Patent application title: Emergency salvage of a crumbled oceanic oil well
Sumathi Paturu (Birmingham, AL, US)
IPC8 Class: AE21B4334FI
Class name: Submerged well means removably connected to permanent well structure surface vessel
Publication date: 2012-12-06
Patent application number: 20120305260
Oceanic petroleum oil wells, though evolving over decades in technology,
catastrophic events with mortality and morbidity, and damage to the
aquatic and terrestrial ecosystem are still threats to any ventures in
this intriguing avenue.
The present embodiments of inventions are directed to emergency measures
to weather through adversities of some commonly encountered situations.
They further include temporary and permanent reparative measures aiming
at salvaging the oil well, whose work and economic involvements are far
from normal dimensions. The novelty, simplicity, and workability in
situations when none such consolations exist, the instant inventions are
worthy of a try by all measures.
The author inventor, also has to invent a suitable aphorism, to write
along with: `When there is a thunder storm, rain or hail, a mansion may
await . . . yet a shelter had to be found, even if a doll house.`
1. An embodiment of invention, directed to innovative models encompassing
emergency devices designed to be working in synchrony, and their
plurality of methods directed to salvaging a crumbled oceanic petroleum
oil well, by means effectuating sealing an oil leak, and further
reparative processes, restoring either or both of temporary and permanent
functioning of the well structure, incorporating-- (1) Emergency
pneumatic sealing devices, and their stabilizing instruments for
effectively sealing a leaking oceanic petroleum oil well, with a well
head and inner casing disrupted, causing oil/gas spill into the oceanic
grounds, said devices made of steel and vulcanized rubber (polysulfide
elastomer) resisting petroleum analogs, and devised to effectively seal:
(a) an incomplete oil well devoid of production tubing and production
packer, having disrupted innermost casing, with the production casing
subject to be a dimension sealed, it's sealing device encompassing a
device of `Emergency Pneumatic Sealer Ensemble` (EPSE), either simpler
(the simple sealing device, SSE), or involved in it's structural design
(the EPSE Unit), (b) high production oil wells not destined for
production tubing, their disrupted production casing making an oil
conduit, subject to be a dimension sealed, it's sealing device
encompassing a device of Emergency Pneumatic Sealer Ensemble (EPSE),
either simpler (the Simple Sealing Design, SSE), or involved in it's
structural design (the EPSE Unit), (c) completed oil well with
fractured/severed production tubing, the lumen of the tubing subject to
be the diameter sealed, it's sealing device encompassing a device of
Emergency Plugging Oil Conduit (EPOC), (2) an emergency oil connecting
and stabilizing unit (EOCS unit) of the EPSE device, (3) an emergency
stabilizing unit incorporating a well head (ESUWH) devised in heavy
weight steel, and stationing at the disrupted oceanic petroleum well
surface, subject to stabilizing any pneumatic sealing device, and further
encompassing a metal frame work for structuring a cemented platform, (4)
emergency reparative measures at the well head encompassing methods of
restoring a disrupted oceanic petroleum well subject to cement
structuring an emergency isolation platform (EIP), (5) emergency
responsive measures directed to a marine rig subject to an ignition fire
following an entraining of gases, incorporating devices and their methods
leading in further prevention, (6) devices and their methods directed to
a model of oil gas separator (OGS) mitigating emergency failing of a blow
out preventer (BOP), such devices and methods subject to dispersing a
giant gas bubble entering collection system of the petroleum oil.
2. An embodiment of invention directed to Emergency Pneumatic Sealer Ensemble of an involved design (EPSE Unit) of claim 1, made of vulcanized rubber, subject to sealing a fractured production casing, as an inflatable air sealer, stationing at a level of an intact well bore mapped by video/sonar imaging, such stationing causing by easy, emergent, and robotic maneuvers, and the said EPSE Unit having-- (a) made of a spindled body of rubber coat, (b) having a length (vertical height) averaging five feet, and a diameter averaging eight inches, before subject to be inflating, (c) having a central oil conduit of metal (steel), comprising an average diameter of 5-10 cm., (d) having an upper and a lower dome of reinforced rubber, housing metal spools with flanges, such flanges making a joint and a continuum of a metal oil conduit having a similar diameter, occupying the center of the rubber device, and emerging above and below, (e) wedging preferably an intact casing interior of disrupted petroleum well, being sub-maximally or maximally inflated, subject to optimal calibrating pressure, maintaining a safety margin from burst pressure, (f) housing an upper and a lower set of inflatable air capsules of vulcanized rubber, the upper set attaching to the upper dome, and the lower set attaching to the lower dome, and a horizontal central partition of rubber separating each set comprising 6-8 air capsules, each air capsule measuring 2 feet in height, and positioning in circular manner around the central oil conduit, said air capsule further encompassing: 1. an inflating color coded air tubing of vulcanized rubber, having automated, mechanical, one way check valve at it's joining of the air capsule, allowing air flow to the capsule, the said air tubing coiling before joining the said air capsule; 2. a bundle of said color coded inflating air tubing entering a red colored rubber hose, coursing along the oil conduit, and emerging from the upper dome, to be further traveling to an air source; 3. a deflating tubing of each capsule having no valve, and traveling in a green hose to monitoring station, where their tubing are generally clamped, except for deflating; 4. maintaining the needing wedge pressure by on going pressure monitor system; 5. a means of precipitous falling in pressure of a punctured air sac, and a gradual fall of it's adjoining sacs, causing such adjacent members subject to more air pumping, for filling the lost contour of the pneumatic ensemble; (g) housing a reserve set of air capsules encompassing similar structure, and attaching to the central partition: 1. to be inflated when it's member is punctured; 2. expanding to the upper or lower dome; 3. their air tubing system setting forth a conjoining system forking at the air capsule and at the monitoring station; 4. their forking at the air source having a thinner configuration; 5. having generally clamped lumens only unclamping for inflation; (h) the EPSE further having inner or outer threading to the inlet and the outlet oil conduit tubing, for articulating with complementary threading, for either for continuing, or capping it's conduit tubing.
3. An embodiment of invention, directed to a device of Emergency Sealer Ensemble (EPSE) of claim 1, encompassing a simpler design, the Simple Sealing Ensemble (SSE), made of vulcanized rubber, subject to sealing a production casing of a leaking oceanic oil well, as an inflatable air sealer, at a destined level mapped by video/sonar imaging, the stationing causing by easy, emergent, and robotic maneuvers and the said SSE device-- (a) having single air capsule: 1. attached to the lower dome; 2. encompassing an automated, mechanical, one way check valve at it's joining with an `inflating` vulcanized air tubing; 3. further having a `deflating` air tubing comprising vulcanized rubber, with no valve guarding, and generally clamped at the air source, except for deflating, (b) having single reserve air capsule encompassing a similar configuration, and attaching to the upper dome, subject to clamping at the air source, except when inflating, taking the position of the lost capsule, (c) comprising a single rubber hose housing all air tubing, inflating and deflating, defining any different color coding, and coursing along the central oil conduit, to be reaching the air source.
4. An embodiment of invention involving an Emergency Oil Conducting and Stabilizing Unit (EOCS unit), encompassing any of the EPSE devices of claim 1, comprising lengthening segments of metal (steel), subject to-- (a) each lengthening segment measuring 2-5 feet, or longer; (b) each having an internal diameter of 5-10 cm., conforming to configuration of a production tubing, setting forth an oil conduit; (c) articulating with each other; (d) articulating with the upper oil outlet tube of the EPSE device; (e) articulating with a central piece of an Emergency Stabilizing Unit Incorporating a Well Head-like structure (ESUWH), on the well surface; (f) each set of two segments articulating, with further provisions of having snapping metal locks, such train of articulating segments lengthening to the stationing level of the EPSE device.
5. An embodiment of invention, encompassing a device of `Emergency Plugging oil Conduit`(EPOC) of claim 1, directed to sealing a leaking `Production Tubing`, partially or completely fractured at any level, in a disrupted leaking oceanic petroleum oil well, the said EPOC device comprising: (a) a metal tubing of steel, involving many feet in length, directed to sealing a substantial length of the lower component of a production tubing, the disrupted/distorted upper component having been naturally dismantled as a whole, or set to be so dismantled, (b) a metal tubing of steel, configured 1-2 centimeters narrower in caliber than the standard production tubing of 5-10 cm diameter, (c) a metal tubing of steel, having a covering of strong vulcanized rubber sheath, except over it's upper and lower ends, to be inflating to calibrated optimum pressure, with in the lumen of the lower component of a production tubing having a dismantled upper segment, resulting an effective pneumatic sealing through out it's length, with in the lower segment of the production tubing, (d) a metal tubing of steel, having it's upper end structured in a manner similar to a conduction tubing, facilitating articulation with a well head-like structure, encompassing an ESUWH unit, (e) a metal tubing of steel, having it's pneumatic outer sheath of vulcanized rubber connecting to an inflating air source, and having optimum air pressure monitoring for effective sealing, until the time of it's planned deflation.
6. An embodiment of invention directed to an Emergency Stabilizing Unit with Well Head-like Structures (ESUWH), subject to be stabilizing a pneumatic sealing ensemble set forth to be sealing the leaking oceanic Petroleum oil well bore of claim 1, said ESUWH device subject to be-- (a) stabilizing an EPSE devise of any type, pneumatically sealing a leaking production casing, and further fitted with an EOCS unit, (b) stabilizing an Emergency Plugging Oil Conduit (EPOC), pneumatically sealing production tubing, (c) having a table like configuration with rounded top, and outwardly spanning and widening four legs, drilled into, and secured upon cementing to the sea floor, (d) having a central hole in the top, housing a well head-like structures, encompassing an oil conduit, and a blow out preventer (BOP), (e) stationing at the disrupted well head, and made of heavy weight steel, (f) having dimensions to be conforming to a metal frame of an incorporating cement platform, making a permanent structuring of a well head.
7. An embodiment of invention, encompassing the materials and methods for devising an Emergency Isolation Platform (EIP), a reparative permanent structure at the disrupted well head of an oceanic petroleum oil well, as in claim 1, set forth in cement and metal, and drilled and cemented into the sea bed, comprising following devices and methods: (a) installing a novel addition of inverted funnel shaped base piece of the drilling riser, wide enough accommodating a `new cement structuring` on a reliable solid ground, beyond the measured maximum diameter of disruption (DOD), (b) making a ring shaped and elevated cement platform, by-passing the maximum diameter of disruption marking the originally placed well head, the said cement structure incorporating the ESUWH device as a stable metal frame of scaffold, (c) further raising a cemented platform over the ring shaped cement floor, and extending a roof to the center, over and bypassing the DOD, for incorporating a well head-like structures in the central piece of the ESUWH device, (d) flushing the roof with the sea bed as a sloping circumferential cement platform under the funnel base of the drilling riser, the whole of the said cement platform incorporating cement slurry through robotic arms, (e) further burrowing the periphery of the cement platform under the edge of the funnel base of the riser, (f) cementing a new `reparative well casing` hung from the well head for positioning inside the smallest disrupted well casing, such reparative casing encompassing a depth of 1-2 reparative strings, a video or sonar imaging defining such depth of disruption, the cementing involving a conventional circulating of cement slurry into the casing shoe, and the annulus, (g) the cement roof devised to be letting out any oil/gas column making it's way from the disrupted sea bed, by one of the following measures of having: 1. tubules studded in the cement roof, said tubules having an inverted J shape, and mechanical one way valve, letting the oil/gas out, the down turned J tube on the out side mitigating hydrostatic pressure on the valve, and if further ocean water sampling showing dangerous emissions, the tubules closed by capping/cementing, such plan conforming to well heads in open ocean, having no drilling riser; 2. having a wider tube in the cement roof, fitted with one way valves to let the oil/gas out, the tube conforming to inverted L shape, it's horizontal limb joining the main oil pipe, such plan conforming to well heads in open ocean, or the oil wells having intact drilling riser, enclosing a well top.
8. An embodiment encompassing a Detachable Island Rig (DIR), stationing on a stable concrete base off shore, to be instantly detaching upon a fire, and having means plus function of: (a) the DIR to instantly unlock/lock by a car door like locking device to be disengaging/engaging with the conduction platform and a station of immovable structures, the DIR separating from an intervening stretch of corridor, being fire proof, and having tubes and electric wires traversing either wall, (b) the detachable rig (DIR) having: additional conduction platform, costly equipment, reserves, living and working quarters, and at the farther end a steering station having engine with powerful motor to speed steer in an automated straight course following a remote signal by the crew, and the unlocking of the DIR from the concrete base, (c) the stationary rig and the detachable rig having their own fire stations and crew of fire fighters, (d) the detachable rig has life boats with wheels, stationing around the deck for lowering into the sea by projectile ramps, in the event the DIR also catching fire that can not be contained, (e) The DIR while steering away shall be releasing life boats for rescuing the fire fighters staying back, and jumping into water in life threatening situations, said life boats having special features of 1. a ladder on one side, 2. the whole boat painted white, and having black and white stripes on the side of the ladder, and further having fire resistant surface, 3. the hemi section of the boat on the opposite side of the ladder having thicker heavy weight wood preventing toppling of the boat, with weight on the other side, 4. having secured oars inside, and instant disengaging snaps to the anchoring metal chains, to be steering away from the rig, (f) the DIR incorporating car door like locking devices on all sides except the side of the steering engine, and unlocking by remote control, having common button to each side, (g) all the tubing passing through a stretch of fire proof corridor, at the junction with the DIR are conforming to short segment of rubber tubing having C or U shapes, to be cut after clamping causing an instant DIR detachment, (h) the DIR can be constructed on a vertically adjustable platform, maintaining optimum submersion of it's base structure in water, and further having wheels like those of a shopping cart projecting at the base when needed, for positioning on it's base platform, (i) the DIR, for stationing back onto the concrete base, is pulled down by a system of double pulleys on strategic positions over the concrete base having pull-over ropes linking to series of rings on the sides of the DIR.
