Patent application title: LENTIVIRAL VECTORS THAT PROVIDE IMPROVED EXPRESSION AND REDUCED VARIEGATION AFTER TRANSGENESIS
Patrick Stern (Cambridge, MA, US)
Stephen Kissler (Prevessin-Moens, FR)
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
IPC8 Class: AC12N15867FI
Class name: Multicellular living organisms and unmodified parts thereof and related processes nonhuman animal transgenic nonhuman animal (e.g., mollusks, etc.)
Publication date: 2013-01-24
Patent application number: 20130024958
The present invention provides new lentiviral vectors that include an
anti-repressor element (ARE) and, optionally, a scaffold attachment
region (SAR). The lentiviral vectors provide expression of a heterologous
nucleic acid in at least 50% of the cells of multiple cell types when
used for lentiviral transgenesis. In certain embodiments of the invention
the heterologous nucleic acid encodes an RNAi agent such as an shRNA. The
invention further provides transgenic nonhuman animals generated using a
lentiviral vector that includes an ARE and optional SAR. In addition, the
invention provides a variety of methods for using the vectors including
for achieving gene silencing in eukaryotic cells and transgenic animals,
and methods of treating disease. The invention also provides animal
models of human disease in which one or more genes is functionally
silenced using a lentiviral vector of the invention.
1. A lentiviral vector comprising a nucleic acid comprising (i) a
eukaryotic anti-repressor element (ARE); and (ii) sequences sufficient
for reverse transcription and packaging, wherein said sequences are at
least in part derived from a lentivirus.
2. The lentiviral vector of claim 1, wherein the ARE is derived from either human or mouse genome.
3. The lentiviral vector of claim 1, wherein the nucleic acid comprises a eukaryotic scaffold attachment region (SAR).
4. The lentiviral vector of claim 1, wherein the ARE is ARE 40 or a functional portion thereof.
5. The lentiviral vector of claim 1, wherein the ARE is selected from the group consisting of human and mouse ARE 40 or a functional portion thereof.
6. The lentiviral vector of claim 1, wherein the nucleic acid comprises the IFN-.beta. SAR or a functional portion thereof.
7. The lentiviral vector of claim 1, wherein the lentiviral derived sequences are derived from HIV-1.
8. The lentiviral vector of claim 1, wherein the nucleic acid comprises a lentiviral FLAP element and an expression-enhancing posttranscriptional regulatory element.
9. The lentiviral vector of claim 1, wherein the nucleic acid comprises a self-inactivating (SIN) LTR.
10. The lentiviral vector of claim 1, wherein the vector is a lentiviral transfer plasmid or an infectious lentiviral particle.
13. The lentiviral vector of claim 1, wherein the nucleic acid further comprises a regulatory sequence sufficient for transcription, wherein the regulatory sequence is flanked by lentivirus derived sequences.
15. The lentiviral vector of claim 13, wherein the nucleic acid comprises a SAR and the regulatory sequence is located between the ARE and the SAR.
29. A kit comprising the lentiviral vector of claim 1.
38. A cell comprising the lentiviral vector of claim 1 or at least some lentiviral sequences derived from the lentiviral vector.
40. A transgenic animal, at least some of whose cells contain the lentiviral vector of claim 1 or at least some lentiviral sequences derived therefrom.
42. A method of expressing a heterologous nucleic acid in a target cell comprising: introducing a lentiviral vector of claim 1 into the target cell, wherein the lentiviral vector comprises a nucleic acid comprising regulatory sequences for transcription operably linked to a heterologous nucleic acid; and expressing the heterologous nucleic acid in the cell.
45. A method of silencing a gene in a target cell comprising: introducing a lentiviral vector of claim 1 into the target cell, wherein the lentiviral vector comprises a nucleic acid comprising regulatory sequences for transcription operably linked to a nucleic acid that encodes an RNAi agent targeted to the gene; and expressing the nucleic acid in the cell, thereby producing an RNAi agent that inhibits expression of the target gene.
48. A method of creating an animal model of a disease comprising: creating a transgenic nonhuman animal using the lentiviral vector of claim 1, wherein the lentiviral vector comprises a disease-associated gene.
49. A method of creating an animal model of a disease comprising: creating a transgenic nonhuman animal using the lentiviral vector of claim 1, wherein the lentiviral vector encodes an RNAi agent targeted to a disease-associated gene.
50. A transgenic nonhuman animal that expresses a lentivirally transferred transgene, wherein at least 50% of the cells of 2, 3, 4, or more different cell types in the animal express the transgene.
 The present application is related to and claims priority under 35 U.S.C. §119(e) to U.S. Ser. No. 60/783,449, filed Mar. 17, 2006 (the '449 application). The entire contents of the '449 application are incorporated herein by reference.
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
 Viral vectors are efficient gene delivery tools in eukaryotic cells. Retroviruses have proven to be versatile and effective gene transfer vectors for a variety of applications since they are easy to manipulate, typically do not induce a strong anti-viral immune response, and are able to integrate into the genome of a host cell, leading to stable gene expression. If provided with an appropriate envelope, retroviruses can infect almost any type of cell. Due to these advantages, a large number of retroviral vectors have been developed for in vitro gene transfer. In addition, use of retroviruses for purposes such as the creation of transgenic or knockout animals or for gene therapy has been explored.
 Considerable attention has focused on lentiviruses, a group of complex retroviruses that includes the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). In addition to the major retroviral genes gag, pol, and env, lentiviruses typically include genes that play regulatory or structural roles. Unlike simple retroviruses, lentiviruses are able to integrate into the genome of non-dividing cells and are thus particularly appealing for applications in which it is desired to transduce a wide variety of cell types. Accordingly, a variety of lentiviral vectors have been developed, and their use for a variety of purposes including creating transgenic animals has been described. However, it has been noted that expression of heterologous sequences by such transgenic animals can be variable both among different cell types or lineages and among cells of a single type or lineage (Lois, 2002; Lu, 2004).
 RNA interference (RNAi) has emerged as a rapid and efficient means to silence gene function in eukaryotic (e.g. mammalian and avian) cells. Short interfering RNAs (siRNAs) can silence gene expression in a sequence-specific manner when delivered to mammalian cells. Intracellular expression of short hairpin RNAs (shRNAs) also results in efficient silencing of target genes. However, the use of RNAi, particularly RNAi resulting from expression of transgenes encoding shRNAs in transgenic organisms, has not yet achieved its full promise. Accordingly, there is a need in the art for improved reagents and methods that would facilitate the use of RNAi in transgenic organisms.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
 The present invention provides novel lentiviral vectors and methods of use thereof. In one aspect, the invention provides lentiviral vectors comprising nucleic acid comprising (i) a eukaryotic anti-repressor element (ARE); and (ii) sequences sufficient for reverse transcription and packaging, wherein said sequences are, at least in part, derived from a lentivirus. In certain embodiments of the invention the nucleic acid further comprises a eukaryotic scaffold attachment region (SAR). In certain embodiments of the invention the ARE is derived from either human or mouse genome. The lentiviral vector may be a lentiviral transfer plasmid or an infectious lentiviral particle.
 In some aspects, the invention provides cells, e.g., mammalian or avian cells that comprise inventive lentiviral vectors or at least some lentiviral sequences derived therefrom, e.g., a provirus derived therefrom. The invention further provides transgenic non-human animals whose genome comprises a lentivirally transferred transgene and at least some lentiviral sequences. The invention further provides methods for making transgenic non-human animals, the cells of which comprise a lentivirally transferred transgene and at least some lentiviral sequences.
 In some aspects, the invention provides methods of expressing a heterologous nucleic acid in a target cell comprising (i) introducing a lentiviral vector of the invention into a target cell, wherein the lentiviral vector comprises a nucleic acid comprising regulatory sequences for transcription operably linked to a heterologous nucleic acid; and (ii) expressing the heterologous nucleic acid in the cell. In certain embodiments of the invention, the heterologous nucleic acid encodes an RNAi agent, e.g., an shRNA.
 In some aspects, the invention provides methods of silencing a gene in a target cell comprising (i) introducing a lentiviral vector of the invention into a target cell, wherein the lentiviral vector comprises a nucleic acid comprising regulatory sequences for transcription operably linked to a nucleic acid that encodes an RNAi agent targeted to the gene; and (ii) expressing the nucleic acid in the cell, thereby producing an RNAi agent that inhibits expression of the target gene. The RNAi agent may be an shRNA. The target gene may be a disease-associated gene.
 The invention further provides a transgenic nonhuman animal that expresses a lentivirally transferred transgene, wherein at least 50% of the cells of 2, 3, 4, or more different cell types in an animal express the transgene. In certain embodiments of the invention, the transgene is expressed in at least 50% of peripheral white blood cells, e.g., between 50% and 90% of peripheral white blood cells express the transgene. In certain embodiments of the invention, between 50% and 90% of the cells of 2, 3, 4, or more different cell types in an animal express the transgene.
 The invention provides methods of creating infectious lentiviral particles and of creating producer cell lines that produce infectious lentiviral particles. Lentiviral particles may, but need not be, derived from lentiviral transfer plasmids, described herein.
 The invention further provides methods for expressing a heterologous nucleic acid in a target cell comprising introducing a lentiviral vector of the invention into a target cell and expressing a heterologous nucleic acid therein. In various embodiments of the invention, the heterologous nucleic acid is operably linked to a constitutive, a regulatable, or a cell type specific, lineage specific, or tissue specific promoter, allowing conditional expression of the nucleic acid.
 In one aspect, the invention provides methods for achieving controlled expression of a heterologous nucleic acid in a cell comprising steps of: (i) introducing a lentiviral vector of the invention that comprises a heterologous nucleic acid located between sites for a recombinase to a cell and; (ii) subsequently inducing expression of the recombinase within the cell, thereby preventing expression of the heterologous nucleic acid within the cell.
 In another aspect, the invention provides a lentiviral vector comprising a nucleic acid that comprises an ARE and, optionally, a SAR, wherein the lentiviral vector comprises regulatory sequences for transcription operably linked to a nucleic acid segment that encodes an RNAi agent or strand thereof. Following introduction of the vector into a cell, transcription of one or more ribonucleic acids (RNAs) that self-hybridize or hybridize to each other results in formation of an RNAi agent such as a short hairpin RNA (shRNA) or short interfering RNA (siRNA) that inhibits expression of at least one target transcript in the cell. In certain embodiments of the invention, the lentiviral vector comprises a nucleic acid segment operably linked to a promoter, so that transcription directed by the promoter results in synthesis of an RNA comprising complementary regions that hybridize to form an shRNA targeted to a target transcript. According to certain embodiments of the invention, an shRNA comprises a base-paired region between about 17-29 nucleotides in length, e.g., approximately 19 nucleotides long. In certain embodiments of the invention, a lentiviral vector comprises a nucleic acid segment flanked by two promoters in opposite orientation, wherein the promoters are operably linked to the nucleic acid segment, so that transcription from the promoters results in synthesis of two complementary RNAs that hybridize with each other to form an siRNA targeted to the target transcript. According to certain embodiments of the invention, an siRNA comprises a base-paired region between about 17-29 nucleotides in length, e.g., approximately 19 nucleotides long. In certain embodiments of the invention, a lentiviral vector comprises at least two promoters and at least two nucleic acid segments, wherein each promoter is operably linked to a nucleic acid segment, so that transcription from the promoters results in synthesis of two complementary RNAs that hybridize with each other to form an siRNA targeted to the target transcript.
 Lentiviral vectors of the invention may be lentiviral transfer plasmids or infectious lentiviral particles. Where reference is made herein to elements such as cloning sites, promoters, regulatory elements, heterologous nucleic acids, etc., it is to be understood that the sequences of these elements are present in RNA form in the lentiviral particles of the invention and are present in DNA form in the DNA plasmids of the invention. Furthermore, where a sequence such as a sequence that encodes an RNAi agent is provided to a cell by a lentiviral particle, it is understood that the lentiviral RNA must undergo reverse transcription and second strand synthesis to produce DNA.
 The invention further provides pharmaceutical compositions comprising any of the inventive lentiviral vectors and one or more pharmaceutically acceptable carriers.
 The invention includes a variety of therapeutic applications for inventive lentiviral vectors. In particular, lentiviral vectors are useful for gene therapy. The invention provides methods of treating and/or preventing infection by an infectious agent, the method comprising administering to a subject prior to, simultaneously with, or after exposure of the subject to the infectious agent a composition comprising an effective amount of a lentiviral vector, wherein the lentiviral vector directs transcription of at least one RNA that hybridizes to form an shRNA or siRNA that is targeted to a transcript produced during infection by the infectious agent, which transcript is characterized in that reduction in levels of the transcript delays, prevents, and/or inhibits one or more aspects of infection by and/or replication of the infectious agent.
 The invention provides methods of treating a disease or clinical condition, the method comprising: (i) removing a population of cells from a subject at risk of or suffering from the disease or clinical condition; (ii) engineering or manipulating the cells to comprise an effective amount of an RNAi agent targeted to a transcript by infecting or transfecting the cells with a lentiviral vector, wherein the transcript is characterized in that its degradation delays, prevents, and/or inhibits one or more aspects of the disease or clinical condition; (iii) and returning at least a portion of the cells to the subject. Suitable lentiviral vectors are described herein. Without limitation, therapeutic approaches may find particular use in diseases such as cancer, in which a mutation in a cellular gene is responsible for or contributes to the pathogenesis of the disease, and in which specific inhibition of the target transcript bearing the mutation may be achieved by expressing an RNAi agent targeted to the target transcript within the cells, without interfering with expression of the normal (i.e. non-mutated) allele. According to certain embodiments of the invention, rather than removing cells from the body of a subject, infecting or transfecting them in tissue culture, and then returning them to the subject, inventive lentiviral vectors or lentiviruses are delivered directly to the subject.
 In certain embodiments of the invention, lentiviral vectors are an improvement relative to lentiviral vectors known in the art in at least one of the following respects: (i) they comprise an ARE and, in certain embodiments a SAR; (ii) they provide enhanced expression after lentiviral transgenesis; (iii) the provide reduced variegation after lentiviral transgenesis. In certain embodiments of the invention the transgenie animals are an improvement relative to transgenic animals generated using lentiviral vectors known in the art in at least one of the following respects: (i) they comprise higher percentages of cells (e.g., cells of at least 1, 2, 3, 4, or more cell types) that express a transgene of interest than do transgenic animals generated using lentiviral vectors known in the art; (ii) they comprise higher percentages of cells (e.g., cells of at least 1, 2, 3, 4, or more cell types) in which expression of a gene of interest is inhibited by a lentivirally transferred RNAi agent than do transgenic animals generated using lentiviral vectors known in the art; (iii) they display reduced variegation relative to transgenic animals generated using lentiviral vectors known in the art.
 This application refers to various patents, journal articles, and other publications, all of which are incorporated herein by reference. In addition, the following publications are incorporated herein by reference: Current Protocols in Molecular Biology, Current Protocols in Immunology, Current Protocols in Protein Science, and Current Protocols in Cell Biology, John Wiley & Sons, N.Y., edition as of July 2002; Sambrook, Russell, and Sambrook, Molecular Cloning: A Laboratory Manual, 3rd ed., Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, Cold Spring Harbor, 2001; Sohail, M. (ed.) Gene silencing by RNA interference: technology and application, Boca Raton, Fla.: CRC Press, 2005; Engelke, D R (ed.) RNA interference (RNAi): nuts & bolts of RNAi technology; Eagleville, Pa.: DNA Press, 2003. In the event of a conflict or inconsistency between any of the incorporated references and the instant specification or the understanding of one of ordinary skill in the art, the specification shall control. The determination of whether a conflict or inconsistency exists is within the discretion of the inventors and can be made at any time.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING
 FIG. 1: Map of the lentivirus vector pLL3.7.
 FIG. 2: Schematic diagrams of the HIV provirus (upper panel) and relevant portions of representative packaging and Env-coding plasmids (middle and lower panels, respectively) for a three plasmid system.
 FIG. 3: Structure of an exemplary siRNA.
 FIG. 4: Schematic diagrams of structures of a variety of exemplary shRNAs.
 FIG. 5: Schematic diagram of a nucleic acid that can serve as a template for transcription of an RNA that hybridizes to form an shRNA and shows the RNA before and after hybridization.
 FIG. 6a: Schematic representation of a portion of the lentivirus vector pLL3.7. Key: SIN-LTR: self-inactivating long terminal repeat; Ψ: HIV packaging signal; cPPT: central polypurine tract; U6: U6 (RNA polymerase III) promoter; MCS: multiple cloning site; CMV: cytomegalovirus (RNA polymerase II) promoter; EGFP: enhanced green fluorescent protein; WRE: woodchuck hepatitis virus response element.
 FIG. 6b: Sequence of the CD8 stem loop used to generate pLL3.7 CD8. A sequence known to silence CD8 as an siRNA (McManus, 2002) was adapted with a loop sequence (from Paddison, 2002) to create the final sequence. The presumed transcription initiation site is indicated by a+1. Nucleotides which form the loop structure are indicated (loop). A pol III terminator (a sequence of Us in the RNA) is indicated (terminator).
 FIG. 6c: Predicted structure of the CD8 stem-loop RNA produced from pLL3.7 CD8.
 FIG. 6d: Nramp1 stem loop sequence used to generate pLB-Nramp1-915. The presumed transcription initiation site is indicated by a+1. Nucleotides which form the loop structure are indicated (loop). The poi III terminator (a sequence of Us in the RNA) is indicated (terminator). The lower portion of the figure shows the Nramp1 shRNA predicted to form following transcription.
 FIGS. 7a-7d: Protective effect of the B10-derived Idd5.2 allele. (a) Schematic representation of the Idd5.1 (2.1 Mb) and Idd5.2 (1.52 Mb) B10-derived regions (filled area) on chromosome 1 in NOD congenic mice. The Idd5.2 region contains 42 genes, including Nramp1. F1 mice are B10 homozygous at Idd5.1 and heterozygous at Idd5.2. (b) Percent survival over time in Idd5.1 Idd5.1/Idd5.2 (n=55), and F1 (n=71) mice. (c) Schematic representation of the chromosome 1 region in Idd5.2 congenic mice. Filled regions are B10-derived. (d) Percent survival over time in NOD (n=67), Idd5.2 (n=67), and Idd5.2 heterozygous (n=53) female mice. Differences were analyzed using the Gehan-Wilcoxon test: NOD vs. Idd5.1 P<0.0001; NOD vs. NODx Idd5.2 P=0.0021; Idd5.2 vs. NOD xldd5.2 P=0.0521.
 FIGS. 8a-8d: Design of a lentiviral vector for Nramp1 knock-down and demonstration of its effectiveness in reducing Nramp1 levels in hematopoietic cells in) transgenic mice created using the vector. (a) Peripheral blood from a pLL3.7-CD8 shRNA lentiviral transgenic NOD mouse (right panels) and a non-transgenic littermate (left panels) was analyzed by flow cytometry. Top panels: CD3 expression in the lymphocyte population. Middle panels: CD4 and GFP expression (gated on CD4.sup.+ cells). Bottom panels: CD8 and GFP expression (gated on CD8.sup.+ cells). (b) Schematic representation of pLL3.7 and of the new pLB vector that comprises the anti-repressor element #40 and scaffold-attached region (SAR). U6 and CMV promoters drive shRNA and GFP expression, respectively. (c) Peripheral blood from a pLB lentiviral transgenic NOD mouse (right panels) and a non-transgenic littermate (left panels) was stained for TCR (T cell marker), B220 (B cell marker) and CD11b (macrophage marker) for analysis by flow cytometry. The top, middle and bottom panels are gated on TCR.sup.+, B220.sup.+, and B220.sup.- CD11b.sup.+ cells, respectively. Lineage marker and GFP expression are shown for each population. (d) 293FT cells were co-transfected with a Renilla/firefly dual-luciferase reporter, in which Nramp1 cDNA was present or absent, together with pLB vectors comprising different shRNA sequences against Nramp1. Relative luminescence units (RLU) generated by Renilla luciferase activity for each lysate (normalized for firefly luciferase activity) are shown +/-SEM.
 FIG. 9a: Variegated expression in pLL3.7 transgenic mice as demonstrated by analysis of GFP expression in the peripheral blood of a pLL3.7 transgenic male founder and of its progeny by flow cytometry. Percentage GFP-positive cells is indicated for each sample.
 FIG. 9b: Lentiviral construct expression in pLB-915 transgenic founder. Flow cytometry of peripheral blood cells from the pLB-915 transgenic founder Idd5.1 congenic mouse (right panels) and non-transgenic littermate (left panels). Panels from top to bottom were gated on B cells (B220.sup.+), T cells (CD4.sup.+ and CD8.sup.+), and macrophages (B220.sup.- CD11b.sup.+), respectively. Lineage marker and GFP expression are shown for each population.
 FIGS. 10a-10c: Silencing of Nramp expression in cells of various lineages isolated from Nramp1 knock-down (KD) Idd5.1 congenic NOD mice. (a) Expression of the OFF marker in peripheral blood cells from the pLB-915 founder (F0) and positive mice in subsequent generations. F1: n=17, F2: n=100, F3: n=10, F4 n=6. Horizontal bar denotes mean percentage of GFP-positive cells. (b) Flow cytometry analysis of lymph node cells from a pLB-915 F2 mouse (NRAMP1 KD, right panels) and non-transgenic littermate (control, left panels). Panels from top to bottom were gated on 13 cells (B220.sup.+,) T cells (CD4.sup.+ and CD8.sup.+), and macrophages (B220.sup.+ CD11b.sup.+), respectively. Lineage marker and GFP expression are shown for each population. (c) Western blot analysis of cell lysates from activated peritoneal macrophages (control: non-transgenic littermate; NRAMP1 KD: pLB-915 F2 transgenic).
 FIGS. 11a-11b: Effect of Nramp1 silencing on Salmonella enterica infection and diabetes frequency. (a) pLB-915 transgenic Idd5.1 males (Idd5.1 KD, n=8), their non-transgenic male littermates (Idd5.1, n=8), and Idd5.1/Idd5.2 male mice (n=7) were injected intravenously with approximately 107 colony forming units (CFU) of Salmonella enterica. Mice were monitored daily for survival: Combined survival curves from two similar experiments are shown. Logrank-test: P=0.0477 between Idd5.1 and Idd5.1 KD groups. (b) The frequency of diabetes was determined in cohorts of female pLB-915 transgenic Idd5.1 mice (Idd5.1 KD, n=37) and their female non-transgenic littermates (Idd5.1, n=56). Survival curves are shown. Logrank-test: P=0.0027.
 FIGS. 12a-12b: Reduced expression possibly caused by interference between lentiviral constructs. (a) Expression of GFP in peripheral blood cells from F0 founder pLB-915 Idd5.1 congenic mouse, F1, F2, F3 and F4 mice (out-bred to non-transgenic Idd5.1 congenic mice), and progeny of F1×F1 and F3×F3 crosses. The percent GFP positive cells in hematopoietic cells is shown. (b) Southern blot of EcoRI-digested genomic DNA from GFP positive and negative pLB-915 progeny. The locus found in all positives, but not in negative mice is indicated (star). For F1×F1 progeny, a low expressor (46%) and high expressor (71%) are shown. The intensity of the bands that correlate with expression suggests a homozygous genotype in the low expressing mouse and a heterozygous genotype of the high expressor. c F3×F3 male mice with expression in either a high (73%) or low (40%) percentage of cells were bred with non-transgenic females. Off-spring from the high-expressing (High) and low expressing (Low) breeders were tested for expression, and all GFP-positive animals were found to express high levels (73% and 74% average, respectively), suggesting that segregation of the homozygous lentiviral integrants re-established full expression.
 FIG. 13: Mean EAE score of Idd5.1 Nramp1 knock-down mice (Idd5.1 KD, n=13) and non-transgenic Idd5.1 littermates (n=18), demonstrating that Nramp1 gene silencing protects against experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE).
 FIG. 14: Sequence of a mouse anti-repressor element (SEQ ID NO: 122), which is a fragment of mouse ARE 40.
 FIG. 15: Sequences of additional AREs of use in the invention.
 FIG. 16. Lentiviral construct expression in pLB-915 transgenic heterozygotes and homozygotes. Flow cytometry of peripheral blood cells from progeny from a cross between a non-transgenic male and a heterozygous pLB-915 transgenic founder Idd5.1 congenic mouse (top panels). Flow cytometry of peripheral blood cells from progeny from a cross between two heterozygous pLB-915 transgenic founder Idd5.1 congenic mice (bottom panels). GFP expression is shown for each population. The number in the lower right corner represents the percent of peripheral blood cells expressing GFP.
 "Approximately" or "about" in reference to a number generally includes numbers that fall within a range of 5% of the number in either direction (greater than or less than the number) unless otherwise stated or otherwise evident from the context (except where such number would exceed 100% of a possible value).
 "Cell type" is used herein consistently with its meaning in the art to refer to a form of cell having a distinct set of morphological, biochemical, and/or functional characteristics that define the cell type. One of skill in the art will recognize that a cell type can be defined with varying levels of specificity. For example, B cells and T cells are distinct cell types, which can be distinguished from one another but share certain features that are characteristic of the broader "lymphocyte" cell type of which both are members. Typically, cells of different types may be distinguished from one another based on their differential expression of a variety of genes which are referred to in the art as "markers" of a particular cell type or types (e.g., cell types of a particular lineage). A cell type specific marker is a gene product or modified version thereof that is expressed at a significantly greater level by one or more cell types than by all or most other cell types and whose expression is characteristic of that cell type. Many cell type specific markers are recognized as such in the art. Similarly, a lineage specific marker is one that is expressed at a significantly greater level by cells of one or more lineages than by cells of all or most other lineages. A tissue specific marker is one that is expressed at a significantly greater level by cells of a type that is characteristic of a particular tissue than by cells that are characteristic of most or all other tissues.
 "Complementary" is used herein in accordance with its art-accepted meaning to refer to the capacity for precise pairing between particular bases, nucleosides, nucleotides or nucleic acids via formation of hydrogen bonds. For example, adenine (A) and uridine (U), adenine (A) and thymidine (T), or guanine (G) and cytosine (C), are complementary to one another. If a nucleotide at a certain position of a first nucleic acid is complementary to a nucleotide located opposite in a second nucleic acid, the nucleotides form a complementary base pair, and the nucleic acids are complementary at that position. One of ordinary skill in the art will appreciate that the nucleic acids are aligned in antiparallel orientation (i.e., one nucleic acid is in 5' to 3' orientation while the other is in 3' to 5' orientation).
 The term "defective" as used herein with respect to a nucleic acid refers to a nucleic acid that is modified with respect to a wild type sequence such that the nucleic acid does not encode a functional gene product that would be encoded by the wild type sequence or does not perform the function of the wild type sequence. For example, a defective env gene sequence does not encode a functional Env protein; a defective packaging signal will not facilitate the packaging of a nucleic acid molecule that includes the defective packaging signal; a defective polyadenylation sequence will not promote polyadenylation of a nucleic acid comprising the sequence. A nucleic acid may be defective for some but not all of its functions. For example, a defective LTR may fail to promote transcription of downstream sequences while still retaining the ability to direct integration. Nucleic acid sequences may be made defective by any means known in the art, including by mutagenesis, by the deletion of some or all of the sequence, by inserting a heterologous sequence into the nucleic acid sequence, by placing the sequence out-of-frame, or by otherwise blocking the sequence. Defective sequences may also occur naturally, i.e., without human intervention, such as by mutation, and may be isolated from viruses in which they arise. Proteins that are encoded by a defective nucleic acid and are therefore not functional may be referred to as defective proteins. A virus or viral particle is "defective" with respect to particular function if it is unable to perform the function. For example, a virus or viral particle is replication defective if it cannot produce infectious viral particles following its introduction into a cell. It is to be understood that the term "defective" is relative. In other words, the function need not be completely eliminated but is typically substantially reduced relative to the comparable wild type function. Generally, a defective entity exhibits less than approximately 10%, less than approximately 5%, less than approximately 2%, less than approximately 1%, less than approximately 0.5%, or approximately 0%, i.e., below the limits of detection, of the function of the comparable wild type entity.
 A "disease-associated" gene is a gene whose expression or lack thereof contributes to or is essential to an unwanted cellular or organismal phenotype, e.g., aberrant expression of the gene is at least in part responsible for causing an undesirable disease state or condition or a manifestation thereof. The gene may be one that is or becomes expressed at an abnormally high level or one that is or becomes expressed at an abnormally low level, where the altered expression correlates with and is generally at least in part responsible for the occurrence and/or progression of the disease or wherein expression of a particular allele or mutant form of the gene correlates with and is generally at least in part responsible for the occurrence and/or progression of the disease. Also encompassed are genes wherein expression of an allele of the gene has a protective effect, e.g., individuals who express the allele have reduced susceptibility to an undesirable disease state or condition or a manifestation thereof, relative to the susceptibility of individuals who do not express the allele or express an alternate allele. A disease-associated gene also refers to genes possessing mutation(s) or genetic variation that is in linkage disequilibrium with a gene whose aberrant expression is at least in part responsible for the occurrence, progression, or any manifestation of a disease. The expression product(s) of such disease-associated genes may be known or unknown, and may be at normal or abnormal level.
 The term "encode" is used herein to refer to the capacity of a nucleic acid to serve as a template for transcription of RNA or the capacity of a nucleic acid to be translated to yield a polypeptide. Thus a DNA sequence that is transcribed to yield an RNA is said to "encode" the RNA. If a nucleic acid sequence is transcribed to yield an RNA that is translated to yield a polypeptide, both the nucleic acid and the RNA are said to encode the polypeptide. "Transcription" as used herein includes reverse transcription, where appropriate.
 The phrase "essential lentiviral protein" as used herein refer to those viral protein(s), other than envelope protein, that are required for the lentiviral life cycle. Essential lentiviral proteins include those required for reverse transcription and integration and for the encapsidation (e.g., packaging) of a retroviral genome.
 "Expression" typically refers to the production of one or more particular RNA product(s), polypeptides(s) and/or protein(s), in a cell. In the case of RNA products, it refers to the process of transcription. In the case of polypeptide products, it refers to the processes of transcription, translation and, optionally, post-translational modifications (e.g., glycosylation, phosphorylation, etc.), and/or assembly into a multimeric protein in the case of polypeptides that are components of multimeric proteins. With respect to a gene, "expression" refers to transcription of at least a portion of the gene and, where appropriate, translation of the resulting mRNA transcript to produce a polypeptide. A transferred gene, or transgene, is "expressed" in a cell (or in a descendant of the cell into which the physical nucleic acid material was introduced) if the cell produces an expression product of the gene (e.g., an RNA transcript and/or a polypeptide). At least a portion of the gene is used as a template for transcription of an RNA, which may then translated in the case of mRNA. In the case of DNA, a transferred gene may be integrated into the cell's genomic DNA prior to transcription. In the case of transfer of a lentiviral genome or portion thereof by a lentiviral vector, the transferred RNA is reverse transcribed prior to integration. An "expression cassette" is a nucleic acid sequence capable of providing expression of an RNA and, optionally, a polypeptide encoded by the RNA in the case of a nucleic acid sequence that comprises an open reading frame. An expression cassette typically comprises a functional promoter, a portion that encodes an RNA of interest, and a functional terminator, all in operable association. A functional promoter is a promoter that is capable of initiating transcription in a particular cell under appropriate conditions, which may include the presence of an inducing agent in the case of a regulatable promoter. In certain embodiments of the present invention, a gene that is transferred to a cell (or to an ancestor of the cell) is considered to be "expressed" by the cell if an RNA and/or protein expression product of the gene can be directly or indirectly detected in the cell (or, as appropriate, on the cell surface or secreted by the cell) by any suitable means of detection at a level at least 5-fold as great as the background level that would be detected in otherwise similar or identical cells that do not comprise an endogenous or heterologous copy of the gene or at a level at least 20% greater than the level that would be detected in otherwise similar or identical cells that comprise an endogenous copy of the gene. As will be evident, expression of a gene that encodes an RNAi agent may be detected by detecting a decrease in the level of a target transcript or its encoded protein or by detecting a phenotypic consequence of such decreased level. In certain embodiments of the present invention, a cell is considered to express a transferred gene that encodes an RNAi agent if the level of a target transcript or its encoded protein in the cell is decreased by at least approximately 20% to approximately 100% relative to the level of the target transcript or its encoded protein that would be detected in otherwise similar or identical cells that do not comprise a copy of the gene encoding the RNAi agent and/or if the level of a target transcript or its encoded protein is decreased by at least approximately 50% of the decrease that would be observed if otherwise similar or identical cells were exposed in culture, under conditions accepted in the art as being suitable for efficient siRNA uptake, to an siRNA having an antisense strand that comprises a sequence identical to at least the portion of the RNAi agent that hybridizes with the target transcript. It will be appreciated that in the case of cell surface or secreted proteins "in the cell" includes, as appropriate, protein on the cell surface or secreted by the cell.
 The term "gene" refers to a nucleic acid comprising a nucleotide sequence that encodes a polypeptide or a biologically active ribonucleic acid (RNA) such as a tRNA, shRNA, miRNA, etc. The nucleic acid can include regulatory elements (e.g., expression control sequences such as promoters, enhancers, etc.) and/or introns.
 A "gene product" or "expression product" of a gene is an RNA transcribed from the gene (e.g., pre- or post-processing) or a polypeptide encoded by an RNA transcribed from the gene (e.g., pre- or post-modification).
 "Hematopoietic cells" are cell types found in the blood and/or lymph. These cell types include the myeloid cells (erythrocytes, thrombocytes, granulocytes (neutrophils, eosinophils, basophils) monocytes and macrophages, mast cells) and the lymphoid cells (B cells, various types of T cells, NK cells). These cells typically arise from hematopoietic stem cells in the bone marrow. It will be appreciated that certain hematopoietic cells, e.g., macrophages, may be present in tissues outside of the vascular or lymphatic systems. White blood cells (e.g., granulocytes (neutrophils, eosinophils, basophils, monocytes, macrophages, mast cells, and lymphoid cells) are a subset of hematopoietic cells.
 The term "heterologous" as used herein in reference to a nucleic acid, refers to a first nucleic acid that is inserted into a second nucleic acid such as a plasmid or other vector. For example, the term refers to a nucleic acid that is not naturally present in a wild type vector from which a recombinant vector is derived. The term also refers to a nucleic acid that is introduced into a cell, tissue, organism, etc., by artificial means including, but not limited to, transfection or infection with a viral vector. Generally the heterologous nucleic acid is either not naturally found in the cell, tissue, or organism or, if naturally found therein, its expression is altered by introduction of the additional copy of the nucleic acid or it is present at a different location in the genome. The term "heterologous polypeptide" is used to refer to a polypeptide encoded by a heterologous nucleic acid. If a heterologous sequence is introduced into a cell or organism, the sequence is also considered heterologous to progeny of the cell or organism that inherit it.
 "Infectious," as used herein in reference to a recombinant lentivirus or lentiviral particle, indicates that the lentivirus or lentiviral particle is able to enter cells and to perform at least one of the functions associated with infection by a wild type lentivirus, e.g., release of the viral genome in the host cell cytoplasm, entry of the viral genome into the nucleus, reverse transcription, and/or integration of the viral genome into the host cell's DNA. It is not intended to indicate that the virus or viral particle is capable of undergoing replication or of completing the viral life cycle.
 "Inhibition of gene expression" refers to the absence of an mRNA and/or polypeptide expression product of a target gene or to an observable decrease in the level of the expression product. Typically the level will be reduced by at least approximately 50%, at least approximately 60%, at least approximately 70%, at least approximately 80%, at least approximately 90%, or more relative to the level in the absence of an inhibitory agent such as an RNAi agent. "Specificity" refers to the ability to inhibit expression of a target gene without significant or equivalent effects on most or all other genes of the cell. Methods for determining the extent of inhibition include examining one or more relevant phenotypes, e.g., by detecting visible consequences of inhibition or through the use of techniques such as RNA solution hybridization, nuclease protection, Northern hybridization, reverse transcription, gene expression monitoring with a microarray, antibody binding, enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), Western blotting, immunoassay (RIA), fluorescence activated cell analysis (FACS), etc.
 "Lineage" refers to a set of cell types that are committed to or capable of differentiating into a particular fully differentiated cell type.
 A "microRNA" (miRNA) is a naturally occurring single-stranded RNA molecule that is generated by intracellular processing of an endogenous precursor RNA containing a stem-loop (hairpin) structure. An miRNA hybridizes with a target site in a target transcript and reduces expression of the target transcript by translational repression, i.e., it blocks or prevents translation. Both the stem of the precursor RNA and the duplex formed by the miRNA and the target transcript are imperfect and typically comprise up to several areas of mismatched or unpaired nucleotides that form bulges. Bulges may, for example, comprise at least two consecutive noncomplementary base pairs exist or include one or more "extra" unpaired nucleotide(s) located between two regions of perfect base pair complementarity. Nucleic acid molecules or precursors thereof that mimic the sequence of naturally occurring miRNA precursors or are designed to form a similar structure when self-hybridized or hybridized to a target transcript can be introduced into or expressed within cells and can cause translational repression (See, e.g., Doench, J., et al., Genes and Dev., 17:438-442, 2003). A nucleic acid that mediates RNAi by repressing translation of a target transcript, and that comprises a portion that binds to a target transcript to form a duplex structure comprising one or more bulges, resembling that formed by an miRNA and its target transcript, is said herein to act via an miRNA translational repression pathway, and the portion that binds to the target may be referred to as an miRNA-like molecule. A description and examples of miRNAs and the mechanism by which they mediate silencing are found in Lagos-Quintana, M., et al., RNA, 9(2):175-9, 2003; and Bartel, D., Cell, 116:281-297, 2004.
 The term "non-dividing cell" refers to a cell that does not go through mitosis. Non-dividing cells may be blocked at any point or within any stage in the cell cycle as long as the cell is not actively progressing through the cell cycle. The cell may be naturally non-dividing or its division may be blocked by any of a variety of treatments known in the art.
 The term "nucleic acid" refers to polynucleotides such as DNA or RNA. Nucleic acids can be single-stranded, partly or completely, double-stranded, and in some cases partly or completely triple-stranded. Nucleic acids include genomic DNA, cDNA, mRNA, etc. Nucleic acids can be purified from natural sources, produced using recombinant expression systems and optionally purified, chemically synthesized, etc. Where appropriate, e.g., in the case of chemically synthesized molecules, nucleic acids can comprise nucleoside analogs such as analogs having chemically modified bases or sugars, backbone modifications, etc. The term "nucleic acid sequence" as used herein can refer to the nucleic acid material itself and is not restricted to the sequence information (i.e. the succession of letters chosen among the five base letters A, G, C, T, or U) that biochemically characterizes a specific nucleic acid, e.g., a DNA or RNA molecule. A nucleic acid sequence is presented in the 5' to 3' direction unless otherwise indicated. The term "nucleic acid segment" is used herein to refer to a nucleic acid sequence that is a portion of a longer nucleic acid sequence.
 "Operably linked" or "operably associated" refers to a functional relationship between two nucleic acids, wherein the expression, activity, localization, etc., of one of the sequences is controlled by, directed by, regulated by, modulated by, etc., the other nucleic acid. The two nucleic acids are said to be operably linked or operably associated or in operable association. "Operably linked" or "operably associated" can also refers to a relationship between two polypeptides wherein the expression of one of the polypeptides is controlled by, directed by, regulated by, modulated by, etc., the other polypeptide. For example, transcription of a nucleic acid is directed by an operably linked promoter; post-transcriptional processing of a nucleic acid is directed by an operably linked processing sequence; translation of a nucleic acid is directed by an operably linked translational regulatory sequence such as a translation initiation sequence; transport, stability, or localization of a nucleic acid or polypeptide is directed by an operably linked transport or localization sequence such as a secretion signal sequence; and post-translational processing of a polypeptide is directed by an operably linked processing sequence. Typically a first nucleic acid sequence that is operably linked to a second nucleic acid sequence, or a first polypeptide that is operatively linked to a second polypeptide, is covalently linked, either directly or indirectly, to such a sequence, although any effective three-dimensional association is acceptable. One of ordinary skill in the art will appreciate that multiple nucleic acids, or multiple polypeptides, may be operably linked or associated with one another.
 As used herein, a "packaging signal," "packaging sequence," or "psi sequence" is any nucleic acid sequence sufficient to direct packaging of a nucleic acid whose sequence comprises the packaging signal into a retroviral particle. The term includes naturally occurring packaging sequences and also engineered variants thereof. Packaging signals of a number of different retroviruses, including lentiviruses, are known in the art.
 "Recombinant" is used consistently with its usage in the art to refer to a nucleic acid sequence that comprises portions that do not naturally occur together as part of a single sequence or that have been rearranged relative to a naturally occurring sequence. A recombinant nucleic acid is created by a process that involves the hand of man and/or is generated from a nucleic acid that was created by hand of man (e.g., by one or more cycles of replication, amplification, transcription, etc.). A recombinant virus is one that comprises a recombinant nucleic acid. A recombinant cell is one that comprises a recombinant nucleic acid.
 The term "regulatory sequence" or "regulatory element" is used herein to describe a nucleic acid sequence that regulates one or more steps in the expression (particularly transcription, but in some cases other events such as splicing or other processing) of nucleic acid sequence(s) with which it is operatively linked. The term includes promoters, enhancers and other transcriptional control elements that direct or enhance transcription of an operatively linked nucleic acid. Regulatory sequences may direct constitutive expression (e.g., expression in most or all cell types under typical physiological conditions in culture or in an organism), cell type specific, lineage specific, or tissue specific expression, and/or regulatable (inducible or repressible) expression. For example, expression may be induced or repressed by the presence or addition of an inducing agent such as a hormone or other small molecule, by an increase in temperature, etc. Non-limiting examples of cell type, lineage, or tissue specific promoters appropriate for use in mammalian cells include lymphoid-specific promoters (see, for example, Calame et al., Adv. Immunol. 43:235, 1988) such as promoters of T cell receptors (see, e.g., Winoto et al., EMBO J. 8:729, 1989) and immunoglobulins (see, for example, Banerji et al., Cell 33:729, 1983; Queen et al., Cell 33:741, 1983), and neuron-specific promoters (e.g., the neurofilament promoter; Byrne et al., Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 86:5473, 1989). Developmentally-regulated promoters include hox promoters (see, e.g., Kessel et al., Science 249:374, 1990) and the α-fetoprotein promoter (Campes et al., Genes Dev. 3:537, 1989). Some regulatory elements may inhibit or decrease expression of an operatively linked nucleic acid. Such regulatory elements may be referred to as "negative regulatory elements." A regulatory element whose activity can be induced or repressed by exposure to an inducing or repressing agent and/or by altering environmental conditions is referred to herein as a "regulatable" element.
 "RNAi agent" refers to an at least partly double-stranded RNA having a structure characteristic of molecules that are known in the art to mediate inhibition of gene expression through an RNAi mechanism or an RNA strand comprising at least partially complementary portions that hybridize to one another to form such a structure. When an RNA comprises complementary regions that hybridize with each other, the RNA will be said to self-hybridize. An RNAi agent includes a portion that is substantially complementary to a target gene. An RNAi agent optionally includes one or more nucleotide analogs or modifications. One of ordinary skill in the art will recognize that RNAi agents that are synthesized in vitro can include ribonucleotides, deoxyribonucleotides, nucleotide analogs, modified nucleotides or backbones, etc., whereas RNAi agents synthesized intracellularly, e.g., encoded by DNA templates, typically consist of RNA, which may be modified following transcription. Of particular interest herein are short RNAi agents, i.e., RNAi agents consisting of one or more strands that hybridize or self-hybridize to form a structure that comprises a duplex portion between about 15-29 nucleotides in length, optionally having one or more mismatched or unpaired nucleotides within the duplex. RNAi agents include short interfering RNAs (siRNAs), short hairpin RNAs (shRNAs), and other RNA species that can be processed intracellularly to produce shRNAs including, but not limited to, RNA species identical to a naturally occurring miRNA precursor or a designed precursor of an miRNA-like RNA.
 The term "short, interfering RNA" (siRNA) refers to a nucleic acid that includes a double-stranded portion between about 15-29 nucleotides in length and optionally further comprises a single-stranded overhang (e.g., 1-6 nucleotides in length) on either or both strands. The double-stranded portion is typically between 17-21 nucleotides in length, e.g., 19 nucleotides in length. The overhangs are typically present on the 3' end of each strand, are usually 2 nucleotides long, and are composed of DNA or nucleotide analogs. An siRNA may be formed from two RNA strands that hybridize together, or may alternatively be generated from a longer double-stranded RNA or from a single RNA strand that includes a self-hybridizing portion, such as a short hairpin RNA. One of ordinary skill in the art will appreciate that one or more, mismatches or unpaired nucleotides may be present in the duplex formed by the two siRNA strands. One strand of an siRNA (the "antisense" or "guide" strand) includes a portion that hybridizes with a target nucleic acid, e.g., an mRNA transcript. Typically the antisense strand is perfectly complementary to the target over about 15-29 nucleotides, typically between 17-21 nucleotides, e.g., 19 nucleotides, meaning that the siRNA hybridizes to the target transcript without a single mismatch over this length. However, one of ordinary skill in the art will appreciate that one or more mismatches or unpaired nucleotides may be present in a duplex formed between the siRNA strand and the target transcript.
 The term "short hairpin RNA" refers to a nucleic acid molecule comprising at least two complementary portions hybridized or capable of hybridizing to form a duplex structure sufficiently long to mediate RNAi (typically between 15-29 nucleotides in length), and at least one single-stranded portion, typically between approximately 1 and 10 nucleotides in length that forms a loop connecting the ends of the two sequences that form the duplex. The structure may further comprise an overhang. The duplex formed by hybridization of self-complementary portions of the shRNA has similar properties to those of siRNAs and, as described below, shRNAs are processed into siRNAs by the conserved cellular RNAi machinery. Thus shRNAs are precursors of siRNAs and are similarly capable of inhibiting expression of a target transcript. As is the case for siRNA, an shRNA includes a portion that hybridizes with a target nucleic acid, e.g., an mRNA transcript and is usually the perfectly complementary to the target over about 15-29 nucleotides, typically between 17-21 nucleotides, e.g., 19 nucleotides. However, one of ordinary skill in the art will appreciate that one or more mismatches or unpaired nucleotides may be present in a duplex formed between the shRNA strand and the target transcript.
 The term "subject" as used herein, refers to any organism to which a lentiviral vector of the invention is administered or delivered for any purpose. In some embodiments, subjects include mammals, particularly rodents (e.g., mice and rats), avians, domesticated or agriculturally significant mammals (e.g., dogs, cats, cows, goats, etc.), primates, or humans. It is noted that although certain aspects of the present invention relate to gene therapy, the claims of this invention should be construed to explicitly exclude any embodiment that would entail patenting a human being to the extent that human beings constitute non-statutory subject matter.
 An RNAi agent is considered to be "targeted" to a transcript and to the gene that encodes the transcript if (1) the RNAi agent comprises a portion, e.g., a strand, that is at least approximately 80%, approximately 85%, approximately 90%, approximately 91%, approximately 92%, approximately 93%, approximately 94%, approximately 95%, approximately 96%, approximately 97%, approximately 98%, approximately 99%, or approximately 100% complementary to the transcript over a region about 15-29 nucleotides in length, e.g., a region at least approximately 15, approximately 17, approximately 18, or approximately 19 nucleotides in length; and/or (2) the Tm of a duplex formed by a stretch of 15 nucleotides of one strand of the RNAi agent and a 15 nucleotide portion of the transcript, under conditions (excluding temperature) typically found within the cytoplasm or nucleus of mammalian cells and/or in a Drosophila lysate as described, e.g., in US Pubs. 20020086356 and 20040229266, is no more than approximately 15° C. lower or no more than approximately 10° C. lower, than the Tm of a duplex that would be formed by the same 15 nucleotides of the RNAi agent and its exact complement; and/or (3) the stability of the transcript is reduced in the presence of the RNAi agent as compared with its absence. An RNAi agent targeted to a transcript is also considered targeted to the gene that encodes and directs synthesis of the transcript. A "target region" is a region of a target transcript that hybridizes with an antisense strand of an RNAi agent. A "target transcript" is any RNA that is a target for inhibition by RNA interference. The terms "target RNA" and "target transcript" are used interchangeably herein.
 "Variegation" as used herein refers to non-uniformity or variation in the expression of a transgene between cells of different cell types or cell lineages in a transgenic animal. For example, if different percentages of cells of different cell types or cell lineages express the transgene above a certain threshold level, then variegation is present. If expression can fall within multiple different ranges and different cell types or cell lineages in a transgenic animal differ with respect to the percentages of cells falling within the various ranges, then variegation is present.
 The term "vector" is used herein to refer to a nucleic acid molecule capable transferring or transporting another nucleic acid molecule. The transferred nucleic acid is generally linked to, e.g., inserted into, the vector nucleic acid molecule. A vector may include sequences that direct autonomous replication in a cell, or may include sequences sufficient to allow integration into host cell DNA. Useful vectors include, for example, plasmids (typically DNA plasmids, but RNA plasmids are also of use), cosmids, and viral vectors. As will be evident to one of skill in the art, the term "viral vector" is widely used refer either to a nucleic acid molecule (e.g., a plasmid) that includes virus-derived nucleic acid elements that typically facilitate transfer of the nucleic acid molecule or integration into the genome of a cell or to a viral particle that mediates nucleic acid transfer. Viral particles will typically include various viral components and sometimes also host cell components in addition to nucleic acid(s). In particular, the terms "lentiviral vector," "lentiviral expression vector," etc. may be used to refer to lentiviral transfer plasmids and/or lentiviral particles of the invention as described herein.
 The terms "viral particle" and "virus" are used interchangeably herein. For example, the phrase "production of virus" typically refers to production of viral particles.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF CERTAIN PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS OF THE INVENTION
Lentiviral Vectors Comprising an ARE and Optional SAR
 The present invention provides novel lentiviral vectors and methods of use thereof, e.g., for transfer of nucleic acid sequences to mammalian and avian cells and expression of nucleic acid sequences therein. The invention further provides improved tools and methods for gene silencing that involve using lentiviral vectors to express RNAi agents such as short hairpin RNAs (shRNAs) in mammalian cells. The invention further provides transgenic non-human mammals generated using lentiviral vectors. Genomes of transgenic mammals in accordance with the invention comprise integrated transgenes transferred by inventive lentiviral vectors. In certain embodiments of the invention transgenic mammals display more uniform expression of a transgene among multiple cell lineages than has been achieved using lentiviral vectors previously known in the art. In certain embodiments of the invention a transgene encodes an RNAi agent such as an shRNA. The invention further provides animal models for human disease. Animal models are generated by using a lentiviral vector of the invention to create a transgenic non-human mammal that expresses an RNAi agent that specifically inhibits expression of a disease-associated gene.
 Lentiviruses belong to the retrovirus family. Retroviruses comprise a diploid RNA genome that is reverse transcribed following infection of a cell to yield a double-stranded DNA intermediate that becomes stably integrated into the chromosomal DNA of the cell. The integrated DNA intermediate is referred to as a provirus and is inherited by the cell's progeny. Wild type retroviral genomes and proviral DNA include gag, pol, and env genes, flanked by two long terminal repeat sequences (LTRs). 5' and 3' LTRs comprise sequence elements that promote transcription (promoter-enhancer elements) and polyadenylation of viral RNA. LTRs also include additional cis-acting sequences required for viral replication. Retroviral genomes include sequences needed for reverse transcription and a packaging signal referred to as psi (Ψ) that is necessary for encapsidation (packaging) of a retroviral genome.
 The retroviral infective cycle begins when a virus attaches to the surface of a susceptible cell through interaction with cell surface receptor(s) and fuses with the cell membrane. The viral core is delivered to the cytoplasm, where viral matrix and capsid become dismantled, releasing the viral genome. Viral reverse transcriptase (RT) copies the RNA genome into DNA, which integrates into host cell DNA, a process that is catalyzed by the viral integrase (IN) enzyme. Transcription of proviral DNA produces new viral genomes and mRNA from which viral Gag and Gag-Pol polyproteins are synthesized. These polyproteins are processed into matrix (MA), capsid (CA), and nucleocapsid (NC) proteins (in the case of Gag), or the matrix, capsid, protease (PR), reverse transcriptase (RT), and integrase (INT) proteins (in the case of Gag-Pol). Transcripts for other viral proteins, including envelope glycoproteins, are produced via splicing events. Viral structural and replication-related proteins associate with one another, with viral genomes, and with envelope proteins at the cell membrane, eventually resulting in extrusion of a viral particle having a lipid-rich coat punctuated with envelope glycoproteins and comprising a viral genome packaged therein.
 Retroviruses are widely used for in vitro and in vivo transfer and expression of heterologous nucleic acids, a process often referred to as gene transfer. For retroviral gene transfer, a nucleic acid sequence (e.g., all or part of a gene of interest), optionally including regulatory sequences such as a promoter, is inserted into a viral genome in place of some of the wild type viral sequences to produce a recombinant viral genome. The recombinant viral genome is delivered to a cell, where it is reverse transcribed and integrated into the cellular genome. Transcription from an integrated sequence may occur from the viral LTR promoter-enhancer and/or from an inserted promoter. If an inserted sequence includes a coding region and appropriate translational control elements, translation results in expression of the encoded polypeptide by the cell. For purposes of the present invention, sequences that are present in the genome of a cell as a result of a process involving reverse transcription and integration of a nucleic acid delivered to the cell (or to an ancestor of the cell) by a retroviral vector are considered a "provirus." It will be recognized that while such sequences comprise retrovirus derived nucleic acids (e.g., at least a portion of one or more LTRs, sequences required for integration, packaging sequences, eta), they will typically lack genes for various essential viral proteins and may have mutations or deletions in those viral sequences that they do contain, relative to the corresponding wild type sequences.
 Lentiviruses such as HIV differ from the simple retroviruses described above in that their genome encodes a variety of additional proteins such as Vif, Vpr, Vpu, Tat, Rev, and Nef and may also include regulatory elements not found in the simple retroviruses. The genes encoding these proteins overlap with the gag, pol, and env genes. Certain of these proteins are encoded in more than one exon, and their mRNAs are derived by alternative splicing of longer mRNAs. In contrast to simple retroviruses, lentiviruses are able to transduce and productively infect nondividing cells such as resting T cells, dendritic cells, and macrophages. Nondividing cell types of interest include, but are not limited to, cells found in the liver (e.g., hepatocytes), skeletal or cardiac muscle (e.g., myocytes), nervous system (e.g., neurons), retina, and various cells of the system. Lentiviral vectors can transfer genes to hematopoietic stem cells with superior gene transfer efficiency and without affecting the repopulating capacity of these cells (see, e.g., Mautino et al., 2002, AIDS Patient Care STDS 16:11; Somia et al., 2000, J. Virol., 74:4420; Miyoshi et al., 1999, Science, 283:682; and U.S. Pat. No. 6,013,516). Further discussion of retroviruses and lentiviruses is found in Coffin, J., et al. (eds.), Retroviruses, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, Cold Spring Harbor, 1997, and Fields, B., et al., Fields' Virology, 4th. ed., Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2001. See also the Web site with URL www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/ICTVdb/ICTVdB, accessed Feb. 14, 2006. As used herein, a retroviral vector is considered a "lentiviral vector" if at least approximately 50% of the retrovirus derived LTR and packaging sequences in the vector are derived from a lentivirus and/or if the LTR and packaging sequences are sufficient to allow an appropriately sized nucleic acid comprising the sequences to be reverse transcribed and packaged in a mammalian or avian cell that expresses the appropriate lentiviral proteins. Typically at least approximately 60%, approximately 70%, approximately 80%, approximately 90%, or more of retrovirus derived LTR and packaging sequences in a vector are derived from a lentivirus. For example, LTR and packaging sequences may be at least approximately 50%, approximately 60%, approximately 70%, approximately 80%, approximately 90%, or identical to lentiviral LTR and packaging sequences. In certain embodiments of the invention between approximately 90 and approximately 100% of the LTR and packaging sequences are derived from a lentivirus. For example, the LTR and packaging sequences may be between approximately 90% and approximately 100% identical to lentiviral LTR and packaging sequences.
 Lentiviral vectors of the present invention comprise a nucleic acid that comprises (i) a eukaryotic anti-repressor element (ARE); and (ii) lentivirus derived sequences sufficient for reverse transcription and packaging. In certain embodiments of the invention a nucleic acid further comprises a scaffold attachment region (SAR). AREs and SARs are described below. A nucleic acid may comprise one or more regulatory sequences sufficient to promote transcription of an operably associated sequence of interest, which may be inserted downstream of regulatory sequences. The invention further provides lentiviral transfer plasmids and multi-plasmid systems, wherein at least one of the plasmids comprises a nucleic acid that comprises (i) a eukaryotic anti-repressor element (ARE); and (ii) lentivirus derived sequences sufficient for reverse transcription and packaging. The invention further provides lentiviral particles having a genome that comprises a nucleic acid that comprises (i) a eukaryotic anti-repressor element (ARE); and (ii) sequences sufficient for reverse transcription and packaging, wherein said sequences are at least in part derived from a lentivirus. For example, sequences may include a lentiviral U3 region, a lentiviral U5 region, a lentiviral psi sequence, or any combination of the foregoing. It will be appreciated that "nucleic acid sequences sufficient for reverse transcription and packaging" means that sequences are sufficient when present in a nucleic acid in the RNA form but that the sequences may be in the RNA or DNA form in the lentiviral vector, e.g., the nucleic acid component of the vector need not be RNA if the vector is a transfer plasmid.
 The invention further provides retroviral vectors comprising a nucleic acid that comprises (i) a eukaryotic anti-repressor element (ARE); and (ii) sequences sufficient for reverse transcription and packaging, wherein said sequences are at least in part derived from a retrovirus. In certain embodiments of the invention a nucleic acid further comprises a scaffold attachment region (SAR). In certain embodiments of the invention at least approximately 50% of retrovirus derived sequences (e.g., LTR and packaging sequences) are derived from a retrovirus that is not a lentivirus. Retroviral vectors may be used for any of a variety of purposes described herein for lentiviral vectors of the invention and may be similarly produced.
 A nucleic acid that comprises (i) a eukaryotic anti-repressor element (ARE); and (ii) retrovirus derived sequences sufficient for reverse transcription and packaging is contemplated by the present invention. In certain embodiments of the invention a nucleic acid comprises a scaffold attachment region (SAR). Retrovirus derived sequences may be at least in part or entirely derived from a lentivirus. Retrovirus derived sequences may include one or more portions of an LTR, e.g., a U3 region and a U5 region. An ARE may be located between LTRs or portions thereof.
 Anti-repressor elements (AREs) are nucleic acids derived from a eukaryotic genome that, when present in cis in a DNA sequence that comprises a gene, enhance expression of the gene when the DNA sequence is present in cultured eukaryotic cells, e.g., mammalian cell lines. Without wishing to be bound by any theory, an ARE may, for example, counteract the gene suppressive effects of certain eukaryotic chromatin associated repressor proteins for which binding sites are present in the DNA sequence. A chromatin associated repressor protein can be, e.g., a Polycomb group complex protein, binding sites for which are known in the art. A gene comprises regulatory sequences sufficient for transcription of an operably linked nucleic acid. Regulatory sequences may comprise a promoter, an internal ribosome entry site (IRES), etc.
 A nucleic acid can be tested to in a variety of ways to determine whether it functions as an ARE. For example, a candidate ARE can be inserted into a vector that comprises (i) a binding site for a eukaryotic chromatin associated repressor protein and (ii) a reporter gene that encodes a detectable or selectable marker. A selectable or detectable marker is a nucleic acid or protein whose presence can be detected (either directly or indirectly) in a cell. A candidate ARE may, for example, range from about 50 to about 50,000 base pairs in length. For example, a candidate ARE may be between about 100 and 5000, or between 100 and 1000 base pairs in length. A vector that expresses the chromatin associated repressor protein is introduced into eukaryotic cells. Any suitable method known in the art may be used to introduce a vector into cells. If a candidate ARE does not function as an ARE, expression of a reporter gene is low so that cells are not detected or selected, while if a candidate ARE does function as an ARE, expression is increased so that cells are detected or selected. Average expression may, for example, be at least approximately 2-fold, at least approximately 5-fold, at least approximately 10-fold, etc., as great in the presence of an ARE as in its absence. Alternately or additionally, the percentage of cells that express a reporter gene at a selected level in the presence of an ARE is greater than in its absence. Expression levels can be qualitatively and/or quantitatively determined in any of a variety of ways. For example, if a reporter gene encodes a selectable marker, the number of cell colonies formed under particular selective conditions in the presence of the nucleic acid can be compared with the number formed in the absence of the nucleic'acid. A nucleic acid may be identified as an ARE if the number of colonies formed in the presence of the nucleic acid is greater than in its absence by a factor of at least approximately 2, at least approximately 5, at least approximately 10, etc. If a reporter gene encodes a fluorescent marker, expression can be assessed using fluorescence activated cell sorting (FACS), etc.
 A wide variety of detectable or selectable markers known to those of skill in the art can be used in the above methods to determine whether any particular nucleic acid functions as an ARE. A detectable marker can be, for example, a fluorescent or chemiluminescent molecule (e.g., green fluorescent protein or a variant thereof, luciferase, etc.) or an enzyme, such as β-galactosidase, capable of metabolizing a substrate to produce a detectable substance. A detectable marker may also be referred to as a "reporter." Reporters are discussed in more detail below. A selectable marker can be nucleic acid or protein that inactivates a lethal or growth-inhibitory compound and thereby protects a cell from compound's effects. Drug resistance markers are a non-limiting example of a class of selectable marker that can be used to select cells that express the marker. In the presence of an appropriate concentration of drug (selective conditions), such a marker confers a growth advantage on a cell that expresses the marker. Thus cells that express the drug resistance marker are able to survive and/or proliferate in the presence of drug while cells that do not express the drug resistance marker are not able to survive and/or are unable to proliferate in the presence of drug. For example, a selectable marker of this type that is commonly used in mammalian cells is the neomycin resistance gene (an aminoglycoside 3'-phosphotransferase, 3' APH II). Expression of this selectable marker renders cells resistant to various drugs such as G418, Additional selectable markers of this type include enzymes conferring resistance to Zeocin®, hygromycin, puromycin, etc. These enzymes and the genes encoding them are well-known in the art. A second non-limiting class of selectable markers is nutritional markers. Such markers are generally enzymes that function in a biosynthetic pathway to produce a compound that is needed for cell growth or survival. In general, under nonselective conditions the required compound is present in the environment or is produced by an alternative pathway in the cell. Under selective conditions, functioning of the biosynthetic pathway in which the marker is involved is needed to produce the compound. Two examples of nutritional markers that are suitable for use in the invention are hypoxanthine phosphoribosyl transferase (HPRT) and thymidine kinase (TK).
 To systemically identify naturally occurring AREs, fragments of DNA from a eukaryotic genome can be inserted into a vector such as that described above to create a library. Fragments can, for example, be generated using restriction enzymes or by shearing genomic DNA. A library is introduced into eukaryotic cells. Cells that express a reporter gene are selected or detected. Vector is then isolated from the cells. A fragment is isolated from the vector and can then be manipulated and/or modified using standard molecular biology techniques known in the art. If desired, a fragment can be sequenced and/or its chromosomal location determined. If desired, the portion(s) of a fragment that possess anti-repressor activity can be narrowed down to a minimal effective region by producing derivatives of the original fragment, in which certain portions are deleted, mutated, or altered, and then testing them in the assay described above. For example, it will often be possible to reduce the size of a fragment by making deletions at either the 5' or 3' end. Furthermore, since AREs are often highly conserved among different species, portions of an ARE that extend beyond the boundaries of an identified fragment may be identified by comparing the sequence of the ARE with homologous sequences in a different organism. Once an ARE is identified in a first organism, homologous AREs in other organisms may be identified by searching sequence databases using part or all of the nucleotide sequence of the ARE as a query sequence, by low stringency hybridization (e.g., of genomic DNA libraries) using all or part of the ARE as a probe, etc. Furthermore, a number of changes can be made in a naturally occurring ARE, e.g., using standard molecular biology techniques, without significantly diminishing its activity and possible even resulting in increased activity. It will thus be appreciated that the term "eukaryotic ARE" encompasses both naturally occurring AREs and modified versions thereof that possess anti-repressing activity.
