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Fuel and related compositions

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Class / Patent application numberDescriptionNumber of patent applications / Date published
044300000 LIQUID FUELS (EXCLUDING FUELS THAT ARE EXCLUSIVELY MIXTURES OF LIQUID HYDROCARBONS) 1036
044550000 CONSOLIDATED SOLIDS (E.G., BRIQUETTE, ETC.) 79
044605000 FROM VEGETATION OR REFUSE 66
044620000 COAL TREATING PROCESS OR PRODUCT THEREOF 48
044530000 FUEL PRODUCT OF DEFINED SHAPE OR STRUCTURE 43
044500000 PARTICULATE (E.G., POWDERED, ETC.) 38
044280000 SOLID CARBONACEOUS FUEL DISPERSED IN A LIQUID MEDIUM (E.G., DISPERSED COAL, COKE, CARBON POWDER, PEAT, ETC.) 24
044275000 CANDLE COMPOSITION 22
044629000 APPARATUS FOR MAKING OR TREATING FUEL COMPOSITION 19
044265000 SOLIDIFIED LIQUID (E.G., GEL, ETC.) 10
044607000 CARBONIZED COMPONENT (E.G., COKE, ETC.) 9
044603000 WITH COMBUSTION IMPROVER 7
044542000 COATED OR IMPREGNATED FOR EASIER IGNITION 6
044601000 WITH ANTIFREEZING ADDITIVE OR TREATMENT 5
20100192455Detergent Additive-Containing Mineral Oils Having Improved Cold Flow Properties - The invention relates to the use of at least one oil-soluble compound B) which acts as a nucleating agent for paraffin crystallization and which is selected from ethylene copolymers and 2 to 10.5 mole-% of at least one ethylenically unsaturated carbonic ester for improving the response of cold flow improvers for mineral oils C), which are different from B), in middle distillates that contain at least one ashless, nitrogenous detergent additive A), which is an oil-soluble, amphiphilic compound that comprises at least one alkyl or alkenyl group bound to a polar group, said alkyl or alkenyl group having 10 to 500 C atoms and the polar group having 2 or more nitrogen atoms.08-05-2010
20090071067Environmentally-Friendly Additives And Additive Compositions For Solid Fuels - Fuel additive packages and fuel compositions, suitable for use with solid fuels, having environmentally compatible characteristics as defined by European Council Directive 67/548/EEC is disclosed. Such additive packages and compositions may include components selected from non-persistent materials, non-bioaccumulative materials, and/or or non-toxic materials.03-19-2009
20100192456Detergent Additive-Containing Mineral Oils Having Improved Cold Flow Properties - The invention relates to the use of at least one oil-soluble olefin copolymer B) which acts as a nucleating agent for paraffin crystallization for improving the response of cold flow improvers for mineral oils C), which are different from B), in middle distillates that contain at least one ashless, nitrogenous detergent additive A), which is an oil-soluble, amphiphilic compound that comprises at least one alkyl or alkenyl group bound to a polar group, said alkyl or alkenyl group having 10 to 500 C atoms and the polar group having 2 or more nitrogen atoms.08-05-2010
20100180492Detergent Additive-Containing Mineral Oils Having Improved Cold Flow Properties - The invention relates to the use of at least one oil-soluble compound B) which acts as a nucleating agent for paraffin crystallization and which is selected from comb polymers that carry alkyl side chains having on average a length of at least 18 C atoms per mole for improving the response of cold flow improvers for mineral oils C), which are different from B), in middle distillates that contain at least one ashless, nitrogenous detergent additive A), which is an oil-soluble, amphiphilic compound that comprises at least one alkyl or alkenyl group bound to a polar group, said alkyl or alkenyl group having 10 to 500 C atoms and the polar group having 2 or more nitrogen atoms.07-22-2010
20100175314COLD FLOW RESPONSE OF DIESEL FUELS - The invention provides A blend of FT derived diesel, crude derived diesel, and CFPP improving additive, wherein the FT diesel is from 1 vol % to 50 vol % of the blend, said blend having a CFPP of below −18° C. The invention extends to use of FT diesel as a blendcomponent for a compression ignition fuel blend, said blend including the FT diesel, a crude derived diesel fuel and a CFPP improver additive, wherein the FT diesel is from 1 vol % to 50 vol % of the blend, which blend has a CFPP of below −20° C.07-15-2010
044250000 FLAMELESS OR GLOWLESS 4
20120030992HYDROGEN ELIMINATION AND THERMAL ENERGY GENERATION IN WATER-ACTIVATED CHEMICAL HEATERS - A hydrogen suppressing, flameless, heat generating chemical composition including magnesium, a hydrogen suppressor or eliminator, particulate carbon, an alloying metal selected from the group consisting of: iron, cobalt, nickel, zinc, aluminum and mixtures thereof, a metallic salt including a cation and an anion, wherein the anion is selected from the group consisting of silicate, carbonate, bicarbonate, phosphate, borate, perborate, percarbonate, perphosphate, persulfate, nitrate, nitrite, ferrate, permanganate, and stannate and combinations thereof, and water. The magnesium or magnesium-containing alloy, hydrogen suppressor or eliminator, particulate carbon, alloying metal, metallic salt and water are each present in a proportional amount to generate sufficient heat to heat water, medical supplies and/or consumable rations.02-09-2012
