Patent application title: OLIGONUCLEOTIDES FOR CANCER DIAGNOSIS
Praveen Sharma (Oslo, NO)
Anders Lönneborg (Aas, NO)
IPC8 Class: AC12Q168FI
Class name: Combinatorial chemistry technology: method, library, apparatus method of screening a library by measuring the ability to specifically bind a target molecule (e.g., antibody-antigen binding, receptor-ligand binding, etc.)
Publication date: 2012-11-22
Patent application number: 20120295800
The present invention provides sets of oligonucleotides corresponding to
genes encoding proteins involved in protein synthesis and/or stability or
genes encoding proteins involved in the regulation of defense and/or
chromatin remodeling for use in preparing transcript patterns
particularly for cancer diagnosis. The invention also extends to such
sets and kits containing such sets as well as related method reliant on
analysis of marker polypeptides encoded by the genes to develop
characteristic expression profiles.
48. A method of preparing a standard gene transcript pattern characteristic of a cancer or stage thereof in an organism comprising at least the steps of: a) isolating mRNA from the cells of a sample of one or more organisms having the cancer or stage thereof, which isolated mRNA may optionally be reverse transcribed to cDNA; b) hybridizing the mRNA or cDNA of step (a) to a set of oligonucleotide probes specific for said cancer or stage thereof in an organism and sample thereof corresponding to the organism and sample thereof under investigation, wherein said set comprises at least 10 oligonucleotides, wherein each of said at least 10 oligonucleotides is selected from an oligonucleotide listed in Table 2 or 3, or derived from a sequence described in Table 2 or 3, or a complementary sequence thereof, and wherein said set contains less than 1000 oligonucleotide probes; and c) assessing the amount of mRNA or cDNA hybridizing to each of said probes to produce a characteristic pattern reflecting the level of gene expression of genes to which said oligonucleotides bind, in the sample with the cancer or stage thereof, thereby obtaining a standard gene transcript pattern characteristic of a cancer or stage thereof in an organism.
49. A method of preparing a test gene transcript pattern comprising at least the steps of: a) isolating mRNA from the cells of a sample of said test organism, which isolated mRNA may optionally be reverse transcribed to cDNA; b) hybridizing the mRNA or cDNA of step (a) to a set of oligonucleotides as defined in claim 48 specific for a cancer or stage thereof in an organism and sample thereof corresponding to the organism and sample thereof under investigation; and c) assessing the amount of mRNA or cDNA hybridizing to each of said probes to produce said pattern reflecting the level of gene expression of genes to which said oligonucleotides bind, in said test sample, thereby obtaining a test gene transcript pattern.
50. A method of diagnosing or identifying or monitoring a cancer or stage thereof in an organism, comprising the steps of: a) isolating mRNA from the cells of a sample of said organism, which isolated mRNA may optionally be reverse transcribed to cDNA; b) hybridizing the mRNA or cDNA of step (a) to a set of oligonucleotides specific for said cancer or stage thereof in an organism and sample thereof corresponding to the organism and sample thereof under investigation, wherein each of said at least 10 oligonucleotides is selected from an oligonucleotide listed in Table 2 or 3, or derived from a sequence described in Table 2 or 3, or a complementary sequence thereof, and wherein said set contains less than 1000 oligonucleotide probes; c) assessing the amount of mRNA or cDNA hybridizing to each of said probes to produce a characteristic pattern reflecting the level of gene expression of genes to which said oligonucleotides bind, in said sample; and d) comparing said pattern to a standard diagnostic pattern prepared according to the method of claim 48 using a sample from an organism corresponding to the organism and sample under investigation to determine the presence of said cancer or a stage thereof in the organism under investigation.
51. The method as claimed in claim 48, wherein each oligonucleotide probe is selected from an oligonucleotide listed in Table 2, or derived from a sequence described in Table 2, or a complementary sequence thereof.
52. The method as claimed in claim 48, wherein each oligonucleotide probe is selected from an oligonucleotide listed in Table 3, or derived from a sequence described in Table 3, or a complementary sequence thereof.
53. The method as claimed in claim 48, wherein said set additionally comprises one or more oligonucleotide probes selected from an oligonucleotide listed in Table 4, or derived from a sequence described in Table 4, or a complementary sequence thereof.
54. The method as claimed in claim 48, wherein the oligonucleotide derived from a sequence disclosed in Table 2, 3 or 4 is a part of a gene described by its Accession number in Table 2, 5 or 6, respectively, or a complementary sequence thereof.
55. The method as claimed in claim 53, wherein the oligonucleotide derived from a sequence disclosed in Table 2, 3 or 4 is a part of a gene described by its Accession number in Table 2, 5 or 6, respectively, or a complementary sequence thereof.
56. The method as claimed in claim 48, wherein said set consists of from 10 to 500 probes.
57. The method as claimed in claim 48, wherein said set of probes are immobilized on one or more solid supports.
58. The method as claimed in claim 48, wherein said sample is peripheral blood.
59. The method as claimed in claim 48, wherein said cancer is stomach, lung, breast, prostate gland, bowel, skin, colon or ovary cancer.
60. The method as claimed in claim 48, wherein said organism is a mammal.
61. The method as claimed in claim 48, wherein at least one of said probes in said set is suitable for diagnosing, identifying or monitoring at least two of said cancers or stages hereof.
62. The method of diagnosing or identifying or monitoring as claimed in claim 50, wherein said diagnosing, identifying or monitoring of two or more cancers or stages thereof in an organism, wherein said test pattern produced in step c) of the diagnostic method is compared in step d) to at least two of said standard diagnostic patterns, wherein each standard diagnostic pattern is a pattern generated for a different cancer or stage thereof.
63. A set of oligonucleotide probes as defined in claim 48, wherein said probe set contains less than 500 probes.
64. A kit comprising a set of oligonucleotide probes as defined in claim 63 immobilized on one or more solid supports.
65. A method of preparing a standard gene transcript pattern characteristic of a cancer or stage thereof in an organism comprising at least the steps of: a) releasing target polypeptides from a sample of one or more organisms having the cancer or stage thereof; b) contacting said target polypeptides with one or more binding partners, wherein each binding partner is specific to a marker polypeptide (or a fragment thereof) encoded by the gene to which an oligonucleotide as defined in claim 48 binds, to allow binding of said binding partners to said target polypeptides, wherein said marker polypeptides are specific for said cancer in an organism and sample thereof corresponding to the organism and sample thereof under investigation; and c) assessing the target polypeptide binding to said binding partners to produce a characteristic pattern reflecting the level of gene expression of genes which express said marker polypeptides, in the sample with the cancer or stage thereof, thereby obtaining a standard gene transcript pattern characteristic of a cancer or stage thereof in an organism.
66. A method of preparing a test gene transcript pattern comprising at least the steps of: a) releasing target polypeptides from a sample of said test organism; b) contacting said target polypeptides with one or more binding partners, wherein each binding partner is specific to a marker polypeptide (or a fragment thereof) encoded by the gene to which an oligonucleotide as defined in claim 48 binds, to allow binding of said binding partners to said target polypeptides, wherein said marker polypeptides are specific for said cancer in an organism and sample thereof corresponding to the organism and sample thereof under investigation; and c) assessing the target polypeptide binding to said binding partners to produce a characteristic pattern reflecting the level of gene expression of genes which express said marker polypeptides, in said test sample, thereby obtaining a test gene transcript pattern.
67. A method of diagnosing or identifying or monitoring a cancer or stage thereof in an organism comprising the steps of: a) releasing target polypeptides from a sample of said organism; b) contacting said target polypeptides with one or more binding partners, wherein each binding partner is specific to a marker polypeptide (or a fragment thereof) encoded by the gene to which an oligonucleotide binds, to allow binding of said binding partners to said target polypeptides, wherein said marker polypeptides are specific for said cancer in an organism and sample thereof corresponding to the organism and sample thereof under investigation, and wherein said oligonucleotide is selected from an oligonucleotide listed in Table 2 or 3, or derived from a sequence described in Table 2 or 3, or a complementary sequence thereof; and c) assessing the target polypeptide binding to said binding partners to produce a characteristic pattern reflecting the level of gene expression of genes which express said marker polypeptides in said sample; and d) comparing said pattern to a standard diagnostic pattern prepared according to the method of claim 65 using a sample from an organism corresponding to the organism and sample under investigation to determine the degree of correlation indicative of the presence of said cancer or a stage thereof in the organism under investigation.
68. The method as claimed in claim 59, wherein said cancer is breast cancer.
69. The method as claimed in claim 60, wherein said organism is a human.
70. The set of oligonucleotide probes as claimed in claim 63, wherein said set additionally comprises one or more oligonucleotide probes selected from an oligonucleotide listed in Table 4, or derived from a sequence described in Table 4, or a complementary sequence thereof.
71. The set of oligonucleotide probes as claimed in claims 63, wherein the oligonucleotide derived from a sequence disclosed in Table 2, 3 or 4 is a part of a gene described by its Accession number in Table 2, 5 or 6, respectively, or a complementary sequence thereof.
72. The method as claimed in claim 48, wherein said set of oligonucleotides is randomly selected from the oligonucleotides listed in Table 2 or 3, wherein each oligonucleotide may be replaced with an oligonucleotide derived from said Table 2 or 3 oligonucleotide, with an oligonucleotide with a complementary sequence or with a functionally equivalent oligonucleotide.
73. The method as claimed in claim 49, wherein said set of oligonucleotides is randomly selected from the oligonucleotides listed in Table 2 or 3, wherein each oligonucleotide may be replaced with an oligonucleotide derived from said Table 2 or 3 oligonucleotide, with an oligonucleotide with a complementary sequence or with a functionally equivalent oligonucleotide.
74. The method as claimed in claim 50, wherein said set of oligonucleotides is randomly selected from the oligonucleotides listed in Table 2 or 3, wherein each oligonucleotide may be replaced with an oligonucleotide derived from said Table 2 or 3 oligonucleotide, with an oligonucleotide with a complementary sequence or with a functionally equivalent oligonucleotide.
75. The method as claimed in claim 48 wherein said set comprises all of the oligonucleotides listed in Table 2 or 3, wherein each oligonucleotide may be replaced with an oligonucleotide derived from said Table 2 or 3 oligonucleotide, with an oligonucleotide with a complementary sequence or with a functionally equivalent oligonucleotide.
76. The method as claimed in claim 49 wherein said set comprises all of the oligonucleotides listed in Table 2 or 3, wherein each oligonucleotide may be replaced with an oligonucleotide derived from said Table 2 or 3 oligonucleotide, with an oligonucleotide with a complementary sequence or with a functionally equivalent oligonucleotide.
77. The method as claimed in claim 50 wherein said set comprises all of the oligonucleotides listed in Table 2 or 3, wherein each oligonucleotide may be replaced with an oligonucleotide derived from said Table 2 or 3 oligonucleotide, with an oligonucleotide with a complementary sequence or with a functionally equivalent oligonucleotide.
78. The method as claimed in claim 72, wherein said set additionally comprises all of the oligonucleotides listed in Table 4 wherein each oligonucleotide may be replaced with an oligonucleotide derived from said Table 4 oligonucleotide, with an oligonucleotide with a complementary sequence or with a functionally equivalent oligonucleotide.
79. The method as claimed in claim 73, wherein said set additionally comprises all of the oligonucleotides listed in Table 4 wherein each oligonucleotide may be replaced with an oligonucleotide derived from said Table 4 oligonucleotide, with an oligonucleotide with a complementary sequence or with a functionally equivalent oligonucleotide.
80. The method as claimed in claim 74, wherein said set additionally comprises all of the oligonucleotides listed in Table 4 wherein each oligonucleotide may be replaced with an oligonucleotide derived from said Table 4 oligonucleotide, with an oligonucleotide with a complementary sequence or with a functionally equivalent oligonucleotide.
81. The method as claimed in claim 75, wherein said set additionally comprises all of the oligonucleotides listed in Table 4 wherein each oligonucleotide may be replaced with an oligonucleotide derived from said Table 4 oligonucleotide, with an oligonucleotide with a complementary sequence or with a functionally equivalent oligonucleotide.
82. The method as claimed in claim 76, wherein said set additionally comprises all of the oligonucleotides listed in Table 4 wherein each oligonucleotide may be replaced with an oligonucleotide derived from said Table 4 oligonucleotide, with an oligonucleotide with a complementary sequence or with a functionally equivalent oligonucleotide.
83. The method as claimed in claim 77, wherein said set additionally comprises all of the oligonucleotides listed in Table 4 wherein each oligonucleotide may be replaced with an oligonucleotide derived from said Table 4 oligonucleotide, with an oligonucleotide with a complementary sequence or with a functionally equivalent oligonucleotide.
CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS
 This is a continuation of U.S. patent application Ser. No. 11/628,300 filed Jul. 18, 2007 (allowed), which is a 371 National Stage Entry of PCT/GB05/02180, filed Jun. 2, 2005, which claims the benefit of GB 0412301.4, filed Jun. 2, 2004. The entire disclosures of the prior applications are considered part of the disclosure of this continuing application and are hereby incorporated by reference.
 The present invention relates to oligonucleotide probes, for use in assessing gene transcript levels in a cell, which may be used in analytical techniques, particularly diagnostic techniques. Conveniently the probes are provided in kit form. Different sets of probes may be used in techniques to prepare gene expression patterns and identify, diagnose or monitor different cancers or stages thereof.
 The identification of quick and easy methods of sample analysis for, for example, diagnostic applications, remains the goal of many researchers. End users seek methods which are cost effective, produce statistically significant results and which may be implemented routinely without the need for highly skilled individuals.
 The analysis of gene expression within cells has been used to provide information on the state of those cells and importantly the state of the individual from which the cells are derived. The relative expression of various genes in a cell has been identified as reflecting a particular state within a body. For example, cancer cells are known to exhibit altered expression of various proteins and the transcripts or the expressed proteins may therefore be used as markers of that disease state.
 Thus biopsy tissue may be analysed for the presence of these markers and cells originating from the site of the disease may be identified in other tissues or fluids of the body by the presence of the markers. Furthermore, products of the altered expression may be released into the blood stream and these products may be analysed. In addition cells which have contacted disease cells may be affected by their direct contact with those cells resulting in altered gene expression and their expression or products of expression may be similarly analysed.
 However, there are some limitations with these methods. For example, the use of specific tumour markers for identifying cancer suffers from a variety' of defects, such as lack of specificity or sensitivity, association of the marker with disease states besides the specific type of cancer, and difficulty of detection in asymptomatic individuals.
 In addition to the analysis of one or two marker transcripts or proteins, more recently, gene expression patterns have been analysed. Most of the work involving large-scale gene expression analysis with implications in disease diagnosis has involved clinical samples originating from diseased tissues or cells. For example, several recent publications, which demonstrate that gene expression data can be used to distinguish between similar cancer types, have used clinical samples from diseased tissues or cells (Alon et al. 1999, PNAS, 96, p6745-6750; Golub et al. 1999, Science, 286, p531-537; Alizadeh et al, 2000, Nature, 403, p503-511; Bittner et al., 2000, Nature, 406, p536-540).
 However, these methods have relied on analysis of a sample containing diseased cells or products of those cells or cells which have been contacted by disease cells. Analysis of such samples relies on knowledge of the presence of a disease and its location, which may be difficult in asymptomatic patients. Furthermore, samples can not always be taken from the disease site, e.g. in diseases of the brain.
 In a finding of great significance, the present inventors identified the previously untapped potential of all cells within a body to provide information relating to the state of the organism from which the cells were derived. WO98/49342 describes the analysis of the gene expression of cells distant from the site of disease, e.g. peripheral blood collected distant from a cancer site. PCT/GB03/005102, incorporated herein by reference, describes specific probes for the diagnosis of breast cancer and Alzheimer's disease and discusses protocols for identifying other appropriate probes for that purpose and for diagnosing other diseases.
 This finding is based on the premise that the different parts of an organism's body exist in dynamic interaction with each other. When a disease affects one part of the body, other parts of the body are also affected. The interaction results from a wide spectrum of biochemical signals that are released from the diseased area, affecting other areas in the body. Although, the nature of the biochemical and physiological changes induced by the released signals can vary in the different body parts, the changes can be measured at the level of gene expression and used for diagnostic purposes.
 The physiological state of a cell in an organism is determined by the pattern with which genes are expressed in it. The pattern depends upon the internal and external biological stimuli to which said cell is exposed, and any change either in the extent or in the nature of these stimuli can lead to a change in the pattern with which the different genes are expressed in the cell. There is a growing understanding that by analysing the systemic changes in gene expression patterns in cells in biological samples, it is possible to provide information on the type and nature of the biological stimuli that are acting on them. Thus, for example, by monitoring the expression of a large number of genes in cells in a test sample, it is possible to determine whether their genes are expressed with a pattern characteristic for a particular disease, condition or stage thereof. Measuring changes in gene activities in cells, e.g. from tissue or body fluids is therefore emerging as a powerful tool for disease diagnosis.
 Such methods have various advantages. Often, obtaining clinical samples from certain areas in the body that is diseased can be difficult and may involve undesirable invasions in the body, for example biopsy is often used to obtain samples for cancer. In some cases, such as in Alzheimer's disease the diseased brain specimen can only be obtained post-mortem. Furthermore, the tissue specimens which are obtained are often heterogeneous and may contain a mixture of both diseased and non-diseased cells, making the analysis of generated gene expression data both complex and difficult.
 It has been suggested that a pool of tumour tissues that appear to be pathogenetically homogeneous with respect to morphological appearances of the tumour may well be highly heterogeneous at the molecular level (Alizadeh, 2000, supra), and in fact might contain tumours representing essentially different diseases (Alizadeh, 2000, supra; Golub, 1999, supra). For the purpose of identifying a disease, condition, or a stage thereof, any method that does not require clinical samples to originate directly from diseased tissues or cells is highly desirable since clinical samples representing a homogeneous mixture of cell types can be obtained from an easily accessible region in the body.
