Patent application title: RETROFIT CAVITY WALL BARRIER
Christopher John Riggs (Dorset, GB)
IPC8 Class: AE04B170FI
Class name: Static structures (e.g., buildings) wall, ceiling, floor, or roof designed for ventilation or drainage
Publication date: 2013-10-10
Patent application number: 20130263540
A fitting (1) for a cavity wall within a building comprises elongate
member adapted to be supported within the cavity wall, two adjacent limbs
being formed with a plurality of holes (4) extending along the length of
the fitting so as to allow insulation into the fitting (1) the other
adjacent limbs form a V-shape channel top of the fitting when installed,
to collect water and to direct it to the ends of the fitting and out
through the boundary wall of the cavity wall. The fitting (1) is of
Cruciform cross-section. The fitting is placed in the cavity
retrospectively. The Cruciform is provided almost flat from a reel when
entering the cavity, then springs into the cruciform cross-section when
the elongate member is straitening in the cavity, and fit tightly within
the cavity. Further, the fitting can be inserted into the cavity wall
from inside the building or outside the building.
1. A fitting for retrospective installation in a cavity wall comprising
an elongate member for installation within the cavity, the member being
of cruciform cross section, having four limbs extending from a centre,
two adjacent ones of the four limbs each having a row of holes formed
therein to allow passage of insulation material into the spaces formed
between each holed limb and its respective other adjacent limb, the two
other adjacent limbs being adapted to form the top of the fitting when
installed, so that they form a V-shaped channel to collect water and
channel it to the end of the fitting and away from the cavity.
2. A fitting according to claim 1, which is supplied on a reel, with the cross-section flattened, whereby the fitting springs into its cruciform shape, as it straightens on insertion into the cavity space.
3. A fitting according to claim 2, each fitting being supported in the cavity from below by a plurality of support means, comprising of a metal pin or shaft extending transversely of the cavity.
4. A fitting for a cavity wall substantially as described herein.
 The present invention relates to modification of buildings with
high expose to driving rain, where the cavity wall barrier is fitted
 In a building which comprises one or more levels or floors of flats (apartments) the outer walls of the buildings are usually formed as a cavity wall defining a space between inner and outer leaves of the wall which space generally extends from top of the building to the bottom.
 The space in the cavity walls can be retro filled with insulating material.
 It is desirable to prevent any water and/or small pieces of mortar from mixing with the insulating material.
 The portions of the outer cavity wall, which coincide, with each level of flats can be selectively filled with insulation or left empty depending on the wish of the occupant/owner of each level of flats.
 According to the first aspect of the invention a fitting for retrospective installation in a cavity wall comprises an elongate member for installation within the cavity, the member being of cruciform cross section, having four limbs extending from a centre, two adjacent ones of the four limbs each having a row of holes formed therein to allow passage of insulation material into the spaces formed between each holed limb and its respective other adjacent limb, the two other adjacent limbs being adapted to form the top of the fitting when installed, so that they form a V-shaped channel to collect water and channel it to the end of the fitting and away from the cavity.
 The elongate member that is adapted to extend across the cavity the arrangement being such that water in the cavity above the fitting is collected in the limbs V-shaped channel at the top of the fitting. This provides a barrier across the cavity.
 The elongate member may preferably be of plastic, but could be metal.
 The member may not, or maybe incline with respect to the leaves of the cavity wall. This provides for a positive action in collecting water.
 The cruciform may be provided on a reel (FIG. 5), thereby rendering the cross-section of the device initially virtually flat, until insertion within the cavity, the fitting springs out into its final cruciform shape as it is straightening inside the cavity space, whereupon it adapts itself to fit tightly within the cavity, rather than it being supplied in a predetermined width for fitting in the cavity. Further, it fits tightly to the cavity walls when sliding to its final position in the cavity space.
 The holes may be uniformly spaced apart along the length of the two elongate adjacent limbs. The holes provide access for insulation to fill the spaces in the cruciform.
 A set of parts may comprise a fitting as hereinbefore defined, and a support means or supporting the fitting in position in the cavity.
 A building may comprise a cavity wall and a fitting as hereinbefore defined installed in the cavity.