 Scaffold attachment regions (SARs), also referred to as matrix attachment regions (MARs), are eukaryotic DNA sequences that bind to an isolated nuclear scaffold or matrix (proteinaceous network of the nucleus) with high affinity (Cockerill, P. N., and W. T. Garrard. Cell 44:273-282, 1986). In cells, these sequences serve to attach chromatin fiber to the nuclear matrix and thereby subdivide the eukaryotic genome into structural and functional domains. They are found at the base of the chromatin loops into which the eukaryotic genome appears to be organized. SARs have an average size of about 500 base pairs and are located about every 30 kB in the genome. A large number of SAR sequences have been isolated and their functional properties demonstrated. Many SAR sequences share a number of characteristics. For example, many are AT rich (70%) and enriched in binding sites for a variety of nuclear proteins such as DNA topoisomerase II. However, no consensus sequence has yet been identified. Methods for identifying and functionally characterizing SARs are well known in the art and are described (e.g., Boulikas, "Chromatin Domains and Prediction of SAR Sequences" in Berezney et al., The Nuclear Matrix, San Diego: Academic Press, 1995). For example, DNA fragments may be incubated with isolated nuclear matrix of scaffold proteins and bound DNA fragments may be separated from unbound DNA by centrifugation. Micrococcal nuclease digestion of chromatin loops in intact nuclei can be used to trim the loops down to the attachment points to the nuclear matrix. Several computer programs are available to predict which sequences within a nucleic acid sequence such as a genomic region are likely to function as MARs. Examples include Mar-finder (www.futuresoft.org/MAR-Wiz), marscan (bioweb.pasteur.fr/seqanal/interfaces/marscan.html), and ChrClass (Glazko, et al., 2001, Biochim Biophys Acta, 1517:351).
 Once a genomic fragment comprising an SAR is isolated, its sequence can be manipulated and/or modified using standard molecular biology techniques known in the art. If desired, a SAR can be sequenced and/or its chromosomal location determined. If desired, the portion(s) of a genomic fragment comprising a SAR can be narrowed down to a minimal effective region by producing derivatives of the original fragment, in which certain portions are deleted, mutated, or altered, and then testing them to determine whether they bind to nuclear matrix. It will often be possible to reduce the size of the fragment by making deletions at either the 5' or 3' end. Furthermore, a number of changes can be made in a naturally occurring SAR, e.g., using standard molecular biology techniques, without significantly diminishing its activity and possible even resulting in increased activity. It will thus be appreciated that the term "eukaryotic SAR" encompasses both naturally occurring SARs and modified versions thereof that possess anti-repressing activity.
 The present encompasses the recognition that lentiviral vectors that comprise a eukaryotic ARE and, optionally, a eukaryotic SAR, possess significant advantages, e.g., for purposes of creating transgenic nonhuman animals using lentiviral vectors and for expressing RNAi agents in isolated eukaryotic cells and/or in transgenic animals using lentiviral vectors. Surprisingly, as described in further detail below and in the Examples, transgenic animals created using a lentiviral vector comprising a nucleic acid that comprises a eukaryotic ARE, a eukaryotic SAR, and an expression cassette comprising a transgene display an increase in the overall percentage of cells that express the transgene in multiple cell types, including cell types arising from different lineages. Such animals displayed reduced variegation relative to that observed in transgenic animals created using an otherwise identical lentiviral vector lacking an ARE and SAR. For example, transgenic mice created using a lentiviral vector of the present invention comprising an ARE, a SAR, and an expression cassette comprising a transgene encoding a detectable marker expressed the transgene in more than 50% of non-erythroid hematopoietic cells; e.g., expression of the detectable marker was observed in approximately 70% of peripheral white blood cells (71% of T cells, 70% of B cells, and 71% of macrophages). Thus the percentage of cells that expressed the transgene was almost identical among multiple hematopoietic cell types. In contrast, the overall percentage of hematopoietic cells expressing the transgene in transgenic mice created using an otherwise essentially identical lentiviral vector was much lower and varied significantly between different cell types; e.g., expression was observed in 34% of CD4.sup.+ T cells and only 11% of B cells and 17.5% of granulocytes. Presence of the ARE and SAR increased the percentage of cells that expressed transgene by between about 2 and 6 fold, depending on the cell type.
 Similar increases in the percentages of expressing cells among multiple hematopoietic cell types and reduced variegation were observed in transgenic animals generated using a lentiviral vector of the invention comprising an ARE, a SAR, a first expression cassette comprising a first transgene encoding a detectable marker and a second expression cassette comprising a second transgene encoding an shRNA. The detectable marker was expressed in 70% of CD4.sup.+ T cells, 71% of CD8.sup.+ T cells, 65% of B cells, and 65% of macrophages. Thus, the percentage of cells that expressed the transgene varied by less than 10% between multiple hematopoietic cell types. Increased percentages and reduced variegation persisted over multiple generations. When transgenic founder mice generated using a lentiviral vector of the invention were bred to congenic, nontransgenic mice, the resulting F1 mice, and subsequent generations, also displayed higher overall percentages of hematopoietic cells that expressed the transgene. Some variegation was observed in the F1 generation; e.g., expression was detected in 45-75% of hematopoietic cells. The increased percentage of cells expressing the transgene and the reduced variegation remained stable and consistent over the F2, F3, and F4 generations.
 A lentiviral vector of the present invention can comprise any ARE known in the art or discovered hereafter. An ARE may originate from a genome of any eukaryotic organism, e.g., mammalian, avian, plant, etc. In certain embodiments of the invention an ARE is a mammalian ARE, such as a primate (e.g. human) or rodent (e.g., mouse, rat, hamster) ARE. In certain embodiments of the invention, an ARE is derived from an avian or plant genome, e.g., from Arabidopsis thaliana. An ARE may be highly conserved between different organisms over part or all of its length. For example, useful AREs may be at least approximately 40%, approximately 50%, approximately 60%, approximately 70%, approximately 80%, or approximately 90% identical between mouse and human over at least approximately 200, approximately 300, approximately 400, approximately 500, approximately 600, approximately 700, approximately 800, approximately 900, approximately 1000, or more base pairs (allowing the introduction of gaps). Certain AREs may comprise more than one highly conserved region. A naturally occurring ARE typically consists entirely of noncoding sequences. However, AREs that comprise or consist of coding sequences may also be used.
 In certain embodiments of the invention, a lentiviral vector comprises an ARE that is approximately or precisely 100% identical to a genomic region of a eukaryotic organism, e.g., mouse or human, over at least approximately 200, approximately 300, approximately 400, approximately 500, approximately 600, approximately 700, approximately 800, approximately 900, approximately 1000, or more base pairs. In certain embodiments of the invention a lentiviral vector comprises an ARE that is at least approximately 40%, approximately 50%, approximately 60%, approximately 70%, approximately 80%, or approximately 90% identical between mouse and human over at least approximately 50, approximately 100, approximately 150, approximately 200, approximately 300, approximately 400, approximately 500, approximately 600, approximately 700, approximately 800, approximately 900, approximately 1000, or more base pairs (allowing the introduction of gaps).
 An ARE that is precisely identical to a genomic region of a eukaryotic organism or is generated by making one or more alterations to an ARE that is precisely identical to a genomic region of a eukaryotic organism, where such alterations result in a sequence that is at least approximately 90% identical to the original sequence over at least approximately 200 base pairs is said to originate from that organism. In certain embodiments of the invention an ARE is between approximately 50 to approximately 100, approximately 100 to approximately 200, approximately 200 to approximately 500, approximately 200 to approximately 1000, approximately 200 to approximately 1500, or approximately 200 to approximately 2000 base pairs in length, or any shorter fragment within any of the foregoing ranges, e.g., between approximately 300 to approximately 500, approximately 300 to approximately 600, approximately 400 to approximately 500 base pairs, etc.
 In certain embodiments of the invention an ARE is a composite ARE, by which is meant that it includes portions from two or more different AREs, in which case the ARE may "originate from" more than two or more different organisms. In certain embodiments of the invention a lentiviral vector comprises two, three, or more AREs adjacent to one another. Two AREs are considered adjacent if the 3' end of a first ARE is separated from the 5' end of a second ARE by no more than approximately 200 nucleotides.
 An ARE of use in the invention may display anti-repressor activity in cells of the organism from which it originates and/or in cells of one or more other eukaryotic organisms. For example, certain AREs of rodent (e.g., mouse) origin function in both rodent and primate cells, e.g., in both mouse and human cells. Certain AREs of primate (e.g., human) origin function in both rodent and primate cells, e.g., in both mouse and human cells. In certain embodiments of the invention an ARE is functional in many different cell types, e.g., most or essentially all cell types. In some embodiments of the invention an ARE is functional in a subset of cell types, e.g., one to several different cell types. In certain embodiments of the invention an ARE is functional in a single lineage or in multiple lineages. For example, an ARE may be functional in one or more hematopoietic lineages.
 Suitable AREs for use in the present invention are described (e.g. in Kwaks et al. Nature Biotechnology, 21:553; and U.S. Patent Publication 2003/0199468, wherein AREs are referred to as "STAR" sequences). Sequences of exemplary AREs are provided by SEQ ID NOs: 1-119 of U.S. Patent Publication 2003/0199468, which are included herein as SEQ ID NOs: 1-119 (FIG. 15a), and in FIG. 5B of Kwaks et al., incorporated herein by reference as SEQ ID NOs: 121 and 122. For example, SEQ ID NOs: 1-66 provide certain human ARE sequences. Chromosomal locations of mouse homologs are also provided, and the corresponding nucleotide sequence can be readily identified from the publicly available sequence of the mouse genome. Genomic locations of additional human AREs are provided in Table 6 of U.S. Patent Publication 2003/0199468. The complete sequence of an ARE or a functional portion thereof, wherein the functional portion is at least approximately 50, at least approximately 100, at least approximately 150, or at least approximately 200 nucleotides in length, can be used. In certain embodiments an ARE comprises or consists of at least approximately 50, at least approximately 100, at least approximately 150, or at least approximately 200 nucleotides of the 3' terminal portion of mouse homolog of anti-repressor 40, provided in SEQ ID NO: 122 or has a sequence at least approximately 80% to approximately 90% identical to any of SEQ ID NOs: 1-122 over at least approximately 50, approximately 100, approximately 150, or approximately 200 nucleotides, allowing the introduction of gaps.
 In one embodiment, an ARE comprises at least approximately 200 nucleotides of SEQ ID NO: 120 (FIG. 14) and/or comprises at least approximately 200 nucleotides of either of the sequences depicted in FIG. 5 of Kwaks et al., referred to as anti-repressor 40 (SEQ ID NOs: 121 and 122). For example, in one embodiment, an ARE comprises a portion of human or mouse anti-repressor 40 between approximately 200 to approximately 1000 base pairs in length. The portion may, for example, consist of between approximately 200 to approximately 1000 nucleotides of the 3' terminal portion of anti-repressor 40, e.g., between approximately 200 to approximately 600 nucleotides, or between approximately 300 to approximately 500 nucleotides of the 3' terminal portion of anti-repressor 40. In certain embodiments an ARE comprises or consists of at least approximately 50, at least approximately 100, at least approximately 150, or at least approximately 200 nucleotides of the 3' terminal portion of mouse homolog of anti-repressor 40, provided in SEQ ID NO: 120 or has a sequence at least approximately 80% identical to SEQ ID NO: 120, 121, or 122 over at least approximately 50, approximately 100, approximately 150, or approximately 200 nucleotides, allowing the introduction of gaps. For example, an ARE may comprise or consist of any subsequence of SEQ ID NO: 120, 121, or 122 that is between approximately 50 and 381 nucleotides in length, e.g., between approximately 100 and 381, between approximately 150 and 381, between approximately 200 and 381 nucleotides in length; or may have a sequence at least approximately 80% identical to any subsequence of SEQ ID NO: 120, 121, or 122 that is between approximately 50 and 381, approximately 100 and 381, approximately 150 and 381, or approximately 200 and 381 nucleotides in length over at least approximately 50, approximately 100, approximately 150, or approximately 200 nucleotides respectively, allowing the introduction of gaps. For purposes of brevity, these individual sequences are not set forth herein.
 A lentiviral vector of the present invention can comprise any SAR known in the art or discovered hereafter. In certain embodiments of the invention a SAR is a mammalian SAR, e.g., a human or rodent (e.g., mouse, rat, hamster) SAR. In certain embodiments of the invention a SAR is an avian (e.g., chicken) or plant (e.g., Arabadopsis) derived SAR. Many SARs are named based on their location relatively close to a particular gene, e.g., within approximately 1 to approximately 30 kB away from the gene. Exemplary SARs of use in the invention include, but are not limited to, the interferon-β (IFN-β) SAR (Klehr et al., 1991, Biochemistry, 30:1264), the Chinese hamster dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR) gene SARs (Kas et al. 1987, Mol. Biol., 198:677), the hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase (HPRT) gene MAR (Sykes et al., 1988, Mol. Gen. Genet., 212:301); immunoglobulin heavy chain enhancer MAR (Cockerill et al., 1987, J. Biol. Chem., 262:5394; and Lutzko et al., 2003, J. Virol., 77:7341); immunoglobulin-kappa (Igkappa) SAR (Park et al., 2001, Mol. Ther., 4:164). In certain embodiments of the invention a SAR is one that is naturally located relatively close to a gene that is expressed in most or all cell types (e.g., a "housekeeping gene"). In certain embodiments of the invention a SAR is one that is naturally located relatively close to a tissue specific, lineage specific, or cell type specific gene, e.g., within about 30 kB of the gene. Such SARs may provide tissue specific, lineage specific, or cell type specific enhancement of expression. The immunoglobulin heavy chain SAR, which enhances expression in B cells, is but one example.
 A typical ARE for use in the present invention increases the percentage of cells of multiple different types that express a transgene following lentiviral transgenesis. In other words, a transgenic animal generated using a lentiviral vector comprising an ARE expresses a lentivirally transferred transgene in a greater percentage of cells of multiple different types than a transgenic animal generated using an otherwise identical lentiviral vector not comprising an ARE. In certain embodiments of the invention the effect of an ARE is increased by and/or requires presence of a SAR in the lentiviral vector in addition to the ARE. Multiple cell types may, for example, be at least 2, 3, 4, or more different cell types. Cell types may be hematopoietic cell types such as T cells, B cells, granulocytes (e.g., neutrophils), macrophages, etc.
 The ability of any ARE or any ARE and SAR to increase the percentage of cells that express a transgene may be determined by comparing the percentage of cells that express a transgene in transgenic animals generated using a lentiviral vector comprising an ARE or an ARE and SAR with the percentage of cells that express a transgene in transgenic animals generated using an otherwise identical lentiviral vector that does not comprise an ARE. A typical ARE is one whose presence in a lentiviral vector results in expression of a lentivirally transferred transgene in at least approximately 50% of the cells of 2, 3, 4, or more different cell types, e.g., any 2, 3, 4, or more hematopoietic cell types such as 13 cell, T cell, macrophages, granulocytes (e.g., neutrophils), etc., in a transgenic animal generated using the vector and/or in descendants of the transgenic animal. In certain embodiments of the invention the percentage of cells of multiple different types that express the transgene averages between approximately 50% and approximately 60%, approximately 70%, approximately 80%, approximately 90%, or approximately 100%; between approximately 60% and approximately 70%, approximately 80%, approximately 90%, or approximately 100%; between approximately 70% and approximately 80%, approximately 90%, or approximately 100%; between approximately 80% and approximately 90% or approximately 100%; or between approximately 90% and approximately 100%.
 In certain embodiments of the invention the effect of an ARE is increased by and/or requires presence of a SAR in the lentiviral vector in addition to an ARE. SARs can be similarly tested to determine whether they enhance the effect of any particular ARE on expression in multiple cell types following lentiviral transgenesis when present in a lentiviral vector that comprises an ARE. In certain embodiments of the invention an ARE or an ARE and SAR provide a stable increase in the percentage of cells that express a transgene in at least 2, 3, or 4 generations of descendants of the transgenic animal. For example, the percentage of cells of multiple different types that express a transgene averages between approximately 50% and approximately 60%, approximately 70%, approximately 80%, approximately 90%, or approximately 100%; between approximately 60% and approximately 70%, approximately 80%, approximately 90%, or approximately 100%; between approximately 70% and approximately 80%, approximately 90%, or approximately 100%; between approximately 80% and approximately 90% or approximately 100%; or between approximately 90% and approximately 100%, in the F2, F3, and F4 generation. The cells may be, e.g., any 2, 3, 4, or more hematopoietic cell types such as B cell, T cell, macrophages, granulocytes, etc.
 An ARE and optional SAR are preferably positioned in operable association with a regulatory sequence in a lentiviral vector of the invention. An ARE is considered to be in operable association with a regulatory sequence if it provides improved expression of a nucleic acid sequence that is positioned in operable association with the regulatory sequence in multiple cell types following lentiviral transgenesis, as described above, as compared with the expression that would be obtained without the ARE. A SAR is considered to be in operable association with an ARE and a regulatory sequence if it provides improved expression of a nucleic acid sequence that is positioned in operable association with the regulatory sequence in multiple cell types following lentiviral transgenesis as compared with the expression that would be obtained without the SAR. It will be appreciated that the position of an ARE and optional SAR with respect to regulatory sequence(s) can be varied and, if desired, can be optimized to provide desirable, e.g., maximum, percentages of transgene-expressing cells of any one or more cell types.
 Lentiviral particles of the present invention include viral Gag, Pol, and Env proteins and a viral genome that comprises a nucleic acid comprising an ARE, sequences sufficient for reverse transcription and packaging, and optionally a SAR. In certain embodiments of the invention the viral genome further comprises regulatory sequences sufficient to promote transcription of an operably linked sequence of interest. In certain specific embodiments of the invention, recombinant lentiviral particles are replication-defective, i.e., the viral genome does not encode functional forms of all the proteins necessary for the infective cycle. For example, sequences encoding a structural protein or a protein required for replication may be mutated or disrupted or may be partly or completely deleted and/or replaced by a different nucleic acid sequence, e.g., a nucleic acid sequence of interest that is to be introduced into a target cell. However, sequences required for reverse transcription, integration, and packaging are typically functional.
 Lentiviral particles of the invention may be produced using methods known in the art. To produce infectious viral particles that can be used to deliver a recombinant lentiviral genome to cells and mediate reverse transcription and integration, required viral proteins are provided in trans. Proteins may be provided by a packaging cell that has been engineered to produce them, e.g., by integrating coding regions of gag, pal, and env genes into the cellular genome, operably linked to suitable regulatory sequences for transcription of the coding region, which may or may not be derived from a virus. Packaging cell lines that express retrovirus proteins are well known in the art and include Ψ2, PA137, and PA12, etc. (see, e.g., U.S. Pat. Nos. 4,650,764, 5,955,331, and 6,013,516; and Sheridan et al., 2000, Molecular Therapy, 2:262). To produce a recombinant virus, a packaging cell is stably or transiently transfected with a vector, e.g., a plasmid, that provides a replication defective viral genome comprising functional sequences for reverse transcription, integration; and packaging. Viral genomes transcribed from the vector are packaged with viral enzymes, yielding infectious viral particles. Alternatively or additionally, a helper virus can be used.
 Instead of using packaging cell lines that stably express required viral proteins, cells can be transfected with vectors, e.g., plasmids, that comprise nucleic acid sequences encoding the proteins, operably linked to regulatory sequences for transcription of the coding region, that may or may not be derived from a virus (see, e.g., U.S. Pat. No. 6,013,516; Naldini et al., 1996, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci., USA, 93:11382; and Naldini et al., 1996, Science, 272:263). For example, three vectors can be used to produce recombinant lentiviral particles. A first vector comprises sequences encoding structural proteins and enzymes of a lentivirus. A second vector comprises sequences encoding an envelope protein. These vectors can, and preferably do, lack functional cis-acting viral sequences needed for reverse transcription, integration, and packaging. Thus they typically lack LTRs and instead use a non-LTR promoter to drive transcription.
 A third vector includes cis-acting viral sequences necessary for reverse transcription, integration, and packaging, which typically include at least a portion of one or both LTRs. The third vector includes a site (e.g., a restriction site) into which a nucleic acid sequence of interest is or can be inserted. In some embodiments, insertion may destroy the restriction site. Such a vector is referred to in the art and herein as a "transfer vector," "transfer construct," or "transfer plasmid." A lentiviral transfer vector comprising an ARE and optionally a SAR is an aspect of the present invention. Optionally a transfer vector may include an internal promoter or other regulatory sequence(s) that can drive expression of an operably linked nucleic acid sequence of interest. Following insertion of the nucleic acid sequence of interest into a transfer vector, the three vectors are co-transfected into suitable cells for production of viral particles. Many different types of cell may be used to generate infectious viral particles, provided that the cells are permissive for transcription from the promoters employed. Suitable host cells include, for example, 293 cells and derivatives thereof such as 293.T, 293FT (Invitrogen), 293F, NIH3T3 cells and derivatives thereof, etc.
 The various proteins need not originate from the same virus. For example, gag and poi genes may be derived from any of a wide variety of retroviruses or lentiviruses. According to certain embodiments of the invention gag and pol genes are derived from a lentivirus. According to certain embodiments of the invention gag and poi genes are derived from HIV, e.g., HIV-1 or HIV-2. Envelope protein can be derived from the same virus from which the other viral proteins are derived, from a different retrovirus or lentivirus, or can include portions of envelope proteins that originate from two or more retroviruses or lentiviruses. Alternatively or additionally, a non-retroviral envelope protein such as the VSV G glycoprotein is used. Use of a non-retroviral envelope protein can significantly reduce or eliminate the possibility of generating replication competent virus during vector manufacturing or after introduction of the vectors into cells and can expand the range of cell types and/or species that virus can enter. Thus the envelope protein may be one that allows virus to enter cells of only a single species (e.g., cells of a species that is a natural host for virus from which the envelope protein is derived) or may allow virus to enter cells of multiple different species. For example, envelope protein may limit the range of species whose cells can be entered to mice and/or other rodents, or may limit the range to humans and/or other primates or may allow entry of rodent and primate cells.
 A lentiviral vector comprising a nucleic acid that comprises an ARE and, optionally, a SAR, can be constructed using any suitable method known in the art. Lentiviral transfer plasmids may be constructed using standard methods of molecular biology. An ARE or SAR can be amplified from genomic DNA, e.g., using PCR, and appropriate amplification primers. An ARE or SAR can be provided as a restriction fragment that can be linked to other nucleic acids to construct a plasmid or recombinant lentiviral genome. Alternatively or additionally, an ARE or SAR can be inserted into an existing plasmid or lentiviral genome. An ARE and, optionally, a SAR, can be inserted into any lentiviral transfer plasmid known in the art or any newly designed lentiviral transfer plasmid or recombinant lentiviral genome. Examples of useful transfer plasmids into which an ARE and optional SAR can be inserted include the pLL series of vectors (U.S. Patent Publication 2005/0251872; Rubinson, et al., 2003), pFUGW or pBFGW (Lois et al. 2002, Science, 295:868), pCCL (Zufferey et al., 1998, J. Virol., 72:9873), and variants of any of the foregoing, e.g., transfer plasmids that comprise different or additional promoters or other regulatory sequences. The resulting lentiviral transfer plasmid may be used to produce lentiviral particles whose genome comprises an ARE and optional SAR or for any of a variety of other purposes described herein. Alternatively or additionally, an ARE and optional SAR can be inserted directly into any nucleic acid comprising a naturally occurring or recombinant lentiviral genome known in the art.
 Either an ARE, the SAR, or both, can be present in a lentiviral vector in either orientation relative to its naturally occurring orientation in a eukaryotic genome. Certain SARs such as the IFN-β SAR are desirably present in reverse orientation in the lentiviral vector relative to their naturally occurring orientation.
 An exemplary lentiviral transfer plasmid, pLL3.7 is shown in FIG. 1, prior to introduction of an ARE and optional SAR (see U.S. Patent Publication 2005/0251872 for the nucleotide sequence of this plasmid). For purposes of description, nucleotides are numbered in a clockwise direction with reference to nucleotide 0 (indicated on the Figure), and elements having lower nucleotide numbers are considered 5' to elements having higher nucleotide numbers. Thus, for example, the cauliflower mosaic virus (CMV) element is 5' to all other elements shown. Various sequence elements depicted in the map are not shown to scale. Presence of a particular element on a map is not intended to indicate that the entire sequence element is necessarily present. For example, according to certain embodiments of the invention a portion of the 5' LTR is deleted.
 An ARE and, optionally, a SAR can be inserted in a variety of different locations in a lentiviral vector such as pLL3.7. Typically an ARE and optional SAR are inserted between portions of the vector that comprise sequences for reverse transcription and packaging. In certain embodiments of the invention the vector comprises 5' and 3' LTRs and the ARE and optional SAR are located between the 5' and 3' LTR. The ARE and SAR may be located in the 3' direction from a packaging sequence. The ARE may be located 5' to the SAR or 3' to the SAR. The ARE and SAR may flank regulatory sequences sufficient to promote transcription of an operably linked nucleic acid sequence, e.g., a sequence that encodes an RNA of interest, e.g., an RNAi agent or a coding sequence for a polypeptide of interest. Regulatory sequences may comprise an RNA polymerase I or III (Pol I or Pol III) promoter functional in eukaryotic cells, e.g., mammalian or avian cells. Regulatory sequences may be located upstream of a site for insertion of a heterologous nucleic acid. An ARE and SAR may flank two or more distinct regulatory sequences, e.g., two different promoters, each capable of promoting transcription of an operably linked nucleic acid. An ARE and SAR may flank an expression cassette that encodes an RNA of interest, e.g., an RNAi agent or a coding sequence for a polypeptide of interest. Typically an ARE and optional SAR are positioned appropriately with respect to the regulatory sequence(s) so that the ARE and optional SAR provide improved expression of a nucleic acid sequence in operable association with the regulatory sequences in multiple cell types following lentiviral transgenesis, as described above. An ARE may be separated from a regulatory sequence by between, e.g., approximately 10 nucleotides and approximately 1000 nucleotides or any intervening number of nucleotides in various embodiments of the invention. A SAR may be separated from the 3' end of a heterologous nucleic acid in operable association with a regulatory sequence by, e.g., between approximately 10 nucleotides and approximately 1000 nucleotides or any intervening number of nucleotides.
 The upper portion of FIG. 8b depicts a portion of pLL3.7 prior to insertion of an ARE and SAR. Certain sequence elements that may be present, some of which are described below, are omitted. For example, the vector may comprise an HIV FLAP element, a posttranscriptional regulatory element, etc. The portion of the vector as shown in FIG. 8b encodes an shRNA in operable association with the U6 promoter, but it is to be understood that a vector of the invention includes versions either with or without a heterologous sequence in operable association with the regulatory sequences included in the vector. The lower portion of FIG. 8b shows a portion of an exemplary vector of the present invention, pLB, which was created by inserting an ARE (a portion of anti-repressor 40) and an SAR into pLL3.7. As shown in FIG. 8b, the ARE is located in the 3' direction from the 5' LTR and the SAR is located in the 5' direction from the 3' LTR. The ARE and SAR flank two expression cassettes, one of which comprises a template for transcription of an RNA that self-hybridizes to form an shRNA and the other of which comprises a coding sequence for a reporter. It is to be understood that a vector of the invention includes versions either with or without a heterologous sequence in operable association with the regulatory sequences included in the vector. It will be appreciated that a variety of additional elements may be included in the cassette whose borders are defined by the LTRs and that the elements may be provided in a variety of orders.
 Representative exemplary arrangements of the various sequence elements in a lentiviral vector of the invention are: 5'LTR-ARE-regulatory sequence-SAR-3' LTR or 5'LTR-SAR-regulatory sequence-ARE-3'LTR or 5'LTR-ARE-regulatory sequence 1-regulatory sequence 2-SAR-3' LTR or 5'LTR-ARE-regulatory sequence 1 SAR-regulatory sequence 2-3' LTR or 5'LTR-SAR-regulatory sequence 1 regulatory sequence 2-ARE-3' LTR or 5'LTR-ARE-regulatory sequence 1-SAR-regulatory sequence 2-3'. If the cassette includes additional elements such as a FLAP element and/or PRE, the order may be 5'LTR-FLAP-ARE-regulatory sequence 1-SAR-PRE-3' LTR 5'LTR-FLAP-SAR-regulatory sequence 1-ARE-PRE-3' LTR or 5'LTR-FLAP-ARE-regulatory sequence 1-regulatory sequence 2-SAR-PRE-3' LTR- or 5'LTR-FLAP-SAR-regulatory sequence 1-regulatory sequence 2-ARE-PRE-3' LTR or 5'LTR-FLAP-ARE-regulatory sequence 1-SAR-regulatory sequence 2-PRE-3' LTR. In certain embodiments of the present invention a first regulatory sequence comprises a pol l or pol III promoter and a second regulatory sequence comprises a Pol II promoter. The invention provides vectors that comprise heterologous nucleic acids operably linked to regulatory sequences and vectors that do not comprise heterologous nucleic acids but into which heterologous nucleic acids may be inserted. In some embodiments vectors include at least one cloning site, e.g., a restriction site. Either or both regulatory sequences may have a cloning site situated in proximity to it, e.g., in the 3' direction, such that a heterologous nucleic acid sequence inserted into the cloning site would be in operable association with the regulatory sequence. The cloning site may be a multiple cloning site (MCS) comprising at least two restriction sites, e.g., 2, 3, 4, 5, or more restriction sites.
 According to certain embodiments of the invention, lentiviral vectors are HIV-based. As used herein, a lentiviral vector is said to be "based on" a particular lentivirus species (e.g., HIV-1) or group (e.g., primate lentivirus group) if (i) at least approximately 50% of the lentiviral sequences found in the vector are derived from a lentivirus of that particular species or group or (ii) the lentiviral sequences are at least approximately 50% identical to either a particular lentivirus species or group member, or (iii) the lentiviral sequences display greater identity or homology to a lentivirus of that particular species or group than to other known lentiviruses. In certain embodiments of the invention at least approximately 50%, approximately 60%, approximately 70%, approximately 80%, approximately 90% or more, e.g., all, of the lentiviral sequences are derived from (i.e., originate from), HIV-1 or HIV-2. Whether a sequence is derived from a particular Lentivirus can be determined by sequence comparison using, e.g., a program such as BLAST, BLASTNR, or CLUSTALW (or variations thereof), which are well known in the art. BLAST is described (Altschul et al., 1990, J. Mol. Biol., 215:403; Altschul and Gish, Methods in Enzymology). Searches and sequence comparisons can be performed using default parameters and matrices (e.g., BLOSUM substitution matrix), typically allowing gaps so as to maximize identity.
 As noted above, a lentiviral vector typically comprises a nucleic acid that includes cis-acting sequence elements required to support reverse transcription of a lentiviral genome and also cis-acting sequence elements necessary for packaging and integration. These sequences typically include the Psi (Ψ) packaging sequence, reverse transcription signals, integration signals, promoter or promoter/enhancer, polyadenylation sequence, tRNA binding site, and origin for second strand DNA synthesis. According to certain embodiments of the invention the vector comprises a Rev Response Element (RRE) such as that located at positions 7622-8459 in the HIV NL4-3 genome (Genbank accession number AF003887). RREs from other strains of HIV could also be used. Such sequences are readily available from Genbank or from the database with URL hiv-web.lanl.gov/content/index. In certain embodiments of the invention a vector comprises a 5' HIV R-U5-del gag element such as that located at positions 454-1126 in the HIV NL4-3 genome. In certain specific embodiments of the invention the transfer plasmid comprises a sequence encoding a selectable marker and an origin of replication that allows the plasmid to replicate within bacterial cells. Any of a variety of genes encoding a selectable marker known in the art could be used, e.g., the ampicillin resistance gene (AmpR), kanamycin resistance gene (KanR), etc. Any of a variety of origins of replication known in the art could be used, e.g., the pUC origin. Further details of various features and elements mentioned above (and others) are more fully described in the following sections.
 Lentiviral Sequences
 Lentiviral transfer vectors and lentiviral particles of the invention may include lentiviral sequences derived from any of a wide variety of lentiviruses including, but not limited to, primate lentivirus group viruses such as human immunodeficiency viruses HIV-1 and HIV-2 or simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV); feline lentivirus group viruses such as feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV); ovine/caprine immunodeficiency group viruses such as caprine arthritis encephalitis virus (CAEV); bovine immunodeficiency-like virus (BIV); equine lentivirus group viruses such as equine infectious anemia virus (EIAV); and visna/maedi (VMV) virus. It will be appreciated that each of these viruses exists in multiple variants or strains.
 According to certain specific embodiments of the invention, most or all of the lentiviral sequences are derived from HIV-1. However, it is to be understood that many different sources of lentiviral sequences can be used, and numerous substitutions and alterations in certain of the lentiviral sequences may be accommodated without impairing the ability of a transfer plasmid to perform the functions described herein. Such variations are within the scope of the invention. The ability of any particular lentiviral transfer plasmid to transfer nucleic acids and/or to be used to produce a lentiviral particle capable of infecting and transducing cells may readily be tested by methods known in the art, some of which are described herein and/or in the references.
 Long Terminal Repeats (LTRs)
 A lentiviral transfer plasmid or the genome of a lentiviral particle of the invention typically comprises at least one LTR or portion thereof. In certain embodiments of the invention the lentiviral transfer plasmid or genome comprises two LTRs or portions thereof, wherein the two LTRs or portions thereof flank regulatory sequences that are sufficient to promote transcription of an operably linked nucleic acid. According to certain embodiments of the invention the transfer vector includes a self-inactivating (SIN) LTR. As is known in the art, during the retroviral life cycle, the U3 region of the 3' LTR is duplicated to form the corresponding region of the 5' LTR in the course of reverse transcription and viral DNA synthesis. In one embodiment, creation of a SIN LTR is achieved by inactivating the U3 region of the 3' LTR (e.g., by deletion of a portion thereof as described in Miyoshi, et al., 2003). The alteration is transferred to the 5' LTR after reverse transcription, thus eliminating the transcriptional unit of the LTRs in the provirus, which should prevent mobilization by replication competent virus. An additional safety enhancement is provided by replacing the U3 region of the LTR with a heterologous promoter to drive transcription of the viral genome during production of viral particles. Appropriate promoters include, e.g., the CMV promoter or promoter-enhances (Schmidt, 1990). Typical promoters are able to drive high levels of transcription in a Tat-independent manner. This replacement reduces the possibility of recombination to generate replication-competent virus because there is no complete U3 sequence in the virus production system. Thus, in certain embodiments of the invention, a transfer plasmid includes a self-inactivating (SIN) 3' LTR. In certain embodiments of the invention, a transfer plasmid includes a 5' LTR in which the U3 region is replaced with a heterologous promoter. The heterologous promoter drives transcription during transient transfection, but after reverse transcription, it gets replaced by a copy of U3 from the 3' LTR, which in the case of a SIN LTR comprises a deletion that makes it unable to drive transcription. Thus all transcription is driven by the internal promoter after integration.
 FLAP Element
 According to certain embodiments of the invention a transfer plasmid includes a FLAP element. As used herein, the term "FLAP element" refers to a nucleic acid whose sequence includes the central polypurine tract and central termination sequences (cPPT and CTS) of a retrovirus. Typically the retrovirus is a lentivirus, e.g., HIV-1 or HIV-2. Suitable FLAP elements are described in U.S. Pat. No. 6,682,907. As described therein and in Zennou, et al., (2000, Cell, 101:173), during HIV-1 reverse transcription, central initiation of the plus-strand DNA at the central polypurine tract (cPPT) and central termination at the central termination sequence (CTS) lead to the formation of a three-stranded DNA structure: the HIV-1 central DNA flap. While not wishing to be bound by any theory, the DNA flap may act as a cis-active determinant of lentiviral genome nuclear import and/or may increase the titer of the virus.
 Expression-Stimulating Posttranscriptional Regulatory Element
 In certain embodiments of the invention, lentiviral vectors comprise any of a variety of posttranscriptional regulatory elements whose presence within a transcript increases expression of the heterologous nucleic acid at the protein level. One example is the posttranscriptional regulatory element (PRE) is the woodchuck hepatitis virus regulatory element (WRE) as described (Zufferey et al., 1999, J. Virol., 73:2886): Other posttranscriptional regulatory elements that may be used include the posttranscriptional processing element present within the genome of various viruses such as that present within the thymidine kinase gene of herpes simplex virus (Liu et al., 1995, Genes Dev., 9:1766), and the posttranscriptional regulatory element (PRE) present in hepatitis B virus (HBV) (Huang et al., Mol. Cell. Biol., 5:3864). The posttranscriptional regulatory element is positioned so that a heterologous nucleic acid inserted into the transfer plasmid in the 5' direction from the element will result in production of a transcript that includes the posttranscriptional regulatory element at the 3' end. FIG. 1 shows an example of a transfer plasmid incorporating a WRE downstream of sites for insertion of one or more heterologous nucleic acid sequences. FIG. 6 shows an example of a transfer plasmid in which a heterologous nucleic acid encoding EGFP has been inserted in the 5' direction from a WRE and the ubiquitin C (UbC) promoter has been inserted upstream of the sequence encoding EGFP. This configuration results in synthesis of a transcript whose 5' portion comprises EGFP coding sequences and whose 3' portion comprises the WRE sequence.
 According to certain embodiments of the invention, a lentiviral vector further comprises an insulator. Insulators are elements that can help to preserve the independent function of genes or transcription units embedded in a genome or genetic context in which their expression may otherwise be influenced by regulatory signals within the genome or genetic context (see, e.g., Burgess-Beusse et al., 2002, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci., USA, 99:16433; and Zhan et al., 2001, Hum. Genet., 109:471). In the context of the present invention, insulators may contribute to protecting lentivirus-expressed sequences from integration site effects, which may be mediated by cis-acting elements present in genomic DNA and lead to deregulated expression of transferred sequences. The invention provides transfer vectors in which an insulator sequence is inserted into one or both LTRs or elsewhere in the region of the vector that integrates into the cellular genome.
 Promoters and Other Transcription Promoting Regulatory Elements
 Any of a wide variety of regulatory sequences sufficient to promote transcription of an operably linked nucleic acid may be included in lentiviral vectors of the present invention. A vector may include one, two, or more heterologous promoters or promoter/enhancer regions, where "heterologous" here means that the regulatory sequence is not derived from the same lentivirus as the sequences sufficient for reverse transcription and/or packaging. They may be derived from a eukaryotic organism, from a virus other than a lentivirus, or from a different lentivirus. The regulatory sequences may be in the same or in opposite orientation with respect to each other.
 One of ordinary skill in the art will readily be able to select appropriate regulatory sequences depending upon the particular application. For example, sometimes it will be desirable to achieve constitutive, non-tissue specific, high level expression of a heterologous nucleic acid sequence. For such purposes viral promoters or promoter/enhancers such as the SV40 promoter, CMV promoter or promoter/enhancer, etc., may be employed. Mammalian promoters such as the beta-actin promoter, ubiquitin C promoter, elongation factor 1α promoter, tubulin promoter, etc., may also be used. If the vectors are to be used in non-mammalian cells, e.g., avian cells, appropriate promoters for such cells should be selected. It may be desirable to achieve cell type specific, lineage specific, or tissue-specific expression of a heterologous nucleic acid sequence (e.g., to express a particular heterologous nucleic acid in only a subset of cell types or tissues or during specific stages of development), tissue-specific promoters may be used. For example, it may be desirable to achieve conditional expression in the case of transgenic animals or for therapeutic applications, including gene therapy. As used herein, the terms "cell type specific" or "tissue specific promoter" refers to a regulatory element (e.g., promoter, promoter/enhancer or portion thereof) that preferentially directs transcription in only a subset of cell or tissue types, or during discrete stages in the development of a cell, tissue, or organism. A tissue specific promoter may direct transcription in only a single cell type or in multiple cell types (e.g., two to several different cell types) that are characteristically found in a particular tissue and not in most or all other tissues. Numerous cell type or tissue-specific promoters are known, and one of ordinary skill in the art will readily be able to identify tissue specific promoters (or to determine whether any particular promoter is a tissue specific promoter) from the literature or by performing experiments such as Northern blots, immunoblots, etc. in which expression of either an endogenous gene or a reporter gene operably linked to the promoter is compared in different cell or tissue types). For example, the nestin, neural specific enolase, NeuN, and GFAP promoters direct transcription in various neural or glial lineage cells; the keratin 5 promoter directs transcription in keratinocytes; the MyoD promoter directs transcription in skeletal muscle cells; the insulin promoter directs transcription, in pancreatic beta cells; the CYP450 3A4 promoter directs transcription in hepatocytes. A lineage specific promoter directs transcription in cells of a particular lineage and not in fully differentiated cells of most or all other lineages. For example, the promoter may direct transcription in cells types of the B cell lineage, T cell lineage, macrophage lineage, etc.
 The invention therefore provides lentiviral transfer vectors as described above comprising a cell type or tissue-specific promoter and methods of using the transfer plasmids and lentiviral particles derived therefrom to achieve cell type or tissue specific expression. In general, promoters are active in mammalian cells. According to certain embodiments of the invention a cell type specific promoter is specific for cell types found in the brain (e.g., neurons, glial cells), liver (e.g., hepatocytes), pancreas, skeletal muscle (e.g., myocytes), immune system (e.g., T cells, B cells, macrophages), heart (e.g., cardiac myocytes), retina, skin (e.g., keratinocytes), bone (e.g., osteoblasts or osteoclasts), etc.
 Certain embodiments of the invention provide conditional expression of a heterologous nucleic acid sequence, e.g., expression is controlled by subjecting a cell; tissue, organism, etc., to a treatment or condition that causes the heterologous nucleic acid to be expressed or that causes an increase or decrease in expression of the heterologous nucleic acid. As used herein, "conditional expression" may refer to any type of conditional expression including, but not limited to, inducible expression; repressible expression; expression in cells or tissues having a particular physiological, biological, or disease state, etc. This definition is not intended to exclude cell type or tissue-specific expression.
 One approach to achieving conditional expression involves the use of inducible promoters. As used herein, the term "inducible promoter" refers to a regulatory element (e.g., a promoter, promoter/enhancer, or portion thereof) whose transcriptional activity may be regulated by exposing a cell or tissue comprising a nucleic acid sequence operably linked to the promoter to a treatment or condition that alters the transcriptional activity of the promoter, resulting in increased transcription of the nucleic acid sequence. For convenience, as used herein, the term "inducible promoter" also includes repressible promoters, i.e., promoters whose transcriptional activity may be regulated by exposing a cell or tissue comprising a nucleic acid sequence operably linked to the promoter to a treatment or condition that alters the transcriptional activity of the promoter, resulting in decreased transcription of the nucleic acid sequence. Typical inducible promoters are active in mammalian cells. Inducible promoters include, but are not limited to, steroid-inducible promoters such as promoters for genes encoding glucocorticoid or estrogen receptors (inducible by treatment with the corresponding hormone), metallothionine promoter (inducible by treatment with various heavy metals), MX-1 promoter (inducible by interferon), etc. The invention therefore provides lentiviral transfer plasmids as described above comprising a tissue-specific promoter and methods of using transfer plasmids and lentiviral particles derived therefrom to achieve cell type or tissue specific expression.
 Another approach to achieving conditional expression involves use of binary transgenic systems, in which gene expression is controlled by the interaction of two components: a "target" transgene and an "effector" transgene, whose product acts on the target transgene. See, e.g., Lewandoski, 2001, Nature Reviews Genetics, 2:743 and articles referenced therein, all of which are incorporated herein by reference, for reviews of methods for achieving conditional expression in mice.
 In general, binary transgenic systems fall into two categories. In the first type of system, the effector transactivates transcription of the target transgene. For example, in tetracycline-dependent regulatory systems (Gossen, M. & Bujard, H, Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 89, 5547-5551, 1992), the effector is a fusion of sequences that encode the VP16 transactivation domain and the Escherichia coli tetracycline repressor (TetR) protein, which specifically binds both tetracycline and the 19-bp operator sequences (tetO) of the tet operon in the target transgene, resulting in its transcription. In the original system, the tetracycline-controlled transactivator (tTA) cannot bind DNA when the inducer is present, while in a modified version, the "reverse tTA" (rtTA) binds DNA only when the inducer is present ("tet-on"; Gossen et al., Science 1995, 268:766). The current inducer of choice is doxycycline (Dox). The invention therefore provides lentiviral transfer plasmids as described above comprising a tetracycline-controlled transactivator or reverse tetracycline-controlled transactivator, lentiviral transfer plasmids comprising operator sequences of the tet operon to which the tetracycline-controlled transactivator or reverse tetracycline-controlled transactivator specifically bind, and methods of using the transfer plasmids and lentiviral particles derived therefrom to achieve conditional expression, including the generation of transgenic animals in which conditional expression is achieved. Another example is the "GeneSwitch" mifepristone-regulatable system (Sirin et al., 2003, Gene, 323:67).
 In the second type of system, the effector is a site-specific DNA recombinase that rearranges the target gene, thereby activating or silencing it, as further described below. In order to achieve conditional expression in cells or tissues having a particular physiological, biological, or disease state, a promoter that is selectively active in cells or tissue having that particular physiological, biological, or disease state may be used.
 In certain embodiments of the invention a promoter recognized by RNA polymerase III (pol III promoter), such as the U6 or H1 promoter, or a promoter recognized by RNA polymerase I (pol I promoter), such as a tRNA promoter, is used. According to certain embodiments of the invention the pol I or pol III promoter is inducible see, e.g., van de Wetering Met al., 2003, EMBO Rep., 4:609).
 Recombination Sites for Site-Specific Recombinase
 According to certain embodiments of the invention the transfer plasmid includes at least one (typically two) site(s) for recombination mediated by a site-specific recombinase. Site-specific recombinases catalyze introduction or excision of DNA fragments from a longer DNA molecule. These enzymes recognize a relatively short, unique nucleic acid sequence, which serves for both recognition and recombination. Typically a recombination site is composed of short inverted repeats (6, 7, or 8 base pairs in length) and the length of the DNA-binding element is typically approximately 11 to approximately 13 bp in length.
 The vectors may comprise one or more recombination sites for any of a wide variety of site-specific recombinases. It is to be understood that the target site for a site-specific recombinase is in addition to any site(s) required for integration of the lentiviral genome. According to various embodiments of the invention, a lentiviral vector includes one or more sites for a recombinase enzyme selected from the group consisting of Cre, XerD, HP1 and Flp. These enzymes and their recombination sites are well known in the art (see, for example, Sauer et al., 1989, Nucleic Acids Res., 17:147; Gorman et al., 2000, Curr. Op. Biotechnol., 11:455; O'Gorman et al., 1991, Science, 251:1351; Kolb, 2002, Cloning Stem Cells, 4:65; Kuhn et al., 2002, Methods Mol. Biol., 180:175).
 These recombinases catalyze a conservative DNA recombination event between two 34-bp recognition sites (loxP and FRT, respectively). Placing a heterologous nucleic acid sequence operably linked to a promoter element between two loxP sites (in which case the sequence is "floxed") allows for controlled expression of the heterologous sequence following transfer into a cell. By inducing expression of Cre within the cell, the heterologous nucleic acid sequence is excised, thus preventing further transcription and effectively eliminating expression of the sequence. This system has a number of applications including Cre-mediated gene activation (in which either heterologous or endogenous genes may be activated, e.g., by removal of an inhibitory element or a polyadenylation site), creation of transgenic animals exhibiting temporal control of Cre expression, cell-lineage analysis in transgenic animals, and generation of tissue-specific knockouts or knockdowns in transgenic animals.
 According to certain embodiments of the invention, a lentiviral vector includes two loxP sites. Furthermore, in certain specific embodiments of the invention, a vector includes a cloning site, e.g., a unique restriction site, between two loxP sites, which allows for convenient insertion of a heterologous nucleic acid sequence. According to certain embodiments of the invention, a vector includes a MCS between two loxP sites. According to certain embodiments of the invention, the two loxP sites are located between an HIV FLAP element and a WRE. According to certain embodiments of the invention, a vector comprises a unique restriction site between the 3' loxP site and the WRE.
 As described above, positioning a heterologous nucleic acid sequence between loxP sites allows for controlled expression of the heterologous sequence following transfer into a cell. By inducing Cre expression within the cell, the heterologous nucleic acid sequence is excised, thus preventing further transcription and effectively eliminating expression of the sequence. Cre expression may be induced in any of a variety of ways. For example, Cre may be present in the cells under control of an inducible promoter, and Cre expression may be induced by activating the promoter. Alternatively or additionally, Cre expression may be induced by introducing an expression vector that directs expression of Cre into the cell. Any suitable expression vector can be used, including, but not limited to, viral vectors such as adenoviral vectors. The phrase "inducing Cre expression" as used herein refers to any process that results in an increased level of Cre within a cell.
 Lentiviral transfer plasmids comprising two loxP sites are useful in any applications for which standard vectors comprising two loxP sites can be used. For example, selectable markers may be placed between the loxP sites. This allows for sequential and repeated targeting of multiple genes to a single cell (or its progeny). After introduction of a transfer plasmid comprising a floxed selectable marker into a cell, stable transfectants may be selected. After isolation of a stable transfectant, the marker can be excised by induction of Cre. The marker may then be used to target a second gene to the cell or its progeny. Lentiviral particles comprising a lentiviral genome derived from the transfer plasmids may be used in the same manner.
 As another example, standard gene-targeting techniques may be used to produce a mouse in which an essential region of a gene of interest is foxed, so that tissue-specific Cre expression results in the inactivation of this allele. The transfer plasmids may be introduced into cells (e.g., ES cells) using pronuclear injection. Alternately, the cells may be injected or infected with lentiviral particles comprising a lentiviral genome derived from the transfer plasmid. Tissue-specific Cre expression may be achieved by crossing a mouse line with a conditional allele (e.g., a foxed nucleic acid sequence) to an effector mouse line that expresses cre in a tissue-specific manner, so that progeny are produced in which the conditional allele is inactivated only in those tissues or cells that express Cre. Suitable transgenic lines are known in the art and may be found, for example, in the Cre Transgenic Database at the Web site having URL www.mshri.on.ca/nagy/Cre-pub.html. When lentiviral vectors are used for RNAi (see below), this approach may allow for silencing of genes whose expression is essential during only part of an animal's development at a time following the stage during which expression is required.
 Transfer plasmids and lentiviral particles of the invention may be used to achieve constitutive, conditional, reversible, or tissue-specific expression in cells, tissues, or organisms, including transgenic animals (see below). The invention provides a method of reversibly expressing a transcript in a cell comprising: (i) delivering a lentiviral vector to the cell, wherein the lentiviral vector comprises a heterologous nucleic acid, and wherein the heterologous nucleic acid is located between sites for a site-specific recombinase; and (ii) inducing expression of the site-specific recombinase within the cell, thereby preventing synthesis of the transcript within those cells. According to certain embodiments of the invention, the cell is a mammalian cell. According to certain embodiments of the invention, the step of inducing the site-specific recombinase comprises introducing a vector encoding the site-specific recombinase into the cell. According to some embodiments of the invention, a nucleic acid encoding the site-specific recombinase is operably linked to an inducible promoter, and the inducing step comprises inducing the promoter as described above.
 The invention provides a variety of methods for achieving conditional and/or tissue-specific expression. For example, the invention provides methods for expressing a transcript in a mammal in a cell type or tissue-specific manner comprising: (i) delivering a lentiviral transfer plasmid or lentiviral particle to cells of the mammal, wherein the lentiviral transfer plasmid or lentiviral particle comprises a heterologous nucleic acid, and wherein the heterologous nucleic acid is located between sites for a site-specific recombinase; and (ii) inducing expression of the site-specific recombinase in a subset of the cells of the mammal, thereby preventing synthesis of the transcript within those cells. According to certain embodiments, the recombinase is Cre. According to certain embodiments of the invention the step of inducing the site-specific recombinase comprises introducing a vector encoding the site-specific recombinase into the cell. According to some embodiments of the invention a nucleic acid encoding the site-specific recombinase is operably linked to an inducible promoter, and the inducing step comprises inducing the promoter as described above. In certain embodiments of the invention the nucleic acid encoding the site-specific recombinase is operably linked to a cell type or tissue-specific promoter, so that synthesis of the recombinase takes place only in cells or tissues in which that promoter is active.
 Internal Ribosome Entry Site (IRES)
 In some embodiments, a lentiviral vector may include an IRES. IRES elements function as initiators of the efficient translation of reading frames. An IRES allows ribosomes to start the translation process anew with whatever is immediately downstream and regardless of whatever was upstream. In particular, an IRES allows for the translation of two different genes on a single transcript. For example, an IRES allows the expression of a marker such as EGFP off the same transcript as a transgene, which has a number of advantages: (1) the transgene is native and does not have any fused open reading frames that might affect function; (2) since the EGFP is from the same transcript, its levels should be an accurate representation of the levels of the upstream transgene. IRES elements are known in the art and are further described (see, e.g., Kim et al., 1992, Mol. Cell. Biol., 12:3636; and McBratney et al., 1993, Curr. Opin. Cell Biol., 5:961). Any of a wide variety of sequences of viral, cellular, or synthetic origin which mediate internal binding of the ribosomes can be used as an IRES. Examples include those IRES elements from poliovirus Type I, the 5'UTR of encephalomyocarditis virus (EMV), of Thelier's murine encephalomyelitis virus (TMEV) of foot and mouth disease virus (FMDV) of bovine enterovirus (BEV), of coxsackie B virus (CBV), or of human rhinovirus (HRV), or the human immunoglobulin heavy chain binding protein (BIP) 5'UTR, the Drosophila antennapediae 5'UTR or the Drosophila ultrabithorax 5'UTR, or genetic hybrids or fragments from the above-listed sequences.
 Episomal Elements
 The presence of appropriate genetic elements from various papovaviruses allows plasmids to be maintained as episomes within mammalian cells. Such plasmids are faithfully distributed to daughter cells. In particular, viral elements of various polyomaviruses and papillomaviruses such as BK virus (BKV), bovine papilloma virus 1 (BPV-1) and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), among others, are useful in this regard. The invention therefore provides lentiviral transfer plasmids comprising a viral element sufficient for stable maintenance of the transfer plasmid as an episome within mammalian cells. Appropriate genetic elements and their use are described, for example, in Van Craenenbroeck et al. (2000, Eur. Biochem., 267:5665 and references therein, all of which are incorporated herein by reference).
 The invention further provides cell lines comprising transfer plasmids described above, i.e., cell lines in which transfer plasmids are stably maintained as episomes. In particular, the invention provides producer cell lines (cell lines that produce proteins needed for production of infectious lentiviral particles) in which transfer plasmids are stably maintained as episomes. According to certain embodiments of the invention, these cell lines constitutively produce lentiviral particles.
 According to some embodiments of the invention, one or more necessary viral proteins is under the control of an inducible promoter. Thus the invention provides helper cell lines in which transfer plasmids are stably expressed as episomes, wherein at least one viral protein expressed by the cell line is under control of an inducible promoter. This allows cells to be expanded under conditions that are not permissive for viral production. Once cells have reached a desired density (e.g., confluence), a desired cell number, etc., the protein whose expression is under control of the inducible promoter can be induced, allowing production of viral particles to begin. This system offers a number of advantages. In particular, since every cell has the required components, titer is increased. In addition, it avoids the necessity of performing a transfection each time a particular virus is desired. Any of a variety of inducible promoters known in the art may be used. One of ordinary skill in the art will readily be able to select an appropriate inducible promoter and apply appropriate techniques to induce expression therefrom.
 The invention thus provides methods of producing lentiviral particles comprising introducing a lentiviral transfer plasmid of the invention, which lentiviral transfer plasmid comprises a genetic element (e.g., a viral element) sufficient for stable maintenance of the transfer plasmid as an episome in mammalian cells, into a helper cell that produces proteins needed for production of infectious lentiviral particles; and culturing the cell for a period sufficient to allow production of lentiviral particles. The invention further provides a method of producing lentiviral particles comprising introducing a lentiviral transfer plasmid of the invention, which lentiviral transfer plasmid comprises a genetic element sufficient for stable maintenance of the transfer plasmid as an episome in mammalian cells, into a helper cell that expresses a protein required for production of lentiviral particles, wherein expression of the protein is under control of an inducible promoter; inducing expression of the protein required for production of lentiviral particles; and culturing the cell for a period sufficient to allow production of lentiviral particles.
 Vectors Comprising Heterologous Nucleic Acids
 The invention provides lentiviral vectors that comprise any of a variety of heterologous nucleic acids, preferably operably linked to regulatory sequences sufficient for transcription of the heterologous nucleic acid. The heterologous nucleic acid may be inserted at any available site within the vector including, but not limited to, at a restriction site within an MCS. A heterologous nucleic acid may be a naturally occurring sequence or variant thereof or an artificial sequence. Heterologous nucleic acids may already comprise one or more regulatory sequences such as promoters, initiation sequences, processing sequences, etc. Alternatively or additionally, such regulatory elements may be present within the vector prior to insertion of the heterologous nucleic acid.
 According to certain embodiments of the invention, the inserted heterologous sequence is a reporter gene sequence. A reporter gene sequence, as used herein, is any gene sequence which, when expressed, results in the production of a protein whose presence or activity can be monitored. Suitable reporter gene sequences include, but are not limited to, sequences encoding chemiluminescent or fluorescent proteins such as green fluorescent protein (GFP) and variants thereof such as enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP); cyan fluorescent protein; yellow fluorescent protein; blue fluorescent protein; dsRed or dsRed2, luciferase, aequorin, etc. Many of these markers and their uses are reviewed in van Roessel et al. (2002, Nature Cell Biology, 4:E15 and references therein, all of which are incorporated herein by reference). Additional examples of suitable reporter genes include the gene for galactokinase, beta-galactosidase, chloramphenicol acetyltransferase, beta-lactamase, etc. Alternatively, the reporter gene sequence may be any gene sequence whose expression produces a gene product which affects cell physiology or phenotype. In general, a reporter gene sequence typically encodes a protein that is not normally present within a cell into which the transfer plasmid is to be introduced.
 According to certain embodiments of the invention the inserted heterologous sequence is a selectable marker gene sequence, which term is used herein to refer to any gene sequence capable of expressing a protein whose presence permits the selective maintenance and/or propagation of a cell which contains it. Examples of selectable marker genes include gene sequences capable of conferring host resistance to antibiotics (e.g., puromycin, ampicillin, tetracycline, kanamycin, and the like), or of conferring host resistance to amino acid analogues, or of permitting the growth of cells on additional carbon sources or under otherwise impermissible culture conditions. A gene sequence may be both a reporter gene and a selectable marker gene sequence. In general, reporter or selectable marker gene sequences are sufficient to permit the recognition or selection of the plasmid in normal cells.
 The heterologous sequence may also comprise the coding sequence of a desired product such as a biologically active protein or polypeptide (e.g., a therapeutically active protein or polypeptide) and/or an immunogenic or antigenic protein or polypeptide. Introduction of the transfer plasmid into a suitable cell thus results in expression of the protein or polypeptide by the cell. Alternatively, the heterologous gene sequence may comprise a template for transcription of an antisense RNA, a ribozyme, or, preferably, one or more strands of an RNAi agent such as a short interfering RNA (siRNA) or a short hairpin RNA (shRNA). As described further below, RNAi agents such as siRNAs and shRNAs targeted to cellular transcripts inhibit expression of such transcripts. Introduction of the vector into a suitable cell thus results in production of the RNAi agent, which inhibits expression of the target transcript.
Three and Four Plasmid Systems
 The invention further provides a recombinant lentiviral system comprising three plasmids. The first plasmid is constructed to comprise mutations that prevent lentivirus-mediated transfer of viral genes. Such a mutation may be a deletion of sequences in the viral env gene, thus preventing the generation of replication-competent lentivirus, or may be deletions of certain cis-acting sequence elements at the 3' end of the genome required for viral reverse transcription and integration. Thus even if viral genes from such a construct are packaged into viral particles, they will not be replicated and replication-competent wild-type viruses will not be produced. The first plasmid (packaging plasmid) comprises a nucleic acid sequence of at least part of a lentiviral genome, wherein the vector (i) encodes at least one essential lentiviral protein and lacks a functional sequence encoding a viral envelope protein; and (ii) lacks a functional packaging signal. The second plasmid (Env-coding plasmid) comprises a nucleic acid sequence of a virus, wherein the vector (i) encodes a viral envelope protein, and (ii) lacks a functional packaging signal. The third plasmid is any of the inventive lentiviral transfer plasmids described above. The first and second plasmids are further described below, and schematic diagrams of relevant portions of representative first and second plasmids (packaging and Env-coding) are presented in FIG. 2 (see U.S. Pat. No. 6,013,516). It will be appreciated that a wide variety of regulatory sequences sufficient to direct transcription in eukaryotic cells could be used in place of the CMV transcriptional regulatory element in the packaging and/or Env-coding plasmid.
 Packaging Plasmid
 In certain embodiments of the invention the first vector is a gag/pol expression vector, i.e., a plasmid capable of directing expression of functional forms of a retroviral gag gene product and a retroviral pol gene product. These proteins are necessary for assembly and release of viral particles from cells. The first plasmid may also express sequences encoding various accessory lentiviral proteins including, but not limited to, Vif, Vpr, Vpu, Tat, Rev, and Nef. In particular, the first plasmid may express a sequence encoding Rev. In general, gag and pol sequences may be derived from any retrovirus, and accessory sequences may be derived from any lentivirus. According to certain embodiments of the invention, gag and poi sequences and any accessory sequences are derived from HIV-1. gag, pol, and accessory protein sequences need not be identical to wild type versions but instead may comprise mutations, deletions, etc., that do not significantly impair the ability of the proteins to perform their function(s).
 The first plasmid is preferably constructed to comprise mutations that exclude retroviral-mediated transfer of viral genes. Such mutations may be a deletion or mutation of sequences in the viral env gene, thus excluding the possibility of generating replication-competent lentivirus. Alternatively or additional to deletion or mutation of env, according to certain embodiments of the invention, the plasmid sequence may comprise deletions of certain cis-acting sequence elements at the 3' end of the genome required for viral reverse transcription and integration. Accordingly, even if viral genes from this construct are packaged into viral particles, they will not be replicated and replication-competent wild-type viruses will not be generated. Any of a wide variety of packaging plasmids may be used in the three plasmid lentiviral expression system of the invention including, but not limited to, those described in Naldini, 1996; Lois, 2002; Miyoshi, 1998; and Dull, 1998.
 Env-Coding Plasmid
 This plasmid directs expression of a viral envelope protein and, therefore, comprises a nucleic acid sequence encoding a viral envelope protein under the control of a suitable promoter. The promoter can be any promoter capable of directing transcription in cells into which the plasmid is to be introduced. One of ordinary skill in the art will readily be able to select an appropriate promoter among, for example, the promoters mentioned above. The Env-coding plasmid usually comprises any additional sequences needed for efficient transcription, processing, etc., of the env transcript including, but not limited to, a polyadenylation signal such as any of those mentioned above.