20120186141EXPANDABLE EXOTHERMIC GEL-FORMING COMPOSITION - This invention is in the field of expandable, exothermic gel-forming compositions that are predominately useful in the consumer products and medical industries. More particularly, it relates to the use of expandable particulate exothermic gel-forming compositions with efficient and long-lasting heat production for heating surfaces and objects without the need for electricity or combustible fuel.07-26-2012
20120085021POWER GENERATION FROM SOLID ALUMINUM - A fuel for splitting water into hydrogen and an oxide component comprises a substantially solid pellet formed from a solid-like mixture of a solid-state source material capable of oxidizing in water to form hydrogen and a passivation surface layer of the oxide component, and a passivation preventing agent that is substantially inert to water in an effective amount to prevent passivation of the solid-state material during oxidation. The pellets are brought into contact with an alloy of the passivation preventing agent having a melting point temperature below that of the solid-like mixture to initiate the hydrogen-producing reaction at a lower temperature.04-12-2012
20120137570FUEL SOURCE FOR ELECTROCHEMICAL CELL - A fuel source for an electrochemical cell includes two or more chemical hydride pellets, a flexible, porous, liquid water impermeable, hydrogen and water vapor permeable membrane in contact with and at least partially surrounding each hydride pellet, and a porous metal hydride layer positioned between each hydride pellet. Air gaps are between each pellet.06-07-2012
044608000 "LOW-RANK" COAL (E.G., LIGNITE, ETC.) 3
20090255173PROCESS AND EQUIPMENT FOR PRODUCING SOLID FUEL BY USING COAL AS RAW MATERIAL - The present invention provides a process and an apparatus for producing a low-pyrophoricity, transportable, storable dewatered solid fuel from a low rank coal, in which the amount of heavy oil added can be reduced.10-15-2009
20110131873SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR REMOVING FINELY DISPERSED PARTICULATE MATTER FROM A FLUID STREAM - Disclosed herein are systems for removing particulate matter from a fluid, comprising a particle functionalized by attachment of at least one activating group or amine functional group, wherein the modified particle complexes with the particulate matter within the fluid to form a removable complex therein. The particulate matter has preferably been contacted, complexed or reacted with a tethering agent. The system is particularly advantageous to removing particulate matter from a fluid waste stream following mining or ore processing operations.06-09-2011
20080307700METHOD FOR CONVERTING COAL TO COKE - A coking method comprises in combination, the steps of providing a quantity of coals, providing a quantity of chemical change agents selected from the class of chemical change agents including: (i) acrylic latex, (ii) styrene-butadiene polymers, and (iii) natural and synthetic polymers, blending said chemical change agent with water in a ratio of about 40:60 to 60:40, spraying the provided quantity of lower quality coal with the blended water and chemical change agent in a ratio of about one ton of coal plus or minus ten percent to about four gallons of blended water and chemical change agent plus or minus ten percent, baking the coated coal in a reducing, heated, oxygen-free environment, including a heating element, at a temperature of about 1700 degrees Fahrenheit, cooling the resultant higher cold strength baked product by exposing said product to a water quench or cooling said product in a dry quench box.12-18-2008
20090255173PROCESS AND EQUIPMENT FOR PRODUCING SOLID FUEL BY USING COAL AS RAW MATERIAL - The present invention provides a process and an apparatus for producing a low-pyrophoricity, transportable, storable dewatered solid fuel from a low rank coal, in which the amount of heavy oil added can be reduced.10-15-2009
20110131873SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR REMOVING FINELY DISPERSED PARTICULATE MATTER FROM A FLUID STREAM - Disclosed herein are systems for removing particulate matter from a fluid, comprising a particle functionalized by attachment of at least one activating group or amine functional group, wherein the modified particle complexes with the particulate matter within the fluid to form a removable complex therein. The particulate matter has preferably been contacted, complexed or reacted with a tethering agent. The system is particularly advantageous to removing particulate matter from a fluid waste stream following mining or ore processing operations.06-09-2011
