Patent application title: PERSISTENT AND FAST ACTING ANTISEPTICS AND DISINFECTANTS BASED ON CALCIUM FLOURIDE
Fridolin Voegeli (Thalwil, CH)
Frank Flechsig (Wohlen, CH)
Thomas Flechsig (Hermetschwil, CH)
IPC8 Class: AA01N5910FI
Class name: Drug, bio-affecting and body treating compositions preparations characterized by special physical form biocides; animal or insect repellents or attractants (e.g., disinfectants, pesticides, etc.)
Publication date: 2013-10-03
Patent application number: 20130259917
Antiseptic compounds that act as persistent and fast acting antiseptics
and disinfectants. The base of these antiseptic actions is CaF2 as
the persistent part, preventing the colonization of tissue and nonliving
surfaces with microorganisms through the targeted on-demand release of
fluorine ions. For fighting heavy contamination and invasion of transient
microbes through new application of the solution, fast acting alcohols
and toxic solutions have been added in small percentage. They act fast
and evaporate fast, leaving the natural protection of skin undamaged and
coated with a persistent antiseptic.
1. An antiseptic compound formulation for topical application to human
and animal skin, comprising as base a natural mineral from the group of
2. The compound of claim 1 comprising CaF2 in its natural form as fine powder fluorspar.
3. The compound of claim 2 wherein the fluorspar powder has a fineness of 0.25-5.0 microns.
4. The compound of claim 2 wherein the fluorspar powder has a fineness of 0.5-2.5 microns.
5. The antiseptic compound of claim 1 further comprising antiseptics chosen from the group comprising alcohol, iodine, or chlorine.
6. The antiseptic compound of claim 3 further comprising fungicide drugs.
7. The antiseptic compound of claim 4 further comprising esters of salicylic acid.
8. The antiseptic compound of claim 4 added to the group comprising paint, varnish, plaster, or gypsum.
9. The antiseptic compound of claim 4 in the form of a gel.
10. The antiseptic compound of claim 4 added to alginate containing components.
11. The antiseptic compound of claim 4 added to aqueous gels to be used as protection against dryness, rough surface and microbes in daily hair care and professional hairdressing.
12. The antiseptic compound of claim 4 mixed with water and alcohol to be used in an automatic dispenser.
13. The antiseptic compound of claim 4 mixed with some sticking latex solution.
14. The antiseptic compound of claim 4 mixed with drinking water for digestion by animals.
15. The disinfecting compound of claim 3 applied to rubber and polymer as a filler or sealing agent.
CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS
 This application is a continuation of U.S. patent application Ser. No. 12/882,296 filed Sep. 15, 2010, which claims priority of U.S. Provisional Patent Applications Ser. No. 61/242,417 filed Sep. 15, 2009; Ser. No. 61/247,675 filed Oct. 1, 2009; and Ser. No. 61/351,392 filed Jun. 4, 2010, which are incorporated herein by reference.
FIELD OF THE INVENTION
 The present invention relates to antiseptic solution compositions useful in medical clinical and in public environments for topical and systemic disinfection.
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
 Antiseptics are antimicrobial chemical substances that are applied to living tissue/skin to reduce the possibility of infection, sepsis or putrefaction caused by microorganisms, and disinfectants destroy microorganisms found on nonliving objects.
 In the second half of the nineteenth century, inspired by Louis Pasteur's germ theory of disease, the doctors Lister, Semmelweis, Tichenor and others introduced antiseptic treatment and surgical methods into their daily work and initiated a completely new quality of medicine: open wounds, surgery, and infectious diseases no longer led to painful death but were cured through topical antiseptics, and later by internal antibiotics.
 Many powerful and fast acting antiseptics have been developed by chemists and applied by doctors and households; some have been abandoned because they produced side effects, others because they were just too inexpensive and not sufficiently profitable to the medical industry; a handful, mainly alcohol based antiseptics, became standards.
 From the beginning Pasteur and his followers stipulated that disinfection and antiseptic methods are not 100% effective procedures and have to be verified and classified using the "killing rate" on the specific microorganisms reached and attacked by the disinfecting agent. Today we apply "fast acting" and "persistent" topical antiseptics that all should be "broad spectrum", i.e. effective against a variety of microorganisms. Fast acting antiseptics are measured by significant reduction in strength determined by cultures obtained a few moments (less than minutes) following application of the antiseptic.
 The quality of "persistence" refers to the ability of the antiseptic to continue to kill once it is applied and is due to the retention or binding of the chemical in the stratum corneum of the skin after partial evaporation and after rinsing. It is measured by the time for the micro-flora to be restored to the baseline which existed before the application.
 Currently there are several fast acting antiseptics, effective within 20 seconds against transient microorganisms which could cause infections. Most of these antiseptics are based on alcohols, iodine solutions, or chlorides. However all these fast acting antiseptics cannot prevent fast repopulation of the depleted (mainly evaporated) "killing ground" where also all the natural body protection (fatty acids, different salts, regulated pH 5.4-5.5) against invasions has been destroyed.