 There may be a plurality of said fittings spaced just above or just below each floor line over the height of the cavity. This provides for water collection at each floor line, and the catching of small bits of mortar over the height of the cavity.
 One or each fitting may be supported in the cavity from below by a plurality of support means, comprising a pin or shaft extending transversely of the cavity, suitably, the pin or shaft made of metal.
 There may be insulation material in the cavity, which can be supported in place in the cavity by the fitting.
 Where the building is a multi-occupancy apartment building, the insulation materials may be coincident with a discrete apartment. Thus one or more other apartments may not have insulation material in the cavity at the level of that one or other apartment(s).
 The member fitting may be adapted to hold the insulating material in position in the cavity.
 The fitting may be adapted to prevent relatively small pieces of mortar from falling onto the insulation.
 A drain at each end of the fitting ejects the collected water in the top of the cruciform; this drain releases the water through the boundary wall to the outside of the cavity wall.
 In order that the invention may be more readily understood reference will now be made to the accompanying drawings, in which:
 FIG. 1 is a schematic perspective view of a fitting according to the invention;
 FIG. 2 is a schematic end view of the fitting illustrated in FIG. 1;
 FIG. 3 is a diagrammatic view of a building containing several floors/levels of flats (apartments) and an out cavity wall and showing the fitting illustrated in FIGS. 1 and 2 in position in the cavity wall, and
 FIG. 4 shows a schematic view of a further embodiment of fitting according to the invention installed in the cavity wall, with the collected water.
 FIG. 5 shows a schematic view of the fitting entering the cavity from a reel.
 With reference to FIGS. 1 and 2 the fitting 1 comprises of elongate member 2 and 3 in the form of a plastic or metal. To form a structure with a cruciform cross section as clearly illustrated in FIG. 2. One member 2 is formed with one row of holes 4 extending along its length while the other member 3 is formed with one row of holes 4. The holes 4 are approximately 15 mm in diameter at approximately 150 mm centres. It fits tightly across a cavity (see FIG. 3).
 FIG. 3 illustrates diagrammatically a building having several levels of flats (apartments) 11, 12 and 13 extending between cavity walls one of which is illustrated at 14 and which has inner 14: and outer 14'' leaves defining a cavity 14'''' therebetween. The cavity wall 14'''' is adapted to be filled with insulation material 15 at a later stage. For example, the occupants of flat 12 may want cavity wall insulation material whereas the occupants of flats 11 and 13 may not want the insulation material.
 The fittings 1 is adapted to be fitted into the cavity by making a hole in the inner or outer wall and inserting the fitting in one or both directions to spring tightly into cavity 14''''. The spaces between the fittings 1 may be filled with insulating material or left empty as required.
 The fittings 1 are designed to operate as follows:
 If water falls down within the cavity wall it will fall into the top of the fitting and will collect in the top of member 2 and member 3 and then flow to the end of the fitting and out through the boundary wall of the cavity wall, and being directed away from the cavity 14'''' by fitting 1.
 If any loose material falls down within the cavity wall, it will fall into and be retained by the top (as viewed) FIG. 4, and will not contaminate or form a bridge on the top of any insulating material positioned below the fitting.
 With reference to FIG. 4, in which like parts are indicated by reference numerals, there is for a fitting 1 support means 16 in the form of a pin or shaft (of metal in the embodiment) which extends transversely of the cavity 14'''' and is mounted at each end in the mortar 17 of the respective leaves 14'', 14'' of the cavity wall 14. The support means 16 is a rod, pin or shaft of metal, galvanized or of stainless steel, and supports the fitting 1 as by that fitting resting on it in the cavity 14''
 With reference to FIG. 5 it shows fitting 1 on a reel entering cavity 14''''
 It will be understood that reference to "water" herein includes liquid water and water vapour in the cavity that condenses to form liquid water in the cavity.
 It is also understood that the fitting as hereinbefore described with reference to the drawings may be incorporated in an existing cavity wall retrospectively.
Patent applications in class WALL, CEILING, FLOOR, OR ROOF DESIGNED FOR VENTILATION OR DRAINAGE
Patent applications in all subclasses WALL, CEILING, FLOOR, OR ROOF DESIGNED FOR VENTILATION OR DRAINAGE