20080307700METHOD FOR CONVERTING COAL TO COKE - A coking method comprises in combination, the steps of providing a quantity of coals, providing a quantity of chemical change agents selected from the class of chemical change agents including: (i) acrylic latex, (ii) styrene-butadiene polymers, and (iii) natural and synthetic polymers, blending said chemical change agent with water in a ratio of about 40:60 to 60:40, spraying the provided quantity of lower quality coal with the blended water and chemical change agent in a ratio of about one ton of coal plus or minus ten percent to about four gallons of blended water and chemical change agent plus or minus ten percent, baking the coated coal in a reducing, heated, oxygen-free environment, including a heating element, at a temperature of about 1700 degrees Fahrenheit, cooling the resultant higher cold strength baked product by exposing said product to a water quench or cooling said product in a dry quench box.12-18-2008
044520000 FUEL PRODUCT HAVING PASSAGEWAY FOR GAS 3
20110126452Combustible article - Disclosed is an apparatus for burning comprising a combustible body having an exterior surface and an axis extending between opposed top and bottom surfaces. The body has an interior surface defining a cavity extending from the top surface and a first blind bore extending radially from the cavity to the exterior surface wherein the interior surface includes a plurality of slots extending longitudinally therein.06-02-2011
20120304533Compact Fire Log - A fire log has one or several longitudinal incisions, which penetrate the log but do not reach the side surface and intersect in the log's midsection. A lower part of the log has at least one air duct from the side surface to the log's midsection in case the log is set on a surface which obstructs airflow to the log's lower part. The log's midsection contains an ignition device, which can be an ignition strip, tablet, briquette or other that has been permeated with an ecologically friendly inflammable substance that burns fast and evenly.12-06-2012
20120124900Single-Use Cassette and Cassette-Stove and a Method Therewith for Small Scale Combustion of Fire Wood - Present invention relates to inflammable, single-use material assembly adapted to simplify the lighting of a fire, the assembly comprising at least one top sheet and at least one bottom sheet, wherein the material assembly comprises at least one sheet of paper and at least one sheet of plastic, and in that the top and the bottom sheets are joined together face to face with pieces of wood arranged in between.05-24-2012
044608000 "LOW-RANK" COAL (E.G., LIGNITE, ETC.) 3
20090255173PROCESS AND EQUIPMENT FOR PRODUCING SOLID FUEL BY USING COAL AS RAW MATERIAL - The present invention provides a process and an apparatus for producing a low-pyrophoricity, transportable, storable dewatered solid fuel from a low rank coal, in which the amount of heavy oil added can be reduced.10-15-2009
20110131873SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR REMOVING FINELY DISPERSED PARTICULATE MATTER FROM A FLUID STREAM - Disclosed herein are systems for removing particulate matter from a fluid, comprising a particle functionalized by attachment of at least one activating group or amine functional group, wherein the modified particle complexes with the particulate matter within the fluid to form a removable complex therein. The particulate matter has preferably been contacted, complexed or reacted with a tethering agent. The system is particularly advantageous to removing particulate matter from a fluid waste stream following mining or ore processing operations.06-09-2011
20080307700METHOD FOR CONVERTING COAL TO COKE - A coking method comprises in combination, the steps of providing a quantity of coals, providing a quantity of chemical change agents selected from the class of chemical change agents including: (i) acrylic latex, (ii) styrene-butadiene polymers, and (iii) natural and synthetic polymers, blending said chemical change agent with water in a ratio of about 40:60 to 60:40, spraying the provided quantity of lower quality coal with the blended water and chemical change agent in a ratio of about one ton of coal plus or minus ten percent to about four gallons of blended water and chemical change agent plus or minus ten percent, baking the coated coal in a reducing, heated, oxygen-free environment, including a heating element, at a temperature of about 1700 degrees Fahrenheit, cooling the resultant higher cold strength baked product by exposing said product to a water quench or cooling said product in a dry quench box.12-18-2008
20090255173PROCESS AND EQUIPMENT FOR PRODUCING SOLID FUEL BY USING COAL AS RAW MATERIAL - The present invention provides a process and an apparatus for producing a low-pyrophoricity, transportable, storable dewatered solid fuel from a low rank coal, in which the amount of heavy oil added can be reduced.10-15-2009
20110131873SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR REMOVING FINELY DISPERSED PARTICULATE MATTER FROM A FLUID STREAM - Disclosed herein are systems for removing particulate matter from a fluid, comprising a particle functionalized by attachment of at least one activating group or amine functional group, wherein the modified particle complexes with the particulate matter within the fluid to form a removable complex therein. The particulate matter has preferably been contacted, complexed or reacted with a tethering agent. The system is particularly advantageous to removing particulate matter from a fluid waste stream following mining or ore processing operations.06-09-2011