9. An embodiment of invention encompassing a device and it's method of operation, as an effective `Oil Gas Separator` (OGS), directed to preventing giant bubbles of inflammable gas entering petroleum oil collecting system from a source of oceanic oil well, the device and it's plan of operation, comprising-- (a) diverting the crude oil/gas from the collection tube, located past the well head, into a set of 3-4 oil gas separator tanks, each having an independent tube arising from the main tube, and rising only few inches (8-10 inches) into the tank, and the oil in the tank set to maintaining a level far lower than 8 inches, (b) each tank of the set having a perforations to it's bottom, letting the oil flowing away through it's holes to be collecting down into yet another compartment, having intact walls and an out let tube, such holes of the tank subject to dispersing the gas into bubbles of smaller dimension, (c) each tank further having two gas out let pipes in the top, for letting out the rising gas by means of a different gas collecting system, into gas receptacles, in a safe distance away from the rig, (d) the tubes leading from the bottom of the tank are to be entering the main oil pipe at widely varying heights, further separating a large gas column if any, for breaking the gas entrainment, (e) each tank further having a churner in the top, resembling in structure a kitchen mixer, and moving down the bottom every few seconds, breaking large sized semisolid crude, preventing a possible block, (f) each entry tube to a tank further having on/off clamps controlling volume flow of the tank, and further for disconnecting a tank, only high volume wells subject to operating all tanks, (g) the base piece of a drilling riser can be structured to be having an oil out let and an inlet tube facilitating an OGS unit near an oceanic oil well, subject to separating oil-gas at the source, preventing gas entraining and rig endangering by an ignition spark.
10. An embodiment of invention providing novel models of tubing, and their methods of instant system joining or closing, directed to tubular systems encompassing the preferred inventions of claim 1, the said tubing structured to be having a threading configuration inside or out, traversing a whole lumen of any suitable tubing, facilitating instant joining or closing of a broken or intact system anywhere, by direct joining with a similar tube and complimentary threading, or by means of `instant joints structures` as I, T, J, L, C, U etc. or closure caps with complimentary threading, having straight or nested configuration, such joining needing at least one or two `I` joints, restoring a straight or a complex interconnection.
CROSS REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS
FEDERALLY SPONSORED RESEARCH
BACK GROUND INFORMATION
 The embodiment of invention is directed to plurality of mechanical devices and their utility methods for emergency salvage of a blown out oceanic petroleum oil well, incorporating means of not only sealing the oil leak from the well bore (in conjunction with an immediate oil out let system, set forth to optimize the mounting pressure within the well, and it's source of oil containment) in an effective and immediate manner, but also resorting to emergency reparative process at the distorted well head and beyond, that an optimal structural and functional state of the well is restored, stopping a `vicious cycle` of mere leak from a disrupted well turning to a spewing geyser into the ocean.
 There are innumerable petroleum oil wells bored into the ocean floor, by highly evolved modern technological devices to tap such natural petroleum (gas/crude oil) resources. Many oil wells are clustered in the Gulf of Mexico, Arabian sea and such oceanic grounds, often miles from the coast line, and as deep as a mile or more from the water surface to the ocean floor, to find their way into the under ground oil containments, spread many miles in area. Oil is collected from the wells into surface tanks in moderate containers, or with ones as large as ships.
 The boreholes and/or shafts laboriously made in the oceanic floor to tap the geological oil reservoirs is a modern wonder, which improved in it's technology over decades. The drilling of boreholes that form the tunnels of the wells in the ocean ground are accomplished by innumerable varieties of `Drilling Rigs`, a drilling rig being defined as an unit of equipment built to penetrate the superficial and/or deeper aspects of the Earth's crust. The rigs can be built as small and portable to be moved by single person, or they can be enormous in size and in complexity of functioning so as to house equipment used to: drill oil wells; sample mineral deposits that can impede functional units; identify geological reservoirs; install underground utilities. Large units (rigs) generally configured as more permanent land or marine based structures in remote locations are also facilitated with living quarters for laboring crews involved in well construction, at times hundreds in number.
 Hydraulic rotary drilling--this rotary system is utilized in oil well drilling, and it's main break through came when Anthony Francis Lucas combined the use of a steam driven rig and of mud instead of water in the Spindle top discovery well. Drill technology advanced steadily since 19th century, though there are several basic limiting factors determining the depth to which a bore hole can be dug. All bore holes employ inner `Casing annulus` during construction of the bore tunnel of the well leading to the under ground reservoir. The casing annulus is a hollow sheath which protects the hole against collapsing during drilling, and is made up of metal (steel) or PVC (polyvinyl chloride, a thermoplastic polymer constructed of repeating vinyl groups having one of their hydrogen atoms replaced with chloride group. It is third most widely produced plastic extensively used in construction because it is cheap, durable, easy to assemble, and suitable for flooring and roofing membranes).
 The bore well has a nested configuration, that is, it narrows down as it courses into the deeper layers of the earth's crust, because the solid metal/PVC annuli of casings used to line the tunnel are built to be progressively smaller as the digging gets deeper. The standard casings are usually 40 feet (13 meters) in average length, and available in 14 casing diameter sizes, spanning 7-30 inches in outer diameter.
 Most drill holes deviate from the vertical, a phenomenon of practical importance. The forces operative in the unavoidable causes of such inclination of the drilled bore wells are:  1. Reaction to `Foliation`--Foliation is the natural planar fabric present in rocks, and is typical of orogenic belts, affected by regional metamorphic compression,  and that property of the rocks to be encountered while boring the ocean's earth crust invariably deflects the vertical course of the bore hole, unless any modern technology is set forth in place to counteract such axial vertical deviation.  2. The torque of the turning drill bit working against the cutting face (drill bit is a device attached to the end of the drill string that breaks apart the rock being drilled).  3. Refraction as the drill bit moves into different rock layers of varying resistance.
 Oil well drilling commonly uses a process of controlled deviation called `Directional Drilling` (when several wells are drilled from one surface location).
 The drilling and production of oil and gas from the earth's mantle in the oceanic floor is shrouded in risk and great hazard to the natural environment that includes both marine life forms, and the terrestrial eco system adjacent. The many hazards, to list a few, include ignition of the entrained highly inflammable gases like Methane causing dangerous fires, and the risk of oil spewing and polluting sea water, and such two man made calamities at the same time can be uncontainable with available resources, and utterly devastating to the healthy existence of the earth's planetary life forms. For these reasons, error proof safety systems in under water bore well digging, and highly trained personnel are required by law in all countries, engaged in significant oil production. Despite such stringent laws, system failures and catastrophic results did occur historically (and still occurring), though derived remedial measures through each `adverse-event experience` uniquely different from the other in some form or other, are still nascent, and less than perfect.
 Recent event in the gulf shores of Mexico involving BP oil company's oil well (Deep Water Horizon) under construction, where in, the ignition of entrained methane gas and it's fire that continued unstopped as long as 36 hours, resulted in collapse of the surface structure of the oil well, and ever increasing oil gusher from the source. Several different attempts by BP's technical team to contain the spewing geyser from finding it's way into the body of water and into the gulf shores had failed, mostly due to the inherently limited robotic attempts involved at a moderately deep aquatic habitat.
 In prevailing oceanic climate of the oil wells, after the bore well structure is disrupted, the sea water continuously gets into the oil well, where as, the oil rises to the surface, because of the relative densities of each, that could be contributing to the spewing of the oil gush at a later time, while it would be only a spill to start with. There would be churning forces set forth at the land mark area of the disrupted bore well surface, the sea water trying to get in, while the lighter petroleum/crude oil is trying to get out. As the ocean water forcefully fills (the hydrostatic pressure involved getting higher, proportionate to the depth of the sea floor from the surface) the under ground oil containment space, the pressure will rise more and more in such oil containment in a very short time, forcing the lesser dense oil to progressively rise into the ocean like an eruption.
 Accordingly, it is imperative that immediate action be taken to contain the leak, and stop the sea water pouring into the containments of the under ground reservoir--that will effectively dampen the rising pressures with in that confined space, further resulting in reducing the spewing force of the oil gusher--thus breaking the vicious circle. By observing what happened following BP oil company's Deep Water Horizon oil well blow out, it is understandable that what ever precautions were observed, they failed, or did not stop the oil spewing into the surface waters. The calamity in the gulf shores happened before `Production Tubing` and the `Production Packer` were installed, and the wide `A` annular space acted as the tunnel for the oil gusher. Further more, the well behaved like a very high volume well, probably as a result of sea water progressively finding it's way into the oil well, and the oil in turn rising to the surface, due to absence of the down hole safety valve (DHSV), which is usually placed in the `Production Tubing` (the valve being a last resort to contain the leak from a disrupted well) as far below the surface as deemed safe, to be unaffected by any events leading to wipe out of the surface well head platform.
 As any unforeseen adversity can happen any time before completion of the well to its last functioning detail, safety measures to weather off the unforeseen events at any step of the construction has to be in place, before beginning to undertake such operation.
 The following embodiments are structured to counteract the events when a `fire-blow out` of the well head platform destroys any of the security devices before the well completion, the timing of the event exactly similar in timing of BP's `Deep Water Horizon` i.e. before the `Production Tubing` and the `Production Packer` are installed, OR in high production wells not destined to incorporate a production tubing and production packer, when the whole annular space (A annulus) is used as the production conduit.
 The inventions here in disclosed are directed to prevent and alleviate many problems discussed above--and prevention of mere spill of oil/gas turning into a spewing geyser--by emergency sealing of oil leak from crumbled well head, and salvage of the top of bore well and the rest of the structure to safe functional status. It is not intended or implied that the originally planned structure is restored (as the original structure is altered, though only minimally), but functional order is definitely emphasized and resulted, how ever, different from the established norm. Such differences are being practiced on a regular basis even in the oil industry (example--some high production wells are structured to operate with out any `Conduction Tubing` or `Conduction Packer` incorporated with in the casing `A` annulus). But the undeniable incentive to accommodate such `difference` from the practicing of rigorous standards in such industry where it is justifiably warranted is--it's ability to weather through a calamity with catastrophic consequences, even in situations where rigorous standards were followed through out the well construction, and later during it's maintenance--a classic example that the `forces of nature` are not always necessarily contained through rigorous standards, and what seems like a `difference` may work to contain and calm down an occurrence of calamity.
 Every effort was made to devise and describe the following inventions with the best rationale, and the available information at the time of this writing. How ever, the author inventor is neither legally liable, nor personally responsible, for any inadvertent errors or omissions, or for any consequences from application of the structural and procedural information, as based on many past experiences, many inadvertent and unforeseen consequences were/are inherent to such ventures as deep sea explorations and the like, shrouded in danger and never ceasing mystery. Accordingly, application of this disclosure in different situations, innumerable and unique is a personal choice. Further, understanding, analyzing, and adapting to unexpected individual situations still remain as the professional discretion and responsibility of the involved company and it's associates participating in the day to day practice in implementation of this invention, in part or as a whole.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
 The embodiments of inventions here in disclosed are directed to emergency devises and their functions, to not only effectively seal an oil gusher from a blown out oceanic petroleum oil well, but also to establish an immediate and effective oil out let system, set forth to optimize the mounting pressure within the bore well and it's source of oil containment, the bore well being complete or yet to be complete in it's structural mandates, such inordinate function effectuated by devices working in synchrony to achieve ultimate results deemed optimal and lasting. The disclosure is inclusive of reparative devices and their methods at the well head and it's vicinity, when such structures are disrupted. The disclosure further enumerates structural measures for an emergency rig salvage during catastrophic event that envisions an Emergency detachable island rig, and also methods for preventing giant gas bubble formation at the source, so as to keep the rig from being a venue of danger, difficult to be contained.
The List of the Nature of the Inventions--
The Emergency Sealing, and Stabilizing Devices of the Blown Out Oil Well:
 (1) (a) Emergency pneumatic sealing ensemble (EPSE): being the prototype, devised both as a `more involved design` (the EPSE unit), and a simple design, as in a `Simple Sealing Ensemble` (SSE),  (b) The emergency oil connecting and stabilizing unit (EOCS unit) of the EPSE device,  (2) The emergency stabilizing unit incorporating a well head (ESUWH), at the well surface, and made of heavy weight metal (steel), to stabilize any sealing device.  (3) Emergency plugging oil conduit (EPOC), The Emergency Preventive and Reparative Devices, and their Methods--at the Well Head, and Beyond:  (4) Emergency Isolation Platform (EIP) of the well surface, with devices incorporating a well head,  (5) Emergency Detachable Island Rig (DIR),  (6) A model of oil gas separator (OGS) beyond the well head--to mitigate Blow Out Preventor (BOP) failure--structured for preventing a giant bubble of inflammable entrained gas, causing rig fire.  (7) Threaded instant joint structures.