 Persistence, as applied in food industry or exhibited in ancient embalming practices, has remained an elusive goal of medical antiseptic technology. Regulating bodies like the FDA have required persistence since the 1970s for any new antiseptic to be approved, with very little response, actually enhancing the utilization of outdated, nonpersistent, alcohol based disinfectants. Additional regulations for new antiseptics to be tested and evaluated as "medications", in lengthy and costly clinical trials, led to an end to all small enterprise chemical development and production of innovative disinfectants.
 Nature has produced the bill: The surviving microorganisms evolved to develop resistance to short acting threats that allow them to immediately recolonize the tissue cleansed by the short persistence antimicrobials with the next transient flora from the next patient or from the next hand grip.
 Best practice now requires doctors and care personnel to wash their hands with antiseptics before and after each patient, X times a day! The campaign "Clean Hands" in German hospitals mounted dispenser bottles for disinfectants on each patient's bed, because the walk to the room's door and back would add up to miles and hours every day. But the doctors and caregivers just cannot do it X times a day without heavy damage to their skin and their health. Compliance therefore remains low and the microorganisms are "taking over": In Germany every year some 800,000 patients (1 out of 20!) fall seriously ill by in-hospital infections; the number of fatal casualties are kept secret by the hospital companies.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
 The present invention is therefore directed to novel antiseptics and disinfectants which have been designed "bottom up" based on minerals that act as persistent "aseptics" and prevent microorganism from colonizing nonliving surfaces and skin tissue, while maintaining and eventually enforcing the skin's natural protection flora and mechanisms.
 In addition to this persistent preventive action, when heavy contamination and invasion of transient microbes requires a new application of the solution, fast acting alcohols and toxic solutions have been added in small percentage. They act fast on the new microorganisms and then evaporate fast, without damaging the natural protection of skin and persistent antiseptic.
 The compounds of the present invention include:
1) As a base, a natural fine mineral, preferably calcium fluoride (CaF2), which exhibits a high killing rate on most microorganisms. This mineral is extremely persistent, sticking to the skin or to surface paints for long periods and releasing its killing fluorine ions only "on demand" when there is moisture and warmth. The mineral is extremely stable, releasing into aqueous solution only 16 mg/l water (=16 ppm) and rebinding immediately when the surface becomes dry again. (CaF2 is mined underground in Germany; in some of these mines underground ponds with water thousands of years old are used as miraculous "fountains of youth" and health baths by the local population.) The CaF2 is used in a fine milled form with particles in the range of 0.25-5.0 microns and preferably 0.5-2.5 microns. 2) When in solution CaF2 also releases calcium ions, basic building blocks for skin, bones, teeth, and other body tissues, enforcing them against any damage and supporting the healing and recovery of cuts, abrasion, and general wounds. This free calcium captures other fluorine ions that could be harmful in too high doses. 3) CaF2 has the same pH 5.4 as normal skin (pH 5.4-5.5). It does not degrade the self-defense mechanisms of the skin, as do soaps. 4) Highly toxic and therefore highly efficient antiseptics are added in very low percentage, initiating and amplifying fast antiseptic action on microorganisms when newly applied as a wash to the tissue: e.g. 0.2-2.0% Eau de Javel (KClO) or 10% ethanol work well. In medical hand wash they act fast, then evaporate and release the skin surface with no damage, with the persistent CaF2 still in place. 5) Well known and accepted drugs are added in low percentage, to stabilize and prevent growth of multi-cellular microorganisms like fungi and mildew that are not attacked by the basic CaF2 ions, thus making the compound really "broad spectrum": e.g. 0.6% esters of salicylic acids work well as fungicide in this compound.
 After medical investigation, treatment, or transport, the caregivers can wash their hands X times a day with a new hand wash of these compounds: new transient microbes are killed fast, recolonization is still prevented by the updated CaF2+layer.
 The following tables show some formulations of the present invention with different grade of skin/tissue protection and cure.
Formulation for CaF2--Based Antiseptic Spray
 Active Agent Mass % mg/l Solubility H2O (water) 98 980000 CaF2 (calcium fluoride) 0.005 50 16 ppm Cinnamic acid 0.05 500 high Aspirin ester 0.25 2500 high Quinic acid 0.1 1000 very high NaOCl (Javel water 2.5%) 0.075 750 as ester H2O2 (hydrogen peroxide 27%) 1.2 12000 very high Citric acid 0.42 4200 very high
 Antimicrobial efficacy of the spray has been improved by adding aspirin ester, cinnamic acid, quinic acid, citric acid, and hydrogen peroxide into very low concentration watery solutions, mixing in CaF2 oversaturated with Javel water, all finally stabilized with citric acids.
 The different components act differently and the resulting spray shows excellent short time action of >log 7 and long time persistency of >log 3.