 We have now identified a family of sequences which allow the derivation of a set of probes of surprising utility for identifying cancer, particularly breast cancer. Thus, we now describe families of genes whose expression is altered in the cells of blood samples from cancer patients, which may be used to generate probes for use in methods of identifying, diagnosing or monitoring cancer or stages thereof.
 In work leading up to this invention, the inventors examined the level of expression of a large number of genes in cancer patients relative to normal patients. Not only were a large number of genes found to exhibit altered expression, but, in addition, those which exhibited altered expression were found to fall within discrete families of genes, by virtue of their function. As such these genes provide a pool from which corresponding probes may be generated which can be used collectively to generate a fingerprint of the expression of these genes in an individual. Since the expression of these genes is altered in the cancer individual, and may hence be considered informative for that state, the generated fingerprint from the collection of probes is indicative of the disease relative to the normal state.
 The families of genes that have been identified as being differentially expressed in cancer patients may be summarized as follows:  (i) genes encoding proteins involved in protein synthesis and/or stability;  (ii) genes encoding proteins involved in the regulation of defence and/or chromatin remodelling. Family (i) includes:  (a) genes encoding ribosomal proteins and ribosomal activation proteins (ie. proteins comprising components of ribosomal proteins or involved in modification of their function and are found to be down-regulated in cancer patients). These encoded proteins include ribosomal proteins L1-L56, L7A, L10A, L13A, L18A, L23A, L27A, L35A, L36A, L37A, P0, P1, P2, S2-S29, S31, S33-S36, S3A, S15A, S18A, S18B, S18C, S27A, 63, 115 (and pseudogenes), ribosomal protein kinases (e.g. S6 kinase), ribonucleases, putative S1 RNA binding domain protein, eukaryotic translation initiation factors and guanine nucleotide binding protein G;  (b) genes encoding translation inhibition and initiation factors (ie. proteins involved in the translation of mRNA to a protein product and are found to be down-regulated in cancer patients). These encoded proteins include eukaryotic translation elongation factors, tRNA synthetases, RNA binding proteins, polyadenylation element binding proteins, tyrosine phosphatases, eukaryotic translation initiation factors, and RNA polymerase I, III transcription factors;  (c) genes encoding other modulators of transcription or translation such as cyclin D-type binding protein and guanine nucleotide binding protein. Family (ii) includes:  (a) genes encoding immune response related proteins (ie. proteins which are up-regulated in response to immune stimulation, and which include proteins upregulated in response to inflammation or in generating an inflammatory response, and are found to be up-regulated in cancer patients). These encoded proteins include T-cell receptor and associated components, e.g. protein kinases, various cytokines, including the interleukins and their receptors (such as IL-1,2,3,4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 15, 17, 18, 20, 22, 24), tumour necrosis factor and its receptor and its superfamily (e.g. TNF superfamily members 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15), interferon regulatory factors, oncostatin M, Leukemia inhibitory factor, chemokine ligand and receptor family (e.g. numbers 1-28), complement components, interferon stimulated factors such as transcription factors, MHC (e.g HLA) class I or II (or related components) (e.g. DQ, DR, DO, DP, DM alpha or beta), adhesion proteins (e.g. CD1A, CD1C, CD1D, CD3Z, 6, 8, 11, 14, 18, 24, 27, 28, 29, 40, 44, 50, 54, 59, 74, 79B, 80, 81, 83, 86, 96, ICAM), nuclear factor of kappa polypeptide gene enhancer in B-cells, myelin basic protein, cathepsin, toll-like receptor, proteosome subunits, ferritin, protein kinases or phosphatases as well as their activators and inhibitors, leukocyte immunoglobulin-like receptor, immunoglobulin components, e.g. heavy chain or Fc fragments, e.g. of IgG, IgE or IgA or their superfamily, defensin, oxytocin, S100 calcium binding protein, lectin and its receptor and superfamily, leptin, phospholipase and growth factors (such as endothelial cell growth factor or erythropoietin);  (b) genes encoding TNF-induced proteins (ie. proteins which are induced in an individual in response to exposure to TNF and are found to be up-regulated in cancer patients). These encoded proteins include TNF alpha-induced protein 8, integrin, inhibitor of kappa light polypeptide gene enhancer in B-cells, TNF-associated factor 2, 5, nuclear factor of kappa light polypeptide gene enhancer in B-cells, MAP kinases, protein kinase C, ubiquitous kinase, cadherin, caspase, cyclin D1, superoxide dismutase and interleukins;  (c) genes encoding hypoxia-induced proteins (ie. proteins which are induced when the individual or a part thereof is in a state of hypoxia and are found to be up-regulated in cancer patients). These encoded proteins include sestrin, B1A binding protein p300, endothelin, ataxia telangiectasia and Rad3 related protein, hexokinase 2, TEK tyrosine kinase, DNA fragmentation factor, caspase, plasminogen activator, hypoxia-inducible factor 1 and glucose phosphate isomerase;  (d) genes encoding oxidative stress proteins (ie. proteins which are induced in an individual or part thereof under oxidative stress and are found to be up-regulated in cancer patients). These encoded proteins include superoxide dismutase, glutathione synthetase, catalase, lactoperoxidase, thyroid peroxidase, myeloperoxidase, eosinophil peroxidase, oxidation resistance 1, peroxiredoxin, cytochrome P450, scavenger receptor, paraoxonase, glutathione reductase, NAD(P)H dehydrogenase, glutathione S-transferase, catenin, glutaredoxin, heat shock proteins (such as heat shock transcription factors), mitogen-activated protein kinases, enolase, thioredoxin reductase and peroxiredoxin;  (e) genes encoding proteins involved in chromatin remodelling (ie. proteins which are instrumental in maintaining or modifying chromatin structure and may be essential for gene regulation). These encoded proteins include histone replacement proteins, e.g. H3.3A or H3.3B family.
 Appropriate gene sequences falling within the families described above may be identified by interrogation of appropriate databases using as keywords the family name, e.g. "immune response" on gene or protein databases at National Centre for Biotechnology Information, Norway. For confirmation of the utility of such gene sequences for the development of oligonucleotides for the tests described herein, the expression of a particular gene sequence may be assessed in a test cancer patient versus a normal patient. Variation in expression above or below control levels is indicative of the utility of the sequence for probe derivation.
 Generally the genes encoding the above (i) families are down-regulated in cancer versus normal patients and in the case of (ii) families the encoding genes are up-regulated.
 It is speculated that in cancer patients the systematic decreased expression of genes involved in ribosome production and translation control may indicate that blood cells are responding to a new condition in those patients by decreasing the rate of protein synthesis which may be a cellular adaption to an environment of low oxygen and energy deficiency. This is supported by the observation that genes involved in defence against reactive oxygen species (ROS) such as MnSOD and ferritin are upregulated in cancer samples. Low erythropoietin may explain the low oxygen levels in cancer patients. TNF activation is also believed to be a route for the changes in the families of genes described above since TNF is known to up regulate expression of e.g. ferritin, defensin, MnSOD and caigranulin B. TNF also inhibits EPO production which can itself cause a low oxygen condition in the blood environment. Hypoxia is known to induce TNF levels. These changes may be triggered by angiogenic factors entering the bloodstream. Although not wishing to be bound by theory, the hypothesis underlying the above described effects is shown in FIG. 1.
 Thus the invention provides a set of oligonucleotide probes which correspond to genes in a cell whose expression is affected in a pattern characteristic of a particular cancer or stage of, wherein said genes are systemically affected by said cancer or stage thereof. Preferably said genes are constitutively moderately or highly expressed. Preferably the genes are moderately or highly expressed in the cells of the sample but not in cells from disease cells or in cells having contacted such disease cells.
 Such probes, particularly when isolated from cells distant to the site of disease, do not rely on the development of disease to clinically recognizable levels and allow detection of a cancer or stage thereof very early after the onset of said cancer, even years before other subjective or objective symptoms appear.
 As used herein "systemically" affected genes refers to genes whose expression is affected in the body without direct contact with a disease cell or disease site and the cells under investigation are not disease cells.
 "Contact" as referred to herein refers to cells coming into close proximity with one another such that the direct effect of one cell on the other may be observed, e.g. an immune response, wherein these responses are not mediated by secondary molecules released from the first cell over a large distance to affect the second cell. Preferably contact refers to physical contact, or contact that is as close as is sterically possible, conveniently, cells which contact one another are found in the same unit volume, for example within 1 cm3.
 A "disease cell" is a cell manifesting phenotypic changes and is present at the disease site at some time during its life-span, e.g. a tumour cell at the tumour site or which has disseminated from the tumour, or a brain cell in the case of cancer of the brain.
 "Moderately or highly" expressed genes refers to those present in resting cells in a copy number of more than 30-100 copies/cell (assuming an average 3×105 mRNA molecules in a cell).
 Specific probes having the above described properties are provided herein.
 Thus in one aspect, the present invention provides a set of oligonucleotide probes, wherein said set comprises at least 10 oligonucleotides selected from:  an oligonucleotide corresponding to a gene sequence from family (i) or (ii) as defined hereinbefore or derived from such a sequence, or an oligonucleotide with a complementary sequence, or a functionally equivalent oligonucleotide.
 The invention further provides a method of preparing a set of oligonucleotides for use in the methods described herein, comprising the step of selecting one or more oligonucleotides corresponding to a gene sequence from family (i) and one or more oligonucleotides corresponding to a gene sequence from family (ii). Preferably more than 1 oligonucleotides is selected from each family (e.g. from different sub-families) and the selected oligonucleotides are from preferred genes as described herein.
 The invention also provides one or more oligonucleotide probes, wherein each oligonucleotide probe is selected from the oligonucleotides listed in Table 2, 3 or 4 (e.g. from Table 2) or derived from a sequence described in Table 2, 3 or 4, or a complementary sequence thereof. Said derived oligonucleotides include oligonucleotides derived from the genes corresponding to the sequences provided in those tables, e.g. the genes set forth in Tables 2, 5 or 6 (see the Accession numbers), or the complementary sequences thereof. The use of such probes in products and methods of the invention, form further aspects of the invention.
 As referred to herein an "oligonucleotide" is a nucleic acid molecule having at least 6 monomers in the polymeric structure, ie. nucleotides or modified forms thereof. The nucleic acid molecule may be DNA, RNA or PNA (peptide nucleic acid) or hybrids thereof or modified versions thereof, e.g. chemically modified forms, e.g. LNA (Locked Nucleic acid), by methylation or made up of modified or non-natural bases during synthesis, providing they retain their ability to bind to complementary sequences. Such oligonucleotides are used in accordance with the invention to probe target sequences and are thus referred to herein also as oligonucleotide probes or simply as probes.
 An oligonucleotide corresponding to a gene sequence from family (i) or (ii) refers to an oligonucleotide corresponding to all or a part of said gene sequence or its transcript. When a part of the gene sequence is used, it satisfies the requirements of the oligonucleotide probes as described herein, e.g. in length and function. Preferably said parts have the size described hereinafter. Said oligonucleotide is referred to hereinafter as the primary oligonucleotide. A derived oligonucleotide refers to an oligonucleotide which is a part of the primary oligonucleotide but satisfies the requirements for probes as described herein.
 Preferably the oligonucleotide probes forming said set are at least 15 bases in length to allow binding of target molecules. Especially preferably said oligonucleotide probes are from 20 to 200 bases in length, e.g. from 30 to 150 bases, preferably 50-100 bases in length.
 As referred to herein the term "complementary sequences" refers to sequences with consecutive complementary bases (ie. T:A, G:C) and which complementary sequences are therefore able to bind to one another through their complementarity.
 Reference to "10 oligonucleotides" refers to 10 different oligonucleotides. Whilst an oligonucleotide from a gene sequence family as described herein, a derived oligonucleotide and their functional equivalent are considered different oligonucleotides, complementary oligonucleotides are not considered different. Preferably however, the at least 10 oligonucleotides correspond to 10 different gene sequences within the described gene sequence families (or derived oligonucleotides or their functional equivalents). Thus said 10 different oligonucleotides are preferably able to bind to 10 different transcripts.
 Preferably the at least 10 oligonucleotides are made up of a combination of oligonucleotides from family (i) and (ii), e.g. 5 oligonucleotides from each family may be used, or 4 from one family and 6 from the other family. This advantageously allows the use of genes which are up and down-regulated in cancer relative to normal patients. Conveniently, one or more oligonucleotides from different sub-families may be used, e.g. 2 probes each from (i)a, (i)b, (i)c, (ii)a and (ii)b. Especially preferably said set of oligonucleotides includes oligonucleotides from family (i)a, (ii)a and (ii)e.
 Preferred proteins encoded by family (i) a genes are ribosomal proteins and preferably each set includes an oligonucleotide from a gene encoding such a protein.
 Preferred immune response proteins encoded by family (ii)a genes include adhesion proteins, interleukins their receptors and superfamily, TNF its receptor and superfamily, immunoglobulin components and erythropoietin.
 Particularly preferably said set includes oligonucleotides from genes encoding one or more ribosomal proteins and optionally one or more histones and optionally ferritin.
 Preferably said oligonucleotides are as described in Table 2 or 3 or are derived from a sequence described in Table 2 or 3, e.g. as described in Table 2. Said set may additionally comprise one or more oligonucleotide probes listed in Table 4, or derived from a sequence described in Table 4, or a complementary sequence thereof. Said derived oligonucleotides include oligonucleotides derived from the genes corresponding to the sequences provided in those tables, e.g. the genes set forth in Tables 2, 5 or 6 (see the Accession numbers), or the complementary sequences thereof.
 A "set" as described refers to a collection of unique oligonucleotide probes (ie. having a distinct sequence) and preferably consists of less than 1000 oligonucleotide probes, especially less than 500 probes, e.g. preferably from 10 to 500, e.g. 10 to 100, 200 or 300, especially preferably 20 to 100, e.g. 30 to 100 probes. In some cases less than 10 probes may be used, e.g. from 2 to 9 probes, e.g. 5 to 9 probes.
 It will be appreciated that increasing the number of probes will prevent the possibility of poor analysis, e.g. misdiagnosis by comparison to other diseases which could similarly alter the expression of the particular genes in question. Other oligonucleotide probes not described herein may also be present, particularly if they aid the ultimate use of the set of oligonucleotide probes. However, preferably said set consists only of the oligonucleotides described herein, or a sub-set thereof (e.g. of the size as described above).
 Multiple copies of each unique oligonucleotide probe, e.g. 10 or more copies, may be present in each set, but constitute only a single probe.
 A set of oligonucleotide probes, which may preferably be immobilized on a solid support or have means for such immobilization, comprises the at least 10 oligonucleotide probes selected from those described hereinbefore. As mentioned above, these 10 probes must be unique and have different sequences. Having said this however, two separate probes may be used which recognize the same gene but reflect different splicing events. However oligonucleotide probes which are complementary to, and bind to distinct genes are preferred.
 As described herein a "functionally equivalent" or derived oligonucleotide refers to an oligonucleotide which is capable of identifying the same gene as an oligonucleotide from a sequence in the gene sequence families described herein ie. it can bind to the same mRNA molecule (or DNA) transcribed from a gene (target nucleic acid molecule) as the primary oligonucleotide or the derived oligonucleotide (or its complementary sequence). Thus in a preferred feature said derived or functionally equivalent oligonucleotide is a part of a gene sequence as defined in Table 2, 5 or 6, or the complementary sequence thereof. Preferably said functionally equivalent oligonucleotide is capable of recognizing, ie. binding to the same splicing product as a primary oligonucleotide or a derived oligonucleotide. Preferably said mRNA molecule is the full length mRNA molecule which corresponds to the primary oligonucleotide or the derived oligonucleotide.
 As referred to herein "capable of binding" or "binding" refers to the ability to hybridize under conditions described hereinafter.
 Alternatively expressed, functionally equivalent oligonucleotides (or complementary sequences) have sequence identity or will hybridize, as described hereinafter, to a region of the target molecule to which molecule a primary oligonucleotide or a derived oligonucleotide or a complementary oligonucleotide binds. Preferably, functionally equivalent oligonucleotides (or their complementary sequences) hybridize to one of the mRNA sequences which corresponds to a primary oligonucleotide or a derived oligonucleotide under the conditions described hereinafter or has sequence identity to a part of one of the mRNA sequences which corresponds to a primary oligonucleotide or a derived oligonucleotide. A "part" in this context refers to a stretch of at least 5, e.g. at least 10 or 20 bases, such as from 5 to 100, e.g. 10 to 50 or 15 to 30 bases.
 In a particularly preferred aspect, the functionally equivalent oligonucleotide binds to all or a part of the region of a target nucleic acid molecule (mRNA or cDNA) to which the primary oligonucleotide or derived oligonucleotide binds. A "target" nucleic acid molecule is the gene transcript or related product e.g. mRNA, or cDNA, or amplified product thereof. Said "region" of said target molecule to which said primary oligonucleotide or derived oligonucleotide binds is the stretch over which complementarity exists.
 At its largest this region is the whole length of the primary oligonucleotide or derived oligonucleotide, but may be shorter if the entire primary sequence or derived oligonucleotide is not complementary to a region of the target sequence.
 Preferably said part of said region of said target molecule is a stretch of at least 5, e.g. at least 10 or 20 bases, such as from 5 to 100, e.g. 10 to 50 or 15 to 30 bases. This may for example be achieved by said functionally equivalent oligonucleotide having several identical bases to the bases of the primary oligonucleotide or the derived oligonucleotide. These bases may be identical over consecutive stretches, e.g. in a part of the functionally equivalent oligonucleotide, or may be present non-consecutively, but provide sufficient complementarity to allow binding to the target sequence.