The Emergency Sealing Devices of the Blown Out Oil Well Bore--
 (1) The Emergency Pnuematic Sealing Ensemble (EPSE)--
 The prototype embodiment for an Emergency Sealing of a disrupted oceanic petroleum oil well is an Emergency Pneumatic Seal Ensemble (EPSE), functioning as an emergency seal in the well bore of the leaking oil well, within hours, with no wait time, along with an incorporated oil conduit and buoyancy stabilizing components--is the most important and cost effective device for immediate measures. The ensemble is structured both as `simple` (the SSE), and `more involved` (the EPSE Unit) designs--to be used in the settings of non disrupted and disrupted interiors respectively, of the innermost casing of the bore well.
 It is a preferable device in wells under construction, when the casing is completed, but `production tubing` and `production package` not yet installed, where in, it's innermost casing forms the annulus of concern (the A annulus) for effective sealing (example--BP's Deep Water Horizon Oil Well blow out).
(2) The Emergency Stabilizing Unit with Well Head (ESUWH)--
 An additional embodiment, The Emergency Stabilizing Unit with Well Head (ESUWH), an invariable accessory to the fore going device 1 (the EPSE), encompassing a simple heavy weight table like metal (steel) structure, having outwardly spanned out four legs with gradually widening bottoms, drilled into the sea bed, and cemented. Being a simple structure, it can be installed swiftly on the sea floor, even by robotic instruments. The circular aperture in the thickened and elaborated center of the table top design accommodates well head-like structures with oil conduit that is connected with the EPSE stationed in the well bore, as an emergency measure. Further, by it's sheer weight and cementing to the sea floor, it counteracts and overcomes the buoyant effects of the EPSE device. When an EMERGENCY ISOLATION PLATFORM (EIP) at the well surface described in the subsequent section (4) below is constructed, the well head structures can be transferred to/incorporated into the EIP platform, to continue similar functioning.
(3) The Emergency Plugging Oil Conduit (EPOC)--
 The Emergency Plugging Oil Conduit (EPOC) is yet another embodiment that effectively plugs the `production tubing` of a fully constructed oceanic oil well, if the production tubing is fractured (with linear or circular cracking), or partially or completely severed by surface blow out of the well. Such damage to the production tubing is usually located near and adjacent to the well surface.
The Emergency Preventive and Reparative Devices, and their Methods, at the Oil Well Head, and Beyond-- (4) The Emergency Isolation Platform (EIP) of the Well Surface with Incorporated Well Head--
 Yet another embodiment specifying modified structural model of a device and a constructional model for installment of the said device, an Emergency Isolation Platform (EIP) with incorporated well head, an ensemble erected at the crumbled oceanic oil well surface, as a means of permanent reparative structure.
(5) The Detachable Island Rig (DIR)
 When a permanently configured marine based rig and it's oceanic oil bore well structure crumble, efforts directed to damage control, and restoration should be immediate INSTALLMENT OF CONDUCTION TENSIONER, AND DRILLING CONDUCTOR, if they are damaged, is the immediate measures at the rig level, though not the initial emergency measures (as the initial emergency measure involves sealing the leaking oil well trough devices 1, 2 and 3 of the foregoing). Their new housing rig of a basic structure is deemed to be fire proof, and at least in part directly operated by robotic devices. The wreckage of the original rig is moved and cleared for the emergency anchorage of the new one in it's place. A devised Emergency Detachable Island Rig (DIR) in section-5 of this disclosure, novel and innovative, is deemed to effectuate immediate rig placement (with replacement of lost units in a shorter time), and urgent reparative process of structural and environmental damage pertaining to the oil well, consequent to temporary/permanent restoration of it's function. Replacement with the old yet functional rig in a shorter time, which otherwise can be a protracted process due to time, effort, finances, and personal needs/choices mandated in investing in a new rig, is of paramount importance, in the continuum of multitude of immediate restorations.
 Subject to fore going, a further embodiment, a Detachable Island Rig (DIR) is disclosed, enumerating the basic and schematic plan of a detachable island rig, even in permanently stationed off shore rigs, designed as complex and highly involved structures with any and all conceivable amenities.
 Rigs can be permanently based in the sea, or floating with partial submersion, but permanent off shore structures are favored by oil companies due to the stable working platform of the rig. For the very reason of it's complexity, the cost of equipment, and life/morale of personnel involved, even a major part of the permanently based off shore rig should be an urgently detachable island from the `conductor platform` (stationing also a separate fire safety and fire fighters' crew in both areas), the possible site of the initial and ongoing fire, or explosion. Both areas are designed to be separated by a stretch of sufficiently long fire proof corridor.
(6) A Model of Oil Gas Separator (OGS) Beyond the Well Head--
To Mitigate Blow Out Preventor (BOP) Failure, and Prevent a Giant Bubble of Entrained Inflammable Gas Causing Rig Fire--
 A Model of Oil Gas separator (OGS) Beyond the Well Head, is yet another embodiment encompassing basic structural and functional scheme designed to separate the large highly inflammable gas bubbles at the source, just beyond the well head with failed BOP, and the devised structures are planted in well vicinity, on the ocean floor. It is embodied with simple yet highly utilitarian plan that separates petroleum gases from the oil at the source, and curtails inflammable gas explosions causing rig fires leading to mortality/morbidity, property damage, and pollution of adjacent aquatic and terrestrial eco system.
(7) The Threaded Instant Joint Structures--
 The invention also envisions that all future `Production Tubing` or any metal tubing (except the casings), involving the rig and oil well construction be invariably built with deep inner or outer threading through out, to immediately repair the damage by attaching a `replacement tubing` (with or with out nesting configuration of the articulating ends), in case `fire and well surface blow out` happen resulting in a `disconnect` in the system. The `connecting joints` shall be configured in many shapes--I, L, U, C, J, T etc. in plain or in nested configuration, and used as one or multiple joints at any place as needed (one or more `I` joints are usually needed to incorporate other types of joint structures, to restore a conduit line, or complex interconnections.
The Terminology Emphasized
 The device and the description when denotes the terms `upward`, `up`, `rear` and `above`--they refer to the opening side of the bore well to the ocean side, where as, the terms `lower`, `low`, and `below` refer to the `oil containment side` underneath the ocean floor, the ocean floor being the earth crust underneath the depth of the water, through which the bore well is drilled. Further more, the leading/diving end, or the head end of any instrument or device is the `lower end` of that device or instrument in the bore well, being referred in upright position, where as, the rear end or the following end is the `upper` end/side of that device or instrument, also being referred to it's upright disposition with in the bore well.
 (1) FIG. 1: A schematic cut section-in-part diagram of an `Emergency pneumatic Sealing Ensemble (EPSE), in it's vertical disposition, showing a more involved EPSE design (the EPSE Unit),
 (2) FIG. 2: A schematic diagram of a horizontal cross section of an Emergency Pneumatic Sealing Ensemble (EPSE Unit) showing structures at all strategic levels,
 (3) FIG. 3: A perspective view of a joint articulation of air tube connections with a sliding screw arrangement,
 (4) FIG. 4: A schematic diagram of an Emergency plugging oil conduit (EPOC),
 (5) FIG. 5: A schematic diagram of the plan of an Emergency Isolation Platform (EIP) of the well surface, with devices incorporating a well head,
 (6) FIG. 6: A schematic diagram of the design of an Emergency Detachable Island Rig (DIR),
 (7) FIG. 7: A schematic diagram of an anchoring model of a detachable Island Rig (DIR),
 (8) FIG. 8: A schematic diagram of a model of oil gas separator (OGS), beyond the well head--to mitigate BOP failure, and prevent a giant bubble of inflammable gases causing rig fire.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTIONS
 The embodiments of inventions here in disclosed are directed to emergency devises and their functions, to not only effectively seal an oil gusher from a blown out oceanic petroleum oil well, but also to establish an immediate and effective conduit of oil out let system set forth to optimize the mounting pressure within the bore well and it's source of oil containment, the bore well being complete or yet to be complete in it's structural mandates, such inordinate function effectuated by devices working in synchrony to achieve ultimate results deemed optimal and lasting. The disclosure is inclusive of temporary and permanent reparative devices and their methods, at the well head, and it's vicinity, when such surface structures are either minimally or extensively disrupted. The disclosure further enumerates innovative structural measures set forth for a rig salvage upon a catastrophic event that envisions an Emergency detachable island rig, and also methods subject to disrupting inflammable giant gas bubble formation at/near it's source, the oil well, so as to keep the rig from being a venue of danger, for material, men, and marine life form, difficult to be contained.
 The devises listed and their functions briefly outlined in the foregoing section are here in further detailed in sections 1-6.
(1) The Emergency Pneumatic Sealing Ensemble (EPSE) with an Involved Design (EPSE Unit)--
 It is an embodiment with an exemplary design, to be used with no wait time, and with in minutes of a catastrophic event, with disruption/collapse of oceanic oil well head, and it's vicinity. The disclosure contemplates a prototype model made of strong inflatable vulcanized rubber device resistant to solvents of concern, like petroleum analogs/sea water, inflated to desired size and stationed to seal the whole circumference at a suitable site, within the leaking bore well, to fully or partially stop the flow of the oil gusher, resulting from a damage to the original bore well structure, by what ever means, but mostly due to highly inflammable gas fire destruction/explosions.
 Through an oil conduit with in it, the EPSE unit is connected to THE EMERGENCY OIL CONNECTING AND STABILIZING UNIT (EOCS UNIT) OF THE EPSE DEVICE that stabilizes the buoyant effects of the EPSE unit at it's stationed position, and further serves as an oil conduit, that is ultimately connected to the ESUWH device at the well surface.
 It is also implied that a submarine robotic unit is stationed at the well head soon after the catastrophic event that controls and monitors the functional and safety devices, such unit further improvised with compressed or regular air chamber to supply air to the EPSE unit. The EPSE unit is devised for situations when the blow-out happens while the construction is about to complete, as it occurred in BP's Deep Water Horizon oil well, in which the `production tubing` and `production package` were not yet installed, after the well casing was completed. Accordingly, the diameter of the leaking annulus (the innermost casing forming it's outer boundary), or the `A` annulus, usually in a standard diameter of 9 and 5/8th inches--is the diameter of concern, that needs to be effectively sealed. The smallest EPSE unit is built with average diameter of 8'' for effective passage, at times diagonally compressed to maneuver through projecting obstacles if any, until it reaches the area of totally preserved casement interior of the oil well, to be stationed, and further inflated for it's wedging. It is also available in higher/lower corresponding diameters to be used in bore wells with higher/lower diameter `A` annulus, when higher/lower standard sizes are used as inner most casing.
 The fore going historical back ground description of the subject in general, discussed how most drill holes deviate from the vertical. The structural aspects of the remedial assembly, the EPSE device hitherto disclosed, is built to over come such axially oriented obstacles in it's linear course of navigation into the drill hole, as the invention contemplates an easily maneuverable partially inflated/un-inflated device to pass through the drill hole, to be completely inflated in it's stationed position.
 The EPSE device is made of Vulcanized Rubber (polysulphide elastomer). Vulcanization gives rubber unique physical, dynamic, and chemical properties. The main polymers subjected to vulcanization are polyisoprene (natural rubber), and styrene-butadiene rubber (SBR). During vulcanization some C--H bonds of the rubber are replaced by chains of sulfur atoms. It gives properties of better heat resistance, flexibility without cracking, and elasticity and expandability like a car tire. Vulcanized rubber is insoluble in petroleum, and is used to make gasoline hoses routinely used in gas stations. Vulcanized rubber is also being abrasion resistant, apart from being resistant to solvent attack (ordinary rubber is also very hard to be dissolved in any solvent/medium. Naphtha, a petroleum distillate, is the only petroleum substance that can dissolve rubber when rubber is fragmented into smaller pieces, and immersed in the solvent. The crude oil contains 15-30% of Naphtha by weight, and lower than that amount when it is admixed with sea water in a destroyed bore well). It is also to be noted that all the bolt joints and assembly washers of rubber also use vulcanized rubber to specifically resist the degrading attack of petroleum analogs and sea water, both being solvents of concern in this setting.
 The depth where the EPSE sealer has to be stationed is variable depending on the severity of destruction. Prior estimates by different video and sonic devices are necessary to map the general configuration of the well structure for substantial distance in it's depth, to mark out from what level onwards the cross sectional integrity of the well is still preserved in it's entire circumference. It is the ideal level to station the pneumatic sealer ensemble. It is of significance, because of the inherent adaptability of the installed pneumatically devised structure, a substantially complete and tight seal is expected, especially with the involved height of the pneumatic sealer. It has to be further noted that any irregularities in the circumferential contour of the bore well in areas above it's stationed position will not generally impede the functions of the devised assembly as effective gas/liquid sealer, and in ultimately preventing the leak at the well head.