TABLE-US-00002 Time 1 Min Time 5 Min Test Microbes [log-grade] [log-grade] Staphylococcus aureus >7.00 >7.00 Pseudomonas aeruginosa >7.26 >7.26 Candida albicans >4.87 >4.87 Aspergillus niger >4.61 Duration Component Microbial Efficacy of Effects H2O (water) none, carrier only CaF2 (calcium bactericide, virucide, fungicide medium to fluoride) extreme long Cinnamic acid bactericide, virucide, fungicide short to long Aspirin ester bactericide, virucide, fungicide short to long Quinic acid bactericide, virucide, fungicide short to medium NaOCl (Javel water) bactericide, virucide, fungicide short to medium H2O2 (hydrogen bactericide, virucide, fungicide short peroxide) Citric acid bactericide, virucide, fungicide short to medium short = within 60 sec up to max 5 min medium = over 5 min up to 1 hour long = over 1 hour up to 4 hours extreme long = over 4 hours
Acute Toxicology of Active Components:
 In Application LD 50 Oral on Component mg/l [mg/3 ml] Rats [mg/kg] CaF2 (calcium fluoride) 50 0.15 4500 Cinnamic acid 500 1.5 2500 Aspirin ester 2500 7.5 200 Quinic acid 1000 3.0 >8000 NaOCl (Javel water) 750 2.25 2000 H2O2 (hydrogen peroxide) 12000 36 2000 Citric acid 4000 12.6 3000
Permitted toxicity levels for all agents are far above actual application. The product will never have toxic effects in humans, even not in repeated use. On the skin: NO irritation Allergization: NO allergizations reported.
Natural Origins of Active Agents for Disinfection and Medical Cosmetics
 Agent Origins Calcium fluoride from the mountains: as mineral fluorspar Cinnamic acid from plants: barks, flowers, tanning agents cinnamon, aniseed, chamomile Aspirin ester from plants: barks, tanning agents willow tree, bamboo, ribwort Quinic acid from plants: barks, flowers, tanning agents cinchona bark, stinging nettles cranberry, blueberry, generally from the fruits of a lot of shrubs Citric acid from plants: pins of most pinewoods citrus, berries, fruits, mushrooms Alginate from the sea: brown alga crust Sea salt from the sea: e.g. from the Dead Sea
Formulation for CaF2-Based Wound Gel (1000 g)
 Alginate 23 g 2.3% skin/tissue cure Salicylic acid ester 6 g 0.6% fungicide Ethanol 20 g 2.0% log 6, fast acting CaF2 5 g 0.5% log 3, persistent CaSO4 3 g 0.3% skin/tissue cure Pure water 944 g 99.4%
Formulation for CaF2-Based Hair Gel (1000 g)
 Alginate 17 g 1.7% skin/tissue cure Salicylic acid ester 6 g 0.6% fungicide Isopropyl alcohol 13 g 1.3% log 6, fast acting CaF2 5 g 0.5% log 3, persistent CaSO4 2 g 0.2% skin/tissue cure Pure water 957 g 95.7%
Formulation for CaF2-Based Medical Hand Disinfection Spray (1000 g)
 Alginate 3 g 0.3% skin/tissue cure Salicylic acid ester 6 g 0.6% fungicide Ethanol (pharma grade) 100 g 10.0% log 6, fast acting Javel water 8 g 0.8% log 6, fast acting CaF2 3 g 0.3% log 3, persistent CaSO4 1 g 0.1% skin/tissue cure Pure water 879 g 87.9%
 The persistent antiseptics of the present invention may be used in a variety of forms. For example, the compounds may be added to paint, varnish, plaster, or gypsum to produce structural surfaces having antiseptic and/or fungicidal properties. They may be produced in conventional gel or cream form providing their antiseptic infection-preventing properties in a manner for easy application to the skin. They may be added to common alginate containing components like calcium alginate to produce medical healing and curing creams for open skin wounds or dry skin. They may be added to aqueous gels to produce hair care compounds which act as protection against dryness, rough surface, and microbes. They may be mixed with water and a small percentage of alcohol for use in an automatic dispenser or nebulizer. They may be mixed with latex solutions for use in outdoor applications such as spraying fruit trees against blight. They may be mixed with drinking water for provision to animals which are otherwise easily infested by microbes, such as European honeybees. They may be applied to rubber and polymer as a filler or sealing agent for use in such products as handgrips and handlebars, elevator handrails, and the like, thereby providing persistent protection against bacterial proliferation.
Patent applications by Frank Flechsig, Wohlen CH
Patent applications by Fridolin Voegeli, Thalwil CH
Patent applications by Thomas Flechsig, Hermetschwil CH
Patent applications in class Biocides; animal or insect repellents or attractants (e.g., disinfectants, pesticides, etc.)
Patent applications in all subclasses Biocides; animal or insect repellents or attractants (e.g., disinfectants, pesticides, etc.)