 The host range of cells that viral vectors of the present invention can infect may be altered (e.g., broadened or narrowed) by utilizing an envelope gene from a different virus. Thus is possible to alter, increase, or decrease the host range of vectors of the present invention by taking advantage of the ability of the envelope proteins of certain viruses to participate in the encapsidation of other viruses. In certain specific embodiments, the G-protein of vesicular-stomatitis virus (VSV-G; see, e.g., Rose et al., 1981, J. Virol., 39:519; and Rose et al., 1982, Cell, 30:753), or a fragment or derivative thereof, is the envelope protein expressed by the second plasmid. VSV-G efficiently forms pseudotyped virions with genome and matrix components of other viruses. As used herein, the term "pseudotype" refers to a viral particle that comprises nucleic acid of one virus but the envelope protein of another virus. In general, VSV-G pseudotyped viruses have a broad host range, and may be pelleted to titers of high concentration by ultracentrifugation (e.g., according to the method of Burns, et al., 1993, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci., USA, 90:8033), while still retaining high levels of infectivity.
 Additional envelope proteins that may be used include ecotropic or amphotropic MLV envelopes, 10A1 envelope, truncated forms of the HIV env, GALV, BAEV, SIV, FeLV-B, RD114, SSAV, Ebola, Sendai, FPV (Fowl plague virus), and influenza virus envelopes. Similarly, genes encoding envelopes from RNA viruses (e.g. RNA virus families of Picornaviridae, Calciviridae, Astroviridae, Togaviridae, Flaviviridae, Coronaviridae, Paramyxoviridae, Rhabdoviridae, Filoviridae, Orthomyxoviridae, Bunyaviridae, Arenaviridae, Reoviridae, Birnaviridae, Retroviridae) as well as from the DNA viruses (families of Hepadnaviridae, Circoviridae, Parvoviridae, Papovaviridae, Adenoviridae, Herpesviridae, Poxyiridae, and Iridoviridae) may be utilized. Representative examples include FIV, FeLV, RSV, VEE, HFVW, WDSV, SFV, Rabies, ALV, BIV, BLV, EBV, CAEV, HTLV, SNV, ChTLV, STLV, MPMV, SMRV, RAV, FuSV, MH2, AEV, AMV, CT10, EIAV.
 In addition to the above, hybrid envelopes (e.g. envelope comprising regions of more than one of the above), may be employed. According to certain embodiments of the invention the envelope recognizes a unique cellular receptor (e.g., a receptor found only on a specific cell type or in a specific species). According to certain embodiments of the invention the envelope recognizes multiple different receptors. According to certain embodiments of the invention the second plasmid encodes a cell or tissue specific targeting envelope. Cell or tissue specific targeting may be achieved, for example, by incorporating particular sequences within the envelope sequence (e.g., sequences encoding ligands for cell or tissue-specific receptors, antibody sequences, etc.). Thus any of a wide variety of Env-coding plasmids may be used in the three plasmid lentiviral expression system of the invention including, but not limited to, those described in Naldini, 1996; Lois, 2002; Miyoshi, 1998; and Dull, 1998.
 Variations on the Three Plasmid System
 The invention further provides a four plasmid lentiviral expression system comprising a three plasmid lentiviral expression system as described herein and a fourth plasmid comprising a nucleic acid sequence encoding the Rev protein (in which case the rev gene is generally not included in the other plasmids. Rev increases the level of transcription during production of lentiviral particles. A variety of alternative three or four plasmid systems may be employed while maintaining the feature that no sequence of recombination event(s) between only two of the three or four plasmids is sufficient to generate replication-competent virus. For example, either Gag or Pol or any of the accessory proteins may be encoded by the plasmid referred to as the Env-coding plasmid. Alternately, Gag, Pol, or any of the accessory proteins may be encoded by the transfer plasmid. In addition, sequences encoding Rev may be provided on the same plasmid that encodes Gag, Pot, or Env. According to certain embodiment's of the invention sequences encoding a functional Tat protein are absent from the plasmids, and sequences encoding Rev are provided on a separate plasmid rather than on the same plasmid as sequences encoding other viral genes, as described (Dull, 1998). The fourth plasmid encoding Rev typically comprises an expression cassette comprising regulatory sequences sufficient to direct transcription in eukaryotic cells, operably linked to a nucleic acid segment that encodes Rev, and a polyadenylation signal (Dull, 1998).
 Transfer plasmids and three-plasmid recombinant lentiviral expression systems of the invention may be used to produce infectious, replication-defective lentiviral particles according to methods known to those skilled in the art, some of which have been mentioned above. In the case of the recombinant lentiviral expression system of the invention the methods include (i) transfecting a lentivirus-permissive cell with the three-plasmid lentiviral expression system of the present invention; (ii) producing the lentivirus-derived particles in the transfected cell; and (iii) collecting the virus particles from the cell. The step of transfecting the lentivirus-permissive cell can be carried out according to any suitable means known to those skilled in the art. For example, the three-plasmid expression system described herein may be used to generate lentivirus-derived retroviral vector particles by transient transfection. The plasmids may be introduced into cells by any suitable means, including, but not limited to, calcium phosphate or calcium chloride co-precipitation, DEAE-dextran-mediated transfection, lipofection, injection, electroporation, etc.
 Transfer plasmids of the invention may be used to produce infectious, replication-defective lentiviral particles in a similar manner using helper cells that express the necessary viral proteins as known in the art and mentioned above. In general, transfer plasmids may be used to produce infectious, replication-defective lentiviral particles in conjunction with any system using any combination of plasmids and/or helper cell lines that provides the appropriate combination of required genes: gag, pol, env, and, preferably, rev in cases where transcription occurs from a gag/pol expression cassette comprising a Rev-response element (or alternately a system that supplies the various proteins encoded by these genes).
 Infectious virus particles may be collected using conventional techniques. For example, infectious particles may be collected by cell lysis or by collection of cell culture supernatant, as is known in the art. Optionally, collected virus particles may be purified. Suitable purification techniques are well known to those skilled in the art. Methods for titering virus particles are also well known in the art. Further details are provided in the Examples.
 When a host cell permissive for production of lentiviral particles is transfected with the plasmids of the three-plasmid system, the cell becomes a producer cell, i.e., a cell that produces infectious lentiviral particles. Similarly, when a helper cell that produces the necessary viral proteins is transfected with a transfer plasmid of the invention, the cell becomes a producer cell. The invention therefore provides producer cells and corresponding producer cell lines and methods for the production of such cells and cell lines. In particular, the invention provides a method of creating a producer cell line comprising introducing a transfer plasmid of the invention into a host cell; and introducing a packaging plasmid and an envelope plasmid into the host cell. The invention provides another method of creating a producer cell line comprising introducing a transfer plasmid of the invention into a helper cell that produces viral proteins necessary for encapsidation of a lentiviral genome and subsequent infectivity of a lentiviral particle resulting from encapsidation.
Applications and Additional Embodiments
 Lentiviral vectors and systems of the invention have a variety of uses, some of which have been described above. Transfer plasmids may be used for any application in which a non-retroviral vector is typically employed, e.g., for expression of a nucleic acid sequence in isolated eukaryotic cells, for creating transgenic animals, etc. Plasmids may be introduced into cells via conventional techniques such as transfection, electroporation, etc. Cells are maintained under suitable culture conditions for a suitable period of time. Optionally, stable cell lines in which all or a portion of a plasmid is integrated into the cellular genome are generated. If a plasmid comprises an expression cassette comprising a sequence that encodes an RNA, e.g., an mRNA, the RNA is transcribed, and optionally translated in the cells and can be harvested therefrom using methods known in the art. The expression cassette will typically comprise regulatory sequences for transcription, transcriptional termination, etc.
 Lentiviral particles may also be introduced into cells using methods well known in the art. Such methods typically involve incubating cells in an appropriate medium in the presence of lentiviral particles and a reagent such as polybrene that facilitates infection. Lentiviral particles may be introduced into cells via conventional techniques such as incubation in the presence of polybrene, etc. Cells are maintained under suitable culture conditions for a suitable period of time. Optionally, stable cell lines in which all or a portion of the lentiviral genome is integrated into the cellular genome are generated. If the lentiviral genome comprises an expression cassette comprising a sequence that encodes an RNA, e.g., an mRNA, the RNA is transcribed, and optionally translated in the cells and can be harvested therefrom using methods known in the art.
 Gene Silencing in Isolated Eukaryotic Cells and Transgenic Animals
 The invention provides lentiviral vectors that are of use for inhibiting gene expression by RNA interference (RNAi) in isolated eukaryotic cells and/or in transgenic animals. The invention provides lentiviral vectors that comprise a nucleic acid that comprises (i) a eukaryotic anti-repressor element (ARE); (ii) lentivirus derived sequences sufficient for reverse transcription and packaging; and (iii) an expression cassette that encodes one or more strands of an RNAi agent. For example, in certain embodiments of the invention the expression cassette comprises regulatory sequences for transcription operably associated with a nucleic acid sequence that encodes an shRNA. The expression cassette may comprise additional sequences such as a transcriptional termination signal, etc.
 RNAi is an evolutionarily conserved process in which presence of an at least partly double-stranded RNA molecule in a eukaryotic cell leads to sequence-specific inhibition of gene expression. RNAi was first described as a phenomenon in which introduction of long dsRNA (typically hundreds of nucleotides) into a cell results in degradation of mRNA containing a region complementary to one strand of the dsRNA (U.S. Pat. No. 6,506,559). Studies in Drosophila showed that long dsRNAs are processed by an intracellular RNase III-like enzyme called Dicer into smaller dsRNAs primarily comprised of two approximately 21 nucleotide (nt) strands that form a 19 base pair duplex with 2 nt 3' overhangs at each end and 5'-phosphate and 3'-hydroxyl groups (see, e.g., PCT Publication WO 01/75164; U.S. Patent Publications 2002/0086356 and 2003/0108923; Zamore et al., 2000; and Elbashir et al., 2001a and 2001b).
 Short dsRNAs having this structure, referred to as siRNAs, silence expression of target genes that include a region that is substantially complementary to one of the two strands. This strand is referred to as the "antisense" or "guide" strand of the siRNA, while the other strand is often referred to as the "sense" strand. The siRNA is incorporated into a ribonucleoprotein complex termed the RNA-induced silencing complex (RISC) that contains member(s) of the Argonaute protein family. Following association of the siRNA with RISC, a helicase activity unwinds the duplex, allowing an alternative duplex to form the guide strand and a target mRNA containing a portion substantially complementary to the guide strand. An endonuclease activity associated with the Argonaute protein(s) present in RISC cleaves or "slices" the target mRNA, which is then further degraded by cellular machinery.
 Exogenous introduction of siRNAs into eukaryotic cells, e.g., mammalian or avian cells can effectively reduce expression of target genes in a sequence-specific manner via this mechanism. A typical siRNA structure includes an approximately 17 to approximately 29 nucleotide (e.g., approximately 19 nucleotide) double-stranded portion comprising a guide strand and an antisense strand. Each strand has a 2 nt 3' overhang. The guide strand of the siRNA is substantially complementary to its target gene and mRNA transcript over approximately 15 to approximately 29 nucleotides, e.g., at least approximately 17 to approximately 19 nucleotides, and the two strands of the siRNA are substantially complementary to each other over the duplex portion of the structure (e.g., over approximately 15 to approximately 29 nt, e.g., approximately 19 nucleotides); thus the sense strand is typically substantially identical to the target transcript over approximately 15 to approximately 29 nucleotides, e.g., approximately 19 nucleotides. Typically the guide strand of the shRNA is perfectly complementary to its target gene and mRNA transcript over approximately 15 to approximately 29 nucleotides, e.g., approximately 17 to approximately 19 nucleotides, and the two strands of the siRNA are perfectly complementary to each other over the duplex portion of the structure. However, as will be appreciated by one of ordinary skill in the art, perfect complementarity is not required. Instead, one or more mismatches in the duplex formed by the guide strand and the target mRNA is often tolerated, particularly at certain positions, without reducing the silencing activity below useful levels. For example, there may be 1, 2, 3, or even more mismatches between the target mRNA and the guide strand (disregarding the overhangs). Thus, as used herein, two nucleic acid portions such as a guide strand (disregarding overhangs) and a portion of a target mRNA are "substantially complementary" if they are perfectly complementary (i.e., they hybridize to one another to form a duplex in which each nucleotide is a member of a complementary base pair) or have a lesser degree of complementarity sufficient for hybridization to occur. Typically at least approximately 80%, at least approximately 90%, or more of the nucleotides in the guide strand of an effective siRNA are complementary to the target mRNA and to the sense strand over at least approximately 17 to approximately 19 contiguous nucleotides. Methods for predicting the effect of mismatches on silencing efficacy and the locations at which mismatches may most readily be tolerated have been developed (Reynolds, et al., 2004). Two nucleic acid portions such as a sense strand (disregarding overhangs) and a portion of a target mRNA are "substantially identical" if they are perfectly identical (i.e., they have the same sequence) or have a lesser degree of complementarity sufficient for hybridization to occur between one of the sequences and the complement of the other sequence. Typically, substantially identical nucleic acid portions such as a sense strand and a target mRNA are at least approximately 80% or at least approximately 90% identical over at least approximately 17 to approximately 19 contiguous nucleotides.
 It will be appreciated that molecules having the appropriate structure and degree of complementarity to a target gene will exhibit a range of different silencing efficiencies. A variety of design criteria have been developed to assist in the selection of effective siRNA sequences. It may be preferable to use sequences that have a GC content between approximately 30% to approximately 50% and to avoid consecutive strings of 4 or more of the same residue, e.g., AAAA or TTTT. A number of software programs that can be used to choose siRNA sequences that are predicted to be particularly effective to silence a target gene of choice are available (Yuan et al., 2004; Santoyo et al., 2005). Furthermore, sequences of effective siRNAs are already known in the art for many genes. For example, siRNA designs are currently available from Ambion for >98% of the human, mouse, and rat genes that are listed in the National Center for Biotechnology Information's RefSeq database (Ambion, Austin, Tex.). It has been estimated that more than half of randomly designed siRNAs provide at least a 50% reduction in target mRNA levels and approximately 1 of 4 siRNAs provide a 75%-95% reduction (Ambion Technical Bulletin #506, Ambion). Candidate sequences complementary to different portions of the target can be tested in cell culture to identify those that result in a desired level of inhibition.
 Structures referred to as short hairpin RNAs (shRNAs) are also capable of mediating RNA interference. An shRNA is a single RNA strand that comprises two substantially complementary regions that hybridize to one another to form a double-stranded "stem," with the two substantially complementary regions being connected by a single-stranded loop that extends from the 3' end of one complementary region to the 5' end of the other complementary region. shRNAs are processed intracellularly by Dicer to form an siRNA structure comprising a guide strand and an antisense strand. In the present invention, intracellular synthesis of shRNA is achieved by introducing a lentiviral vector of the invention comprising an shRNA expression cassette into a cell, e.g., to create a stable cell line or transgenic organism. The shRNA expression cassette comprises regulatory sequences operably linked to a nucleic acid that encodes the shRNA. The nucleic acid provides a template for transcription of an RNA that self-hybridizes to form an shRNA.
 The shRNA expression cassette is often constructed to comprise, in a 5' to 3' direction, the sense strand (substantially identical to the target transcript), followed by a short spacer that forms the loop, followed by the antisense strand (substantially complementary to the target), in that order. In certain embodiments of the invention the reverse order is used. The stem can range from approximately 17 to approximately 29 nucleotides in length, e.g., approximately 19 to approximately 21, approximately 21 to approximately 24, or approximately 25 to approximately 29 nucleotides in length. The loop can range in length from approximately 3 nucleotides to considerably longer, e.g., up to approximately 25 nucleotides. A variety of different sequences can serve as the loop sequence. Examples of specific loop sequences that have been demonstrated to function in shRNAs include UUCAAGAGA, CCACACC, AAGCUU, CTCGAG, CCACC, and UUCG. In certain embodiments of the invention the loop is derived from a miRNA. In certain embodiments of the invention the guide strand is perfectly complementary to the target gene over approximately 17 to approximately 29 nucleotides, and the guide strand and the sense strand are substantially but not perfectly complementary to each other over approximately 17 to approximately 29 nucleotides, e.g., the duplex formed by the guide and sense strands comprises 114 mismatches or bulges (Miyagishi, 2004). The sense, guide, and loop sequences will of course utilize T rather than U when in DNA form, e.g., when used to construct a lentiviral transfer plasmid of the invention.
 In certain embodiments of the invention, a regulatory sequence that directs expression of the one or more RNAs that self-hybridize or hybridize with each other to form an shRNA or siRNA comprises a promoter for RNA polymerase III (Pol III). Pol III directs synthesis of small transcripts that terminate within a stretch of 4-5 T residues. Certain Pol III promoters such as the U6 or H1 promoters do not require cis-acting regulatory elements (other than the first transcribed nucleotide) within the transcribed region and readily permit the selection of desired RNA sequences. In the case of naturally occurring U6 promoters the first transcribed nucleotide is typically guanosine, while in the case of naturally occurring promoters the first transcribed nucleotide is adenine. In certain embodiments of the invention, e.g., where transcription is driven by a U6 promoter, the 5' nucleotide of an RNA sequence that hybridizes or self-hybridizes to form an shRNAs or siRNA is G. In certain embodiments of the invention, e.g., where transcription is driven by an H1 promoter, the 5' nucleotide may be A. Methods for designing nucleic acids that encode short hairpin RNAs for intracellular expression are described in Medina et al., 1999, Curr. Opin. Mol. Ther., 1:580; Yu et al., 2002, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci., USA, 99:6047; Sui et al., 2002, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci., USA, 99:5515; Paddison et al., 2002, Genes Dev., 16:948; Brummelkamp et al., 2002, Science, 296:550; Miyagashi et al., 2002, Nat. Biotech., 20:497; Paul et al., 2002, Nat. Biotech., 20:505; and Tuschl et al., 2002, Nat. Biotech., 20:446. Pol II promoters can also be used to achieve intracellular expression of an RNAi agent (Xia et al., 2002, Nat. Biotech., 20:1006).
 As will be appreciated by one of ordinary skill in the art, RNAi may be effectively mediated by RNA molecules having a variety of structures that differ in one or more respects from those described above. For example, the length of the duplex can be varied (e.g., from approximately 17 to approximately 29 nucleotides); the overhangs need not be present and, if present, their length and the identity of the nucleotides in the overhangs can vary. Furthermore additional mechanisms of sequence-specific silencing mediated by short RNA species are also known. The invention provides lentiviral vectors that comprise expression cassettes that encode such RNA species. For example, post-transcriptional gene silencing mediated by small RNA molecules can occur by mechanisms involving translational repression. Certain endogenously expressed RNA molecules form hairpin structures comprising an imperfect duplex portion in which the duplex is interrupted by one or more mismatches and/or bulges. These hairpin structures are processed intracellularly to yield single-stranded RNA species referred to as known as microRNAs (miRNAs), which mediate translational repression of a target transcript to which they hybridize with less than perfect complementarity. siRNA-like molecules designed to mimic the structure of miRNA precursors have been shown to result in translational repression of target genes when administered to mammalian cells. The invention provides lentiviral vectors that comprise an expression cassette that encodes an RNA species that inhibits gene expression by a translational repression mechanism, e.g., an RNA species whose structure mimics or is identical to that of a microRNA precursor and/or that is processed intracellularly to yield a structure that resembles microRNAs in terms of the hybrid that it forms with a target transcript.
 The mechanism by which an RNAi agent inhibits gene expression may thus depend at least in part on the structure of the duplex portion of the RNAi agent and/or the structure of the hybrid formed by one strand of the RNAi agent and a target transcript. RNAi mechanisms and the structure of various RNA molecules known to mediate RNAi, e.g., siRNA, shRNA, miRNA and their precursors, have been extensively reviewed (see, e.g., Novina et al., 2004; Dyxhoorn et al., 2003; and Bartel, supra). It is to be expected that future developments will reveal additional mechanisms by which RNAi may be achieved and will reveal additional effective short RNAi agents. The invention includes embodiments in which any currently known or hereafter discovered short RNAi agent that can be synthesized intracellularly, or a precursor thereof, is encoded by a lentiviral vector comprising an ARE and, optionally, a SAR.
 In general, RNAi agents are capable of reducing target transcript level and/or level of a polypeptide encoded by the target transcript by at least about 2 fold, at least about 5 fold, at least about 10 fold, at least about 25 fold, at least about 50 fold, or to an even greater degree relative to the level that would be present in the absence of the inhibitory RNA. Certain specific RNAi agents are capable of reducing the target transcript level and/or level of a polypeptide encoded by the target transcript by at least approximately 20%, approximately 30%, approximately 40%, approximately 50%, approximately 60%, approximately 70%, approximately 80%, approximately 90%, or approximately 100%. For example, the average expression level of the gene of interest may be between approximately 0% (undetectable) and approximately 10%, approximately 20%, approximately 30%, approximately 40%, approximately 50%, approximately 60%, approximately 70%, or approximately 80% of the level that would exist in the absence of the RNAi agent. An RNAi agent is "capable of" inhibiting expression if it does so under conditions recognized in the art as suitable for RNAi (e.g., appropriate concentration of RNAi agent, appropriate conditions for uptake or intracellular expression of the RNAi agent, typical levels of expression of the target transcript, etc.). It may be desirable to test a guide strand sequence by administering siRNAs having that guide strand sequence in cell culture in order to determine whether an shRNA that incorporates a guide strand having the same sequence is likely to have a desired inhibitory effect when expressed in a cell. Many potential guide stand sequences can be tested in this manner in order to identify those having preferred inhibitory efficacies.
 FIGS. 3-5 presents schematic diagrams of various RNAi agents that can be encoded by a lentiviral vector of the present invention and utilized to mediate RNAi in isolated eukaryotic cells, e.g., mammalian or avian cells, and/or in transgenic animals. FIG. 6b shows the sequence and structure of a nucleic acid comprising a segment which, when present in a lentiviral vector of the invention in operable association with a suitable regulatory sequence, can be transcribed to produced an RNA that comprises two complementary elements that hybridize to one another to form a stem and a loop structure (shRNA) targeted to the CD8 molecule. FIG. 6c depicts the shRNA that results following hybridization of the complementary portions of an RNA transcribed from the nucleic acid in FIG. 6b. FIG. 6d (upper portion) shows the sequence and structure of a nucleic acid comprising a segment which, when present in a lentiviral vector of the invention in operable association with a suitable regulatory sequence, can be transcribed to produced an RNA that comprises two complementary elements that hybridize to one another to form a stem and a loop structure (shRNA) targeted to the CD8 molecule. FIG. 6d (lower portion) depicts the shRNA that results following hybridization of the complementary portions of an RNA transcribed from the nucleic acid depicted in the upper portion of FIG. 6d.
 A lentiviral vector for use in mediating RNAi may be created using standard methods of molecular biology by inserting a nucleic acid sequence that encodes one or more strands of an RNAi agent, e.g., a nucleic acid sequence that encodes an shRNA, into a transfer plasmid optimized for RNAi that already comprises an ARE and, optionally, a SAR, and comprises a suitable promoter, e.g., a plasmid such as pLB. Alternatively or additionally, an expression cassette comprising suitable regulatory sequences operably linked to the sequence that encodes one or more strands of an RNAi agent may be inserted into a transfer plasmid that lacks appropriate regulatory sequences. A nucleic acid to be inserted into a lentiviral vector to provide an RNAi expression cassette may include a terminator for RNA polymerase I, II, or III. Alternatively or additionally, the vector may comprise a terminator positioned so that a nucleic acid inserted upstream with respect to the terminator will direct transcription of an RNA that is appropriately terminated. An expression cassette to be inserted into a lentiviral vector of the invention may comprise appropriate 5' or 3' overhanging ends for directional cloning into restriction site(s) in the vector. Plasmids constructed according to either of these approaches, or others, may be used to generate lentiviral particles. Similar methods may of course be used to construct a transfer plasmid that comprises an expression cassette that encodes any RNA of interest and to generate lentiviral particles therefrom.
 As discussed above, in addition to their use for synthesis of RNAs that self-hybridize to form shRNAs, lentiviral vectors of the invention may be used for synthesis of various other RNAs that mediate RNAi. In particular, two separate RNA strands may be generated, each of which comprises an approximately 15 to approximately 29 nucleotide region, e.g., an approximately 19 nucleotide region at least partly complementary to the other, and individual strands may hybridize together to generate an siRNA structure. Accordingly, the invention encompasses a lentiviral vector comprising two transcribable regions, each of which provides a template for synthesis of a transcript comprising a region complementary to the other. In addition, the invention provides a lentiviral vector that comprises oppositely directed promoters flanking a nucleic acid segment and positioned so that two different transcripts having complementary regions approximately 15 to approximately 29 nucleotides, e.g., approximately 19 nucleotides in length, are generated. It will be appreciated that appropriate terminators should be supplied. In cases in which an RNA structure undergoes one or more processing steps, those of ordinary skill in the art will appreciate that the nucleic acid segment will typically be designed to include sequences that may be necessary for processing of the RNA. A large number of variations are possible. For example, the lentiviral vector may comprise multiple expression cassettes or nucleic acid segments, each of which provides a template for synthesis of one or more RNAs that self-hybridize or hybridize with each other to form shRNAs or siRNAs, which shRNAs or siRNAs may target the same transcript or different transcripts. Alternatively or additionally, according to certain embodiments of the invention a single expression cassette or nucleic acid segment may provide a template for synthesis of a plurality of RNAs that self-hybridize or hybridize with each other to form a plurality of siRNAs or siRNA precursors. For example, a single promoter may direct synthesis of a single RNA transcript comprising multiple self-complementary regions, each of which may hybridize to generate a plurality of stem-loop structures. These structures may be cleaved in vivo, e.g., by Dicer, to generate multiple different siRNAs. It will be appreciated that such transcripts typically comprise a termination signal at the 3' end of the transcript but not between the sequences encoding an siRNA or shRNA strand.
 The invention provides methods of inhibiting or reducing expression of a target transcript in a eukaryotic cell comprising delivering a lentiviral vector to the cell, wherein the lentiviral vector comprises an ARE, optionally a SAR, and comprises one or more expression cassette(s) that encode an RNAi agent. The presence of the lentiviral vector within the cell results in synthesis of one or more RNAs that self-hybridize or hybridize with each other to form an shRNA or siRNA that inhibits expression of the target transcript. The RNA(s) may undergo further processing within the cell to form an inhibitory structure. The invention encompasses administration of a lentiviral vector of the invention to a cell, e.g., a mammalian or avian cell, to inhibit or reduce expression of any target transcript or gene, wherein the lentiviral vector comprises a nucleic acid segment that comprises a template for synthesis of one or more RNAs that self-hybridize or hybridize to form an RNAi agent such as an shRNA or siRNA that is targeted to the target transcript or gene. In general, the nucleic acid segment may provide a template for synthesis of any RNA structure capable of being processed in vivo to an RNAi agent such as an shRNA or siRNA, wherein the RNA preferably does not cause undesirable effects events such as induction of the interferon response. A lentiviral vector may be delivered to cells in culture or administered to an animal subject. As used herein, terms such as "introducing," "delivering," "administering," and the like when used in reference to a lentiviral vector of the invention or a composition or cell comprising a lentiviral vector of the invention or comprising nucleic acid sequences derived therefrom refers to any method that provides effective contact between the material to be introduced, delivered, or administered, and the cells whose uptake of the material is desired so that uptake can be achieved. The cells may be in cell culture or in a subject.
 The invention further provides methods for reversibly inhibiting or reducing expression of a target transcript in a cell comprising: (i) delivering to the cell a lentiviral vector that comprises a nucleic acid comprising an ARE and, optionally, a SAR, and, wherein the nucleic acid comprises a portion that encodes an RNAi agent or strand thereof located between sites for a site-specific recombinase; and (ii) inducing expression of the site-specific recombinase within the cell, thereby preventing synthesis of the RNAi agent or strand thereof. The nucleic acid may further comprise a SAR. The vector can be a lentiviral transfer plasmid or lentiviral particle.
 The invention also provides methods for reversibly inhibiting or reducing expression of a transcript in an animal in a cell type specific, lineage specific, or tissue-specific manner comprising: (i) delivering to the animal a lentiviral vector that comprises a nucleic acid comprising an ARE, wherein the nucleic acid comprises a portion that encodes an RNAi agent or strand thereof located between sites for a site-specific recombinase; and (ii) inducing expression of the site-specific recombinase in a subset of the cells of the mammal, thereby preventing synthesis of the RNAi agent or strand thereof within the subset of cells. The nucleic acid may further comprise a SAR. The vector can be a lentiviral transfer plasmid or lentiviral particle.
 In any of the above methods, the cell may be a mammalian or avian cell, the site-specific recombinase may be Cre, and the sites may be loxP sites.
 The invention provides methods of reducing or inhibiting expression of target genes and/or transcripts (which need not necessarily encode proteins) by expressing one or more RNAi agents in eukaryotic cells either in culture or in transgenic animals using lentiviral vectors of the invention. The invention further provides methods of inhibiting or reducing expression of a target transcript in a cell comprising introducing a lentiviral vector of the invention (e.g., a lentiviral transfer plasmid or lentiviral particle) into the cell, wherein the lentiviral vector encodes an RNAi agent. In some embodiments the invention provides methods of inhibiting or reducing expression of a target transcript in a nonhuman animal comprising generating a nonhuman transgenic animal using a lentiviral vector of the invention (e.g., a lentiviral transfer plasmid or lentiviral particle), wherein the lentiviral vector encodes an RNAi agent. In some embodiments the RNAi agent is an shRNA. In some embodiments the RNAi agent is a precursor RNA that is processed within a cell to produce an shRNA. In some embodiments the vector comprises an expression cassette that encodes an RNA that self-hybridizes to form an shRNA that is targeted to the target transcript. In some embodiments the target transcript may be one that is transcribed from an endogenous or heterologous disease-associated gene.
 Lentiviral vectors of the invention that comprise an expression cassette that encodes an RNAi agent may be used for a variety of purposes. In certain embodiments of the invention a lentiviral vector is used to silence a disease-associated gene in mammalian or avian cells and/or to render mammalian cells resistant to an infectious agent. For example, an RNAi agent may be targeted to a gene that encodes a receptor for the infectious agent. Cells in which the gene is silenced are resistant to infection by the infectious agent. The lentiviral vector may be delivered to cells in culture using any appropriate method, e.g., transfection, infection, etc. Cells that express the RNAi agent may be administered to a subject for therapeutic purposes. For example, such cells may provide a pool of cells that are resistant to infection or that provide an enhanced immune system response to infection. The lentiviral vector may be administered to a subject for therapeutic or other purposes.
 The invention also provides lentiviral vectors that comprise expression cassettes that encode other RNA species that are capable of inhibiting expression of a target gene. For example, lentivira vectors that encode antisense RNA molecules, ribozymes, etc., and methods of use thereof are also an aspect of the invention.
 The present invention encompasses any cell manipulated to comprise a lentiviral vector of the invention (e.g., a lentiviral transfer plasmid or lentiviral particle) or nucleic acid sequences (e.g., a lentiviral genome or provirus) derived therefrom and descendants of such cells. A lentiviral vector comprises an ARE and in certain embodiments of the invention also comprises a SAR. Some or all of the sequences may be integrated into the genome of the cell. In certain embodiments of the invention the vector comprises one or more regulatory sequences for transcription of an operably linked nucleic acid. In certain embodiments of the invention the vector comprises an expression cassette or cassettes that encodes an RNA of interest. The RNA of interest may be an RNAi agent such as an shRNA. The cell may contain an expression cassette that comprises regulatory sequences for transcription operably linked to a nucleic acid segment that encodes one or more than one RNAi agent or strand thereof. The cell may contain two or more expression cassettes, each of which comprises regulatory sequences for transcription operably linked to a nucleic acid segment that encodes one or more than one RNAi agent or a strand thereof. RNAi agents may be targeted to the same gene or to two or more different genes. For example, a first RNAi agent may be targeted to a first candidate disease gene and a second RNAi agent may be targeted to a second candidate disease gene. The invention encompasses lentiviral vectors that encode 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, or more RNAi agents or strands thereof.
 Cells may be eukaryotic cells, e.g., mammalian or avian cells. According to certain embodiments of the invention a cell is a mouse or human cell. They may be dividing cells or non-dividing cells of any cell type. They may be cells that divide intermittently, e.g., that remain in the GO phase of the cell cycle for extended periods of time (e.g., weeks, months, years), or cells that divide only after being stimulated to do so. The cells may be primary cells, e.g., cells that are isolated from the body of a multicellular organism, which may have undergone one or more cycles of cell division following their isolation (e.g., 1-5 or 1-10 cycles of cell division). The cells may be immortalized cells, e.g., cells capable of continuous and prolonged growth in culture, e.g., they may be capable of undergoing hundreds or thousands of cell division cycles. The cells may be from cell lines, e.g., populations of cells derived from a single progenitor cell. The cells may be stem cells, e.g., embryonic or adult stem cells (Pfeifer, 2002). The cells may be isolated cells. In certain embodiments of the invention the cell is isolated from or present in a transgenic nonhuman animal. In certain embodiments of the invention the cell is one that has been administered to a subject.
 Transgenic Animals and Uses Thereof
 Lentiviral vectors of the invention may be used to generate transgenic animals. As used herein, a "transgenic animal" is a non-human animal, preferably a mammal or avian, in which one or more of the cells of the animal, typically essentially all cells of the animal, includes a transgene integrated into the genome. Examples of transgenic animals include non-human primates, rodents such as mice or rats, sheep, dogs, cows, goats, chickens, amphibians, and the like. Transgenic animals typically carry a gene that has been introduced into the germline of the animal, or an ancestor of the animal, at an early (usually one-cell) developmental stage. In general, a transgene is heterologous DNA, which is typically present in the genome of cells of a transgenic animal but is not present in the genome of non-transgenic animals of the same species or, if present, is located at a different position in the genome. Transgene sequences may include endogenous sequences but typically also include additional sequences that do not naturally occur in the animal. Integration of a transgene may lead to a deletion of endogenous chromosomal DNA, e.g., by homologous recombination, such that the function of a gene of interest is impaired or eliminated. In this case the resulting animal is referred to as a knockdown or knockout animal. A similar effect may be obtained if the transgene encodes an RNAi agent targeted to the gene of interest.
 The present invention provides transgenic nonhuman animals generated using any of the lentiviral vectors of the present invention. The genome of the transgenic animal comprises sequences, e.g., a provirus, derived from a lentiviral vector of the present invention. A cell whose genome comprises a lentivirally transferred transgene may be distinguished from a cell whose genome comprises a transgene introduced into the genome without use of a lentiviral vector in that the genome also comprises sequences, e.g., lentiviral sequences, derived from a lentiviral vector. Lentiviral sequences are typically located within about 10 kB (e.g., between about 1 kB and about 10 kB) from the 5' and/or 3' end of the transgene. Sequences may include (i) one or more LTRs or portions thereof; (ii) packaging sequence; (iii) sequences required for integration; and/or (iv) FLAP element, etc. A transgene may be located between lentiviral sequences. Progeny and descendants of a transgenic animal generated using a lentiviral vector of the present invention are also considered to be generated using the lentiviral vector.
 In certain embodiments of the invention the genome of the transgenic animal comprises (i) heterologous lentivirus derived sequences, e.g., at least a first LTR or portion thereof and at least a second LTR or portion thereof, wherein the lentivirus derived sequences are sufficient for reverse transcription and integration; and (ii) an ARE and, in some embodiments of the invention also comprises a SAR, wherein the ARE and SAR are located between lentivirus derived sequences. In certain embodiments of the invention the genome of transgenic animals further comprises one or more heterologous expression cassettes provided by a lentiviral vector of the invention, each of which comprises regulatory sequences operably linked to a sequence that encodes an RNA of interest. As discussed further below, in certain embodiments of the invention RNA(s) of interest hybridize or self-hybridize to form an RNAi agent such as an shRNA or siRNA or another RNA structure that undergoes further processing in the cell to generate an active RNAi agent. Alternately, one or more of the expression cassettes may comprise a transgene that encodes an mRNA that encodes a polypeptide of interest.
 The invention provides a transgenic animal that expresses a lentivirally transferred transgene in at least approximately 50% of the cells of 2, 3, 4, or more different cell types, e.g., any 2, 3, 4, or more hematopoietic cell types such as B cell, T cell, macrophages, granulocytes (e.g., neutrophils), etc. In certain embodiments of the invention the percentage of cells of multiple different types that express the transgene averages between approximately 50% and approximately 60%, approximately 70%, approximately 80%, approximately 90%, or approximately 100%; between approximately 60% and approximately 70%, approximately 80%, approximately 90%, or approximately 100%; between approximately 70% and approximately 80%, approximately 90%, or approximately 100%; between approximately 80% and approximately 90% or approximately 100%; or between approximately 90% and approximately 100%. In certain embodiments of the invention the percentage of cells that express the transgene remains stable in at least 2, 3, or 4 generations of descendants of the transgenic animal. For example, the percentage of cells of multiple different types that express the transgene averages between approximately 50% and approximately 60%, approximately 70%, approximately 80%, approximately 90%, or approximately 100%; between approximately 60% and approximately 70%, approximately 80%, approximately 90%, or approximately 100%; between approximately 70% and approximately 80%, approximately 90%, or approximately 100%; between approximately 80% and approximately 90% or approximately 100%; or between approximately 90% and approximately 100%, in the F2, F3, and F4 generation. The cells may be, e.g., any 2, 3, 4, or more hematopoietic cell types such as B cell, T cell, macrophages, granulocytes, etc.
 In certain specific embodiments, a lentiviral vector of the invention can be used to create a transgenic nonhuman animal as described above, wherein the transgenic animal expresses an RNAi agent, e.g., an shRNA, that is targeted to a target gene of interest. The invention provides transgenic animals in which expression of a gene of interest is inhibited in at least approximately 50% of the cells of 2, 3, 4, or more different cell types, e.g., any 2, 3, 4, or more hematopoietic cell types such as B cell, T cell, macrophages, granulocytes (e.g., neutrophils), etc., by a lentivirally transferred transgene that encodes an RNAi agent such as an shRNA targeted to the gene of interest. In certain embodiments of the invention the percentage of cells of multiple different types in which the gene of interest is inhibited is between approximately 50% and approximately 60%, approximately 70%, approximately 80%, approximately 90%, or approximately 100%; between approximately 60% and approximately 70%, approximately 80%, approximately 90%, or approximately 100%; between approximately 70% and approximately 80%, approximately 90%, or approximately 100%; between approximately 80% and approximately 90% or approximately 100%; or between approximately 90% and approximately 100%. In certain embodiments of the invention the percentage of cells in which the gene of interest is inhibited remains stable in at least 2, 3, or 4 generations of descendants of the transgenic animal. For example, the percentage of cells of multiple different types in which the gene of interest is inhibited averages between approximately 50% and approximately 60%, approximately 70%, approximately 80%, approximately 90%, or approximately 100%; between approximately 60% and approximately 70%, approximately 80%, approximately 90%, or approximately 100%; between approximately 70% and approximately 80%, approximately 90%, or approximately 100%; between approximately 80% and approximately 90% or approximately 100%; or between approximately 90% and approximately 100%, in the F2, F3, and F4 generation. The cells may be, e.g., any 2, 3, 4, or more hematopoietic cell types such as B cell, T cell, macrophages, granulocytes, etc.
 In any of these embodiments expression of the gene of interest may be inhibited by at least approximately 20%, approximately 30%, approximately 40%, approximately 50%, approximately 60%, approximately 70%, approximately 80%, approximately 90%, or approximately 100% in 2, 3, 4, or more cell types. For example, the average expression level of the gene of interest may be between approximately 0% (undetectable) and approximately 10%, approximately 20%, approximately 30%, approximately 40%, approximately 50%, approximately 60%, approximately 70%, or approximately 80% of the level that would exist in a congenic, nontransgenic animal in 2, 3, 4, or more cell types. In certain embodiments of the invention the average expression level of the gene of interest is between approximately 0% (undetectable) and approximately 10%, approximately 20%, approximately 30%, approximately 40%, or approximately 50% of the level that would exist in a congenic, nontransgenic animal in 2, 3, 4, or more cell types.
 The gene of interest that is expressed or inhibited in a transgenic animal may be any gene. In certain embodiments of the invention the gene is a disease-associated gene. Genes of interest include genes whose inhibition results in a desirable trait such as increased growth, increased lifespan, or alteration in any phenotypic characteristic of interest.
 The genome of the transgenic animal may contain an expression cassette that comprises regulatory sequences for transcription operably linked to a nucleic acid segment that encodes one or more than one RNAi agent or a strand thereof. The genome may comprise two or more expression cassettes, each of which comprises regulatory sequences for transcription operably linked to a nucleic acid segment that encodes one or more than one RNAi agent or a strand thereof. The RNAi agents may be targeted to the same gene or to two or more different genes. For example, a first RNAi agent may be targeted to a first candidate disease gene and a second RNAi agent may be targeted to a second candidate disease gene. The invention encompasses transgenic animals that express one or more 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, or more RNAi agents or strands thereof.
 Transgenic animals that express an RNAi agent targeted to a disease-associated gene can serve as animal models of the disease. In general, the disease-associated gene is to be targeted by an RNAi agent is a gene characterized in that reduced or absent expression of the gene (or a particular allele of the gene) correlates with and is generally at least in part responsible for an increased incidence of development, progression, and/or severity of one or more manifestations of a disease. For example, transgenic animals in which expression of the Nramp1 gene is inhibited as a result of expression of an shRNA targeted to the Nramp1 transcript develop diabetes at a significantly decreased frequency relative to congenic animals that do not express the shRNA and also display increased susceptibility to bacterial infection. These transgenic animals and any transgenic animal obtained therefrom are aspects of this invention. Any gene that is or has been contemplated as a target for conventional "knockout" strategies can be targeted by RNAi using a lentiviral vector of the invention. Examples include, but are not limited to, tumor suppressor genes, kinases, phosphatases, receptors, channels, transporters, G proteins, cyclins, biosynthetic enzymes, cytokines, growth factors, genes that encode structural proteins, etc. In certain embodiments of the invention the gene is one whose expression is essential during one or more developmental stages or in one or more tissues of the organism. The use of RNAi agents whose expression is either regulatable or that allow for significant, though reduced, levels of expression of the target gene allow creation of transgenic animals under conditions in which conventional gene deletion strategies may be unsuccessful. In certain embodiments of the invention the animal is of a type or strain in which direct targeted gene-disruption using nonviral methods has not yet been achieved.
 Transgenic animals that express a disease-associated gene characterized in that increased or inappropriate expression of the gene (or a particular allele or mutant form of the gene) correlates with and is generally at least in part responsible for an increased incidence of development, progression, and/or severity of one or more manifestations of a disease can also serve as animal models for disease. For example, transgenic animals that express any of a variety of activated oncogenes have a significantly greater incidence of cancer than congenic nontransgenic mice.
 Transgenic animals may be used for a variety of purposes. For example, if inhibiting, expression of a gene results in a phenotypic effect that replicates one or more manifestations of a disease, this observation can confirm the role of the gene in the disease and validate it as a target for therapeutic intervention (e.g., by administering an agent that acts as an inhibitor or antagonist). Alternatively or additionally, if inhibiting expression of a gene results in a decreased incidence of development, progression, and/or severity of one or more manifestations of a disease, this observation can confirm the role of the gene in conferring a protective effect and validate it as a target for therapeutic intervention (e.g., by administering an agent that acts as an agonist, activator, or mimetic). Transgenic animals in which expression of a gene is inhibited, or in which a gene is overexpressed or aberrantly expressed can be used to study the role of the gene product in normal physiological processes and/or in pathologic processes. Creating a transgenic animal can help determine whether a candidate gene or an allele, or variant of the gene or a mutation in the gene plays a causative role in a disease or confers a protective effect. A "candidate gene" may be any gene that is suspected of being potentially relevant to a disease. For example, a candidate gene may be in linkage disequilibrium with the disease, e.g., one or more variants, alleles, or mutations of the gene may be present in a higher or lower percentage of individuals having the disease than individuals not having the disease. Alternatively or additionally, the known or putative function of the gene product may suggest a role in the disease. If a candidate gene plays a causative role in a disease then a transgenic animal that overexpresses the gene or in which expression of the gene is inhibited may exhibit features of the disease. The invention therefore provides a method of determining whether a candidate gene plays a causative role in disease comprising (i) creating a transgenic animal using a lentiviral vector of the invention that encodes the candidate gene or encodes an RNAi agent targeted to the gene; and (ii) determining that the candidate gene plays a role in the disease if the transgenic animal exhibits one or more features of the disease.
 Potential therapeutic agents can be administered to the animal models of disease and the ability of the agent(s) to provide a beneficial effect, e.g., to reduce the risk that the animal will develop the disease, to inhibit disease progression, to reduce one or more symptoms or signs of the disease, to extend lifespan, etc., can be assessed. The disease can be a monogenic disease displaying a Mendelian single gene inheritance pattern or a multigenic disease, e.g., a disease in which alleles or mutations at multiple different genetic loci confer increased susceptibility or play a protective role. Exemplary diseases of interest for which animal models can be created include allergy, asthma, autoimmune diseases, atherosclerosis, cancer, diabetes, susceptibility to various infections, neurodegenerative diseases, neuropsychiatric diseases such as depression, epilepsy, schizophrenia; etc. Transgenic animals that express one or more RNAi agents targeted to different disease-associated genes can be bred to one another to create animal models of multigenic diseases.
 Transgenic animals of the invention can also be used to test diagnostic or imaging reagents.
 In some embodiments, an RNAi agent is targeted to a gene that encodes or plays a role in synthesis of a polypeptide or other molecule that would be antigenic in humans. The transgenic animal is deficient in the antigenic molecule. Such animals may be used as sources of organs for organ transplantation. In embodiments of the invention in which the nucleic acid segment that encodes an RNAi agent or a strand thereof is foxed, inhibition of the target transcript may be reversed by expressing Cre, thereby excising the nucleic acid from the genome of cells in which Cre is expressed. Thus the invention allows conditional and tissue-specific expression of target transcripts in cells or tissues of a transgenic animal.
 Transgenic animals generated using the lentiviral vectors of the present invention may be used to produce an RNA or polypeptide of interest. For example, transgenic goats, cattle, pigs, etc., may express the polypeptide in their milk, from which the polypeptide can be harvested. Transgenic avians, e.g., chickens, can produce the polypeptide of interest in their eggs, e.g., in egg white. Appropriate regulatory sequences to achieve cell or tissue specific expression of a transgene in the mammary gland or in eggs (e.g., a promoter derived from a protein present in milk such as casein or whey acid protein, or in egg white such as ovalbumin or lysein, can be used; Houdebine, 2000; Lillico, 2005; and references therein). A polypeptide of interest may be, e.g., a polypeptide of pharmaceutical or diagnostic interest such as a monoclonal antibody, enzyme, clotting factor, recombinant receptor
 Lentiviral vectors of the invention may be used to generate transgenic methods using any suitable method known in the art. Lentiviral particles of the invention may be used to create transgenic animals, wherein the transgene is a heterologous nucleic acid contained in the genome of the lentiviral particle. For example, lentiviral particles of the invention may be injected into the perivitelline space of single-cell embryos, which may then be implanted and carried to term. Alternately, the zona pellucida may be removed and the denuded embryo incubated with lentiviral suspension prior to implantation (Lois, 2002). This approach offers a convenient and efficient method of creating a variety of transgenic animals, e.g., birds, mice, rats, pigs, cattle, and other mammals. Lentiviral transgenesis is recognized as being an effective means of generating transgenic animals of a wide variety of types, and methods for doing so are readily available in the literature (Pfeifer, 2004; Hofmann, 2003; Fassler, 2004; and references in any of the foregoing.)
 Alternatively or additionally, transgenic animals may be generated through standard (non-viral) means such as pronuclear injection of a transfer plasmid of the invention. Briefly, these methods include (i) introducing a transfer plasmid of the invention comprising a transgene into nuclei of fertilized eggs by microinjection, followed by transfer of the egg into the genital tract of a pseudopregnant female; or (ii) introducing a transfer plasmid of the invention comprising a transgene into a cultured somatic cell (e.g., using any convenient technique such as transfection, electroporation, etc.), selecting cells in which the transgene has integrated into genomic DNA, transferring the nucleus from a selected cell into an oocyte or zygote, optionally culturing the oocyte or zygote in vitro to the morula or blastula stage, and transferring the embryo into a recipient female. Cytoplasmic microinjection of an appropriate lentiviral transfer plasmid into an oocyte or embryonic cell can also be used. Heterozygous or chimeric animals obtained using these methods are identified and bred to produce homozygotes.
 Methods for making transgenic avians are known in the art and include those described above and variations thereof. Methods suitable for production of transgenic avians and other transgenic animals are described, for example, in U.S. Pat. No. 6,730,822; U.S. Patent Publications 2002/0108132 and 2003/0126629; and references in these, and can be used to generate transgenic animals using the vectors of the present invention.
 The invention provides a variety of kits comprising one or more of the lentiviral vectors of the invention. For example, the invention provides a kit comprising a lentiviral vector comprising a nucleic acid comprising (i) a eukaryotic anti-repressor element (ARE); and (ii) lentivirus derived sequences sufficient for reverse transcription and packaging. A nucleic acid may further comprise an SAR. Any of the lentiviral vectors described herein may be included in the kit. In certain embodiments of the invention a lentiviral vector is a lentiviral transfer plasmid. A kit may comprise multiple different lentiviral vectors and may include one or more lentiviral vectors that do not comprise an ARE. A kit may comprise any of a number of additional components or reagents in any combination. The various combinations are not set forth explicitly but each combination is included in the scope of the invention. For example, one or more of the following items: (i) one or more vectors, e.g., plasmids, that collectively comprise nucleic acid sequences coding for retroviral or lentiviral Gag and Pol proteins and an envelope protein. The set of vectors may include two or more vectors. According to certain embodiments of the invention the kit includes (in addition to a lentiviral vector of the invention) at least two vectors (e.g., plasmids), one of which provides nucleic acid sequences coding for Gag and Pol and the other of which provides nucleic acid segments coding for an envelope protein; (ii) cells (e.g., a cell line) that are permissive for production of lentiviral particles (e.g., 293T cells); (iii) packaging cells, e.g., a cell line that is permissive for production of lentiviral particles and provides the proteins Gag, Pol, Env, and, optionally, Rev; (iv) cells suitable for use in titering lentiviral particles; (v) a transfection-enhancing agent such as Lipofectamine; (vii) an infection/transduction enhancing agent such as polybrene; (vii) a selection agent such as an antibiotic, preferably corresponding to an antibiotic resistance gene in the lentiviral transfer plasmid; (viii) a lentiviral vector comprising a heterologous nucleic acid segment such as a reporter gene that may serve as a positive control (referred to as a "positive control vector"); (ix) a lentiviral vector ("silencing control vector") comprising a heterologous nucleic acid that encodes an RNAi agent targeted to a selected gene ("control gene") for use as a control for gene silencing. Any gene may be selected as a control gene. The control gene may be, e.g., an abundantly and/or ubiquitously expressed gene such as the gene encoding cyclophilin. The RNAi agent is preferably one that is known to effectively silence the control gene. The kit may include (x) a vector for testing a sequence of an RNAi agent to determine whether it effectively silences a target gene of interest. For example, the vector can be a Renilla/firefly dual-luciferase reporter gene into which a target gene of interest, or a portion thereof, can be cloned. Alternatively or additionally the kit may include any of the following: (xi) one or more restriction enzymes; (xii) DNA oligonucleotide primers or linkers compatible with the lentiviral vector for use in cloning shRNA-encoding DNA into the vector (e.g., the primers or linkers may be at least in part complementary or identical to a portion of the vector that comprises a restriction site or portion thereof; (xiii) DNA ligation or amplification enzymes, e.g., DNA ligase, DNA polymerase (e.g., heat-stable DNA polymerase such as Taq polymerase); (xiv) one or more reaction buffers.
 According to certain embodiments of the invention a kit comprises a set of lentiviral vector comprising a variety of different promoters and/or reporter genes. For example, a kit may comprise a first lentiviral vector that comprises a Pol I or Pol III promoter and a second lentiviral vector that comprises a heterologous Pol II promoter.
 Kits typically include instructions for use of lentiviral vectors. Instructions may, for example, comprise protocols and/or describe conditions for transfection, transduction, infection, production of lentiviral particles, gene silencing, etc. Kits will generally include one or more vessels or containers so that some or all of the individual components and reagents may be separately housed. Kits may also include a means for enclosing individual containers in relatively close confinement for commercial sale, e.g., a plastic box, in which instructions, packaging materials such as styrofoam, etc., may be enclosed. An identifier, e.g., a bar code, radio frequency identification (ID) tag, etc., may be present in or on the kit or in or one or more of the vessels or containers included in the kit. An identifier can be used, e.g., to uniquely identify the kit for purposes of quality control, inventory control, tracking, movement between workstations, etc.
 The invention provides "sets" or "collections" comprising multiple lentiviral vectors of the invention, each of which encodes a polypeptide of interest or an RNAi agent of interest. A collection may include vectors that collectively comprise at least approximately 10% of the coding sequences of a eukaryotic organism of interest, e.g., a rodent (e.g., mouse, rat, hamster), primate (e.g., human), etc., or that collectively encode at least approximately 10% of the polypeptides expressed in a eukaryotic cell or organism of interest. A collection may include vectors that collectively comprise between approximately 10% and approximately 100% of the coding sequences of a eukaryotic organism of interest, or any intervening range. A collection may include vectors that collectively encode RNAi agents targeted to coding sequences of a eukaryotic organism of interest, e.g., a rodent (e.g., mouse, rat, hamster), primate (e.g., human), etc., or that collectively encode RNAi agents targeted to at least approximately 10% of the genes that encode polypeptides expressed in a eukaryotic cell or organism of interest. A collection may include vectors that collectively encode RNAi agents targeted to between approximately 10% and approximately 100% of the coding sequences of a eukaryotic organism of interest, or any intervening range.
 The invention further provides collections of transgenic animals generated using collections of lentiviral vectors.
Therapeutic Applications and Pharmaceutical Compositions
 Lentiviral vectors of the invention are useful for a wide variety of therapeutic applications. In particular, they are useful in any context for which gene therapy is contemplated. For example, lentiviral vectors comprising a heterologous nucleic acid segment operably linked to a promoter are useful for any disease or clinical condition associated with reduction or absence of the protein encoded by the heterologous nucleic acid segment, or any disease or clinical condition that can be effectively treated by augmenting the expression of the encoded protein within the subject. For example, lentiviral vectors comprising a nucleic acid segment encoding the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) or encoding α1-antitrypsin may be used for the treatment of cystic fibrosis and α1-antitrypsin deficiency, respectively. Lentiviral vectors comprising a nucleic acid segment encoding Factor VIII or Factor IX may be used for treatment of hemophilia A or B, respectively. Lentiviral vectors comprising a nucleic acid segment encoding gamma c gene can be used for treatment of X-linked severe combined immunodeficiency (Hacein-Bey-Abina, 2002).
 Inventive lentiviral vectors that comprise an expression cassette for synthesis of an RNAi agent (e.g., one or more siRNAs or shRNAs) are useful in treating any disease or clinical condition associated with overexpression of a transcript or its encoded protein in a subject, or any disease or clinical condition that may be treated by causing reduction of a transcript or its encoded protein in a subject. For example, many cancers are associated with overexpression of oncogene products. Delivering a lentiviral vector that provides a template for synthesis of one or more RNAs that self-hybridize or hybridize with each other to form an RNAi agent such as an shRNA or siRNA targeted to the transcript encoding the oncogene product may be used to treat such cancers. The high degree of specificity achieved by RNA interference allows selective targeting of transcripts comprising single base pair mutations while not interfering with expression of the normal cellular allele. Lentiviral vectors that comprise an expression cassette for synthesis of one or more RNAs that self-hybridize or hybridize with each other to form an RNAi agent targeted to a transcript encoding a cytokine may be used to regulate immune system responses (e.g., responses responsible for organ transplant rejection, allergy, autoimmune diseases, inflammation, etc.): Lentiviral vectors that provide a template for synthesis of one or more RNAs that self-hybridize or hybridize with each other to form an RNAi agent targeted to a transcript of an infectious agent or targeted to a cellular transcript whose encoded product is necessary for or contributes to any aspect of the infectious process may be used in the treatment of infectious diseases.
 Gene therapy protocols may involve administering an effective amount of a lentiviral vector whose presence within a cell results in production of an RNAi agent to a subject either before, substantially contemporaneously, with, or after the onset of a condition to be treated. Another approach that may be used alternatively or in combination with the foregoing is to isolate a population of cells, e.g., stem cells or immune system cells from a subject, optionally expand the cells in tissue culture, and administer a lentiviral vector whose presence within a cell results in production of an RNAi agent to the cells in vitro. The cells may then be returned to the subject, where, for example, they may provide a population of cells that produce an RNAi agent, or that are resistant to infection by an infectious organism, etc. Optionally, cells expressing a therapeutic RNAi agent can be selected in vitro prior to introducing them into the subject. In some embodiments of the invention, a population of cells, which may be cells from a cell line or from an individual other than the subject, can be used. Methods of isolating stem cells, immune system cells, etc., from a subject and returning them to the subject are well known in the art. Such methods are used, e.g., for bone marrow transplant, peripheral blood stem cell transplant, etc., in patients undergoing chemotherapy.
 Compositions comprising lentiviral vectors of the invention may encode an RNAi agent targeted to a single site in a single target transcript, or alternatively may encode multiple different RNAi agents targeted to one or more sites in one or more target transcripts. In some embodiments of the invention, it will be desirable to utilize compositions comprising one or more lentiviral vectors that collectively encode multiple different RNAi agents targeted to different genes, which may be cellular genes or, where an infection is being treated, genes of an infectious organism. Some embodiments of the invention provide templates for more than one siRNA or shRNA species targeted to a single transcript. To give but one example, it may be desirable to provide templates for synthesis of one or more RNAs that self-hybridize or hybridize with each other to form at least one RNAi agent targeted to coding regions of a target transcript and at least one RNAi agent targeted to the 3' UTR. This strategy may provide extra assurance that products encoded by the relevant transcript will not be generated because at least one agent will target the transcript for degradation while at least one other inhibits the translation of any transcripts that avoid degradation. The invention encompasses "therapeutic cocktails," including approaches in which a single lentiviral particle provides templates for synthesis of one or more RNAs that self-hybridize or hybridize to form RNAi agents that inhibit multiple target transcripts. The invention further encompasses compositions comprising a lentiviral vector of the invention and a second therapeutic agent, e.g., a composition approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.
 Inventive compositions may be formulated for delivery by any available route including, but not limited to parenteral (e.g., intravenous), intradermal, subcutaneous, oral (e.g., inhalation), transdermal (topical), transmucosal, rectal, and vaginal. Commonly used routes of delivery include parenteral, transmucosal, rectal, and vaginal. Inventive pharmaceutical compositions typically include a lentiviral vector in combination with a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier. As used herein the language "pharmaceutically acceptable carrier" includes solvents, dispersion media, coatings, antibacterial and antifungal agents, isotonic and absorption delaying agents, and the like, compatible with pharmaceutical administration. Supplementary active compounds can also be incorporated into the compositions.
 In some embodiments, active agents, i.e., a lentiviral vector of the invention and/or other agents to be administered together with a lentiviral vector of the invention, are prepared with carriers that will protect the compound against rapid elimination from the body, such as a controlled release formulation, including implants and microencapsulated delivery systems. Biodegradable, biocompatible polymers can be used, such as ethylene vinyl acetate, polyanhydrides, polyglycolic acid, collagen, polyorthoesters, and polylactic acid. Methods for preparation of such compositions will be apparent to those skilled in the art. Suitable materials can also be obtained commercially from Alza Corporation and Nova Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Liposomes can also be used as pharmaceutically acceptable carriers. These can be prepared according to methods known to those skilled in the art, for example, as described in U.S. Pat. No. 4,522,811. In some embodiments the composition is targeted to particular cell types or to cells that are infected by a virus. For example, compositions can be targeted using monoclonal antibodies to cell surface markers, e.g., endogenous markers or viral antigens expressed on the surface of infected cells.
 It is advantageous to formulate compositions in dosage unit form for ease of administration and uniformity of dosage. Dosage unit form as used herein refers to physically discrete units suited as unitary dosages for the subject to be treated; each unit comprising a predetermined quantity of a lentiviral vector calculated to produce the desired therapeutic effect in association with a pharmaceutical carrier.
 Pharmaceutical compositions can be administered at various intervals and over different periods of time as required, e.g., one time per week for between about 1 to about 10 weeks; between about 2 to about 8 weeks; between about 3 to about 7 weeks; about 4 weeks; about 5 weeks; about 6 weeks, etc. For certain conditions such as HIV it may be necessary to administer the therapeutic composition on an indefinite basis to keep the disease under control. The skilled artisan will appreciate that certain factors can influence the dosage and timing required to effectively treat a subject, including but not limited to the severity of the disease or disorder, previous treatments, the general health and/or age of the subject, and other diseases present. Treatment of a subject with a lentiviral vector can include a single treatment or, in many cases, can include a series of treatments.
 Exemplary doses for administration of gene therapy vectors and methods for determining suitable doses are known in the art. It is furthermore understood that appropriate doses of a lentiviral vector that encodes an RNAi agent, i.e., a vector that comprises a template for synthesis of one or more RNAs that self-hybridize or hybridize with each other to form an RNAi agent such as an shRNA or siRNA may depend upon the potency of the RNAi agent and may optionally be tailored to the particular recipient, for example, through administration of increasing doses until a preselected desired response is achieved. The appropriate dose level for any particular subject may depend upon a variety of factors including the activity of the specific RNAi agent employed, the age, body weight, general health, gender, and diet of the subject, the time of administration, the route of administration, the rate: of excretion, other administered therapeutic agents, and the degree to which it is desired to inhibit gene expression or activity.
 Lentiviral gene therapy vectors can be delivered to a subject by, for example, intravenous injection, local administration, or by stereotactic injection (see, e.g., Chen et al. 1994, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci., USA, 91:3054). In certain embodiments of the invention, vectors may be delivered orally or inhalationally and may be encapsulated or otherwise manipulated to protect them from degradation, enhance uptake into tissues or cells, etc. Pharmaceutical preparations can include a lentiviral vector in an acceptable diluent, or can comprise a slow release matrix in which a lentiviral vector is imbedded. Alternatively or additionally, where a vector can be produced intact from recombinant cells, as is the case for retroviral or lentiviral vectors as described herein, a pharmaceutical preparation can include one or more cells which produce vectors. Pharmaceutical compositions comprising a lentiviral vector of the invention can be included in a container, pack, or dispenser, optionally together with instructions for administration.
Selection of a Candidate Type 1 Diabetes-Associated Gene for Analysis by RNAi
Materials and Methods
 Congenic NOD Strains
 The Idd5.1 and Idd5.1/Idd5.2 strains used have been reported previously as NOD.B10 Idd5R193 and NOD.B10 Idd5R444, respectively (Wicker, 2004). The Idd5.2 strain is a novel congenic strain developed from the Idd5.1/Idd5.2 by marker-assisted breeding as detailed previously (Hill, 2004).