 The Emergency Pneumatic Sealer Ensemble (EPSE) is built with a projected total diameter of the INFLATED pneumatic sealer to far exceed the bore well diameter, where it is stationed, for tight and secure wedging (as it is possible to be still functional when less than maximally inflated, but it is not possible to wedge the well diameter if it is the same diameter or less than the diameter of the well bore, at it's maximum inflation), but calculated to be below the `burst pressure`, with sufficient safety margin. In other words, it is workable erring in over sizing (yet in a size that would not impede it's passage), instead of under sizing. If there are significant metal projections in the entry area, the device can be made leaner with strong compressive rubber bands that can be cut immediately after the obstacles are passed, as doing this nearer to the surface is preferable.
 FIG. 1 shows a schematic, cut-in-part sectional diagram of the EPSE device in it's vertical disposition. FIG. 2 further depicts the horizontal cross sectional view of the EPSE device showing it's important structures at all strategic levels, and both views are described simultaneously for better understanding of the structures a whole, and for the same reason, the corresponding function in relation to said structure is simultaneously described.
 FIG. 1 depicts EPSE devise 2, having a generally cylindrical body 4 except for spindling upper (or rear) end 6, and a lower (leading) end 8, that are dome shaped in their upper and lower surfaces. Both ends are made of a strong rubber polymer relatively resistant to degradable action of different petroleum analogs, one such preferable rubber derivative being vulcanized rubber (a polysulphide elastomer), which the whole unit is also made of. The upper Dome (UD) 10, and the lower Dome (LD) 12 show structures heavily reinforced in their thickness needed for natural thrust during navigation. FIG. 1 shows the upper dome (UD) 10 having the exterior face of the flange 14 of a metal (preferably steel) spool 16 in it's center, with the central hollow 18 of the spool 16 traversing the center of the whole thickness of the dome 10.
 Both FIGS. 1 and 2 show the central part of the ESPE unit that houses a wide bore steel tube (or an oil conduit, similar to the standard `production tubing` of the oil well) 22 that functions as EPSE body oil conduit of varying diameter (5-10 cms., similar to the diameter of the standard `production tubing`) that is connected to the hallowed structure 18 of the spool 16 of the dome 10, and the hallowed spool structure 24 of dome 12, on both ends, forming a continuous tube which functions as petroleum oil conduit that is also continued as lower oil inlet tube 26 below the LD 12, and also as the oil out let tube 28 above the UD 10. The oil out let tube 28 has threading that compliments with the corresponding threading of the lengthy `Oil Conducting and Stabilizing Device` (EOCS), that is to be attached to it, during the measured navigation of the ESPE ensemble, into the bore well.
 The oil connecting junction tube 28 is a large and sturdy pipe and structured as a continuation of the tube 22 with the incorporation of spool cylinder 16, and similarly, the lower end of tube 22 is connected to the lower inlet tube 26 through the incorporation within, of the spool 24. Both the metal spools housed in the domes 10 and 12 have plurality of joint bolts that pass through the whole thickness of the domes, and secured to the exterior and interior flanges in corresponding locations by metal screws. Such arrangement reinforces the metal and rubber joint apart from other conventional joining by rubber glue, contact cement etc.
 It has to be noted that the domes 10 and 12, and the comprising upper end, and lower end of the EPSE ensemble are lesser in their diameters compared to the rest of the body 4 of the device, and definitely lesser than the known diameter of the bore well by few inches when fully inflated, as it is intended that they maneuver through the well bore despite their thickness, and they do not generally contribute in expanding or wedging, against the walls of the bore well.
 The additional structures of the lower end dome member 12 are 3-4 metal pendulums 34 that are attached to the perimeter of the exterior flange 36 of the dome 12, in equidistance. The heavy metal pendulums 34 add to some of the required weight needed to thrust and navigate the device initially in the bore well, and further, to counteract the buoyant effects of the EPSE device 2 in it's stationed position in the bore well, when inflated. When fully inflated to wedge tightly, such wedging of the EPSE unit against the walls of the bore well also counteracts to certain extent the buoyancy of the pneumatic device. The EPSE can be also built with out the option of the pendulums 34.
 In situations like what happened in the gulf of Mexico, a CAP was installed on the top of the well bore, but still a lot of oil was leaking from gaps in the cap, because total seal is impossible, as can be expected, with a rigid and totally solid structure, that can not accommodate to the distorted contours of the encountered circumference. The EPSE ensemble, the instant invention, can be supplemented to the cap, or a structure alike, at a deeper level in the bore well, functioning in conjunction. If there is a large gap any where around such metal cap, big enough to maneuver the totally un-inflated EPSE sealing unit through it, it can be done. Other wise, the cap has to be partially lifted to allow the EPSE pneumatic device to be introduced into the bore well, and then close the CAP. After introduced into the bore well, it's navigation has to be a carefully measured and monitored process, for a smooth descent, and also to successfully negotiate any sharp obstacles before it's designated stationing.
 In accordance with the cut section of the vertical or the axial structural scheme of the pneumatic sealer ensemble EPSE, of FIG. 1, the EPSE device embodies a sturdy but expansive rubber coat 38 which is the bodily continuum of the upper and lower domes 10 and 12 that together form the surface structure of the EPSE ensemble. As enumerated, the EPSE device as a whole is made of strong, sturdy, ocean hardy, and petroleum resistant vulcanized rubber that is expansive like a car tire, with in the maximum thickness allowable for such needed expansion, depending upon the whole size of the structure needed for such an expedition. Few hours or days after a catastrophic event, the accumulation and deposition of the globs of semisolid crude onto the uneven/sharp surfaces if any, make the cave well of sojourn for the sealer EPSE ensemble, not particularly forbidding, as it could be otherwise. It is preferred that the expandable rubber coat 38 shall be like the outer surface of a honey comb, or any such configuration in it's surface texture, intended for a better grip on it's slippery base of approximation/stationing.
 The embodiment further envisions that the rubber coat 38 that forms the pneumatic capsule is not a single cavity, but is made up of many smaller capsules 40, ranging about 6-8 in each of the two sets, the sets positioned as one above the other, arranged in a circular manner like a whorl (in it's cross sectional design), as shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, around a central oil collecting EPSE body oil conduit 22. The air capsule(s) 40, are at least 2 feet in average length, giving an average 5 feet total height to the EPSE device. Smaller and much larger sizes can also be made as per the need. Each air capsule 40 is roughly cylindrical or spindle shaped in configuration as viewed in a vertical cut section of the device, and is roughly oval shaped in it's horizontal cross section, being arranged as a member of a single circular row around the oil tube 22. The air capsules 40 are also made of very expandable vulcanized rubber. Of the two similar sets of circularly arranged air capsules 40, the upper set 44 is adjacent to the dome member 10, and the capsule members 40 of the set 44 are attached to the lower free surface of the dome 10, at their upper ends. The lower set 46, is adjacent to the dome member 12, and it's capsule members 40 are attached to the upper free surface of the dome 12 at their lower ends. The upper and lower sets 44 and 46 are separated by a membranous extension 42 extending horizontally through out into the center of the interior from the surface coat 38. Accordingly, when any one or more of the air capsules 40 deflate by sustaining a puncture, it/they collapse towards their attachments, above or below.
 Each air capsule 40 has it's own tubular connection 48, that connects it to the air source. From the lower set 46 all the tubules emerge from the upper ends of the capsules. From the upper set 44 they emerge from the bottom. Both the sets converge over the membrane 42 to ultimately travel as a single bundle to be enclosed in a sheath of bigger non-compressible vulcanized rubber tube 20 that travels out side, but in close proximity to the EPSE body oil conduit 22, and further, with and the continuation oil conduit of the outlet tube 28. It may temporarily dissociate as separate set in places where the oil conduit tube has to be incorporated into the well head structures, to approximate again with the oil conduit tube in it's further course, and it travels as far as needed to the place of air pumping and air pressure monitoring unit. A second or third set of tubing can start where ever is needed, the individual tubes connected to the corresponding tube by a secure articulation, both similarly color coded. The tubes originating from the upper unit 44 of the rubber coat 38 can have color with wide bands, where as, the lower unit 46 can have similar solid color for the correspondingly positioned tube members. The set travels in a weather resistant metal reinforced vulcanized rubber (of polysulfide elastomer) hose, (with scattered rubber eye lets for needed anchorage) colored outwardly as RED that reaches the air pressure monitoring unit. The member air capsules 40 can be individually numbered that are matched as pairs with the corresponding color (solid in set 46, or banded in set 44) of their extension tubes, to precisely identify each member air capsule of the two sets 44 and 46, or it's extension tube out side the EPSE ensemble.
 Articulation of first and second set of the traveling air tubes of capsule sets 44 and 46, if necessary, in the open and turbulent ocean waters has to be carefully planned and done with due regard for correct articulation as well as air tight sealing required of each. At any articulation site, the vulcanized rubber hose housing the tubular members enlarges at this point to be housed in a hemispherical metal structure, or any suitable structure. The tubular members are fitted with metal terminals that also enlarge in size, and have the color matched numbers engraved on them for proper articulation with the corresponding member of the second set similarly sized, and has color matched number engraved. The enlargement of the tubes can be confined to the walls with out involving the tube lumen, so that the tube lumen can maintain uniform size through out. Such enlargement facilitates any minimum of the optimally configured larger size needed for robotic articulation. FIG. 3 shows such a joint articulation of the traveling air tube extensions of air capsules 40, with a sliding screw arrangement, typically suitable in this setting. Each of the tubing of the first and second sets of joint articulation have similar threading externally 50, 52, for a substantial length at their terminals. A sliding screw/joint bolt nut 54 having complimentary threading internally, and the internal diameter of a size that accommodates the external diameter of the first and second set terminals 50 and 52, is a suitable type of joint bolt in this setting. First the sliding joint nut 54 is situated completely on any one of the articulating member, yet leaving it's terminal end exposed, as shown in the diagram. The terminal ends 50 and 52 of the articulating members are snapped into approximation by needed design 56 in their ends. Now the sliding/screwing joint nut 54 is slid over to the other corresponding articulating member by rotating movement through it's inner complimentary threading, so that it covers equal length of either member 50 and 52 of the joint. Doing one at a time after proper matching and identification of the engraved numbers avoid mistakes and confusion. The rubber tubing 55 of the second set can start with in the metal enclosure. After the proper articulation of the terminals similar to 50 and 52, of all the traveling air tube members of air capsules 40, the two hemispherical enclosures or any such suitable enclosure are/is snapped close, securing them inside. They are further secured to mitigate their opening, by metal bolts or eyelets locked by metal wires by twisting through optimum length--both types of closures being able to resist undoing by turbulent motions of the sea water in adverse weathers. This type of articulation is effective at any joint of two sets of tubing, either by manual or robotic operation, except that the robotic involvement may call for enlarged structures for needed precision. Such articulation at the outlet hose of the EPSE unit should be possible, in case the hose at any level is broken. It can be accomplished by the provision of an off-shoot of an additional by-pass set, arising from the main emerged air tubes just out side the EPSE ensemble, terminating as the standardized hemi-component of the joint as described with reference to FIG. 3, but with a difference that it is usually sealed by a closed sliding bolt nut, to be replaced when needed, by an open articulating sliding bolt nut of a new hose, with it's counter part hemi component. This hemi-component of the EPSE unit is formed by each forked air tube at this level that comes out of the main unit to form an independent bundle, with a closed air circuit each terminal being locked by a screwed cap, instead of another open articulating member of the articulating hemispherical structure. At the time of new articulation, the old dysfunctional air circuit is clamped at it's forked end. It is a provision also to replace any dysfunctional or damaged hose for what ever reason. The described arrangement is only an accessory option, and not a mandate to the original basic structure of the EPSE ensemble. It can be understood that the old joint articulation can also be disjoined outside the EPSE ensemble, for a new joint, but the time and effort for dis-articulation is saved in the alternative of using a forked articulation. It is very important that the hose system has to be checked for the patency of all member air tubes, before the EPSE is installed, after the manufacturer also certifies such functionality.
 All the air capsules 40 are guarded by automatic mechanical one way check valve 58 in the place where the tubes 48 enter the capsules. The valves allows air flow in only one direction, that is, towards the air capsule from it's tubular connection 48, and closes shut in the other direction. It is a safety device that precludes the entry of liquid/gas petroleum entering into the rest of the air circuit system if any one of the air capsule sustains a puncture.
 It is necessary to deflate the air capsules 40 when the EPSE devise has to be taken out of the bore well. It can be done by a simple plan. The other end of each air capsule 40 is devised to be connected to a set of tubing 60, similar to the air tubing set, as described earlier and each capsular tubing is similarly color coded, and travel with them to the air monitoring unit in a different vulcanized rubber hose colored GREEN (with rubber eye lets scattered at places for needed anchorage). It has to be noted that this air tubing set is not provided with any type of mechanical valves. At the monitoring terminal, these tubes 60 are sealed or clamped, and kept as such until the device needs to be deflated. During deflation, the seal or the clamp is opened, when the air gets out of all the air capsules. It is imperative that the clamp of any punctured capsule is not opened (as oil can find it's way into this system) until the EPSE unit is taken out of the oil well. The air escapes with some pressure from the intact capsules, as the air in the capsules are under pressure.