20080307700METHOD FOR CONVERTING COAL TO COKE - A coking method comprises in combination, the steps of providing a quantity of coals, providing a quantity of chemical change agents selected from the class of chemical change agents including: (i) acrylic latex, (ii) styrene-butadiene polymers, and (iii) natural and synthetic polymers, blending said chemical change agent with water in a ratio of about 40:60 to 60:40, spraying the provided quantity of lower quality coal with the blended water and chemical change agent in a ratio of about one ton of coal plus or minus ten percent to about four gallons of blended water and chemical change agent plus or minus ten percent, baking the coated coal in a reducing, heated, oxygen-free environment, including a heating element, at a temperature of about 1700 degrees Fahrenheit, cooling the resultant higher cold strength baked product by exposing said product to a water quench or cooling said product in a dry quench box.12-18-2008
044628000 MISCELLANEOUS FUEL COMPOSITION 2
20090013593Fuel production from atmospheric CO2 and H20 by artificial photosynthesis and method of operation thereof - The present invention relates generally to reduction of atmospheric carbon dioxide and to fuel production, and more specifically, to carbonaceous fuel production by means of utilization of atmospheric carbon dioxide and water by “artificial photosynthesis”, as defined herein and methods of operation thereof.01-15-2009
20080236032Compositions, devices and methods for hydrogen generation - Hydrogen storage fuel compositions and devices comprising a mixture of at least one chemical hydride compound and at least one proton source, and methods for thermally initiated hydrogen generation from fuel compositions are disclosed. The fuel compositions comprise an excess of hydridic hydrogens relative to protic hydrogens. Fuel cartridges suitable for use with compositions which generate hydrogen upon the application of thermal initiation and methods for operating the fuel cartridges are also disclosed.10-02-2008
044642000 FLAME COLORANT COMPOSITION 1
20080271365Long-Lasting Flame Colorant Composition, Device, And Method Of Production - A flame colorant composition, device and method incorporate inorganic metal salt particles as flame colorants, and a drying agent. The metal salts are preferably selected from among copper chloride, lithium chloride, copper sulphate, calcium chloride, potassium chloride, strontium chloride, sodium chloride and magnesium chloride, each producing a flame of a characteristic color. The drying agent is Micro-Cell E silica, prevents particle aggregation. Preferably, the components are similarly sized particles which do not exceed 0.16 centimeters (0.0625 inches) in diameter. There is also provided a dual layer envelope containing the flame colorant mixture, the inner layer a vapour barrier and the outer layer easily combustible. The device of the present invention will produce a colored flame lasting up to thirty minutes without additional components.11-06-2008
044602000 WITH ANTIDUSTING ADDITIVE 1
20130133246Method and Apparatus For Processing a Dry Fuel - The invention relates to a method and device for processing a dry fuel, in particular a wood pallet, wherein a dust-binding additive is added to the conveying medium that transports the dry fuel. The conveying medium that transports the dry fuel comprises an air flow fed from a high-pressure or low-pressure source, the dust-binding additive being added to the air flow in the form of a mist.05-30-2013
044490000 PEAT 1
20110099893Treatment of coal - Process for treating coal to enhance its rank, wherein the temperature of the material is gradually increased in a controlled set of atmospheres, to allow for the reduction of surface and inherent moisture and the controlled reduction of volatile matter while maintaining the coal's natural structural integrity. The process reduces the time, capitalization, and production costs required to produce coal of enhanced rank, thus substantially increasing the cost effectiveness and production rate over prior processes.05-05-2011
044640000 WALL DEPOSIT PREVENTING OR REMOVING COMPOSITION (E.G., SOOT REMOVAL, ETC.) 1
20090071068Method for reducing flammable creosote and other organic deposits in fireboxes - A composition and method for creosote control in firebox flues burning solid fuels combines hydrophobic metal additives with a fire accelerant. According to certain embodiments, the compositions may inhibit corrosion of metal flues in addition to creosote deposits. When the metal salts are added to an accelerant at effective concentrations, the combination delivers the metal catalyst to the lining of the exhaust system upon combustion. As such, the metals are conveniently and efficiently transported up the flue.03-19-2009

Patent applications in all subclasses Fuel and related compositions