 The development of the NOD.B10 Idd5.1/Idd5.2 (R444) N13, NOD.B10 Idd5.1/Idd5.2 (R444s) N14 and Idd5.1/Idd5.2 (R193) N16 congenic strains and the extent of disease protection due to their protective alleles have been detailed (Wicker, 2004). R444s and R193 define the distal and proximal boundaries, respectively, of Idd5.2. The Idd5.1 interval was initially defined in the context of a protective allele at the Idd5.1 region (Wicker, 2004; and Hill, 2004). The NOD.B10 Idd5.1 (R52) N14 strain is a novel strain and its reduced frequency of diabetes as compared to the NOD strain indicates that a protective allele at Idd5.2 is evident in the absence of a protective allele Idd5.1. The recombination event defining the R52 congenic strain was identified by screening progeny following the intercross of (R444×NOD) F1 mice. Mice homozygous for the congenic region were identified following an intercross of heterozygous congenic mice derived from the selected recombinant mouse. The NOD.B10 Idd5.1/Idd5.2 (R444) N14 and Idd5.1/Idd5.2 (R193) are available from Taconic, Inc. via the Emerging Models Program as lines 1094 and 2574, respectively. Idd5.1 congenic strains, with protection from diabetes equal to that of R52, are also available (lines 3388 and 6146).
 Measurement of Diabetes Frequency
 Mice were considered diabetic when urinary glucose was >500 mg/dl; as measured with Diastix (Bayer Diagnostics). Diabetic mice also exhibited polydipsia, polyuria, and weight loss.
 Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is an autoimmune disease influenced by many different genetic loci. More than 20 insulin-dependent diabetes (Idd) loci have been identified in the nonobese diabetic (NOD) mouse model by congenic strain positional cloning (Makino, 1980; and Todd, 2001); but because direct targeted gene-disruption is not yet possible in this strain, few gene variants have been shown to be causal (Ueda, 2003; and Vijayakrishnan, 2004). Nramp1 (also known as Slc11a1) encodes for a phagosomal ion-transporter that affects resistance to intracellular pathogens and influences antigen presentation (Vidal, 1993; Vidal, 1995; and Wojciechowski, 1999). This gene is the strongest candidate amongst the 42 genes in the protective Idd5.2 locus in which a naturally occurring mutation confers loss-of-function to the NRAMP1 protein (Wicker, 2004).
 Genetic analysis of the NOD model of type 1 diabetes (T1D) by a congenic strain positional cloning strategy has helped uncover numerous genetic intervals linked to disease. However, the reduction of a congenic interval to include only one disease-associated gene is nearly always technically impossible, particularly in gene-dense regions. Breeding knock-out (KO) alleles from a different mouse strain into the NOD background, besides being a very lengthy process, introduces genes closely linked to the KO allele that may themselves affect disease incidence (Kanagawa, 2000).
 RNAi has been demonstrated to be achievable in mice (Rubinson, 2003; and Tiscornia, 2003). We therefore decided to test the feasibility of using RNAi to study causal genes in the NOD model of T1D. We selected a target gene that fulfills three criteria. First, the gene of interest had to be a likely candidate for a known disease-linked locus. Second, the polymorphism of this gene between disease-susceptible and disease-resistant alleles had to give rise to either a gain or loss of function that can be compensated or mimicked, respectively, by RNAi. Lastly, strains congenic for the locus of interest had to be available to permit direct comparison of disease incidence between congenic strains and animals in which the gene is silenced by RNAi. We found Nramp1 to fulfill all three criteria.
 The Nramp1 gene has been determined to be the most likely candidate for the Idd5.2 locus (Wicker, 2004). FIG. 7a is a schematic representation of the Idd5.1 (2.1 Mb) and Idd5.2 (1.52 Mb) B10-derived regions (filled area) on chromosome 1 in NOD congenic mice. FIG. 7c is a schematic representation of the chromosome 1 region in Idd5.2 congenic mice. Filled regions are B10-derived. The Idd5.2 region contains 42 genes, including Nramp1. The protective allele of this locus comprises a mutation that confers a loss-of-function phenotype to the NRAMP1 protein (Vidal, 2003). Interestingly, this mutation also confers susceptibility to intracellular pathogen infection and has a clear role in other immune processes (Vidal, 1993; Vidal, 1995; Wojciechowski, 1999).
 F1 mice are B10 homozygous at Idd5.1 and heterozygous at Idd5.2. We analyzed the development of diabetes over time in Idd5.1 (n=62), Idd5.1/Idd5.2 (n=55), and F1 (Idd5.1/Idd5.1, Idd5.21+; n=71) mice (FIG. 7b). In addition, we analyzed the development of diabetes over time in NOD (n=67), Idd5.2 (n=67), and Idd5.2/+ (n=53) female mice. FIG. 7d illustrates the dose effect of the Idd5.2 locus in isolation of the protective Idd5.1 locus. Note that in this animal model diabetic mice die within 2-3 weeks of diagnosis; therefore development of diabetes is essentially equivalent to death in these mice. As shown in FIGS. 7b and 7d, congenic mice having only one dose of the protective allele at Idd5.2 had a reduced frequency of T1D, demonstrating that the protective Idd5.2 allele is dominant, particularly within the context of protective Idd5.1 alleles (Ueda, 2003; and Wicker, 2004; FIG. 7b). If the protection mediated by Idd5.2 is indeed due to a nonfunctional NRAMP1 protein, the inventors anticipated that the dominant protection would enable even incomplete silencing of Nramp1 by RNAi to have a detectable effect on diabetes incidence.
Design and Construction of a Lentiviral Vector Showing Reduced Variegation after Transgenesis
Materials and Methods
 Generation of the pLB Vector
 pLL3.7 is a lentiviral transfer plasmid that comprises a U6 promoter located upstream of a multiple cloning site suitable for insertion of a template for transcription of an shRNA (Rubinson, et al., 2003). Anti-repressor #40 (ref. 17) was amplified from genomic DNA using the following primers: 5' sense-ATATGGGCCCGGTGCTTTGCTCTGAGCCAGCCAC (SEQ ID NO: 123), 3' antisense-ATATGGGCCCTGGCAGAAATGCAGGCTGAGTGAG (SEQ ID NO: 124) and cloned into the ApaI restriction site of pLL3.7. The human IFN-β SAR element (Klehr, 1991) was kindly provided by Dr. J. Bode and cloned into the blunted KpnI restriction site of pLL3.7.
 Generation of Lentivirus and Embryo Transgenesis
 Lentiviral production was done as described previously (Rubinson, et al., 2003; and U.S. Patent Publication 2005/0251872). Briefly, lentiviral pLL3.7 or pLB vector was co-transfected with packaging vectors into 293FT cells, and supernatants were collected at 48 hours and 72 hours. Combined supernatants were ultracentrifuged at 25,000 rpm for 1.5 hours in a Beckman SW32Ti rotor. Virus was resuspended in 50 p. 1 phosphate-buffered saline and titered as described (Rubinson, et al., 2003). Concentrated virus preparation (>5×108 infectious units (IFU)/ml) was injected into the perivitelline space of single-cell embryos of the NOD or NOD Idd5.1 genotype that were then reimplanted into the oviduct of pseudo-pregnant recipient females.
 Flow Cytometry
 Peripheral blood, lymph node cells, splenocytes or thymocytes were stained with fluorochrome-conjugated anti-TCR, anti-B220, anti-CD4, anti-CD8, and anti-CD11b, as indicated (all from BD Pharmingen). Cells were washed and analyzed on a FACScalibur or FACScanto flow cytometer (Becton-Dickinson). Data analysis was performed using FlowJo software (TreeStar Inc.).
 To first assess the potential use of RNAi in vivo in the NOD background, we initially targeted the T cell surface receptor CD8, a gene that is easily monitored and highly expressed. pLL3.7 is a lentiviral vector previously shown to mediate silencing in vivo in the C57BL/6 background (Rubinson, et al., 2003). Using this vector, a portion of which is shown in FIG. 6a, we generated lentivirus encoding a CD8-targeting short-hairpin RNA (shRNA), as shown in FIG. 6b. This virus was micro-injected into the perivitelline space of single-cell NOD embryos which, subsequent to re-implantation into pseudo-pregnant recipients, developed into transgenic adult NOD mice.
 As shown previously, the expression of pLL3.7-CD8 shRNA decreased cell surface expression of this molecule on CD8.sup.+ T cells (Rubinson, et al., 2003). FIG. 8a shows a flow cytometry analysis of peripheral blood from a pLL3.7-CD8 shRNA lentiviral transgenic NOD mouse (right panels) and a non-transgenic littermate (left panels). The top panels show CD3 expression in the lymphocyte population. The middle panels show CD4 and GFP expression (gated on CD4.sup.+ cells). The bottom panels show CD8 and GFP expression (gated on CD8'' cells). CD4 and CD3 expression were unaffected by CD8 shRNA expression in T cells, suggesting a specific effect on the targeted gene. Expression of the GFP marker protein correlated well with silencing: few, if any, cells that expressed GFP retained wild-type levels of CD8. Conversely, no reduction of CD8 expression was detected in GFP-negative cells.
 As shown in FIG. 8a, it became apparent that only a relatively low percentage of cells actually expressed the lentiviral construct. Expression was also variable between cell lineages. For example, GFP was detected in 34% of CD4 T cells, but in only 11% of B cells and 17.5% of granulocytes (FIG. 8a and data not shown). This variegated expression was consistently observed in several founder mice generated with different pLL3.7 constructs in both C57BL/6 and NOD animals. While not wishing to be bound by any theory, we believe that variegation was most likely due to epigenetic silencing, rather than mosaicism, since the progeny of lentiviral transgenic animals displayed similar variegation (FIG. 9a). To date, no reports have yet quantitatively demonstrated consistent and ubiquitous systemic expression of lentiviral constructs after transgenesis, regardless of integrant copy-numbers (Lois, 2002; Rubinson, 2003; and Lu, 2004).
 In order to address this issue of variegated expression, we decided to modify the pLL3.7 vector by adding two genetic elements that we hypothesized would reduce the variegation. The upper portion of FIG. 8b shows a schematic diagram of a portion of pLL3.7 prior to modification. The U6 and CMV promoters drive shRNA and GFP expression, respectively. (Certain elements present in the vector and depicted in FIG. 6a are not shown here.) We modified pLL3.7 by inserting a fragment of one anti-repressor element (#40) (Kwaks, 2003) upstream of the U6 promoter and another element, termed scaffold-attached region (SAR) (Klehr, 1991) downstream of GFP to flank the expression cassette. The resulting vector was termed pLB. A portion of pLB, showing the positions of the added genetic elements, is presented in the lower portion of FIG. 8b.
 We used the new pLB vector to generate transgenic NOD mice and analyzed GFP expression in hematopoietic cells isolated from these mice using flow cytometry, as shown in FIG. 8c. Peripheral blood from a pLB lentiviral transgenic NOD mouse (right panels) and a non-transgenic littermate (FIG. 8c, left panels) was stained for TCR (T cell marker), B220 (B cell marker), and CD11b (macrophage marker) for analysis by flow cytometry. The top, middle and bottom panels of FIG. 8c are gated on TCR.sup.+, B220.sup.+, and B220'' CD11b.sup.+ cells, respectively. Lineage marker and GFP expression are shown for each population. Transgenic mice generated with pLB vector displayed more consistent expression throughout hematopoietic lineages than mice generated with pLL3.7. Variegation was reduced, as some founders expressed the new lentiviral construct in 70% of peripheral blood cells in multiple lineages.
Design and Testing of shRNA to Target Nramp1 mRNA
Materials and Methods
 Short Hairpin RNA Design
 Nramp1 target sequences were selected according to criteria described previously (Schwarz, 2003; Khvorova, 2003; Reynolds, 2004): 545-GGACGGCTATCTCCTTCAA (SEQ ID NO: 125), 666-GCTTTCTTCGGTCTCCTCA (SEQ ID NO: 127), 870-GGTCAAGTCTAGAGAAGTA (SEQ ID NO: 126), 915-GCCAACATGTACTTCCTGA (SEQ ID NO: 128), 2196-GGCTCACAACCATCCATAA (SEQ ID NO: 129). These target sequences were used for the design of shRNA sequences as described previously (Rubinson, 2003). The complete sequences of the two oligos that were used for the 915 shRNA are as follows:
TABLE-US-00001 Forward: (SEQ ID NO: 130) 5'TGCCAACATGTACTTCCTGATTCAAGAGATCAGGAAGTACATGTTGGC TTTTTTC 3' Reverse: (SEQ ID NO: 131) 5'TCGAGAAAAAAGCCAACATGTACTTCCTGATCTCTTGAATCAGGAAGT ACATGTTGGCA 3'
 The resulting shRNA sequences were cloned into the pLB vector using the HpaI and XhoI restriction sites. FIG. 6d shows the Nramp1 stem loop sequence and the Nramp1 shRNA predicted to form following transcription.
 Dual-Luciferase Reporter Assay
 Nramp1 cDNA (gift from Dr. J. Blackwell) was cloned into the psiCHECK2 dual-luciferase reporter vector (Promega). 293FT cells (105) were co-transfected with 50 ng psiCHECK2-Nramp1 or empty psiCHECK-2 vector, and 150 ng pLB vector (with or without NRAMP1 shRNA) using FuGene-6 transfection reagent (Roche Diagnostics). Cell lysates were analyzed using a Dual-Luciferase assay system (Promega) with a Veritas luminometer (Turner Biosystems). Ratios of Renilla/firefly luciferase activity were calculated and normalized to empty pLB transfection measurement (i.e. empty pLB=100% activity). Results are given in percent of relative luminescence units (RLU).
 We designed several shRNA sequences to target Nramp1 mRNA using an algorithm that incorporates the most recently published criteria. These shRNA sequences were validated with a dual-luciferase reporter assay. The full-length Nramp1 cDNA was cloned into the 3' UTR of the Renilla luciferase gene, and efficiency of silencing was assessed after co-transfection of the luciferase/Nramp1 reporter vector together with different shRNA sequences cloned into pLB. RNAi mediated by an effective shRNA targeted to Nramp1 should result in degradation of the luciferase/Nramp1 mRNA encoded by the reporter vector, thereby reducing Renilla luciferase expression (FIG. 8d). Several sequences potently silenced Renilla luciferase, with the best sequences tested inhibiting up to 85% of luciferase activity. Silencing was specific for the Nramp1 sequence, as shRNA expression did not affect luciferase activity in the absence of Nramp1 cDNA. The shRNA sequence 915 was consistently found to be most effective against Nramp1 cDNA and was used in the generation of lentiviral transgenic NOD mice as described in Example 4 below.
Generation and Characterization of Lentiviral Transgenic NOD Mice Expressing shRNA Targeted to Nramp1
Materials and Methods
 Generation of Lentivirus and Embryo Transgenesis.
 These were performed as described in Example 2.
 Detection of NRAMP1 Protein
 Mice were injected intra-peritoneally with 1 mg Concanavalin A (Sigma-Aldrich)5 days prior to peritoneal lavage. Peritoneal exudate cells (PEC) were stained for CD11b and sorted for CD11b and GFP expression by flow cytometry. Sorted macrophages were immediately lysed and analyzed by western blotting for NRAMP1 expression using a rabbit polyclonal antibody (clone H-100) followed by goat anti-rabbit HRP-conjugated antibody (both from Santa Cruz Biotech). HRP activity was detected with Western Lightning reagent (Perkins-Elmer). Protein loading was controlled by stripping the membrane and reprobing with γ-tubulin antibody (Sigma-Aldrich).
 The shRNA sequence 915 was consistently found to be most effective against Nramp1 cDNA and was used in the generation of lentiviral transgenic NOD mice. Single-cell embryos from Idd5.1 congenic NOD mice (FIG. 7) were injected with pLB-915 virus and reimplanted into pseudo-pregnant recipients. Two out of the three pups born following injection expressed high levels of GFP. In one founder in particular, approximately 65% of all peripheral blood cells expressed the lentiviral construct. Separate cell lineages differed to some degree, with 70% of T cells and 65% of B cells and macrophages being GFP-positive (FIG. 9b). To assess the possibility of establishing large, homogenous cohorts of lentiviral transgenic NOD mice, we extensively bred this founder and its progeny with Idd5.1 mice over four generations.
 Approximately 50% of the progeny expressed the lentiviral construct (165/362). Southern-blot analysis confirmed that the GFP-positive phenotype correlated with the inheritance of a single locus (not shown). GFP expression was detected in 45%-75% of hematopoietic cells in F1 mice (FIG. 10a). F2 mice expressed significantly higher levels than the F1 generation (average 73%, unpaired t-test: P<0.0001), independently of parental expression (F2 mice were from five separate breeders), with the highest levels of expression reaching 90% in the peripheral blood. F3 and F4 mice displayed high expression levels (average 77% and 73%, respectively), similar to the F2 generation. Analysis of thymocytes, splenocytes, and lymph node cells confirmed that expression was consistently over 75%, and as high as 90% in some animals (FIG. 10b and data not shown). Without wishing to be bound by any theory, the variability in the F1 generation could be attributed to interference between lentiviral integrants (FIGS. 12a-12b), the exact mechanism of which remains elusive. However, expression remained stable and consistent throughout the F2, F3, and F4 generations.
 To determine whether the number of copies of the transgene affect levels of transgene expression, lentiviral construct expression was determined in pLB-915 transgenic heterozygotes and homozygotes. A non-transgenic male and a heterozygous pLB-915 transgenic founder Idd5.1 congenic mouse were crossed, yielding progeny which have either one or no copies of the lentiviral transgene. In addition, two heterozygous pLB-915 transgenic founder Idd5.1 congenic mice were crossed, yielding mice which have either two, one, or no copies of the lentiviral transgene. Flow cytometry of peripheral blood cells from the progeny of these crosses was performed, and GFP expression was determined for all of the littermates from both crosses (FIG. 16). Mice with blood cells displaying approximately 0% GFP expression are likely to have no copies of the transgene; mice with blood cells displaying approximately 50% GFP expression are likely to have one copy of the transgene; and mice with blood cells displaying approximately 70% GFP expression are likely to have two copies of the transgene (FIG. 16). These data show that the variegated expression level of the lentiviral transgene is independently regulated between the two copies and that the total expression in homozygous mice is therefore higher (albeit not in an additive manner) than in heterozygous offspring. Therefore, the present invention encompasses the recognition that, even in a heterozygote transgenic line which displays a lower transgene expression relative to other heterozygote lines, breeding a homozygous cohort can improve expression.
 To measure silencing at the protein level in vivo, activated peritoneal macrophages were isolated and lysed immediately after cell-sorting for detection of NRAMP1 protein. As shown in FIG. 10c, NRAMP1 levels were much reduced (>70%) in cells expressing pLB-915, confirming that this construct effectively inhibited Nramp1 expression in transgenic mice.
Nramp1 Silencing by Lentiviral Transgenesis Mimics the Protective Effect of the Idd5.2 Locus Against Diabetes and Partially Protects Against Infection
Materials and Methods
 Salmonella Infections
 Male mice that were approximately 8 weeks of age were injected intravenously with approximately 1×107 CFU of Salmonella enterica serovar Montevideo (SH5770) and checked daily for survival.
 Measurement of Diabetes Frequency
 This was performed as in Example 1.
 Although gene silencing seemed potent in the hematopoietic lineage cells analyzed as described in Example 4, it was uncertain whether the expression of the lentiviral construct observed in vivo would suffice to significantly affect systemic immune responses. Since NRAMP1 plays an essential function in protecting against intracellular pathogens (Vidal, 1995), we tested whether Nramp1 silencing in vivo conferred susceptibility to Salmonella enterica infection, as would be predicted if gene function was lost.
 pLB-915 transgenic Idd5.1 mice, their non-transgenic littermates, and mice congenic for resistance alleles at both Idd5.1 and Idd5.2 were injected intravenously with Salmonella and monitored daily. Non-transgenic Idd5.1 mice had a fully functional allele of Nramp1, and all but one (out of eight) survived the bacterial challenge (FIG. 11a). Idd5.1/Idd5.2 mice possessed a mutated, non-functional allele and, as expected, succumbed to infection (7/7). Similarly, most Nramp1 knock-down Idd5.1 mice (5/8) failed to Survive the infection, demonstrating that gene silencing by lentiviral transgenesis was sufficient to partially mimic the gene-deficiency phenotype.
 Finally, in order to assess the role of NRAMP1 in the development and onset of diabetes, we established large cohorts of Nramp1 knock-down female Idd5.1 mice and of their non-transgenic female littermates. Disease frequency was significantly reduced in pLB-915 transgenic mice (FIG. 11b). Nramp1 silencing mimicked the protective effect of the Idd5.2 locus (compare with FIG. 7b), demonstrating Nramp1 to be Idd5.2.
 Several human studies have suggested an association of NRAMP1 with autoimmunity (Nishino, 2005; Takahashi, 2004; Sanjeevi, 2000; and Shaw, 1996). To investigate the effect of Nramp1 silencing on another autoimmune disease, we evaluated the susceptibility of Nramp1 knockdown Idd5.1 mice and of their nontransgenic littermates to experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), a widely used model for multiple sclerosis (Steinman, 2005). Nramp1 knockdown mice were (Idd5.1 KD, n=13) and nontransgenic Idd5.1 littermates (n=18) were immunized subcutaneously with MOG 35-55 peptide (100 μg) emulsified in CFA, and were administered pertussis toxin (200 ng) intraperitoneally the same day and 2 days later. Mice were scored daily for signs of disease: 1-limp tail, 2-partial hind-limb paralysis/impaired righting reflex, 3-complete hind-limb paralysis, 4-fore-limb and hind-limb paralysis, 5-moribund or dead. FIG. 13 shows combined results of two similar experiments shown as mean disease score=/-SEM. Nramp1 silencing again protected against disease (FIG. 13), further supporting a role for Nramp1 in autoimmunity (disease incidence: Idd5.1 18/18; Idd5.1 KD 8/13).
 A concern sometimes raised with regards to RNAi experiments is the possibility of off-target effects (Qiu, 2005; Jackson, 2004). The risk of misinterpreting the effects of RNAi is likely to be more prevalent in experiments with unpredicted outcome, for instance in large-scale genetic screens. In the present system, RNAi replicates the previously demonstrated effect of NRAMP1 deficiency on Salmonella infection, as well as the kinetics and level of protection from diabetes provided by the mutant allele, in the absence of any unexpected phenotype. Together with the judicious design of Nramp1 shRNA, these results minimize the possibility that off-target effects caused the observed phenotype.
 The present results demonstrate for the first time that RNAi can be effectively harnessed to study mammalian genetics within the context of a complex multigenic disease model. We generated a new lentiviral vector with dramatically improved in vivo expression, and showed that constitutive and inheritable RNAi can be used to phenocopy, at least in part, loss of gene-function. We employed this approach to determine the identity of the Idd5.2 locus in the NOD model. The protection from diabetes afforded by loss of NRAMP1 correlated with increased susceptibility to infection, as previously proposed in humans (Searle, 1999) where some reports have also suggested an association between NRAMP1 expression and several autoimmune diseases (Nishino, 2005; Takahashi, 2004; Sanjeevi, 2000; and Shaw, 1996) including diabetes. We anticipate that inventive systems and lentiviral vectors will lead the way in firmly establishing in vivo RNAi and lentiviral transgenesis as tools for the study of type 1 diabetes and other multigenic diseases in mammalian model organisms.
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 Those skilled in the art will recognize, or be able to ascertain using no more than routine experimentation, many equivalents to the specific embodiments of the invention described herein. The Examples below are provided to illustrate the invention and are not limiting. Alternative procedures known to one of ordinary skill in the art might also be used. The scope of the present invention is not intended to be limited to the above Description, but rather is as set forth in the appended claims.
 In the claims articles such as "a," "an" and "the" may mean one or more than one unless indicated to the contrary or otherwise evident from the context. Claims or descriptions that include "or" between one or more members of a group are considered satisfied if one, more than one, or all of the group members are present in, employed in, or otherwise relevant to a given product or process unless indicated to the contrary or otherwise evident from the context. The invention includes embodiments in which exactly one member of the group is present in, employed in, or otherwise relevant to a given product or process. The invention also includes embodiments in which more than one, or all of the group members are present in, employed in, or otherwise relevant to a given product or process. Furthermore, it is to be understood that the invention encompasses all variations, combinations, and permutations in which one or more limitations, elements, clauses, descriptive terms, etc., from one or more of the listed claims is introduced into another claim. In particular, any claim that is dependent on another claim can be modified to include one or more limitations found in any other claim that is dependent on the same base claim. Furthermore, where the claims recite a composition, it is to be understood that methods of administering the composition according to any of the methods disclosed herein, methods of using the composition for any of the purposes disclosed herein are included, and methods of making the composition according to any of the methods of making disclosed herein are included, unless otherwise indicated or unless it would be evident to one of ordinary skill in the art that a contradiction or inconsistency would arise. The invention includes embodiments that encompass every possible permutation of (i) an ARE, (ii) a SAR, (iii) lentivirus derived sequences for reverse transcription and packaging, (iv) regulatory sequences (e.g., promoters) for transcription of an operably linked nucleic acid, (v) heterologous nucleic acid (e.g., to be included in a lentiviral vector.
 Where elements are presented as lists, e.g., in Markush group format, it is to be understood that each subgroup of the elements is also disclosed, and any element(s) can be removed from the group. It should it be understood that, in general, where the invention, or aspects of the invention, is/are referred to as comprising particular elements, features, etc., certain embodiments of the invention or aspects of the invention consist, or consist essentially of, such elements, features, etc. For purposes of simplicity those embodiments have not been specifically set forth in haec verba herein. Where ranges are given herein, endpoints are included. Furthermore, it is to be understood that unless otherwise indicated or otherwise evident from the context and understanding of one of ordinary skill in the art, values that are expressed as ranges can assume any specific value or subrange within the stated ranges in different embodiments of the invention, to the tenth of the unit of the lower limit of the range, unless the context clearly dictates otherwise.
 Wherever the claims or description recite a lentiviral vector having particular features or comprising particular sequence elements, the invention also includes (i) methods of producing the lentiviral vector using any of the techniques described herein and (ii) methods of using the lentiviral vector for any of the purposes described herein including, but not limited to, (a) expressing a heterologous nucleic acid in an isolated eukaryotic cell (e.g., a mammalian or avian cell) or transgenic nonhuman animal (e.g., a mammal or avian); (b) generating a transgenic nonhuman animal; (c) inhibiting expression of a gene in an isolated eukaryotic cell or transgenic nonhuman organism (wherein the lentiviral vector comprises an expression cassette that encodes an RNAi agent such as an shRNA); (d) treating a subject by administering the lentiviral vector to the subject; (iii) an isolated eukaryotic (e.g., mammalian or avian) cell comprising the lentiviral vector; (iv) a transgenic nonhuman animal (e.g., mammal or avian) generated using the lentiviral vector; (v) kits comprising the lentiviral vector as a component. Any of the embodiments of the invention that include administering a lentiviral vector to a subject can include a step of providing a subject, e.g., a subject at risk of or suffering from a disease, disorder, or condition. The methods may include a step of diagnosing a subject as suffering from or at risk of a disease, disorder, or condition.
 In addition, it is to be understood that any one or more embodiments, variations, elements, sequences or sequence elements, diseases, conditions, genes, cell types, RNAi agents, etc., may be explicitly excluded from any one or more of the claims. For purposes of brevity, these various embodiments in which one or more elements, sequences or sequence elements, diseases, conditions, genes, cell types, RNAi agents, etc., is excluded from the claims are not set forth individually herein but are included in the invention.
1311749DNAArtificial sequencesequence of STAR1 1atgcggtggg ggcgcgccag agactcgtgg gatccttggc ttggatgttt ggatctttct 60gagttgcctg tgccgcgaaa gacaggtaca tttctgatta ggcctgtgaa gcctcctgga 120ggaccatctc attaagacga tggtattgga gggagagtca cagaaagaac tgtggcccct 180ccctcactgc aaaacggaag tgattttatt ttaatgggag ttggaatatg tgagggctgc 240aggaaccagt ctccctcctt cttggttgga aaagctgggg ctggcctcag agacaggttt 300tttggccccg ctgggctggg cagtctagtc gaccctttgt agactgtgca cacccctaga 360agagcaacta cccctataca ccaggctggc tcaagtgaaa ggggctctgg gctccagtct 420ggaaaatctg gtgtcctggg gacctctggt cttgcttctc tcctcccctg cactggctct 480gggtgcttat ctctgcagaa gcttctcgct agcaaaccca cattcagcgc cctgtagctg 540aacacagcac aaaaagccct agagatcaaa agcattagta tgggcagttg agcgggaggt 600gaatatttaa cgcttttgtt catcaataac tcgttggctt tgacctgtct gaacaagtcg 660agcaataagg tgaaatgcag gtcacagcgt ctaacaaata tgaaaatgtg tatattcacc 720ccggtctcca gccggcgcgc caggctccc 7492883DNAArtificial sequencesequence of STAR2 2gggtgcttcc tgaattcttc cctgagaagg atggtggccg gtaaggtccg tgtaggtggg 60gtgcggctcc ccaggccccg gcccgtggtg gtggccgctg cccagcggcc cggcaccccc 120atagtccatg gcgcccgagg cagcgtgggg gaggtgagtt agaccaaaga gggctggccc 180ggagttgctc atgggctcca catagctgcc ccccacgaag acggggcttc cctgtatgtg 240tggggtccca tagctgccgt tgccctgcag gccatgagcg tgcgggtcat agtcgggggt 300gccccctgcg cccgcccctg ccgccgtgta gcgcttctgt gggggtggcg ggggtgcgca 360gctgggcagg gacgcagggt aggaggcggg gggcagcccg taggtaccct gggggggctt 420ggagaagggc gggggcgact ggggctcata cgggacgctg ttgaccagcg aatgcataga 480gttcagatag ccaccggctc cggggggcac ggggctgcga cttggagact ggccccccga 540tgacgttagc atgcccttgc ccttctgatc ctttttgtac ttcatgcggc gattctggaa 600ccagatcttg atctggcgct cagtgaggtt cagcagattg gccatctcca cccggcgcgg 660ccggcacagg tagcggttga agtggaactc tttctccagc tccaccagct gcgcgctcgt 720gtaggccgtg cgcgcgcgct tggacgaagc ctgccccggc gggctcttgt cgccagcgca 780gctttcgcct gcgaggacag agagaggaag agcggcgtca ggggctgccg cggccccgcc 840cagcccctga cccagcccgg cccctccttc caccaggccc caa 88332126DNAArtificial sequencesequence of STAR3 3atctcgagta ctgaaatagg agtaaatctg aagagcaaat aagatgagcc agaaaaccat 60gaaaagaaca gggactacca gttgattcca caaggacatt cccaaggtga gaaggccata 120tacctccact acctgaacca attctctgta tgcagattta gcaaggttat aaggtagcaa 180aagattagac ccaagaaaat agagaacttc caatccagta aaaatcatag caaatttatt 240gatgataaca attgtctcca aaggaacaag gcagagtcgt gctagcagag gaagcacgtg 300agctgaaaac agccaaatct gctttgtttt catgacacag gagcataaag tacacaccac 360caactgacct attaaggctg tggtaaaccg attcatagag agaggttcta aatacattgg 420tccctcacag gcaaactgca gttcgctccg aacgtagtcc ctggaaattt gatgtccagt 480atagaaaagc agagcagtca aaaaatatag ataaagctga accagatgtt gcctgggcaa 540tgttagcagc accacactta agatataacc tcaggctgtg gactccctcc ctggggagcg 600gtgctgccgg cggcgggcgg gctccgcaac tccccggctc tctcgcccgc cctcccgttc 660tcctcgggcg gcggcggggg ccgggactgc gccgctcaca gcggcggctc ttctgcgccc 720ggcctcggag gcagtggcgg tggcggccat ggcctcctgc gttcgccgat gtcagcattt 780cgaactgagg gtcatctcct tgggactggt tagacagtgg gtgcagccca cggagggcga 840gttgaagcag ggtggggtgt cacctccccc aggaagtcca gtgggtcagg gaactccctc 900ccctagccaa gggaggccgt gagggactgt gcccggtgag agactgtgcc ctgaggaaag 960gtgcactctg gcccagatac tacacttttc ccacggtctt caaaacccgc agaccaggag 1020attccctcgg gttcctacac caccaggacc ctgggtttca accacaaaac cgggccattt 1080gggcagacac ccagctagct gcaagagttg tttttttttt tatactcctg tggcacctgg 1140aacgccagcg agagagcacc tttcactccc ctggaaaggg ggctgaaggc agggaccttt 1200agctgcgggc tagggggttt ggggttgagt gggggagggg agagggaaaa ggcctcgtca 1260ttggcgtcgt ctgcagccaa taaggctacg ctcctctgct gcgagtagac ccaatccttt 1320cctagaggtg gagggggcgg gtaggtggaa gtagaggtgg cgcggtatct aggagagaga 1380aaaagggctg gaccaatagg tgcccggaag aggcggaccc agcggtctgt tgattggtat 1440tggcagtgga ccctcccccg gggtggtgcc ggaggggggg atgatgggtc gaggggtgtg 1500tttatgtgga agcgagatga ccggcaggaa cctgccccaa tgggctgcag agtggttagt 1560gagtgggtga cagacagacc cgtaggccaa cgggtggcct taagtgtctt tggtctcctc 1620caatggagca gcggcggggc gggaccgcga ctcgggttta atgagactcc attgggctgt 1680aatcagtgtc atgtcggatt catgtcaacg acaacaacag ggggacacaa aatggcggcg 1740gcttagtcct acccctggcg gcggcggcag cggtggcgga ggcgacggca ctcctccagg 1800cggcagccgc agtttctcag gcagcggcag cgcccccggc aggcgcggtg gcggtggcgc 1860gcagccaggt ctgtcaccca ccccgcgcgt tcccaggggg aggagactgg gcgggagggg 1920ggaacagacg gggggggatt caggggcttg cgacgcccct cccacaggcc tctgcgcgag 1980ggtcaccgcg gggccgctcg gggtcaggct gcccctgagc gtgacggtag ggggcggggg 2040aaaggggagg agggacaggc cccgcccctc ggcagggcct ctagggcaag ggggcggggc 2100tcgaggagcg gaggggggcg gggcgg 212641625DNAArtificial sequencesequence of STAR4 4gatctgagtc atgttttaag gggaggattc ttttggctgc tgagttgaga ttaggttgag 60ggtagtgaag gtaaaggcag tgagaccacg taggggtcat tgcagtaatc caggctggag 120atgatggtgg ttcagttgga atagcagtgc atgtgctgta acaacctcag ctgggaagca 180gtatatgtgg cgttatgacc tcagctggaa cagcaatgca tgtggtggtg taatgacccc 240agctgggtag ggtgcatgtg gtgtaacgac ctcagctggg tagcagtgtg tgtgatgtaa 300caacctcagc tgggtagcag tgtacttgat aaaatgttgg catactctag atttgttatg 360agggtagtgc cattaaattt ctccacaaat tggttgtcac gtatgagtga aaagaggaag 420tgatggaaga cttcagtgct tttggcctga ataaatagaa gacgtcattt ccagttaatg 480gagacaggga agactaaagg tagggtggga ttcagtagag caggtgttca gttttgaata 540tgatgaactc tgagagagga aaaacttttt ctacctctta gtttttgtga ctggacttaa 600gaattaaagt gacataagac agagtaacaa gacaaaaata tgcgaggtta tttaatattt 660ttacttgcag aggggaatct tcaaaagaaa aatgaagacc caaagaagcc attagggtca 720aaagctcata tgccttttta agtagaaaat gataaatttt aacaatgtga gaagacaaag 780gtgtttgagc tgagggcaat aaattgtggg acagtgatta agaaatatat gggggaaatg 840aaatgataag ttattttagt agatttattc ttcatatcta ttttggcttc aacttccagt 900ctctagtgat aagaatgttc ttctcttcct ggtacagaga gagcaccttt ctcatgggaa 960attttatgac cttgctgtaa gtagaaaggg gaagatcgat ctcctgtttc ccagcatcag 1020gatgcaaaca tttccctcca ttccagttct caaccccatg gctgggcctc atggcattcc 1080agcatcgcta tgagtgcacc tttcctgcag gctgcctcgg gtagctggtg cactgctagg 1140tcagtctatg tgaccaggag ctgggcctct gggcaatgcc agttggcagc ccccatccct 1200ccactgctgg gggcctccta tccagaaggg cttggtgtgc agaacgatgg tgcaccatca 1260tcattcccca cttgccatct ttcaggggac agccagctgc tttgggcgcg gcaaaaaaca 1320cccaactcac tcctcttcag gggcctctgg tctgatgcca ccacaggaca tccttgagtg 1380ctgggcagtc tgaggacagg gaaggagtga tgaccacaaa acaggaatgg cagcagcagt 1440gacaggagga agtcaaaggc ttgtgtgtcc tggccctgct gagggctggc gagggccctg 1500ggatggcgct cagtgcctgg tcggctgcaa gaggccagcc ctctgcccat gaggggagct 1560ggcagtgacc aagctgcact gccctggtgg tgcatttcct gccccactct ttccttctaa 1620gatcc 162551571DNAArtificial sequencesequence of STAR5 5agcagagatc ttatttcccg tattcccttg tggcacagca cctcccacgc caaagcaaac 60caaagcaaag gagcccttga tgaggagggg ccttccccca acctggtctc ccacaggtcc 120tacatacgta cccaccccag acacacagag ctgcttcctg ctctcacacc agactgagct 180gtgcccagac atttccccta gcactaacca actctttcaa aaatacattt ttctctaaaa 240agaacaagtt taaacaaagt tgactcattt taagaactgt ttagaagata accttgtgtt 300tattaattat gtatttgcag aaattggagg cagaaggtta ccaacattgc ctggtgtcca 360gccaggaggt agagcgtggt ggcatccaga accttcctcc aactcctgcc tggcgtggtt 420tttattcatc tttgtattcc caagaaactt ctcagtgtct caggagtgtt aggcactcag 480tacgtgtttg gtagttacat gaatgaatgc ataatgacta agtgagttaa tggatgaagc 540taattgtctc tcccttttgc ttttccagag ctttccaagg tgaaagtgtt ggacactctt 600tcttcatctc agatttaatc aactaagaat gctgcaaatt gaacaccagt ccacaaaact 660caggaataca tgaaaagcat tgtgccttat ttttaactaa ctcaaattct atgtcagtct 720cccttttatg ctggatgttg gcgctaaatc tcagtgggtt cctcattctg ccagacctgt 780gtccagtttg ggggcttcac atagagccac cccatcacag gagagggaag ggtcttgctc 840ttggttgcca tcactccacc ctcttgtctt ccgagctttg atgttcactt tccttttcac 900cactcggaag cttcctgcca tgatacattg agacctcaat gttaatgcca attggggttt 960ggggttctca taaactcaga agtccaggaa aatcgcctgc tgcctcccac aacactctga 1020gggcattctg gaatcctacc acttacctgg agcctgctgg cctcaactgt tttgaagtct 1080gtgtctgggc catgcaggta aatgggagga tgttctgtgg ccataaaaat acccgaagtc 1140ccacctaaag ttgatgcagg gtcttctgca tttcattgca aaattgttct atcatttcta 1200tagttttcag cctacagtca ggggccagga ctttgcaccc ttggtaaacc tcaatctctt 1260ctccttcctg gcttctactc ctttctccct caatcccaaa tcaaggccct tgattgtctg 1320gaggtaggaa agcctggttc tggctcatga tatagtctac atcatagcct ttgtcatctc 1380atggattcac tcaacaaccg tgtgtggatg gggccaccca atatgtgcca ggagttgagg 1440acacgcaggg ttatgatgat gaaatagata aggggcccac actcacggac cctgcaggac 1500agtggagctg tggacccagc atgcgagtaa agacccagtg agctcaccag acagatcatt 1560taaatcaggt g 157161173DNAArtificial sequencesequence of STAR6 6tgacccacca cagacatccc ctctggcctc ctgagtggtt tcttcagcac agcttccaga 60gccaaattaa acgttcactc tatgtctata gacaaaaagg gttttgacta aactctgtgt 120tttagagagg gagttaaatg ctgttaactt tttaggggtg ggcgagaggg atgacaaata 180acaacttgtc tgaatgtttt acatttctcc ccactgcctc aagaaggttc acaacgaggt 240catccatgat aaggagtaag acctcccagc cggactgtcc ctcggccccc agaggacact 300ccacagagat atgctaactg gacttggaga ctggctcaca ctccagagaa aagcatggag 360cacgagcgca cagagcaggg ccaaggtccc agggacagaa tgtctaggag ggagattggg 420gtgagggtaa tctgatgcaa ttactgtggc agctcaacat tcaagggagg gggaagaaag 480aaacagtccc tgtcaagtaa gttgtgcagc agagatggta agctccaaaa tttgaaactt 540tggctgctgg aaagttttag ggggcagaga taagaagaca taagagactt tgagggttta 600ctacacacta gacgctctat gcatttattt atttattatc tcttatttat tactttgtat 660aactcttata ataatcttat gaaaacggaa accctcatat acccatttta cagatgagaa 720aagtgacaat tttgagagca tagctaagaa tagctagtaa gtaaaggagc tgggacctaa 780accaaaccct atctcaccag agtacacact cttttttttt ttccagtgta atttttttta 840atttttattt tactttaagt tctgggatac atgtgcagaa ggtatggttt gttacatagg 900tatatgtgtg ccatagtgga ttgctgcacc tatcaacccg tcatctaggt ttaagcccca 960catgcattag ctatttgtcc tgatgctctc cctcccctcc ccacaccaga caggccttgg 1020tgtgtgatgt tcccctccct gtgtccatgt gttctcactg ttcagctccc acttatgagt 1080gagaacgtgt ggtatttggt tttctgttcc tgtgttagtt tgctgaggat gatggcttcc 1140agcttcatcc atgtccctgc aaaggacacg atc 117372101DNAArtificial sequencesequence of STAR7 7atcatgccag cttaggcgac agagtgagac tggacataat aacaataata ataaaaataa 60ataaataaaa caattatctg agaggaaaaa tttgattcat aataaagaga ataaaggttt 120ttggcgtgtt tgttttgttt tcacctaaga acagctgttc ccctcattgg gttagtttta 180tttgcaagca gaaatcatct ccgcatgatt tccagggtga tggaaaactg aatatgaatc 240caccttctgc catctattca cttgtcacat ttaataagac actcatgcct attttagcat 300gttttcttcc ctaccaaatg agttagtaac atcaagagat taaaataaca caaataagaa 360cattgaaggt attcaaatgt tacatacaaa tattaaacac aatattatta taattattcc 420tggaaatgac attgcctcta ctctcaaggt aaaggtcatt tttcttgatt taaacttttt 480tctcaagttt gaaatctcta agtttcaacc cgtaatctat ttgcaagttt gtgcaaattt 540tagggattga atccatagta attagtgatt tattgtggtg tagggagaca agtcaaaaga 600atcaggactg ctaggtagat gactaaggaa aggatggttc acgaggtgac ataaagcact 660cagaagaaaa aggtcaggaa acggaggaca gaaaaaaacc taagttctgc tgggtgatgc 720tgaatttgtc atcacaaaat ctgcattgtg gaagctttag ctattgagga gattgctcaa 780gtgtagaact gagaacaata ggcagtgaac ccgagagaac atcaagagac tgagagaaaa 840tgaaccagac ttccaggtgc tccatgttcc aaccaacatt ttgtattgtc agaaggaatt 900gagaggcaaa aggaaaccca ataaaaaata aaacaggaaa gggcatacat gattaccacc 960ccttttctca ccagctgctc atggaccagc tttctcctag tgctattttc ttggtcactg 1020catcactctg ctaacatagt ttccccacta gctctgaggc tgtcccagag gggaagccag 1080ctgtcatctc cttcttccac actctgttgg aggaacctgt cattagcagc tccctactaa 1140acgcatttat gacaaacagg caggagataa ttaactagaa agtgaacaaa ctcaaacttc 1200agagcctctc atttgtatga atgcccttgt aaggtcttgg gcctatttta atatttataa 1260atgtgttatt ttcttctaaa gaaaaccacc aaattgtata agctacagaa tctgcaaaac 1320tgaggtccat ccatgcactc aggatacatt catagcatct ctgagctgga aaatatctta 1380aaggtcatat atgtcctcca acactgcaag aatctctctg gcagcattct tttaaaatca 1440tcatctaaaa gagggaaatc cccagctgtg tttggatttt gctctgtcac ttgtccagtt 1500tccccatcca taaaagggca acaatatgaa tttcctgata aggtagttgt taatataaat 1560acaaagtgcg tagccacttc cctaagaaaa atatggggtt tctgcttcac agtctaggga 1620gaggaaaaaa aaggggggtc agaagtgatt attattatca ttctatattg gaatgttttc 1680agacataaaa agctcaccac gtcttaggcc agacagatgc attatgaaag ttaagctaag 1740tcttcctcat catgagctgc acctatatcc ccattacttc ttctagaact gcataattta 1800tttattcttt cttcaaaagt ttgagagagc cattcttgtc ctctaagatt tttttttttt 1860tttttggaga cagagtctcc gtctgttgcc caggctggag tgcaatggca ctatctcagc 1920tcactgcaac ctctgcctcc cagattcaag tgattctcct gcctcagcct cccgagtagc 1980tgggattaca agcacgcacc accacaacca gctaattttt cgtatttttt agtagagacg 2040aggttttacc atgttggcca ggctggtctt gaactcctga cctcgggtga tccacccacc 2100t 210181821DNAArtificial sequencesequence of STAR8 8gagatcacct cgaagagagt ctaacgtccg taggaacgct ctcgggttca caaggattga 60ccgaacccca ggatacgtcg ctctccatct gaggcttgct ccaaatggcc ctccactatt 120ccaggcacgt gggtgtctcc cctaactctc cctgctctcc tgagcccatg ctgcctatca 180cccatcggtg caggtccttt ctgaagagct cgggtggatt ctctccatcc cacttccttt 240cccaagaaag aagccaccgt tccaagacac ccaatgggac attccccttc cacctccttc 300tccaaagttg cccaggtgtt catcacaggt tagggagaga agcccccagg tttcagttac 360aaggcatagg acgctggcat gaacacacac acacacacac acacacacac acacacacac 420acacgactcg aagaggtagc cacaagggtc attaaacact tgacgactgt tttccaaaaa 480cgtggatgca gttcatccac gccaaagcca agggtgcaaa gcaaacacgg aatggtggag 540agattccaga ggctcaccaa accctctcag gaatattttc ctgaccctgg gggcagaggt 600tggaaacatt gaggacattt cttgggacac acggagaagc tgaccgacca ggcattttcc 660tttccactgc aaatgaccta tggcgggggc atttcacttt cccctgcaaa tcacctatgg 720cgaggtacct ccccaagccc ccacccccac ttccgcgaat cggcatggct cggcctctat 780ccgggtgtca ctccaggtag gcttctcaac gctctcggct caaagaagga caatcacagg 840tccaagccca aagcccacac ctcttccttt tgttataccc acagaagtta gagaaaacgc 900cacactttga gacaaattaa gagtccttta tttaagccgg cggccaaaga gatggctaac 960gctcaaaatt ctctgggccc cgaggaaggg gcttgactaa cttctatacc ttggtttagg 1020aaggggaggg gaactcaaat gcggtaattc tacagaagta aaaacatgca ggaatcaaaa 1080gaagcaaatg gttatagaga gataaacagt tttaaaaggc aaatggttac aaaaggcaac 1140ggtaccaggt gcggggctct aaatccttca tgacacttag atataggtgc tatgctggac 1200acgaactcaa ggctttatgt tgttatctct tcgagaaaaa tcctgggaac ttcatgcact 1260gtttgtgcca gtatcttatc agttgattgg gctcccttga aatgctgagt atctgcttac 1320acaggtcaac tccttgcgga agggggttgg gtaaggagcc cttcgtgtct cgtaaattaa 1380ggggtcgatt ggagtttgtc cagcattccc agctacagag agccttattt acatgagaag 1440caaggctagg tgattaaaga gaccaacagg gaagattcaa agtagcgact tagagtaaaa 1500acaaggttag gcatttcact ttcccagaga acgcgcaaac attcaatggg agagaggtcc 1560cgagtcgtca aagtcccaga tgtggcgagc ccccgggagg aaaaaccgtg tcttccttag 1620gatgcccgga acaagagcta ggcttccgga gctaggcagc catctatgtc cgtgagccgg 1680cgggagggag accgccggga ggcgaagtgg ggcggggcca tccttctttc tgctctgctg 1740ctgccgggga gctcctggct ggcgtccaag cggcaggagg ccgccgtcct gcagggcgcc 1800gtagagtttg cggtgcagag t 182191929DNAArtificial sequencesequence of STAR9 9atgagccccc aaaaatgatc ctctggctta tgacaacctg atgcagccca ggaaatgcct 60gcaacatgcc cactagcagc tgggaacccc tctgtgagga agagaacgtt ttacattaag 120aaaccctttg ttttgcagca gagactattc aggtcacaca tgtgtggcct ctcagttctt 180tgagccattt gaagttctct atccttgctg ggaggctgag ctctccatgg aaacctggtc 240cgatagtgag aggagcagac cctctggaaa caccttttta cacctgacca aagcagccag 300tcatgggcca gtgatgcaac aaggtcaacc ggtgcattct ggcccctcag aaaagcagcc 360cccgggaagg tcaggaggag gctgctgact ccctcttccc ctgcagccgc cccaagcaca 420cccaggagcc ctgcaggttt gggttcacca ggtgccagca ggtcccacga tgctgcattt 480cttacgagct cctggaggat gcagatggtc ctggtcagag gctgcattct gagtatcagg 540agccatgggg caacgtttct gcgattgagg aaggggcatt tctggggtgg gcagaacaaa 600ggtctttggc tgagctggag catccgcctc catcagtgtt ttccggcaac tgtactatcc 660atcgtcttcc cttcccacag ctgaccatgg ctttggaaaa tgctctgaaa ctttcttttc 720agaagagttg actcccaact ccacacttag gggaagtcaa gcctacttct cagaattcag 780agaaggcata aaaaagaatt catttctaaa ggccctttag aagtaacttc aggtctgaca 840gcggccagct aatttctggt cgccttccag gaatcttctg actgcaaaaa aaaagcattt 900accacctgaa cacaaaccca gttacagata gaaaaacata gtcatttaaa tagaatataa 960gcatctggcc tctgcccatc ataatggagt aacacaaaaa tctattttca aaaggaaact 1020aaatattatt gaccaaaaca tgaatgggga gacctcaggg tgatacagct cttgcctgga 1080tggaatttgt aatcaagagg atgagacagg attgtaactt gtgccaatgt gaaagggttt 1140gctcaggtat cattcatttt gcttaaatgc atgggtaatt tccaaagttc tttggagctg 1200aatttcacaa tttagtgcag gtcctggtga gcccaccttg acttatctca cagtacaatg 1260cagtggcgtg gctacaatgc tgggcaagag aagccaatgt caacagccca ggagtggctg 1320ggtccttacc aggctcccag gcatgcttca tggtgggccc tgggctggga ggaacagcac 1380ctttgcctgg tccatgagta tctgggtcaa actctcctgt ggacacagaa ggccatggcg 1440acaggcattc ccaggaaaag aaaagggcag cagctgaaat cgtcaggtgg agaaggcagt 1500catccttgct cagtcaactc taatccggct gcctcctcct cagcttcagg gtgaacctct 1560cctaagctgt gtctttggta tctgatgggc attaggtgct ggtgaaaaag ctggagggtc 1620ctttgggata ttacagaagc ccaatctagc cttgtattca atatctaggc actctcaccc 1680ctgaagttct acgtttccag atttctgaaa acatgggaaa gcatgtgtgt gatgtctgag 1740gtccccctca gcctctggtg tagggttagg agggctctaa agggtggcag ctccagtgtc 1800ccagtggggc ctgaagttgg tcccttccct tcccagctcc catccatggt ttagcccaat 1860cccttccgta cctaagagta ctgcacatgg atgctccacg cagagcctct gctccactcc 1920caggaagtg 1929101167DNAArtificial sequencesequence of STAR10 10aggtcaggag ttcaagacca gcctggccaa catggtgaaa ccctgtccct acaaaaaata 60caaaaattag ccgggcgtgg tggggggcgc ctataatccc agctactcag gatgctgaga 120caggagaatt gtttgaaccc gggaggtgga ggttgcagtg aactgagatc gcgccactgc 180actccagcct ggtgacagag agagactccg tctcaacaac agacaaacaa acaaacaaac 240aacaacaaaa atgtttactg acagctttat tgagataaaa ttcacatgcc ataaaggtca 300ccttctacag