 Thus in a preferred feature, said functionally equivalent oligonucleotide hybridizes under conditions of high stringency to a primary oligonucleotide or a derived oligonucleotide or the complementary sequence thereof. Alternatively expressed, said functionally equivalent oligonucleotide exhibits high sequence identity to all or part of a primary oligonucleotide. Preferably said functionally equivalent oligonucleotide has at least 70% sequence identity, preferably at least 80%, e.g. at least 90, 95, 98 or 99%, to all of a primary oligonucleotide or a part thereof. As used in this context, a "part" refers to a stretch of at least 5, e.g. at least 10 or 20 bases, such as from 5 to 100, e.g. 10 to 50 or 15 to 30 bases, in said primary oligonucleotide. Especially preferably when sequence identity to only a part of said primary oligonucleotide is present, the sequence identity is high, e.g. at least 80% as described above.
 Functionally equivalent oligonucleotides which satisfy the above stated functional requirements include those which are derived from the primary oligonucleotides and also those which have been modified by single or multiple nucleotide base (or equivalent) substitution, addition and/or deletion, but which nonetheless retain functional activity, e.g. bind to the same target molecule as the primary oligonucleotide or the derived oligonucleotide from which they are further derived or modified. Preferably said modification is of from 1 to 50, e.g. from 10 to 30, preferably from 1 to 5 bases. Especially preferably only minor modifications are present, e.g. variations in less than 10 bases, e.g. less than 5 base changes.
 Within the meaning of "addition" equivalents are included oligonucleotides containing additional sequences which are complementary to the consecutive stretch of bases on the target molecule to which the primary oligonucleotide or the derived oligonucleotide binds. Alternatively the addition may comprise a different, unrelated sequence, which may for example confer a further property, e.g. to provide a means for immobilization such as a linker to bind the oligonucleotide probe to a solid support.
 Particularly preferred are naturally occurring equivalents such as biological variants, e.g. allelic, geographical or allotypic variants, e.g. oligonucleotides which correspond to a genetic variant, for example as present in a different species.
 Functional equivalents include oligonucleotides with modified bases, e.g. using non-naturally occurring bases. Such derivatives may be prepared during synthesis or by post production modification.
 "Hybridizing" sequences which bind under conditions of low stringency are those which bind under non-stringent conditions (for example, 6×SSC/50% formamide at room temperature) and remain bound when washed under conditions of low stringency (2×SSC, room temperature, more preferably 2×SSC, 42° C.). Hybridizing under high stringency refers to the above conditions in which washing is performed at 2×SSC, 65° C. (where SSC=0.15M NaCl, 0.015M sodium citrate, pH 7.2).
 "Sequence identity" as referred to herein refers to the value obtained when assessed using ClustalW (Thompson et al., 1994, Nucl. Acids Res., 22, p4673-4680) with the following parameters:
Pairwise alignment parameters--Method: accurate, Matrix: IUB, Gap open penalty: 15.00, Gap extension penalty: 6.66; Multiple alignment parameters--Matrix: IUB, Gap open penalty: 15.00, % identity for delay: 30, Negative matrix: no, Gap extension penalty: 6.66, DNA transitions weighting: 0.5.
 Sequence identity at a particular base is intended to include identical bases which have simply been derivatized.
 The invention also extends to polypeptides encoded by the mRNA sequence to which a Table 2, 3 or 4 oligonucleotide or a Table 2, 3 or 4 derived oligonucleotide (e.g. having a sequence as defined in Table 2, 5 or 6 or a complementary sequence thereto) binds. The invention further extends to antibodies which bind to any of said polypeptides.
 As described above, conveniently said set of oligonucleotide probes may be immobilized on one or more solid supports. Single or preferably multiple copies of each unique probe are attached to said solid supports, e.g. 10 or more, e.g. at least 100 copies of each unique probe are present.
 One or more unique oligonucleotide probes may be associated with separate solid supports which together form a set of probes immobilized on multiple solid support, e.g. one or more unique probes may be immobilized on multiple beads, membranes, filters, biochips etc. which together form a set of probes, which together form modules of the kit described hereinafter. The solid support of the different modules are conveniently physically associated although the signals associated with each probe (generated as described hereinafter) must be separately determinable. Alternatively, the probes may be immobilized on discrete portions of the same solid support, e.g. each unique oligonucleotide probe, e.g. in multiple copies, may be immobilized to a distinct and discrete portion or region of a single filter or membrane, e.g. to generate an array.
 A combination of such techniques may also be used, e.g. several solid supports may be used which each immobilize several unique probes.
 The expression "solid support" shall mean any solid material able to bind oligonucleotides by hydrophobic, ionic or covalent bridges.
 "Immobilization" as used herein refers to reversible or irreversible association of the probes to said solid support by virtue of such binding. If reversible, the probes remain associated with the solid support for a time sufficient for methods of the invention to be carried out.
 Numerous solid supports suitable as immobilizing moieties according to the invention, are well known in the art and widely described in the literature and generally speaking, the solid support may be any of the well-known supports or matrices which are currently widely used or proposed for immobilization, separation etc. in chemical or biochemical procedures. Such materials include, but are not limited to, any synthetic organic polymer such as polystyrene, polyvinylchloride, polyethylene; or nitrocellulose and cellulose acetate; or tosyl activated surfaces; or glass or nylon or any surface carrying a group suited for covalent coupling of nucleic acids. The immobilizing moieties may take the form of particles, sheets, gels, filters, membranes, microfibre strips, tubes or plates, fibres or capillaries, made for example of a polymeric material e.g. agarose, cellulose, alginate, teflon, latex or polystyrene or magnetic beads. Solid supports allowing the presentation of an array, preferably in a single dimension are preferred, e.g. sheets, filters, membranes, plates or biochips.
 Attachment of the nucleic acid molecules to the solid support may be performed directly or indirectly. For example if a filter is used, attachment may be performed by UV-induced crosslinking. Alternatively, attachment may be performed indirectly by the use of an attachment moiety carried on the oligonucleotide probes and/or solid support. Thus for example, a pair of affinity binding partners may be used, such as avidin, streptavidin or biotin, DNA or DNA binding protein (e.g. either the lac I repressor protein or the lac operator sequence to which it binds), antibodies (which may be mono- or polyclonal), antibody fragments or the epitopes or haptens of antibodies. In these cases, one partner of the binding pair is attached to (or is inherently part of) the solid support and the other partner is attached to (or is inherently part of) the nucleic acid molecules.
 As used herein an "affinity binding pair" refers to two components which recognize and bind to one another specifically (ie. in preference to binding to other molecules). Such binding pairs when bound together form a complex.
 Attachment of appropriate functional groups to the solid support may be performed by methods well known in the art, which include for example, attachment through hydroxyl, carboxyl, aldehyde or amino groups which may be provided by treating the solid support to provide suitable surface coatings. Solid supports presenting appropriate moieties for attachment of the binding partner may be produced by routine methods known in the art.
 Attachment of appropriate functional groups to the oligonucleotide probes of the invention may be performed by ligation or introduced during synthesis or amplification, for example using primers carrying an appropriate moiety, such as biotin or a particular sequence for capture.
 Conveniently, the set of probes described hereinbefore is provided in kit form.
 Thus viewed from a further aspect the present invention provides a kit comprising a set of oligonucleotide probes as described hereinbefore immobilized on one or more solid supports.
 Preferably, said probes are immobilized on a single solid support and each unique probe is attached to a different region of said solid support. However, when attached to multiple solid supports, said multiple solid supports form the modules which make up the kit. Especially preferably said solid support is a sheet, filter, membrane, plate or biochip.
 Optionally the kit may also contain information relating to the signals generated by normal or diseased samples (as discussed in more detail hereinafter in relation to the use of the kits), standardizing materials, e.g. mRNA or cDNA from normal and/or diseased samples for comparative purposes, labels for incorporation into cDNA, adapters for introducing nucleic acid sequences for amplification purposes, primers for amplification and/or appropriate enzymes, buffers and solutions. Optionally said kit may also contain a package insert describing how the method of the invention should be performed, optionally providing standard graphs, data or software for interpretation of results obtained when performing the invention.
 The use of such kits to prepare a standard diagnostic gene transcript pattern as described hereinafter forms a further aspect of the invention.
 The set of probes as described herein have various uses. Principally however they are used to assess the gene expression state of a test cell to provide information relating to the organism from which said cell is derived. Thus the probes are useful in diagnosing, identifying or monitoring a cancer or stage thereof in an organism.
 Thus in a further aspect the invention provides the use of a set of oligonucleotide probes or a kit as described hereinbefore to determine the gene expression pattern of a cell which pattern reflects the level of gene expression of genes to which said oligonucleotide probes bind, comprising at least the steps of:
 a) isolating mRNA from said cell, which may optionally be reverse transcribed to cDNA;
 b) hybridizing the mRNA or cDNA of step (a) to a set of igonucleotide probes or a kit as defined herein; and
 c) assessing the amount of mRNA or cDNA hybridizing to each of said probes to produce said pattern.
 The mRNA and cDNA as referred to in this method, and the methods hereinafter, encompass derivatives or copies of said molecules, e.g. copies of such molecules such as those produced by amplification or the preparation of complementary strands, but which retain the identity of the mRNA sequence, ie. would hybridize to the direct transcript (or its complementary sequence) by virtue of precise complementarity, or sequence identity, over at least a region of said molecule. It will be appreciated that complementarity will not exist over the entire region where techniques have been used which may truncate the transcript or introduce new sequences, e.g. by primer amplification. For convenience, said mRNA or cDNA is preferably amplified prior to step b). As with the oligonucleotides described herein said molecules may be modified, e.g. by using non-natural bases during synthesis providing complementarity remains. Such molecules may also carry additional moieties such as signalling or immobilizing means.
 The various steps involved in the method of preparing such a pattern are described in more detail hereinafter.
 As used herein "gene expression" refers to transcription of a particular gene to produce a specific mRNA product (ie. a particular splicing product). The level of gene expression may be determined by assessing the level of transcribed mRNA molecules or cDNA molecules reverse transcribed from the mRNA molecules or products derived from those molecules, e.g. by amplification.
 The "pattern" created by this technique refers to information which, for example, may be represented in tabular or graphical form and conveys information about the signal associated with two or more oligonucleotides. Preferably said pattern is expressed as an array of numbers relating to the expression level associated with each probe.
 Preferably, said pattern is established using the following linear model:
y=Xb+f Equation 1
wherein, X is the matrix of gene expression data and y is the response variable, b is the regression coefficient vector and f the estimated residual vector. Although many different methods can be used to establish the relationship provided in equation 1, especially preferably the partial Least Squares Regression (PLSR) method is used for establishing the relationship in equation 1.
 The probes are thus used to generate a pattern which reflects the gene expression of a cell at the time of its isolation. The pattern of expression is characteristic of the circumstances under which that cells finds itself and depends on the influences to which the cell has been exposed. Thus, a characteristic gene transcript pattern standard or fingerprint (standard probe pattern) for cells from an individual with a particular cancer may be prepared and used for comparison to transcript patterns of test cells. This has clear applications in diagnosing, monitoring or identifying whether an organism is suffering from a particular cancer or stage thereof.
 The standard pattern is prepared by determining the extent of binding of total mRNA (or cDNA or related product), from cells from a sample of one or more organisms with the cancer or stage thereof, to the probes. This reflects the level of transcripts which are present which correspond to each unique probe. The amount of nucleic acid material which binds to the different probes is assessed and this information together forms the gene transcript pattern standard of that cancer or stage thereof. Each such standard pattern is characteristic of the cancer or stage thereof.
 In a further aspect therefore, the present invention provides a method of preparing a standard gene transcript pattern characteristic of a cancer or stage thereof in an organism comprising at least the steps of:
 a) isolating mRNA from the cells of a sample of one or more organisms having the cancer or stage thereof, which may optionally be reverse transcribed to cDNA;
 b) hybridizing the mRNA or cDNA of step (a) to a set of oligonucleotides or a kit as described hereinbefore specific for said cancer or stage thereof in an organism and sample thereof corresponding to the organism and sample thereof under investigation; and c) assessing the amount of mRNA or cDNA hybridizing to each of said probes to produce a characteristic pattern reflecting the level of gene expression of genes to which said oligonucleotides bind, in the sample with the cancer or stage thereof.
 For convenience, said oligonucleotides are preferably immobilized on one or more solid supports.
 The standard pattern for a great number of cancers and different stages thereof using particular probes may be accumulated in databases and be made available to laboratories on request.
 "Disease" samples and organisms or "cancer" samples and organisms as referred to herein refer to organisms (or samples from the same) with abnormal cell proliferation e.g. in a solid mass such as a tumour. Such organisms are known to have, or which exhibit, the cancer or stage thereof under study.
 "Stages" thereof refer to different stages of the cancer which may or may not exhibit particular physiological or metabolic changes, but do exhibit changes at the genetic level which may be detected as altered gene expression. It will be appreciated that during the course of a cancer the expression of different transcripts may vary. Thus at different stages, altered expression may not be exhibited for particular transcripts compared to "normal" samples. However, combining information from several transcripts which exhibit altered expression at one or more stages through the course of the cancer can be used to provide a characteristic pattern which is indicative of a particular stage of the cancer. Thus for example different stages in cancer, e.g. pre-stage I, stage I, stage II, II or IV can be identified.
 "Normal" as used herein refers to organisms or samples which are used for comparative purposes. Preferably, these are "normal" in the sense that they do not exhibit any indication of, or are not believed to have, any disease or condition that would affect gene expression, particularly in respect of cancer for which they are to be used as the normal standard. However, it will be appreciated that different stages of a cancer may be compared and in such cases, the "normal" sample may correspond to the earlier stage of the cancer.
 As used herein a "sample" refers to any material obtained from the organism, e.g. human or non-human animal under investigation which contains cells and includes, tissues, body fluid or body waste or in the case of prokaryotic organisms, the organism itself. "Body fluids" include blood, saliva, spinal fluid, semen, lymph. "Body waste" includes urine, expectorated matter (pulmonary patients), faeces etc. "Tissue samples" include tissue obtained by biopsy, by surgical interventions or by other means e.g. placenta. Preferably however, the samples which are examined are from areas of the body not apparently affected by the cancer. The cells in such samples are not disease cells, i.e. cancer cells, have not been in contact with such disease cells and do not originate from the site of the cancer. The "site of disease" is considered to be that area of the body which manifests the disease in a way which may be objectively determined, e.g. a tumour. Thus for example peripheral blood may be used for the diagnosis of non-haematopoietic cancers, and the blood does not require the presence of malignant or disseminated cells from the cancer in the blood. Similarly in diseases of the brain, in which no diseased cells are found in the blood due to the blood:brain barrier, peripheral blood may still be used in the methods of the invention.
 It will however be appreciated that the method of preparing the standard transcription pattern and other methods of the invention are also applicable for use on living parts of eukaryotic organisms such as cell lines and organ cultures and explants.
 As used herein, reference to "corresponding" sample etc. refers to cells preferably from the same tissue, body fluid or body waste, but also includes cells from tissue, body fluid or body waste which are sufficiently similar for the purposes of preparing the standard or test pattern. When used in reference to genes "corresponding" to the probes, this refers to genes which are related by sequence (which may be complementary) to the probes although the probes may reflect different splicing products of expression.
 "Assessing" as used herein refers to both quantitative and qualitative assessment which may be determined in absolute or relative terms.
 The invention may be put into practice as follows.
 To prepare a standard transcript pattern for a particular cancer or stage thereof, sample mRNA is extracted from the cells of tissues, body fluid or body waste according to known techniques (see for example Sambrook et. al. (1989), Molecular Cloning: A laboratory manual, 2nd Ed., Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, Cold Spring Harbor, N.Y.) from a diseased individual or organism.
 Owing to the difficulties in working with RNA, the RNA is preferably reverse transcribed at this stage to form first strand cDNA. Cloning of the cDNA or selection from, or using, a cDNA library is not however necessary in this or other methods of the invention. Preferably, the complementary strands of the first strand cDNAs are synthesized, ie. second strand cDNAs, but this will depend on which relative strands are present in the oligonucleotide probes. The RNA may however alternatively be used directly without reverse transcription and may be labelled if so required.
 Preferably the cDNA strands are amplified by known amplification techniques such as the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) by the use of appropriate primers. Alternatively, the cDNA strands may be cloned with a vector, used to transform a bacteria such as E. coli which may then be grown to multiply the nucleic acid molecules. When the sequence of the cDNAs are not known, primers may be directed to regions of the nucleic acid molecules which have been introduced. Thus for example, adapters may be ligated to the cDNA molecules and primers directed to these portions for amplification of the cDNA molecules. Alternatively, in the case of eukaryotic samples, advantage may be taken of the polyA tail and cap of the RNA to prepare appropriate primers.
 To produce the standard diagnostic gene transcript pattern or fingerprint for a particular cancer or stage thereof, the above described oligonucleotide probes are used to probe mRNA or cDNA of the diseased sample to produce a signal for hybridization to each particular oligonucleotide probe species, ie. each unique probe. A standard control gene transcript pattern may also be prepared i f desired using mRNA or cDNA from a normal sample. Thus, mRNA or cDNA is brought into contact with the oligonucleotide probe under appropriate conditions to allow hybridization.
 When multiple samples are probed, this may be performed consecutively using the same probes, e.g. on one or more solid supports, ie. on probe kit modules, or by simultaneously hybridizing to corresponding probes, e.g. the modules of a corresponding probe kit.
 To identify when hybridization occurs and obtain an indication of the number of transcripts/cDNA molecules which become bound to the oligonucleotide probes, it is necessary to identify a signal produced when the transcripts (or related molecules) hybridize (e.g. by detection of double stranded nucleic acid molecules or detection of the number of molecules which become bound, after removing unbound molecules, e.g. by washing).
 In order to achieve a signal, either or both components which hybridize (ie. the probe and the transcript) carry or form a signalling means or a part thereof. This "signalling means" is any moiety capable of direct or indirect detection by the generation or presence of a signal. The signal may be any detectable physical characteristic such as conferred by radiation emission, scattering or absorption properties, magnetic properties, or other physical properties such as charge, size or binding properties of existing molecules (e.g. labels) or molecules which may be generated (e.g. gas emission etc.). Techniques are preferred which allow signal amplification, e.g., which produce multiple signal events from a single active binding site, e.g. by the catalytic action of enzymes to produce multiple detectable products.