 The two rubber hoses 20 and 60 of the air tubing of the EPSE device can be anchored to the oil conduit EOCS unit tubing (described in the following section), as it is elongated. The metal eye lets that are devised out side the air tubing systems in the form of rubber hoses 20 and 60, can be tied to the EOCS unit at the places where it's snapping locks are placed, making a twisting knot with metal wires through the U of the locks. Such close approximation stabilizes and strengthens the air tubing system in it's sojourn through the well bore. The air tubing system is made of flexible but tough uncompressible rubber tubing, housed in rubber hose, which itself has thin metal helical in the wall, to be maintained as diagonally uncompressible).
 Pressure monitoring for each air capsule 40 is separately done, and when the sealer EPSE ensemble is stationed in a suitable place, all capsules 40 are filled to equal optimum pressure, that was previously calibrated, and asserted that the assembly as a unit is definitely enlarged to dimensions that far exceed the dimensions of the bore well, how ever, far below the attainable maximum pressure, which is separated by `burst pressure` by a reasonable safety margin. Such built in dimensions and prior pressure calibrations allow member(s) 40 of air capsule(s) to be farther expanded and take over the space and volume of a lost member, by accidental puncture, making no significant loss in the surface contour of approximation. When a single member is lost by gradual leak or explosive burst, it will be reflected in it's pressures, as gradual or precipitous fall respectively. When there is a gradual fall in one monitor, all the monitors are to be immediately observed to note if there are two more gradually falling in their pressures, but after a lapse of time. These are the two adjacent members that are losing the pressure due to loss of surface tension, but not air volume. They can be differentiated by their ability to build back their pressures by pumping more air, where as, it is not possible with the member that was punctured. When such situation is encountered, the two adjacent capsules are to be expanded to their maximum allowable pressures, so as they effectively take up the partial or total loss of air volume and correct the gaps in contour created in the upper or lower unit. If there is a gradual or precipitous fall simultaneously in more than one air capsule, it denotes that the damage is not localized, and that a wider area with puncture to multiple air capsules 40 is involved.
 Devising the EPSE with upper and lower sets 44 and 46 of air capsules is to maintain the inflated surface contour of the device as a whole, as at least one capsules in a corresponding position may escape puncture in an occasional rough sojourn through the bore well. Plurality of capsules are designed for preserving the over all structural integrity of the assembly, though building separate tube for each unit is structurally time taking, and monitoring each unit is labor intensive. How ever, the detrimental consequences of the related calamities call forth for more involved design, and diligent monitoring techniques.
 The disclosed EPSE device may not be limited to the described structure, and any other creative additions can also be added to the basic assembly. Additional set of un-inflated members 62 can also be incorporated with in the device in reserve, to take over the place of the lost capsule in the same place. This can be done by devising each tube to be having two separate lumens that bifurcate at the level of the air capsules to establish connection to the inflated and the un-inflated reserve capsules separately. Both the capsules are similarly structured with provisions of the valves 58, and deflating tubes 60. The lumens of the tubes similarly bifurcate at the air pressure monitoring unit, and the lumen of the un-inflated reserve capsule is temporarily clamped, and opened only when it's inflated counterpart is punctured. It may be noted that through puncturing of it's counterpart, the un-inflated member will not establish connection to it's luminal system, for the simple reason that the two luminal systems are practically separate through out, though structured as a conjoined tube, except at the bifurcations at both terminals, and this structurally separate unit is simply not used, meaning it is not air inflated, until subsequently when needed, in one or few of it's members. The members of the reserve sets 62 are attached to the central partition 42 of the EPSE device, and after their corresponding inflated member collapse towards the upper dome 10, the members of the upper reserve set expand above towards the upper dome 10, where as, the members of the lower set expand below towards the lower dome 12. The air tubules of the previously (first) inflated capsules are coiled like a telephone cord at their entry into the air capsules, to allow their movements towards the domes 10 and 12, as their corresponding new members are expanded by inflation, to take their position. The bifurcated tubes corresponding to the air capsules 40 (attached to the domes) at the air monitoring terminal are strikingly thickened, to differentiate as the first set to be inflated, as they are also similarly color coded, like their conjoined counterparts. The reserve unit is also an accessory option, and not a structural mandate to the basic structural unit of the EPSE unit. The whole EPSE unit can be replaced also when ever necessary, if there is a puncture, with significant oil leak through loss of contour, while the well head salvage unit is being still under construction.
 Pressure monitoring of the air capsules 40 at the monitoring station can be done by means similar to the manner done for an automobile tire. It has to be noted that it is possible to calibrate the optimum pressure ranges as it is to be practically done, by connecting the whole tubing unit to the air capsules in the EPSE unit before hand, instead of trying with out the whole tubing unit. In the ocean, oil water mixture also exerts force from outside which is proportional to the true vertical depth (TVD) of the future stationing location of the unit. It is the pressure the air capsular pressure has to over come while inflating, and it is optimized below it's burst pressure. Prior calibration to optimize the needed air capsular pressure avoids second guessing the correct numbers. The predetermined level as previously configured by the operating personnel by prior air filling of the sealing capsule assembly, and noting the pressure required to maintain desired dimension of the seal in the bore well, are done consistent with the diameter of the bore well dug by the company involved. The hydrostatic pressure at any true vertical depth (TVD) of the bore well should be known, and it should be artificially created around air capsules and the rubber coat 38, and then the capsules are inflated to calibrate maximally inflatable pressure, and also burst pressure with acceptable safety margin. 6-8 capsules encircling a central tube arranged in a circular fashion next to each other, within the known inner diameter of the production casing is a typical practical model to also take into account the pressure exerted by adjacent inflated capsule structures. This calibrated values through known numbers of the well structure involved, (except the true vertical depth, but 2-3 possible depths near the well head can be used for calculation purposes, as at least one of them is going to reflect the TVD that may be encountered) are configured before/during the well construction, and should be readily available during an adverse event. Maneuvering through the joint articulations should also be practiced through robotic manipulations before/during the well construction. This is applicable to any type of EPSE device, either simple (to be subsequently described), or structurally more involved model, as described in this section.
 The company manufacturing the device can also predetermine the optimum maximum pressure, and burst pressure at different sub-sea TVD ranges, and the diameter ranges of the bore well in which the device can be effectively employed. The maximum pressure allowed is also calibrated when 1 or 2 adjacent members are lost which in real setting is identified by the color-number match of the tubing unit(s) subject to gradual or precipitous pressure changes, and confirmed by sonar surveillance if present.
 Integration of sonar equipment and monitoring can be done by out side equipment attached below and above the ensemble by any suitable means.
 Experts skilled in the art of hydraulic engineering should be part of the team involved in such technical decision making. It has to be understood that device like this, needed in an emergency situation should be already there, at least two, before a bore well construction for an oil well is started. The company should contact the manufacturers and notify the diameter of the well involved. The manufacturers have to individually build the EPSE device with two domes of the EPSE device at least 3-4 inches smaller than the involved dimensions, and the uninflected diameter of the body of the device to be 1-1.5 inches smaller than the diameter of the bore well. The attainable size after inflation should be substantially more than the `A` annulus-diameter (the inner diameter of the production casing), as it is possible to less than maximally inflate, yet being functional by generating needed tension for sufficiently tight wedging. The EPSE device size is chosen proportional to the well size involved, in standard pre made devices.
The EPSE Devised as a Simple Sealing Ensemble (SSE)
 The EPSE is also built encompassing a simple design, as single air capsule enclosed in a rubber coat with rough textured outer surface, called as `Simple Sealing Ensemble (SSE), and it is more easily expandable, by virtue of it's single air capsule compartment, structured similar to a typical air capsule in the previous design. It has one reserve capsule, also fitted with a one way valve, a single inflating tube, and also a single deflating tube. The device as a whole, is structured like a car tire in it's cross section, but many times it's height (and with dome shaped ends), to cover sufficient vertical length in the well bore. It has a less involved design, and accordingly, is an easy maintenance.
 The air capsule to be `inflated first` in the SSE--is attached to the lower dome, and expands upwards as it is completely inflated. The reserve member is attached to the upper dome, and expands downwards, to take the position of the punctured and collapsed member, that was previously inflated. Because of it's well guarded position underneath the upper dome, the reserve member is protected against any of the surface trauma of the EPSE unit, and most likely to stay intact, if needs to be inflated in the destined position of stationing. Because of the limited number of the connecting tubes involved, all of them, including the deflating tubes, can have different colors and travel in one rubber hose to the air monitoring unit. The detailed structures of the first and the reserve capsule members can be compared to the detailed structure of an individual air capsule in the previous embodiment of the more involved design of the EPSE ensemble.
 For oil wells with no injury sustained to the interior of the inner most casing, the SSE can be a suitable model, and should be the chosen design for it's less time taking installment, and simple monitoring techniques. The central oil conduit is identically structured, and air inflating, pressure monitoring, and further, the air deflating are similarly done, as in the previously detailed EPSE unit.
The Emergency Oil Conducting and Stabilizing Unit (EOCS Unit) of the EPSE/SSE Devices
 The Emergency Oil Conducting and Stabilizing Unit (EOCS Unit) is an embodiment of an accessory device, that stabilizes the EPSE/SSE device against it's inherent buoyant effect, and further connects it to the surface structures. The EOCS Unit is made of segmented or straight configuration. Mechanical force from above is the best way of stabilizing the pneumatic device, any where in the bore well. The central oil pipe as in the EOCS unit, if made heavy, can achieve the purpose, if it also is secured by surface anchorage. The pneumatic device ensemble of EPSE/SSE unit with in itself has few feet of oil conduit pipe 22. Further lengthening as needed, can be added as 2-5 feet segments, such segments made of heavy duty steel. Tubing similar to `production tubing` in it's structure can also be elected in suitable settings, when the bore well to be navigated through is straight, and no significant obstacles need to be maneuvered through.
 Each segment that is progressively attached to the EPSE/SSE unit is configured to be of metal tubing with threading on both ends that articulates with adjacent metal tube segments with complimentary threading. They are tightened with rubber washers, and locked through eye-let holes of both segments that approximate when the two tube unit is completely tightened. The eye let joint is secured by tight snapping lock similar to the one used in daily use for locking suitcases, shelves etc. 2-3 such snapped locking around the circumference in equidistance, for each two segmental joint can be very quickly accomplished even by robotic devices. By successive additions, one at a time, of the afore described segments, the tubing shall be progressively lengthened to the distance where the EPSE/SSE is required to be stationed. The individual segment members can be chosen as long as possible, for easy and rapid elongation. After the EPSE/SSE device is stationed at the destined depth in the bore well, the last segment is added, which is configured differently, that after it's emergence from the well bore on the surface, the tubing shall have an additional outer sleeve that expands like a trumpet, typically to a diameter of 9 and 5/8th inches, with needed configuration similar to the inner most casing, to associate with and hung to a well head-like structure, fitted in the EMERGENCY STABILIZING UNIT WITH WELL HEAD (ESUWH devise, to be subsequently described) on the well surface. The inner oil conduit of the EOCS Unit, of 5-10 cms. diameter, can terminate with structural configuration similar to the standard `production tubing`, to be connected at the well surface, to a newly devised well head-like structure.
 The place and depth where the EPSE/SSE unit has to be stationed are mapped with sonar and video devices, and the depth accordingly maintained, by the addition of the needed tubing that are also measurable. With each segment as big as 5 feet, the EPSE/SSE unit tends to progress in a linear or curvilinear course, in it's navigation within the bore well.
 The rubber hose/air tubing of the EPSE/SSE device can be anchored to the oil conduit EOCS unit tubing as it is elongated. The metal eye lets that are devised out side the air tubing system can be tied to the EOCS unit at the places where the snapping locks are placed, making a twisting knot with metal wires through the U of the locks. Such close approximation stabilizes and strengthens the air tubing system in it's further course from the EPSE/SSE device.
(2) The Emergency Stabilizing Unit with Well Head--Like Structure (ESUWH)--
 The prototype embodiment of an `Emergency Stabilizing Unit with Well Head--like Structure` (ESUWH) stabilizes and sustains the EPSE/SSE device with the EOCS unit in conjunction, in the stationed position with in the bore well, and can be further instrumental in overcoming the well pressure the EOCS/SSE unit can not resist, by also incorporating an oil out-let system, and a well head-like ensemble, necessary in optimizing/resisting the well pressure. Such embodiment is a heavy, weight stabilizing device, made of steel, and many tons in weight, depending upon the dimensions of the bore well, structured like a round topped table, with spread out and wider based legs (3-4), stabilized by driving holes into the sea bed, and secured by cement. It's top has a central hole in which a structure similar to the top of the first casing can be detachably incorporated in a design resembling a flat plate, or a shallow basin securely hung through the hole. In this, a well head like structures can be installed and an oil conduit coming from the EPSE/SSE unit and continued as EOCS unit, or the Emergency plugging oil conduit (EPOC, to be subsequently described) can pass through, (whose articulating configuration can be structured similar as the component of the `production tubing` that passes through the well head) to be hung to the `tubing hanger` over the well head. If the lower segment of the riser is damaged, distorted or displaced by fire/explosion, and by all means dysfunctional proving to be an impediment to the planned structures, it needs to be first dismantled, and taken out of the way, to be replaced very soon, for more permanent reparative process. By precise measurements of the extent of damage at the well site, the ESUWH can be sized to be precisely incorporated into the structure of the cement platform further constructed, as described in the following section 4 (the concept can be better understood, read in conjunction with the section--4).