tatacaattc agtggattta gtatgttcac aaagttgtac gttgttcacc 360atctactcca gaacatttac atcaccccta aaagaagctc tttagcagtc acttctcatt 420ctccccagcc cctgccaacc acgaatctac tntctgtctc tattctgaat atttcatata 480aaggagtcct atcatatggg ccttttacgt ctaccttctt tcacttagca tcatgttttt 540aagattcatc cacagtgtag cacgtgtcag ttaattcatt tcatcttatg gctggataat 600gctctattgt atgcatatcc ctcactttgc ttatccattc atcaactgat tgacatttgg 660gttatttcta ctttttgact attatgagta atgctgctat gaacattcct gtaccaatcg 720ttacgtggac atatgctttc aattctcctg agtatgtaac tagggttgga gttgctgggt 780catatgttaa ctcagtgttt catttttttg aagaactacc aaatggtttt ccaaagtgga 840tgcaacactt tacattccca ccagcaagat atgaaggttc caatgtctct acatttttgc 900caacacttgt gattttcttt tatttattta tttatttatt tatttttgag atggagtctc 960actctgtcac ccaggctgga gtgcagtggc acaatttcag ctcactgcaa tctccacctc 1020tcgggctcaa gcgatactcc tgcctcaacc tcccgagtaa ctgggattac aggcgcccac 1080caccacacca agctaatttt ttgtattttt agtagagacg gggtttcatc atgtcggcca 1140ggntgtactc gaactctgac ctcaagt 1167111377DNAArtificial sequencesequence of STAR11 11gattctgggt gggtttgatg atctgagagt cccttgaata aaaagaattc tagaaaagct 60gtgaaacttc acctttcccc tattcttaac cttacttgcc tttgggaggc tgaggcagga 120ggatgactta aggccaggag tttgagaatg tagtgagcta tgaccacacc ggttacactc 180aagcctgggc gagaccacaa caaaaacctt acctgccaac tgctccatgc tggaaattta 240tttcgtttct tggattgtgg aaagaactgg cttactgaaa accacacttc tctaaaaccc 300ttcttccagt taggtgttaa gattttaaca gcctttccta tctgaataaa aactgcacac 360aaagtaaact taagagatgt caacaactca tctgtttgtt acaagatgag tctccatgct 420tcatcgcctg tggggaatcc tcatcagcgt ctagtggcaa agactcctgt gtgctcaccg 480aaacgctccc cttcctccag ggcacacagt cacatggatt tcccatgcac cctggcagct 540cagcaggagt ccatgactta agaaggccaa tggactgtgg gtgaagtctg tggacgggga 600agccacatgc gtcacttcca ggcctgggcg tgtgcatcct ccactctctt cccctgtggg 660tgcagaaggc ggggcagagg gccctgaaac cttggaggtc ggtggagccc aaaatgaagg 720agcgtgggcc tctgggtctt catgtaaatt taggtaacac tgaactgtca ggtgaacaag 780aaataaacgt caaatgtatt cagtcgatta gatttggtga tggttgttac agcggttacc 840ctccctcaac ataataaatt ttcaaacaac tcataatggc tcactcatgt ataaaatatt 900ccatatgaaa tcccgggata acatgcttat tctagctcaa gcttaatcag agtagtccat 960ctgagggagg agatagtaga gggcagcaag gggttgtcac tgaagataac tagccttgct 1020aaaagaatgg ttgaagaagt gagctacaga tagggtaaat ccacatctca gacattctgt 1080gatggtcctg atattatcct aaagtaaaat gtagagttga accattttaa ttagattcta 1140gaattctatt aatttataag atgggcattt ccacaaagga ctaaacaaag tacaagagga 1200ttaaataatc atccacatgg gaggcaccgc cttgcacttt aaaatgatgg agcttatcaa 1260gactggctgt ggatatctgt ccctgggagg gttttttccc ccattttttt cctttttgag 1320acatgttctc gctatgttgc ccaggctggt cttgaactcc tgggctcaag tgatcct 1377121051DNAArtificial sequencesequence of STAR12 12atcctgcttc tgggaagaga gtggcctccc ttgtgcaggt gactttggca ggaccagcag 60aaacccaggt ttcctgtcag gaggaagtgc tcagcttatc tctgtgaagg gtcgtgataa 120ggcacgagga ggcaggggct tgccaggatg ttgcctttct gtgccatatg ggacatctca 180gcttacgttg ttaagaaata tttggcaaga agatgcacac agaatttctg taacgaatag 240gatggagttt taagggttac tacgaaaaaa agaaaactac tggagaagag ggaagccaaa 300caccaccaag tttgaaatcg attttattgg acgaatgtct cactttaaat ttaaatggag 360tccaacttcc ttttctcacc cagacgtcga gaaggtggca ttcaaaatgt ttacacttgt 420ttcatctgcc tttttgctaa gtcctggtcc cctacctcct ttccctcact tcacatttgt 480cgtttcatcg cacacatatg ctcatcttta tatttacata tatataattt ttatatatgg 540cttgtgaaat atgccagacg agggatgaaa tagtcctgaa aacagctgga aaattatgca 600acagtgggga gattgggcac atgtacattc tgtactgcaa agttgcacaa cagaccaagt 660ttgttataag tgaggctggg tggtttttat tttttctcta ggacaacagc ttgcctggtg 720gagtaggcct cctgcagaag gcattttctt aggagcctca acttccccaa gaagaggaga 780gggcgagact ggagttgtgc tggcagcaca gagacaaggg ggcacggcag gactgcagcc 840tgcagagggg ctggagaagc ggaggctggc acccagtggc cagcgaggcc caggtccaag 900tccagcgagg tcgaggtcta gagtacagca aggccaaggt ccaaggtcag tgagtctaag 960gtccatggtc agtgaggctg agacccaggg tccaatgagg ccaaggtcca gagtccagta 1020aggccgagat ccagggtcca gggaggtcaa g 1051131291DNAArtificial sequencesequence of STAR13 13ctgccctgat cccttaatgc ttttggccca gagcaccccg ctaagtccaa ccccagaggg 60gcctcatccg caaagcctcg ggaagaggac agtgacggag gcggctgccc tgtgagctgc 120acggggcaga atgtcctttt ggcgtcatgt tggatgtcca cacatccata tggggtcagt 180tctattagga ttccttcggg aagaggtaga gggtaggagg ggttaagcca cgagacgagg 240catgcagagg ggtggcctgg atgggtctgc actgctgtcc atgcacacgg ggagcgttgc 300aaattgtgct tcccagccca tagtgccccc acagaggagc ccgggagtcc ctggtgggcg 360tctgtgttcc tgcaaggagc cagtggagat ggccccgtga actctcatcc cccttgcctt 420ggtggggtct ctggcaggtt tatggagccg tacatctttg ggagccgcct ggaccacgac 480atcatcgacc tggaacagac agccacgcac ctccagctgg ccttgaactt caccgcccac 540atggcctacc gcaagggcat catcttgttt ataagccgca accggcagtt ctcgtacctg 600attgagaaca tggcccgtga ctgtggcgag tacgcccaca ctcgctactt caggggcggc 660atgctgacca acgcgcgcct cctctttggc cccacggtcc gcctgccgga cctcatcatc 720ttcctgcaca cgctcaacaa catctttgag ccacacgtgg ccgtgagaga cgcagccaag 780atgaacatcc ccacagtggg catcgtggac accaactgca acccctgcct catcacctac 840cctgtacccg gcaatgacga ctctccgctg gctgtgcacc tctactgcag gctcttccag 900acggccatca cccgggccaa ggagaagcgg cagcaggttg aggctctcta tcgcctgcag 960ggccagaagg agcccgggga ccaggggcca gcccaccctc ctggggctga catgagccat 1020tccctgtgat gttcactctc ctcccaaagc aaaccacagc caagcctgtc tgagctggga 1080gtccccttcc ccagccctgg gtcagcggca tcctcagtcg ttgttactta ctcagctgat 1140gtcacagtgc agacatccac cgttccacca cagaaccagt ggctgagcgg accaacgttg 1200ccatgtgcgt ttgctctgtg gggaacagag cacagagggt gagcgacatg tgcagaacgg 1260ccccttggct gcagttagga cctcagtggc t 129114711DNAArtificial sequencesequence of STAR14 14agcaaggacc agggctctgc ctccccagtc agcatgagca gagcagactc ctttgagcag 60agcatcaggg cagaaataga acagtttctg aatgagaaaa gacagcatga gacccaaaaa 120tgtgatgggt cagtggagaa gaaaccagac acacatgaaa attcggcgaa gtcactctcg 180aaatcccacc aagagccggc tacaaaggtg gtgcaccggc agggcctgat gggcgtccag 240aaggagttcg ccttctgcag acctcccccg gttagcaaag acaaacgtgc agcccagaag 300cctcaggtcc aaggtcacga ccacgaccac gcaggagaag gagggcagca caaagccagc 360aacccccacc gcccttcaga agcagtacag aataaaagtg ggattaaaag gaacgccagc 420accgcaagga ggggaaagcg agtcacgagc gccgtacagg cgcccgaggc gtccgactcc 480agcagcgacg acggcattga ggaggccatc cagctgtacc aggtgcagaa aacacacaag 540gaggccgacg gggacccgcc ccagagggtc cagctccaag aggaaagagc acctgcccct 600cccgcacaca gcacaagcag cgccacaaaa agtgccttgc cagagaccca caggaaaaca 660cccagcaaga agaagccagt gcccaccaag accacggacc ctggtccagg g 711151876DNAArtificial sequencesequence of STAR15 15cagtacatgc agaactgagt ccaaacgaga cggacagcaa acccggcagt gggctcccag 60acattcctgg gggaaaggga tcctaaccac aggcagttaa agtcatctcc tccaaccctc 120tatgacacag gctgtgcgct gtcatttaaa agctgagtga aatttaaccc ttttcccatt 180tagaaaaaca aagcgcagct ggctgccagc actcatttaa ttttacataa acgtgctctt 240tgaggctgaa gcaaatctga ctgattttca atgtgaaaat aaaatgtaaa aactgttctt 300ggaattattt ctaaacagaa catcagaatc gtctgaatca tcagaatcgg ctattttgga 360aaaatcggat tcatcaaacg aatcttcggc caacaactgt tagagaacga tgttaacacc 420acgcatagga atgttacatt ttctagaatt tgacattttc attgacggaa aattactgta 480tcttgtatat ggaaatacca ctactaaaaa cataatgcta taaatagaat gatgtctttt 540gtttccaaag tcaatatact cgagcaatgc aaaaataata ataaaagtga gatacttcat 600ggcaaagctg ccgcaggata aacattgcag ccacaagtgc ccccagtatt ctcggggcaa 660actggaaaag ggctaacagg caacattttc atgttattct actgagtgca gtaattattt 720ttaaaaatat acatgaataa tgaaaaaact gtggtatggt tttaaagaaa tttccataac 780ctggtgaaac tcttcacaca gggtaatagg ttcataaagc cttggtcctc tgcaaaacaa 840gcatcaactt gacaatgact aaaagaagca acagcaaaac tgtcacgcat ttggagccat 900ggcctgggtt gggccggtgt aaagctctcc gccctctgga gcaagtctgg gccccagcgg 960ctggcatgtg ggcactgcag ggcctgggtt gggcaggtgt gcagctctcc gtcatctgag 1020cctagtctga ggcctggtgg ctggcacgtg ggccctgcag ggcctctact tctcacccca 1080gctccacttc cctccctgcc ctcactgggt ctcacagagc caatgaacac tggggtcaga 1140ttcagggccc agcatccact gcagtgggca ctgcccttcc acaaggcctg gctccaggaa 1200gcaaccccca cctcagccac acagtagggc aacaggaaat cccattcccc catgccagtg 1260actacaccag ggaaggggct cacgtgaggc tggccccagg cctgctgtga gaccgcgttg 1320tctatgagct tggatttaag gaacttggga gcaagaagct ttctttcatt acgggccacc 1380agcagggaaa aaagttagcc caacgcagtt gacagtcaca cccccaccag gaccccaggg 1440cacagaagga gggaagagga caacagagga tgaggtgggg ccagcagagg gacagagaag 1500agctgcctgc cctggaacag gcagaaagca tcccacgtgc aagaaaaagt aggccagcta 1560gacttaaaat cagaactacc gctcatcaaa agatagtgta acatttgggg tgctataatt 1620ttaacatgtc ccccaaaagg catgtgttgg aaatttaatc cccaacaaac cagggctggg 1680aggtggagcc tcatgagagg tggtgaggcc atgagggtgg agtgaatgga tgaatgccat 1740tgtctcggga atgggcctct tctacaagga cgagttcagc ccccctttct cttgctcacc 1800ctctctttgc cctttcgcta gggagtgacg taacaagaag gccctcacaa gatgctggca 1860ccttgatctt ggactc 1876161282DNAArtificial sequencesequence of STAR16 16cgcccacctc ggctttccaa agtgctggga ttacaggcat gagtcactgc gcccatcctg 60attccaagtc tttagataat aacttaactt tttcgaccaa ttgccaatca ggcaatcttt 120gaatctgcct atgacctagg acatccctct ccctacaagt tgccccgcgt ttccagacca 180aaccaatgta catcttacat gtattgattg aagttttaca tctccctaaa acatataaaa 240ccaagctata gtctgaccac ctcaggcacg tgttctcagg acctccctgg ggctatggca 300tgggtcctgg tcctcagatt tggctcagaa taaatctctt caaatatttt ccagaatttt 360actcttttca tcaccattac ctatcaccca taagtcagag ttttccacaa ccccttcctc 420agattcagta atttgctaga atggccacca aactcaggaa agtattttac ttacaattac 480caatttatta tgaagaactc aaatcaggaa tagccaaatg gaagaggcat agggaaaggt 540atggaggaag gggcacaaag cttccatgcc ctgtgtgcac accaccctct cagcatcttc 600atgtgttcac caactcagaa gctcttcaaa ctttgtcatt taggggtttt tatggcagtt 660ccactatgta ggcatggttg ataaatcact ggtcatcggt gatagaactc tgtctccagc 720tcctctctct ctcctcccca gaagtcctga ggtggggctg aaagtttcac aaggttagtt 780gctctgacaa ccagccccta tcctgaagct attgaggggt cccccaaaag ttaccttagt 840atggttggaa gaggcttatt atgaataaca aaagatgctc ctatttttac cactagggag 900catatccaag tcttgcggga acaaagcatg ttactggtag caaattcata caggtagata 960gcaatctcaa ttcttgcctt ctcagaagaa agaatttgac caagggggca taaggcagag 1020tgagggacca agataagttt tagagcagga gtgaaagttt attaaaaagt tttaggcagg 1080aatgaaagaa agtaaagtac atttggaaga gggccaagtg ggcgacatga gagagtcaaa 1140caccatgccc tgtttgatgt ttggcttggg gtcttatatg atgacatgct tctgagggtt 1200gcatccttct cccctgattc ttcccttggg gtgggctgtc cgcatgcaca atggcctgcc 1260agcagtaggg aggggccgca tg 128217793DNAArtificial sequencesequence of STAR17 17atccgagggg aggaggagaa gaggaaggcg agcagggcgc cggagcccga ggtgtctgcg 60agaactgttt taaatggttg gcttgaaaat gtcactagtg ctaagtggct tttcggattg 120tcttatttat tactttgtca ggtttcctta aggagagggt gtgttggggg tgggggagga 180ggtggactgg ggaaacctct gcgtttctcc tcctcggctg cacagggtga gtaggaaacg 240cctcgctgcc acttaacaat ccctctatta gtaaatctac gcggagactc tatgggaagc 300cgagaaccag tgtcttcttc cagggcagaa gtcacctgtt gggaacggcc cccgggtccc 360cctgctgggc tttccggctc ttctaggcgg cctgatttct cctcagccct ccacccagcg 420tccctcaggg acttttcaca cctccccacc cccatttcca ctacagtctc ccagggcaca 480gcacttcatt gacagccaca cgagccttct cgttctcttc tcctctgttc cttctctttc 540tcttctcctc tgttccttct ctttctctgt cataatttcc ttggtgcttt cgccacctta 600aacaaaaaag agaaaaaaat aaaataaaaa aaacccattc tgagccaaag tattttaaga 660tgaatccaag aaagcgaccc acatagccct ccccacccac ggagtgcgcc aagacgcacc 720caggctccat cacagggccg agagcagcgc cactctggtc gtacttttgg gtcaagagat 780cttgcaaaag agg 79318492DNAArtificial sequencesequence of STAR18 18atctttttgc tctctaaatg tattgatggg ttgtgttttt tttcccacct gctaataaat 60attacattgc aacattcttc cctcaacttc aaaactgctg aactgaaaca atatgcataa 120aagaaaatcc tttgcagaag aaaaaaagct attttctccc actgattttg aatggcactt 180gcggatgcag ttcgcaaatc ctattgccta ttccctcatg aacattgtga aatgaaacct 240ttggacagtc tgccgcattg cgcatgagac tgcctgcgca aggcaagggt atggttccca 300aagcacccag tggtaaatcc taacttatta ttcccttaaa attccaatgt aacaacgtgg 360gccataaaag agtttctgaa caaaacatgt catctttgtg gaaaggtgtt tttcgtaatt 420aatgatggaa tcatgctcat ttcaaaatgg aggtccacga tttgtggcca gctgatgcct 480gcaaattatc ct 492191840DNAArtificial sequencesequence of STAR19 19tcacttcctg atattttaca ttcaaggcta gctttatgca tatgcaacct gtgcagttgc 60acagggcttt gtgttcagaa agactagctc ttggtttaat actctgttgt tgccatcttg 120agattcatta taatataatt tttgaatttg tgttttgaac gtgatgtcca atgggacaat 180ggaacattca cataacagag gagacaggtc aggtggcagc ctcaattcct tgccaccctt 240ttcacataca gcattggcaa tgccccatga gcacaaaatt tgggggaacc atgatgctaa 300gactcaaagc acatataaac atgttacctc tgtgactaaa agaagtggag gtgctgacag 360cccccagagg ccacagttta tgttcaaacc aaaacttgct tagggtgcag aaagaaggca 420atggcagggt ctaagaaaca gcccatcata tccttgttta ttcatgttac gtccctgcat 480gaactaatca cttacactga aaatattgac agaggaggaa atggaaagat agggcaaccc 540atagttcttt ttccttttag tctttcctta tcagtaaacc aaagatagta ttggtaaaat 600gtgtgtgagt taattaatga gttagtttta ggcagtgttt ccactgttgg ggtaagaaca 660aaatatatag gcttgtattg agctattaaa tgtaaattgt ggaatgtcag tgattccaag 720tatgaattaa atatccttgt atttgcattt aaaattggca ctgaacaaca aagattaaca 780gtaaaattaa taatgtaaaa gtttaatttt tacttagaat gacattaaat agcaaataaa 840agcaccatga taaatcaaga gagagactgt ggaaagaagg aaaacgtttt tattttagta 900tatttaatgg gactttcttc ctgatgtttt gttttgtttt gagagagagg gatgtggggg 960cagggaggtc tcattttgtt gcccaggctg gacttgaact cctgggctcc agctatcctg 1020ccttagcttc ttgagtagct gggactacag gcacacacca cagtgtctga cattttctgg 1080attttttttt tttttttatt ttttttgtga gacaggttct ggctctgtta ctcaggttgc 1140agtgcagtgg catgatagcg gctcactgca gcctcaacct cctcagctta agctactctc 1200ccacttcagc ctcctgagta gccaggacta cagttgtgtg ccaccacacc tgtggctaat 1260ttttgtagag atggggtctc tccacgttgc cgaggctggt ctccaactcc tggtctcaag 1320cgaacctcct gacttggcct cccgaagtgc tgggattaca ggcttgagcc actgcatcca 1380gcctgtcctc tgtgttaaac ctactccaat ttgtctttca tctctacata aacggctctt 1440ttcaaagttc ccatagacct cactgttgct aatctaataa taaattatct gccttttctt 1500acatggttca tcagtagcag cattagattg ggctgctcaa ttcttcttgg tatattttct 1560tcatttggct tctggggcat cacactctct ttgagttact cattcctcat tgatagcttc 1620ttcctagtct tctttactgg ttcttcctct tctccctgac tccttaatat tgtttttctc 1680cccaggcttt agttcttagt cctcttctgt tatctattta cacccaattc tttcagagtc 1740tcatccagag tcatgaactt aaacctgttt ctgtgcagat aattcacatt attatatctc 1800cagcccagac tctcccgcaa actgcagact gatcctactg 184020780DNAArtificial sequencesequence of STAR20 20gatctcaagt ttcaatatca tgttttggca aaacattcga tgctcccaca tccttaccta 60aagctaccag aaaggctttg ggaactgtca acagagctac agaaaagtca gtaaagacca 120atggacccct caaacaaaaa cagccaagct tttctgccaa aaagatgact gagaagactg 180ttaaagcaaa aaactctgtt cctgcctcag atgatggcta tccagaaata gaaaaattat 240ttcccttcaa tcctctaggc ttcgagagtt ttgacctgcc tgaagagcac cagattgcac 300atctcccctt gagtgaagtg cctctcatga tacttgatga ggagagagag cttgaaaagc 360tgtttcagct gggcccccct tcacctttga agatgccctc tccaccatgg aaatccaatc 420tgttgcagtc tcctttaagc attctgttga ccctggatgt tgaattgcca cctgtttgct 480ctgacataga tatttaaatt tcttagtgct ttagagtttg tgtatatttc tattaataaa 540gcattatttg tttaacagaa aaaaagatat atacttaaat cctaaaataa aataaccatt 600aaaaggaaaa acaggagtta taactaataa gggaacaaag gacataaaat gggataataa 660tgcttaatcc aaaataaagc agaaaatgaa gaaaaatgaa atgaagaaca gataaataga 720aaacaaatag caatatgaaa gacaaacttg accgggtgtg gtggctgatg cctgtaatcc 78021607DNAArtificial sequencesequence of STAR21 21gatcaataat ttgtaatagt cagtgaatac aaaggggtat atactaaatg ctacagaaat 60tccattcctg ggtataaatc ctagacatat ttatgcatat gtacaccaag atatatctgc 120aagaatgttc acagcaaatc tctttgtagt agcaaaaggc caaaaggtct atcaacaaga 180aaattaatac attgtggcac ataatggcat ccttatgcca ataaaaatgg atgaaattat 240agttaggttc aaaaggcaag cctccagata atttatatca tataattcca tgtacaacat 300tcaacaacaa gcaaaactaa acatatacaa atgtcaggga aaatgatgaa caaggttaga 360aaatgattaa tataaaaata ctgcacagtg ataacattta atgagaaaaa aagaaggaag 420ggcttaggga gggacctaca gggaactcca aagttcatgg taagtactaa atacataatc 480aaagcactca aaatagaaaa tattttagta atgttttagc tagttaatat cttacttaaa 540acaaggtcta ggccaggcac ggtggctcac acctgtaatc ccagcacttt gggaggctga 600ggcgggt 607221380DNAArtificial sequencesequence of STAR22 22cccttgtgat ccacccgcct tggcctccca aagtgctggg attacaggcg tgagtcacta 60cgcccggcca ccctccctgt atattatttc taagtatact attatgttaa aaaaagttta 120aaaatattga tttaatgaat tcccagaaac taggatttta catgtcacgt tttcttatta 180taaaaataaa aatcaacaat aaatatatgg taaaagtaaa aagaaaaaca aaaacaaaaa 240gtgaaaaaaa taaacaacac tcctgtcaaa aaacaacagt tgtgataaaa cttaagtgcc 300tgaaaattta gaaacatcct tctaaagaag ttctgaataa aataaggaat aaaataatca 360catagttttg gtcattggtt ctgtttatgt gatggattat gtttattgat ttgtgtatgt 420tgaacttatc tcaatagatg cagacaaggc cttgataaaa gtttttaaca ccttttcatg 480ttgaaaactc tcaatagact aggtattgat gaaacatatc tcaaaataat agaagctatt 540tatgataaac ccatagccaa tatcatactg agtgggcaaa agctggaagc attccctttg 600aaaactggca caagacaagg atgccctctc tcaccactcc tattaaatgt agtattggaa 660gttctggcca gagcaatcag gcaggagaaa gaaaaggtat taaaatagga agagaggaag 720tcaaattgtc tctgtttgca gtaaacatga ttgtatattt agaaaacccc attgtctcat 780cctaaaaact ccttaagctg ataaacaact tcagcaaagt ctcaggatac aaaatcaatg 840tgcaaaaatc acaagcattc ctatacaccg ataatagaca gcagagagcc aaatcatgag 900tgaagtccca ttcacaattg cttcaaagaa aataaaatac ttaggaatac aactttcacg 960ggacatgaag gacattttca aggacaacta aaaaccactg ctcaaggaaa tgagagagga 1020cacaaagaaa tggaaaaaca ttccatgctc atggaagaat caatatcatg aaaatggcca 1080tactgcccaa agtaatttat agattcaatg ctaaccccat caagccacca ttgactttct 1140tcacagaact agaaaaaaac tattttaaaa ctcatatgta gtcaaaaaga gtcggtatag
1200ccaagacaat cctaagcata aagaacaaag ctggatgcat cacgctgact tcaaaccata 1260ctacaaggct acagtaacca aaacagcatg gtactggtac caaaacagat agatagaccg 1320atagaacaga acagaggcct cggaaataac accacacatc tacaaccctt tgatcttcaa 1380231246DNAArtificial sequencesequence of STAR23 23atcccctcat ccttcagggc agctgagcag ggcctcgagc agctggggga gcctcactta 60atgctcctgg gagggcagcc agggagcatg gggtctgcag gcatggtcca gggtcctgca 120ggcggcacgc accatgtgca gccgccccca cctgttgctc tgcctccgcc acctggccat 180gggcttcagc agccagccac aaagtctgca gctgctgtac atggacaaga agcccacaag 240cagctagagg accttgtgtt ccacgtgccc agggagcatg gcccacagcc caaagaccag 300tcaggagcag gcaggggctt ctggcaggcc cagctctacc tctgtcttca cacagatggg 360agatttctgt tgtgattttg agtgatgtgc ccctttggtg acatccaaga tagttgctga 420agcaccgctc taacaatgtg tgtgtattct gaaaacgaga acttctttat tctgaaataa 480ttgatgcaaa ataaattagt ttggatttga aattctattc atgtaggcat gcacacaaaa 540gtccaacatt gcatatgaca caaagaaaag aaaaagcttg cattccttaa atacaaatat 600ctgttaacta tatttgcaaa tatatttgaa tacacttcta ttatgttaca tataatatta 660tatgtatatg tatatataat atacatatat atgttacata taatatactt ctattatgtt 720acatataata tttatctata agtaaataca taaatataaa gatttgagta gctgtagaac 780attgtcttat gtgttatcag ctactactac aaaaatatct cttccactta tgccagtttg 840ccatataaat atgatcttct cattgatggc ccagggcaag agtgcagtgg gtacttattc 900tctgtgagga gggaggagaa aagggaacaa ggagaaagtc acaaagggaa aactctggtg 960ttgccaaaat gtcaagtttc acatattccg agacggaaaa tgacatgtcc cacagaagga 1020ccctgcccag ctaatgtgtc acagatatct caggaagctt aaatgatttt tttaaaagaa 1080aagagatggc attgtcactt gtttcttgta gctgaggctg tgggatgatg cagatttctg 1140gaaggcaaag agctcctgct ttttccacac cgagggactt tcaggaatga ggccagggtg 1200ctgagcacta caccaggaaa tccctggaga gtgtttttct tactta 124624939DNAArtificial sequencesequence of STAR24 24acgaggtcac gagttcgaga ccagcctggc caagatggtg aagccctgtc tctactaaaa 60atacaacaag tagccgggcg cggtgacggg cgcctgtaat cccagctact caggaggctg 120aagcaggaga atctctagaa cccaggaggc ggaggtgcag tgagctgaga ctgccccgct 180gcactctagc ctgggcaaca cagcaagact ctgtctcaaa taaataaata aataaataaa 240taaataaata aataaataaa tagaaaggga gagttggaag tagatgaaag agaagaaaag 300aaatcctaga tttcctatct gaaggcacca tgaagatgaa ggccacctct tctgggccag 360gtcctcccgt tgcaggtgaa ccgagttctg gcctccattg gagaccaaag gagatgactt 420tggcctggct cctagtgagg aagccatgcc tagtcctgtt ctgtttgggc ttgatcctgt 480atcacttgat tgtctctcct ggactttcca tggattccag ggatgcaact gagaagttta 540tttttaatgc acttacttga agtaagagtt attttaaaac attttagcaa aggaaatgaa 600ttctgacagg ttttgcactg aagacattca catgtgagga aaacaggaaa accactatgc 660tagaaaaagc aaatgctgtt gagattgtct cacaaacaca aattgcgtgc cagcaggtag 720gtttgagcct caggttgggc acattttacc ttaagcgcac tgttggtgga acttaaggtg 780actgtaggac ttatatatac atacatacat ataatatata tacatattta tgtgtatata 840cacacacaca cacacacaca cacacagggt cttgctatct tgcccagggt ggtctccaac 900tctgggtctc aagcgatcct ctgcctcccc ttcccaaag 939251067DNAArtificial sequencesequence of STAR25 25ataaaaaaat aaaaaaccct gctctaattt gcaaaggctc tatctttcct cccaaccacc 60tgaaatttta gtgaaaacgg ggcttcctgt aggaaggagt agctagctat cccggtccgc 120tacaggttat cagtgcgtga ataccctgac tcctaaggct caggatttga ctgggtcgcc 180tcgtccgact gccccgcccc caacgcggac ccacgtcacc gcgcgccagc ctgcggccgt 240cctgacctcg cgggatttga gcttcggtgc caacaaacac tcccaccgcg gctgcgtcca 300ctttacctgc cggcggcgac cagcttctga agaaaagtgt ccaccatggt gtcgaggagc 360ttcaccctcg aaatggtagt gccgggtggc acagattccg aagacgaccc ctcatgcctt 420ttttcctcac agccgctgcc tagattggcg ctacttgctt cggccatgtt gaagttgaac 480ctccaaatct aactggcccg gcctccccgc ctgccggagc tcccgattgg ccgctcccgc 540gaagggtgcc tccgattgga agcagtagaa cgtctgtcac cgagcagggc gggggcgggg 600aagtcatcgg aggctgaggg cagcggggag gcgaggctct gcgcggtggg atgtccgcga 660ccggaaaaat acgcgcaagc caaagctcgg gggctcaata aaaactttta attacatttc 720agagacttcg tacagtgcaa cagtgaatat tcactgttaa ttttcacaag agtccatttc 780atcaaacgtt cagagagtct gccttttcat tcccttgttc ctcagtgctc caatcaggtt 840tccagtctcc cagaggtttc ttttagtttt gattaccgac caaaactcca gtttagggag 900aatggaagtc caccgtccca tccccaccaa aacatatttc agtcaaaccc aatcccagtc 960cctaaagaat taggaaagta tgggccaagg gtccttttaa ttatacacac atcaccctta 1020aaactgcgtg tgtgtacgag aaataaagaa aaacacaaga ggggctg 106726540DNAArtificial sequencesequence of STAR26 26ccccctgaca agccccagtg tgtgatgttc cccactctgt gtccatgcat tctcattgtt 60caactcccat ctgtgagtga gaacatgcag tgtttggttt tctgtccttg agatagtttg 120ctgagaatga tggtttccag cttcatccat gtccttgcaa aggaagtgaa cttatccttt 180tttatggctt catagtattc catggcacat atgtgccaca tttttttaat ccagtctatc 240attgatggac atttgggttg gttccaagtc tttgctattg tgaatagcac cacaattaac 300atatgtgtgc atgtatacat ctttatagta gcatgattta taatccttcg ggtatatacc 360ctgtaatggg atcgctgggt caaatggtat ttctagttct agatccttga ggaatcacca 420cactgctttc cacaatggtt gaactaattt acgctcccac cagcagtgta aaagcattcc 480tatttctcca cgtcctctcc agtatctgtt gtttcctgac tttttaatga tcatcattct 540271520DNAArtificial sequencesequence of STAR27 27cttggccctc acaaagcctg tggccaggga acaattagcg agctgcttat tttgctttgt 60atccccaatg ctgggcataa tgcctgccat tatgagtaat gccggtagaa gtatgtgttc 120aaggaccaaa gttgataaat accaaagaat ccagagaagg gagagaacat tgagtagagg 180atagtgacag aagagatggg aacttctgac aagagttgtg aagatgtact aggcaggggg 240aacagcttaa ggagagtcac acaggaccga gctcttgtca agccggctgc catggaggct 300gggtggggcc atggtagctt tcccttcctt ctcaggttca gagtgtcagc cttgaacttc 360taattcccag aggcatttat tcaatgtttt cttctagggg catacctgcc ctgctgtgga 420agactttctt ccctgtgggt cgccccagtc cccagatgag acggtttggg tcagggccag 480gtgcaccgtt gggtgtgtgc ttatgtctga tgacagttag ttactcagtc attagtcatt 540gagggaggtg tggtaaagat ggagatgctg ggtcacatcc ctagagaggt gttccagtat 600gggcacatgg gagggctgga aggataggtt actgctagac gtagagaagc cacatccttt 660aacaccctgg cttttcccac tgccaagatc cagaaagtcc ttgtggtttc gctgctttct 720cctttttttt tttttttttt tttctgagat ggagtctggc tctgtcgccc aggctggagt 780gcagtggcac gatttcggct cactgcaagt tccgcctcct aggttcatac cattctccca 840cctcagcctc ccgagtagct gggactacag gcgccaccac acccagctaa ttttttgtat 900ttttagtaga gacggcgttt caccatgtta gccaggatgg tcttgatccg cctgcctcag 960cctcccaaag tgctgggatt acaggcgtga gccaccgcgc ccggcctgct ttcttctttc 1020atgaagcatt cagctggtga aaaagctcag ccaggctggt ctggaactct tgacctcaag 1080tgatctgcct gcctcagcct cccaaagtgc tgagattaca ggcatgagcc agtccgaatg 1140tggctttttt tgttttgttt tgaaacaagg tctcactgtt gcccaggctg cagtgcagtg 1200gcatacctca gctccactgc agcctcgacc tcctgggctc aagcaatcct cccaactgag 1260cctccccagt agctggggct acaagcgcat gccaccacgc ctggctattt tttttttttt 1320tttttttttt gagaaggagt ttcattcttg ttgcccaggc tggagtgcaa tggcacagtc 1380tcagctcact gcagcctccg cctcctgggt tcaagcgatt ctcctgcctc agcctcccga 1440gtagctggga ttataggcac ctgccaccat gcctggctaa tttttttgta tttttagtag 1500ggatggggtt tcaccatgtt 152028961DNAArtificial sequencesequence of STAR28 28aggaggttat tcctgagcaa atggccagcc tagtgaactg gataaatgcc catgtaagat 60ctgtttaccc tgagaagggc atttcctaac tctccctata aaatgccaag tggagcaccc 120cagatgaaat agctgatatg ctttctatac aagccatcta ggactggctt tatcatgacc 180aggatattca cccactgaat atggctatta cccaagttat ggtaaatgct gtagttaagg 240gggtcccttc cacatggaca ccccaggtta taaccagaaa gggttcccaa tctagactcc 300aagagagggt tcttagacct catgcaagaa agaacttggg gcaagtacat aaagtgaaag 360caagtttatt aagaaagtaa agaaacaaaa aaatggctac tccataagca aagttatttc 420tcacttatat gattaataag agatggatta ttcatgagtt ttctgggaaa ggggtgggca 480attcctggaa ctgagggttc ctcccacttt tagaccatat agggtatctt cctgatattg 540ccatggcatt tgtaaactgt catggcactg atgggagtgt cttttagcat tctaatgcat 600tataattagc atataatgag cagtgaggat gaccagaggt cacttctgtt gccatattgg 660tttcagtggg gtttggttgg cttttttttt tttttaacca caacctgttt tttatttatt 720tatttattta tttatttatt tatatttttt attttttttt agatggagtc ttgctctgtc 780acccaggtta gagtgcagtg gcaccatctc ggctcactgc aagctctgcc tccttggttc 840acgccattct gctgcctcag cctcccgagt agctgggact acaggtgcct gccaccatac 900ccggctaatt ttttctattt ttcagtagag acggggtttc accgtgttag ccaggatggt 960c 961292233DNAArtificial sequencesequence of STAR29 29agcttggaca cttgctgatg ccactttgga tgttgaaggg ccgccctctc ccacaccgct 60ggccactttt aaatatgtcc cctctgccca gaagggcccc agaggagggg ctggtgaggg 120tgacaggagt tgactgctct cacagcaggg ggttccggag ggaccttttc tccccattgg 180gcagcataga aggacctaga agggccccct ccaagcccag ctgggcgtgc agggccagcg 240attcgatgcc ttcccctgac tcaggtggcg ctgtcctaaa ggtgtgtgtg ttttctgttc 300gccagggggt ggcggataca gtggagcatc gtgcccgaag tgtctgagcc cgtggtaagt 360ccctggaggg tgcacggtct cctccgactg tctccatcac gtcaggcctc acagcctgta 420ggcaccgctc ggggaagcct ctggatgagg ccatgtggtc atccccctgg agtcctggcc 480tggcctgaag aggaggggag gaggaggcca gcccctccct agccccaagg cctgcgaggc 540tgcaagcccg gccccacatt ctagtccagg cttggctgtg caagaagcag attgcctggc 600cctggccagg cttcccagct aggatgtggt atggcagggg tgggggacat tgaggggctg 660ctgtagcccc cacaacctcc ccaggtaggg tggtgaacag taggctggac aagtggacct 720gttcccatct gagattcaag agcccacctc tcggaggttg cagtgagccg agatccctcc 780actgcactcc agcctgggca acagagcaag actctgtctc aaaaaaacag aacaacgaca 840acaaaaaacc cacctctggc ccactgccta actttgtaaa taaagtttta ttggcacata 900gacacaccca ttcatttaca tactgctgcg gctgcttttg cattaccctt gagtagacga 960cagaccacgt ggccatggaa gccaaaaata tttactgtct ggccctttac agaagtctgc 1020tctagaggga gaccccggcc catggggcag gaccactggg cgtgggcaga agggaggcct 1080cggtgcctcc acgggcctag ttgggtatct cagtgcctgt ttcttgcatg gagcaccagg 1140ggtcagggca agtacctgga ggaggcaggc tgttgcccgc ccagcactgg gacccaggag 1200accttgagag gctcttaacg aatgggagac aagcaggacc agggctccca ttggctgggc 1260ctcagtttcc ctgcctgtaa gtgagggagg gcagctgtga aggtgaactg tgaggcagag 1320cctctgctca gccattgcag gggcggctct gccccactcc tgttgtgcac ccagagtgag 1380gggcacgggg tgagatgtca ccatcagccc ataggggtgt cctcctggtg ccaggtcccc 1440aagggatgtc ccatcccccc tggctgtgtg gggacagcag agtccctggg gctgggaggg 1500ctccacactg ttttgtcagt ggtttttctg aactgttaaa tttcagtgga aaattctctt 1560tcccctttta ctgaaggaac ctccaaagga agacctgact gtgtctgaga agttccagct 1620ggtgctggac gtcgcccaga aagcccaggt actgccacgg gcgccggcca ggggtgtgtc 1680tgcgccagcc atgggcacca gccaggggtg tgtctacgcc ggccaggggt aggtctccgc 1740cggcctccgc tgctgcctgg ggagggccgt gcctgacact gcaggcccgg tttgtccgcg 1800gtcagctgac ttgtagtcac cctgcccttg gatggtcgtt acagcaactc tggtggttgg 1860ggaaggggcc tcctgattca gcctctgcgg acggtgcgcg agggtggagc tcccctccct 1920ccccaccgcc cctggccagg gttgaacgcc cctgggaagg actcaggccc gggtctgctg 1980ttgctgtgag cgtggccacc tctgccctag accagagctg ggccttcccc ggcctaggag 2040cagccgggca ggaccacagg gctccgagtg acctcagggc tgcccgacct ggaggccctc 2100ctggcgtcgc ggtgtgactg acagcccagg agcgggggct gttgtaattg ctgtttctcc 2160ttcacacaga accttttcgg gaagatggct gacatcctgg agaagatcaa gaagtaagtc 2220ccgcccccca ccc 2233301851DNAArtificial sequencesequence of STAR30 30cctcccctgg agccttcaga aggagcatgg cataggagtc ttgatttcag acgtctggtc 60cccagaatga tgggagaatg aatttctgtt atttaagcca cccaacctgt ggtgctttgt 120tatagcagcc tcaggaaact aacacactgc acgtgcccac tattcccttt tccagtatct 180ttcaggactt gctggcttcc tttgttctgg cgtacaccca tgcatggccc cattccccac 240ttcctaaaac aacaaccctg acttagtctg tttgggctgc tagaacaaaa tactatagac 300tgggtgactt ataaacaaca gaaattcatt tctcacattc tggaggctgg gaagtccaat 360atcgaggcac catcacattt ggtctctgct gaggccccct tcctagctcc tcactgtgtc 420cttacatggc agaaggggca aggcagctct ctggggtccc ttttcaaggc cacaaatccc 480attcattagg gctgatgact tcatgactta atcacctcct aatggcccca cctcctaatc 540gcattgggcg ttaggattca acataaattt tggggggaca cacatattca gaccatagca 600aaccccaaca ataaaaaacc ttcactttaa ggttccaaat ggactggcag ttaaatcatg 660ttcatattta cataaaagaa ggagtaagtc aacaaattga taaacgcgtg gagatttgtt 720cggatggatg ttcaccaaaa tgctggcctt aaagagtgag atgggaaatg ggaactatta 780cattcttctt catacttttt ggtactgcct gcattgttaa aaaaaaaaaa aaagagcaca 840gagcattttt acaatcagga aaaaaacaat gaggttatct tcattctgga aaaaaatgga 900aaatgaaaca gtggagtcac atcatggaaa atgcttatgg tacaatttca tgtgacataa 960aacaatagaa tagaggacct gttttatgac taaagcactg taaaaatgac aggcctggaa 1020ggagagatga aaaccactca tttgttaagg tagtcaggtg gcaggtgatt tctcttcttt 1080tgaaaatttc cattttcatt atatcgcagt ttgtgcattt actaaaactt tcggttggta 1140cacatgcata aatagataga taaataagta gatagatgat agataaatag acggtaggta 1200gatagataga tagatatgag aaataagtcc cctgtacttg gccttgcagc cataactagt 1260cattcccctt cctctgtcca ttgctatgcc tgatggacaa ggcagtctgt gccctctggc 1320cccaattcca atgtgccctc tgctcctggc tgttagtccc tttccacccc aatacaattg 1380ctccgaggtc acttctaagt gtgaagcccc cagatcagat ggcttcttct gtgtccttac 1440cttacccaat ttctaattat aactaaaaca caatgaggct ctagtaaaat accatgagac 1500ttcaggccct ctgtataact tcactcattt aaacctaaca aggaaaacct accatgaatc 1560cgaggcacag agcagctaag gaactcacca aggtcacgca gctattggtg atggaaccat 1620gagtcaagct tcacagcctg ttggctctag aatagggttt cccaacctca gcactgtgga 1680cattttcagg ctggataatt ctctgttgtg gggggctgtt ctgtgccttg taggatatta 1740ggagcatctc tggcctctac ccactagacg cagcagcact cccatgccca gttgtgacaa 1800caagcaatgt ctcccaccat tgccaagtgt cccctgggtg gaaatgcacc c 1851311701DNAArtificial sequencesequence of STAR31 31cacccgcctt ggccccccag agtgctggga ttacaagtgt aaaccaccat tcctggctag 60atttaatttt ttaaaaaata aagagaagta ggaatagttc attttaggga gagcccctta 120actgggacag gggcaggaca ggggtgaggc ttcccttant tcaagctcac ctcaaaccca 180cccaggactg tgtgtcacat tctccaataa aggaaaggtt gctgcccccg cctgtgagtg 240ctgcagtgga gggtagaggg ccgtgggcag agtgcttcat ggactgctca tcaagaaagg 300cttcatgaca atcggcccag ctgctgtcat cccacattct acttccagct aggagaaggc 360ggcttgccca cagtcaccca gccggcaagt gtcacccctg ggttggaccc agagctatga 420tcctgcccag gggtccagct gagaatcagg cccacgttct aggcagaggg gctcacctac 480tgggactcca gtagctgtag tgcatggagg catcatggct gcagcagcct ggacctggtc 540tcacactggc tgtccctgtg ggcaggccat cctcaatgcc aggtcaggcc caagcatgta 600tcccagacaa tgacaatggg gtggaatcct ctcttgtccc agaagccact cctcactgtt 660ctacctgagg aaggcagggg catggtggaa tcctgaagcc tgctgtgagg gtctccagcg 720aacttgcaca tggtcagccc tgccttctcc tccctgaact agattgagcg agagcaagaa 780ggacattgaa ccagcaccca aagaattttg gggaacggcc tctcatccag gtcaggctca 840cctccttttt aaaatttaat taattaatta attaattttt ttttagagac agagtcttac 900tgtgtggccc aggctgtagt gcagtggcac aatcatagtt cactgcagcc tcaaactccc 960cacctcagcc tctggattag ctgagactac aggtgcacca ccaccacacc cagctaatat 1020ttttattttt gtagagagag ggtttcacca tcttgcccag gctggtctca aactcctggg 1080ctcaagtgat cccgcccagg tctgaaagcc cccaggctgg cctcagactg tggggttttc 1140catgcagcca cccgagggcg cccccaagcc agttcatctc ggagtccagg cctggccctg 1200ggagacagag tgaaaccagt ggtttttatg aacttaactt agagtttaaa agatttctac 1260tcgatcactt gtcaagatgc gccctctctg gggagaaggg aacgtgactg gattccctca 1320ctgttgtatc ttgaataaac gctgctgctt catcctgtgg gggccgtggc cctgtccctg 1380tgtgggtggg gcctcttcca tttccctgac ttagaaacca cagtccacct agaacagggt 1440ttgagaggct tagtcagcac tgggtagcgt tttgactcca ttctcggctt tcttcttttt 1500ctttccagga tttttgtgca gaaatggttc ttttgttgcc gtgttagtcc tccttggaag 1560gcagctcaga aggcccgtga aatgtcgggg gacaggaccc ccagggaggg aaccccaggc 1620tacgcacttt agggttcgtt ctccagggag ggcgacctga cccccgnatc cgtcggngcg 1680cgnngnnacn aannnnttcc c 170132771DNAArtificial sequencesequence of STAR32 32gatcacacag cttgtatgtg ggagctagga ttggaacccc agaagtctgg ccccaggttc 60atgctctcac ccactgcata caatggcctc tcataaatca atccagtata aaacattaga 120atctgcttta aaaccataga attagtagcg taagtaataa atgcagagac catgcagtga 180atggcattcc tggaaaaagc ccccagaagg aattttaaat cagctttcgt ctaatcttga 240gcagctagtt agcaaatatg agaatacagt tgttcccaga taatgcttta tgtctgacca 300tcttaaactg gcgctgtttt tcaaaaactt aaaaacaaaa tccatgactc ttttaattat 360aaaagtgata catgtctact tgggaggctg aggtggtggg aggatggctt gagtttgagg 420ctgcagtatg ctactatcat gcctataaat agccgctgca ttccagcttg ggcaacatac 480ccaggcccta tctcaaaaaa ataaaaagta atacatctac attgaagaaa attaatttta 540ttgggttttt ttgcattttt attatacaca gcacacacag cacatatgaa aaaatgggta 600tgaactcagg cattcaactg gaagaacagt actaaatcaa tgtccatgta gtcagcgtga 660ctgaggttgg tttgtttttt cttttttctt ctcttctctt ctcttttctt tttttttgag 720acggagcttt gctctttttg cccaggcttg attgcaatgg cgtgatctca g 771331368DNAArtificial sequencesequence of STAR33 33gcttttatcc tccattcaca gctagcctgg cccccagagt acccaattct ccctaaaaaa 60cggtcatgct gtatagatgt gtgtggcttg gtagtgctaa agtggccaca tacagagctc 120tgacaccaaa cctcaggacc atgttcatgc cttctcactg agttctggct tgttcgtgac 180acattatgac attatgatta tgatgacttg tgagagcctc agtcttctat agcactttta 240gaatgcttta taaaaaccat ggggatgtca ttatattcta acctgttagc acttctgttc 300gtattaccca tcacatccca acatcaattc tcatatatgc aggtacctct tgtcacgcgc 360gtccatgtaa ggagaccaca aaacaggctt tgtttgagca acaaggtttt tatttcacct 420gggtgcaggt gggctgagtc tgaaaagaga gtcagtgaag ggagacaggg gtgggtccac 480tttataagat ttgggtaggt agtggaaaat tacaatcaaa gggggttgtt ctctggctgg 540ccagggtggg ggtcacaagg tgctcagtgg gagagccttt gagccaggat gagccagaag 600gaatttcaca aggtaatgtc atcagttaag gcagggactg gccattttca cttcttttgt 660ggtggaatgt catcagttaa ggcaggaacc ggccattttc acttcttttg tgattcttca 720cttgcttcag gccatctgga cgtataggtg caggtcacag tcacagggga taagatggca 780atggcatagc ttgggctcag aggcctgaca cctctgagaa actaaagatt ataaaaatga 840tggtcgcttc tattgcaaat ctgtgtttat tgtcaagagg cacttatttg tcaattaaga 900acccagtggt agaatcgaat gtccgaatgt aaaacaaaat acaaaacctc tgtgtgtgtg 960tgtgtgtgag tgtgtgtgta tgtgtgtgtg tgtgtattag agaggaaaag cctgtatttg 1020gaggtgtgat tcttagattc taggttcttt cctgcccacc ccatatgcac ccaccccaca 1080aaagaacaaa caacaaatcc caggacatct tagcgcaaca tttcagtttg catattttac 1140atatttactt ttcttacata ttaaaaaact gaaaatttta tgaacacgct aagttagatt 1200ttaaattaag tttgttttta cactgaaaat aatttaatat ttgtgaagaa tactaataca 1260ttggtatatt tcattttctt aaaattctga acccctcttc
ccttatttcc ttttgacccg 1320attggtgtat tggtcatgtg actcatggat ttgccttaag gcaggagg 136834755DNAArtificial sequencesequence of STAR34 34actgggcacc ctcctaggca ggggaatgtg agaactgccg ctgctctggg gctgggcgcc 60atgtcacagc aggagggagg acggtgttac accacgtggg aaggactcag ggtggtcagc 120cacaaagctg ctggtgatga ccaggggctt gtgtcttcac tctgcagccc taacacccag 180gctgggttcg ctaggctcca tcctgggggt gcagaccctg agagtgatgc cagtgggagc 240ctcccgcccc tccccttcct cgaaggccca ggggtcaaac agtgtagact cagaggcctg 300agggcacatg tttatttagc agacaaggtg gggctccatc agcggggtgg cctggggagc 360agctgcatgg gtggcactgt ggggagggtc tcccagctcc ctcaatggtg ttcgggctgg 420tgcggcagct ggcggcaccc tggacagagg tggatatgag ggtgatgggt ggggaaatgg 480gaggcacccg agatggggac agcagaataa agacagcagc agtgctgggg ggcaggggga 540tgagcaaagg caggcccaag acccccagcc cactgcaccc tggcctccca caagccccct 600cgcagccgcc cagccacact cactgtgcac tcagccgtcg atacactggt ctgttaggga 660gaaagtccgt cagaacaggc agctgtgtgt gtgtgtgcgt gtatgagtgt gtgtgtgtga 720tccctgactg ccaggtcctc tgcactgccc ctggg 755351193DNAArtificial sequencesequence of STAR35 35cgacttggtg atgcgggctc ttttttggtt ccatatgaac tttaaagtag tcttttccaa 60ttctgtgaag aaagtcattg gtaggttgat ggggatggca ttgaatctgt aaattacctt 120gggcagtatg gccattttca caatgttgat tcttcctatc catgatgatg gaatgttctt 180ccattagttt gtatcctctt ttatttcctt gagcagtggt ttgtagttct ccttgaagag 240gtccttcaca tcccttgtaa gttggattcc taggtatttt attctctttg aagcaaattg 300tgaatgggag tncactcacg atttggctct ctgtttgtct gctgggtgta taaanaatgt 360ngtgatnttn gtacattgat ttngtatccn tgagacttng ctgaatttgc ttnatcngct 420tnngggaacc ttttgggctg aaacnatggg attttctaaa tatacaatca tgtcgtctgc 480aaacagggaa caatttgact tcctcttttc ctaattgaat acactttatc tccttctcct 540gcctaattgc cctgggcaaa acttccaaca ctatgntngn aataggagnt ggtgagagag 600ggcatccctg ttcttgttgc cagnttttca aagggaatgc ttccagtttt ggcccattca 660gtatgatatg ggctgtgggt ngtgtcataa atagctctta tnattttgaa atgtgtccca 720tcaataccta atttattgaa agtttttagc atgaangcat ngttgaattt ggtcaaaggc 780tttttctgca tctatggaaa taatcatgtg gtttttgtct ttggctcntg tttatatgct 840ggatnacatt tattgatttg tgtatatnga acccagcctn ncatcccagg gatgaagccc 900acttgatcca agcttggcgc gcngnctagc tcgaggcagg caaaagtatg caaagcatgc 960atctcaatta gtcagcaccc atagtccgcc cctacctccg cccatccgcc cctaactcng 1020nccgttcgcc cattctcgcc catggctgac taatnttttt annatccaag cggngccgcc 1080ctgcttganc attcagagtn nagagnnttg gaggccnagc cttgcaaaac tccggacngn 1140ttctnnggat tgaccccnnt taaatatttg gttttttgtn ttttcanngg nga 1193361712DNAArtificial sequencesequence of STAR36 36gatcccatcc ttagcctcat cgatacctcc tgctcacctg tcagtgcctc tggagtgtgt 60gtctagccca ggcccatccc ctggaactca ggggactcag gactagtggg catgtacact 120tggcctcagg ggactcagga ttagtgagcc ccacatgtac acttggcctc agtggactca 180ggactagtga gccccacatg tacacttggc ctcaggggac tcaggattag tgagccccca 240catgtacact tggcctcagg ggactcagga ttagtgagcc ccacatgtac acttggcctc 300aggggactca ggactagtga gccccacatg tacacttggc ctcaggggac tcagaactag 360tgagccccac atgtacactt ggcttcaggg gactcaggat tagtgagccc cacatgtaca 420cttggacacg tgaaccacat cgatgtgctg cagagctcag ccctctgcag atgaaatgtg 480gtcatggcat tccttcacag tggcacccct cgttccctcc ccacctcatc tcccattctt 540gtctgtcttc agcacctgcc atgtccagcc ggcagattcc accgcagcat cttctgcagc 600acccccgacc acacacctcc ccagcgcctg cttggccctc cagcccagct cccgcctttc 660ttccttgggg aagctccctg gacagacacc ccctcctccc agccatggct ttttcctgct 720ctgccccacg cgggaccctg ccctggatgt gctacaatag acacatcaga tacagtcctt 780cctcagcagc cggcagaccc agggtggact gctcggggcc tgcctgtgag gtcacacagg 840tgtcgttaac ttgccatctc agcaactagt gaatatgggc agatgctacc ttccttccgg 900ttccctggtg agaggtactg gtggatgtcc tgtgttgccg gccacctttt gtccctggat 960gccatttatt tttttccaca aatatttccc aggtctcttc tgtgtgcaag gtattagggc 1020tgcagcgggg gccaggccac agatctctgt cctgagaaga cttggattct agtgcaggag 1080actgaagtgt atcacaccaa tcagtgtaaa ttgttaactg ccacaaggag aaaggccagg 1140aaggagtggg gcatggtggt gttctagtgt tacaagaaga agccagggag ggcttcctgg 1200atgaagtggc atctgacctg ggatctggag gaggagaaaa atgtcccaaa agagcagaga 1260gcccacccta ggctctgcac caggaggcaa cttgctgggc ttatggaatt cagagggcaa 1320gtgataagca gaaagtcctt gggggccaca attaggattt ctgtcttcta aagggcctct 1380gccctctgct gtgtgacctt gggcaagtta cttcacctct agtgctttgg ttgcctcatc 1440tgtaaagtgg tgaggataat gctatcacac tggttgagaa ttgaagtaat tattgctgca 1500aagggcttat aagggtgtct aatactagta ctagtaggta cttcatgtgt cttgacaatt 1560ttaatcatta ttattttgtc atcaccgtca ctcttccagg ggactaatgt ccctgctgtt 1620ctgtccaaat taaacattgt ttatccctgt gggcatctgg cgaggtggct aggaaagcct 1680ggagctgttt cctgttgacg tgccagacta gt 1712371321DNAArtificial sequencesequence of STAR37 37atctctctct gccaaagcaa cagcggtccc tgccccaacc agactacccc actcagtggg 60gttacggatg ctgctccagc atcctaacac tgcccagctg gtgcctgcct gtgctcaccc 120acaaccccca ggccggcctt ccctgcagcc tgggcttggc caccttggcc tgattgagca 180ctgaggcctc ctgggcaccc agccccatca ctgcacctgc tgcttccagc cccaccccac 240cggctcaggg gttcttccca gcggcgctga tcatgaagtc aacatgcacg caagtcgtct 300caggaaactt tttaatgaaa gtgtcggcca cggtggtgtg taggtggctg agctcagatt 360gcagctgcta agacaccagc cacttaccaa gagaaagcca ggctgcttca aacccagggc 420cggaggcaaa aaagcatcac ttccagccgg ggagtctgga agccacgcct tgtgggaggt 480cacactggca tctaggcctt cgcctgcact gcagaaggag agccgggtcc ccctcctgga 540gaacgctgcg ttccccagcc ccacaccggc tttgccacca cacaggctgt tgaggcagga 600ggcgggtaag acgtagctgt agacccaaag caaccaccag ccctgggacc ctgcgggaga 660ggagcacttt tagaacatgg aaaaatgtgg tcatcccatc attagacagc acacatccta 720cataaataaa aagtcgtatg gggaaggagg ttggggaggg aataaaaaat tggcacagac 780attgatagac tggtttccag tttcaaggta acagatgcac atcatgagac cagaggaggc 840agagacaagg gctgaatttg gcttttctaa gcaacatgtg ttcctgcgca gggctgaatg 900gtcgctgaga cagagatgga agccaggaca agggagccca ccgggcccag ataggtacag 960agagcagagg ctcctgttct gtcctcgcca cccatgaggg tgacactgct tgtaaatggt 1020ggctgtgctc tcccagcaag aaaaaagcac aactaaatcc acactgcaca cagacgcaga 1080cagaaagcct tcaagtggct ctgttttctg ctccctgcct tgccaggtcc acaagcagag 1140aggagtgtca ggcacatggc cccgctgtca ggctccccag tgagctgtag gctcagcagg 1200agctgcccac tgacacacag gggacaccca ctcctgccac cttgggagcg gttgccagac 1260agagccgcac tgggtgctgg tgtcatccag ggaccccaca cacttcctta aatgtgatcc 1320t 1321381445DNAArtificial sequencesequence of STAR38 38gatctatggg agtagcttcc ttagtgagct ttcccttcaa atactttgca accaggtaga 60gaattttgga gtgaaggttt tgttcttcgt ttcttcacaa tatggatatg catcttcttt 120tgaaaatgtt aaagtaaatt acctctcttt tcagatactg tcttcatgcg aacttggtat 180cctgtttcca tcccagcctt ctataaccca gtaacatctt ttttgaaacc agtgggtgag 240aaagacacct ggtcaggaac gcggaccaca ggacaactca ggctcaccca cggcatcaga 300ctaaaggcaa acaaggactc tgtataaagt accggtggca tgtgtatnag tggagatgca 360gcctgtgctc tgcagacagg gagtcacaca gacacttttc tataatttct taagtgcttt 420gaatgttcaa gtagaaagtc taacattaaa tttgattgaa caattgtata ttcatggaat 480attttggaac ggaataccaa aaaatggcaa tagtggttct ttctggatgg aagacaaact 540tttcttgttt aaaataaatt ttattttata tatttgaggt tgaccacatg accttaagga 600tacatataga cagtaaactg gttactacag tgaagcaaat taacatatct accatcgtac 660atagttacat ttttttgtgt gacaggaaca gctaaaatct acgtatttaa caaaaatcct 720aaagacaata catttttatt aactatagcc ctcatgatgt acattagatc gtgtggttgt 780ttcttccgtc cccgccacgc cttcctcctg ggatggggat tcattcccta gcaggtgtcg 840gagaactggc gcccttgcag ggtaggtgcc ccggagcctg aggcgggnac tttaanatca 900gacgcttggg ggccggctgg gaaaaactgg cggaaaatat tataactgna ctctcaatgc 960cagctgttgt agaagctcct gggacaagcc gtggaagtcc cctcaggagg cttccgcgat 1020gtcctaggtg gctgctccgc ccgccacggt catttccatt gactcacacg cgccgcctgg 1080aggaggaggc tgcgctggac acgccggtgg cgcctttgcc tgggggagcg cagcctggag 1140ctctggcggc agcgctggga gcggggcctc ggaggctggg cctggggacc caaggttggg 1200cggggcgcag gaggtgggct cagggttctc cagagaatcc ccatgagctg acccgcaggg 1260cggccgggcc agtaggcacc gggcccccgc ggtgacctgc ggacccgaag ctggagcagc 1320cactgcaaat gctgcgctga ccccaaatgc tgtgtccttt aaatgtttta attaagaata 1380attaataggt ccgggtgtgg aggctcaagc cttaatcccc agcacctggc gaggccgagg 1440aggga 1445392331DNAArtificial sequencesequence of STAR39 39tcactgcaac ctccacctcc caggttcaag tgattctcct gcctcggcct cccgagtagc 60tgggactaca ggtgcatgac accgcacctg gctagttttt gtatttttag tagagacagg 120gtttcactat gttggccagg ttggtctcga actcctgacc ttgtgatccg cccacctcgg 180cctcccaaag tgctgggatt acagagtgag ccactgcgcc tggcctgcac cccttactat 240tatatgcttt gcattttctt ttagatttga agaacctcat tataaactct agcactaatc 300ttatgtcagt taaatgcata gcaaatatct cctgacgtgg gagaatatat atttgcaagt 360cttcttgtga acatatgttt tcagttctag ggagccagac gcctatgagt gaaaagccta 420gtcatcgtgg agaagtgcat tcaactttgt aagaaactgc caaaccttta ttcataatgg 480ttgtataaat tttacattac caccaataat gtatgagagt tccagttgct tcacatcctc 540accagcattt tgttttgtct gtcttttttc ctttggttat tctagtgggc ataagatata 600atagtatccc ttgtggttta atgtaaattc cactgaagac taataacatt tgcatatttc 660taattaataa gcctttttaa gtgacttttc aagtctttgc tcatttttat tagatatttg 720ccttcttatt attgatttga aagaattata tttatatgct tatattctgg ttataagccc 780tttgtcatta ttttccaaaa caatatttgg ttgtttctgt actactttcc ttgctccttt 840gaattgactt ggtgccttgg ccaaaaatca attgaccaca tacatgtggg tgcatctcca 900gactaccaca ttccgtttat ctatttgtct ctccttgtgt caataacact ctgtcttgat 960aatggtaagt tttgagatca ggttgtgtaa gtcctcctaa tttttcctgg gttttcaata 1020ttgctttgct ttttaaaaat tttgtatttt catttacatt ttaaaataaa cttgttagtg 1080ggattttgat tggcattgca ctgaactcgt ggatcaattt ggggagattg gacattctta 1140tatatggatc ccgtggtcat caactttaag aactctttct catccattag taactcaatc 1200taggttcaga tgctactcgt tttctgctca gtctgtgtct gagcccctta tgctcttcat 1260tttgtcatcc aattaacctc agctttgcat caatactatt tcttgctttg gtgcctgtta 1320cctctcctct aatcaccaat ccacaactta cctccaaatt cagggcttgt ctcattcttc 1380ccaggaggag tgctgctcag tctatctact tagtattata atttctctgg cttggtatca 1440aggcactccc atttccggct tccatgagat gtctcagagg gcatgctgcc cggtgtagct 1500gcatggtcaa gcttcttcat atctcttgcc tcatcactta aactcactat tttgtactcc 1560tgcttcagct atagggagct actgttagtt tcttgaagac atatgctctc tctctctctc 1620acatctggac ctgagcacat cctgttactg ctgcttgaaa caatgtgatc cccaggcaca 1680caccattagc ttagaagcct cccctgattc ttcaaggctg gttgagtccc ttctctgtgc 1740tctcatgaca acagttggca attcctcgtt gcagcaccta gcccatgatg ctctttggag 1800gcagagactg agtctttctc actattgaat ttccagcatt catcacagag cctggcatat 1860ataaagccct ccatcatatg