 Conveniently the signalling means may be a label which itself provides a detectable signal. Conveniently this may be achieved by the use of a radioactive or other label which may be incorporated during cDNA production, the preparation of complementary cDNA strands, during amplification of the target mRNA/cDNA or added directly to target nucleic acid molecules.
 Appropriate labels are those which directly or indirectly allow detection or measurement of the presence of the transcripts/cDNA. Such labels include for example radiolabels, chemical labels, for example chromophores or fluorophores (e.g. dyes such as fluorescein and rhodamine), or reagents of high electron density such as ferritin, haemocyanin or colloidal gold. Alternatively, the label may be an enzyme, for example peroxidase or alkaline phosphatase, wherein the presence of the enzyme is visualized by its interaction with a suitable entity, for example a substrate. The label may also form part of a signalling pair wherein the other member of the pair is found on, or in close proximity to, the oligonucleotide probe to which the transcript/cDNA binds, for example, a fluorescent compound and a quench fluorescent substrate may be used. A label may also be provided on a different entity, such as an antibody, which recognizes a peptide moiety attached to the transcripts/cDNA, for example attached to a base used during synthesis or amplification.
 A signal may be achieved by the introduction of a label before, during or after the hybridization step. Alternatively, the presence of hybridizing transcripts may be identified by other physical properties, such as their absorbance, and in which case the signalling means is the complex itself.
 The amount of signal associated with each oligonucleotide probe is then assessed. The assessment may be quantitative or qualitative and may be based on binding of a single transcript species (or related cDNA or other products) to each probe, or binding of multiple transcript species to multiple copies of each unique probe. It will be appreciated that quantitative results will provide further information for the transcript fingerprint of the cancer which is compiled. This data may be expressed as absolute values (in the case of macroarrays) or may be determined relative to a particular standard or reference e.g. a normal control sample.
 Furthermore it will be appreciated that the standard diagnostic gene pattern transcript may be prepared using one or more disease samples (and normal samples if used) to perform the hybridization step to obtain patterns not biased towards a particular individual's variations in gene expression.
 The use of the probes to prepare standard patterns and the standard diagnostic gene transcript patterns thus produced for the purpose of identification or diagnosis or monitoring of a particular cancer or stage thereof in a particular organism forms a further aspect of the invention.
 Once a standard diagnostic fingerprint or pattern has been determined for a particular cancer or stage thereof using the selected oligonucleotide probes, this information can be used to identify the presence, absence or extent or stage of that cancer in a different test organism or individual.
 To examine the gene expression pattern of a test sample, a test sample of tissue, body fluid or body waste containing cells, corresponding to the sample used for the preparation of the standard pattern, is obtained from a patient or the organism to be studied. A test gene transcript pattern is then prepared as described hereinbefore as for the standard pattern.
 In a further aspect therefore, the present invention provides a method of preparing a test gene transcript pattern comprising at least the steps of:
 a) isolating mRNA from the cells of a sample of said test organism, which may optionally be reverse transcribed to cDNA;
 b) hybridizing the mRNA or cDNA of step (a) to a set of oligonucleotides or a kit as described hereinbefore specific for a cancer or stage thereof in an organism and sample thereof corresponding to the organism and sample thereof under investigation; and
 c) assessing the amount of mRNA or cDNA hybridizing to each of said probes to produce said pattern reflecting the level of gene expression of genes to which said oligonucleotides bind, in said test sample.
 This test pattern may then be compared to one or more standard patterns to assess whether the sample contains cells having the cancer or stage thereof.
 Thus viewed from a further aspect the present invention provides a method of diagnosing or identifying or monitoring a cancer or stage thereof in an organism, comprising the steps of:
 a) isolating mRNA from the cells of a sample of said organism, which may optionally be reverse transcribed to cDNA;
 b) hybridizing the mRNA or cDNA of step (a) to a set of oligonucleotides or a kit as described hereinbefore specific for said cancer or stage thereof in an organism and sample thereof corresponding to the organism and sample thereof under investigation;
 c) assessing the amount of mRNA or cDNA hybridizing to each of said probes to produce a characteristic pattern reflecting the level of gene expression of genes to which said oligonucleotides bind, in said sample; and
 d) comparing said pattern to a standard diagnostic pattern prepared according to the method of the invention using a sample from an organism corresponding to the organism and sample under investigation to determine the presence of said cancer or a stage thereof in the organism under investigation.
 The method up to and including step c) is the preparation of a test pattern as described above.
 As referred to herein, "diagnosis" refers to determination of the presence or existence of a cancer or stage thereof in an organism. "Monitoring" refers to establishing the extent of a cancer, particularly when an individual is known to be suffering from cancer, for example to monitor the effects of treatment or the development of a cancer, e.g. to determine the suitability of a treatment or provide a prognosis.
 The presence of the cancer or stage thereof may be determined by determining the degree of correlation between the standard and test samples' patterns. This necessarily takes into account the range of values which are obtained for normal and diseased samples. Although this can be established by obtaining standard deviations for several representative samples binding to the probes to develop the standard, it will be appreciated that single samples may be sufficient to generate the standard pattern to identify a cancer if the test sample exhibits close enough correlation to that standard. Conveniently, the presence, absence, or extent of a cancer or stage thereof in a test sample can be predicted by inserting the data relating to the expression level of informative probes in test sample into the standard diagnostic probe pattern established according to equation 1.
 Data generated using the above mentioned methods may be analysed using various techniques from the most basic visual representation (e.g. relating to intensity) to more complex data manipulation to identify underlying patterns which reflect the interrelationship of the level of expression of each gene to which the various probes bind, which may be quantified and expressed mathematically. Conveniently, the raw data thus generated may be manipulated by the data processing and statistical methods described hereinafter, particularly normalizing and standardizing the data and fitting the data to a classification model to determine whether said test data reflects the pattern of a particular cancer or stage thereof.
 The methods described herein may be used to identify, monitor or diagnose a cancer or its stage or progression, for which the oligonucleotide probes are informative. "Informative" probes as described herein, are those which reflect genes which have altered expression in the cancer in question, or particular stages thereof. Probes of the invention may not be sufficiently informative for diagnostic purposes when used alone, but are informative when used as one of several probes to provide a characteristic pattern, e.g. in a set as described hereinbefore.
 Preferably said probes correspond to genes which are systemically affected by said cancer or stage thereof. Especially preferably said genes, from which transcripts are derived which bind to probes of the invention, are moderately or highly expressed. The advantage of using probes directed to moderately or highly expressed genes is that smaller clinical samples are required for generating the necessary gene expression data set, e.g. less than 1 ml blood samples.
 Furthermore, it has been found that such genes which are already being actively transcribed tend to be more prone to being influenced, in a positive or negative way, by new stimuli. In addition, since transcripts are already being produced at levels which are generally detectable, small changes in those levels are readily detectable as for example, a certain detectable threshold does not need to be reached.
 In preferred methods of the invention, the set of probes of the invention are informative for a variety of different cancers or stages thereof. A sub-set of the probes disclosed herein may be used for diagnosis, identification or monitoring a particular cancer or stage thereof.
 Cancers for which the probes may be used for diagnosis, identification and monitoring include stomach, lung, breast, prostate gland, bowel, skin, colon and ovary cancer. Especially preferably the probes are used for breast cancer analysis.
 The diagnostic method may be used alone as an alternative to other diagnostic techniques or in addition to such techniques. For example, methods of the invention may be used as an alternative or additive diagnostic measure to diagnosis using imaging techniques such as Magnetic Resonance Imagine (MRI), ultrasound imaging, nuclear imaging or X-ray imaging, for example in the identification and/or diagnosis of tumours.
 The methods of the invention may be performed on cells from prokaryotic or eukaryotic organisms which may be any eukaryotic organisms such as human beings, other mammals and animals, birds, insects, fish and plants, and any prokaryotic organism such as a bacteria.
 Preferred non-human animals on which the methods of the invention may be conducted include, but are not limited to mammals, particularly primates, domestic animals, livestock and laboratory animals. Thus preferred animals for diagnosis include mice, rats, guinea pigs, cats, dogs, pigs, cows, goats, sheep, horses. Particularly preferably cancer of humans is diagnosed, identified or monitored.
 As described above, the sample under study may be any convenient sample which may be obtained from an organism. Preferably however, as mentioned above, the sample is obtained from a site distant to the site of disease and the cells in such samples are not disease cells, have not been in contact with such cells and do not originate from the site of the disease. In such cases, although preferably absent, the sample may contain cells which do not fulfil these criteria. However, since the probes of the invention are concerned with transcripts whose expression is altered in cells which do satisfy these criteria, the probes are specifically directed to detecting changes in transcript levels in those cells even if in the presence of other, background cells.
 It has been found that the cells from such samples show significant and informative variations in the gene expression of a large number of genes. Thus, the same probe (or several probes) may be found to be informative in determinations regarding two or more cancers, or stages thereof by virtue of the particular level of transcripts binding to that probe or the interrelationship of the extent of binding to that probe relative to other probes. As a consequence, it is possible to use a relatively small number of probes for screening for multiple cancers. This has consequences with regard to the selection of probes, but also for the use of a single set of probes for more than one diagnosis.
 Thus, the present invention also provides sets of probes for diagnosing, identifying or monitoring two or more cancers or stages thereof, wherein at least one of said probes is suitable for said diagnosing, identifying or monitoring at least two of said cancers or stages thereof, and kits and methods of using the same. Preferably at least 5 probes, e.g. from 5 to 15 probes, are used in at least two diagnoses.
 Thus, in a further preferred aspect, the present invention provides a method of diagnosis or identification or monitoring as described hereinbefore for the diagnosis, identification or monitoring of two or more cancers or stages thereof in an organism, wherein said test pattern produced in step c) of the diagnostic method is compared in step d) to at least two standard diagnostic patterns prepared as described previously, wherein each standard diagnostic pattern is a pattern generated for a different cancer or stage thereof.
 Whilst in a preferred aspect the methods of assessment concern the development of a gene transcript pattern from a test sample and comparison of the same to a standard pattern, the elevation or depression of expression of certain markers may also be examined by examining the products of expression and the level of those products. Thus a standard pattern in relation to the expressed product may be generated.
 In such methods the levels of expression of a set of polypeptides encoded by the gene to which a primary oligonucleotide or a derived oligonucleotide, binds, are analysed.
 Various diagnostic methods may be used to assess the amount of polypeptides (or fragments thereof) which are present. The presence or concentration of polypeptides may be examined, for example by the use of a binding partner to said polypeptide (e.g. an antibody), which may be immobilized, to separate said polypeptide from the sample and the amount of polypeptide may then be determined.
 "Fragments" of the polypeptides refers to a domain or region of said polypeptide, e.g. an antigenic fragment, which is recognizable as being derived from said polypeptide to allow binding of a specific binding partner. Preferably such a fragment comprises a significant portion of said polypeptide and corresponds to a product of normal post-synthesis processing.
 Thus in a further aspect the present invention provides a method of preparing a standard gene transcript pattern characteristic of a cancer or stage thereof in an organism comprising at least the steps of
 a) releasing target polypeptides from a sample of one or more organisms having the cancer or stage thereof,
 b) contacting said target polypeptides with one or more binding partners, wherein each binding partner is specific to a marker polypeptide (or a fragment thereof) encoded by the gene to which a primary oligonucleotide (or derived sequence) binds, to allow binding of said binding partners to said target polypeptides, wherein said marker polypeptides are specific for said cancer in an organism and sample thereof corresponding to the organism and sample thereof under investigation; and
 c) assessing the target polypeptide binding to said binding partners to produce a characteristic pattern reflecting the level of gene expression of genes which express said marker polypeptides, in the sample with the cancer or stage thereof.
 As used herein "target polypeptides" refer to those polypeptides present in a sample which are to be detected and "marker polypeptides" are polypeptides which are encoded by the genes to which primary oligonucleotides or derived oligonucleotides bind, ie. genes within the gene families. The target and marker polypeptides are identical or at least have areas of high similarity, e.g. epitopic regions to allow recognition and binding of the binding partner.
 "Release" of the target polypeptides refers to appropriate treatment of a sample to provide the polypeptides in a form accessible for binding of the binding partners, e.g. by lysis of cells where these are present. The samples used in this case need not necessarily comprise cells as the target polypeptides may be released from cells into the surrounding tissue or fluid, and this tissue or fluid may be analysed, e.g. urine or blood. Preferably however the preferred samples as described herein are used. "Binding partners" comprise the separate entities which together make an affinity binding pair as described above, wherein one partner of the binding pair is the target or marker polypeptide and the other partner binds specifically to that polypeptide, e.g. an antibody.
 Various arrangements may be envisaged for detecting the amount of binding pairs which form. In its simplest form, a sandwich type assay e.g. an immunoassay such as an ELISA, may be used in which an antibody specific to the polypeptide and carrying a label (as described elsewhere herein) may be bound to the binding pair (e.g. the first antibody: polypeptide pair) and the amount of label detected.
 Other methods as described herein may be similarly modified for analysis of the protein product of expression rather than the gene transcript and related nucleic acid molecules.
 Thus a further aspect of the invention provides a method of preparing a test gene transcript pattern comprising at least the steps of
 a) releasing target polypeptides from a sample of said test organism;
 b) contacting said target polypeptides with one or more binding partners, wherein each binding partner is specific to a marker polypeptide (or a fragment thereof) encoded by the gene to which a primary oligonucleotide (or derived sequence) binds, to allow binding of said binding partners to said target polypeptides, wherein said marker polypeptides are specific for said cancer in an organism and sample thereof corresponding to the organism and sample thereof under investigation; and
 c) assessing the target polypeptide binding to said binding partners to produce a characteristic pattern reflecting the level of gene expression of genes which express said marker polypeptides, in said test sample.
 A yet further aspect of the invention provides a method of diagnosing or identifying or monitoring a cancer or stage thereof in an organism comprising the steps of:
 a) releasing target polypeptides from a sample of said organism;
 b) contacting said target polypeptides with one or more binding partners, wherein each binding partner is specific to a marker polypeptide (or a fragment thereof) encoded by the gene to which a primary oligonucleotide (or derived sequence) binds, to allow binding of said binding partners to said target polypeptides, wherein said marker polypeptides are specific for said cancer in an organism and sample thereof corresponding to the organism and sample thereof under investigation; and
 c) assessing the target polypeptide binding to said binding partners to produce a characteristic pattern reflecting the level of gene expression of genes which express said marker polypeptides in said sample; and
 d) comparing said pattern to a standard diagnostic pattern prepared as described hereinbefore using a sample from an organism corresponding to the organism and sample under investigation to determine the degree of correlation indicative of the presence of said cancer or a stage thereof in the organism unde r investigation.
 The methods of generating standard and test patterns and diagnostic techniques rely on the use of informative oligonucleotide probes to generate the gene expression data. In some cases it will be necessary to select these informative probes for a particular method, e.g. to diagnose a particular cancer, from a selection of available probes, e.g. the Table 2 and/or 3 oligonucleotides, the Table 2 and/or 3 derived oligonucleotides, their complementary sequences and functionally equivalent oligonucleotides and optionally the Table 4 oligonucleotides, their derived oligonucleotides, complementary sequences and functionally equivalent oligonucleotides. Said derived oligonucleotides include oligonucleotides derived from the genes corresponding to the sequences provided in those tables, e.g. the genes set forth in Tables 2, 5 or 6 (see the Accession numbers), or the complementary sequences thereof. The following methodology describes a convenient method for identifying such informative probes, or more particularly how to select a suitable sub-set of probes from the probes described herein.
 Probes for the analysis of a particular cancer or stage thereof, may be identified in a number of ways known in the prior art, including by differential expression or by library subtraction (see for example WO98/49342). As described in PCT/GB03/005102 and as described hereinafter, in view of the high information content of most transcripts, as a starting point one may also simply analyse a random sub-set of mRNA or cDNA species corresponding to the family of sequence described herein and pick the most informative probes from that sub-set. The following method describes the use of immobilized oligonucleotide probes (e.g. the probes of the invention) to which mRNA (or related molecules) from different samples are bound to identify which probes are the most informative to identify a particular type of cancer, e.g. a disease sample.
 The immobilized probes can be derived from various unrelated or related organisms; the only requirement is that the immobilized probes should bind specifically to their homologous counterparts in test organisms. Probes can also be derived from commercially available or public databases and immobilized on solid supports. The selected probes necessarily correspond to one of the genes in the gene sequence families described herein, but the probes of interest may be randomly selected from within that entire group of families.
 The length of the probes immobilised on the solid support should be long enough to allow for specific binding to the target sequences. The immobilised probes can be in the form of DNA, RNA or their modified products or PNAs (peptide nucleic acids). Preferably, the probes immobilised should bind specifically to their homologous counterparts representing highly and moderately expressed genes in test organisms. Conveniently the probes which are used are the probes described herein.
 The gene expression pattern of cells in biological samples can be generated using prior art techniques such as microarray or macroarray as described below or using methods described herein. Several technologies have now been developed for monitoring the expression level of a large number of genes simultaneously in biological samples, such as, high-density oligoarrays (Lockhart et al., 1996, Nat. Biotech., 14, p1675-1680), cDNA microarrays (Schena et al, 1995, Science, 270, p467-470) and cDNA macroarrays (Maier B et al., 1994, Nucl. Acids Res., 22, p3423-3424; Bernard et al., 1996, Nucl. Acids Res., 24, p1435-1442).