 It is not labor intensive to install ESUWH, and it can be quickly done if the riser at the well surface is dismantled. Such foot holding with the three/four legs spreading away from the well area avoids disturbing the well structures during it's installment. The center of the devised table top of the ESUWH with a circular passage hole within is thickened or elaborated, to house and stabilize the components needed for well head-like structures. It is installed by robotic devises at the ocean floor, as needed manipulations are less complex. The ESUWH device can be originally structures as 3-4 peripheral pieces of similar size and configuration with legs incorporated, and a separate circular central piece (that is configured to embody the top of the first casing), that can be assembled on the ocean bed over the well surface, by any method feasible and secure. It is configured to be smaller than the base piece of the drilling conductor to be installed very soon (if dismantled in all situations it is proved to be dysfunctional), as described in the following sections. The incorporation of the ESUWH device, substantively suited as a metal frame of the cement platform soon to be constructed at the well surface, is also described in the following sections.
(3) The Emergency Plugging Oil Conduit (EPOC)
 This design of embodiment, a prototype of an `Emergency Plugging Oil Conduit` (EPOC) effectively plugs the `production tubing` of a fully constructed well, if the tubing is fractured, or broken by surface `blow out` of the well. Such damage of the production tubing is usually located near the surface. The situation is encountered in oil wells where a production packers may or may not have been installed. In situation where a packer hardware is in place, as it stabilizes the production tubing, only surface structure of the oil conduit is usually disrupted. Such damage can be cracks with oil leak, fracture involving substantial area of diameter, or a total disconnect. Most packers are permanent and require milling in order to remove them from casing. If it is a retrievable packer it can be easily removed for re-completion. In case of permanent packer involved in massive blow out and destruction of the well head, the production tubing is expected to be incompletely fractured, or completely disconnected and distorted in it's shape, luminal configuration, and positioning.
 Future models with threaded configuration can be easily closed with new connection of oil conduit, but old models with plain tubing, and permanent packers, the situation can be riddled with problems for emergency replacement, as well structures are distorted, and even other wise easy restructuring like `production tubing` replacement, can be met with adversities.
 Accordingly, as an emergency measure, the oil conduit production tubing must be plugged, to occlude the leaks, and the new oil conduit created within it's lumen has to be connected to the well head structure encompassing the center of the ESUWH, the easily installed table top device at the well bore surface. The EPOC is doable at a very early stage when pressure in the oil containment is not built up, by sea water finding it's way into the reservoir.
 As embodied in FIG. 4, the emergency oil plugging conduit (EOPC) that temporarily acts as an oil conduit comprises a metal (steel) tube of smaller caliber 1-2 cm. smaller than the original `production tube` (5-10 cm. standard diameter), incorporating a rubber sheath outside, on most of it's length. It is necessary that the upper component of the distorted or fractured original `production tubing` is completely severed, and taken out of the way. The EOPC 300, is configured in standard variable lengths of many feet, to be passed into the required depth of the remaining lower component of the production tube 302, for a reliable occlusion of it's open upper segment 304 through a substantial length. The metal component 314, of EOPC 300 is made of steel. The lower terminal end 306 of EOPC 300 is slightly narrowed and has rounded rim, for easy maneuvering in it's passage. The metal component 314 of the replacement EOPC tube 300 is capsulated over most of it's length with a strong vulcanized rubber sheath 308 that is connected at it's upper end to an air source 310 through a very thin caliber but strong tubing of vulcanized rubber 312. After the EOPC 300 is passed to a required depth into the remaining lower segment of the production tubing 302, the outer capsule of rubber sheath 308 is inflated through the inflating air tube 312 to completely plug the tube 302 across it's diameter through out the length the tube 300 is passed in. After the full and required inflation of the rubber sheathing 308, the tubing 312 connected to the air source 310 is clamped at it's well surface terminal all the time, to seal the air, except to optimize the pressure of the air in the air capsule/rubber sheath 308 by pumping further air, if the needed calibrated pressure is below optimum. Oil can pass up through the lumen of metal tube 314. At it's lower end 306, the tubing 314 is devoid of the rubber air sheath so as to ensure the lumen of the tubing 314 to stay patent, and not occluded by possibly ballooned tip of the air filled capsule 308. The upper end 316 of the metal tubing 314 that is connected to the well head like structures 318 of the ESUWH device is configured in a standard manner resembling a `production tubing`, needed for it's articulation and to be hung to the tubing hanger above the well head. After it's emergence from the well bore on the surface, the upper end tubing 316 can have an additional outer sleeve that expands like a trumpet typically to a diameter of 9 and 5/8th inches with needed configuration similar to the inner most casing to associate with a well head-like structure fitted in the Emergency Stabilizing Unit with a Well Head Like device (ESUWH device) on the well surface.
 A standardized required calibrated pressure must be always maintained in the rubber sheath of air capsule 308 for needed inflation, and effective plugging of the production tubing 302. As the production tubing is usually well supported by production packers at a lower level, the stability of the plugged structure 302 also stabilizes the EOPC tubing 300 in it's stationed position, apart from the gravity, and a tight seal.
 Very early plugging of the oil conduit accomplishes the most important goal of preventing the sea water finding it's way into the containment, causing dangerous pressures to build up, making every sealing maneuver at that time difficult or virtually impossible by solid or pneumatic devices.
 With plugging of the oil conduit accomplished, it is easy to concentrate on other reparative measures, as the well surface is also deemed to be clean at this time, with out petroleum/crude oil/gas contaminating the sea water.
(4) The Emergency Isolation Platform (EIP) of the Well Head--
 EMERGENCY INSTALLMENT OF CONDUCTION TENSIONER, AND DRILLING CONDUCTOR is essential as soon as the rig and it's connections to the oil well are destroyed, and dysfunctional. The structure of the base piece of the riser (the drilling conductor) is devised to be far bigger (average of 50-60'') than the presently manufactured and available maximum size of 30'', and inverted funnel shaped at the base, to encircle the destroyed leaking bore well, and isolate it from the rest of the oceanic bed so that oil contamination of the sea water is prevented in the very out set. The wreckage of the original rig is moved and cleared for the emergency anchorage of the new one in it's place.
 The above project is generally planned soon after the EPSE unit or the EOPC devise and ESUWH were effectively installed, and the oil leak at the well surface is controlled. Robotic operation is simultaneously undertaken to find the extent of damage at the well head, if any. It there is an explosion at the well head, with fractures to the surface metal casings and disruption of the ocean floor at the well head, the circumferential diameters of the disruption of the ocean floor all around the well head are to be measured. The largest diagonal measurement of these values defines the `Diameter Of Disruption` (DOD) of the ocean ground at the well surface. As well head structure is disrupted, all the incorporated security measures are expected to be dysfunctional. As in the case of BP's Deep Water Horizon oil well, it is a situation with great danger slowly brewing in, as the sea water can find it's way into the oil containment progressively mounting the pressure. Accordingly, it is prudent not to be swayed away by a false sense of security when oil leak is not detected in the beginning, but it can soon happen. For immediate isolation of the damaged well from the surrounding ocean floor, and also to rebuild the damaged well head, it is imperative that an emergency installment of a `Conduction Tensioner` and a running of `Drilling Conductor` be undertaken in the conductor deck. If the rig had collapsed, and the well head blown out, the conduction tensioner could have been destroyed, and there is a disconnection in the drilling conductor (drilling riser), or the left over structures of the riser could have been swept away by ocean currents. Even if only part of the structures are visibly damaged, it is hard to detect the invisible damage to the remaining structures. Accordingly, it is prudent that the riser be completely dismantled, and a replacement planned.
 Clearing of the destroyed rig wreckage is first priority, with anchorage of a new rig that is fire proof, and be at least partly directed by robotic devices for immediate needed basic operations. If the rig is constructed with detachable island rig (DIR), designed to be having an additional conduction platform, as described in the following section--5, the reparative process can be immediately started. This saves precious and precarious time at this point. The dimensions of the novel design of the funnel of the base structure of the drilling riser is chosen to be about 30-40'' wider than the largest diameter that defined the `Diameter Of Disruption` (DOD) of ocean floor at the well head, and it should be out side the outer diameter of the conductor casing. Such circumferential intact ocean floor is essential to drill a hole into the sea bed 141, and then running the funnel tubular into the hole and cementing (143). It is installed on a reliable circumferential ground of the oceanic floor with further stable ground within, to construct the well platform for installing a well head, and new reparative casing.
 FIG. 5 shows a schematic model of the reparative construction at the well head involving the remodeled device of the base structure of the drilling riser. The part of the riser 140 at the bottom and cemented to the ocean floor can be made as inverted funnel shaped with wider base 142, and such structural modification of the bottom allows the rest of the drilling riser 140 to be in the old standard sizes, and further adds to it's stability. If the damage at the well head is significant, the intact solid ground 144, around which a new riser had it's footage should be sufficiently wide to stabilize it. A ring 146 of heightened cement platform is built with centrally extended roof 148, where in the new casing 150 and a new well head 152 have to be stabilized (on a structure 147 devised to be similar to the upper end of the FIRST CASING fixed in the roof 148, to accommodate the well head-like ensemble 152), bypassing the damaged structures 154, comprising tops of old casings 157, and their adjoining structures. It resembles a circular room filled with rubble, obvious or minimal and unobvious, and a REPARATIVE CASING (smaller than the smallest that was previously installed, in the set of casings 157) 150, and the oil conduit production tubing 156, passing through the center of the room, unaffected by the rubble 154 in the room, both the structures 150 and 156 being suspended from the roof-like structure 148 through the well head 152, though not supported by the damaged floor 158 at the level of the original well head. The new well head 152 is now located in the roof instead of the floor (of such room like structure conforming to a rubble), where the original damaged well head was previously positioned. In essence, a platform-like structure is raised through adequate and intact supporting peripheral base, to accommodate a new well head 152, and it's associated structures. Further strengthening of the platform is achieved by flushing the elevated roof-like platform 148 with the sea floor at the periphery, by a ramp like sloping ground of cement 160 all around, in a circumferential manner, which also burrows into the sea bed in sufficient depth, by also cementing a thick layering of slab to form such overhanging sea floor sufficiently covering some partial periphery of the funnel base, that may lack natural over hanging sea bed. Extremely funnel shaped and modified reparative base structure of the drilling riser has to be devised for such sure and unfailing foot hold on the sea floor, and to support the future structures, despite the damaged bore well area 158 at the well outlet. Structural modifications of the replacement riser at the base to accommodate such reparative process can be planned by needed funnel-like extension structure farther down, like a sleeve cuff (that forms the funnel 142), to accommodate a raised circular sloping cemented platform comprising of structures 148 and 160. In wells where there was a blow out, and a well leaking at the top, but no obvious damage identified by reasonable search, a new precautionary reparative casing (having 1-2 strings) smaller than the innermost casing can be cemented in the usual manner with out the need of constructing a cement platform. Such casing can seal any possible leak into the ocean in the vicinity of the well, at a future date.
 The above sequence of construction has to be carefully planned. The cementing of the funnel base piece of the drilling riser is the first step, and at it's periphery an overhanging sea floor can be created for a more secure base structure by cement suitable for quick setting in 3-5 minutes, which is available as QUIKRETTE, Hydraulic Water Stop Cement (number 1126), a high strength material with quick consolidating properties even while wet, available as above or below grade strengths. The inverted funnel like base piece of the riser creates a tent like space on the top of the well head. Manipulations of the robotic arms from the rig are necessary to create the cement platform described above. First, flexible steel metal sheets are wrapped around the metal legs of the ESUWH structure that was already installed. This forms the circumferential boundary of the circular room like area of rubble/damaged well surface that also encompasses the DOD that was measured earlier. Cement slurry is poured around the metal sheets to tightly pack the space around it, as far as the boundary formed by the funnel base of the riser. This creates the area 160. At this juncture the first string of the reparative casing 150 is passed through the detachable table top, and hung to the tubing hanger. More of cement slurry is poured to create a roof over the scaffold of the metal table top structure of the ESUWH device, and further over any unfinished area of 160 to flush with the roof, completely enclosing the structure 147 similar to the first casing, the table top like scaffold, and what ever structures that are to be solidly fixed at this time. It further extends to the very periphery under the rim of the funnel 142, to fill in the dug sea floor hole over the area 143, where the riser was originally cemented. All precautions are to be taken to completely and compactly fill the whole of the space around the metal frame of the ESUWH structure, and the funnel base piece structure of the riser.