tattaagtga atggataaat gaaaaaaagt tatatatatg 1920tacatatatg tgtatatatg tatatgtata tatgtgtata tatgtgtgta tatgtgtgtg 1980tatatatgta catatatatg tatctatgta catatatgta tatatgtata tatatgtgtg 2040tgtatatgtg tgtgtgtatg tatatatatt acaatgaaat actattcagc cttaaaaagg 2100cagggaatcc tgtcatttaa cacaatatgg ataaacctag aggactctaa aggcaaatac 2160cacatgttct cactcacaaa atctaaacaa gttgaactcc tacaagtaga gagtaggatg 2220atggttacca agggctgggg gacgggagag gatggggaaa gcatagctgt ccatcaaagg 2280gtagaaagtt tcatttagac aagaggaatc agctttagtg atctatttca c 2331401071DNAArtificial sequencesequence of STAR40 40gctgtgattc aaactgtcag cgagataagg cagcagatca agaaagcact ccgggctcca 60gaaggagcct tccaggccag ctttgagcat aagctgctga tgagcagtga gtgtcttgag 120tagtgttcag ggcagcatgt taccattcat gcttgacttc tagccagtgt gacgagaggc 180tggagtcagg tctctagaga gttgagcagc tccagcctta gatctcccag tcttatgcgg 240tgtgcccatt cgctttgtgt ctgcagtccc ctggccacac ccagtaacag ttctgggatc 300tatgggagta gcttccttag tgagctttcc cttcaaatac tttgcaacca ggtagagaat 360tttggagtga aggttttgtt cttcgtttct tcacaatatg gatatgcatc ttcttttgaa 420aatgttaaag taaattacct ctcttttcag atactgtctt catgcgaact tggtatcctg 480tttccatccc agccttctat aacccagtaa catctttttt gaaaccagtg ggtgagaaag 540acacctggtc aggaacgcgg accacaggac aactcaggct cacccacggc atcagactaa 600aggcaaacaa ggactctgta taaagtaccg gtggcatgtg tattagtgga gatgcagcct 660gtgctctgca gacagggagt cacacagaca cttttctata atttcttaag tgctttgaat 720gttcaagtag aaagtctaac attaaatttg attgaacaat tgtatattca tggaatattt 780tggaacggaa taccaaaaaa tggcaatagt ggttctttct ggatggaaga caaacttttc 840ttgtttaaaa taaattttat tttatatatt tgaggttgac cacatgacct taaggataca 900tatagacagt aaactggtta ctacagtgaa gcaaattaac atatctacca tcgtacatag 960ttacattttt ttgtgtgaca ggaacagcta aaatctacgt atttaacaaa aatcctaaag 1020acaatacatt tttattaact atagccctca tgatgtacat tagatctcta a 1071411135DNAArtificial sequencesequence of STAR41 41tgctcttgtt gcccaggctg cagtgcaatg gcgctgtctc ggctcatcgc aacctccgcc 60tcccagattc aagtgattct cctgcctcac cctcccaagt agctgggatt accagtatgc 120agcaacacgc ccggctaatt ttgtatttgt aatagagacg gggtttcttc atgttggtca 180ggctggtctc aaattcctgc cctcaggtga tctgcccacc ttggcctccc aaagtgctgg 240gattacaggc atgagccact gtgcccggcc tgggctgggg cttttaaggg gactggaggg 300tgaggggctg gaaaattggg agagttgatt ggtggggcaa gggggatgta atcatcaggg 360tgtacaaact gcactcttgg tttagtcagc tcctcgtggg gtccttcgga gcagctcagt 420cagtagctcc atcagtatac aggacccaaa ggaatatctc aaagggaaaa cagcatttcc 480taaggttcaa gttgtgatct acggagcagt taggggaact acaatcttgt gacagggtct 540acatgcttct gaggcaatga gacaccaagc agctacgagg aagcagtcag agagcacgcc 600gacctagtga ctgatgctga tgtgctgcga gctgggttca ttttcatttc tcccctcccc 660ctgccctcat taattttgta aagtttatag ggaacatttc acccactctg ctgtggatcc 720ctgtcactta cggagtctgt catcttggct gtatgggctg tggcctctgc ggtgcccatt 780ctcaggaggt gtgagaccca tgaggaccgg aggtggacaa ggctagagac cacacccccc 840cgctccatcc aatcatgttt tcctgggtgc ttggtttcta tgcaggctgc atgtccttag 900tccctgcatg ggaacagctc ctgtggtgag caggcccctg aggaaggcct tgagcgggaa 960tggagcctag gcttaggctg cctggtaaga gctggaggga accagccgag gcttgtgcta 1020cttttttttc cagaatgaaa tacgtgactg atgttggtgt cctgcagcgc cacgtttccc 1080gccacaacca ccggaacgag gatgaggaga acacactctc cgtggactgc acacg 113542735DNAArtificial sequencesequence of STAR42 42aagggtgaga tcactaggga gggaggaagg agctataaaa gaaagaggtc actcatcaca 60tcttacacac tttttaaaac cttggttttt taatgtccgt gttcctcatt agcagtaagc 120cctgtggaag caggagtctt tctcattgac caccatgaca agaccctatt tatgaaacat 180aatagacaca caaatgttta tcggatattt attgaaatat aggaattttt cccctcacac 240ctcatgacca cattctggta cattgtatga atgaatatac cataatttta cctatggctg 300tatatttagg tcttttcgtg caggctataa aaatatgtat gggccggtca cagtgactta 360cgcccgtagt cccagaactt tgggaggccg aggcgggtgg atcacctgag gtcgggagtt 420caaaaccagc ctgaccaaca tggagaaacc ccgtctctgc taaaaataca aaaattaact 480ggacacggtg gcgtatgcct gtaatcccag ctactcggga agctgaggca ggagaactgc 540ttgaacccag gaggcggagg ttgtggtgag tcgagattgc gccattgcac tccagcctgg 600gcaacaagag cgaaattcca tctcaaaaaa aagaaaaaag tatgactgta tttagagtag 660tatgtggatt tgaaaaatta ataagtgttg ccaacttacc ttagggttta taccatttat 720gagggtgtcg gtttc 735431227DNAArtificial sequencesequence of STAR43 43caaatagatc tacacaaaac aagataatgt ctgcccattt ttccaaagat aatgtggtga 60agtgggtaga gagaaatgca tccattctcc ccacccaacc tctgctaaat tgtccatgtc 120acagtactga gaccaggggg cttattccca gcgggcagaa tgtgcaccaa gcacctcttg 180tctcaatttg cagtctaggc cctgctattt gatggtgtga aggcttgcac ctggcatgga 240aggtccgttt tgtacttctt gctttagcag ttcaaagagc agggagagct gcgagggcct 300ctgcagcttc agatggatgt ggtcagcttg ttggaggcgc cttctgtggt ccattatctc 360cagcccccct gcggtgttgc tgtttgcttg gcttgtctgg ctctccatgc cttgttggct 420ccaaaatgtc atcatgctgc accccaggaa gaatgtgcag gcccatctct tttatgtgct 480ttgggctatt ttgattcccc gttgggtata ttccctaggt aagacccaga agacacagga 540ggtagttgct ttgggagagt ttggacctat gggtatgagg taatagacac agtatcttct 600ctttcatttg gtgagactgt tagctctggc cgcggactga attccacaca gctcacttgg 660gaaaacttta ttccaaaaca tagtcacatt gaacattgtg gagaatgagg gacagagaag 720aggccctaga tttgtacatc tgggtgttat gtctataaat agaatgcttt ggtggtcaac 780tagacttgtt catgttgaca tttagtcttg ccttttcggt ggtgatttaa aaattatgta 840tatcttgttt ggaatatagt ggagctatgg tgtggcattt tcatctggct ttttgtttag 900ctcagcccgt cctgttatgg gcagccttga agctcagtag ctaatgaaga ggtatcctca 960ctccctccag agagcggtcc cctcacggct cattgagagt ttgtcagcac cttgaaatga 1020gtttaaactt gtttattttt aaaacattct tggttatgaa tgtgcctata ttgaattact 1080gaacaacctt atggttgtga agaattgatt tggtgctaag gtgtataaat ttcaggacca 1140gtgtctctga agagttcatt tagcatgaag tcagcctgtg gcaggttggg tggagccagg 1200gaacaatgga gaagctttca tgggtgg 1227441586DNAArtificial sequencesequence of STAR44 44tgagttgggg tcctaagcca gaagttaact atgctttcat atattcttgc aagtagaagt 60acagtgttgg tgtaaattcc ccttagatgg atagctaagc ccagaggaaa taatggtaat 120tggaaccata tgaccgtatg caattcatgt gcatatttat atcaagaaaa gaacattata 180ggtcgggtga gaccctattt tgttctgaca atgtcatctg tatttacatg tctgtttcgg 240gagtttggat gtcaagggat tctgtgctgg attgtaaagc atgtgcttct gcttgatgta 300gctactcaat tttgtattct tgactaataa agtcataaac ataattcaac ctctgtgtgc 360gtgctctcct tccattaatt tatactttag caaaaagtat tgaatgtgtg tgttatgtaa 420caatttccta taaattatat taaatgattt attagcttta ttcaataaag ttttaagtgt 480tttcttctat gactacatta tttgttaaca agaaatttct ttaactgaaa acttcaagga 540agactatctg ggtaactctt tcaaaaagaa ttgtccctgt attttgggat tgaatatatt 600aatttcttgt actgttttaa cagcacataa ttttacaaga caagccactt tttcaaagcc 660tgcttctcct cccattttcc ctatctctgt gattgacacc tccaacccct gtagcctgcc 720tctgctctct cttaaccagt cctactgata ctacttccta agtatttttc agccctgtcc 780ttcctctcca tcatgatgga ttcacttcca gttgaaatcc ttatggtacc ctccctggat 840tatggcagta atcagagagc tggtctcctt aactcaggat tcacttcttc tcatctgttg 900ttcacagtga catcagaaag atattttaaa atgatgaact agaattaatt atataaaaca 960cacatacaca cataaataat acttaaattt ttcaatgatg ttccaattat gtaaaatata 1020atataggagg cactttatgt tctggcctca atctttcaat tcaaacttat ctcctgccac 1080tatctccttt gaacattgta ttccagctac tttagaataa taataataca taatattcat 1140agagcccttc ctgggttcct atcaccgtac aaaatacttc acatataaca tttaatcttt 1200gacaacttta ttaggcatgc acaattatta tctatctata tatctatatc tatatatata
1260aaatctatat tttatagata agaaaataga gggtaaaaac ttgccaaaat tacaaagctt 1320agaagtgtag cagttgggat ttgaatctag gcatcctgcc tctatagtct acagtggctt 1380tcttgtgcca aaagccttgc agttccctag acttaacatt tctcaaaatc tgtgtctttc 1440acatgctctt ccaattgtct ggaaaatctt tcccaacctc agtctaactg tggtactcat 1500gttcacccca caagaattga ctccatctgt cccctctcca tgaaaatttc tttgaatctc 1560agcactttgg gaggctgagg caggtg 1586451981DNAArtificial sequencesequence of STAR45 45cacgccccag cgtgccctgg actactgctc cgcaggactc ctgttctgct gcaccctgga 60ctacggcacc agaggaccca gctcccgccg gcctgagcta tggcaccaga ggacccagct 120cccggcagcc tggactatgg caccagagga cccagccccc cgcttcctgg gctaaggcac 180agtaggaccc tgcctcatcg tgtactcctg ctcaggagga ccctcgcagg gcggcgcact 240ggactaagct actgaaggag ccccacccct gcctaaccct ggactaaggc actggagaac 300tcttgctccg cagagccacg gactcttgca caagagaacc tcagcccagc cgtgccctgg 360actgtggcac agtagggccc acaccacgcc atggactcct gtattggagg aagagtagtg 420ataaatgtcc aggtttacaa cttgaaaagt agcaatcaat gtgccacaat agatggatgt 480gatgtaaaat tataaatgat gaaaacatta tgtgtaattg cctagccaga acagttacac 540aagacaaaga cgtaaaagaa atccacatag ggaaggaaga ggtaagattg tttctgtttt 600ttgaaaatat aatcttaaga tagagaaaat cttaaagatt ccaccaaaat aaatggttat 660agctgatgaa gaaattcaat aaagttaata gttacaaaat caacatacaa atatcattat 720tgtttctatt aactaatgac aaactattac ctgaaaaata aaggcaattc aatttataat 780agaatcaaaa cagatatata aatatataaa agacaggagt aaatttaatc aaaaccataa 840aagatttaca tactgaaaac tatagcacat tgatgaaaaa aattaaaatg gcataaataa 900atggagaaac atccttcatt gatggattca aaaattagta ttgtaaaagt gtcaatgcta 960cccaaagcaa tctacagatt aaatgcaacc actatcaaat tccaatgtca ttcttcacag 1020aaatagaaaa attactgcta aaatttgtat ggaaccacaa aagacctgga ccaaccaaag 1080caatcttgaa caaaaagaac aaagctggag gcatcagact acctgactcc aaactctatt 1140acaaagctat aggaattaaa acagcatagc aatggcataa aaacagacat gtaaaacagt 1200acaaagggat atagaacctg taaataaatc cgtgtgtctg tggtcaattg attttttgat 1260aaaataacta aaaatacaca gtgaagaaag aaaattattt tcaataaatg gtgtagacaa 1320aactgactat ccacatacag aagaataaaa tttgactttt attttgctct ttatacaagc 1380atcaaatcaa aattaaagtt taaatgtaaa actactacaa ggaaatatag aaggagactg 1440tatgacattg gcctgagcta tgattttctg tagattattc caaaaggcaa caaaagcaaa 1500acacacaaat gagactgcat aaaacttaaa acttttccac aggaaaagaa gcaatgatag 1560aattaagaga acccacaaat gggataatat ttttaaacca tacatcaggt aaggggctca 1620tataataata tataagcaac tcaacctact caaaaataag aaaaaaacta tgcttattaa 1680aaaataagca aagaatcaga atagacattt cctacatcat acaaaaggcc aaccaggtac 1740atgaaaaaat cataaacatt cctaattatc agagaagtgc aaatcaatgc cacaatgaga 1800tatcacctca cacattttac tagggctatt ataaaaaaag atggaagata agtgttggtg 1860aggatgtgga gaaaaagaaa ccctgtacac tgttggtagg aatggaaatt agtacagcca 1920tcttggaaaa cagtacgaag ctttctcaag aaattataaa tttatttacc ctatgatcca 1980t 1981461859DNAArtificial sequencesequence of STAR46 46attgtttttc tcgcccttct gcattttctg caaattctgt tgaatcattg cagttactta 60ggtttgcttc gtctccccca ttacaaacta cttactgggt ttttcaaccc tagttccctc 120atttttatga tttatgctca tttctttgta cacttcgtct tgctccatct cccaactcat 180ggcccctggc tttggattat tgttttggtc ttttattttt tgtcttcttc tacctcaaca 240cttatcttcc tctcccagtc tccggtaccc tatcaccaag gttgtcatta acctttcata 300ttattcctca ttatccatgt attcatttgc aaataagcgt atattaacaa aatcacaggt 360ttatggagat ataattcaca taccttaaaa ttcaggcttt taaagtgtac ctttcatgtg 420gtttttggta tattcacaaa gttatgcatt gatcaccacc atctgattcc ataacatgtt 480caatacctca aaaagaagtc tgtactcatt agtagtcatt tcacattcac cactccctct 540ggctctgggc agtcactgat ctttgtgtct ctatggattt gcctagtcta ggtattttta 600tgtaaatggc atcatacaac atgtgacctt ttgtttggct tttttcattt agcaaaatgt 660tatcaaggtc tgtccctgtt gtagcatgta ttagcacttc atttcttata tgctgaatga 720tatactttat ttgtccatca gttgttcatg ctttatttgt ccatcagttg atgaacattt 780gcgtttttgc cactttgggc tattaagaat aatgctactg tgaacaagtg tgtacaagtt 840cctctacaaa tttttgtgtg gacatatcct ttcagttctc tcaggtgtat atctgggaat 900tgaattgctg ggtcgtgtag tagctatgtt aaacactttg agaaactgct ataatgttct 960ccagagctgt accattttaa attctgtgta tgaggattcc acgttctcca cttcctcacc 1020agtgtatgga tttgggggta tactttttaa aaagtgggat taggctgggc acagtggctc 1080acacctgtaa tcccaacact tcaggaagct gaggtgggag gatcacttga gcctagtagt 1140ttgagaccag cctgggcaac atagggagac cctgtctcta caaaaaataa tttaaaataa 1200attagctggg cgttgtggca cacacctgta gtcccagcta catgggaggc tgaggtggaa 1260ggattccctg agcccagaag tttgaggttg cagtgagcca tgatggcagc actatactgt 1320agcctgggtg tcagagcaag actccgtttc agggaagaaa aaaaaaagtg ggatgatatt 1380tttgacactt ttcttcttgt tttcttaatt tcatacttct ggaaattcca ttaaattagc 1440tggtaccact ctaactcatt gtgtttcatg gctgcatagt aatattgcat aatataaata 1500taccattcat tcatcaaagt tagcagatat tgactgttag gtgccaggca ctgctctaag 1560cgttaaagaa aaacacacaa aaacttttgc attcttagag tttattttcc aatggagggg 1620gtggagggag gtaagaattt aggaaataaa ttaattacat atatagcata gggtttcacc 1680agtgagtgca gcttgaatcg ttggcagctt tcttagtagt ataaatacag tactaaagat 1740gaaattactc taaatggtgt tacttaaatt actggaatag gtattactat tagtcacttt 1800gcaggtgaaa gtggaaacac catcgtaaaa tgtaaaatag gaaacagctg gttaatgtt 1859471082DNAArtificial sequencesequence of STAR47 47atcattagtc attagggaaa tgcaaatgaa aaacacaagc agccaccaat atacacctac 60taggatgatt taaaggaaaa taagtgtgaa gaaggacgta aagaaattgt aaccctgata 120cattgatggt agaaatggat aaagttgcag ccactgtgaa aaacagtctg cagtggctca 180gaaggttaaa tatagaaccc ctgttggacc caggaactct actcttaggc accccaaaga 240atagagaaca gaaatcaaac agatgtttgt atactaatgt ttgtagcatc acttttcaca 300ggagccaaaa ggtggaaata atccaaccat cagtgaacaa atgaatgtaa taaaagcaag 360gtggtctgca tgcaatgcta catcatccat ctgtaaaaaa cgaacatcat tttgatagat 420gatacaacat gggtggacat tgagaacatt atgcttagtg aaataagcca gacacaaaag 480gaatatattg tataattgta attacatgaa gtgcctagaa tagtcaaatt catacaagag 540aaagtgggat aggaatcacc atgggctgga aataggggga aggtgctata ctgcttattg 600tggacaaggt ttcgtaagaa atcatcaaaa ttgtgggtgt agatagtggt gttggttatg 660caaccctgtg aatatattga atgccatgga gtgcacactt tggttaaaag gttcaaatga 720taaatattgt gttatatata tttccccacg atagaaaaca cgcacagcca agcccacatg 780ccagtcttgt tagctgcctt cctttacctt caagagtggg ctgaagcttg tccaatcttt 840caaggttgct gaagactgta tgatggaagt catctgcatt gggaaagaaa ttaatggaga 900gaggagaaaa cttgagaatc cacactactc accctgcagg gccaagaact ctgtctccca 960tgctttgctg tcctgtctca gtatttcctg tgaccacctc ctttttcaac tgaagacttt 1020gtacctgaag gggttcccag gtttttcacc tcggcccttg tcaggactga tcctctcaac 1080ta 1082481242DNAArtificial sequencesequence of STAR48 48atcatgtatt tgttttctga attaattctt agatacatta atgttttatg ttaccatgaa 60tgtgatatta taatataata tttttaattg gttgctactg tttataagaa tttcattttc 120tgtttacttt gccttcatat ctgaaaacct tgctgatttg attagtgcat ccacaaattt 180tcttggattt tctatgggta attacaaatc tccacacaat gaggttgcag tgagccaaga 240tcacaccact gtactccagc ctgggcgaca gagtgagaca ccatctcaca aaaacacata 300aacaaacaaa cagaaactcc acacaatgac aacgtatgtg ctttcttttt ttcttcctct 360ttctataata tttctttgtc ctatcttaac tgaactggcc agaaacccca ggacaatgat 420aaatacgagc agtgtcaaca gacatctcat tccctttcct agcttttata aaaataacga 480ttatgcttca acattacata tggtggtgtc gatggttttg ttatagataa gcttatcagg 540ttaagaaatt tgtctgcgtt tcctagtttg gtataaagat tttaatataa atgaatgttg 600tattttatca tcttattttt ttcctacatc tgctaaggta atcctgtgtt ttcccctttt 660caatctccta atgtggtgaa tgacattaaa ataccttcta ttgttaaaat attcttgcaa 720cgctgtatag aaccaatgcc tttattctgt attgctgatg gatttttgaa aaatatgtag 780gtggacttag ttttctaagg ggaatagaat ttctaatata tttaaaatat tttgcatgta 840tgttctgaag gacattggtg tgtcatttct ataccatctg gctactagag gagccgactg 900aaagtcacac tgccggagga ggggagaggt gctcttccgt ttctggtgtc tgtagccatc 960tccagtggta gctgcagtga taataatgct gcagtgccga cagttctgga aggagcaaca 1020acagtgattt cagcagcagc agtattgcgg gatccccacg atggagcaag ggaaataatt 1080ctggaagcaa tgacaatatc agctgtggct atagcagctg agatgtgagt tctcacggtg 1140gcagcttcaa ggacagtagt gatggtccaa tggcgcccag acctagaaat gcacatttcc 1200tcagcaccgg ctccagatgc tgagcttgga cagctgacgc ct 1242491015DNAArtificial sequencesequence of STAR49 49aaaccagaaa cccaaaacaa tgggagtgac atgctaaaac cagaaaccca aaacaatggg 60agggtcctgc taaaccagaa acccaaaaca atgggagtga agtgctaaaa ccagaaaccc 120aaaacaatgg gagtgtcctg ctacaccaga aacccaaaac gatgggagtg acgtgataaa 180accagacacc caaaacaatg ggagtgacgt gctaaaccag aaacccaaaa caatgggagt 240gacgtgctaa aacctggaaa cctaaaacaa tgcgagtgag gtgctaacac cagaatccat 300aacaatgtga gtgacgtgct aaaccagaac ccaaaacaat gggagtgacg tgctaaaaca 360ggaacccaaa acaatgagag tgacgtgcta aaccagaaac ccaaaacaat gggaatgacg 420tgctaaaacc ggaacccaaa acaatgggag tgatgtgcta aaccagaaac ccaaaacaat 480gggaatgaca tgctaaaact ggaacccaaa acaatggtaa ctaagagtga tgctaaggcc 540ctacattttg gtcacactct caactaagtg agaacttgac tgaaaaggag gatttttttt 600tctaagacag agttttggtc tgtcccccag agtggagtgc agtggcatga tctcggctca 660ctgcaagctc tgcctcccgg gttcaggcca ttctcctgcc tcagcctcct gagtagctgg 720gaatacaggc acccgccacc acacttggct aattttttgt atttttagta gagatggggt 780ttcaccatat tagcaaggat ggtctcaatc tcctgacctc gtgatctgcc cacctcaggc 840tcccaaagtg ctgggattac aggtgtgagc caccacaccc agcaaaaagg aggaattttt 900aaagcaaaat tatgggaggc cattgttttg aactaagctc atgcaatagg tcccaacaga 960ccaaaccaaa ccaaaccaaa atggagtcac tcatgctaaa tgtagcataa tcaaa 1015502355DNAArtificial sequencesequence of STAR50 50caaccatcgt tccgcaagag cggcttgttt attaaacatg aaatgaggga aaagcctagt 60agctccattg gattgggaag aatggcaaag agagacaggc gtcattttct agaaagcaat 120cttcacacct gttggtcctc acccattgaa tgtcctcacc caatctccaa cacagaaatg 180agtgactgtg tgtgcacatg cgtgtgcatg tgtgaaagta tgagtgtgaa tgtgtctata 240tgggaacata tatgtgattg tatgtgtgta actatgtgtg actggcagcg tggggagtgc 300tggttggagt gtggtgtgat gtgagtatgc atgagtggct gtgtgtatga ctgtggcggg 360aggcggaagg ggagaagcag caggctcagg tgtcgccaga gaggctggga ggaaactata 420aacctgggca atttcctcct catcagcgag cctttcttgg gcaatagggg cagagctcaa 480agttcacaga gatagtgcct gggaggcatg aggcaaggcg gaagtactgc gaggaggggc 540agagggtctg acacttgagg ggttctaatg ggaaaggaaa gacccacact gaattccact 600tagccccaga ccctgggccc agcggtgccg gcttccaacc ataccaacca tttccaagtg 660ttgccggcag aagttaacct ctcttagcct cagtttcccc acctgtaaaa tggcagaagt 720aaccaagctt accttcccgg cagtgtgtga ggatgaaaag agctatgtac gtgatgcact 780tagaagaagg tctagggtgt gagtggtact cgtctggtgg gtgtggagaa gacattctag 840gcaatgagga ctggggagag cctggcccat ggcttccact cagcaaggtc agtctcttgt 900cctctgcact cccagccttc cagagaggac cttcccaacc agcactcccc acgctgccag 960tcacacatag ttacacacat acaatcacat atatgttccc atatagacac attcacactc 1020ataccttcac acatgcacac gcatgtgcac acacagtcac tcatttctgt gttggagatt 1080gggtgaggac attcaatggg tgaggaccaa caggtgtgaa gattgctttc tagaaaatga 1140ctcctgtctc tctttgccat tcttcccaat ccgatggagc tactaggctt ttccctcatt 1200tcatgtttaa taaaccttcc caatggcgaa atgggctttc tcaagaagtg gtgagtgtcc 1260catccctgcg gtggggacag gggtggcagc ggacaagcct gcctggaggg aactgtcagg 1320ctgattccca gtccaactcc agcttccaac acctcatcct ccaggcagtc ttcattcttg 1380gctctaattt cgctcttgtt ttctttttta tttttatcga gaactgggtg gagagctttt 1440ggtgtcattg gggattgctt tgaaaccctt ctctgcctca cactgggagc tggcttgagt 1500caactggtct ccatggaatt tcttttttta gtgtgtaaac agctaagttt taggcagctg 1560ttgtgccgtc cagggtggaa agcagcctgt tgatgtggaa ctgcttggct cagatttctt 1620gggcaaacag atgccgtgtc tctcaactca ccaattaaga agcccagaaa atgtggcttg 1680gagaccacat gtctggttat gtctagtaat tcagatggct tcacctggga agccctttct 1740gaatgtcaaa gccatgagat aaaggacata tatatagtag ctagggtggt ccacttctta 1800ggggccatct ccggaggtgg tgagcactaa gtgccaggaa gagaggaaac tctgttttgg 1860agccaaagca taaaaaaacc ttagccacaa accactgaac atttgttttg tgcaggttct 1920gagtccaggg agggcttctg aggagagggg cagctggagc tggtaggagt tatgtgagat 1980ggagcaaggg ccctttaaga ggtgggagca gcatgagcaa aggcagagag gtggtaatgt 2040ataaggtatg tcatgggaaa gagtttggct ggaacagagt ttacagaata gaaaaattca 2100acactattaa ttgagcctct actacgtgct cgacattgtt ctagtcactg agataggttt 2160ggtatacaaa acaaaatcca tcctctatgg acattttagt gactaacaac aatataaata 2220ataaaagtga acaaaagctc aaaacatgcc aggcactatt atttatttat ttatttattt 2280atttatttat tttttgaaac agagtctcgc tctgttgccc aggctggagt gtagtggtgc 2340gatctcggct cactg 2355512289DNAArtificial sequencesequence of STAR51 51tcacaggtga caccaatccc ctgaccacgc tttgagaagc actgtactag attgactttc 60taatgtcagt cttcattttc tagctctgtt acagccatgg tctccatatt atctagtaca 120acacacatac aaatatgtgt gatacagtat gaatataata taaaaatatg tgttataata 180taaatataat attaaaatat gtctttatac tagataataa tacttaataa cgttgagtgt 240ttaactgctc taagcacttt acctgcagga aacagttttt tttttatttt ggtgaaatac 300aactaacata aatttattta caattttaag catttttaag tgtatagttt agtggagtta 360atatattcaa aatgttgtgc agccgtcacc atcatcagtc ttcataactc ttttcatatt 420gtaaaattaa aagtttatgc tcatttaaaa atgactccca atttcccccc tcctcaacct 480ctggaaacta ccattctatt ttctgcctcc gtagttttgc ccactctaag tacctcacat 540aagtggaatt tgtcttattt gcctgtttgt gaccggctga tttcatttag tataatgtcc 600tcaagtttta ttcacgttat atagcatatg tcataatttt cttcactttt aagcttgagt 660aatatttcat cgtatgtatc tcacattttg cttatccatt catctctcag tggacacttg 720agttgcttct acattttagc tgttgtgaat actgctgcta tgaacatggg tgtataaata 780tctcaagacc tttttatcag ttttttaaaa tatatactca gtagtagttt agctggatta 840tatggtaatt ttatttttaa tttttgagga actgtcctac ccttttattc aatagtagct 900ataccaattg acaattggca ttcctaccaa cagggcataa gggttctcaa ttctccacat 960attccctgat acttgttatt ttcaggtgtt tttttttttt tttttttttt atgggagcca 1020tgttaatggg tgtaaggtga tatttcatta tagttttgat ttgcatttcc ctaatgatta 1080gtgatgttaa gcatctcttc atgtgcctat tggccatttg tatatcttct ttaaaaatat 1140atatatactc attcctttgc ccatttttga attatgttta ttttttgtta ttgagtttca 1200atacttttct atataaccta ggtattaatc ctttatcaga cttaagattt gcaaatattc 1260tctttcattc cacaggttgc taattctctc tgttggtaat atcttttgat gctgttgtgt 1320ccagaattga ttcattcctg tgggttcttg gtctcactga cttcaagaat aaagctgcgg 1380accctagtgg tgagtgttac acttcttata gatggtgttt ccggagtttg ttccttcaga 1440tgtgtccaga gtttcttcct tccaatgggt tcatggtctt gctgacttca ggaatgaagc 1500cgcagacctt cgcagtgagg tttacagctc ttaaaggtgg cgtgtccaga gttgtttgtt 1560ccccctggtg ggttcgtggt cttgctgact tcaggaatga agccgcagac cctcgcagtg 1620agtgttacag ctcataaagg tagtgcggac acagagtgag ctgcagcaag atttactgtg 1680aagagcaaaa gaacaaagct tccacagcat agaaggacac cccagcgggt tcctgctgct 1740ggctcaggtg gccagttatt attcccttat ttgccctgcc cacatcctgc tgattggtcc 1800attttacaga gtactgattg gtccatttta cagagtgctg attggtgcat ttacaatcct 1860ttagctagac acagagtgct gattgctgca ttcttacaga gtgctgattg gtgcatttac 1920agtcctttag ctagatacag aacgctgatt gctgcgtttt ttacagagtg ctgattggtg 1980catttacaat cctttagcta gacacagtgc tgattggtgg gtttttacag agtgctgatt 2040ggtgcgtctt tacagagtgc tgattggtgc atttacaatc ctttagctag acacagagtg 2100ctgattggtg cgtttataat cctctagcta gacagaaaag ttttccaagt ccccacctga 2160ccgagaagcc ccactggctt cacctctcac tgttatactt tggacatttg tccccccaaa 2220atctcatgtt gaaatgtaac ccctaatgtt ggaactgagg ccagactgga tgtggctggg 2280ccatgggga 2289521184DNAArtificial sequencesequence of STAR52 52cttatgccat ctggcggtgc catgtggaac ttcgctgaag aagctaaatt tactgaccat 60ctgtgcctag agcgggtttc tccaaggaaa ggctctgtaa atctcgtcct tttgaaatct 120aggggaaaac agcctccttc actgaggatt aatttaaaga aagggggaaa taggaaaatt 180ccatgcgttg gaagtccatt tagatttcta catgaaccat catatatgtg cactacataa 240ttcttatttt tttattttta aaaaagggat aatttatatt ccagtgacaa gtttgggaaa 300ggccaaggca agcaattgag ttgaacatta tgtagcgttt atatagacct tgcagacgtc 360tgtgcaatat ccaccactga acacgtgagg tcgtactcaa gtctctctgg cccctggtaa 420tgtgactccc ttcctttatt tgcatgaatc gcctggattg ggtgtcaggt ttttaaaacg 480tcaaggttta cgcctattgt tgtcaaccaa tcagcatcct actttgacgt gattggcttc 540tactgtaggt gtcaatcatc caaaatttgc atactactcc tcaggccgcc gggagcctgt 600cagtcggctg tggcagctgg aagagaagga atcggacgga gaagaatgaa aaatcacttt 660gctttcgcaa agcgaaagaa aagtattctt ttcctcatta tttttaaata aatttgattg 720tatatttacc taataaaata aacattcaat taaacaaaaa taagcaacta tcaaagattt 780gtttactaat tttcgtaatg tttactgttt caataagtag ccaaaggaat attaaaacac 840aaaaatatga atgctgataa ttttatgtca taaagaccat tttaaaacta aaagtgaaca 900tggggtttct aaataaaatt accgtggtag cgtaaaaaca ctgctttcaa tacttgggca 960tgctgaaagt gctgcatcct aagataaaaa atacaccaag ggggggattt caaagaacat 1020tattttgctt ttaataatcc tgtatttctg tcactttgcc ctttttattt atttaccgtg 1080aactcacaga cagaatatta cttggagttt ctgaaatact tgtgtttgta catttctcat 1140cttacacgta cccacacacc ccaaaataaa aaaacaaaga agag 1184531431DNAArtificial sequencesequence of STAR53 53ccctgaggaa gatgacgagt aactccgtaa gagaaccttc cactcatccc ccacatccct 60gcagacgtgc tattctgtta tgatactggt atcccatctg tcacttgctc cccaaatcat 120tcccttctta caattttcta ctgtacagca ttgaggctga acgatgagag atttcccatg 180ctctttctac tccctgccct gtatatatcc ggggatcctc cctacccagg atgctgtggg 240gtcccaaacc ccaagtaagc cctgatatgc gggccacacc tttctctagc ctaggaattg 300ataacccagg cgaggaagtc actgtggcat gaacagatgg ttcacttcga ggaaccgtgg 360aaggcgtgtg caggtcctga gatagggcag aatcggagtg tgcagggtct gcaggtcagg 420aggagttgag attgcgttgc cacgtggtgg gaactcactg ccacttattt ccttctctct 480tcttgcctca gcctcaggga tacgacacat gcccatgatg agaagcagaa cgtggtgacc 540tttcacgaac atgggcatgg ctgcggaccc ctcgtcatca ggtgcatagc aagtgaaagc 600aagtgttcac aacagtgaaa agttgagcgt catttttctt agtgtgccaa gagttcgatg 660ttagcgttta cgttgtattt tcttacactg tgtcattctg ttagatacta acattttcat 720tgatgagcaa gacatactta atgcatattt tggtttgtgt atccatgcac ctaccttaga 780aaacaagtat tgtcggttac ctctgcatgg aacagcatta ccctcctctc tccccagatg 840tgactactga gggcagttct gagtgtttaa tttcagattt tttcctctgc atttacacac 900acacgcacac
aaaccacacc acacacacac acacacacac acacacacac acacacacac 960acacaccaag taccagtata agcatctgcc atctgctttt cccattgcca tgcgtcctgg 1020tcaagctccc ctcactctgt ttcctggtca gcatgtactc ccctcatccg attcccctgt 1080agcagtcact gacagttaat aaacctttgc aaacgttccc cagttgtttg ctcgtgccat 1140tattgtgcac acagctctgt gcacgtgtgt gcatatttct ttaggaaaga ttcttagaag 1200tggaattgct gtgtcaaagg agtcatttat tcaacaaaac actaatgagt gcgtcctcgt 1260gctgagcgct gttctaggtg ctggagcgac gtcagggaac aaggcagaca ggagttcctg 1320acccccgttc tagaggagga tgtttccagt tgttgggttt tgtttgtttg tttcttctag 1380agatggtggt cttgctctgt ccaggctaga gtgcagtggc atgatcatag c 143154975DNAArtificial sequencesequence of STAR54 54ccataaaagt gtttctaaac tgcagaaaaa tccccctaca gtcttacagt tcaagaattt 60tcagcatgaa atgcctggta gattacctga ctttttttgc caaaaataag gcacagcagc 120tctctcctga ctctgacttt ctatagtcct tactgaatta tagtccttac tgaattcatt 180cttcagtgtt gcagtctgaa ggacacccac attttctctt tgtctttgtc aattctttgt 240gttgtaaggg caggatgttt aaaagttgaa gtcattgact tgcaaaatga gaaatttcag 300agggcatttt gttctctaga ccatgtagct tagagcagtg ttcacactga ggttgctgct 360aatgtttctg cagttcttac caatagtatc atttacccag caacaggata tgatagagga 420cttcgaaaac cccagaaaat gttttgccat atatccaaag ccctttggga aatggaaagg 480aattgcgggc tcccattttt atatatggat agatagagac caagaaagac caaggcaact 540ccatgtgctt tacattaata aagtacaaaa tgttaacatg taggaagtct aggcgaagtt 600tatgtgagaa ttctttacac taattttgca acattttaat gcaagtctga aattatgtca 660aaataagtaa aaatttttac aagttaagca gagaataaca atgattagtc agagaaataa 720gtagcaaaat cttcttctca gtattgactt ggttgctttt caatctctga ggacacagca 780gtcttcgctt ccaaatccac aagtcacatc agtgaggaga ctcagctgag actttggcta 840atgttggggg gtccctcctg tgtctcccca ggcgcagtga gcctgcaggc cgacctcact 900cgtggcacac aactaaatct ggggagaagc aacccgatgc cagcatgatg cagatatctc 960agggtatgat cggcc 97555501DNAArtificial sequencesequence of STAR55 55cctgaactca tgatccgccc acctcagcct cctgaagtgc tgggattaca ggtgtgagcc 60accacaccca gccgcaacac actcttgagc aaccaatgtg tcataaaaga aataaaatgg 120aaatcagaaa gtatcttgag acagacaaaa atggaaacac aacataccaa aatttatggg 180acacagcaaa agcagtttta ggagggaagt ttatagtgat gaatacctac ctcaaaatca 240ttagcctgat tggatgacac tacagtgtat aaatgaattg aaaaccacat tgtgccccat 300acatatatac aatttttatt tgttaattaa aaataaaata aaactttaaa aaagaagaaa 360gagctcaaat aaacaaccta actttatacc tcaaggaaat agaagagcca gctaagccca 420aagttgacag aaggaaaaaa atattggcag aaagaaatga aacagagact agaaagacaa 480ttgaagagat cagcaaaact a 50156741DNAArtificial sequencesequence of STAR56 56acacaggaaa agatcgcaat tgttcagcag agctttgaac cggggatgac ggtctccctc 60gttgcccggc aacatggtgt agcagccagc cagttatttc tctggcgtaa gcaataccag 120gaaggaagtc ttactgctgt cgccgccgga gaacaggttg ttcctgcctc tgaacttgct 180gccgccatga agcagattaa agaactccag cgcctgctcg gcaagaaaac gatggaaaat 240gaactcctca aagaagccgt tgaatatgga cgggcaaaaa agtggatagc gcacgcgccc 300ttattgcccg gggatgggga gtaagcttag tcagccgttg tctccgggtg tcgcgtgcgc 360agttgcacgt cattctcaga cgaaccgatg actggatgga tggccgccgc agtcgtcaca 420ctgatgatac ggatgtgctt ctccgtatac accatgttat cggagagctg ccaacgtatg 480gttatcgtcg ggtatgggcg ctgcttcgca gacaggcaga acttgatggt atgcctgcga 540tcaatgccaa acgtgtttac cggatcatgc gccagaatgc gctgttgctt gagcgaaaac 600ctgctgtacc gccatcgaaa cgggcacata caggcagagt ggccgtgaaa gaaagcaatc 660agcgatggtg ctctgacggg ttcgagttct gctgtgataa cggagagaga ctgcgtgtca 720cgttcgcgct ggactgctgt g 741571365DNAArtificial sequencesequence of STAR57 57tccttctgta aataggcaaa atgtatttta gtttccacca cacatgttct tttctgtagg 60gcttgtatgt tggaaatttt atccaattat tcaattaaca ctataccaac aatctgctaa 120ttctggagat gtggcagtga ataaaaaagt tatagtttct gattttgtgg agcttggact 180ttaatgatgg acaaaacaac acattcttaa atatatattt catcaaaatt atagtgggtg 240aattatttat atgtgcattt acatgtgtat gtatacataa atgggcggtt actggctgca 300ctgagaatgt acacgtggcg cgaacgaggc tgggcggtca gagaaggcct cccaaggagg 360tggctttgaa gctgagtggt gcttccacgt gaaaaggctg gaaagggcat tccaagaaaa 420ggctgaggcc agcgggaaag aggttccagt gcgctctggg aacggaaagc gcacctgcct 480gaaacgaaaa tgagtgtgct gaaataggac gctagaaagg gaggcagagg ctggcaaaag 540cgaccgagga ggagctcaaa ggagcgagcg gggaaggccg ctgtggagcc tggaggaagc 600acttcggaag cgcttctgag cgggtaaggc cgctgggagc atgaactgct gagcaggtgt 660gtccagaatt cgtgggttct tggtctcact gacttcaaga atgaagaggg accgcggacc 720ctcgcggtga gtgttacagc tcttaaggtg gcgcgtctgg agtttgttcc ttctgatgtt 780cggatgtgtt cagagtttct tccttctggt gggttcgtgg tctcgctggc tcaggagtga 840agctgcagac cttcgcggtg agtgttacag ctcataaaag cagggtggac tcaaagagtg 900agcagcagca agatttattg caaagaatga aagaacaaag cttccacact gtggaagggg 960accccagcgg gttgccactg ctggctccgc agcctgcttt tattctctta tctggcccca 1020cccacatcct gctgattggt agagccgaat ggtctgtttt gacggcgctg attggtgcgt 1080ttacaatccc tgcgctagat acaaaggttc tccacgtccc caccagatta gctagataga 1140gtctccacac aaaggttctc caaggcccca ccagagtagc tagatacaga gtgttgattg 1200gtgcattcac aaaccctgag ctagacacag ggtgatgact ggtgtgttta caaaccttgc 1260ggtagataca gagtatcaat tggcgtattt acaatcactg agctaggcat aaaggttctc 1320caggtcccca ccagactcag gagcccagct ggcttcaccc agtgg 1365581401DNAArtificial sequencesequence of STAR58 58aagtttacct tagccctaaa ttatttcatt gtgattggca ttttaggaaa tatgtattaa 60ggaatgtctc ttaggagata aggataacat atgtctaaga aaattatatt gaaatattat 120tacatgaact aaaatgttag aactgaaaaa aaattattgt aactccttcc agcgtaggca 180ggagtatcta gataccaact ttaacaactc aactttaaca acttcgaacc aaccagatgg 240ctaggagatt cacctattta gcatgatatc ttttattgat aaaaaaatat aaaacttcca 300ttaaattttt aagctactac aatcctatta aattttaact taccagtgtt ctcaatgcta 360cataatttaa aatcattgaa atcttctgat tttaactcct cagtcttgaa atctacttat 420ttttagttac atatatatcc aatctactgc cgctagtaga agaagcttgg aatttgagaa 480aaaaatcaga cgttttgtat attctcatat tcactaattt attttttaaa tgagtttctg 540caatgcatca agcagtggca aaacaggaga aaaattaaaa ttggttgaaa agatatgtgt 600gccaaacaat cccttgaaat ttgatgaagt gactaatcct gagttattgt ttcaaatgtg 660tacctgttta tacaagggta tcacctttga aatctcaaca ttaaatgaaa ttttataagc 720aatttgttgt aacatgatta ttataaaatt ctgatataac attttttatt acctgtttag 780agtttaaaga gagaaaagga gttaagaata attacatttt cattagcatt gtccgggtgc 840aaaaacttct aacactatct tcaaatcttt ttctccattg ccttctgaac atacccactt 900gggtatctca ttagcactgc aaattcaaca ttttcgattg ctaatttttc tccctaaata 960tttatttgtt ttctcagctt tagccaatgt ttcactattg accatttgct caagtatagt 1020gacgcttcaa tgaccttcag agagctgttt cagtccttcc tggactactt gcatgcttcc 1080aacaaaatga agcactcttg atgtcagtca ctcaaataaa tggaaatggg cccatttact 1140aggaatgtta acagaataaa aagatagacg tgacaccagt tgcttcagtc catctccatt 1200tacttgctta aggcctggcc atatttctca cagttgatat ggcgcagggc acatgtttaa 1260atggctgttc ttgtaggatg gtttgactgt tggattcctc atcttccctc tccttaggaa 1320ggaaggttac agtagtactg ttggctcctg gaatatagat tcataaagaa ctaatggagt 1380atcatctccc actgctcttg t 140159866DNAArtificial sequencesequence of STAR59 59gagatcacgc cactgcactc cagcctgggg gacagagcaa gactccatct cagaaacaaa 60caaacacaca aagccagtca aggtgtttaa ttcgacggtg tcaggctcag gtctcttgac 120aggatacatc cagcacccgg gggaaacgtc gatgggtggg gtggaatcta ttttgtggcc 180tcaagggagg gtttgagagg tagtcccgca agcggtgatg gcctaaggaa gcccctccgc 240ccaagaagcg atattcattt ctagcctgta gccacccaag agggagaatc gggctcgcca 300cagaccccac aacccccaac ccaccccacc cccacccctc ccacctcgtg aaatgggctc 360tcgctccgtc aggctctagt cacaccgtgt ggttttggaa cctccagcgt gtgtgcgtgg 420gttgcgtggt ggggtggggc cggctgtgga cagaggaggg gataaagcgg cggtgtcccg 480cgggtgcccg ggacgtgggg cgtggggcgt gggtggggtg gccagagcct tgggaactcg 540tcgcctgtcg ggacgtctcc cctcctggtc ccctctctga cctacgctcc acatcttcgc 600cgttcagtgg ggaccttgtg ggtggaagtc accatccctt tggactttag ccgacgaagg 660ccgggctccc aagagtctcc ccggaggcgg ggccttgggc aggctcacaa ggatgctgac 720ggtgacggtt ggtgacggtg atgtacttcg gaggcctcgg gccaatgcag aggtatccat 780ttgacctcgg tgggacaggt cagctttgcg gagtcccgtg cgtccttcca gagactcatc 840cagcgctagc aagcatggtc ccgagg 866602067DNAArtificial sequencesequence of STAR60 60agcagtgcag aactggggaa gaagaagagt ccctacacca cttaatactc aaaagtactc 60gcaaaaaata acacccctca ccaggtggca tnattactct ccttcattga gaaaattagg 120aaactggact tcgtagaagc taattgcttt atccagagcc acctgcatac aaacctgcag 180cgccacctgc atacaaacct gtcagccgac cccaaagccc tcagtcgcac caagcctctg 240ctgcacaccc tcgtgccttc acactggccg ttccccaagc ctggggcata ctncccagct 300ctgagaaatg tattcatcct tcaaagccct gctcatgtgt cctnntcaac aggaaaatct 360cccatgagat gctctgctat ccccatctct cctgccccat agcttaggca nacttctgtg 420gtggtgagtc ctgggctgtg ctgtgatgtg ttcgcctgcn atgtntgttc ttccccacaa 480tgatgggccc ctgaattctc tatctctagc acctgtgctc agtaaaggct tgggaaacca 540ggctcaaagc ctggcccaga tgccaccttt tccagggtgc ttccgggggc caccaaccag 600agtgcagcct tctcctccac caggaactct tgcagcccca cccctgagca cctgcacccc 660attacccatc tttgtttctc cgtgtgatcg tattattaca gaattatata ctgtattctt 720aatacagtat ataattgtat aattattctt aatacagtat ataattatac aaatacaaaa 780tatgtgttaa tggaccgttt atgttactgg taaagcttta agtcaacagt gggacattag 840ttaggttttt ggcgaagtca aaagttatat gtgcattttc aacttcttga ggggtcggta 900cntctnaccc ccatgttgtt caanggtcaa ctgtctacac atatcatagc taattcacta 960cagaaatgtt agcttgtgtc actagtatct ccccttctca taagcttaat acacatacct 1020tgagagagct cttggccatc tctactaatg actgaagttt ttatttatta tagatgtcat 1080aataggcata aaactacatt acatcattcg agtgccaatt ttgccacctt gaccctcttt 1140tgcaaaacac caacgtcagt acacatatga agaggaaact gcccgagaac tgaagttcct 1200gagaccagga gctgcaggcg ttagatagaa tatggtgacg agagttacga ggatgacgag 1260agtaaatact tcatactcag tacgtgccaa gcactgctat aagcgctctg tatgtgtgaa 1320gtcatttaat cctcacagca tcccacggtg taattatttt cattatcccc atgagggaac 1380agaaactcag aacggttcaa cacatatgcg agaagtcgca gccggtcagt gagagagcag 1440gttcccgtcc aagcagtcag accccgagtg cacactctcg acccctgtcc agcagactca 1500ctcgtcataa ggcggggagt gntctgtttc agccagatgc tttatgcatc tcagagtacc 1560caaaccatga aagaatgagg cagtattcan gagcagatgg ngctgggcag taaggctggg 1620cttcagaata gctggaaagc tcaagtnatg ggacctgcaa gaaaaatcca ttgtttngat 1680aaatagccaa agtccctagg ctgtaagggg aaggtgtgcc aggtgcaagt ggagctctaa 1740tgtaaaatcg cacctgagtc tcctggtctt atgagtnctg ggtgtacccc agtgaaaggt 1800cctgctgcca ccaagtgggc catggttcag ctgtgtaagt gctgagcggc agccggaccg 1860cttcctctaa cttcacctcc aaaggcacag tgcacctggt tcctccagca ctcagctgcg 1920aggcccctag ccagggtccc ggcccccggc ccccggcagc tgctccagct tccttcccca 1980cagcattcag gatggtctgc gttcatgtag acctttgttt tcagtctgtg ctccgaggtc 2040actggcagca ctagccccgg ctcctgt 2067611470DNAArtificial sequencesequence of STAR61 61cagcccccac atgcccagcc ctgtgctcag ctctgcagcg gggcatggtg ggcagagaca 60cagaggccaa ggccctgctt cggggacggt gggcctggga tgagcatggc cttggccttc 120gccgagagtn ctcttgtgaa ggaggggtca ggaggggctg ctgcagctgg ggaggagggc 180gatggcactg tggcangaag tgaantagtg tgggtgcctn gcaccccagg cacggccagc 240ctggggtatg gacccggggc cntctgttct agagcaggaa ggtatggtga ggacctcaaa 300aggacagcca ctggagagct ccaggcagag gnacttgaga ggccctgggg ccatcctgtc 360tcttttctgg gtctgtgtgc tctgggcctg ggcccttcct ctgctccccc gggcttggag 420agggctggcc ttgcctcgtg caaaggacca ctctagactg gtaccaagtc tggcccatgg 480cctcctgtgg gtgcaggcct gtgcgggtga cctgagagcc agggctggca ggtcagagtc 540aggagaggga tggcagtgga tgccctgtgc aggatctgcc taatcatggt gaggctggag 600gaatccaaag tgggcatgca ctctgcactc atttctttat tcatgtgtgc ccatcccaac 660aagcagggag cctggccagg agggcccctg ggagaaggca ctgatgggct gtgttccatt 720taggaaggat ggacggttgt gagacgggta agtcagaacg ggctgcccac ctcggccgag 780agggccccgt ggtgggttgg caccatctgg gcctggagag ctgctcagga ggctctctag 840ggctgggtga ccaggnctgg ggtacagtag ccatgggagc aggtgcttac ctggggctgt 900ccctgagcag gggctgcatt gggtgctctg tgagcacaca cttctctatt cacctgagtc 960ccnctgagtg atgagnacac ccttgttttg cagatgaatc tgagcatgga gatgttaagt 1020ggcttgcctg agccacacag cagatggatg gtgtagctgg gacctgaggg caggcagtcc 1080cagcccgagg acttcccaag gttgtggcaa actctgacag catgacccca gggaacaccc 1140atctcagctc tggtcagaca ctgcggagtt gtgttgtaac ccacacagct ggagacagcc 1200accctagccc cacccttatc ctctcccaaa ggaacctgcc ctttcccttc attttcctct 1260tactgcattg agggaccaca cagtgtggca gaaggaacat gggttcagga cccagatgga 1320cttgcttcac agtgcagccc tcctgtcctc ttgcagagtg cgtcttccac tgtgaagttg 1380ggacagtcac accaactcaa tactgctggg cccgtcacac ggtgggcagg caacggatgg 1440cagtcactgg ctgtgggtct gcagaggtgg 1470621011DNAArtificial sequencesequence of STAR62 62agtgtcaaat agatctacac aaaacaagat aatgtctgcc catttttcca aagataatgt 60ggtgaagtgg gtagagagaa atgcatccat tctccccacc caacctctgc taaattgtcc 120atgtcacagt actgagacca gggggcttat tcccagcggg cagaatgtgc accaagcacc 180tcttgtctca atttgcagtc taggccctgc tatttgatgg tgtgaaggct tgcacctggc 240atggaaggtc cgttttgtac ttcttgcttt agcagttcaa agagcaggga gagctgcgag 300ggcctctgca gcttcagatg gatgtggtca gcttgttgga ggcgccttct gtggtccatt 360atctccagcc cccctgcggt gttgctgttt gcttggcttg tctggctctc catgccttgt 420tggctccaaa atgtcatcat gctgcacccc aggaagaatg tgcaggccca tctcttttat 480gtgctttggg ctattttgat tccccgttgg gtatattccc taggtaagac ccagaagaca 540caggaggtag ttgctttggg agagtttgga cctatgggta tgaggtaata gacacagtat 600cttctctttc atttggtgag actgttagct ctggccgcgg actgaattcc acacagctca 660cttgggaaaa ctttattcca aaacatagtc acattgaaca ttgtggagaa tgagggacag 720agaagaggcc ctagatttgt acatctgggt gttatgtcta taaatagaat gctttggtgg 780tcaactagac ttgttcatgt tgacatttag tcttgccttt tcggtggtga tttaaaaatt 840atgtatatct tgtttggaat atagtggagc tatggtgtgg cattttcatc tggctttttg 900tttagctcag cccgtcctgt tatgggcagc cttgaagctc agtagctaat gaagaggtat 960cctcactccc tccagagagc ggtcccctca cggctcattg agagtttgtc a 1011631410DNAArtificial sequencesequence of STAR63 63gcgtctgagc cgctgggaac ccatgagccc cgtccatgga gttgaggaag ggggttcgcc 60ccacggggtg ggcgccctct acacagcgcg cttcctcttc tctcgttagc gccgcgggac 120cagcctctgg ttctgcacct cgcgctctgg gagcagcgcc cggctttggc gagcgcttcc 180ccggggctgc ccagcctctg ctccgctcgc cccgccaggc ccggctccgc gaagccccca 240gggtccagtc caaggccccg attccccaag gccagggccc cggggcagca ttggaacagg 300gcgcggacgc cagtcctccg agcatggagt aactgcagct tttgagaaaa gaaagcggac 360cccaccccat cgagaacgcg gcgccttgtt tagggacgtt cctgggccgt cacggagtgt 420cgccggctcc tcggcccctc cctcctccaa gcccccaccc ccgacagcgg cctccctggg 480gacctcccct cgggctgcgc tttcagccca aacacaggga ggtcttccag gagcctgccc 540agtccccaca gcagcccaga gacccccact cccacctgta cctgccaagc cttcagagag 600ggcggcctgg acatgccccg cacgggagga gccccgcctc agcacccctg caagtggcag 660caacccagaa cacccgtgag aggcctctga gcagcccagg aagtggctgg aagacgcata 720ggcagctcac tcctctgtaa gagcaaggac cggagaacac atgctgaccc ctgcttttgc 780agaggggcga tgcttcagga caggcgcgct cagcaggtgt ccatcttatt tcacaccttt 840gtgtttatat catcttattt tgcattttat gtctaattaa caatatgcag ctggccaggc 900gcagtggctc aagcctctaa tcccagcact ttgggaggcc gaggcaggtg tatcacttga 960gggcaggagt tcgggaccgg cctgggcaac atagcaaaac cccattgcta ataaaaatac 1020aaaaattagc cagccatggt ggcgggcacc tgcagtccca gctactccgg aagctgaagc 1080aggagaatca cttgaaccca ggaggcggag gtggcagtga gctatcaagc cattacactc 1140cagcctgggc aacagagaaa gactgtctca aaaaaaaatt aatacgcagc agaatattat 1200gtggtcagcc caagcagtcc cccccactca gccctctgtc cctacagctc caggcactcc 1260cccagcccct cccctggaca agaggtaatg cccagagggt gaaaatccac caaggttaag 1320ccagaaacaa aaagctcaaa gcttcggcat ctccctccgc tcagaccctt agagcagatt 1380cctctcatcg acagcacgat caggctgtgg 1410641414DNAArtificial sequencesequence of STAR64 64agagatcttt taagggctca aaagaccctg cggctcccct gccaatagct ctgccatcgt 60ccccagagct ttcgaggacc ctccaccatc ggcgccaacc ccagctgagc tgggtgctcg 120tctgcaggcc tctgctccat ctcagcctga gcatgaggct ctgctgtgct gcttccagca 180gcagggacag ggctgatgag cctggccctt gcaagcatct tcctgtgccg aatacaattc 240cacagacaga ggatttaaaa tccaagtgga ggtgacagga aagaaaggaa aacctccagg 300tatcagaaga aaggaggggg tgtgaagaca gtatgggagg aaggtcaggc tggggctcag 360ctctgggaag tgccagcctg aacaggagtc acgcccgggt ccacatgcaa gggaatgagg 420accgaggccc tgcatgtggc agggccttcc gcaggctgcc ccgtctgtga acaggacacc 480agaagaagtc tgccttccag cctggcaaag tggcaaggaa cctctgggtg ggaaaacaaa 540tcaacaaaca aattgtcagt aaaaaacaga aacctcacac tttcctttct cttgacctct 600tgaaaaaagc aaatccactg cagctcacca aaggcaaaga gaaaacctta agaataccca 660gagagaaaag acacgttact tgcaaaagaa catctaatgc agggagataa tgaaaataca 720gactcttcaa agggctgaag gaaaaaaacc gtccacctag aattctatcc ccaaactgtc 780atctgagagc aagggcaaaa caaacgcttt ctcagacagg ctggacgagg tcgctcacgc 840ctgtaatcct agcactttgg gaggccaagg tgggaggacc gctttaagcc agaagtttga 900gaccagtgtg ggtaacataa tgagacccca tctctaagaa aaagaaatta aataagacaa 960gactttttca gacaacaagt gctctgagag ctggcctatc ttggctgtct tgtaaagaat 1020tgctgcgaga cacctcatta ggaaagagac tgaatctaga aggaaagagc agagcatgag 1080gtacaatgag gagcaaataa acaggtcacc atataagcaa acccaaatac acattcacta 1140tacgaaacaa taaaaatgac tcatttgggg ggttaaaaca ctgttgaact aaaatcctgg 1200ataacagcag catgaaaggt ggggtggtgg tcccaggaaa gcattcaaag gtccatgtct 1260catttgggag gagggtaggg agactcatga acttgaggct cccttcaggc aagcacagtg 1320caaaaaaatt ataataatgg gaaacagata cagtagactg tgatgtacaa ctctcagagc 1380agtagaaggg agggtataaa acaaatctga tcca 1414651310DNAArtificial sequencesequence of STAR65 65tcgagaccag cctggccaac atggtgaaac attgtctcta ttacaaatac aaaaattagc 60caggtgtagt ggtgcatgcc tgcagtccca gccatttggg aggctgaagt tggagaatcg 120cttaaacctg ggaggtggag gttgcattga gccgagaagc actccagcct ggatgacgga 180gcaagactgt ctcaaaaaga aaaaaaaaag aagcagcagc aaatatccct gtcctgatgg 240aggctatata acaaccaaac aagtgaatgc ataagacaat ttcaaggtta tggtagatac 300cataagtggg agatgaacaa tgagaacaca tggacacagg gaggagaaca tcacacactg 360gggcctctcg gggggtgggg aaataggggg tgatagcatt aggagaaata cctaatgtcg 420ataacaggtt