 In high-density oligoarrays and cDNA microarrays, hundreds and thousands of probe oligonucleotides or cDNAs, are spotted onto glass slides or nylon membranes, or synthesized on biochips. The mRNA isolated from the test and reference samples are labelled by reverse transcription with a red or green fluorescent dye, mixed, and hybridised to the microarray. After washing, the bound fluorescent dyes are detected by a laser, producing two images, one for each dye. The resulting ratio of the red and green spots on the two images provides the information about the changes in expression levels of genes in the test and reference samples. Alternatively, single channel or multiple channel microarray studies can also be performed
 In cDNA macroarray, different cDNAs are spotted on a solid support such as nylon membranes in excess in relation to the amount of test mRNA that can hybridise to each spot. mRNA isolated from test samples is radio-labelled by reverse transcription and hybridised to the immobilised probe cDNA. After washing, the signals associated with labels hybridising specifically to immobilised probe cDNA are detected and quantified. The data obtained in macroarray contains information about the relative levels of transcripts present in the test samples. Whilst macroarrays are only suitable to monitor the expression of a limited number of genes, microarrays can be used to monitor the expression of several thousand genes simultaneously and is, therefore, a preferred choice for large-scale gene expression studies.
 A macroarray technique for generating the gene expression data set has been used to illustrate the probe identification method described herein. For this purpose, mRNA is isolated from samples of interest and used to prepare labelled target molecules, e.g. mRNA or cDNA as described above. The labelled target molecules are then hybridised to probes immobilised on the solid support. Various solid supports can be used for the purpose, as described previously. Following hybridization, unbound target molecules are removed and signals from target molecules hybridizing to immobilised probes quantified. If radio labelling is performed, PhosphoImager can be used to generate an image file that can be used to generate a raw data set. Depending on the nature of label chosen for labelling the target molecules, other instruments can also be used, for example, when fluorescence is used for labelling, a FluoroImager can be used to generate an image file from the hybridised target molecules.
 The raw data corresponding to mean intensity, median intensity, or volume of the signals in each spot can be acquired from the image file using commercially available software for image analysis. However, the acquired data needs to be corrected for background signals and normalized prior to analysis, since, several factors can affect the quality and quantity of the hybridising signals. For example, variations in the quality and quantity of mRNA isolated from sample to sample, subtle variations in the efficiency of labelling target molecules during each reaction, and variations in the amount of unspecific binding between different macroarrays can all contribute to noise in the acquired data set that must be corrected for prior to analysis.
 Background correction can be performed in several ways. The lowest pixel intensity within a spot can be used for background subtraction or the mean or median of the line of pixels around the spots' outline can be used for the purpose. One can also define an area representing the background intensity based on the signals generated from negative controls and use the average intensity of this area for background subtraction.
 The background corrected data can then be transformed for stabilizing the variance in the data structure and normalized for the differences in probe intensity. Several transformation techniques have been described in the literature and a brief overview can be found in Cui, Kerr and Churchill http://www.jax.org/research/churchill/research/expression/Cui-Transform.p- df). Normalization can be performed by dividing the intensity of each spot with the collective intensity, average intensity or median intensity of all the spots in a macroarray or a group of spots in a macroarray in order to obtain the relative intensity of signals hybridising to immobilised probes in a macroarray. Several methods have been described for normalizing gene expression data (Richmond and Somerville, 2000, Current Opin. Plant Biol., 3, p108-116; Finkelstein et al., 2001, In "Methods of Microarray Data Analysis. Papers from CAMDA, Eds. Lin & Johnsom, Kluwer Academic, p57-68; Yang et al., 2001, In "Optical Technologies and Informatics", Eds. Bittner, Chen, Dorsel & Dougherty, Proceedings of SPIE, 4266, p141-152; Dudoit et al, 2000, J. Am. Stat. Ass., 97, p77-87; Alter et al 2000, supra; Newton et al., 2001, J. Comp. Biol., 8, p37-52). Generally, a scaling factor or function is first calculated to correct the intensity effect and then used for normalising the intensities. The use of external controls has also been suggested for improved normalization.
 One other major challenge encountered in large-scale gene expression analysis is that of standardization of data collected from experiments performed at different times. We have observed that gene expression data for samples acquired in the same experiment can be efficiently compared following background correction and normalization. However, the data from samples acquired in experiments performed at different times requires further standardization prior to analysis. This is because subtle differences in experimental parameters between different experiments, for example, differences in the quality and quantity of mRNA extracted at different times, differences in time used for target molecule labelling, hybridization time or exposure time, can affect the measured values. Also, factors such as the nature of the sequence of transcripts under investigation (their GC content) and their amount in relation to the each other determines how they are affected by subtle variations in the experimental processes. They determine, for example, how efficiently first strand cDNAs, corresponding to a particular transcript, are transcribed and labelled during first strand synthesis, or how efficiently the corresponding labelled target molecules bind to their complementary sequences during hybridization. Batch to batch difference in the printing process is also a major factor for variation in the generated expression data.
 Failure to properly address and rectify for these influences leads to situations where the differences between the experimental series may overshadow the main information of interest contained in the gene expression data set, i.e. the differences within the combined data from the different experimental series. Hence, when required the expression data should be batch-adjusted prior to data analysis.
 Monitoring the expression of a large number of genes in several samples leads to the generation of a large amount of data that is too complex to be easily interpreted. Several unsupervised and supervised multivariate data analysis techniques have already been shown to be useful in extracting meaningful biological information from these large data sets. Cluster analysis is by far the most commonly used technique for gene expression analysis, and has been performed to identify genes that are regulated in a similar manner, and or identifying new/unknown tumour classes using gene expression profiles (Eisen et al., 1998, PNAS, 95, p14863-14868, Alizadeh et al. 2000, supra, Perou et al. 2000, Nature, 406, p747-752; Ross et al, 2000, Nature Genetics, 24(3), p227-235; Herwig et al., 1999, Genome Res., 9, p1093-1105; Tamayo et al, 1999, Science, PNAS, 96, p2907-2912).
 In the clustering method, genes are grouped into functional categories (clusters) based on their expression profile, satisfying two criteria: homogeneity--the genes in the same cluster are highly similar in expression to each other, and separation--genes in different clusters have low similarity in expression to each other.
 Examples of various clustering techniques that have been used for gene expression analysis include hierarchical clustering (Eisen et al., 1998, supra; Alizadeh et al. 2000, supra; Perou et al. 2000, supra; Ross et al, 2000, supra), K-means clustering (Herwig et al., 1999, supra; Tavazoie et al, 1999, Nature Genetics, 22(3), p. 281-285), gene shaving (Hastie et al., 2000, Genome Biology, 1(2), research 0003.1-0003.21), block clustering (Tibshirani et al., 1999, Tech report Univ Stanford.) Plaid model (Lazzeroni, 2002, Stat. Sinica, 12, p61-86), and self-organizing maps (Tamayo et al. 1999, supra). Also, related methods of multivariate statistical analysis, such as those using the singular value decomposition (Alter et al., 2000, PNAS, 97(18), p10101-10106; Ross et al. 2000, supra) or multidimensional scaling can be effective at reducing the dimensions of the objects under study.
 However, methods such as cluster analysis and singular value decomposition are purely exploratory and only provide a broad overview of the internal structure present in the data. They are unsupervised approaches in which the available information concerning the nature of the class under investigation is not used in the analysis. Often, the nature of the biological perturbation to which a particular sample has been subjected is known. For example, it is sometimes known whether the sample whose gene expression pattern is being analysed derives from a diseased or healthy individual. In such instances, discriminant analysis can be used for classifying samples into various groups based on their gene expression data.
 In such an analysis one builds the classifier by training the data that is capable of discriminating between member and non-members of a given class. The trained classifier can then be used to predict the class of unknown samples. Examples of discrimination methods that have been described in the literature include Support Vector Machines (Brown et al, 2000, PNAS, 97, p262-267), Nearest Neighbour (Dudoit et al., 2000, supra), Classification trees (Dudoit et al., 2000, supra), Voted classification (Dudoit et al., 2000, supra), Weighted Gene voting (Golub et al. 1999, supra), and Bayesian classification (Keller et al. 2000, Tec report Univ of Washington). Also a technique in which PLS (Partial Least Square) regression analysis is first used to reduce the dimensions in the gene expression data set followed by classification using logistic discriminant analysis and quadratic discriminant analysis (LD and QDA) has recently been described (Nguyen & Rocke, 2002, Bioinformatics, 18, p39-50 and 1216-1226).
 A challenge that gene expression data poses to classical discriminatory methods is that the number of genes whose expression are being analysed is very large compared to the number of samples being analysed. However in most cases only a small fraction of these genes are informative in discriminant analysis problems. Moreover, there is a danger that the noise from irrelevant genes can mask or distort the information from the informative genes. Several methods have been suggested in literature to identify and select genes that are informative in microarray studies, for example, t-statistics (Dudoit et al, 2002, J. Am. Stat Ass., 97, p77-87), analysis of variance (Kerr et al., 2000, PNAS, 98, p8961-8965), Neighbourhood analysis (Golub et al, 1999, supra), Ratio of between groups to within groups sum of squares (Dudoit et al., 2002, supra), Non parametric scoring (Park et al., 2002, Pacific Symposium on Biocomputing, p52-63) and Likelihood selection (Keller et al., 2000, supra).
 In the methods described herein the gene expression data that has been normalized and standardized is analysed by using Partial Least Squares Regression (PLSR). Although PLSR is primarily a method used for regression analysis of continuous data (see Appendix A), it can also be utilized as a method for model building and discriminant analysis using a dummy response matrix based on a binary coding. The class assignment is based on a simple dichotomous distinction such as breast cancer (class 1)/healthy (class 2), or a multiple distinction based on multiple disease diagnosis such as breast cancer (class 1)/ovarian cancer (class 2)/healthy (class 3). The list of diseases for classification can be increased depending upon the samples available corresponding to other cancers or stages thereof.
 PLSR applied as a classification method is referred to as PLS-DA (DA standing for Discriminant analysis). PLS-DA is an extension of the PLSR algorithm in which the Y-matrix is a dummy matrix containing n rows (corresponding to the number of samples) and K columns (corresponding to the number of classes). The Y-matrix is constructed by inserting 1 in the kth column and -1 in all the other columns if the corresponding ith object of X belongs to class k. By regressing Y onto X, classification of a new sample is achieved by selecting the group corresponding to the largest component of the fitted, y(x)=(y1(x), y2(x), . . . yk(x)). Thus, in a -1/1 response matrix, a prediction value below 0 means that the sample belongs to the class designated as -1, while a prediction value above 0 implies that the sample belongs to the class designated as 1.
 An advantage of PLSR-DA is that the results obtained can be easily represented in the form of two different plots, the score and loading plots. Score plots represent a projection of the samples onto the principal components and shows the distribution of the samples in the classification model and their relationship to one another. Loading plots display correlations between the variables present in the data set.
 It is usually recommended to use PLS-DA as a starting point for the classification problem due to its ability to handle collinear data, and the property of PLSR as a dimension reduction technique. Once this purpose has been satisfied, it is possible to use other methods such as Linear discriminant analysis, LDA, that has been shown to be effective in extracting further information, Indahl et al. (1999, Chem. and Intell. Lab. Syst., 49, p19-31). This approach is based on first decomposing the data using PLS-DA, and then using the scores vectors (instead of the original variables) as input to LDA. Further details on LDA can be found in Duda and Hart (Classification and Scene Analysis, 1973, Wiley, USA).
 The next step following model building is of model validation. This step is considered to be amongst the most important aspects of multivariate analysis, and tests the "goodness" of the calibration model which has been built. In this work, a cross validation approach has been used for validation. In this approach, one or a few samples are kept out in each segment while the model is built using a full cross-validation on the basis of the remaining data. The samples left out are then used for prediction/classification. Repeating the simple cross-validation process several times holding different samples out for each cross-validation leads to a so-called double cross-validation procedure. This approach has been shown to work well with a limited amount of data, as is the case in some of the Examples described here. Also, since the cross validation step is repeated several times the dangers of model bias and overfitting are reduced.
 Once a calibration model has been built and validated, genes exhibiting an expression pattern that is most relevant for describing the desired information in the model can be selected by techniques described in the prior art for variable selection, as mentioned elsewhere. Variable selection will help in reducing the final model complexity, provide a parsimonious model, and thus lead to a reliable model that can be used for prediction. Moreover, use of fewer genes for the purpose of providing diagnosis will reduce the cost of the diagnostic product. In this way informative probes which would bind to the genes of relevance may be identified.
 We have found that after a calibration model has been built, statistical techniques like Jackknife (Effron, 1982, The Jackknife, the Bootstrap and other resampling plans. Society for Industrial and Applied mathematics, Philadelphia, USA), based on resampling methodology, can be efficiently used to select or confirm significant variables (informative probes). The approximate uncertainty variance of the PLS regression coefficients B can be estimated by:
S 2 B = m = 1 M ( ( B - B m ) g ) 2 ##EQU00001##
where S2B=estimated uncertainty variance of B; B=the regression coefficient at the cross validated rank A using all the N objects; Bm=the regression coefficient at the rank A using all objects except the object(s) left out in cross validation segment m; and g=scaling coefficient (here: g=1).
 In our approach, Jackknife has been implemented together with cross-validation. For each variable the difference between the B-coefficients Bi in a cross-validated sub-model and Btot for the total model is first calculated. The sum of the squares of the differences is then calculated in all sub-models to obtain an expression of the variance of the Bi estimate for a variable. The significance of the estimate of Bi is calculated using the t-test. Thus, the resulting regression coefficients can be presented with uncertainty limits that correspond to 2 Standard Deviations, and from that significant variables are detected.
 No further details as to the implementation or use of this step are provided here since this has been implemented in commercially available software, The Unscrambler, CAMO ASA, Norway. Also, details on variable selection using Jackknife can be found in Westad & Martens (2000, J. Near Inf., Spectr., 8, p117-124).
 The following approach can be used to select informative probes from a gene expression data set:
 a) keep out one unique sample (including its repetitions if present in the data set) per cross validation segment;
 b) build a calibration model (cross validated segment) on the remaining samples using PLSR-DA;
 c) select the significant genes for the model in step b) using the Jackknife criterion;
 d) repeat the above 3 steps until all the unique samples in the data set are kept out once (as described in step a). For example, if 75 unique samples are present in the data set, 75 different calibration models are built resulting in a collection of 75 different sets of significant probes;
 e) select the most significant variables using the frequency of occurrence criterion in the generated sets of significant probes in step d). For example, a set of probes appearing in all sets (100%) are more informative than probes appearing in only 50% of the generated sets in step d).
 Once the informative probes for a disease have been selected, a final model is made and validated. The two most commonly used ways of validating the model are cross-validation (CV) and test set validation. In cross-validation, the data is divided into k subsets. The model is then trained k times, each time leaving out one of the subsets from training, but using only the omitted subset to compute error criterion, RMSEP (Root Mean Square Error of Prediction). If k equals the sample size, this is called "leave-one-out" cross-validation. The idea of leaving one or a few samples out per validation segment is valid only in cases where the covariance between the various experiments is zero. Thus, one sample at-a-time approach can not be justified in situations containing replicates since keeping only one of the replicates out will introduce a systematic bias in our analysis. The correct approach in this case will be to leave out all replicates of the same samples at a time since that would satisfy assumptions of zero covariance between the CV-segments.
 The second approach for model validation is to use a separate test-set for validating the calibration model. This requires running a separate set of experiments to be used as a test set. This is the preferred approach given that real test data are available.
 The final model is then used to identify a cancer or stage thereof in test samples. For this purpose, expression data of selected informative genes is generated from test samples and then the final model is used to determine whether a sample belongs to a diseased or non-diseased class or has a cancer or stage thereof.
 Preferably a model for classification purposes is generated by using the data relating to the probes identified according to the above described method. Preferably the sample is as described previously. Preferably the oligonucleotides which are immobilized in step (a) are randomly selected from within the family described hereinbefore, but alternatively may be selected to represent the different families, e.g. by selecting one or more of the oligonucleotides corresponding to genes encoding proteins with common functions in different families. Especially preferably, said selection is made to encompass oligonucleotides derived from genes of family (i) and (ii). Such oligonucleotides may be of considerable length, e.g. if using cDNA (which is encompassed within the scope of the term "oligonucleotide"). The identification of such cDNA molecules as useful probes allows the development of shorter oligonucleotides which reflect the specificity of the cDNA molecules but are easier to manufacture and manipulate.
 The above described model may then be used to generate and analyse data of test samples and thus may be used for the diagnostic methods of the invention. In such methods the data generated from the test sample provides the gene expression data set and this is normalized and standardized as described above. This is then fitted to the calibration model described above to provide classification.
 The method described herein can also be used to simultaneously select informative probes for several cancers. Depending upon which cancers have been included in the calibration or training set, informative probes can be selected for the said cancers. The informative probes selected for one cancer may or may not be similar to the informative probes selected for another cancer of interest. It is the pattern with which the selected genes are expressed in relation to each other during a cancer or stage thereof, that determines whether or not they are informative for the cancer or stage thereof.
 In other words, informative genes are selected based on how their expression correlates with the expression of other selected informative genes under the influence of responses generated by the cancer or stage thereof under investigation.
 For the purpose of isolating informative probes or identifying several cancers and stages thereof simultaneously, the gene expression data set must contain the information on how genes are expressed when the subject has a particular cancer or stage thereof under investigation. The data set is generated from a set of healthy or diseased samples, where a particular sample may contain the information of only one cancer or stage thereof or may also contain information about multiple cancers or stages thereof. Hence, the method also teaches an efficient experimental design to reduce the number of samples required for isolating informative probes by selecting samples representing more than one cancer or stage thereof.
 As mentioned previously, in view of the high information content of most transcripts, the identification and selection of informative probes for use in diagnosing, monitoring or identifying a particular cancer or stage thereof may be dramatically simplified. Thus the pool of genes from which a selection may be made to identify informative probes may be radically reduced.
 Unlike, in prior art technologies where informative probes are selected from a population of thousands of genes that are being expressed in a cell, like in microarray, in the method described herein, the informative probes are selected from a limited number of genes as described in the gene sequence families described hereinbefore. From within these families, probes of interest may be randomly selected.