 If there is any well surface explosion, how ever severe, it can be assumed that the second string of any casing, and most importantly the innermost casing (that is well bore deeper than 40 feet or 12 meters from the surface) is spared from any compromise, involving the inside of the casing. For that reason, the installation of the first string alone of a New Reparative Casing can be reasonably assumed to be sufficient to seal what ever cracks or fractures that are inflicted to the inside of the damaged innermost casing. Video or sonar devices can be utilized to further confirm the presence of any cracks or fractures involving the inside of the inner most casing at this level (junction of the first and second stings). It not found, it can be reasonably assumed that the inside of the inner most bore well casing at level deeper to the first string is completely intact. To cement the New Reparative Casing to the innermost casing by filling cement slurry through the annulus, the conventional process can be employed, by circulating cement slurry into the casing shoe, and the annulus, pumping through a plug and displacement fluid. At this time, the EPSE/SSE ensemble can be lowered into the well bore beyond the depth of the first string, and it's oil out let tube 28 capped with metal cap having complimentary threading, so that the cementing of the first string of the reparative casing is completed. At this time the EOCS unit of the EPSE/SSE is also disconnected. Having been stationed in the well bore for needed time to optimize the pressure in the oil containment, it can be assumed that the EPSE/SSE device can be safely capped to temporarily stop the oil out flow. Pressure recordings with in the bore well, beyond the EPSE/SSE device can be also done by instruments passed to a deeper level, by slightly deflating the device, and inflating again.
 If it is a EPOC device plugging the `conduction tube` that was in place as a sealing device of the leaking well, it needs to be completely taken out along with the whole of the `conduction tubing` at this time, or the `conduction tubing` can be completely fractured at a level deeper to the first string, and in either situation, replaced by the EPSE/SSE ensemble stationed at this level as the well sealing device, that can be capped, so that the cementing of the first string of the New Reparative Casing can be completed. In situations where fractures of the second string of the inner most casing is identified by video or sonar devices, the EPSE/SSE device has to be lowered below the junction of the second and third string, and a second string of New Reparative Casing also cemented. As the emergency situation was earlier weathered of, these steps can be carefully calculated, and executed even by means that are time taking.
 The above structuring of the platform already described, by no means assume that the problem of sealing the well bore and the oil containment is solved. It only effectively devised a platform for replacement of all vital structures. The oil or gas leak may be still possible from the buried rubble at the well surface, despite 1-2 strings of reparative casing(s) being cemented, though such leak, by all means, is a remote possibility. A second blow out is to be hundred percent ruled out in this labor intensive restoration that can be riddled with fear and trauma of past experience, and understandably invoking an anxious anticipation at every step, how ever, aiming at the well salvage. Accordingly, it is prudent that out let pipes be embedded in the roof of the cemented platform, positioned out side the well head, so that further spill if any, is let out, and not blow out the cement platform when sufficient pressure builds up. For that purpose, the out let pipes are fitted with one way check valve to only let out the oil/gas collected inside the cemented platform, from the real or imagined rubble 154. With effective Cementing of the 1-2 strings of the New Reparative Casing as a continuous bore well column, such spill, is deemed to be negligible. Two types of disposal are available to the oil/gas, possibly emanating from areas 158 and 154, to be let out--  1. Very minute tubules 166, inverted J shape in configuration, are studded in the periphery of the roof, fitted with one way valves to only let the oil/gas out, but not to let the sea water in. Their inlets are dipping into the room of rubble, where as, their out lets are out side the cemented platform, thus traversing the whole thickness of the newly constricted structure. Because of their inverted J shape, with their outlet terminals facing downwards, and located outside of area 148, any hydrostatic pressure due to true vertical height (TVH) of sea water at this level, and exerted on the one way valve, is minimized. Spurts of oil/gas is let out with small pressures built inside the cemented structure. Such spill into the body of ocean is deemed negligible. How ever, samples of these spurts should be monitored, to curtail even minimal danger to the aquatic life forms, and the deep sea environment. They have to be sealed or capped (the tubules being threaded in configuration) in such threatening situation. (They can also be capped, as long as the drilling conductor is in place, and the well surface is isolated from the ocean water around, in which case the following arrangement 2 is a suitable working alternative.)
 (The hydrostatic pressure of the deep sea in this situation is immaterial, as it has no effect on the inverted J tubes, by virtue of the way their openings are positioned. It is for the reason--that only the height of the column of fluid vertically above any point of concern is what contributes to such hydrostatic pressure. Further more, the Pascal's law (the pressure exerted at any point in a closed body of fluids, is equally exerted at all points with in that closed space) is also applicable in this situation, and the hydrostatic pressure at the tips of the inverted J tubules is not subject to hydrostatic pressure from any point in the adjacent body of sea water as a result of the TVD (true vertical depth) in an open body of sea water (as opposed to body of fluid in a closed space, or as in a situation where a tube has it's opening facing upwards, and so having the effects of TVD).  2. A moderately sized tube 168 can also be embedded in the roof of the cement platform with it's inlet opening into the space 154, and fitted with one way check valves at strategic places, and the tube 168 courses up to be joining the main oil pipe, at any suitable level. The valves allow only the out let pipe 168 to empty any collections of oil/gas into the main oil pipe. The one way valves can be multiple (at the level of the cement platform, and at the level of the main oil pipe), to improve efficiency. This tube is inverted L shaped, it's horizontal limb entering the main oil pipe at 90°. This makes the hydrostatic pressure of the vertical oil column of the main pipe exerted on the valve to be dampened. Mechanical forces set up for the oil to flow upwards also help the entry tube to empty into the main oil pipe, and not the other way.
 Reparative Casing 150, smaller in diameter than the smallest available casings at present, should be manufactured, and available to those who used the smallest available casing as the innermost. If not, smaller sized casings are readily available for the rest.
Multiple Leaking Craters in the Ocean Floor
 If oil leak at different areas of ocean floor is located as guided by hovering airplanes or air filled balloons, miniature pneumatic balloons can be used to seal the ocean craters, and then permanently plug on the solid scaffold formed by the pneumatic sealer, by structured combination of metal mesh, and hydraulic water Stop Cement 1126 (QUIKRETTE). How ever, this is undertaken only after a permanent structure is built, but not when the EPSE is in place, as such measure can possibly mount well pressure below the stationed devise, making it unstable. Such spillage into the ocean floor in many different areas are possible, only if the oil in the bore well is under sufficient pressure. How ever, with reparative permanent casing, and cement-sealing the areas of fractured interiors of the innermost casing, such craters are expected to lose their connections to the oil well bore. The ocean body has to be carefully surveyed to spot the areas of identified past spillage, and at this later date, they are not expected to be seen.
(5) The Detachable Island Rig
 A drilling rig can be defined as an unit of equipment built to penetrate the superficial and/or deeper aspects of the Earth's crust. The rigs can be built as small and portable to be moved by single person, or they can be enormous in size and in complexity of functioning so as to house equipment used to: drill oil wells; sample mineral deposits that can impede functional units; identify geological reservoirs; install underground utilities. Large units of drilling rigs, generally configured as more permanent land or marine based structures in remote locations are also facilitated with living quarters for laboring crews involved in well construction, at times hundreds in number.
 The rig as described, can be permanently based in the sea, or floating with partial submersion. Based on the cost of multiple equipments, and life of personnel involved, even a major part of the permanently based rigs should be constructed as a detachable island from the conductor platform (stationing also a separate fire safety and fire fighter's crew in both areas), the possible site of the initial fire or explosion. Both areas should be separated by a stretch of fire proof corridor.
 The structural divisions of the rig under construction should be carefully planned, even if it is not planned to be a floating rig. Ground stability can be a factor in opting for a permanent base secured to the sea floor. What ever mode is chosen, there should be provisions for the detachable island of the rig to quickly steer away from the conduction platform, if the `fire or dangerous gas alarm` goes off as a warning for the crew. The detachable island of the rig is based on the fact that there is no need for the whole rig to be destroyed, and what ever can be saved, should be salvaged, including all the personnel as one pack, working together for such steering off of the rig island.
 FIG. 6 shows the schematic diagram of a plan outline of a rig that includes a Detachable Island Rig (DIR) with in it's structuring. On one end of the rig is the Conduction platform 102 that also includes an appendage of a fire station 104 with the crew. The adjacent segment 106 stations structures needed for immediate operation of the Conduction platform. Structures 102 and 106 are connected to the rest of the Detachable Island Rig (DIR) 108 by a stretch of fire resistant corridor 110, 10-12 feet long, that also harbors any tubing or wired connections to the island 108, all running on two sides of the corridor, one side for electrical wiring 105, and the other for any metal tubing 107. All metal tubes are preferably substituted by a short segment of suitable rubber tubing 109 at the junction of the corridor 110 and the island 108. Every metal tubing in the rig has treading inside or/and out, for immediate repair and articulation by `joint tubing` devised in I, L, C, J, or T shapes having complimentary threading with straight or nested configuration. The island rig 108 is detachable from the corridor 110 and houses the costly and heavy equipment, supplies, needed reserves, working area 114 (having remote controls to the conduction platform, well head, and all functional and security devices), and living quarters 116 for the crew. Such separation of the island area 108 from the fire resistant stretch of corridor 110 gives few minutes time for the island 108 to escape from fire, and be detached and steered away from the rest of the immovable part of the rig 102 and 106. The island rig also harbors a fire station 118 with crew, additional conduction platform 120 (to facilitate an immediate reparative process) with a basic structure, to be fully equipped as needed (for immediate replacement and restoration work, if the original conduction platform is irreparable), and a simple basic steering equipment with a powerful engine, in the farthest end 122, similar to a small ship. Devices have to be in place for the island rig 108 to be structured as permanent base structure, and yet to be detachable in fire or explosion emergencies. The island rig, as a whole, can be stationed on a cement platform 124 erected from the sea floor that behaves like a permanent base. It is most suitable if any structure either in the fixed base or the DIR, like a room or wall, are possibly designed to be easily dismantled, to be arranged into a different configuration as needed during the time of restructuring, and/or each unit can have a movable but temporarily fixed base. It has to be noted that the schematic FIG. 6 only shows the possible plan of the rig, but not exactly the true shapes or exact dimensions.
 The floor level of the concrete platform 124 is so structured that it is at a sufficiently low level from the water surface, so that the island rig 108 can be steered over it to be stationed in a right position. Suitable mechanical devices have to be in place to overcome the buoyant forces of the DIR, to bring it down by few inches, to be rested on the solid base of the rig for it's locking in position. A device of double pulleys 126 as shown in FIG. 7, strategically positioned at multiple sites on the concrete base 124 of the rig can over come such forces by maneuvering steel ropes 128 fixed to the ringed structures 129 at the sides of DIR 108 in corresponding positions and intervals. They can be positioned at different higher levels also for the steel ropes to be operated at any suitable level for exerting traction on the DIR 108 A downward traction on the steel rope 128 on all the pulleys 126 simultaneously will bring down the DIR 108 by few inches on to the concrete/steel base 124 of the rig to be firmly stationed on it, in desired position. The under ground basement 130 of the concrete rig houses similar devise of double pulleys 132 working in the opposite direction, the movement of the terminal metal rope 136 being aided by electrical forces of an electrical motor equipment 134. In this position of approximation of the pulleys and the rings, the DIR is also in a position for locking by remote controls. After locking, the steel ropes are detached from the rings of DIR. The underground basement also houses electrical generators needed for the whole operation of the rig. Being housed in such under ground basement, the chances of the generators being destroyed by fire or explosion is minimized, as this equipment is the ultimate `power house` for survival off shore.
 In a right positioning the DIR 108 can be locked by mechanism similar to the car door (in magnified size with allowance for some imprecision in positioning) by a remote control. These locks are multiple and are located all around the floor except the side 122, where the engine motor for the rig steering in the water is located. Unlocking of the multiple locking sites arranged in a row on the sides of attachments is done by remote control. The unlocking device is similar to the one used for the car doors by a remote control device whose control buttons can be pressed one after the other in quick succession, all being also controlled by a single universal button, for each side. Accordingly, three buttons for the three locked sides of the DIR 108 are operated for it to be completely detached from it's permanent base. With a fourth button, the starting engine of the steering station 122 is activated to take an automatic straight course away from the rest of the rig, until the steering control is taken over by the crew members for directional course. Alternately, any mechanical anchoring devices currently available in the market can be used to detachably anchor the wooden floor of the island rig 108 from the permanent base structure underneath, and the permanent rig structure 110 adjacent. The DIR can be constructed on a vertically adjustable platform, to conform to the rising and falling levels of the sea water, so as to always maintain optimum submersion of it's base structure in water. It can also be structured to have wheels like those of a shopping cart to project at the base when needed, for finer adjustment of it's positioning during stationing on it's base platform.
 At the junction of the fire resistant corridor 110 and the rig island 108, a crash cart is equipped to disconnect any tubing 107, and wiring 105 that connect the two areas 110 and 108. Each tubing or wiring is differently color coded and every member of the crew including the fire fighters should know how to instantly disconnect or severe, and clamp or seal each tubing and wiring. The metal tubing 107 are made of short segments rubber tubing at this level. If they are coursing on the wall, the part of the rubber tubing should have a U or C configuration 109 for easy clamping and cutting). The ends of each metal tubing 107 making the C or U junction, can have attached metal dampers to clamp (by mechanism similar to a tap) both ends of the rubber tubing before severing. The wiring 105 on the either side is carefully cut and sealed. Working with remote devices as much as possible should be the priority to be strongly contemplated, to minimize the tubing and wiring. The signal to unlock the locking devices should be set by the key personnel carrying the remote control, as soon as the connecting tubes and wires are severed. Similar signal also activates the engine to speed steer the island rig 108 in automated straight course, in a direction away from the immovable rig area. Big rolls of wet jute burlaps stored in reserve at different locations of the rig, and thrown on burning objects or equipment, or crew members, is the most effective way of putting of fire, even from inflammable gases, apart from water and fire extinguishers.
