cavitation in a fluid within the ERCCFRC. The reaction chamber further incorporates one or more heterogeneous catalysts that promote specific chemical reactions.05-24-2012
20120246999NOVEL FUEL COMPOSITIONS AND METHODS FOR MAKING SAME - This invention relates to low sulfur marine/bunker fuel compositions and methods of making same. Contrary to conventional marine/bunker fuel compositions/methods, the inventive lower sulfur compositions/methods focus on use of mostly uncracked components, such as (cat feed) hydrotreated gasoils, and/or can also have reduced contents of residual components.10-04-2012
20100050500Maritime Hydrogen or Hydrocarbon Production Facility - The present invention relates to a maritime facility for the production of large quantities of hydrogen or hydrocarbons, consisting of a plurality of interconnecting modules of two designs. The first module design (a generating module) converts the linear motion of wind into electrical energy. A second module (a refining module) converts the electrical energy into chemical energy stored in the form of hydrogen or hydrocarbons. Each module can also serve as a docking port for a detachable transport vessel, and all modules are interconnected using a plurality of ridged inter-modular trusses of a standard design that also permit the transfer of stress loads, electricity, gases/fluids, and control commands between all modules.03-04-2010
20120317871METHODS AND APPARATUSES FOR FORMING LOW-METAL BIOMASS-DERIVED PYROLYSIS OIL - Embodiments of methods and apparatuses for forming a low-metal biomass-derived pyrolysis oil are provided. The method comprises the steps of filtering a biomass-derived pyrolysis oil with a high flux rate filter arrangement having a flux rate of about 10 L/m12-20-2012
20110119988PRODUCT CONTAINING MONOMER AND POLYMERS OF TITANYLS AND METHODS FOR MAKING SAME - A compound of Formula (II) and (III), or a mixture of any two or more thereof; wherein M is Ti or Zr; R05-26-2011
20130014430METHOD FOR GENERATING ELECTRICITY AND FOR PRODUCING GASOLINE FROM METHANOL AND SYSTEM THEREFORAANM IIJIMA; MasakiAACI TokyoAACO JPAAGP IIJIMA; Masaki Tokyo JP - A method for generating electric power and for producing gasoline from methanol, includes the steps of: synthesizing gasoline by reacting methanol under a catalyst; recovering heat generated from the gasoline synthetic reaction of methanol by cooling the reaction with coolant to vaporize the coolant; and generating electric power by using the coolant vapor produced in the heat recovery. The power generation step may include generating electric power with a plurality of steam turbines in series, e.g., a high-pressure turbine, a medium-pressure turbine, and a low-pressure turbine.01-17-2013
20120090221METHODS FOR INTEGRATED FAST PYROLYSIS PROCESSING OF BIOMASS - Methods, process, apparatus, equipment, and systems are disclosed for converting biomass into bio-oil fractions for chemicals, materials, feedstocks and fuels using a low-cost, integrated fast pyrolysis system. The system improves upon prior art by creating stable, bio-oil fractions which have unique properties that make them individually superior to conventional bio-oil. The invention enables water and low-molecular weight compounds to be separated into a final value-added fraction suitable for upgrading or extracting into value-added chemicals, fuels and water. Initial bio-oil fractions from the process are chemically distinct, have low-water content and acidity which reduces processing costs normally associated with conventional bio-oil post-production upgrading since fewer separation steps, milder processing conditions and lower auxiliary inputs are required. Biochar is stabilized so that it can be handled safely. The integrated fast pyrolysis process includes biomass storage, preparation, pretreatment, and conversion, product recovery and processing to create and store stable biochar and bio-oil fractions.04-19-2012
20130000180FUEL DEOXYGENATION USING SURFACE-MODIFIED POROUS MEMBRANES - A fuel deoxygenation system includes an oxygen permeable membrane having a porous membrane and an oleophobic layer. The porous membrane has pores that create a passage extending from a first side to an opposite second side of the porous membrane. The pores have an average pore diameter less than or equal to about 0.06 microns. The oleophobic layer and the porous membrane allow oxygen to cross the oxygen permeable membrane but substantially prevent fuel from crossing the oxygen permeable membrane. A method for removing dissolved oxygen from a fuel includes delivering fuel to an oxygen permeable membrane and removing oxygen from the fuel using the oxygen permeable membrane. A method for modifying a surface of a porous membrane includes depositing an oleophobic treatment agent on the porous membrane, removing solvent and heating the porous membrane to form an oleophobic layer on the porous membrane.01-03-2013
20110232158Method and apparatus for conversion of disposable hydrocarbons into diesel and heating oil fuels and conversion of biomass into biodiesel - The disclosure is of a method and apparatus for conversion of disposable hydrocarbons into diesel and heating oil fuels and conversion of biomass into biodiesel fuel. The apparatus comprises a feed stock tank, a preparation tank for first stage warming of the feedstock, a first heat exchanger to separate out water as steam and light ends, a stack to vent steam to the atmosphere, a second heat exchanger to raise the temperature to that necessary for processing the feedstock in a cracking kettle, an oxidizer burning the light ends to generate heat for the first and second heat exchangers, a distillation tower to process the gases from the cracking kettle, a condenser to convert gas to liquid #2 diesel fuel, a filter and chiller unit, and storage tanks to hold the fuels and residuals. Retained heat in the residuals is used to preheat the feedstock to save energy.09-29-2011
20080222945Method for Producing Hydrocarbon Fuel Oil - To efficiently obtain a liquid fuel containing no sulfur and having good cold flow properties by hydrotreating heavy wax generated by the Fischer-Tropsch (FT) synthesis to perform cracking with the gasification rate restrained and also increase an isomerization reaction which occurs at the same time.09-18-2008
20130111804SYSTEM FOR DESALTING FUEL OIL USING A STEAM JET PUMP - A method and system for desalting a fuel having a salt therein is disclosed. A jet of superheated steam is provided at a selected pressure and fuel is drawn into the jet of superheated steam to form a mixture of the fuel and the superheated steam. The mixture is injected into a centrifuge to desalt the fuel.05-09-2013
20080196298Synthesizing Hydrocarbons of Coal with Ethanol - A novel fuel for the gasoline-powered internal combustion engine and an additive for the diesel combustion engine is provided by producing an Ethanol/Coal synthesization that approaches the BTU content of Gasohol. In one implementation the synthesizing process is performed by extracting hydrocarbons from the coal using a release agent and synthesizing the extracted coal hydrocarbons with an ethyl alcohol product to produce a fuel suitable for use in an internal combustion engine.08-21-2008
20110308140FUEL COMPOSITION AND ITS USE - A method for increasing flamespeed of an internal combustion engine by burning a certain gasoline composition is provided. The gasoline composition contains (a) a major amount of a mixture of hydrocarbons in the gasoline boiling range and (b) a minor amount of at least one hydrocarbon having 5 to 12 carbon atoms and containing at least one cyclopropyl group and at least one acetylenic group.12-22-2011
20130205647RECYCLING AND REINVESTMENT OF CARBON FROM AGRICULTURAL PROCESSES FOR RENEWABLE FUEL AND MATERIALS USING THERMOCHEMICAL REGENERATION - Techniques, systems, apparatus and material are disclosed for regeneration or recycling of carbon substances into renewable fuel and materials. In one aspect, a method of recycling carbon to produce a renewable fuel can include harvesting carbon donors, such as carbon dioxide (CO08-15-2013