 Thus in a preferred aspect, said set of oligonucleotides are randomly selected from the primary oligonucleotides as described hereinbefore.
 As referred to herein "random" refers to selection which is not biased based on the extent of information carried by the transcripts in relation to the cancer or organism under study, ie. without bias towards their likely utility as informative probes. Whilst a random selection may be made from a pool of transcripts (or related products) which have been biased, e.g. to highly or moderately expressed transcripts, preferably random selection is made from a pool of transcripts not biased or selected by a sequence-based criterion. The larger set may therefore contain oligonucleotides corresponding to highly and moderately expressed genes, or alternatively, may be enriched for those corresponding to the highly and moderately expressed genes.
 Random selection from highly and moderately expressed genes can be achieved in a wide variety of ways. For example, by randomly picking a significant number of cDNA clones from a cDNA library constructed from a biological specimen under investigation containing clones corresponding to the gene sequence families described hereinbefore. Since, in a cDNA library, the cDNA clones corresponding to transcripts present in high or moderate amount are more frequently present than transcripts corresponding to cDNA present in low amount, the former will tend to be picked up more frequently than the latter. A pool of cDNA enriched for those corresponding to highly and moderately expressed genes can be isolated by this approach.
 To identify genes that are expressed in high or moderate amount among the isolated population for use in methods of the invention, the information about the relative level of their transcripts in samples of interest can be generated using several prior art techniques. Both non-sequence based methods, such as differential display or RNA fingerprinting, and sequence-based methods such as microarrays or macroarrays can be used for the purpose. Alternatively, specific primer sequences for highly and moderately expressed genes can be designed and methods such as quantitative RT-PCR can be used to determine the levels of highly and moderately expressed genes. Hence, a skilled practitioner may use a variety of techniques which are known in the art for determining the relative level of mRNA in a biological sample.
 Especially preferably the sample for the isolation of mRNA in the above described method is as described previously and is preferably not from the site of disease and the cells in said sample are not disease cells and have not contacted disease cells, for example the use of a peripheral blood sample for detection of non-haematopoietic cancer, e.g. breast cancer.
 The following examples are given by way of illustration only in which the Figures referred to are as follows:
 FIG. 1 shows the possible interplay of various factors responsible for changes in expression in an individual with breast cancer;
 FIG. 2 shows the projection of 102 normal (including benign) and breast cancer samples onto a classification model generated by PLSR-DA using the data of 35 informative genes, in which PC is the principal components and N and C are normal and breast cancer samples, respectively;
 FIG. 3 shows a prediction plot based on 3 principal components using the data of 35 cDNAs; and
 FIG. 4 shows the mean level of expression of the 35 genes used for prediction of breast cancer.
Diagnosis of Breast Cancer
 Blood samples were collected from donors with their informed consent under an approval from Regional Ethical Committee of Norway. All donors were treated anonymously during analysis. Blood was drawn from females with a suspect initial mammogram, which included both females with breast cancer and females with abnormal mammograms, prior to any knowledge of whether the abnormality observed during first screening was benign or malignant. In all cases, the blood samples were drawn between 8 a.m. and 4 p.m. From each female, 10 ml blood was drawn by skilled personnel either in vacutainer tubes containing EDTA as anticoagulant (Becton Dickinson, Baltimore, USA) or directly in PAXgene® tubes (PreAnalytiX, Hombrechtikon, Switzerland). Blood collected in EDTA tubes was immediately stored at 80° C., while PAX tubes were left overnight and then stored at -80° C. until used.
Preparation of cDNA arrays
 1435 cDNA clones were randomly picked from a plasmid library constructed from whole blood of 550 healthy individuals (Clontech, Palo Alto, USA). About 20% of the randomly picked clones were redundant. For amplification of inserts, bacterial clones were grown in microliter plates containing 150 μl LB with 50 μg/ml carbenicillin, and incubated overnight with agitation at 37° C. To lyse the cells, 5 μl of each culture were diluted with 50 μl H2O and incubated for 12 min. at 95° C. Of this mixture, 2 μl were subjected to a PCR reaction using 40 μpmol of 5'- and 3'-sequencing primer in the presence of 1.5 mM MgCl2. PCR reactions were performed with the following cycling protocol: 4 min at 95° C., followed by 25 cycles of 1 min. at 94° C., 1 min. at 60° C. and 3 min. at 72° C. either in a RoboCycler® Temperature Cycler (Stratagene, La Jolla, USA) or DNA Engine Dyad Peltier Thermal Cycler (MJ Research Inc., Waltham, USA). The amplified products were denatured with NaOH (0.2 M, final concentration) for 30 min and spotted onto Hybond-N.sup.+ membranes (Amersham Pharmacia Biotech, Little Chalfont, UK), using a MicroGrid II workstation according to the manufacturer's instructions (BioRobotics Ltd, Cambridge England). The immobilized cDNAs were fixed using a UV cross-linker (Hoefer Scientific Instruments, San Francisco, USA).
 In addition to the 1435 cDNAs, the printed arrays also contained controls for assessing background level, consistency and sensitivity of the assay. These were spotted at multiple positions and included controls such as PCR mix (without any insert); controls of SpotReport® 10 array validation system (Stratagene, La Jolla, USA) and cDNAs corresponding to constitutively expressed genes such as β-actin, γ-actin, GAPDH, HOD and cyclophilin.
RNA Extraction, Probe Synthesis and Hybridization
 Blood collected in EDTA tubes was thawed at 37° C. and transferred to PAX tubes, and total RNA was purified according to the supplier's instructions (PreAnalytiX, Hombrechtikon, Switzerland). From blood collected directly in PAX tubes total RNA was extracted in the tubes as above without any transfer to new tubes. Contaminating DNA was removed from the isolated RNA by DNAase I treatment using DNA-free kit (Ambion, Inc. Austin, USA). RNA quality was determined visually by inspecting the integrity of 285 and 18S ribosomal bands following agarose gel electrophoresis. Only samples from which good quality RNA was extracted were used in this study. In our experience, blood collected in EDTA tubes often resulted in poor quality RNA, while that collected in PAX tubes almost always gave good quality RNA. The concentration and purity of extracted RNA was determined by measuring the absorbance at 260 nm and 280 nm. From the total RNA, mRNA was isolated using Dynabeads according to the supplier's instructions (Dynal AS, Oslo, Norway).
 Labelling and hybridization experiments were performed in 16 batches. The number of samples assayed in each batch varied from six to nine. To minimize the noise due to batch-to-batch variation in printing, only the arrays manufactured during the same print run were used in each batch. When samples were assayed more than once (replicates), aliquots from the same mRNA pool were used for probe synthesis. For probe synthesis, aliquots of mRNA corresponding to 4-5 μg of total RNA were mixed together with oligodT25NV (0.5 μg/μl) and mRNA spikes of SpotReport® 10 array validation system (10 pg; Spike 2, 1 pg), heated to 70° C., and then chilled on ice. Probes were prepared in 35 μl reaction mixes by reverse transcription in the presence of 50 μCi [α33P] dATP, 3.5 μM dATP, 0.6 mM each of dCTP, dTTP, dGTP, 200 units of SuperScript reverse transcriptase (Invitrogen, LifeTechnologies) and 0.1M DTT labelling for 1.5 hr at 42° C. Following synthesis, the enzyme was deactivated for 10 min. at 70° C. and mRNA removed by incubating the reaction mix for 20 min. at 37° C. in 4 units of Ribo H (Promega, Madison USA). Unincorporated nucleotides were removed using ProbeQuant G 50 Columns (Amersham Biosciences, Piscataway, USA).
 The membranes were equilibrated in 4×SSC for 2 hr at room temperature and prehybridized overnight at 65° C. in 10 ml prehybridization solution (4×SSC, 0.1M NaH2PO4, 1 mM EDTA, 8% dextran sulphate, 10×Denhardt's solution, 1% SDS). Freshly prepared probes were added to 5 ml of the same prehybridization solution, and hybridization continued overnight at 65° C. The membranes were washed at 65° C. with increasing stringency (2×30 min. each in 2×SSC, 0.1% SDS; 1×SSC, 0.1% SDS; 0.1×SSC, 0.1% SDS).
Quantification of Hybridization Signals
 The hybridized membranes were exposed to Phosphoscreen (super resolution) for two days and an image file generated using Phospholmager (Cyclone, Packard, Meriden, USA). The identification and quantification of the hybridization signals, as well as subtraction of local background values was performed using Phoretix software (Non Linear Dynamics, UK). For background subtraction, the median of the line of pixels around each spot outline was subtracted from the intensity of the signals assessed in each spot.
 From the 1435 background-subtracted expression data, signals of 67 genes were removed from each membrane to exclude genes expressed with a high degree of variance. These included removal of 1.25% of the lowest and highest signals from each membrane. For normalization, the value of each spot was first divided by the mean of signals in each array followed by a cube root transformation of all the spots. The normalized data was then batch adjusted using a one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA).
 The pre-processed data was then used to isolate the informative probes by:
a) building a crossvalidated PLSR model, where one unique sample (including all repetitions of the selected sample) was kept out per cross-validation segment. b) selecting the set of significant genes for the model in step a) using the Jackknife criterion. c) building a crossvalidated PLSR-DA model as in step a) using the gene selected in step b). d) selecting again the set of most significant genes for the model in step c) using the Jackknife criterion. Step b) resulted in 125 genes. Step d) resulted in selection of 35 significant genes. Based on these genes a final classification model was constructed.
 The selected informative probes based on occurrence criterion were used to construct a classification model. The result of the classification model based on 35 probes is shown in FIG. 2 in which it is seen that the expression pattern of these genes was able to classify most women with breast cancer and women with no breast cancer into distinct groups. In this figure PC1 and PC2 indicate the two principal components statistically derived from the data which best define the systemic variability present in the data. This allows each sample, and the data from each of the informative probes to which the sample's labelled first strand cDNA was bound, to be represented on the classification model as a single point which is a projection of the sample onto the principal components--the score plot.
 FIG. 3 shows the prediction plot using the 35 significant genes. In the prediction plot shown, the cancer samples appear on the x axis at +1 and the non-cancer samples appear at -1. The y axis represents the predicted class membership. During prediction, if the prediction is correct, cancer samples should fall above zero and non-cancer samples should fall below zero. In each case almost all samples are correctly predicted. For cross-validation 102 experimental samples were divided into 60 cross-validation segments where each segment represented one unique sample and included its replicates if present.
 Correct prediction of most breast cancer cells was achieved. 19 out of 22 cancer patients were correctly predicted as were 34/35 normal patients. Full details of the individuals examined and the accuracy of prediction are shown in Table 1. Table 2 provides details of the 35 informative genes, the genes in public databases to which they show sequence similarity and their putative biological function. Their sequences follow these examples.
 FIG. 4 shows the expression level of the 35 genes and it will be seen that some are over-expressed and others under-expressed relative to expression in normal patients.
Identification of Further Informative Probes and Use in Diagnosis of Breast Cancer
 The methods of identification and analysis used were essentially as described in Example 1, except that instead of preparing a cDNA array, samples were analysed using a commercially available platform for large-scale gene expression analysis (Agilent 22K chip).
 A larger number of samples comprising 122 in total (78 control and 44 with breast cancer) were analysed. The data was analysed using PLSR as described previously. The genes of interest were selected by a 10-fold cross validation approach. Thus, the data from 122 samples was divided into 10 sets, each set containing 12-13 samples. A calibration model was built on 9 sets leaving out one set. Significant genes were identified by the Jackknife technique on the built-in model. These steps were repeated for all 10 sets, in which each set was kept out at least once. Informative genes were then identified based on the frequency of occurrence criterion. 109 genes were found to informative in all 10 calibration models.
 The above described 109 genes and 3 further genes were used to predict the classification of 122 of the samples used. The results are shown in the table below.
TABLE-US-00001 Correctly Incorrectly SAMPLE Number predicted predicted Error rate Control 78 67 11 0.14 Breast cancer 44 26 18 0.41
 The 109 informative genes may be divided into three categories, namely those falling into families (i) and (ii) as described herein and other genes. Table 3 provides details of the informative probes whose corresponding genes fall into families (i) and (ii) and provides the number assigned by Agilent to that probe. Table 4 similarly provides details of the informative probes whose corresponding genes do not appear to fall within families (i) and (ii). Tables 5 and 6 provide details of the genes to which the probes in Tables 3 and 4, respectively, show sequence similarity, their putative biological function where known and the accession numbers for those genes.
 Partial Least Squares regression (PLSR)
 Let a multivariate regression model be defined as:
where X a N×P matrix with N predictor variables (genes); Y (N×J) being the J predicted variables. In our case Y represents a matrix containing dummy variables; B is a matrix of regression coefficients; and F is a N×J matrix of residuals.
 The structure of the PLSR model can be written as:
where T (N×A) is a matrix of score vectors which are linear combinations of the x-variables; P (P×d) is a matrix with the x-loading vectors pa as columns; Q (J×A) is a matrix with the y-loading vectors qa as columns; B. (N×P) is the matrix for X after A factors; and F. (N×J) is the matrix for Y after A factors.
 The criterion in PLSR is to maximize the explained covariance of [X,Y]. This is achieved by the loading weights vector wa+i, which is the first eigenvector of EaTFaFaTEa (Ea and Fa are the deflated X and Y after a factors or PLS components).
 The regression coefficients are given by:
 A PLSR model with full rank, i.e. maximum number of components, is equivalent to the MLR solutions. Further details on PLSR can be found in Martens & Naes, 1989, Multivariate Calibration, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., USA and Kowalski & Seasholtz, 1991, supra.