agtgggtgca gcaaaccacc atggcacgtg tatatctatg taacacacct 480gcacgttctg cacatgtatc ccagaactta aagtataata aaaaaagaca ttaaaaaatt 540atgatataaa atcccaattc aagttgtttt aaaaagagaa aacaattatc tttatataat 600agcggaaaat atagatggcg gaattaaagc ctcgtcatat tttctaacag aactttctga 660taaacttgat taaataaaaa ttttaaatat cactaaacac atagaagaaa taaatttaaa 720ccttcacaaa aaataaagta caatgaatga agacaaggtg tacttgaaaa aagaactgaa 780taaatattct acatataaaa aaaatctgat gatattgtgg tgattcttta ctttgctact 840agtttctctt tttttcttct gaaaaatttc ttgggatgta tttggtttca ttagtaaaat 900tctaagtttc tttgcaatct gaacattgga gcttcatcca tagccagtat gccctaacat 960tatctttgga caactgtaaa attagaacac tgccagacat atttaatgta tgatgtatat 1020caacactggg acacatttta tactatcttt attccaaaat caaatgattc actgtggttt 1080ataaatgtac atggatatat ctctacctaa gcagatagtt aggagagtta gtaaaaatga 1140ggtggaaaat aggagtcact gtcccttcac agggagagaa ttctgctttt ctcctaatat 1200accctttgct tgaacagact ccaacccctc atcttttgtc ctttaaatga ccacatttat 1260tttaactttg ataaacaaca cagaaagata tttgatccat caacattcac 1310662500DNAArtificial sequencesequence of T2F (STAR66F) 66gcaggttgga tggtgctgac ccctcctcgg gttggcttcc tgtctccagg tggacgtcct 60gtactccagg gtctgcaagc ctaaaaggag ggacccagga cccaccacag acccgctgga 120ccccaagggc cagggagcga ttctggccct ggcgggtgac ctggcctacc agaccctccc 180gctcagggcc ctggatgtgg acagcggccc cctggaaaac gtgtatgaga gcatccggga 240gctgggggac cctgctggca ggagcagcac gtgcggggct gggacgcccc ctgcttccag 300ctgccccagc ctagggaggg gctggagacc cctccctgcc tccctgccct gaacactcaa 360ggacctgtgc tccttcctcc agagtgaggc ccgtcccccg ccccgccccg cctcacagct 420gacagcgcca gtcccaggtc cccgggctgc cagcccgtga ggtccgtgag gtcctggccg 480ctctgacagc cgcggcctcc ccgggctcca gagaaggccc gcgtctaaat aaagcgccag 540cgcaggatga aagcggccag cctcgcagcc tgctcttctt gaaagctggg cgggttgggg 600cggggggctt ctctggaagg cttggagctg tcccctctgg ccttggggga ctggctgccc 660ccggggcgcc cgggcctagc cgaggcggtg ctcctgccgg ccagactctc ggtcagtgcg 720ggcacggggt cccagccact cctagggggc agcgcagccg gcagggtggc cgcccccggg 780tgggacttgg accctggact ccacgggagg gctccgccac ccagcctggt gttacataag 840gggtggtgga ggtgggcagt cgagcgttaa agagtaacct gctgccggga agcccgccaa 900gcaatcgcgg ccccttcccc ggctctggca gctctgcgag cgcgcccgtg gggaacgggc 960cctccccggc ggggcgcgcg ggcgcgcgag gtgggcggag gcctcggagc tgtgccgggc 1020cgggcctccc tccctaggcc agcgcgggag cgacccggag ggggcgggcc cggggcgggg 1080cctcgaagcg ctggccggcg ggagcgcggc cggccgggcc cgcccgcctg cggtgtggac 1140gccgcgcggc caatgcgcgc gccgggacgg gacgggacgg ggcggggcgg ggcgggacga 1200gacggggcgg ggcggggcgg gccgggcagc ctccgggcgg cgcggcgcgg gcggcggccg 1260gatccagggc gggggtcggc ggcccggcca gcccggcccg gcccggggcc gcgtcctgag 1320agtcagccct cgccgctgca gcctcggcgc ccggccggcc ggccatggag cgccccccgc 1380cccgcgccgc cggccgggac cccagtgcgc tgcgggccga ggcgccgtgg ctgcgcgcgg 1440agggtccggg gccgcgcgcc gcgcccgtga cggtgcccac gccgccgcag gtaccgggcg 1500ccggtgggcg ggggcgccga ccaagtttct ctcgctgcaa agatggcgtc agtgctgccc 1560aaacttcggg cccccggggg cggggcagcg gggagggcgg ccgcgtcggt ccgcgcgtgt 1620ccgtgggtcc cgccggggct gcgccgggcg gccggggagc ccttcccgcc gcgccgggct 1680gggggcgggg ccgggggcgg ggccgcgccg tccacaccgg ccgcagccgg ttttcgaggc 1740gggcgccgag cggatccgcg gcggaggttg agggaccccc ctcccccggc caccgcctcc 1800gctgagtctg ccccctcccc atccgcaggg ctcttccgtg ggcggcggct tcgcgggctt 1860ggagttcgcg cggccgcagg agtcggagcc gcgggcctcg gacctggggg ccccccggac 1920gtggacgggg gcggcggcgg ggccccggac tccgtcggcg cacatccccg tcccagcgca 1980gaggtgagcg ggaggcccgg tgcctcggga ctcggtgtgc gcaggggcgg tgggtggggt 2040gcggagacac cggccccgac ggaggccagg tcagggcccc aggtttgtaa ttaccagcca 2100cccccaagct cttcagccct ggaggagctg agcagaaatg atcgatgact gggagtccct 2160acacctccct ccaccgcagt tcctcggggc tagagctcag aacccggagc gggtggctgt 2220gcgtctctgt gcagaagagg ctgcgcggtc ggcatggggc gactgtccag gaatccctgg 2280ggctcctgac cgccacctcc caacccctgc caggccggac acctcggtct ggctgccagg 2340gcaggggcgg gccctggcct ggctcgctgg ggcctgggga gctgcccgtg cttccagccc 2400agtctccccc tggctgctgc cggctgctgg ccactcccac ctcccaggcc tggcgtgagg 2460cccacagctg ctgttgcaca accctggtta atgtgtgatg 2500672500DNAArtificial sequencesequence of T2R (STAR66R) 67gtttggggta gagagaacat actgattatg ggactttgct ttgcagctta gtgctgtcct 60gtcagtggga agcaacaggg ggcagaactc agcttgtgcc catagaggga atgtttatac 120taggcctgtc cagaggcaaa tcatccatcc tagcaattgg aacctgactt ttggcaagtc 180ctgccaccat gggctaaagt gttctggggt tctaaataaa catgaaaggc aacctagacc 240acaaggactg caattcctgc acaagtcctg gtgctgtgtt gggcttggag ccagggaact 300tggagtgcat ggaacctagt gagataccag ctgagacaac caaggaagtg cttgtgtcac 360ccctccacca accccaggca gtacagattg tacctccaag accccttcca tctgcttgag 420gaaggtggag gggaagagga ctttgttttg caacttggat tccagcccat ccacagtaga 480ataaggcaac gggcagactc ctaaggcccc catcccagac cctagctcct ggatgacatt 540tctaaacaca ccatgggcca gaagggaacc cattgccttg aagggaaggg cccagtcctg 600gcagaattta tcatgtgctg aataaacagc ccttgggccc tgaataatta gtattggtag 660ccaggcagta tttaccacag gccttgggtg agacccagag ccatgttggc ttcaggtgtg 720acccagcaca ttcccagctg tggtaacttt ggggagagac cacttctgct tgagaaaagg 780agacagaaga gtaaaggggt ctttatcttg cagcctggta ccagcttggc cgcagtgggg 840tagagcacca agagagcacc tgggataaac aaaatcaaaa aacctttagc tagactaaga 900gtaaagagag aagacccaag taaatataat caaagacaaa aaaggagaga cattacaacc 960aatacctcag aaattcaaag tatcattagc agctactttg aacaactata tgccagtaaa 1020ttggaaaacc tagaagaatt atataaattc ctaacatata caacctacca agattgaacc 1080atgaagaaat ttaaagcctg aataggccaa taacaagcaa tgagattgga gccctaatac 1140aaagtttaca atgagaaaca ttgctcaaac aaatcataga tgacacaaac aaatggaaaa 1200catccaatgc tcatggacag gaaaaaatat ttaaatttct atactgccca aagcagttta 1260tacattcaat gctattcctg tcaaaatacc aatcttattc ttcacaaaaa aaaaattaaa 1320aattacacag aaccaaaaaa gagcccaaat acccaaggca attttaagca aaaagaacaa 1380agctggaggc atcacgttac ctgtgatcca cactataggg ctacagtaaa tgaaacagca 1440aggtgctggt atacaaacag acacataaac caatggaata gaataaagag cttagaaata 1500atgctccaca cctccagcca tccgatgttt gagaaagtag acataaacaa gcaatgagga 1560gaggactccc tattcattaa atcaactcaa gacggaccaa aaacctaaat gtaaaacaaa 1620caaacaaaaa aaataactgc taaaaccctg ggagatgacc taggaaatac cattctggac 1680agtacctggt gaaaatttca tgctgaagac accaaaaaca attgcagcaa aagaaaaaat 1740tgacatatgg gatcaaatta aactttagag cttttgcaca gcaaaataaa ctatcaacag 1800agtaaatagg caccctacag gaagggagaa aatattttca atctgtgctc tgacaaagtc 1860ctaatatcca gagcctataa ggaacttaaa caaatttaca aacaaaaaac aaacaacact 1920attacgagtt ggaaaaggac atgaatcgac acttttcaaa agaagacata catgtggcta 1980acaagcatat gaaaaaaatg ctcaacatta ctaatcatta gagaaatgca aatcaaaacc 2040acaatgagat accatctcaa ccagtctgaa tggctgttat taaaaaaatc agaaaaaaac 2100agatgctggc aaggttgtgg agaaaaggaa acacttatac attgttgggg ggagtgtaaa 2160ttaattcagc cattgtggaa agtattgtgg tgattttcta aagaactaaa aaggaattac 2220tattttacct ggaaatttca ttattgggta tatacccaaa gaaatatgaa ttattttact 2280ataaagacag atgcatgcat gtgttcattg tagcactatt cacagtagca aagacatgtt 2340atcaacctaa atgcccatta acagtaaact ggataaggaa aatatggtac atatacactg 2400tggaatacta tgcagtcata aaaagaatga gataatgttc attgcagcaa catggatgga 2460actggagacc attatccttg ggaaactaac aaagcaacag 2500682501DNAArtificial sequencesequence of T3F 68agatttgccc tcaagattac aactgctggg gctaaagtgg tacagagcct gagttcagta 60ggcttccata gtctcactca agaatgcaag tttacctctc aatctttcaa tcatcacaat 120tataacaact ttaaaaagag ccaacatgat atttgcttat cacttttcta ctcacattcc 180agtattaact caaaagtgtc aacacaacct tcgtgataaa tactattaac gtcatcattc 240ctactgtaca gatgatgata gtgacacata ggttaagttg cccaaggtct tattattaag 300ggtcatagcc aggatttgat ctcttcagta aagttctagt caatgctctt aaccattaag 360ccatgcaaca cacccagagc caactgggtt gtgttgatga ttataatatt tgttttaaca 420aacaataatt tttcctaaat ataatataga ttttccataa ataccataaa ttcttgatta 480tttatttcac tttattccaa aaggaagttg aattctgaga tttaaatgaa tagcaaacaa 540cagttgctta atttcactac ttttgtcact tgtagccagt acttaaaaag agatacataa 600tttatttttg ttgatttgca tttcacatat aattgtaaga tcctggagaa taaagactat 660atgtgttata ccattttact ctctcacaca gtgtgtaggc ctaggctttg tgcatagcaa 720gtgttaaaaa gtaatgtgac tcgtgatagt tattagattt attgaaattc agaaatttag 780ggaaatgcac aataaaatgt acattttgtg attccggtca aattacttaa aaattatatt 840tttcctatga ataattttta tttcacttaa attatgtata acaaaataac atgcataatt 900aaacatttac cacaaagaaa atatttgtac tattgttatc acaataaaga acttgctaca 960taaattcaat tacacttttg tggaaagtat cttcattata taaaaacaat ctacatttag 1020aataggaaaa ttgtacaaaa catgaaaata taaacaaatt aagcgagaat tatctaaaaa 1080gcaactcttc agaatttaga agaattgtct agaataaaaa gaatttagaa gaattatcta 1140agaaacaacc ataaatattc tgatgtattt aagactcata ttctagaatc ctgactatta 1200ttttttatac ttctatggct aatctcaagt ttagctttat ttttctaaag caatgaggcc 1260tgtagaatat tttttcagaa ttctctgagg ttttttcttt tttgtctttc ctgtcatagt 1320atgccaatta ttcatgggtt tatagaatat gtatgcactg ctaagagcag caaaacaaaa 1380gatatatgtg ctatttatta attcatgttg ctttatttaa attacttgaa aatgataaag 1440aaaaaactat tgtatttaca acagcaacca aatatagact acctgtaact acatctaaca 1500gaataaataa aatataacat acaatatgta gtaaatatat ttataatata tatgttcact 1560aaatagttaa cctgtaactt acttacagta aatatatata atatctactg agatagtacc 1620acattttatt aaggattaaa cttttaataa ttcagaagaa taaatataat aaatttcatt 1680tgttctcaaa ctaatttgtt tttatttgtt tgttttttgt attttaattt gacagtagtt 1740ccaagatatt ttggggtata taatgaggtg ataattgcaa agaaaattct gaaaaggaaa 1800agactaagcg tgaattgaaa gtaaaattcg ttaaaaggta taataaactg tgatactgta 1860acaataattg aaaatagata aagaaaaagg taacatcaat aaatagtcta ttatatatgt 1920gaattatgtt aataaaagtg acattttatt ttcaatccac aatttctgaa atatatatgg 1980caatattttt ctgttttatt ttttcaacct ctgattactt tattacattt ttttcttttt 2040ctagaattta cttgtatttt ctctgtgtct aatatatgat tatttctgaa ctagcatcat 2100tggtcctgga accagactat attattccca aggtagagca tcaaaatata acaattaaat 2160aaatactttt agttacttta acaacctttt gtctttcatt ataattttgg aattatagtt 2220tagtacaata cagatagttt taatatctgt tagagtgaag atatatatat atgtgtgtgt 2280gtttttgaga tggagtctca ctctgttgcc caggctggag tacagtggtg ccatctcggc 2340tcacggcaac ctctgcgtcc caggttcaag caattctcct gcctcagcct cccgggtagc 2400tgggactaca ggcgagtgtc accacgcctg gctaattttt tgtattttta gtagagacag 2460ggtttcacca tattagccag gatggtctcg gtctcctgac t 2501692511DNAArtificial sequencesequence of T3R 69cttttggtgc cctgtccctt ataatttcct cgtgtgtcct ttcccatttg cttatccgat 60gacttgcttc tctcacccat tggattgtga gcctcttgtg gtcaggggca gtgctctgta 120agctgctgtg tccccagaat ctggcccagt gtaggcactc agcagctata gactgatgtt 180aagagaaaat gcacatttca tctcagcctc agagcagttc tgggaaacag ataggaaacc 240aaagctctgc aagaacgtgg gactctctca gggccatcac aacactgttg ttggtctcat 300gtttggtgac tgggtctcct attcctggtc tctttcctag gcataatgct tttatataaa 360gtcccttcca ttgttttttt gtttgttttc ttttttcagc ctaaataact tagtttctct 420aaacttttct cccagggact cttttttaac cctttgaatt attgctgatt attatcttaa 480taacttttat tttttttcca ttttgcatgt catattttag caaagcatta aaaggaacac 540ggcacaaagc acacccatat ttttggatgc tgtggatttc atcatgctgc ttattccatt 600atatctagtc agtacctcca aggcattaat gctgccttac ctccttcatt cgaagacttc 660cctgtgcaag gtggaatata cgtaaggagg caaacagact gggttatatg cctgctctgc 720tttacagagg cctcttccag gagtgtaata cgggggttgc tcatactctg aagaagatag 780tggcaggcta ttactgtcat gagagccaga acgtggctgg cttcttacag acatggcttc 840ataggggcat gccacgtgat tcctgagtaa gccttctggt gtgaattccc tgctcactgg 900ggtgattctt cacttcccac agttcaacct gctgtattat cctcttacct atgcttttct 960gtgatccata gaggtaattt aattttcagt ccatgtacct accctgccta cttagtttct 1020tctcagtgcc acacttaatt ccttcacatt tactgattaa ttaaatgaga agactatgcc 1080aggtgaaggt tcagcatctt cagaactcta catgatgcat tccctgaggc tgcctttcaa 1140taactgaggt gatattcttt gagcagtgtg acctgttaga ggtgcccagt caggtccgat 1200gaaaagccct ctgatttgtt gaaatagtgc attagtaaag tattatagtt tattttcaca 1260aagctagatt agttgttaca tgttggtttt tgttttgcct agccctaaca agtatggagg 1320tgaccttgat gtgtctatag aatatcagga atatctggct gggtgggtgg ctcacacctg 1380taatcccaac aatttgggag gccgaggtgg gcggatcacc tgaggtcagg agtttgagag 1440aggcctggcc aacatggtga acccccgtct ctactaaaaa tacaaaaatt agccaggtgt 1500ggtggcaggt gcctgcaatc tcagctactc cggaggctga tgcaggggaa tcacttgaac 1560ccgggaggta gaggttgcag tgagccaaga ttgtgccact gcactccagc ctgggcaaca 1620gagcgagatt ctgcctcaaa aaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaga atatcaggaa 1680tatccatttt atgtctcaac tcacatacct cacagttttc tggtccaatt tttaggcact 1740ttatcaggcc ctcatatgtt ttcaaaaata attgctaatg actttgatga agctaggcaa 1800gatatttttt ggttttaggg cagtttgggc tatagtttgc agccttccta ctttaataga 1860agaattttta aactagattc tcccccttct cagggtggct ttctgccttt ccattctagt 1920gcttcacaca gaaatgacaa gctcacaggg gacttatcta gaaaaggccg agataaaaat 1980aagtacaatg ttaaaaaaat ctatcttata gtatcattta tttagagctt cctctccttt 2040tctaatgaaa ggctgctgta gtttcctttt gtgctttttt tgctgaaggc ttttcagtaa 2100tattcccgtg tgtcccctgt gatgctaaaa gcatgagctt gggggcaggt tgactggcat 2160tcaggtcttt gctcagcctc cagccgcaag acaaggcgaa taatattgat ctcatggagc 2220tgaaatgaaa attaactttt ctaatctgtg aaaatgcttt gttataatcc ttaaatacat 2280gaatacatag gttgaaatag caagtaccaa gtgctgacat tatgtccaca attgccacat 2340gccatgtcct tatgattttt gccagatgtt taataagatt ataaatgaat aggttattaa 2400atgggcatct cctactctct aggtgtttct gtttctgctt ctctgttttc tgtttgtatc 2460tccatttatt ttaatgccta ccattatgtg aagtctgcca ccttcctata c 2511701500DNAArtificial sequencesequence of T5F 70gaactcaata ggggtcttgt acggagcagg ggcttggtcc ctcgtacctc tggccatacc 60tatggagccc aggggatgct tggcagcacc tgggaggtgc caaccccggg tggcaaggga 120gggccggtcc cacgctcaca ttgtcttctg ttctctctct ctctttatct gtgtcgatgt 180ctctctctct tcccccgtgc ccgtgccatc ctctccaccc ctggattcct gtctctgctt 240ggctttcacc cacttctcct ccccacccac ggctgctcct cctcctgtcc ccacctcctc 300cccgggtgca ggacgggcct cttcacacct gacctcgctt ttgaagccac agtgaaaaag 360caggtgcaga agctcaaaga gcccagtatc aagtgtgtgg atatggtagt cagtgagctc 420acagccacca tcagaaagtg tagcgaaaag gtatgacggc cgcctgggcg gggctgggcc 480tggccgtcca ttccttgtgg ccacagcctc ccgtgggcag aaggatctgc tgagccggcc 540tcacggctac ccgcagggac ccagccctag tgtttcctgc cagtttctaa ccctgggtac 600ttgcactcat gacccctcca ggcccccatc ccagaagact tgactccaac ccaagcctcc 660ttggtggcac ctatgctagt gatgaagatg atgttaagga gatggcagct gtttactgag 720cacctactat gtgccaagca cacgctaagt gcttgccctt actatctgac tcagtcctct 780caaccaccct aagacgtggg tagtgttgtt attcccattt tgcagatggc aaaacagagt 840ctcagaaaag agaagcagag tgtgattcag ttttaggaag gacagaggaa ggggtctgag 900gtcagggcct cctgggcagg gggagctgtc ctagttcctc aaaaccaatt tgcctgaaag 960catattggat tactcacttt acagtaatcc gtgcgtgaga gacaggggcg gtctcttttg 1020agttgtctgt gactttttag atgccttttt cctatttgtc tgcttttggg cattttgagg 1080atttttagcc aggttgtcta aagcagttct tcccagggga gtgcgagaga atcagttgcc 1140tgcaggagct tctccagcag gctaaatcag aggtgccagg ggtgagccca gcctcaccta 1200tatctgaagg acttccctat gctggtgggt ggaggcacat ccaccttagc attgagtttc 1260aaataagcat caatcatctc cattcctttt tttttttttt tttttttttg agatggaatc 1320ttgctctgtc gcccaggctg gagtgcagtg gcaccatctt ggctcactgc aacctctgcc 1380tcctgggttc aagtattctc ctgcctcagc ctcccgggtg gctgggatta ctagcatgta 1440ccaccacacc tggctaattt ttgtattttt agtagagatg gggttttgcc acgttggcca 1500711500DNAArtificial sequencesequence of T5R 71gattacaggc gtgagccacc acacctggcc cagtggggtc cttctaaaat gcaaagctga 60tcatgtctct tcttccaggc ttaaagccct cccatggctt cctgcagccc tggtgcacgc 120cttacgccaa gcctgaaaac actctgcaca cccacccctt ccctgcacaa acgggcctct 180gcacactacc tgccccggcc atgcccccgc aaccagccct ctctgcttat ctaccttggc 240cttctctctg gtcaagcccc aggcccgtcc ctgcccctag gccttcactt agagcctcag 300aagcacttct tgcaggaagc cctccagact ccagaatggg tccagaacct acttcctttt 360cgtggcattt ctgtattctt tttttttttc ttccatagag ccagggtctc actgtgtttc 420ctaggctagt ctcgaactcc tgggctcaac tgatcctcct gccttggcct tccatagtgc 480tgggattaca ggcatgagtc attgcacccg gcctccacag tcttaattaa ttggttggag 540cattatttgc attaatatct ctcaccaccc tccccattcc tgtccaagac ctcagggagg 600gccaggccag atgtatcatc tgcaccaggg agtcccctgc aggggcttcc agatgtctgc 660taaatgaaca cacagctctc tctggccagt ccaaggcacc ccaggaggcc accagaagcc 720tgcagcctcc ctccctccct cctgctaagc ccaaggaatg agcactgagc agggaatggt 780aatctggaca catccatact ctgcccttca gaaactacct agctgtcacc ctgcacgaaa 840caggcaccag cctgagagtc aggaggcctg ggctctgggt ccacctagac agctgtgggg 900cgcaggacca accgcacccc aatctctaag cctgggtttt tccatacgta aaaaaatgag 960ggcagggcgg gttagacact agaccagatc tgtgatgaca ggcccgttgg aaggctggag 1020gcggggcccc tcgctgaagg aaaatgcctt acctccagaa gtggcccgcc ctggagtggc 1080cagcaaaggg ggcattgccc ctgcgctgga atacacccag aagcagggtg tgagcaggag 1140ctgcggagac cttcagggac aggacagtct agggaggggg tgagcccttt gcagatctcc 1200tgcttatgcc aggagaaagg taaacacctc tcaaacacac aaggagccag ggggctgtgg 1260gctggaacct atagccggca acagcgtata gcttaggatt ttatagcatt gttctaccct 1320agttatgttt cctatacttt tgtttgtttg tttgtttgtt tgtttgtttg tttgaaatgg 1380agtctcactc tgtcgcccag gctggagtgc aatggcacga tcttggctca ctgcagcctc 1440tgtcttccag gttcaagtga ttctcctact tcagccttcc tgagtagctg gaattacagg 1500721199DNAArtificial sequencesequence of T7 72ccatcttata aatatatcat aatttactga aaaatatttc agtaatgttg aaaggcctct 60gtgccatttc cagcttgagg ctattcctaa aaatccttgc acatgtcttt cagtgcacac 120atgtatacat ttcggttggg tatgcctagg agtggaatga ctggttatag ggtacactta 180cgttgagctt tggtagatac taccaactgc cagttttcca aagttgtacc aatttacatt 240cctaccacca gtacatgagg gttccagatg ctgaacgtcc tcactaatgc ttggtaatgt 300ctgccttttt cattttagtc attctggagg tagtgtgata atatctcatc gtggttattt 360gctttagcct gatgattaac gatcctgacc attttttgga acatttggag atcatctttt 420gtgaagtaac tactcaaata ttttgcccat tttgctactg ggttgttcaa aagattcatt 480aaaagaactt cttttatata tgggtttgta gttgttattt agatattcta gagactagcc 540agatccctat actacaaata ctttctccta ctttgtagtt tgccttttta ctttctttta 600tatacatata atttttcccc ctccaaaaga cagggtcttg ctctgttgcc caggctggag 660tgtagtggtg caatcatagc tcactgcagc cttgaactcc taagctcaag caatcctcct 720tcctcagact ctggagtagt tggaacaata ggcacatggc
attatgcgca gtcaacttta 780aaaaaaaaaa aaattgtaga gatgaggtct tactatgttg ttgcccaggc tgatctttaa 840ctcctggtct aaagcaatcc tcctgcctca gcctccctcc caagtagcta agaatacagg 900tgtgcaccac cacatctagc tttactttct taatggcgtc ttttaatgaa cagataattc 960ctaagtttga tgtagtcaaa tcatcatttt ttcctttata gtcagcattt atatccagtt 1020caagtaaaga atatcatgaa aacattcttc tttgttttct tttagaaact ttcataaagt 1080agcatttaaa atgtgaattt tcctataatc ctagcacttc aggaggctgt gccaccgcac 1140tctagcctgg gcaacagagc gagaccttgt ctcaaaataa aaaattaaaa aaaaaaaat 1199731602DNAArtificial sequencesequence of T9F 73tgagcatctc tgaactattg cgccatgtat ttccaatttt catattgtgt atttgtatat 60tttatatgta atagtatagg tgtaatatgt aaatatattt tatatgtatt taaaatcttt 120atattttgaa gggttttgtt tcaactatta cttgttaatt tcacagtccc tttctttgat 180gttagcaaat agtaccttca tgaacctcag aggacttgga tctgaatgtg caatgccctc 240tagtatttca aataatagtt cagttggtat agtatttttt taatctgcaa aaaacaatac 300ttgctaatat agctatgtta gagtaaacaa taaatcgaga ataaatttat agcctttgaa 360acaaaacaaa ccaaaaattt tactcctttt tggctttcat ccctgcactg gtatcttaac 420ttctgtttgt ataaaagaat accatttttt cacagaagac aaagaacaat cagccaatct 480aataattatt ttatggccat gctctgaaat acaattaaaa ttatgattgt ggacaatatg 540ccttttcggg acctggctga tggtatttct ggtgtgaccc caactttcca gtcagttcag 600ggcaataaac attggataca ggacagcttt ggggatgaaa tagaattaaa tttagtgtag 660tttttgccac ttttagctgg atgcctggcg aggggttttg tgccctctga gagcctccgt 720cttctcaact gaggggtggt tgtgagtttt gggtcaaatg cttggtgttt agtagatgct 780tggagcttcc atgaaacatg caaccacggc gttgctgcta tttgttcaga tgcgagagga 840acatgacttt tggctgcctg agtgttctca tagcatctgg gccttccttg tgagatcgtc 900agaaagtgtt tcctgcacaa agcctgtact gcggccctgg cgtggggctg attgtcccgc 960tactctgctg tgatggctga attcaaagag tggccgatag gagcacgtat ggtgggtgcc 1020ttgttaacag ctcatagcag aaacgtgaca agcgggagag ggctttgggt tgtcctgaac 1080ttcaaacacc tgtaactgct gcgggaagag cggcacgtgg atgaaacgga cacagagggg 1140gaataggcag gaaaggacgc gggctctttt cgaagcagca ggtctcaagg cggccagcca 1200ctggcgcagc tgcagctgaa gccacggcag agtctccatc cttcccacta tctgctgaat 1260cagagaaagt ggcaggcaac atttttagtg ccttaaattt agaacgcttg ctcaaaatca 1320gaccctactt aaaataagga gcgataccct catttcttaa atagtaaaaa tgccctcagc 1380agaattaacg ggagtatctt ccaacttcat atcctgaatg gaaaagtctg tccaccatcc 1440cgaggacgtg tttgaagcgc agtgtgaaaa tccagcacgt cgtggaccgg ccagacccct 1500gtgccgtgag aggcggggcg gcggggccgt ggggcgctcg cactcccgag ctcatcgtgg 1560catgcgctga gccgaaaacc acgaggtaga gggaatgaga tc 1602741602DNAArtificial sequencesequence of T9R 74gagcttgatt gtctggccgc gaaaacaggg caggcccgtg tccaacatga tagtgaccag 60ggagacgacc acatccatgt agggcctggg gagagacagg agggagcggt gggctgaggc 120cagcctaggt ggtggccctg cctgtagtcc tgtggactgg ctgatgccaa cagcctcagg 180tgtgggctcc tgccacccac ctcgcctgcc acatcttgca catccccgag gcaactttcg 240atctgctgca ctcggtcacc cgtactgccc aggcaagggc tgcccatacg cactctggac 300aggctgagtg tcctgccctg tcccccacat aaggctgccg gccatggctt ctgcacctgg 360gtgggatgca gacacgctga cctgcctttc tctgcggggc agtggggatg aacccaggtt 420ggactgtggc cttggccaag tgacctgtat atgaaactgg gacaaagccc atctttggca 480cgtagcctgt ggggtggcag gtgctcaggc tttggtgaca aggtggatgg gatgcccaga 540aagggagagc ccatggctga aggcgtgggc aggattgtgg ggaaggtggt tggaattaga 600tgcccagagc aagaatttat tggcacaggt gggcagacag aggtgaccaa aggacaggtg 660taggtcagca ggtggctgct agcacctacc tcactctctg gaacccgatt cccttcatcc 720taaaggggat ctcagaacgt tccacacacc ccctccgcct ccaccctggc cctcacccag 780gctcaccgca cagccaggta gcctggacac acatctccat gaaccacttg aagggtgtgg 840cctccatctt gccccccatg atcatcacca tctcatccgt cagcttgatg tcgggttccc 900agccgagatt gccgcccggc gagctttcaa acatgaagcc aaagtctgca aaaccccaaa 960gagctgcctg tgactgggta ggagccaggg cgggcaagga cgagtggtct gttttgagga 1020gtggaaaagg actcttcaac aggagcaccc cctccacccc caaaaggcag gttgtgtttt 1080cttggagaca gtgatggggt gggtggtggg gcagcaggca gagaaagaga agggaggaag 1140tggaggaagg agccaagctg gggcactgaa cctggaccag ccccactccg cccagctcca 1200gcttctgact cagagcaatg gcggctctcg ccccagctcc ctggggccgg ggccaggcac 1260cctctacagc agaacagctt ggtggccgac agttcggacc tcagagctgg accctgacac 1320tcctggcagg gtggtcctgg gcattctcct ctctgtgggg tggggatccc tatccacccc 1380tgggtgccgg ggtgaaggga gaggagggtg gcgctgtggc tggctgaccg atgtggatga 1440tatggccctt cttgtccagc ataatgttgc cgttgtgtct gtccttgatc tgcagcagga 1500acagcaggag gctgtaggcg gccatgcttc ggatgaagtt gtagcgggcc tgtgcagaga 1560gcgccctggg ctcaaaaagg ccctggggcc tgtgggcatt ct 1602751301DNAArtificial sequencesequence of T10F 75aatcaaactg gacccttatc ttccaccata tacaaaaatt aatgcaaggt ggattaaaga 60tttaattgta aggcctcaaa ctataaaatc ttaaaaggaa acctaggaaa taccatctgg 120acatcagcct tgggacataa tttataacta agtcctcaaa agcaattgca acaaaaaaca 180aaaactgaca agtgagacct aattaaacta aagaactttt gcacagcaaa agaaactatc 240aacagaataa acagacaacc tacagaatgg gagaaaatac ttgcaaacta tgcatccaac 300aaaggtttaa tatccagaat ccataaggca cttaaacaac tcaacaaaca aaaaacaaat 360aacttcattt aaaaaaagac atgaacagac acttctcaaa agaagacata caagtagaca 420aaaaacatag gaaaaaaata cttaccatca ctaatcatca gaaaaatgca aatctaaacc 480ataatgagat atcatctcac accagtccaa atggccatta ataaaaagac aaaaaacaac 540agaagctggc aaggctgtgg agaaaaagga acacttatac acttttggtg ggaaagtaaa 600ttagttcagc cactgtggaa agcagtttgg agatttctca aagaactaaa aatagaacta 660ccatatgacc caacaattcc attactggtt agatacccag aggaaaataa attgttctac 720aaaaaagaca tgtgcacttg tatgttcatt gcagcactat tcacaatagc aaagacatga 780aatcaaccta ggtgcctgtc agcagtgaat tggataaaga aaatgtggta catatacacc 840atggaatact acacagccat aatagaagaa tgaaatcatg ttctttgcag caacatggat 900ccagctggag gccatcatcc taagcgaatt aacagaggaa caaaaaacca aataccacat 960gtcctcactt gcaaatgaga ggtatatata gacataaaca tgggaacaat ggacactggg 1020gactcctgga ggagggaaag aagtggcagg caaagggttg aaaaactact tattgggtac 1080tatactcact acctgggtaa tccgctagta gggatcattt gttccccaaa cctcagtatc 1140acataatata cccatgtaac aaacctgcac atgtaccccc gaatctaaaa taaaagttgc 1200aattattaaa ataaaataaa aataaagcta gcaatgagcc ctatacatga aaatcaataa 1260aacataatca tggctgtata gaggggcttg tcatttatag c 1301761300DNAArtificial sequencesequence of T10R 76aattttacac acacacacac acacacacac acacacacac acaatatcgc tcagccttaa 60aaacatgcta ctaatcggct ttaagaaaag aagaaaattc tgtcatttct gacaccatgg 120aagaacttca acattacgtt aggtgaacta attcaggtac agaagaatac tacagtatct 180cacttatata tggaatgtaa aaatgttgaa ctcaaaagta gagaatggaa tggtggttac 240caggccttga gagagagggg taaaggttgg tcaaaagatg caaaatttca gttaagagga 300aggagtacaa gagatttatt gtacatcatg gtgactataa ttgataacaa tgtgcttttt 360tcttgacaat tgctaagagt agaatttgtt tatgggcacc aagcttgatt ccaagtcttt 420gctattgtga atagtgctgc catgaacatg caaatgcgtg tgtctttttg gtagaatgat 480ttgttttctt ttggatatat acccactaat gggattgctg ggtcaaatgg tagttctaag 540ttctttgaga aatctacaaa ctgctttctg tggtggccaa actaatttac actcccatta 600actgtgtcta agtgttccct tttctccatg tcctcaccag catctgttgt ttttttgact 660ttttaataat agccattctg actggtgtaa ggaggtatgc cattgtggtt tgatttgcat 720ttctctgatt agtaaaatga agcatttttt gtatgtttgt cagccatgta tatgtcttct 780tttgagaaat atctgttcat ttattttgcc cacttttaaa tgaggttatt tggttttgct 840tgttcaattg tttaaattct ttatcgatgc tgtatattag acctttgttg aatgtgtagt 900tttgagaata ttttctctcc ttctgtaggt tgtctgttta ctcttttgat agtttatttt 960gctgtgcaga aactctttag tttaattggg cctcatttgt caatttttgc tttcgttgta 1020cttgcttttg gtgacattgt cacaaattct ttcctaaggt caatgttcaa aatggtgttt 1080cctaggtctt cttctaaaag tcttatagtt tgagggttta catttaaatc tttaatctat 1140cttaagttaa tatttgtata tggtgagaga aaggggtcca gtttaattct tttgcatatg 1200actagccagc tatcccagca ctatttatta aatagggagt actttcctca ttgcttattt 1260ttgtcgactt tgttcaagat cagatggctg taggtgtgtg 1300772001DNAArtificial sequencesequence of T11F 77tctttggggt atgattatat gtctaggtaa aactctttta agaagatgaa gcagagagga 60ttgaattgac aaagacagct ctttaaaaat taaggttatt tcaagactaa gaacataact 120gcttaattgc aggtaataac agaaaaaact tggaaataaa catcccatta tttgacctcc 180aaggcagaag actggcacca aggaaatggc agcttcgtcc ctttcctgtc ttgggcattg 240gtaaaaggag ttgtctagac atgtttgatt tctgtttcag cccttattag tagttatgcc 300atggcaaatt attcaatttc tctgactcag tttccttatt cagaaaatgg aagcataatt 360cttgcctcat agggccatga agattaaatg aggggtgtct tgaagtgtct gggacataaa 420tcttcaataa aagctaattc ctttttttta cagttatctc aaacctttta gtgaattggt 480gcttatcagt gagcttttta ggtgatgcaa agaccctgct ttgctcattt taaggaacag 540ttatttttct ttctccattt tgaagtttct tgtttgctgc ctggttgata tggtttggct 600gtgtccccac ccatatctca tcttgaattg tagttcccat aatccccaca tgtcatggga 660gggacctggt gggaggtaat tgaaccatgg gggtggttac cctcatgctg ttcttgtgat 720agtgagtgag ttctcacaag agctgatggt tttataaggg gcttccccct tcgcttggca 780ctcattctct ctcctgttac cctgtgaaga ggtgtctcct gccgtgattg taagtttccc 840gaggcctccc ggccatgtga aactgtgagt caattaaacc tcttttcttt ataaattacc 900aagtcttggg tattccttca aagcagcatg agaacagact aatacattgg tttaaattag 960aatgccaaaa tttaaataat ttttatcttg aatagtagat ggaattaact ttctcttgaa 1020agatatattt taaaaaattg aacttacaca gacagttttg aaatggtctt attttagttt 1080tatttattta tttattttga gacagagtct cacagtgtcg cccaggctgg agtgcaatgg 1140cacaatctcg gctcactgca acctccacct ccagggtcaa gcgattctct tgcctcagct 1200tcctgagtag ctgggattat aggcgcccac caccatgccc agctaatttt tgtgttttta 1260gtagagacgg ggtttcacca tgttggccag gctggtctcg aactcctgac atcgtgattc 1320tcccacctcg gcctcccaaa gtctcaggat tacaggcatg aaccaccgcg cctggctgaa 1380attgttttta ttatagatgt tgcttgtgca gttttgttag aagttcgtga cttttaacag 1440tgatgaaaat acttcgtcat tcaacaggtt atttttctgc tggttgtagg ttatttgtaa 1500ggaactgtta gtctcctatc tgggtggaca tgtaatagta tcagttactg aaccagaact 1560ttaaacacct ttctgatact cacactggga ggtcaccaag tatctcagaa taaaatgtcc 1620caaactgaac ctaccatgtt cccagaaacc cagcccttct caaattccca gacttggtga 1680atgggagcct gtccttgcag tcttgtagcc caaaacctag ggcttaagaa caccttcttc 1740cttactccca tatgcaaccc atcaagttcc atgcatttca tctcctaatc tcaaatccct 1800tcacccatct ccacagccac cccgctagtc cgggctgcca ttgtctctca cttaaaatgt 1860tgttattgtc taactgacct tcctgaaccc tttcttgcct ctttccagtt tattttccac 1920actacagcca gaaaaagctt ttcaaaatac gcatctggtc acctgcatac ctgtctccag 1980accacataca ataagccttc a 2001782001DNAArtificial sequencesequence of T11R 78tctgccagcg gctcccgcgc caggtcctcg aagcgcacca ggcggtagcg gccgcgcagg 60aagggtggcg gcttgagtgt ggcggcctcg gcgatgcgca cgtggctgcg gcacacctcg 120cgaatcaggc gcaggtgagg gtcggcctcc acccacttgc cgttggtgcc cagcacgatg 180ccgttgtcgc gtgccagtat cgggcccgcc gcctcccggg agcgcagcac ggcccgcggg 240tcgcgcacca ggtgcacgat gcgcaggttg agcgcggggt cgctgagcag cgggtagagc 300acctgcaggt tgaagaagcg cacctccttg agcaccacgt ggctgtagga gcggcaggcc 360tcccgggcca ggctgaatgg ctgccgcgtg cacagtgtct tgcatacgtc ctgcttgctg 420atggtgcctc ggggaaaggc gctgcaggcg ggcggcgagc acagcgcgcg gctcgttgcc 480cagttgaaaa aggcggacag gtttcggctc tgtggcatgt aggcatcaaa cacgtccatg 540tcgcacaaaa agatagagcg catcaggtcg cgcacggcca tgtgcagcgt tgccgcgctg 600ccctgcgaca gggtggtcca cacatgccac gcgggctcca tcaggtagaa gacgtcgggg 660tgctggctga agagctggcc caagaaggat gagcccgagc gccacgagga cagcaccagc 720acgtgcacac gatcctcgcc gccggctggg gatgagggcc ctggccggga gatgatgaag 780agcaggaggc aggtggtctg tgccaggagg agcactgtca ctgtcttgct ggagaaccgt 840ggcagccaca tgcgggcggc tgggggcctt cgggtggagt gggcaacttt agggacccgg 900gccctcatgc ccatcccatg ccccaattac tgcccagtgc cctcagggat cagccctcag 960attcggctac cctacccatt ggacttccca agactcccaa ggtctcagtc gagcactttc 1020ccaggaatac ggagtcaaga cataggccag aatatagtct gtgctcacag cagaagtcca 1080gttgcagaat aatgtgggat atcatcaaac tgtctaccta cccacccacc cacctactta 1140catacctaca ggctatctat ctgtagagag aaatactatg tttcaaagag aactcctgtc 1200ttttgcttca ggatacctct tagagagacc cttttaggtt gtggagctaa aagggcttga 1260tgggggcttc ggtggatgtc agagcaccac caggctcgcc gaggttgaat cctggctctg 1320ccacttccta gcctatgatc ttgcttatga agatcactta aatctctctg tgacggatca 1380ctttacccgt gtgtgaaaga gggataattc cggtacctgg ctcacaggat ctggggggat 1440tggggggtta ttataatgaa gatgggggaa gggaacacgc agtcatgccc ataactgagg 1500attgcacctt ttacaaggtg tgcttctgta ttatataatt tttttaacag gcaggtataa 1560aacttttgtc agccaggcgc ggtggctcac gcctgtaatc ccagcattat gggaggccga 1620ggcgggcgga tcacgaggtc aggagatcga gaccatcctg gctaacacag tgagacccca 1680tctctactaa aaatacaaaa aattagccag gcgtgatggt gggcgcctgt agtcccagct 1740actcgggagg ctgaggcagg agaatggcgt gaacctggga ggcagaggtg gcagtgagct 1800gagattgcgc cactgcactg cagcctgagt gaagagtgag actccgtttc aaaaaaaaaa 1860aaaaaaacaa caaaaaaaaa acttttgtca ttaaagataa acaagtaaat aaagtggaca 1920aagaacagca actgttgtca tcactggtgg ggagtgaagt gctgtaggca gcatgggctc 1980cagaaggagg gtgtcctgga g 2001792100DNAArtificial sequencesequence of T12 79tggcatccag catggagccc acagcttccc tttgtagaat tgcccagttg ttgcagagtg 60ctttggtctc aatgggtcta aagctcttga tgatataaga gcttcaactt ccttttccct 120ctcctccccg caggctgcac aatgtcctgg tgaatcacct gggacttcag agctctgcca 180ccctgggtgt gaagctcagg tctgctcttg gtagcttggt cagtgtgaag tacaccgtga 240ttttgggcaa gctgcttaac ctccctggcc ctccgtttcc tcatctgtag aatggggata 300ttcacagaac ctacttgtag ggccatggtg aggattaaat gatgaacagt gctggcaaac 360aggaaatgct atataagtgt ccctagcaat atacacaccg cacatcctca gtcaccacgt 420gtgttcactg aggtatgggc catgtgtggg tggaattgtg ttccctaaaa agatatgttg 480atgtgctaac ttgaggtccc tgtgaatgca ggaaaccaaa atatttcttc tcaaaatagt 540gaggattgtt aagttaaaga cactgaaaat gcaggggaac actgccttgg cctctacttg 600cctgatgaca ggcacgaatc cttccttact taagacacat cacttgctta tcagcccaga 660gaaagcacct gcaggcacca ggaaaatcta ggaacagatt ttactctctt cccacatttt 720cccacttttt caaacactga aactgctctc tcctttgtct tgtcactaga taggatttat 780ggctctttgt taaaatattg tttaagcaag gcttctacgc cactagcttg agagagaaat 840acttttgaac tgaggcctct tccgcatgat aggcagagca tgcattaata catttctgct 900tgtttctctt ttgttaatct gacttttgtt ttccagagtg tctcaaataa gaacataaaa 960gggaggggag aaattatagt ttctccccta catgaactta ttcggatata gggtctttgc 1020agatgtaatc aagttaagat gaagtcatat ttgattagga taggccctaa ttaaatatgg 1080ttgctgtctt tataaaatga gaagaagaga ccaggtgtgg tggctcacac ctataatccc 1140agaactttgg gatgccaagg caggaggatt gcttgaggcc aggagtttga gactagcctg 1200ggcaacacag caagactcca tctccaaaaa aattaaaaat tagctgggca tggtggcatg 1260cacctgtagc cccagctact tggtgggctg aggcaggagg atcaattgat cccaagagtt 1320caaagctgca gtgagctatg atggcaccac ggcaacctgg gtgacagagc gagaccctgt 1380ctcttaaaga agaaaaaaag aggagaaaaa aacagagaca cagaaaaaag tccttgggat 1440gataaatgca gaaattggag ccatatatcc acaagacaag gaaccaccag gattcttggg 1500aactccagaa gctaagaaga gggcatggaa caggttctac cctagggcct tcagagggag 1560cgcagccctg cagacaccct gagttcagac ttctggcctc cagaactgcg aaagaataac 1620tttctgttgt tacagcagcc ctaaggcact agtacaggtg acatgtattg ctcttctgaa 1680gagcagggtg tctacagcgg cagaggtctg ggtcctggca cgtgcccttt aggattccaa 1740tatccttagg ggcctgctgg tgctgacagt tccagaacca taagacagaa ttcctgcggg 1800ccagtttgga agcagagaca ggaaactgga agagccctta gcctgtgctt gggcttaaag 1860ccctttagct tgtggcttta actctgaaac ttctagaggg catcttgcag gtcagtgtga 1920ggtacagaag ttgtcacaag cttcctggct caaagaaagt gagacttcac gaacttttct 1980ggacatcaca ccagcactta tgaagttatc ttgttaagca cagatgaaat cagaaataca 2040ggcattcacc atcacttaaa caaagctcag attgtagagt gcgaggaaga atcggtggga 2100801700DNAArtificial sequencesequence of T13F 80cagatctcta aagtattggg tgtggactag agctctggac ggcctaaagg aaaggaatgt 60gccggttcac agggacccgc ggctaagctc aagggtaaaa tacagcttta caaagcatct 120ttaggctgtt ccttcccaaa cgtgcttaga agggaacagg gaaaggcggg tgtgttttct 180cactgaggtt cttctagtgg ctggaatctg atagagtacc aagttgtagg gatatggata 240tattttccct ttggcactcc ataaagctaa atgttgggct gaaaaaagga tgcagcctat 300aaacaagtat ttttcctgaa accaactgca tgaggaaacg ctgcgctccc cctcagggag 360cagtttctga agccagctga gcacagctgg cactggccag agggagccct ccaccctccc 420accacgtatg cccacctgca aacctgggtt ctgagtcccc atgcagggga cagacctgaa 480aattccagtt tgtgtccttt caggtcatcg acaggaatga cagcctggca agctgcagtg 540actgcacaca gctaccctgt gagctccact tgtgtgggtg caggtgggcg acaggagtgt 600gtgacacaga caggcactcc accaggagga aacccacagc agacgtcaac catcgcttta 660ttaaggctgc gagtcggggg gctgagtcat gcactccaca gacaccccca ctgctcccaa 720ggtccacttt tggatgaccc tgaaggcaga gactcctgag atctgggcca caatctaggg 780tgagccaccc acagtgccct gctggacagg ggggtatgcg gactgcacgg gggggccctc 840agcaggggtc ttcctgccta gggtggggct ggctccagtg ggtcctgggc tcaggcaggg 900ggggtggcag ggaggcaggg acatcccccc gccctctggc ctatggcttt gttgccctat 960tgccaccagc gcagaagcaa tgtgctatac cgtgaggtga tgaagaagag ccccgggagg 1020gagcaggcag ctctgtgcct ggggcctggc cagacctcag gggtgctgtg gccctgctcc 1080tgttccccct cagctcctcc cagcaatggg tctcctccag tggaggtcag tcactcagaa 1140gtggacccgc agcacgtctt ggctagcaac cggccgctgg caggctgtgc acgtcatggg 1200cagggagcgt tgcttctcac ccaggcaggg tcggcacagg aggtggccgc agggcagctg 1260gtacaccggc tcctttttga agtagggaga aaatactctt ttgcaggagg cacattcggg 1320gcccaggatg ctcccaggct gctctggtaa atcaggaagg aaaacaggcc agggttagga 1380aagctgctcc atggtccagg ctgctctgag gggcagagcc ttcccaccgt gctgctgcag 1440catctggctt catccctccc gagtccatcc cagtctgatc aggtagggga gtggaagcgg 1500gagagggagc ctgggaaccc gggaggcctc ttctctatca tctttgacca aatctcagtg 1560cctctacgaa tgcttgagaa gagctggctt ctgagggcag caggcaggac tgggcccttc 1620ctcctggtct cccagcaagg tttactttcc cctgcgatag gtggccaagg ctggagcaag 1680gcacagctca ctctgacaag 1700811701DNAArtificial sequencesequence of T13R 81gaatctgacc actcagtccc acatcccagg attcagagaa aaagaattcc agtgagggct 60ctggacccca cacagctaag gcttccaggg tttaggcaag ccctgaggga cacccatcat 120aattacccag acgggggccc agcatcccgc cccagcattc tgccttgcaa ggagctccct 180caccagggct cagggaaggg acagcctgca gttccagcaa gggaggcctg cagagtcagc 240cacaggtggc cactatcggt tgcttggtgc caacttagtg tgagggggca gggcccagac 300tcgagggtgc cattaccgtc ccccatcgtg tacttctttt cctcgtagct tgagtctgtg 360tattccagga gcaggcggat ggaatgggcc agctgggaga gatggcccac agctcgggtc 420agagatggag ggtccctgac tttgtgacga ctctgcacaa
ggggagcccc atctcctcct 480ctcgttcctg cctcacccgc ccccaccccg cacgcccagc cacacgcaca gacagcggca 540agcacagacc ccgctgtcag ggacagccct gaagaggaac cgtccctaga gcccgtcctg 600cagctgctcc acacttcccc gcccccacgc acccccgtcc caccgcccag cggaccctgg 660ctcaccccgc ggatgttcca gtaccccagt gtcatgggca tggtgctggt tgctgtggat 720tctgcagaca ggcctcagcg gggcggggct cagcgtttgt gagaggccca gagagggtag 780aggggaagcc ttgctgcgac cccgccccac ggcccgccct gcccccgaaa cgggccaatc 840tggaggcctg gagcgcgctc atggggctag gagtaggatc tcctcccacc tcccagcccc 900gtgggtttca ggagagagat caggacgccc agaagcccag ggcgggggag aactggttga 960gtccaggggt tcaagactga actgagctat gatcgcgccg ctgcactcta ggttaggcaa 1020gaaagaaagg ctctctctaa aacagagaga ttctgaataa agtaataata gcctaataaa 1080gaaaaataac acaaaagaac atttggtgct cagggattca ctggataagt tttcaaaact 1140tttcaatgta tgatagagat tgttataaac tgcggacata cgtggcatga cagacctaac 1200gtgggaagga caacacaggc aaggatgatt ataactcact gtcacttatc agcctaaatc 1260caaacgtcag gaataccgcc tcagagaaaa gaaaatgatg tttttgtcat aagtggtgct 1320gtgctcctag ggagcttgct gggtgggaag agagacagaa aggtggggag caggggctgg 1380tggacttggg gagggaggag aaagcccatg tggaaacgtt agaatctggg gtaatcagag 1440gtctttgtat tcattcgttt tgtaaatttc tcaaactctc atgttaaatc aaaataaaaa 1500gttaaaaaaa aaaaactacc aggacagaca tacacaaata ttattaactg aaataaatgt 1560tccatcaaaa aggacttacc ttaactacat gagttatatt atgatttcta ttattattat 1620tattattatt ttaatattag tatccatcca gcacaccact ggtcttcaag tggaggtaac 1680tttgcccctc aggggacatg t 1701821482DNAArtificial sequencesequence of T14 82atcagccccc acatgcccag ccctgtgctc agctctgcag cggggcatgg tgggcagaga 60cacagaggcc aaggccctgc ttcggggacg gtgggcctgg gatgagcatg gccttggcct 120tcgccgagag tnctcttgtg aaggaggggt caggaggggc tgctgcagct ggggaggagg 180gcgatggcac tgtggcanga agtgaantag tgtgggtgcc tngcacccca ggcacggcca 240gcctggggta tggacccggg gccntctgtt ctagagcagg aaggtatggt gaggacctca 300aaaggacagc cactggagag ctccaggcag aggnacttga gaggccctgg ggccatcctg 360tctcttttct gggtctgtgt gctctgggcc tgggcccttc ctctgctccc ccgggcttgg 420agagggctgg ccttgcctcg tgcaaaggac cactctagac tggtaccaag tctggcccat 480ggcctcctgt gggtgcaggc ctgtgcgggt gacctgagag ccagggctgg caggtcagag 540tcaggagagg gatggcagtg gatgccctgt gcaggatctg cctaatcatg gtgaggctgg 600aggaatccaa agtgggcatg cactctgcac tcatttcttt attcatgtgt gcccatccca 660acaagcaggg agcctggcca ggagggcccc tgggagaagg cactgatggg ctgtgttcca 720tttaggaagg atggacggtt gtgagacggg taagtcagaa cgggctgccc acctcggccg 780agagggcccc gtggtgggtt ggcaccatct gggcctggag agctgctcag gaggctctct 840agggctgggt gaccaggnct ggggtacagt agccatggga gcaggtgctt acctggggct 900gtccctgagc aggggctgca ttgggtgctc tgtgagcaca cacttctcta ttcacctgag 960tcccnctgag tgatgagnac acccttgttt tgcagatgaa tctgagcatg gagatgttaa 1020gtggcttgcc tgagccacac agcagatgga tggtgtagct gggacctgag ggcaggcagt 1080cccagcccga ggacttccca aggttgtggc aaactctgac agcatgaccc cagggaacac 1140ccatctcagc tctggtcaga cactgcggag ttgtgttgta acccacacag ctggagacag 1200ccaccctagc cccaccctta tcctctccca aaggaacctg ccctttccct tcattttcct 1260cttactgcat tgagggacca cacagtgtgg cagaaggaac atgggttcag gacccagatg 1320gacttgcttc acagtgcagc cctcctgtcc tcttgcagag tgcgtcttcc actgtgaagt 1380tgggacagtc acaccaactc aatactgctg ggcccgtcac acggtgggca ggcaacggat 1440ggcagtcact ggctgtgggt ctgcagaggt gggatccaag ct 1482831680DNAArtificial sequencesequence of T17 83ggcgccacta cgggattaag cctgaaaccc gagcggcccc ggcccccgcc acggccgcct 60ccaccacctc ctcctcctcc acttccttat cctcctcctc caaacggact gagtgctccg 120tggcccggga gtcccagggg agcagcggcc ccgagttctc gtgcaactcg ttcctgcagg 180agaaggcggc agcggcgacg gggggaaccg ggcctggggc agggatcggg gccgcgactg 240ggacgggcgg ctcgtcggag ccctcagctt gcagcgacca cccgatccca ggctgttcgc 300tgaaggagga ggagaagcag cattcgcagc cgcagcagca gcaacttgac ccaagtaagt 360gcaaaagaaa ttgccccctg atttattgct gaaacctgta aggctcgaat gtgcaaaact 420gatagtttta ctaacctata aaaacgtcta gacgcctacc caagcctagg cgaacaacat 480gcatccataa aaagagcttc ccataaccac ctaccctggg cgctcagtta gtacggtaaa 540cagagcgcga gcattaaggc tttttatgat aattccccac aagttgtgaa aagcgaccat 600ccttggtgaa attaatttaa cgacctctct tccccaccct gtggtctctc cctgcctccc 660ctcctctcct ctctccccgt ctccaaacct ccctctttgt agacaacccc gccgcgaact 720ggatccacgc tcgctccacc cggaaaaagc gctgtcccta caccaaatac cagacgcttg 780agctggagaa agaattcctc ttcaacatgt acctcacccg ggaccggcgc tacgaggtgg 840ccaggattct caacctaaca gagagacagg tcaaaatctg gtttcagaac cgtaggatga 900aaatgaaaaa gatgagcaag gagaaatgcc ccaaaggaga ctgacccggc gcggtgctgg 960cgggagcgct caagggcagc ggatttgttg ttgttgctgt tttcctttgt gggtgtttgg 1020tgcttgattt ccagaaactc tccagcgact tggacttctt cttctttttt tttttctttt 1080tagatagaag tgactgtgtg gttggtctct gaggtatttg ggggactctg tatttgctcg 1140tttacgtgtt ggaaaaacca agtggctttg gggtttcgcc ctatcccact ccctctcttt 1200cctgctccat tggttcctta agaaatgcta tattttgtga gtgcaagctg gcttggggag 1260ccctctcttg tgtaaatgtc ccccatgttt ctgaaaagtg ctgtagttta gtcccctcac 1320ccccagcact gcccaaacag gggccaagtg cgccccaatt ccaagaatga aggcagagcg 1380acaacagtgc ggacaccccg gctgctagcc cacggtgaag cccggcgggg ttgcccacca 1440gttgcgaaag ccccctttcc tcagggagca cgcgggacct cggtggagat ctccagtgag 1500gcttagagga gcccagggcc tcgggcgggt tggggtttgt cctcagtgca ttggacgcgc 1560tgctctctcc cctgaaggct gggctcgcgt gggcggccgc gggtggtggc cctcccggtt 1620cctgcccgag gaccagttgt aaatgttact gcttcctact aataaatgct gacctgatca 168084919DNAArtificial sequencesequence of T18 84gatcatctac taggttgaaa ggagagaata tgacttccag aacagcactg atgcttaaaa 60aggatgcctc tggaagaaaa ggaggaagag gagcaagtga tgggagaata cagtgggact 120ttgggcacca tagggtcatc ctgagttttt caccaaaatc aggaacagcg gcaaaactgg 180tttcactgaa gaagacacac gtttggagac atgtgtagtc tccaaggatt ctcacttaac 240aaagcctatt tctgttgtta aaaacccctg cataatgcac ccacacacaa acacaaggct 300tggtctgtgt tcctggccac ctaaagaaac tgattcccag taagtttaaa cctgaatgaa 360atgtttctgc aaattcagcc tcaaaattcc tcctctacct ggcatccctg gcttgtaaac 420tatgtgtctc attagttcat aaacaaagca gccctgactt tgccttgtac tcaaccacag 480ccctaggagc cagtagaatt tgtccagagg tgctgggctt tggagcccaa gtggacaaag 540tcagaccccc tttcctcagg gcaaagccct cccacagggc tgggacccca aaggctatgc 600tggaagcagg ttcagcagca ggatatcaag gggcaaagct cctaattcaa aatcttcctg 660gcttctgaac aaccattagg atggacagag aaaacttttg ccctgctctg agagggtccc 720acagggcttt tggaagcaga gccaccattg agaaatccct ttcaacctga gtagtaattc 780agatttttct cccactcctg cacaacttaa tttgctgaat ggaaaattca gccagaagtg 840atgggctgct tgaaatcaac aaaacttgac acattcttcc cattttcatt ttactttatt 900gttaaacaca taattgatc 919851174DNAArtificial sequencesequence of STAR A1 85gatcaataga agaatggagt ttgtgtttgc tagccatagt tttgacgtgt gggagagttg 60gagtctagaa ggttctctgg acgaatgtcg gcttgttaac tgcaggaatt cctctgtaag 120tctctgtcct tacagaaaat ggcccgaaat tgaaaaaccc tacttcttgg aaaacagaaa 180taatttgtgt aatgaatgtt gcaggcggtg ttggacgttc gtgtggagat attggcaatg 240gtaggagacg atggtatcac acgttggatc gattaaaaag aaaaacagag tctctccatt 300tgtgagtttc tctcttttaa ttacttttgt tactttaaca tccttaggat tcacagacga 360aaaacagaga cacccaattt ttgtgtttcg agactgtgtc gtgtgttgtg tagttggtat 420caaccaactt atatctgtaa tcattgtttc tttttattta ttctcggttt gcagaaacat 480ccgatgagct tgtcttagag ggacgtttgt tgttgttttc tgggtctggt cgtgatgaac 540tcgaaagcat tgtgtgtttg gttagtagtt tgaaataggt gtgtgtattg tatttgtata 600tgctgcgttt gtgttttaga gatcatcgta cataaaacac atcatcgtac ataactaaaa 660tttgagctaa actacaaaag aaagtaacct tcatttttag tcgaaccagg ccccagctag 720gcagctatct cgtaaataag attgctggct tacgatcgta ttccacgtgg caatttatgt 780gccgtggatt taaatttgta cgtggcatga gtgttaggag aatgtccaca tggcttgtag 840ttgttagtcc cacgctctga accagagcaa ccggctcctt acacgtgttc ggcttaaatc 900catttttcga atgagattac acttctaacc ttgtctccct ctcccgctta taccaccacc 960actctcacac aagtctctca agtcacaaac tctgtttcaa accaaaaggg aactttgtgt 1020gtgttgtcga gttttatggt gactgtaaac cctagccaag ctcattgttt gcctatgaaa 1080atgagtctac cgggtttcaa tactcttccc cacacggcaa caacgatacc ggtttccata 1140cggagcaata ggacgatgtc gttttttgag gatc 117486910DNAArtificial sequencesequence of STAR A2 86gatcaaaatt ttggtttctt cgctttgatt ttcttcttct tcttcttctt cttccctcaa 60gttccttaga atatctttct catccatttt ttttggttct tgttttgtta agtgaacatt 120ttagttgatt ttaaagtgct aaacttaaat gcagcatttt actaatataa aattacgctc 180cattattgac cttatataca tagaacaaaa taatgttata atcttcgact tttttctaac 240aaatattaac caatcatgtc actaagaaat taaaaaatac tagtatatag gaatctagtc 300cattgtatat atcgtaaaca tggacacttc accaacgaac atgcatgggg tctttttata 360aggttcttta taccgaaacc attgttttgg tttttatgat aattgagtta gttttgtggc 420ttttccgttc aactaaaagt ctcattatgt caactgctat taaaccggcg cacatggcat 480gttttatgaa attaaggtca attggactcc aacttttcaa ttattaaaaa aaaagaaaaa 540tgattgttgt atgccttggc gaagaagaaa agccgctagc tttattcatt atcaaacgaa 600acaaaaacaa caacacatca ctaagaatct taaactctta accttacatc aaagtaactt 660ttattacatt gcatacaaga aaagaacaaa ccagcattat taggtttgag attaaacctg 720ttcccacaca tatacataga gatatgaact ctacaatttc aaaccagagc cttgaagttt 780ctcctcaaca atcatgtcga ttttgttttc catttcagga gtcatataac tcttccaatc 840accaacttcc cctttacgga aaaaactctt gaaacttact ccttccgaca agcttcctgt 900tttgttgatc 91087906DNAArtificial sequencesequence of STAR A3 87gatcattaat cgcagatttt tacaagacag cagcttggag agcaacttac aagtgtgtta 60taaactctga actcaacttg gaagatgttg acgttccaaa tgaaattgga agacaaacta 120tcttcccacc aaggacaaga aggccgtctg ggaggccaaa aaggctacgt atcaaatcca 180ttggcgaata tccggttcgt atttgtagga gtcccatttt ttcgacttta tctttattcc 240gtatttaatt ttcaatttta tgtggtttaa cagaaatcaa agagcgtgaa ggtgaagatt 300aacaggtgtg gcagatgcaa aaagactgga cacaacagga caagctgtag taatccaatc 360tgaagatgtt ttaaaatcgg ctatattgat agaacgatga ccattttatt attgtttttg 420tgtttggaaa tggttatttt tggataaaat atgttgcatt ctattttata attttagttt 480cgacttatta catataaatc tagtaaggta atatattagc aaattacaga taatgatgaa 540aaacatggac aggtataggt ggataagata taaataaggt aggactgaat tgttacccgt 600taataatgaa agaatatacg aaatactaaa cattaaataa ggaagttact aattattgga 660caacaaaaag tttaattcct ttaaaaagaa attggaatac agacagtttc attgacctaa 720ttaagtactt ctttgaaaaa aatcaaacta ggagaataga agttgtaaat aattgaaggg 780aaacgtcgat tcggtgaaaa ggttttttaa ttagtattta aagggaaata tcttctctta 840tacagaatat cttgccccag aacaaatcgc ctcaaatact aaaagtgtgt acatcttctc 900ttgatc 90688782DNAArtificial sequencesequence of STAR A4 88gatcaaattc atatgcttat ttgtgattat actttgcttt gattcaggaa atcaaagaag 60atagctccac cttacagggt gatactacac aatgacaact tcaacaagag ggaatatgtg 120gttcaggtgt tgatgaaggt aatacccggc atgactgtag acaacgcggt taacattatg 180caagaagctc atatcaacgg tttggcagtt gtgattgttt gtgctcaggc tgatgcagag 240caacactgta tgcagctgcg cggtaacggc cttctcagtt ctgttgaacc tgatggtgga 300ggctgctgaa actaattaaa ctcagtatag attttcccac cttccaggac tctctattta 360gtcaaaaaca tttgttgttt taatgtatat aatatcagaa atttggtaca agactgttac 420tatatgcaat gaaccttgcc cctacataga tctgttgtga gttttaagtg ttttcatttg 480gaacttcaga atgcaaataa acaaaacttt attgaagtca aatggtgtta cagatgaatc 540tttctgattc tgtaatcact aatgtaaatg tatctaagca attgtaaggg agtgacgtgt 600ttcggtttca tctcgcccaa aaaagcattc aaacccaaga aacctgcagt ttcaagacat 660tgatgggata ccatatagat gtatcaagca tcaaccggag taagaagcga ctgaatgccg 720aagataatga aaagcattcc accggaaaga gccacctgca acaacataag agctatttga 780tc 782891356DNAArtificial sequencesequence of STAR A5 89gatcctgtaa aacataaagt tagagataat tgtccgattt gtttgccctt ttaatttgga 60gagatatgaa ccaaaaacat atttcggaat gggtcccttt ttcatcgtgt gtaacagttt 120taccaaacag taatactttg tgaaagtttt gattaattaa tgcaaaaaga ttagaaaaaa 180gcgaaactaa tttttggatt acactagaaa aaggttaaaa tcaataacca aaaaaagaaa 240aaggttaaag ttacaaaaca caccggttta tagagtgaaa tgattattgt tctgttgaat 300tgacgtgcca gcttagcatc accttactat tatcagtcac ctatatatca caattcacag 360gcttcttgct ttctctcatt ggctcgtctt cttccctttc ttctccaatc accttagctt 420gctgatcagg taaactagat tggtgtttcg tgttgttttc ttctcaactt aggtgtttga 480tttgagaagt ttttctatgt atgttggcat gttgcgttcg tagcattgca tatcaacgga 540taggtttgaa taggtagaat taatttgatt gatatatgaa agaatgtttg tatatatact 600ctaggtctag gttattgaat attgagaaat ttattttgtt aggtttagat gaattattct 660tcgatgagtg gttcaaagtt caattggcaa gtcttttcaa tgattgtagt attttggtga 720tgataagtaa gttgttaatg actctcaagt ctgaattcat gttttggttt tgtttccttg 780taaaaatgtg aacgtttttc ttacagaagc tttcacaaac aaagtatggt taattgagtg 840actaatccac taattctctt ttgttgtttt atatcgttta ttaggtaatg tttttttttt 900ttgggtgtgt aaaatatgat actgactcaa gattttatca tatttctgaa tccataagct 960aaagtacatt tgagagaagc aagagagata gaatggggcg tggagttagt gcaggtggag 1020gacaaagttc tttgggatat ctttttggga gcggagaggc tccaaagcta gcagccgtta 1080acaaaactcc agctgaaact gagtcttctg ctcatgctcc acctactcaa gctgctgctg 1140caaacgctgt tgatagcatc aaacaagttc ctgctggtct caatagcaac tctgcaaaca 1200attacatgcg tgcagaagga caaaacacag gcaatttcat cacggtatgt ctttaattct 1260ttcgctgaat cgagtcctgt gtgctggtta tcggatagca aaaacatctg tatctttact 1320tttcttagat tagttgtctg aaaatgaaag aagatc 1356901452DNAArtificial sequencesequence of STAR A6 90gatcgactgg tacaatgcta gaagccctag aggttgtagg tgatagccac gatacatcct 60taggtgatgt aagtcaactg aatataaatg gccatttacg tagacttcat gtcctagatg 120atccctccta ttataacgtg aatctcggtt tcttggtgtg gaaaacgaaa tgattgatat 180gtttttgtca gggatttgag gtggtgaaca gtcgttatat gactagttat gatgatgaag 240atacaccgcc aggaagtgga ttcaggacaa aactaagaga gttccataag aggtaaatga 300cgcattaact catgcctctc aacattttgt cggcattcaa acagatgcat tcaagtctct 360tttaataaac acaagaatcc catttgttta ttgttttgtt tgtatgcagt gcggcatcat 420tcacagaact agataggaat tacctaacac cgttcttcac aagtaacaac ggagattatg 480atgatgaggg taacatggag caacaccatg gtaacaacat aattctctga tctcttgttt 540cactattatt tttgttgtta ttccgcaccc aaaaccatga aatttacaat tggggttatt 600gcagaagaac gaatcccatt tactagaaga ggaaatctaa ataaccgcgg ctaagtttcc 660gagatgagaa atctaatagt gttttttcag cggcatatat atgtacataa aacaaactgg 720atgtatggga ggaggtagtg acaaaggatt tgttctaagc taggtttctc tataatatgg 780tactgtgttg ttggtgtaaa cctgaatgga tattgttagg ttgaaactaa ttacattcac 840acaaagaaag aaaaaaactt gaagaaggcc atggctggtt tatactgaac cacgaatttt 900gttagtttta aactcttagg gaaaatgcta taatgccttt tttgtcttgt agtcgtgttt 960ggtttgaatt aaaaaaaaaa tagagaacgt cacggcacgc caaaagtgtg gaccttgttt 1020attcgccgga agtaagtaac caaaaacgct tctaatcttt cgtttacaac aaatatctct 1080ctctctctcg ctctctctcg ctctctcttt cttcttcttc atcttctttc atggctgtta 1140ctggctgggc aatcacaatc tgaattcttt cttcctcctt gtctctctga ttttcgccga 1200gttttggggg ctcttgttgt tacacgatga gtctggtggt tggtcagtct ctgggtttaa 1260ctctagtcgg tgatggtctt tcgttacgca attccaaaat aaatgtcgga aaatcaaagt 1320ttttctcggt aaatcggagg agattggcgc gtgcggccct ggtacaagct aggcctaagg 1380aagacggagc ggcggcaagt ccttccccat cgtcgagacc ggcgtcagtt gtgcagtacc 1440gacgagctga tc 1452911085DNAArtificial sequencesequence of STAR A7 91gatctatctt atattgttag ttcatgtttg tttttaaaga ctgtttttat gtttcaatgg 60tatattactg actggggcag taatattgtt gaagtctgta gattatggtc gcatggctga 120aatactggtg cagagggctg cttctcctga tgaattcact cgattaacag ccatcacgtg 180ggtaagcaga ataaaccatg cttctgcttg gcgtcttcca gttatataga ttggtactat 240tttgacttct cgggagattc atatactaag aatatctgct ttttattaaa tgttgtagat 300aaacgagttc gtaaaacttg ggggagacca gctcgtgcgt tattatgctg acattcttgg 360ggctatcttg ccttgcatat ctgacaaaga agagaaaatc agggtggtaa gtttgcttct 420cctcctcagt gatggaaact gtaggttttg tatgcatctt tttactttct ttgttttttg 480atttttattt gcataaggtt gctcgtgaaa ccaatgaaga acttcgttca atccatgttg 540aaccctcaga tggttttgat gttggcgcaa ttctctctgt tgcaaggagg ttagtttttc 600tctattgttg tttttatatc cgtttgaata ttattaaatc gcgcctgttt atttgtgagt 660ttttgcattg agcaggcagc tatcaagtga gtttgaggct actcggattg aagcattgaa 720ttggatatca acacttttaa acaagcatcg tactgaggtg aagaaactgg tttttgcttg 780ggcatcattc ttttctagtt agcctttttg tttatcgcgt tatagctaaa ttggtaatgc 840tgcaacaggt cttgtgcttc ctgaatgaca tatttgacac ccttctaaaa gcactatctg 900attcttctga tgacgtaagt tctatctccc tgactgttcg tttgattggt tggtgaactt 960tataatataa aggtttggtt ttgtctagta ataaacttat ttgatatttg aactatctgg 1020acttggaaat atactttagg tggtgctctt ggttctggag gttcatgctg gtgtagcaaa 1080agatc 108592696DNAArtificial sequencesequence of STAR A8 92gatcatcttt ttctaggtag ggaattgctt atctcggtaa gctaagaatg ttagaaacaa 60agaactagga cagaacggga aatggagaag gaggttagaa tcaaagaaca gtaaatggag 120aaggaggtta atgtgtattt cattctatct acattttaac taattgagtg tatccagtct 180tatccattaa tgtaattaca agaagaatag taccaagcat gtaggttata gttttcactt 240tactgggtga aggtttctgt agttcaagtg ggtcaaaagt ggtttgcgga aacatatctc 300taataatttg attgagaggc tcctcgcact cacatggact taaacttttg tgtattatac 360aaacatgatt cacatacaca tctcgtgtat attgcaatac atttggtaaa ttatctgaaa 420ataataatga aggtttcttc aaaagaggtc caggagctat ttccattaac actgttatac 480tgaacagtat acaaaagaag actgcagtgc gagaatttat ggaggatgat aatgcatttg 540agatattctt ctgaacactt tcatatcttt tatgtaaaac atttttgatg agaaaatcac 600cagtagtatc caaacacttt aatccagatg atgggaaaat gctttgttta aacctactac 660gaagtatgct taatacttca ttattaccag ttgatc 69693925DNAArtificial sequencesequence of STAR A9 93gatctggttt cggtaattgt tgtttccggg aattgagtat agaaacacaa atacatattt 60aaccctgatg aaagagggtg taaacttgtg cagatagatg cgaaaacaac gcacgacaaa 120cttgtgaagt tggtgctcga tgataaagtt agacgaaatg ttgtatctct tattgttttg 180cgacaaattt acatgtcacg gctgagttat atgcttaagg gaagatgaaa agttcagtca 240atttacatgt caccactgag ttatacgttc caggaaagac gaaaggttcg atagaattac 300attacggttg agttatatgc ttaagggaga acgaaacgtt cagtcaattt acatgtcacg 360gctgagttat atgttccagg