 If the island rig had caught fire before it's detachment, powerful sprinklers spread all around, jetting water from the sea, should be activated, and control of fire should be easier as the crew is moving away from the source of danger. Rescue attempts from out side should be immediately activated also. Life boats 138 are also kept in reserve on board. They are positioned all around the periphery to be wheeled down by automatically projected sliding ramps 136 into the water,
 The crew can move away as far as it is deemed safe, but continuously working on the security and functional devices through remote control, and keeping vigilance on the expert professional fire crew left on the deck. They can return to the original rig area as soon as the fire is put off, station the island 108 to start reparative process, using the additional conduction platform 120. If the damage to the immobile structures inclusive of the original conduction deck 102 is substantial, and can not be immediately repaired, quick surface demolition can be done, as in this situation, clearing of the wreckage into the ocean is easy and less time taking than a ground demolition. The DIR can be moved farther on to the concrete base of the area where the fixed part of the rig was located, so that the area 120 can be placed in the area of 102. In this instance the strategically placed locks in this area of the base 124, may not be all around, but even one side is sufficient for structural stability. The basement with generators should be diligently constructed to withstand any calamity, so that immediate electrical circuiting, is restored. Once the reparative casing is cemented, and the production tubing placed, using the new conduction platform, to restore immediate well integrity, any further structuring of the rig can be done for ongoing well maintenance. Work needed in the rig area at this time is not as demanding as at the time of well digging.
 When it is clear by all means that the fire can not be contained by available techniques, and can only endanger the lives of the fire fighter's crew, and staying back would not save the situation, every crew member should steer away, and no body left behind. It is to the best interest of the crew that every body gets basic training in fire fighting, though few are experienced and highly skilled. Those skilled, and stayed back should plan to jump into the ocean in life threatening situations, or when they catch fire, and dive in (to avoid surface oil or crude) for few seconds. The island crew should have powerful binoculars to keep vigilance, and as they steer away, they should let out some life boats into the ocean that are anchored to the stable rig platform by lengthy ropes, so that the fire fighters who jumped into the water can reach them. The boats should have water proof light source to be located if the calamity happens after darkness. The rigs under ground basement should also be housing some life boats located at its periphery. The life boats employed in this situation should have provisions for the `rescued` to get in swiftly, as fire can be spreading on water surface also. They should have two hanging ladders on one side. On the other side the hemi section of the boat is built much heavier to stabilize the weight of the person and prevent the boat toppling, as the person tries to climb up. The boats should have wheels in the bottom to roll them into the sea from the sliding floor of the deck of the rig where they are stationed, so that the weight of the boat would not impede the swiftness needed. The boat on the side of the ladders should be painted with alternate black and white stripes (to aid approaching from the right side), where as, the rest of the boat is painted white, that helps enhanced visibility in darkness (it can also help the rig crew spotting each other, and to be spotted by the rescuing crew), though the fire can also throw light into the vicinity. All the boats should also have fire resistant surface, secured oars inside, and snaps to instant disengaging of the metal rope to steer away from the rig.
 Insurance coverage of damaged rig can be a factor in planning against island rig and it's salvage. How ever, familiarity with the parts of the old rig, remedial measures/damage control that can be immediately undertaken without losing precious time in an utmost critical situation, when such measures are easier, and most importantly, avoiding morbidity or mortality of the crew members--are the factors in favor of constructing a detachable island rig. Finding a new rig that fit's the company's immediate needs and options is enormously time consuming, causing indirect waste of money in such time lost. The insurance agreement can be planned for covering the needed construction, parts, and repair, to restore the fullest and best functional state of the partly damaged rig, as such undertaking is very cost effective for the concerned insurance companies also.
 Alternatively, the oil collecting system can be located at a safe distance from the rig, the tubing having a let out from the drilling conductor many feet away from it's connection with the conduction platform. The oil collecting unit can be totally or partly operated by robotic devices, and free from any non-electrical source of ignition spark (where as, such source can be inherent to the rig, as a unit, to where the inflammable gases should never find their way), which is a basic and most efficacious preventive measure, when all else can possibly fail. The oil receptacles have to be constructed in such a manner (as simple mechanical volume reservoirs), if gas under pressure explodes, any structure involved should not create an electric spark. The DIR is a last resort as there is still possibility that the gas, and the fire, can find it's way into the rig, as essentially all the units are interconnected, as long as the drilling riser is connected to the rig, and to the oil well.
(6) A Model of Oil Gas Separator (OGS)
 This design of embodiment, a prototype model of an `Oil Gas Separator` to be situated beyond the well head and intended to mitigate BOP failure, and prevent a giant bubble of inflammable gas causing rig failure. Entrainment of highly inflammable gases into the oil collection system, at times with unexpected force that can be difficult to contain, can burst open through BOP of the system any where, and such gas entrainment can be set on fire in the off shore rig, as happened in Gulf oil well. Separating the gas from the oil at the very source near the well head, in case a big gas bubble escaped the sub-sea BOP, is the best way to avoid danger from such unexpected entrainment of highly inflammable gas reaching to the surface rig level, and setting up fire, by otherwise insignificant spark.
 FIG. 8 shows such model which is simple in it's device and operation, and different from the basic model of flow control by a valve mechanism, because such `valve` mechanism at times failed, and let out the inflammable gas, at the source. Though the valves are ingenious inventions, in certain set ups, as in oil wells, at times with immense pressures not else where encountered, the valves inherently lack provisions to `resist` at these pressures. They are probably best suited in oil conduits with narrow caliber as in a `production tubing`, as the enormous resistance exerted by the BOP most of the times, overcomes pressure originating in such narrow caliber. How ever, when the innermost casing is the oil conduit (a situation before well completion, as in Deep Water Horizon oil well, and in high production wells when a high flow is planned, with out a narrow lumen `production tubing`), the resistance of the BOP is against a pressure caliber of equal scale at the well level, and of immeasurable scale beyond, from the well containment under great pressure. Most, though not all of the BOP failures probably happen in these circumstances. It can be compared to a narrow open door controlling entry, and a situation when flood gates are fully open, when onslaught is naturally through a wider dimension. Accordingly, it is prudent that yet another mechanism in conjunction be also set in place to mitigate the resulting calamity. It has to be realized that the gas bubble of enormous size, and under very high pressure is the source of danger and has to be eliminated at the origin, from entering the oil collecting system.
 The FIG. 8 shows the collection oil conduit tube 70 beyond the well head. This tube is structured to fork into 3-4 tubes 72 that lead into relatively large tanks 74. Typically the bottom of each tank 74 is perforated with wide aperture sieve like holes 76 through out, where as, the top of the tank is fitted with two outlet tubes 78. The tank contains small additional intact compartment 82 below the level of the sieved bottom, that also has an out let tube 84. As soon as the oil gas mixture/crude, or the gas alone enters the tanks 74, through the tubes 72, the oil (semi-solid plus liquid crude) flows down from the tubes 72, and finds it's way through the wide perforations 76 in the bottom of the tank to compartment 82 below fitted with outlet tube 84, and is continuously let out by upward flow. The tubes 72 are structured to rise only few inches (about 8-10 inches) from the bottom of the tank. The gas under high pressures rises to the top of the tank to be led into surface through two outlet tubes 78, into separate gas collecting system not located in the rig, and connected to separately devised receptacles aided with provisions to deal with gases under high pressures. The outlet tubes 84 from all tanks join a single tube 86 at widely different heights (to avoid further formation of a large bubble, as the gas column, if any, is invariably separated by intervening heights of liquid crude) All tubing can travel upwards together as a single pack.
 The tubes 72 are fitted with external control on/off devices 73 to stop entry of oil/gas into any tank, when desired. They can also control the oil inflow in such a manner, that the level 80 of the oil in the tank 74 is kept below the terminal of the tube 72 in the tank 74, under usual circumstances as shown in FIG. 8. For new wells with very high out flow, all tanks 74 can be operational. When the flow slows, only two can be operational. When it needs to be operated by additional means to get the oil into the system from it's containment, one tank 74 may be operationally sufficient, as the oil/gas can be well controlled with one tank 74, if gas bubble builds up, yet allows sufficient pressure for upward flow.
 Each tank 74 is fitted with a spiraling churner 88, suspended from the roof of the tank, and structured in `inverted funnel` configuration, being widest at the bottom, and moving up and down every few seconds, like a house hold kitchen mixture (mixer), that disrupts any semi-solid crude collected, blocking the perforations 76. Depending upon the type of the oil well and the nature of the crude, some constructions may not need the churner 88, as what ever semisolid crude had passed up the perforations of the lower completion of the well, should be able to pass through the bottom perforations 76 of the tank 74, with out blocking them. The tube 86 mainly contain liquid/semisolid petroleum, or a gas/liquid/semisolid mixture, but the gas in this mixture, if any, is forced to be broken/dispersed into small bubbles while passing through the sieve perforations 76, and further, the gas column formation, if any, is also dispersed in it's course, instead of entering the collecting oil conduit 86, and the off shore rig, as a hazardous giant bubble. There can also be optimum suction set to be operational, for the uplift of the gases entering the tubes 78, that can just counteract otherwise gas suction into oil outlet tubes 84, in case such suction is greater than the natural rise of the gases to the top of the tank 74. Evidently, there is more than a single measure set in place to preclude giant inflammable gas bubble to admix with liquid petroleum in it's collection system. This is a simplest model that can be incorporated at the oil well surface to separate gas under pressure (the target being mitigating dangerous calamities, rather than pursuing 100% refining means of oil gas separation) unlike a complicated set up, involved in the model of the exclusive `oil production plants` of crude oil separation (oil refineries) by fractional distillation.
 The OGS device is obviously intended to mitigate possible entrainment of inflammable gas into the liquid petroleum collection system. Compared to the enormous resistance exerted by the conventional BOP (with both weight and pressure contributing to such pressure resistance), the device unit described as in the OGS seems too simplistic, but there is an inherent difference that is taken advantage of, to propose such a model. The principle involved in the BOP is to ultimately resist the pressure of a giant gas bubble, which may not be always successful, because there is no `set limit` to the pressure of such entrained gas, and at unexpected thresholds, the BOP is bound to fail. The OGS makes no effort to resist such gas pressure, as at certain threshold, it is uncontrollable. Accordingly, it is prudent to let out such pressure, totally if possible, and in case it is only partial, at least the opposing pressure is optimized, for the surface BOP near the rig level to be able to control. Obviously, it is not the intention of the plan of the OGS device to control a liquid oil gusher from the well.
Workable Alternate Plans--
 For the BOP to control pressures involving most powerful of ruptures, in all high volume wells where such events can be reasonably expected, it is a worth trying option to divide the oil line into multiple outlet conduits with in the inner most casing, instead of running single, and each outlet conduit is structured to pass through it's own stacks of BOP, so that each stack of BOP can tackle the divided power of the gusher, reduced to half, or third of it's strength. Additionally, it is also a good practice to never allow a production casing to be a functioning oil conduit in high volume wells, a brewing recipe for danger.
 The base piece of the drilling riser can have an oil outlet tube and an oil inlet tube to accommodate this OGS equipment in the well vicinity on the sea floor, in situations where oil collecting tubular system travels in the drilling conductor to the rig vicinity. Alternatively, it can be in the vicinity of the rig (if it is a mandate), but structurally separated by a safe distance, so that any possible ignition spark (inherent in the rig, as a unit, to where the inflammable gases should never find their way) to set fire the highly inflammable gases can be strictly precluded, which is a basic and most efficacious preventive measure, when all else can possibly fail.
7) Threaded Instant Joint Configurations
 The invention also envisions that all future `Production Tubing` or any tubing, (except the well casings), involving the rig, oil collection tubing, and oil well construction be invariably built with deep inner or outer threading through out, to immediately repair the damage by promptly attaching a `replacement tubing` (with or with out nesting configuration of the articulating ends), in case `fire and well surface blow out` happen, resulting in a `disconnect` in the system, or to close the system any where necessary, with complimentary capping. Such structural mandate is as important as all the incorporated safety devices. The broken tubular structures articulate with new tubing with complimentary outer/inner threading by direct connections, or through `connecting joints` configured in many shapes--I, L, U, C, Y, J, T etc. in plain or in nested configuration, and having inner/outer complimentary threading, to be used as one or multiple joints (one or more `I` joints are usually needed to incorporate other joint structures, to restore a conduit line, or complex interconnections, or they can be closed, where ever necessary, by complimentary capping.
CONCLUSION OF SPECIFICATIONS
 Although the description of all the above embodiments contain many specificities, for descriptive purposes, these should not be construed as limiting the scope of the invention but as merely providing illustrations of some of the most preferred embodiments, yet allowing minor changes as fit for each uniquely differing situation and circumstance, too numerous to exemplify.
Patent applications by Sumathi Paturu, Birmingham, AL US
Patent applications in class Surface vessel
Patent applications in all subclasses Surface vessel