Nucleotide Sequences of 34/35 Genes Selected by Jackknife
 Clone Ids and their Sequences
TABLE-US-00002 I-30 (SEQ ID NO: 113) CTTTTCCTCCCGCTGTCCCCCACGGAGGGGACTGCTCTCCCCCGCTGCAT CCTTTCTGTGAGGTACCTTACCCACCTCAGCACCTGAGAGGGTGAAATAG AATTCTAACCTCGACATTCGGGAAGTGTTTTTGAGAAGTCTCGGTCGGTA AGGGAAGTCTTCCAAGTCCGTGCAGCACTAACGTATTGGCACCTGCCTCC TCTTCGGCCACCCCCCAGATGAGGCAGCTGTGACTGTGTCAAGGGAAGCC ACGACTCTGACCATAGTCTTCTCTCAGCTTCCACTGCCGTCTCCACAGGA AACCCAGAAGTTCTGTGAACAAGTCCATGCTGCCATCAAGGCATTTATTG CAGTGTACTATTTGCTTCCAAAGGATCAGGCCCTGAGAACAATGACCTTA TTTCCTACAACAGTGTCTGGGTTGCGTGCCAGCAGATGCCTCAGATACCA AGAGATAACAAAGCTGCAGCTCTTTTGATGCTGACCAAGAATGTGGATTT TGTGAAGGATGCACATGAAGAAATGGAGCAGGCTGTGGAAGAATGTGACC CTTACTCTGGCCTCTTGAATGATACTGAGGAGAACAACTCTGACAACCAC AATCATGAGGATGATGTGTTGGGGTTTCCCAGCAATCAGGACTTGTATTG GTCAGAGGACGATCAAGAGCTCATAATCCCATGCCTTGCGCTGGTGAGAG CATCCAAAGCCTGCCTGAAGAAAATTCGGATGTTAGTGGCAGAGAATGGG AAGAAGGATCAGGTGGCACAGCTGGATGACATTGTGGATATTTCTGATGA AATCAGCCCTAGTGTGGATGATTTGGCTCTGAGCATATATCCACCTATGT GTCACCTGACCGTGCGAATCAATTCTGCGAAACTTGTATCTGTTTTAAAG AAGGCACTTGAAATTACAAAAGCAAGTCATGTGACCCCTCAGCCAGAAGA TAGTTGGATCCCTTTACTTATTAATGCCATTGATCATTGCATGAATAGAA TCAAGGAGCTCACTCAGAGTGAACTTGAATTATGACTTTTCAGGCTCATT TGTACTCTCTTCCCCTCTCATCGTCATGGTCAGGCTCTGATACCTGCTTT TAAAATGGAGCTAGAATGCTTGCTGGATTGAAAGGGAGTGCCTATCTATA TTTAGCAAGAGACACTATTACCAAAGATTGTTGGTTAGGCCAGATTGACA CCTATTTATAAACCATATGCGTATATTTTTCTGTGCTATATATGAAAAAT AATTGCATGATTTCTCATTCCTGAGTCATTTCTCAGAGATTCCTAGGAAA GCTGCCTTATTCTCTTTTTGCAGTAAAGTATGTTGTTTTCATTGTAAAGA TGTTGATGGTCTCAATAAAATGCTAACTTGCCAGTGAAAAAAAAAAAAAA III-02 (SEQ ID NO: 114) AGGATCTAAGACCAGCCTGGCAGCCACCAGATGGTGATTCTAGTCCTGGC TCAGTCAGTAATAGGTCACTGACCCCAGAGAAATCAATTCAGCCTCCCCA GGTCCTTGGATTTCTTTCTGTGAAAATGAAAGCATAGGTAGGAATTTCCC ATGGAACAGCTAGCAGAGGAGAAATATTAAAAGTCAGGAGACTCATGCTA TAGTTTTCATACTTCATTACAACAATGTTGTTTAGGACAAGTGAGTTAAC CTGTTAGCTTCCTCTATATAAAATGGAAAGTCATTAAAAACCTACATAGC AGGGTTCTTGTGAAGATCAAGTGATAATGTAGGAAGCATGTACAAATGTC ACATTCTGCCGTCACGTAATGGTCCTCACAGCTTGAGGTAGCATTTAGCA TGTGTCATGATTTAGTACAAGGGTTGGCAAACTGTTGCTCTTGGATTAAG TCTGGCTCATTGCCTGTTTTTCAAAGAAAAAAATTGTATATGTGTGTATA TATGTTATATATAGGTACACACACATATGTGCTATATATAGCATATATAC ACACATAATATATAAACATGTACATATATAGCATTATATATATACGTGTA TAATATCTCCAGTCCTCATGACCAGCCATGCTTGTTCATTTACATTTGCA TACTCTATGATTGCTTTCATGCAACAATGGCAGAGTTGAGTGATTGTTTT GCAACAGAGACTGTATGGCCCACTAAACCTAAAATATTTAGTCTCTGACC CTGAAATGTAAGATTGATAGCCCAGGACCAGGCGTGGTGGCTCACACTTG TAATCCTAGCACTTTGGCAGGCCAAGGAGGGTGGATCACCTGAGGTCAGG AGTTAAAGACCAGCCTGGCCAACATGGTGAAACCCTGACTCTACTAAAAA TACAGAAATTAGCTGGGCGTGGTAATGGGTGCCTGCAATCCAAGCTACTC TGGAGGCTGAGGCAGGAGAATCACTTGAACCCAGGAGGCAGAAGTTACAG TGAGCTGAGATGGTGCCACTGCACTCCAGCCTCTGACGACAGAGTGAGAC TCCATCTCAAAAA III-27 (SEQ ID NO: 115) CCATTCTCCTGCCTCAGCCTCTCAAGTAGCTGGGACTACAGGCGCCCACA ACCACGCCCGGCTAATGTTTTTGGTATTTTTCGTAGAGACGGGGTTTCAC CTTGTTAGCCAGGATGGTCTTGATCTCCTGACCTCGTGATCTGCCTGCCT CGGCCTCCCAAAGTGTTGGGATTACAGGCACATTTTTCACAATTTTTTAA CACTTAAGAATGACTTAACTGAATCATGCCTTTAGAAGAAACTTTCTGTT TAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA III-60 (SEQ ID NO: 116) CTGCCGCCGCCCCCAGCTCCCCCGCCTCGGGGAGGGCACCAGGTCACTGC AGCCAGAGGGGTCCAGAAGAGAGAGGAGGCACTGCCTCCACTACAGCAAC TGCACCCACGATGCAGAGCATCAAGTGCGTGGTGGTGGGTGATGGGGCTG TGGGCAAGACGTGCCTGCTCATCTGCTACACAACTAACGCTTTCCCCAAA GAGTACATCCCCACCGTGTTCGACAATTACAGCGCGCAGAGCGCAGTTGA CGGGCGCACAGTGAACCTGAACCTGTGGGACACTGCGGGCCAGGAGGAGT ATGACCGCCTCCGTACACTCTCCTACCCTCAGACCAACGTTTTCGTCATC TGTTTCTCCATTGCCAGTCCGCCGTCCTATGAGAACGTGCGGCACAAGTG GCATCCAGAGGTGTGCCACCACTGCCCTGATGTGCCCATCCTGCTGGTGG GCACCAAGAAGGACCTGAGAGCCCAGCCTGACACCCTACGGCGCCTCAAG GAGCAGGGCCAGGCGCCCATCACACCGCAGCAGGGCCAGGCACTGGCCAA GCAGATCCACGCTGTGCGCTACCTCGAATGCTCAGCCCTGCAACAGGATG GTGTCAAGGAAGTGTTCGCCGAGGCTGTCCGGGCTGTGCTCAACCCCACG CCGATCAAGCGTGGGCGGTCCTGCATCCTCTTGTGACCCTGGCACTTGGC TTGGAGGCTGCCCCTGCCCTCCCCCCACCAGTTGTGCCTTGGTGCCTTGT CCGCCTCAGCTGTGCCTTAAGGACTAATTCTGGCACCCCTTTCCAGGGGG TTCCCTGAATGCCTTTTTCTCTGAGTGCCTTTTTCTCCTTAAGGAGGCCT GCAGAGAAAGGGGCTTTGGGCTCTGCCCCCCTCTGCTTGGGAACACTGGG TATTCTCATGAGCTCATCCAAGCCAAGGTTGGACCCCTCCCCAAGAGGCC AACCCAGTGCCCCCTCCCATTTTCCGTACTGACCAGTTCATCCAGCTTTC CACACAGTTGTTGCTGCCTATTGTGGTGCCGCCTCAGGTTAGGGGCTCTC AGCCATCTCTAACCTCTGCCCTCGCTGCTCTTGGAATTGCGCCCCCAAGA TGCTCTCTCCCTTCTCCAATGAGGGAGCCACAGAATCCTGAGAAGGTGAA TGTGCCCTAACCTGCTCCTCTGTGCCTAGGCCTTACGCATTTGCTGACTG ACTCAGCCCCCATGCTTCTGGGGACCTTTCCTACCCCCATCAGCATCAAT AAAACCTCCTGTCTCCAGTGA IV-26 (SEQ ID NO: 117) CAGCCCTCCGTCACCTCTTCACCGCACCCTCGGACTGCCCCAAGGCCCCC GCCGCCGCTCCAGCGCCGCGCAGCCACCGCCGCCGCCGCCGCCTCTCCTT AGTCGCCGCCATGACGACCGCGTCCACCTCGCAGGTGCGCCAGAACTACC ACCAGGACTCAGAGGCCGCCATCAACCGCCAGATCAACCTGGAGCTCTAC GCCTCCTACGTTTACCTGTCCATGTCTTACTACTTTGACCGCGATGATGT GGCTTTGAAGAACTTTGCCAAATACTTTCTTCACCAATCTCATGAGGAGA GGGAACATGCTGAGAAACTGATGAAGCTGCAGAACCAACGAGGTGGCCGA ATCTTCCTTCAGGATATCAAGAAACCAGACTGTGATGACTGGGAGAGCGG GCTGAATGCAATGGAGTGTGCATTACATTTGGAAAAAAATGTGAATCAGT CACTACTGGAACTGCACAAACTGGCCACTGACAAAAATGACCCCCATTTG TGTGACTTCATTGAGACACATTACCTGAATGAGCAGGTGAAAGCCATCAA AGAATTGGGTGACCACGTGACCAACTTGCGCAAGATGGGAGCGCCCGAAT CTGGCTTGGCGGAATATCTCTTTGACAAGCACACCCTGGGAGACAGTGAT AATGAAAGCTAAGCCTCGGGCTAATTTCCCCATAGCCGTGGGGTGACTTC CCTGGTCACCAAGGCAGTGCATGCATGTTGGGGTTTCCTTTACCTTTTCT ATAAGTTGTACCAAAACATCCACTTAAGTTCTTTGATTTGTACCATTCCT TCAAATAAAGAAATTTGGTACCCAAAAAAAA IV-41 (SEQ ID NO: 118) GCCATTTCTAAGACCTACAGCTACCTGACCCCCGACCTCTGGAAGGAGAC TGTATTCACCAAGTCTCCCTATCAGGAGTTCACTGACCACCTCGTCAAGA CCCACACCAGAGTCTCCGTGCAGCGGACTCAGGCTCCAGCTGTGGCTACA ACATAGGGTTTTTATACAAGAAAAATAAAGTGAATTAAGCGTGAAAA IV-51 (SEQ ID NO: 119) ATTTCTGTGGATACAGTGCCCACCGCCCTCCTCCACTTGGAAACGGTATC CTCCCTGCCCATCCGTCTGTCTGTCGCCCTTCTCCCGGCCCTCACTAAGC CCCGGCACTTCTAGTGGTCTCACCTGGAGGCAAGAGGGAGGGGACAGAGG CCCTGCCACGTCCCGCTGCCTCCTGCTCTCTGGAGGTACTGAGACAGGGT GCTGATGGGAAGGAGGGGAGCCTTTGGGGGGCCACCCGGGGCCTGGACCT ATGCAGGGAGGCCACGTCCCACCCCACCTCTTGTTTCTGGGTCCCTGCTC CCCTTTGGGGGTGTGTGTGTGTGTTTTAATTTTCTTTATGGAAAAATTGA CAAAAAAAAATAGAGAGAGAGGTATTTAACTGCAATAAACTGGCCCCATG TGGCCCCCGCCTTGTCAAAAAAAAAA V-09 (SEQ ID NO: 120) TGGATTCCCGTCGTAACTTAAAGGGAAACTTTCACAATGTCCGGAGCCCT TGATGTCCTGCAAATGAAGGAGGAGGATGTCCTTAAGTTCCTTGCAGCAG GAACCCACTTAGGTGGCACCAATCTTGACTTCCAGATGGAACAGTACATC TATAAAAGGAAAAGTGATGGCATCTATATCATAAATCTCAAGAGGACCTG GGAGAAGCTTCTGCTGGCAGCTCGTGCAATTGTTGCCATTGAAAACCCTG
CTGATGTCAGTGTTATATCCTCCAGGAATACTGGCCAGAGGGCTGTGCTG AAGTTTGCTGCTGCCACTGGAGCCACTCCAATTGCTGGCCGCTTCACTCC TGGAACCTTCACTAACCAGATCCAGGCAGCCTTCCGGGAGCCACGGCTTC TTGTGGTTACTGACCCCAGGGCTGACCACCAGCCTCTCACGGAGGCATCT TATGTTAACCTACCTACCATTGCGCTGTGTAACACAGATTCTCCTCTGCG CTATGTGGACATTGCCATCCCATGCAACAACAAGGGAGCTCACTCAGTGG GTTTAATGTGGTGGATGCTGGCTCGGGAAGTTCTGCGCATGCGTGGCACC ATTTCCCGTGAACACCCATGGGAGGTCATGCCTGATCTGTACTTCTACAG AGATCCTGAAGAGATTGAAAAAGAAGAGCAGGCTGCTGCTGAGAAGGCAG TGACCAAGGAGGAATTTCAGGGTGAATGGACTGCTCCCGCTCCTGAGTTC ACTGCTACTCAGCCTGAGGTTGCAGACTGGTCTGAAGGTGTACAGGTGCC CTCTGTGCCTATTCAGCAATTCCCTACTGAAGACTGGAGCGCTCAGCCTG CCACGGAAGACTGGTCTGCAGCTCCCACTGCTCAGGCCACTGAATGGGTA GGAGCAACCACTGACTGGTCTTAAGCTGTTCTTGCATAGGCTCTTAAGCA GCATGGAAAAATGGTTGATGGAAAATAAACATCAGTTTCT V-38 (SEQ ID NO: 121) GTTTAAATTTGACAAACTAAAGCTAATTACTGCTATAAGAGTAATAACTG CTCATTTTCCATAACTCATTCTTAAAGTTTTAGTAATGTAAAAGTTATTT TTTTGCAGTAAGTTATAATGATAGAAGCTTACATGTTTTTTCATGCCTCA TCTGTTTCCCCTTAAAACTATAATTATCAGTAAAGTCCTGTGGTATTTTT CAATTTGTAAGAAACTAGGCTATATATACATTGGGAAAAACAGCCTTCAT TTGTCAATGCACTAGTGTTCCAAAGGTTTCTGGTAATTGTGTGCTATTGC TTTTTGTTGACTTGCAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAATTACTATGACTTGTGG TAGCCCTGCAACCTTCGGAAGTGCTTAGCCCAGTCTGACCATACATTTAT ATTTAGAATGCTTAGGTAAATAAATAATATGCCTAAACCCAATGCTATAA GATACTATATAATATCTCATAATTTTAAAAATCACTGTTTTGTATAATAA TAAAACAAGGCAGGCAAGCTGTTCTACAATGACTGTTGGTAAGGGTGCTG AGGAAGAAAAACAAACAATCTTGATTCAGGGATAGTGAATAGACAAAAAA TGTCCTAATCAATGAAGCTGTGTGATGATTCTGATTGACAGAGAGTGCTG CCACAAGATTCTTAGGCTACACTCAAATCAGCAGAAAAAGTGCTACAATA AATTAGAAGTGACTATTACAGGTGCAGATGAGGGTTGGTAGTACCTGTTT GCCATTTCTCTTCTAATCTTATATTTTCTGACCCTCCTACTGTAAGTCGC GCGGAGGCGGAGGCTTGGGTGCGTTCAAGATTCAACTTCACCCGTAACCC ACCGCCATGGCCGAGGAAGGCATTGCTGCTGGAGGTGTAATGGACGTTAA TACTGCTTTACAAGAGGTTCTGAAGACTGCCCTCATCCACGATGGCCTAG CACGTGGAATTCGCGAAGCTGCCAAAGCCTTAGACAAGCGCCAAGCCCAT CTTTGTGTGCTTGCATCCAACTGTGATGAGCCTATGTATGTCAAGTTGGT GGAGGCCCTTTGTGCTGAACACCAAATCAACCTAATTAAGGTTGATGACA ACAAGAAACTAGGAGAATGGGTAGGCCTTTGTAAAATTGACAGAGAGGGG AAACCCCGTAAAGTGGTTGGTTGCAGTTGTGTAGTAGTTAAGGACTATGG CAAGGAGTCTCAGGCCAAGGATGTCATTGAAGAGTATTTCAAATGCAAGA AATGAAGAAATAAATCTTTGGCTCACAAA VI-44 (SEQ ID NO: 122) GAGAATGGCTTGAACCCAGTAGGCAGAGGTTGTAGTGAGCCGAGATTGGG CCACTGCACTTTAGCCTGGGTGACAGAGTGAGACTCTGTCTCAAAAAAAA AAAAAAAAAATTTAAATAAAATAAAAAACCTTTACTTATTTTTAAATTGG GTTGTCTTTTTGGTATTGAGTTGTTAAAGTTCTTTATATATTTTAGGTAC AAATCCCTTATGAGATACGTGATTTGAAAATATTTTCTCCCATTCTGTGG GTTGCTTTTTCACTTTCTTGGTTGTATCCTTTGAAGCACAGAAGTTTTAA ATTTTGATGAAGTCCAGTTTATTTATTTTTTTGCTGTTGTTTCTGCTCAT ACTTTTGAGGTCATGTCTGAGAAACCATTGTCAAATCCAAGGTCGTGATG ACTTACCCCTGTGTTTTCTTCTAAGAGTTTTAAAGGCATCTGAAGCTTAA TGTGCACTAGATGGATTCTAAATATCATCTCATCCAAAACCTGCTATATA TACTACCTTCCTCATCTCAGTTGAAGGCAAGTCCATTGTTTCAATTGCCT GGGCAAAAAATATTCTAAATAATTCATAATTTTTCCTCAACTCCACATCT ATTGGTAAATCCTGTGGGTTCTCCTTTTAAAACATATCCAAAATAGAATC ATTTCTCACTATCATTCCACTGCAGGCACCAAGTCTCAATAGTCTCCTAG CAGATAATCATGTCTACATTTATTCTCAATGTAGCAGCTAGAGAGCTTTT TTG VI-49 (SEQ ID NO: 123) GCGGTCGTAAGGGCTGAGGATTTTTGGTCCGCACGCTCCTGCTCCTGACT CACCGCTGTTCGCTCTCGCCGAGGAACAAGTCGGTCAGGAAGCCCGCGCG CAACAGCCATGGCTTTTAAGGATACCGGAAAAACACCCGTGGAGCCGGAG GTGGCAATTCACCGAATTGGAATCACCCTAACAAGCCGCAACGTAAAATC CTTGGAAAAGGTGTGTGCTGACTTGATAAGAGGCGCAAAAGAAAAGAATC TCAAAGTGAAAGGACCAGTTCGAATGCCTACCAAGACTTTGAGAATCACT ACAAGAAAAACTCCTTGTGGTGAAGGTTCTAAGACGTGGGATCGTTTCCA GATGAGAATTCACAAGCGACTCATTGACTTGCACAGTCCTTCTGAGATTG TTAAGCAGATTACTTCCATCAGTATTGAGCCAGGAGTTGAGGTGGAAGTC