gaagacgaaa ggttcggtaa aattacatta cggatgagtt 420atatgtttaa gggaagacat ctataaattt acatgtcacg gctgagttat atgttcaagg 480gcaaacgaaa gatgagtgta aattatatgt tacggctgag ttatatgctt caaggaagac 540gaaaggttcg gtaaattaca tgtcacggct gagttatcat tcagggaaga cgaaaggttg 600tgtaaattat atgttacggc tgaggtacat cacgttaagg ctgagttata atacagatcg 660gaaaacaaca tttttctggg gaagacaata tgaaatttat tggccaaaga acaacaatca 720aattaagaaa cgtaagaata tgtttgaggg atacatagga ggaagacgaa actatatgaa 780tcaaaacatt gatagaagta gaaatatctc taaatagatc gattgagagg aaaactaaac 840gagagacata taaaatcaaa gtaaaagagt agttattctt gattcaactc aaacctgtaa 900caaatcatat aaaattctat agatc 925941753DNAArtificial sequencesequence of STAR A10 94gatctgaatg agatgtgttg gcgaacgcat atagtttttg tttcttgctg ttcataactt 60tgcttatgga attttattta tgtctttctc tatacctctt tggaccagtg ttccatttgc 120aatagagagt cactcgtgaa aaaaacaaat aatgtgtgtg tatcaattat tccctctcgg 180ccttatattt tgtcttcttt ttgctaatta tatactattg atttagatat ttacttatat 240tcatgacgtc ttcttcttat attcttattt aatttgaagt tagaaaatta acgttacaac 300ttacaactat taaattattg ttaattggtt ttataataag tatcgctctt gtctccattc 360acttgtcttt tattgtcccc agtaccaaac taccaaatac aattcatatt cactaattaa 420ttagtttgat gcaaaggatg atgcaatgtt aagaaaattg aaactctacc acattctaaa 480atgaagcaac tctaccatat ttaatttctt tagacttgga atagtcacaa tatgaatgct 540taggtagtta cggttagtta ggagtatcac acagaattga aaataccaaa ccacaatttt 600aatcaggtga ttcggtacta atttttatta atgaataaaa acataaccga accaactcaa 660agcagatatt aacctgaaaa tgaactcacc aaaacaataa tagaaagact caaatcgagc 720cggaaaccag attgagcaac gaactcatgg gaatatcata tctatttatg tccagactat 780taatatacat acctatgaca aaatactatg catgcaatgc aagactgaag taaccatatt 840tttttgggta aaccattgat aagctaaact tgaatatcca tagtacttca tcgtactatg 900tatcaatagt atagtaagtt tgacacaatt acattcagtt tgatttttat catataaacc 960tcccaacaat atttaaaacc gtatctatat ataaatttat ttgattaaat cagcctagaa 1020gtttatagtt cagtgcagat aaattcaaat tttgatatat atcttaattg aattaaccgt 1080cttttggtta aattattgtt acaagcttac aaaatccact atacaccaag ttggacttag 1140atatcatata tgagattaac agccgattac acttgtacat tgacctgacc tatacaaacg 1200actacaactt tatgtatata tatttctcta tttttggaaa ctcgtttgat ttgttttcac 1260atgtcgtgaa atttacagct ttgtttccta ctctcaaaaa tagagcatag agctggctga 1320tcacacttca aattaaaacc aacaacgtat ataaactata acccatgtga acacaaaaat 1380ttagaccttt tttcaaaacc attccaattt ctaacaaaaa caaaattaga aatcctaaaa 1440tctgcaaggt gtatggaagg caaaaaaggc taacaggatt aaaaacagtt tacattagtt 1500attctcttta aaatagaaag aagattttcg ataaaaacgt cgtcgtatct tcgtcgacgt 1560ctccgtcttt aatgggggag caaagggcaa gcggtgcttc ctcctccacc gactcatatt 1620caactccttc gccgtctgcg tcaccgtctc catctccggc tccacgtcaa catgtcacgt 1680tactcgaacc atctcatcaa cacaagaaga aaagcaaaaa agtcttccga gtttttcgtt 1740cggttttccg atc 1753951908DNAArtificial sequencesequence of STAR A11 95gatctcactc aagctcatgc tcacgttcaa ggactttcca accgcaaggt tatcttcaac 60ttgtactcat taaggcctct caatattcat gtgttatgtt catgtagatg tccggtccag 120ttcaacaact gtttcattgc tttagttgtc acgagaaata tttgtatata ttattatggt 180gtgcaaaaca tagtaaaatg ttgttcaatt ggcagatgat gatgatgaaa atggaaagtg 240aatgggttgg agcaaatgga gaagcagaga aggcaaagac gaagggttta ggactacatg 300aagagttaag gactgttcct tcgggacctg acccgttgca ccatcatgtg aacccaccaa 360gacagccaag aaacaacttt cagctccctt gacctaatct cttgttgctt taaattattt 420catattgtaa attactttct gctttatcgg ttttaccatt tcgggagtct tttttgtgtg 480caatctgttt cgtttggtaa gcttgtagtt tcatgaaagt gaatgtaaga tatgcattac 540gtttgttgct gaagtgaatg taagatacgc actattatat ctcatgattt tctaagaaaa 600ccctcttaaa acgaagatgt ctatagcatt acgtttctat ttccatataa tacgttaaaa 660tttatggttt ttacgtataa aatgcaaaat aaagacacaa gtatatctcc aaagcaatgt 720accgttggga aaatttatta gtacgttttc aattgtcaat gcaaataatt aatggatgtg 780atagtcacaa ttaaacatac aataataaaa atgatgatga tgattcgatg atgtggtggg 840aaggataaat taaaccgact ttggggcagt gacaggcagt gtcagtgtca aagacaacca 900tttgtagtca ctatttctat cgaaggttgc aaattgaatg gtggaggagt atcaaaacga 960cacacatact tgaaaagata ttttaataat ataaaaaaat tggtgatggc gtaataacaa 1020acctagagct aattattatc cttaatgata ccaaatctat atgatacgat atttgtttta 1080aaaagagtaa agactgacac ttgagatgtg acactggcga tttcgctcac gtcaccactt 1140ttcccacctc aaataacgct tacggcttta tccattaatt ctaagtataa ttttaagtgt 1200attttttctt gccaaattca aatatatctt actaaatgga tgaacattat aaaattgtta 1260tcaaaaccat taaatgttct tataatttct ttcgttcctc caatgtcatc ccaagacttt 1320ttgacctaat atatgatata tctaacttgc tttggaatcg tatgacatat atcttcaaat 1380acatatttcg tatttttttt tcacgaaaac taatttagaa agtagaaaac cagctatttt 1440aaagaaaata aagtgtgttt atatatattc taaaacaatg ctataagaac ataagaccaa 1500gatatataca atgttatttt atatttatta ttaagcatta acattgaaat taaaaatatt 1560aaacatgtat accaaagtaa tcaacattgt agttattact actctctctg ttcatttttg 1620tttgattgtt tagaaaaaac acacatatta agaaaacata ttaaatattg attataaatg 1680tattattttt aatgttttac agttttctat aactttaaac caatgataat taactatttt 1740tttaaaaaat taccattcac ctatactaac caataaagat tacatagaaa actaaaaaaa 1800ttaatctttt aaaaacaaat tttttttcta aacaatcaaa caaaaaggaa cagaggggga 1860atattatttt aatttaattt agattaccat tgtagttagt aattgatc 1908961403DNAArtificial sequencesequence of STAR A12 96gatctattgc tgtttatggc aggctgtcat ttcagaaaag aatggtggtt tgggatgtaa 60tgttggtgaa gatggtggtc ttgctccaga tatctcgagg tacatatatt tttcctctct 120gatgctaatc tgcttgcatc tgtagattgt cgaaactgag aaaaccatgt tatggtttga 180tggcttagtg cctaatatgt gtaattgcaa ctgtatgcag cctcaaggaa ggtttggagc 240ttgtaaaaga agctatcaac cgaacagggt acaatgataa gataaagata gccattgata 300ttgccgccac taatttttgt ttaggtaatt ttctgcttcc tggctaactg attttttgcg 360gcttcttgta gtcatggata gtcttggttt ggttctcggc attgtcattc acaattggct 420agtgagacga ataagatgtt aaatcatcaa atgtgtagcc tatcaatatc ttgctcttgc 480aagtttcaac tatgttatac gtttttgtgt attatttctt accttgtgga actgttcttt 540cctgaacagg taccaagtat gatttagata tcaagtctcc aaataaatct gggcaaaatt 600tcaagtcagc ggaagatatg atagatatgt acaaagaaat ttgtaatggt atgtctggct 660cgtctgaaca atattttttg tgtctatctt agtactcttg cagtattgta acgaccagat 720tctctgtttg gtctccttgt gggtttagat tatccaattg tgtctataga agaccctttt 780gacaaggagg actgggaaca caccaagtat ttttcgagtc ttggaatatg tcaggtccaa 840ctcggttccc ctactattaa cggttcacat agattttgtg ttctttcaga tcacactgtc 900ttctgattct tttctcagag tcaaatatct aaagagagag acccttaaat cttcttgtac 960aatcattttc cttgtctaaa ttctcagtgt taaactcttg taggtggtag gtgacgattt 1020gttgatgtca aattcaaaac gagttgagcg tgccatacag gagtcttctt gtaatgctct 1080tcttctcaag gtatttcgtc cgtcctattt tgtttattac tatgtattac ctgtgcacat 1140attgtatgtt tactgcctaa gaacgacaaa gacataatgt gcatacggtg atacaggtga 1200atcagattgg tacagtaaca gaagccattg aagtagtgaa aatggcaagg gatgcccagt 1260ggggtgtggt gacatctcat agatgtggag aaacagagga ctctttcatc tctgacttat 1320ctgtgggtct cgcaacaggt gtgattaaag ctggtgctcc ttgcagagga gaacgtacta 1380tgaagtataa ccaggtctgg atc 1403971140DNAArtificial sequencesequence of STAR A13 97gatccatttc atatacatat taccaatttt ggcttttata ggtttgtatc cagaaggcct 60tttcgtggct acgattaagg aaaatacgaa aacaaaagtg aattttacta cttttgtagc 120atggtttatt ctactttata tacctaagaa atatgagcaa caattacttc tgtaatgact 180ttttactact tcgtagttgg tacaaactac aaaagattgt gttgttttta catgatactt 240tataatatct atattaatat atttagtcgt gtttaatcaa aaaagcacca gtggtctagt 300ggtagaatag taccctgcca cggtacagac ccgggttcga ttcccggctg gtgcattgag 360ctatgatgat ataggcttca gcattggttg ggtccattgc attcttctga actatcagtt 420gatgtatgcc acacctctga gctcttcttt ttttttcctc gtcaattaat tttttaaagt 480tttgtctgcc taaaaacttt cttctttttg attaatcata ttaagcatct cggctataaa 540aaccacggtc tactaactta acatgcattg gactagtttt agtggagagt gttcgagtta 600aaatgagaag ctcacgattg cataacggaa catttgattc gctaggcatc tccatttgta 660aaagtagcca ctccaataca aaatggtcga tgatggtgag tgggtgagac aaacccacca 720ccacctcaag aagatatatt tctctggtta agaatttgaa tggttgacaa agaaacggtc 780actctatata cttagaaaat atagtcatac atagacacca tcggtctagt tataataata 840accactggat taatgcccag tgaaaataat tgagtagcca aaacatgaat ataacaatat 900cccaatttac atacaacaac acaaaggagg ttttacacga ttctatagta caaactcata 960acaacaaaaa atcacacttt tgtttaacag ttgcctttat ggctttacta cagtatcttg 1020tccagggttt tcacacataa caatcacagt aaatcgtttc cttttctttg catcttccat 1080tccttttgta cacgtaacat ctccggcttc ccgaccatca gctaagaacc agatgcgatc 1140982125DNAArtificial sequencesequence of STAR A14 98gatccagcaa ctaagtctta tgctcaagtg tttgctcccc accatggatg ggctatacgg 60aaagctgttt ctcttgggat gtatgctctt cccacaaggg ctcacctact taatatgctc 120aaagaggatg gtgagttcat caactagtta atatgctcaa agtggatggt gtgtttgata 180aactagtagt ttaagtagtc agattagttt caaggtcttc acaggattag gtagatatca 240cggcaatatt tggcctgtat aagtcctggt atcataagag agaactcttt gagattcaca 300ttggttttaa gttcatttgg cagtaggata ttagattttg aattttccaa tactatctct 360gtttgagatt tcataaatcg agtttcttct tcattatgtt cgctgacgat attgtttttt 420tcatttattt atgaatgttg ttacagaggc ggcggctaag atacatatgc aaagctatgt 480caattcatcg gcaccattaa tcacgtatct tgataatcta ttcctctcca agcaactcgg 540tattgattgg tgaagagcct gaaaaaaagg cataactatt gttactcttt agacaaaata 600acctatgttc tcacatcaag ctatgtaatg tcataacaac agcgacgaaa tacattggaa 660taaattgagt atgtccttaa tctgtcgttt tatctcttct tttaataaac acagtttatc 720tcatagtaag cagaagaagc tttacacggg ttgtaggaac gtattaaacg gtttgtttca 780atttcactct ctttggtttt gaaattctag tataaaccaa agtagttggt gcttcaagtt 840gtgttactta ttcaacaaaa aaatatatta tttttaattt ttaattttcg taggtaagat 900tacatagtaa caaaatgtta aatttaacaa tgtaagatta ctatgtaaat gcatgggcac 960cagtaatcac gtatcttgat gatatatatc cctaatccaa gcgagtcggc atttattggt 1020gaagaatctc aagactcata gtcatcgcta gttaacaatc tttttcggac aaaagcgtct 1080tcgttaaaat tcggcattat taaccttttt gcccttttaa aatcagaaaa tttctgtttt 1140actggtattt ttctttgacg attcaatttt ttagttgtat tatatatatg aaagaagctt 1200aactctctct cacagcttga tatgtcagta tctaaaacaa gcaatacata atttaattaa 1260tttatcataa aatatttatg attaaaaagt aaagaagata aatattaaaa agctaaatgt 1320ctcttataat ttaaaaataa aaattaaaaa ggattgaaaa gtaaagaaga taaatataaa 1380gaaactatta gtatcttata aataaataaa taaactaaaa attgaaatat aattatttta 1440gttttgaatt aagaaaatat taaatataaa aaaaattaaa cataaagaaa ctatatatat 1500cttgtaatta aaaaattaaa aaaaaatgaa aaatgagaaa aaaaatataa actcttcatc 1560atataattaa tgaaatttaa aaacttattg cttttaattt tttgtacaat aattaaggaa 1620atttagaaat taattattaa ttttagaaga aaaatgttaa aatagtttaa tagttttgat 1680tcactaaata catgtgtaca tatatgatgg tatgaggatc aagaaagtgc cgtaaaatgt 1740aaaacttcca atgttcctta gtgaaaaatg ttaacttttc tgttgacaag acgtgtatat 1800aaacatcacc tataccggag aagaagaaga cacaaaacaa agttaaaaag aagaaatttt 1860tggtgcagtg aattcgaaga gcaatatgaa gaatattggt tacattatta tagccacctt 1920gcttgttggt ctcctcctca tcatggctct agtggcgagt ttctattggg ccaaacgaca 1980tgtcaaatgt tgtggcggag agggactgtc gtcaaaggat gtgttcaatt tacttataca 2040attggttgct tttattctgc tttgtggttt atttgcttat ttggtatttt tggtttagat 2100tagtaaccta aagccatagc agatc 2125991196DNAArtificial sequencesequence of STAR A15 99gatcagcaat tacagttgga tggaaaaaga gagacgagaa tgtatctgct gctggtgact 60ttaaggtagg ctgagtacca aattgcattc tgactgttct tacctcgacc acctttctta 120ctttccctag ctctaatctt gctattacta gattgaatct ggtggactcg gagcatcagc 180tcgttatact cgtaaacttt catccaaatc tcatggtcgc attgtgggta gaatcggaag 240gtatgtttta ttgacaatcc cgagcaacct aatgtatgat gtgcgagagg atagaaatca 300ttttttaagt tgtctttaca tgtgtggcgc aatcattgtt ctcattttac tttggaattt 360tttttttaac ttattcagca atgctcttga gattgagctc ggtggtggaa ggcaaatttc 420tgagttcagt acagtaagaa tgatgtatac agtaggactc aaggtaaact actctttaaa 480actttcggag ccatcttagc cattatgcaa tctgcttatt tccggtactc ttatactttg 540tttgtagggt attttctgga aagtagagct acaccgtggt agccaaaagc tgattgttcc 600cgtgagtgtt actttcttcc tttcttttct tgtggtgtca tgtctgctgt cttcggataa 660gaaccgaaca gattgtgtct taatctgtgg agtagaatat attaaaaaag cataaaccaa 720tagaaccaaa gaccaatcct aaaagcctag ggatggattc tagagcatta tccttgactc 780tctgaaacct ttacccaact caattatgga caaagacaaa catccgtatt actctgggga 840agtctttcac ttttgacacc ttcatgatga ttatctttga aacgtgcaga ttctactctc 900cgcacattta gctccagtat ttgcaactgg agcattcatt gttccaacat ctctttactt 960tttgttaaag gtgagtgatt ggaccctcta aatataatct acttttggtc tattgttata 1020agctgtttac cttattaaac attttcactg ttccacgcag aaatttgtgg tgaagccata 1080tttgcttaaa agagaaaaac aaaaggcctt ggagaatatg gagaaaactt ggggccaggt 1140gattgttact tccgagtttg gtagccaagc gagattcctt gtaattgtag atgatc 1196100692DNAArtificial sequencesequence of STAR A16 100gatcgctttc agtctatcat gttttgagcc ttattttggg agcgatgtat taatattttg 60cctgttcttt attttttgtg ttgcagacat acaatgaagt gcagcggtgt tttctgactg 120ttggcttggt ttaccctgag gatttgttta catttcttct taacgtaagg acatcttttg 180ttttatgatt atggctctag ttattctttg tatatgtaac gcaaaacggt ggcaatacct 240agcactcata ttagactcaa gaactattcc ttgccacaca tctgtgtgat atttatatgg 300gctttttatc ttacatattt gaaatccctg tcttccttgt atactttcac cagaaatgca 360agttgaaaga agaccctttg acgtttggtg ctctttgcat cttgaaacat ctgcttccga 420ggtgtattct tttatccttc atcagtataa cttatcattc agagttaatt taccatccta 480acttaatgat gttgcattgt gttcgaaggt tgtttgaagc atggcactca aaacggcctc 540ttttggtgga tactgcaagt tctttgttag atgagcaaag tttagctgtt cgaaaagccc 600tttcagaggt actgagctgg cgtagatttt cttatttact actaaaatat gcatgcttta 660gcatagtgct tctactttaa tgacagttga tc 6921011826DNAArtificial sequencesequence of STAR A17 101gatcacgata attttcctta attatctaat tctaagatag tctaaccatg aatattctta 60taatatctta actgtatagg agattctatt ttcatcccta aattatattc gtaattttat 120tcggatatac ttgcttttat tttcgtcaac agatatatat atatatatat atatatatta 180tttattttta attttcatta aaattagtga tttaattctc tattatttgt gtactatata 240aaacaaacaa atgaatctta taatgtttgc tttttcgtcc ataaatattt ccgggaaaaa 300tcgttagata taaatcgaac ctagtggtga gtgactcaca cacatgtgac aattcccaaa 360ataagtcccc cacgtacgct atgtctgttt tagtgtgcat gtagtaacta ttatttactg 420atttagaata taactagcat ttggccccta tttagggata acattgtttt agattatatc 480tgttacaact tttaactaaa aattttaaaa taaagcagac agtattaata tacaacaaat 540ttattatcat tgatcgaaga atatacaaag attaagaaaa agatataaag aaggtacaac 600ttttctaccc aatgaatcaa ttgcgatagg caataactaa caaatcaaga gtttagaaat 660ataagagagt ataagtacga aaattatgct gggtatatac atgtccgctt atttcatcat 720tagctccaac caattgtaat gtgttcttct tctcatcatc agtaattcag tttacaaaca 780ttcgttgaca cccaaagctt ggaagtctaa aaaaaaatgt aaaatgtgca caaataagta 840actacatgac gcagacgctg cctttgaaac aatatcaaag atattgcaga tataaagaag 900taaaataaga gatgacttta aaattgaagt atttgtatta atacaaaaat cttgcgtgaa 960aatacaattg cagtttaata caaaaaagaa attgcagata taaagaagta aaataagaga 1020tgaaagaaga atagtaaaaa gtatgagaat taatttacca tcaaaaaaac acttgagctt 1080cgattaagat attaaactca cccttgtttt aaggcaactg ttcagatgag aagccaaaat 1140ttgtcgttgt tccttgagtg tttgtgagac gggagaatca taggcattga ttgtattaaa 1200gaataatcct atggaaaaat ggagatgtat gagagaaatc gaattcagtc aaataaagca 1260gaaacaaagc aaaaaaaaaa aaaaaccata gaaatctaga agaaggatat atgattttcg 1320gatctatgga aaatttctat atatataaaa caaaattaca aacagaaata gaagatggta 1380aattggttca ttgagatgaa caaagtacct gatttctgag taatcgatta atgatgttga 1440gaaacccatt tttgagattt tacacagtag tcatggagtt tttggaagag agaaagtgga 1500gatgtggaga tcgtggggat gaaagagaaa atcatttgag aaagaaacaa agttaaataa 1560aaacgacaca tactatgcgt aaaaatgaaa aaataaaaaa tagtactaag ctgatgtgtc 1620aatcactgaa tgcattagtt attggaaaag tgactgctga tttagtatat ttagattaga 1680gaaaataaat acttgtaatc atttttctta ttagcaatgt tgaagtgaaa aaaaaaagaa 1740gaaaaaagtg tatatttatc atactcatag tgggaaattg ataattcaaa attgctgata 1800aacgttatga aagaaggtgg aggatc 18261021590DNAArtificial sequencesequence of STAR A18 102gatctgttga ttggttaaat cgacgatctc aacggcggag gaagtgacga tgaaggcgcg 60gcagagagga caattagagt gagatttcaa ccaagtatca atacaaggaa cgtgaaacgc 120gtggttgcat ttaggtaaca atctcaagct ctcgttctct tgaaactcgc ttaaacaaac 180agagcaatct gaagattcaa caaatccatc catctttctg tatttgtaaa cagttatcga 240tttaatcaga gattcatcga gtccatcgcc accaccacca ccaatcgttt gattcggatt 300cgtagctccg ttgttgttgt tgttgttggt tccttgccag gtgtaatctg atgagattct 360gtttatagct gcggcggagg tagaggagga gttgtggcga cggcggtggc agtatttgga 420gatgagagtg tagtagctga cgaggatgaa ggcgctagcg aggattccga tgagagcgat 480gaggagagga gagaaatcag aggaggaaga gtcgtcttcg tcgtcgagat agaaggaagg 540aggaggaggg aagatgacgt aacaccattg agggcaatag acactgcata ctccttgaga 600acagtctctg tatgaatcgt atgttgtacc ccatggatta gggtttcctg ttgaacccat 660tatttgattg ttggagaaag atagagagag agagcaagga agaagatgga ggtgtcaagt 720gtctctctcc tttttctttg ggctctgctt ttgtctggta agtgtctatt tttttatttc 780gagttaattg gtattattag aggagataat gaataaatat atatgttcat gaaagctttt 840gcatgatggt gttaatacta attgaatgat gtttatagtg aatgttctac tttatcaaat 900ttttatttct agtatgaata aaggtgtaga atttgcttta ttcattttta ttctttagct 960ttctctttat gcttccattt tttttaaaga taaattaata cattagtaaa ataaatggag 1020ttcatttttt ttttttttga ttttattttg agaaatgaga acgtaacata agaagtgttt 1080tagtgttgac gaaataaaaa gagagagagg gtttagtcta tttcaaggca taaaaaaatg 1140gttggtgaag tgttgacgaa ggtggaatac tataacatgg gccacgtgga tgacaaattt 1200actcctcgac gtatctatta aagttgtggt cagaaataca gtacaattta ccgactacct 1260acatggaaga agaatatttt catttcattt caactacagt agtataacat tcacgttata 1320cgatttttca tttttgtttt gtaatcaaag taatgatttt ccaaaaaaat cattgctatg 1380attcgaatac atacagtttt atattagttt acatatttat gacaactata atacaaaatt 1440ttaatagttg ttcaagggac gattgatgtg aactcgccaa ccatatgccc tacgtacaaa 1500ataacatatt tacatgtaga agttgaaaat aataataata aagtgtgatt aaaaacaatt 1560atacaaatgc taacaatagg ctacgagatc 1590103706DNAArtificial sequencesequence of STAR A19 103gatcttgatg tgtgttttgt gtttttgtta ttgcaggatg tatgtttcat agtgagacag 60ggcttaagag
ctttgaccat ccgactaata tgatgaaggc aatgccgagg attgatagtg 120aaggtgttct ttgtggagct agtttcaaag ttgatgcttg ttctaagatc aatagtatcc 180ctagaagagg aagtgaagct aactgggcgc tggctaattc tcgttgattt tgcttctagt 240ttcgttaact cttgcttctt tgttgcgttt tctttttatg tactcttgtt tatgtaaata 300tagccttatg aagacgataa agaaataaaa ttgatttgct tcttcgtgac atagcagtct 360ttacttagac aactgtgtga taaattcgca atctcactct ttgatagata agagggaggg 420aagaaagcag tggtaaagac aaaactgtgt tgattttgtg aatttagaag tttacaatag 480caaaaaagaa actttggtcg acttttatca ttcatcgttc cacatgtctg taaattcatc 540aggctccaat gggtttgaga gttcatgcat ctttcttctt gtttttgcct ttattttctt 600agcaaatttc ccagctttat ttcttttctc caaagctcga atctaaaagg caggaaattg 660gaatatatga gaactctgac agataatcat atatagcaat gtgatc 7061042064DNAArtificial sequencesequence of STAR A20 104atcgtttcaa agcatggtct aatgatgatc ctgatctccg actgatccaa taacggttaa 60gcaacgctgt ttttgatcct ccattgttgt ttgccatcga tcaacactca gaaataaggt 120aattaacgca tctcgagact cattgtttta acaatctttg ttttgtttct tccaaattat 180tctcgtgaat atccgtaatc tctccgtctt ttaatgaaca acacatatca tatgcttttg 240tttgttttgt tttgtttttt caacatttca ataattttgt ctttttttct tcgatttaat 300ttgtttattt cctgctataa taaacgaaaa ctataattcc atgtaatgtt cgttgttgtt 360catagtgatt tatcataacg agcaacaaca taaaaatcaa gagaataaga aattagagtt 420atgctgctta tttgaattag acaaaaccta cttttacttg ttaaggaaat gaaaagatgt 480taataaagat gagcacatcg tacgtggcgc acgtggaagc acttctgtac gacggaccca 540gtccaactcg aaccccacac acatagcaaa ggttgttaag ttggctcgta ggtgaattta 600atacctgtta tttcctttat agctggctaa ttacctaaat tcgatccata ataacacatt 660cctactatgc caacatttaa ccctagtcaa actaattaaa acgtttctta ctttttggcc 720tattaaaacg tttcattatg ttccgcaaat agtatgaaat atataaagat tttctaacaa 780aaaattacta agaacagtta gactgattga gattgttttt atttcctttt atttaatttt 840cttttattat actctgttta tttgtgttta ataattagga ttctatttgt cttgtcttgt 900ttgctatagt tggagttttg ttcataaaga atggcgttta atacggctat ggcgtctaca 960tctccagcgg cggcaaatga cgttttaaga gaacatattg gcctccgtag atcgttgtcc 1020ggtcaagatc tcgtcttaaa aggcggtggt atacggagat cgagttccga caatcacttg 1080tgttgtcgct ccggtaataa taataatcgc attcttgctg tgtctgttcg tccggggatg 1140aaaacgagtc gatctgtggg agtgttctcg tttcagatat cgagttctat aatcccaagt 1200ccgataaaaa cgttgctatt tgaaacggac acgtctcaag acgagcaaga gagcgatgag 1260attgagattg agacagagcc aaatctagat ggagccaaga aggcaaattg ggtcgagagg 1320ctgcttgaga taaggagaca gtggaagaga gagcaaaaaa cagagagtgg aaacagtgac 1380gttgcagagg aaagtgttga cgttacgtgt ggttgtgaag aagaagaagg ttgcattgcg 1440aattacggat ctgtaaatgg tgattgggga cgagaatcgt tctctagatt gcttgtgaag 1500gtttcttggt ctgaggctaa aaagctttct cagttagctt atttgtgtaa cttggcttac 1560acgatacctg agatcaaggg tgaggatttg agaagaaact atgggttaaa gtttgtgaca 1620tcttcattgg aaaagaaagc taaagcagcg atacttagag agaaactaga gcaagatcca 1680acacatgtcc ctgttattac atccccggat ttagaatccg agaagcagtc tcaacgatca 1740gcttcatctt ctgcttctgc ttacaagatt gctgcttcag ctgcgtctta cattcactct 1800tgcaaagagt atgatctttc agaaccaatt tataaatcag ctgctgctgc tcaggctgca 1860gcgtctacca tgaccgcggt ggttgctgcg ggtgaggagg agaagctaga agcggcaagg 1920gagttacagt cgctacaatc atctccttgt gagtggtttg tttgtgatga tccaaacaca 1980tacactaggt gctttgtgat tcaggtaata tgtgttcaaa gttactactt tcaagcaaat 2040cctctgtttc ctcacatcat gatc 20641051834DNAArtificial sequencesequence of STAR A21 105gatcttcttc tatatatacc ggtataagtc aactggcggc tgaacaaagg tcgtgaggta 60acaaaatatg agacaaatct acaggtcaga ttgggttctg aattctgata aggtcttaaa 120aaggagctca ccaacccaca aaaccatgga ttgaacaagt acaggtcatt gccttcattt 180tattctttac ttttctaagg ctcaagcttc ctttattgcc tttaataaca atatactaat 240gagtattttg cactcagtaa caaaattcag gagagtaatt ttttgcccta acatgttact 300tttatgtgtt aagagtttag aattttggat ctatgatttt agtttttgtt agggaatcat 360attcatataa ataaaatatt gccattgact taattgttgt tattcaccta atttctctcc 420aaatttggtc atttacctca gttgattcta tattatactt gctaagtgtt ctttgtctaa 480ttctctatca ttgtttgatt taataataac caaaccttaa gacttggaag caaagaagag 540agaaaatccc aattaatttt taataattca aagagagata ttgagtgact tccactaata 600caaagaaagc ttggtttgtg caatattttg cggttaagct attaattgct gaggcaacac 660cttttcacac tttgctttcc ttcttccaag ttttcaactt ttctttctta ctctttctat 720taatcaaact gcaacacaaa aatcatttgg ataatacatg tttagaagat gattaagctt 780tagttttatt tcaagattat cataattgtt atctgttgtt acctacattc atataatctt 840atcaaaaacg ataaagacaa aaaggggata caatataggt ttttattata aagaaacagg 900aaagaaagaa aagggttttc accaaacgaa attagttcaa tcatttaaat tatctttatc 960cttatgatta gtgtctttat atctgtcata tgctgcttct ccttccaact tcctttggat 1020tatattctct tctctttatt ttaatttcca tttgtggtag ctgttttatt ttttgtattt 1080tcacgccgtg tccctttaaa ataatattaa ctacaccact aatgttggaa catgaaaaac 1140atgaatgagg taattatgat gatgaaccaa atgttaagga caagctcggt gtaactaaga 1200agataattag tgaaacagaa caagtcaata acttgtaagc atttcagaat tgaaaataaa 1260gataagggag gatgaatatg aatttagtaa atgggtaatg aaagtgaaag aagaagaggg 1320aagggttggt tactgtctca agggtttgaa atggagacgg ttgcttgaga atgaggaaaa 1380agagttagta agtttttaac tctctctttc tctctccctc tctctttttc aacgtcaatt 1440cctttaagga atggcctctc tctctctctg aaagtgtgtg tgtatatatt aaacgactcc 1500atttctcctc tgcttagacc aaaactcatc ttctatactg caacaaagaa ggaggagccg 1560ttgagactac aaaatgactg cagcagaaaa cccttttgta tctgacacct cttctctgca 1620aagccagctt aaaggttctt atttttcttt ctgtttattg ttcatcaacc cttatgagta 1680atttgcttga tgttgaggtt gttctgcttt cttttaattc cactctgcag aaaaagagaa 1740agagcttttg gctgctaaag ctgaagttga ggctttgaga acaaatgaag agctcaaaga 1800cagagtcttt aaggaggtaa catgcatgat gatc 1834106751DNAArtificial sequencesequence of STAR A22 106gatccattaa gaagcagccg caaaatcgga ttgagaacag gaaaagaggc ggttaaggct 60tatgatgaag tcgttgatgg gatggttgaa aaccattgtg cccttagcta ttgttcaact 120aaggagcact cggagactcg tggtttgcgt gggagtgaag aaacttggtt cgatttaaga 180aagagacgaa ggagtaatga agattctatg tgtcaagaag ttgaaatgca gaagacggtt 240actggagaag agacagtatg tgatgtgttt ggtttgtttg agtttgagga tttgggaagt 300gattatttgg agacgttatt atcttctttt tgacagaaat acattgaaaa ctaccgttgc 360taatttgata ggtatacata tatagacatg tatatattgt ataattatat gtcaagatta 420tttatttatt ttacattttt cacaaaaaaa aacgttaatc tatttttctg tcacaagtgt 480gtttttattc atactacata ctacaacgcc aatttaacat gccaaatata aaacatacat 540gggcaaaggc ccaacagcca gtttaaagaa ctttgtctga agagaaagtt gttgtatata 600tcacaaggga tatgtggtaa ttgggaaaca tgttgggttg acacgtggga aattgaagga 660gatggagttt ccgtcactgg tagaatcttc taacactaga gagcttcaat tcaggttgaa 720atcgtcagaa aactaatgca gacggtagat c 751107653DNAArtificial sequencesequence of STAR A23 107gatcaaaact tagtcaaatc gttccttcca ttttctttca gtttgattcc actttaatgg 60cgtcataatc atctcttaaa tcaaacaatg actccactat ctcgtttccg atctcttgtt 120acataaagtt ttctgtagca ttgagattgt ccttttcgga attgctttta tttgcgcagc 180ttgatggaaa caacaaacag tgtagtagtt tagtagaaag actgagagat aaaacgaaga 240gtcaagttcc taagtccatt acttgcatta accgcttaga gatatcgcgt atagcaccat 300tacacgcaac gatgaatagc ccgaaaggat ttggacctcc tcctaagaaa accaagaagt 360cgaaaaagcc aaaacccgga aaccaaagtg atgaagacga cgacgatgaa gacgaagatg 420atgatgatga agaagatgaa cgtgagagag gtgtaattcc agagatagtg accaacagaa 480tgataagcag aatgggattt acagtggggt taccactctt cattggtctt ttgttcttcc 540cattctttta ctatctcaaa gtgggattga aagttgatgt gcctacatgg gttccgttta 600ttgtttcgtt cgtcttcttt ggtacggctt tagctggtgt gagctatggg atc 653108548DNAArtificial sequencesequence of STAR A24 108gatcagactg aactcgtgta ctctgagcct tgcttcttgt agctctttta gctttcacat 60tttcatcagt attcacatca ttcctgataa ttgtgccaga agtcccacga ctatcttgtt 120gctcactaat ggttgctgct gcagatgatt ccatgttgtc ctcttgtgaa accccaatgc 180ttcgtctagc aactgtattt cttgcacttc ctgctttgcg gtttttacat ttggatgatg 240caactttaac tttaggtagc ttcttttgag taagatcaat ctcatctcta cctaggacct 300gcaaatcgat gaaatttgag ttcatttcaa cacacttgat gacactatca tagaaaacaa 360aaagaccttg ctgtaccaga gtgaagaaca gcctttacct tggccttcac aggactaggt 420agaatctccg gagaacaagg cctctgagtc cattcaaaca tttcgctatc aaacatgtca 480cctggattgg gcttttgttg ctcgtcttcc tgaaacattc atcggaaaaa aagtaagatc 540aaaggatc 5481091000DNAArtificial sequencesequence of STAR A25 109gatccaaact ctgcaatgta tattacgaag tcgtttgata taacacctct cttgataaaa 60gatgattaga acctaaagta attttaaaat atggtgaaaa attagactct tggagtatat 120aaatggctca atctgtattg cccgcaccgc ccaaactccc atggcaaatc cattgacgaa 180accaaggtaa aaatcacatg ctttgagcgt ttttttaaaa cagaagtgta agcttaaatt 240ttttagttta atagtagtaa caaattcaac cttgtgaaga gatttattaa taatattaaa 300atcattcccc taattatttg ccttgagttt cgagccttct actgtaccac tcacacatta 360aaaatcatca gactattcaa actttcttac atggttgatt agttcatctc atatatgctc 420agtatcatac tcttgcagat taatttttca ttttaattat caacgaattt tttatttaat 480tattcatgac caaaatacat ttattttttt taaataaaac aaataataaa tttggaagtc 540aaaaatacaa tcaatagaaa aaaaagtatg acagtgatag ataatatttg cagaatatta 600tgtgaaagct attttctctg taacaataaa tgagaaaatc tttattattt tacatgaaag 660aaaaagaaaa caaaacagag atatttttcc agctgaaaag aacaaacatc tctcattgat 720gttcagtgaa cttgcaccaa acttcacttc ttctatactt cttcatagcc acaaactcag 780ttctttgcaa gaaacacaaa cttaagtatt caaaatatcg tcatcatgtt ctcaagattc 840catgctctgt ttcttctcct tgttctttca gtaagaacat ataaatgtgt atcttcatct 900tcttcttctt cttcttcttt ctcattctct tcattttctt cttcgtcttc ttctcaaact 960cttgtcttgc ctctaaagac ccgaataacc ccaacggatc 10001101926DNAArtificial sequencesequence of STAR A26 110gatcctcgat tcttatctgg atacagaaga aaacaccttt ttgtctttta agtactcgga 60gaaatctgag ggtatctttt tcttgagcag atggaggtga agtcctgagt tggggaggag 120ggggctctgg aagacttggc cacggtcacc agtccagtct ttttggcatc ttaagaagta 180acaggtttgt tttacttaat ttcaatatcg ttttgtctct ttctcatgca ttttttgctc 240acaagaattt tcccatttcc tcctttactt tatcatgatt ccttcataat tttcttgtat 300tgcactgtaa agtatccccc tgattgcagt gagtttactc caaggcttat caaggaactt 360gaggggatca aggtaatcta gtggtgaaga atatccacct tggatgaaga gtttctagtt 420acctagtggt ggttttaatc tttagacttt catgcttatg tttttccatt ctttctgtcg 480agcactaggt cacaaatgtt gctgctggtc tgctgcattc agcatgcact gatggtattg 540atttactttc ttaaaagtat gaatgttgtg ccatttaccg aactttatga ggtttgtttg 600caaatgcaga gaatggctct gctttcatgt tcggagagaa atctataaac aagatggtaa 660gaaaatgtct ttttctttga tttctgtggt catatatgtg aagctatctg atgggaaaat 720acagggcttt ggaggagtaa gaaatgccac aacaccatcg attatcagtg aagtaccata 780tgcagaagaa gttgcatgtg gtggctacca cacatgtgta gttacaagta atactctctt 840attatatcgt tctttctttg atattgagtt tgcttgtata ctgcaaatgc ctgtcctgct 900caaatttctt tttgttattc tttatagagg cccaaaactg ctctttagtt tctgctaaat 960ttatgaacat attgtgtttg taagatggtc gataacaact catcgtttga tgtttccttc 1020gtttttggaa ggaggtgggg agctttacac ctggggctca aacgaaaatg ggtgccttgg 1080aacagagtaa gttacatacc ccgaaaaaat agaatgtttc cccataagat gaaaacaagg 1140ttcttgaact gtacctatac tcttatttca aaaaattcag ttcaacgtat gtctcacact 1200cccctgtgag agttgaaggt cctttcttgg agtctactgt atctcaggta tcttgtgggt 1260ggaagcacac tgcagctatt tcaggtagca tctcttttga gtaaaacata tttgtttcct 1320ctctcattgt ataagttaat tcaactcaat ttctgaaact tgtttgcaga taacaatgtc 1380ttcacctggg gctggggagg atctcacggc acattctctg ttgatggaca ttcctctggt 1440ggacaattgg tttgtttcat catcttatct tattgatcaa atctctgaaa caacattttc 1500aagtgtcgaa gagaataaat atggtatgct taatatgtag ggccatggta gtgatgtaga 1560ctatgcaaga ccagcaatgg tggacttggg aaagaatgta agagcagtgc atatatcttg 1620tggcttcaat catacagcag cagttcttga acatttttga agactcggtc tcaagttaat 1680atcatataca gatgtttagt ttattcttgc ttaaacatct atagactaaa aaaataataa 1740gaaatttaca ctattgaata gcgatcaatt acaccattgg ttctaacttg aacaatttag 1800taaataggtg gaatattctt gtcgtgtaaa ttattgattt tatttattta tttttgaaaa 1860ctacaacaaa cgatagaaga gttgaggaaa tctctttgta atcataatta tgagaaaatt 1920aagatc 19261111109DNAArtificial sequencesequence of STAR A27 111gatcggaatc attttgggag tttgaaggaa ctaaacataa tatgcatgtc gaagtcaact 60tattgcaaat aattttgaaa tgattctgaa ttggaaattc atgaagctta attattttat 120ctaaataagt ttaatatagg tttgagtgag atatcgagat taaatgataa gagtctttct 180tcgaggagac attagaattc tacacaaaaa tcgaaattaa tctagtcctt gacaatcagt 240tttcaattaa tcaaaaacct ataaaattca actcaaaacc aatcgtatga aacttcatta 300taccatataa tctggttact tagcttaaat ctctacccgg cgatgtttca tgcttgagag 360actaggtaca taggacacta ggagtactgc atatatggtt acctcatgag ttctcatcgt 420aaaatcatcc aataaaaaat ggtttcctgc ttaggtatac ggtataccat cttgtatcgt 480taaaatttat agctcagttc gttgctaaca gtcaaatacg tctttccagg gtaaaaaatg 540tggaaatttg ttccactgta aaaacctaat aatttttgac attaataatt aaaagggatt 600ataatgtaat atatacaaag ataggggaga cagagacgaa ggcccacaca tctttaacaa 660aagaacaaca agcccgtgac cccaaaataa aactagcttt cagatttatt atttttcatc 720tgacataatt gcaaccgtta gatttcattt ctcaggtccc attctgactc agatccaacc 780gtccatattc ctctagtgtc ttcaatagtt gggccccttt tctttttcct ctcgccgtac 840actctccttc cagcgccaac gccaccgccc gagccacttc ttccgccggc gccaccgcga 900tttcctcgcc ggaatcccct ccttcgccgc ctttcccgta gaccacggaa aggatgctta 960tggcgtattc tctccctcta ccagccaatc tcgccatcac cgctaccatc gccggcaccg 1020tcatcgcgtg agcgcgaacc tccgccgctc cttctgccgt tgtacacatt agctcaagag 1080cagctaaggc tcgctccacc gctgagatc 11091121659DNAArtificial sequencesequence of STAR A28 112gatcgaactt tggtaacatg cttgcttact gctttctatt gtctgcaaaa cctctgttct 60gggtgacctt ctggcccctc tctctcgaag cttcagaact atggaggaga gattggataa 120aggagacaaa aggtgtggtg tggcgaaatg ttagggtacc ggcaattgtg tatgtatgag 180ttgattttgt tcttttctca taaagaggat ttaacaaagg atgagaaaac aaatccaact 240tgagtactac gaggagataa aagcttttat tgggtattga gtattgacac gttgttgaaa 300gtctgataca ttttagactt ttactgcata tgtccaaata tttagatttt tttttcgttt 360ctcaaaaaag taacttgttt aacaaaaaaa aatcgttatt gggcttttcg tttcttttat 420attgggcctt gagccttttt agcttttgta tttttagtcc ttttcgggtt tatttattta 480ttaataagat accaaaaaca taacaaaaat gtagttttgt atttttaacc tagtctttta 540aatatttaaa cttaattaga aaaattctat ttaaaatatt ataaaaaaaa catgattttg 600tgattttccc atattttgtg taactatttt tgacaagctt ttgaaacaac aaagacaaaa 660tccatgtgat aaggtcggtc aaaaatcttg cgtagtagag gagttaaaga tttttggatg 720gttacaatgg tatactctta tttgatatcc catcaatggt atatagcttt gaatggtagg 780acaagtgaga gtaaaatttt ctcatcattg ctaagtttta ttttaggttc tacattgttt 840cacccttctt aagtatccta ctctcaacta gaaaaaaaaa ttgtgagggc ggttttatcg 900gctggaatgc agctcatgta gctcccacga cggagttttc tggctaagaa actcggacac 960aacgttggcc tccaatatct tcaaggcttc ttcattcgtc accgacctcg gtgtcttata 1020ctgactcaca gaagagcctc tagacagaaa gaagttcatg agcttgtcga aagcgccagg 1080cttaacaacc ttaatctcaa gtggtccaat gttcttatca ttctttcgtc cttttctgta 1140aaccgcgtcc agagactcct caatggtgaa gcagcattcc tccaaaacat tctggtcaag 1200ctcaagcttg gcgtccttga cttttctccc gagttcccag tagagcacgt agtgacctgg 1260atacgaggag gaatccacac ggctagtgaa atccatgagc attaggtcat gtggctcaag 1320caggagactc gcgttagtca ctgccttgag gaggtcttcg tcgtaggtct tgtccatgtc 1380gatgctcaga acaactttct gtcttcccac gaaatgaaac tgtggcgcat tgttgtagaa 1440accagtcact cttaaaacgt cccctaaacg gtacctatac aaacctgtat aaagaatttt 1500gatacacatt aagaaaatta ttaacatgtc atttagtttt gaaattgaga gagtaaacaa 1560gaaaaaacac ttaccagcaa acgttgtgac aacaggttca taatcatgac cgattttaac 1620atcgacaaga tcgactacaa caggattctc tgcgggatc 1659113874DNAArtificial sequencesequence of STAR A29 113gatcagagtc acaaccatag gagtcggaga cggccatgca tgtgtcttga tagaagaatt 60aaccggttct aaatctgaaa acgaatccgg tcgtctcgaa ccgaaatcaa taaccggtcc 120ggtcaaagaa acggttgcac gagtgaagga aacggttacg aaaacggagc cgttaatatg 180cgatgacgga gtgacaaagg ggaagctgac gatgtgctac gaggtagacg ttgacgttga 240cggtgggagg tgtgttaacg gagatttaac ggcagttagc tacggaggag gtttgggtaa 300ttgtggcggg gattggtggg agaaatggga tggagtggtg aggatgagaa atggtgatga 360cagttggtac cgttacgtgg atttaacggt gattaatgga aatgtggtaa ggttatggga 420tgacaacaaa acactagtaa cggcggcatg tgtctaaatt agagaagttt catatttcgg 480aaagttttta aatcttgaga agctttcttg gtttgaagtg tttttttttt gttggttgat 540taagttgtaa tttgtaaata attttcacac aagagaccaa gaaggaacgc ttaaatcaat 600atcaattggt gttgattccc agctttttct agtcgaactt aggtaacacg tccattgcga 660tgatgaattc gtgacaaggg gtcaactatt tgaacacaac aaacaagtgc gttttcttgt 720taaggcccat ctaaaattga ctacacacat ttacttttag gcccatttta aacttgactg 780tagcctgtag gcatgtattt gttcgtgtta ctcccagcct caaacccgca aaatccacga 840attcttctta cttagtctag actctggtct gatc 8741142138DNAArtificial sequencesequence of STAR A30 114gatctggcta atccgtttag cacacaacca gatgtaacat tggttgcaaa gattattgaa 60gagtctcgat ctaatgtaac acacctctgc gcattcagga gtgcttacgt caacacattc 120cgggaacgaa aaactgttag cgtatgtgta ttttaaagta ttaccatatt tctttatatc 180ttctagcacc tcctcacaaa tgtcacgtgc gtcctccgat tccaaagcat aatggttgct 240tccgaagagc cgaaggtaga caccacccat gtgagcatta ccagcacata tgtaaagaat 300tgcgcatgca agggttgcag cggcgttcct tggggcgatt cgctctaagt gtaggatagc 360tccctggatg tcagactcat gtgtaacgag acgcagtcct tcatggtaaa tagccgtggg 420gttaccagct tgtaagcacc gtttgaagaa gggtctatag cgaccttcgg agttgatgtc 480atttggatcg tggcctgccg cgtagaagtc atcgggatcg tcgcacatgc tgaaaatgtt 540tgcatttttg aggacatccg gacagtagac aatgtctctt ccacgaggac cggatttcaa 600cataggtccg aggtaccacc aacatttgtc agccattttc ttggctatct tcgcaagcaa 660atcgtcagga atatttgggt ttgtcatatt taggagtaag gtgtttcgag aaaatgaaat 720ttgaacactt aaataagcat cattgaagat atggttgggt aagttatggt tgtatttatt 780gcaaaggtat taagtgatga tgtgtattca tattgtcaaa tcaaagtaat agtattccat 840atataatttg ttatcgttgt tatgagcaac ctctttttat taacagctta aaactagacg 900tgtacgtttt actgacggtc ttagtgtacg tccacattta catttctaca tttactcaac 960aaacagtgta cgttgtagtg tatgttttag tgaacgtcca catttacatt tctacatttg 1020cccaacaaac
agtgtacgtt gtagtgtacg tccacattta catttctaca tttgcccaac 1080aaacagtgta cgttgtagtg tacgtttaag tgtacgtcca catttacatt tctacatttg 1140cccaacaaac agtgtacgtt gtagtgtacg ttttagtgta cgtccatatt tacatttcta 1200catttactca acagacagtg tacgctgtag tgtactatta gtgtacgtcc attcataaat 1260atcaccattt atgagacaaa ccaaagacct catacgtttg catgtgttat tttttagtgt 1320acgttagagt tgatatctca tgctagtgaa cgtccatatc tagttttccg agacaaagaa 1380aaaacctcta agtattattt ggtagatgca cgtgtacgga gttgtggacg cttagatttt 1440aatatccaaa tttacattta ctgcagtgtc taaatatcat atgtgaattt ggctgaaaaa 1500tattcaactt gagaaacata acacaccttg caaatttctt aagcaataat ataatttcaa 1560cataaacata aacaacatag tagaaggctt atcataattt gaaacatgac atagcggata 1620acataaacaa acatataaag tagaatggaa taactatagc atttgactaa cacgcctggc 1680acacgaccag aggtaacagc ggttgcaaac gttttggaaa gctcctgata ccatgtaaca 1740atataaggcg caaggaggca tactaattcc atggctggta ggataagaga acgtaggacc 1800atatgtattg ctgtatggag ggtcaaactt ctttatttcc tcgatgaact catcacccaa 1860aactcgagtg gcaaccgagt ccaatggata atggttgcgg gtgaagagct gtagaaacaa 1920gccgcccata taatcatacc cagcacatat gaatacaatg gcgcatgcaa gtgttgcatt 1980tgctcgtact ggagcatgac gctgtaagag cctgatggct ccattgatgt ttcgttcatg 2040cgttagaaca cgaatacctt cgtaatacac ggccgtggga ttattagctg caaaacacct 2100taagaaaaat gttcgatgtc ggccttcatc agcggatc 21381152092DNAArtificial sequencesequence of STAR A31 115gatcaaaaga atcgtacttg aaatatttag tggaacgcat atgtcagagt tacagatatg 60gtttaactct ttttatctcc tttttttaat ggtgtttctc tttttatctc ctataatctt 120ttgggaattt tttattatta aatattaatt aaaaagataa attcttagag aaaatcccaa 180ctgacttgtt aactagtgag acatatctta tttattctct gcttatctaa aaagaaaatg 240aaaaagaaaa aaaaagtata tattagaaga ttaatataag tttaggggga aaatgattat 300tattactatt tataaaatta gtatatttca aaattgtaca attaattact aagccttaaa 360ataaaaatgt aaaagaagat tatcatcaag aatagtatac catctttgtt tcaaaagaaa 420agtttactaa aagaaaaaac ttttgtttaa tttctactaa agctgaaagg aaaatgattg 480tcaatttgtt attattatta tttatatgat agatttctta agaaacgtat agagttagtt 540acaaattcta aattaaaaat tgtatgataa gattatctta agaaagttat acaatatatt 600cctaattcta aaagaaaatg gttatttttt tggaatagat atacacaaca aaacaaattt 660agtataagaa gatatgttag attaactaaa taaacatctc aggcatgaaa ctggattagg 720ttaaccagag gtccagagac ctatatatct ctaggcatta gggtttaact acggagcaaa 780gcctcataat caagtttata tcttgcgcat ctttagcaac caatcaatta tctaagaagc 840catgactaat actaatgttg ctgctacaaa gcctctttct actatggtcg atgaatctcc 900tagccttctc cgtgattggt ggtgagactc tagatcaatg atttttctta cttttttccc 960attactatgt tatgttacgt aacataagat ggattaaact gaatctgatc ctcttaaatt 1020atattggttg cagtatgaac aagaacctac aatacaactt tgcgatgaac ttcgtcatga 1080taatcatcaa cattgaagca atcttgtcta tcagaaacca cgaaaatcac gtaaggaaag 1140attattcaac gattttgata atttccggta tgttcttgcc tttcgcctat taagttgcgt 1200ttgttgggtt ggcgcaatca gggatgtgac attatgtgaa ctcgcctaca tcttcggacg 1260catcagtcac aacataggct ttattttctt cctagaactc ctctattgta tttctcccta 1320cttggctcta ctcgttggtc tacatgtagg ccaatggtat ctaacttcca tgattggact 1380gtctctatgg gaaggaatgc aagcattacg aactgatatt taacctcgtt taatagtaaa 1440atctaaactt atttagctgc atattttggt ttaaggcaat cgagaatgtc ttagcatcta 1500aagcttactt cgtgggacgc atctgtcaca cgttcggctt ttgtattttc gtccacctcc 1560tctattcggt ttctcctcac ttggctctat acttcggtct cccttgtttg ctaggtttcg 1620tagccgtcat gattgcacca agttgtccgt atcaatggaa aggcctatgc aacaaagtgc 1680aagagttacg agactggtgg aagcatgtga atcgaccaca atcctcggtt gttattgttc 1740aaggatctcc atttctaaga tgtgaatttt aggactcttt tatccctttt gccttttaaa 1800ttggaatacc aacgtttatt atgtgggtta gttatgtgtg tatatgatat acaaatcaaa 1860caacatatat aaggagaaga gatattgaat gttgattctt aatttacagg aacatgaagc 1920tcgggtcttt ccggcaatgc catcaatatc cgaggcggtg cagtttcttc gtcagacgag 1980aaaccagaga gtctagtatc ctaattttga acaaatagag cataaaggaa caagttatat 2040agcttcacat aacccgaaac atgttttaag tttcaatatc aaagacaaga tc 20921161290DNAArtificial sequencesequence of STAR A32 116gatctagaca tatgtgtgag acgtttcatt gtaggtatct gaatgtaaag ctcaaagctt 60taacctttga accgataaac ctctaaagct ctctcttttc cttggatgag tctcacaagt 120taagaacttc agtgaaataa tctgacttta ttgaacccaa acttgggtat cactgtttat 180cttagcatta cagagttttg tttttgttat gtacattgga tttgaagtct acaatgtttt 240tccaggttta taaaccggaa gaatatagcc gggttctagc tatctgtggt cctgggaaca 300atggtggtga tggtttggtg gcggcgaggc atttgcacca ctttggatat aaaccgttta 360tttgttatcc caaacgtaca gccaagccac tttatactgg actggtcact caggtttgtg 420taaccagtgc ttaatttatg ggggatcttt gttagctttc tccgtttctt tactgcctgc 480tgaatttgcc tgtttttgta gttggattca ctctcagtcc cttttgtttc cgttgaggat 540ctgccggatg acttgtcaaa ggactttgat gttattgtag atgcaatgtt tgggttttca 600ttccatggta actatttttg tgcatgaatc gttagaattc ttcaaagcat gaaacaatta 660taagaagtaa attcatcaaa cttttgaaca gcaagttttg gaatcaaagt ctcagagatg 720caccttattc atttgcatca tgtttcagtt ggcctttgaa aatccatttt ttgcacatgt 780aggagctccc aggcctcctt ttgatgacct catccggcga ttagtatcgt tacagaacta 840tgagcagact cttcaaaaac acccagtcat tgtctctgtg gatattccct ctggttggca 900cgttgaagaa ggagaccatg aagatggagg aattaagcct gatatgttgg taagtcttag 960ccgaaatgct tgtgtttctc tttttctctt gtactcattt gttactatct gatataatga 1020aaactacttt ataaattgaa catatttact ctttttaggt atctttgact gccccaaaat 1080tatgtgcaaa gagattccgt ggccctcatc actttttagg tgggagattt gtaccacctt 1140ctgttgcaga aaagtataag ctggagctcc ctagttaccc agggacatct atgtgtgtta 1200gaattggtaa acctcccaaa gttgacatat ctgctatgag agtgaactat gtctctccag 1260aattgcttga ggagcaggtt gaaactgatc 1290117869DNAArtificial sequencesequence of STAR A33 117gatcccgttc atgtattttt gccagttcga gttggggttg gttctgttta ctttttctag 60tccatgtatt ttgcagacct attaaaacca ttctgttttt tttttggacc aacaaaaccc 120atccgttttt agatacgaaa ataaaatttt attaaaacca ttatttttct tggaccatca 180aaacccatcc gtttaaagat acgaaatgaa attcgattga taaatacaaa ataaagttca 240ccaaacttaa ataaaaaggc atagatggga ccaatgagaa agaaatttct tttctcctca 300atttccccaa aaatatataa accttaagtt tacttttttg ttgcaaggaa aaacattaat 360ctttttcaac tttctaaaaa caatcatttc aaacgttaaa ggaacctcct cctttcttta 420cgcgtttgca atataaccca agaagaccgc ttgtttgtac aactttccaa aaaccaaaca 480gtagtgtaat aaacctctga cttctttttt cttctctatt tttgtgggtg ataatcaatt 540cactcggttt gaaatttcgt ccacttttca aagatgagtg aatgaaaaag ccacgaaact 600ttccatttct tcctctgtgt ataactctca ctgagtacga cttgccattt tctcatccaa 660aaaaaatgtt tatccaaata catatttgtg aactttgctt ttaaaccact caagattctt 720ccccatggct tcttcgtctt cttcttctcg gtctcgcacc tggagatacc gcgtcttcac 780gaacttccat ggacctgacg tccgtaaaac attcctcagc catttacgta aacagtttag 840ctacaacggg atttcgatgt ttaatgatc 869118921DNAArtificial sequencesequence of STAR A34 118gatccatgct tttgagttta agtgatttat ttaagatcct ctaaactttt ttttcttcac 60ttagtggtgg ttccagtcaa tttagcaagt aagatgttgt atgtgtcaat gctataactg 120tgaattttca gctattgtag tttgattttt gtctttgtta gcttcaggtg tcttgaatct 180gaatctgtgg ctatatttgg tgctcggtgg tgagcaggaa gggaggggga tattgtcagg 240gttttaatgt acgtcagatg aatagagcaa ctaatgttac tggcagtaga aggagggggt 300ttattctcag cgtccgcgtc tgggtatagt aagggattga cccttctttt ctctggtgat 360aaagacgtag ataggcccat gagagttgtc ccgtggaatc actaccaggt ggttgaccaa 420gagcctgagg ctgaccctgt tcttcagctg gattctatta agaaccgagt ttcccgcggt 480tgcgctgctt ccttcagttg ttttggtggc gcttccgcgg gacttgagac cccttctcct 540cttaaagttg aacctgtgca gcagcagcat cgtgaaatat catcaccaga gtctgttgtt 600gttgtttctg aaaagggtaa agaccaaata agtgaagctg ataatggcag cagcaaagaa 660gctttcaaac tctcgttgag gagtagcttg aagaggccct ctgttgcgga atcacgctct 720ctagaagata taaaagaata cgagacgttg agtgtggatg gtagcgatct cactggtgac 780atggcaaggc ggaaagttca gtggcctgat gcttgtggta gtgaactcac tcaagttaga 840gaatttgagc cgaggtacgt gtgatatgtt ttcctcttat tgagttgctt aaatcccaat 900acgagttaat ttaagtagat c 9211191140DNAArtificial sequencesequence of STAR A35 119gatccatttc atatacatat taccaatttt ggcttttata ggtttgtatc cagaaggcct 60tttcgtggct acgattaagg aaaatacgaa aacaaaagtg aattttacta cttttgtagc 120atggtttatt ctactttata tacctaagaa atatgagcaa caattacttc tgtaatgact 180ttttactact tcgtagttgg tacaaactac aaaagattgt gttgttttta catgatactt 240tataatatct atattaatat atttagtcgt gtttaatcaa aaaagcacca gtggtctagt 300ggtagaatag taccctgcca cggtacagac ccgggttcga ttcccggctg gtgcattgag 360ctatgatgat ataggcttca gcattggttg ggtccattgc attcttctga actatcagtt 420gatgtatgcc acacctctga gctcttcttt ttttttcctc gtcaattaat tttttaaagt 480tttgtctgcc taaaaacttt cttctttttg attaatcata ttaagcatct cggctataaa 540aaccacggtc tactaactta acatgcattg gactagtttt agtggagagt gttcgagtta 600aaatgagaag ctcacgattg cataacggaa catttgattc gctaggcatc tccatttgta 660aaagtagcca ctccaataca aaatggtcga tgatggtgag tgggtgagac aaacccacca 720ccacctcaag aagatatatt tctctggtta agaatttgaa tggttgacaa agaaacggtc 780actctatata cttagaaaat atagtcatac atagacacca tcggtctagt tataataata 840accactggat taatgcccag tgaaaataat tgagtagcca aaacatgaat ataacaatat 900cccaatttac atacaacaac acaaaggagg ttttacacga ttctatagta caaactcata 960acaacaaaaa atcacacttt tgtttaacag ttgcctttat ggctttacta cagtatcttg 1020tccagggttt tcacacataa caatcacagt aaatcgtttc cttttctttg catcttccat 1080tccttttgta cacgtaacat ctccggcttc ccgaccatca gctaagaacc agatgcgatc 1140120381DNAArtificial sequencemouse ARE sequence 120gcccggtgct ttgctctgag ccagcccacc agtttggaat gactcctttt tatgacttga 60attttcaagt ataaagtcta gtgctaaatt taatttgaac aactgtatag tttttgctgg 120ttgggggaag gaaaaaaaat ggtggcagtg tttttttcag aattagaagt gaaatgaaaa 180cttgttgtgt gtgaggattt ctaatgacat gtggtggttg catactgagt gaagccggtg 240agcattctgc catgtcaccc cctcgtgctc agtaatgtac tttacagaaa tcctaaactc 300aaaagattga tataaaccat gcttcttgtg tatatccggt ctcttctctg ggtagtctca 360ctcagcctgc atttctgcca g 38112113DNAArtificial sequenceFRT sequence 121gaagttccta tac 131226DNAArtificial sequenceoligonucleotide 122aaaaaa 612334DNAArtificial sequenceAnti-repressor #40 sense primer 123atatgggccc ggtgctttgc tctgagccag ccac 3412434DNAArtificial sequenceAnti-repressor #40 antisense primer 124gagtgagtcg gacgtaaaga cggtcccggg tata 3412519DNAArtificial sequenceNramp1 target sequence 545 125ggacggctat ctccttcaa 1912619DNAArtificial sequenceNramp1 target sequence 870 126ggtcaagtct agagaagta 1912719DNAArtificial sequenceNramp1 target sequence 666 127gctttcttcg gtctcctca 1912819DNAArtificial sequenceNramp1 target sequence 915 128gccaacatgt acttcctga 1912919DNAArtificial SequenceNramp1 target sequence 2196. 129ggctcacaac catccataa 1913055DNAArtificial sequence915 shRNA forward 130tgccaacatg tacttcctga ttcaagagat caggaagtac atgttggctt ttttc 5513159DNAArtificial sequence915 shRNA reverse 131tcgagaaaaa agccaacatg tacttcctga tctcttgaat caggaagtac atgttggca 59
Patent applications by Patrick Stern, Cambridge, MA US
Patent applications by Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Patent applications in class Transgenic nonhuman animal (e.g., mollusks, etc.)
Patent applications in all subclasses Transgenic nonhuman animal (e.g., mollusks, etc.)