ACCATTGCAGATGCTTAAGTCAACTATTTTAATAAATTGATGACCAGTTG TTAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA VI-52 (SEQ ID NO: 124) GAAAAGGGNTNGCNCCCAANGGGCAGAGGTTGGGCTGATGCCGATATTGG GCCNCTGCNCTNCANACCTGGGTGACATGAATGAAACTCTGTCTCACATA AAAACCCAAAAAANCTAAATGAAATAAAAGACCTTTGCTTATTNCTAANT TGGGTACGC VII-15 (SEQ ID NO: 125) CCCATCCCCTCGACCGCTCGCGTCGCATTTGGCCGCCTCCCTACCGCTCC AAGCCCAGCCCTCAGCCATGGCATGCCCCCTGGATCAGGCCATTGGCCTC CTCGTGGCCATCTTCCACAAGTACTCCGGCAGGGAGGGTGACAAGCACAC CCTGAGCAAGAAGGAGCTGAAGGAGCTGATCCAGAAGGAGCTCACCATTG GCTCGAAGCTGCAGGATGCTGAAATTGCAAGGCTGATGGAAGACTTGGAC CGGAACAAGGACCAGGAGGTGAACTTCCAGGAGTATGTCACCTTCCTGGG GGCCTTGGCTTTGAT VII-32 (SEQ ID NO: 126) AATTAGAGAGGTGAGGATCTGGTATTTCCTGGACTAAATTCCCCTTGGGG AAGACGAAGGGATGCTGCAGTTCCAAAAGAGAAGGACTCTTCCAGAGTCA TCTACCTGAGTCCCAAAGCTCCCTGTCCTGAAAGCCACAGACAATATGGT CCCAAATGACTGACTGCACCTTCTGTGCCTCAGCCGTTYTTGACATCAAG AATCTTCTGTTCCACATCCACACAGCCAATACAATTAGTCAAACCACTGT TATTAACAGATGTAGCAACATGAGAAACGCTTATGTTACAGGTTACATGA GAGCAATCATGTAAGTCTATATGACTTCAGAAATGTTAAAATAGACTAAC CTCTAACAACAAATTAAAAGTGATTGTTTCAAGGTGATGCAATTATTGAT GACCTATTTTATTTTTCTATAATGATCATATATTACCTTTGTAATAAAAC ATTATAACCAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA VII-48 (SEQ ID NO: 127) CTTAAGTATGCCCTGACAGGAGATGAAGTAAAGAAGATTTGCATGCAGCG GTTCATTAAAATCGATGGCAAGGTCCGAACTGATATAACCTACCCTGCTG GATTCATGGATGTCATCAGCATTGACAAGACGGGAGAGAATTTCCGTCTG ATCTATGACACCAAGGGTCGCTTTGCTGTACATCGTATTACACCTGAGGA GGCCAAGTACAAGTTGTGCAAAGTGAGAAAGATCTTTGTGGGCACAAAAG GAATCCCTCATCTGGTGACTCATGATGCCCGCACCATCCGCTACCCCGAT CCCCTCATCAAGGTGAATGATACCATTCAGATTGATTTAGAGACTGGCAA GATTACTGATTTCATCAAGTTCGACACTGGTAACCTGTGTATGGTGACTG GAGGTGCTAACCTAGGAAGAATTGGTGTGATCACCAACAGAGAGAGGCAC CCTGGATCTTTTGACGTGGTTCACGTGAAAGATGCCAATGGCAACAGCTT TGCCACTCGACTTTCCAACATTTTTGTTATTGGCAAGGGCAACAAACCAT GGATTTCTCTTCCCCGAGGAAAGGGTATCCGCCTCACCATTGCTGAAGAG AGAGACAAAAGACTGGCGGCCAAACAGAGCAGTGGGTGAAATGGGTCCCT GGGTGACATGTCAGATCTTTGTACGTAATTAAAAATATTGTGGCAGGATT AATAGCC VII-76 (SEQ ID NO: 128) AGACACACGAGCATATTTCACCTCCGCTACCATAATCATCGCTATCCCCA CCGGCGTCAAAGTATTTAGCTGACTCGCCACACTCCACGGAAGCAATATG AAATGATCTGCTGCAGTGCTCTGAGCCCTAGGATTCATCTTTCTTTTCAC CGTAGGTGGCCTGACTGGCATTGTATTAGCAAACTCATCACTAGACATCG TACTACACGACACGTACTACGTTGTAGCCCACTTCCACTATGTCCTATCA ATAGGAGCTGTATTTGCCATCATAGGAGGCTTCATTCACTGATTTCCCCT ATTCTCAGGCTACACCCTAGACCAAACCTACGCCAAAATCCATTTCACTA TCATATTCATCGGCGTAAATCTAACTTTCTTCCCACAACACTTTCTCGGC CTATCCGGAATGCCCCGACGTTACTCGGACTACCCCGATGCATACACCAC ATGAAACATCCTATCATCTGTAGGCTCATTCATTTCTCTAACAGCAGTAA TATTAATAATTTTCATGATTTGAGAAGCCTTCGCTTCGAAGCGAAAAGTC CTAATAGTAGAAGAACCCTCCATAAACCTGGAGTGACTATATGGATGCCC CCCACCCTACCACACATTCGAAGAACCCGTATACAT IX-24
(SEQ ID NO: 129) AGAGTGCAAGACGATGACTTGCAAAATGTCGCAGCTGGAACGCAACATAG AGACCATCATCAACACCTTCCACCAATACTCTGTGAAGCTGGGGCACCCA GACACCCTGAACCAGGGGGAATTCAAAGAGCTGGTGCGAAAAGATCTGCA AAATTTTCTCAAGAAGGAGAATAAGAATGAAAAGGTCATAGAACACATCA TGGAGGACCTGGACACAAATGCAGACAAGCAGCTGAGCTTCGAGGAGTTC ATCATGCTGATGGCGAGGCTAACCTGGGCCTCCCACGAGAAGATGCACGA GGGTGACGAGGGCCCTGGCCACCACCATAAGCCAGGCCTCGGGGAGGGCA CCCCCTAAGACCACAGTGGCCAAGATCACAGTGGCCACGGCCACGGCCAC AGTCATGGTGGCCACGGCCACAGCCACTAATCAGGAGGCCAGGCCACCCT GCCTCTACCCAACCAGGGCCCCGGGGCCTGTTATGTCAAACTGTCTTGGC TGTGGGGCTAGGGGCTGGGGCCAAATAAAGTCTCTTCCTCCAAAAAAAA IX-39 (SEQ ID NO: 130) CTTGGCTCCTGTGGAGGCCTGCTGGGAACGGGACTTCTAAAAGGAACTAT GTCTGGAAGGCTGTGGTCCAAGGCCATTTTTGCTGGCTATAAGCGGGGTC TCCGGAACCAAAGGGAGCACACAGCTCTTCTTAAAATTGAAGGTGTTTAC GCCCGAGATGAAACAGAATTCTATTTGGGCAAGAGATGCGCTTATGTATA TAAAGCAAAGAACAACACAGTCACTCCTGGCGGCAAACCAAACAAAACCA GAGTCATCTGGGGAAAAGTAACTCGGGCCCATGGAAACAGTGGCATGGTT CGTGCCAAATTCCGAAGCAATCTTCCTGCTAAGGCCATTGGACACAGAAT CCGAGTGATGCTGTACCCCTCAAGGATTTAAACTAACGAAAAATCAATAA ATAAATGTGGATTTGTGCTCTTGTA IX-46 (SEQ ID NO: 131) ACGCGAGATGGCAGTGCAAATATCCAAGAAGAGGAAGTTTGTCGCTGATG GCATCTTCAAAGCTGAACTGAATGAGTTTCTTACTCGGGAGCTGGCTGAA GATGGCTACTCTGGAGTTGAGGTGCGAGTTACACCAACCAGGACAGAAAT CATTATCTTAGCCACCAGAACACAGAATGTTCTTGGTGAGAAGGGCCGGC GGATTCGGGAACTGACTGCTGTAGTTCAGAAGAGGTTTGGCTTTCCAGAG GGCAGTGTAGAGCTTTATGCTGAAAAGGTGGCCACTAGAGGTCTGTGTGC CATTGCCCAGGCAGAGTCTCTGCGTTACAAACTCCTAGGAGGGCTTGCTG TGCGGAGGGCCTGCTATGGTGTGCTGCGGTTCATCATGGAGAGTGGGGCC AAAGGCTGCGAGGTTGTGGTGTCTGGGAAACTCCGAGGACAGAGGGCTAA ATCCATGAAGTTTGTGGATGGCCTGATGATCCACAGCGGAGACCCTGTTA ACTACTAGGTTGACACTGCTGTGCGCCACGTGTTGCTCAGACAGGGTGTG CTGGGCATCAAGGTGAAGATCATGCTGCCCTGGGACCCAACTGGTAAGAT TGGCCCTAAGAAGCCCCTGCCTGACCACGTGAGCATTGTGGAACCCAAAG ATGAGATACTGCCCACCACCCCCATCTCAGAACAGAAGGGTGGGAAGCCA GAGCCGCCTGCCATGCCCCAGCCAGTCCCCACAGCATAACAGGGTCTCCT TGGCAGCTGTATTCTGGAGTCTGGATGTTGCTCTCTAAAGACCTTTAATA AAATTTTGT IX-50 (SEQ ID NO: 132) GTCCATCCTGCAGGCCACAAGCTCTGGATGAGGAACTTGAGGCAAGTCAC CAGCCCCTGATCATTTCGCCTAAAAGAGCAAGGACTAGAGTTCCTGACCT CCAGGCCAGTCCCTGATCCCTGACCTAATGTTATCGCGGAATGATGATAT ATGTATCTACGGGGGCCTGGGGCTGGGCGGGCTCCTGCTTCTGGCAGTGG TCCTTCTGTCCGCCTGCCTGTGTTGGCTGCATCGAAGAGTAAAGAGGCTG GAGAGGAGCTGGGCCCAGGGCTCCTCAGAGCAGGAACTCCACTATGCATC TCTGCAGAGGCTGCCAGTGCCCAGCAGTGAGGGACCTGACCTCAGGGGCA GAGACAAGAGAGGCACCAAGGAGGATCCAAGAGCTGACTATGCCTGCATT GCTGAGAACAAACCCACCTGAGCACCCCAGACACCTTCCTCAACCCAGGC GGGTGGACAGGGTCCCCCTGTGGTCCAGCCAGTAAAAACCATGGTCCCCC CACTTCTGTGTCTCAGTCCTCTCAGTCCATCTCGAGCCTCCGTTCAAAAT GATCATCATCAAAACTTATGTGGCTTTTTGACCTTTGAATAGGGAATTTT TTAAATTTTTTAAAAATTAAAATAAAAAAAACACATGGCTCACCCTTCCA CCCAAAAAAAAAA X-77 (SEQ ID NO: 133) CCTCCCGGGCTCTTAAGCCCCTCTCTTTCTCTAACAGAAAAAGCGGATGG TGGTTCCTGCTGCCCTCAAGGTCGTGCGTCTGAAGCCTACAAGAAAGTTT GCCTATCTGGGGCGCCTGGCTCACGAGGTTGGCTGGAAGTACCAGGCAGT GACAGCCACCCTGGAGGAGAAGAGGAAAGAGAAAGCCAAGATCCACTACC GGAAGAAGAAACAGCTCATGAGGCTACGGAAACAGGCCGAGAAGAACGTG GAGAAGAAAATTGACAAATACACAGAGGTCCTCAAGACCCACGGACTCCT GGTCTGAGCCCAATAAAGACTGTTAATTCCTCATGCGTTGCCTGCCCTTC CTCCATTGTTGCCCTGGAATGTACGGGACCCAGGGGCAGCAGCAGTCCAG GTGCCACAGGCAGCCCTGGGACATAGGAAGCTGGGAGCAAGGAAAGGGTC TTAGTCACTGCCTCCCGAAGTTGCTTGAAAGCACTCGGAGAATTGTGCAG GTGTCATTTATCTATGACCAATAGGAAGAGCAACCAGTTACTATGAGTGA AAGGGAGCCAGAAGACTGATTGGAGGGCCCTATCTTGTGAGTGGGGCATC TGTTGGACTTTCCACCTGGTCATATACTCTGCAGCTGTTAGAATGTGCAA GCACTTGGGGACAGCATGAGCTTGCTGTTGTACACAGGGTATT XI-13 (SEQ ID NO: 134) CTGCCAACATGGTGTTCAGGCGCTTCGTGGAGGTTGGCCGGGTGGCCTAT GTCTCCTTTGGACCTCATGCCGGAAAATTGGTCGCGATTGTAGATGTTAT TGATCAGAACAGGGCTTTGGTCGATGGACCTTGCACTCAAGTGAGGAGAC AGGCCATGCCTTTCAAGTGCATGCAGCTCACTGATTTCATCCTCAAGTTT CCGCACAGTGCCCACCAGAAGTATGTCCGACAAGCCTGGCAGAAGGCAGA CATCAATACAAAATGGGCAGCCACACGATGGGCCAAGAAGATTGAAGCCA GAGAAAGGAAAGCCAAGATGACAGATTTTGATCGTTTTAAAGTTATGAAG GCAAAGAAAATGAGGAACAGAATAATCAAGAATGAAGTTAAGAAGCTTCA AAAGGCAGCTCTCCTGAAAGCTTCTCCCAAAAAAGCACCTGGTACTAAGG GTACTGCTGCTGCTGCTGCTGCTGCTGCTGCTGCTGCTGCTGCTGCTGCT GCTAAAGTTCCAGCAAAAAAGATCACCGCCGCGAGTAAAAAGGCTCCAGC CCAGAAGGTTCCTGCCCAGAAAGCCACAGGCCAGAAAGCAGCGCCTGCTC CAAAAGCTCAGAAGGGTCAAAAAGCTCCAGCCCAGAAAGCACCTGCTCCA AAGGCATCTGGCAAGAAAGCATAAGTGGCAATCATAAAAAGTAATAAAGG TTCTTTTTGACCTGTTAAAAAA XI-49 (SEQ ID NO: 135) GATCAACCTGGAGCTCTACGCCTCCTACGTTTACCTGTCCATGTCTTACT ACTTTGACCGCGATGATGTGGCTTTGAAGAACTTTGCCAAATACTTTCTT CACCAATCTCATGAGGAGAGGGAACATGCTGAGAAACTGATGAAGCTGCA GAACCAACGAGGTGGCCGAATCTTCCTTCAGGATATCAAGAAACCAGACT GTGATGACTGGGAGAGCGGGCTGAATGCAATGGAGTGTGCATTACATTTG GAAAAAAATGTGAATCAGTCACTACTGGAACTGCACAAACTGGCCACTGA CAAAAATGACCCCCATTTGTGTGACTTCATTGAGACACATTACCTGAATG AGCAGGTGAAAGCCATCAAAGAATTGGGTGACCACGTGACCAACTTGCGC AAGATGGGAGCGCCCGAATCTGGCTTGGCGGAATATCTCTTTGACAAGCA CACCCTGGGAGACAGTGATAATGAAAGCTAAGCCTCGGGCTAATTTCCCC ATAGCCGTGGGGTGACTTCCCTGGTCACCAAGGCAGTGCATGCATGTTGG GGTTTCCTTTACCTTTTCTATAAGTTGTACCAAAACATCCACTTAAGTTC TTTGATTTGTACCATTCCTTCAAATAAAGAAATTTGGTACCC XI-81 (SEQ ID NO: 136) AGAGCAGCAGCCATGGCCCTACGCTACCCTATGGCCGTGGGCCTCAACAA GGGCCACAAAGTGACCAAGAACGTGAGCAAGCCCAGGCACAGCCGACGCC GCGGGCGTCTGACCAAACACACCAAGTTCGTGCGGGACATGATTCGGGAG GTGTGTGGCTTTGCCCCGTACGAGCGGCGCGCCATGGAGTTACTGAAGGT CTCCAAGGACAAACGGGCCCTCAAATTTATCAAGAAAAGGGTGGGGACGC ACATCCGCGCCAAGAGGAAGCGGGAGGAGCTGAGCAACGTACTGGCCGCC ATGAGGAAAGCTGCTGCCAAGAAAGACTGAGCCCCTCCCCTGCCCTCTCC CTGAAATAAA XII-35 (SEQ ID NO: 137) CTCTCCTGTCAACAGCGGCCAGCCTCCCAACTACGAGATGCTCAAGGAGG AGCAGGAAGTGGCTATGCTGGGGGCGCCCCACAACCCTGCTCCCCCGACG TCCACCGTGATCCACATCCGCAGCGAGACCTCCGTGCCCGACCATGTCGT CTGGTCCCTGTTCAACACCCTCTTCATGAACACCTGCTGCCTGGGCTTCA TAGCATTCGCCTACTCCGTGAAGTCTAGGGACAGGAAGATGGTTGGCGAC GTGACCGGGGCCCAGGCCTATGCCTCCACCGCCAAGTGCCTGAACATCTG GGCCCTGATTTTGGGCATCTTCATGACCATTCTGCTCGTCATCATCCCAG TGTTGGTCGTCCAGGCCCAGCGATAGATCAGGAGGCATCATTGAGGCCAG GAGCTCTGCCCGTGACCTGTATCCCACGTACTCTATCTTCCATTCCTCGC CCTGCCCCCAGAGGCCAGGAGCTCTGCCCTTGACCTGTATTCCACTTACT CCACCTTCCATTCCTCGCCCTGTCCCCACAGCCGAGTCCTGCATCAGCCC TTTATCCTCACACGCTTTTCTACAATGGCATTCAATAAAGTGTATATGTT TCTGGTGCTGCTGTGACTTCAA XII-77 (SEQ ID NO: 138) GTAAGAAAGCCCTTAAATAAAGAAGGTAAGAAACCTAGGACCAAAGCACC CAAGATTCAGCGTCTTGTTACTCCACGTGTCCTGCAGCACAAACGGCGGC
GTATTGCTCTGAAGAAGCAGCGTACCAAGAAAAATAAAGAAGAGGCTGCA GAATATGCTAAACTTTTGGCCAAGAGAATGAAGGAGGCTAAGGAGAAGCG CCAGGAACAAATTGCGAAGAGACGCAGACTTTCCTCTCTGCGAGCTTCTA CTTCTAAGTCTGAATCCAGTCAGAAATAAGATTTTTTGAGTAACAAATAA ATAAGATCAGACTCTGAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA XIII-29 (SEQ ID NO: 139) CTCGCTCACGCAGCACTCGTGGCAGTCCCTGAAGGACCGCTACCTCAAGC ACCTGCGGGGCCAGGAGCATAAGTACCTGCTGGGGGACGCGCCGGTGAGC CCCTCCTCCCAGAAGCTCAAGCGGAAGGCGGAGGAGGACCCGGAGGCCGC GGATAGCGGGGAACCACAGAATAAGAGAACTCCAGATTTGCCTGAAGAAG AGTATGTGAAGGAAGAAATCCAGGAGAATGAAGAAGCAGTCAAAAAGATG CTTGTGGAAGCCACCCGGGAGTTTGAGGAGGTTGTGGTGGATGAGAGCCC TCCTGATTTTGAAATACATATAACTATGTGTGATGATGATCCACCCACAC CTGAGGAAGACTCAGAAACACAGCCTGATGAGGAGGAAGAAGAAGAAGAA GAAAAAGTTTCTCAACCAGAGGTGGGAGCTGCCATTAAGATCATTCGGCA GTTAATGGAGAAGTTTAACTTGGATCTATCAACAGTTACACAGGCCTTCC TAAAAAATAGTGGTGAGCTGGAGGCTACTTCCGCCTTCTTAGCGTCTGGT CAGAGAGCTGATGGATATCCCATTTGGTCCCGACAAGATGACATAGATTT GCAAAAAGATGATGAGGATACCAGAGAGGCATTGGTCAAAAAATTTGGTG CTCAGAATGTAGCTCGGAGGATTGAATTTCGAAAGAAATAATTGGCAAGA TAATGAGAAAAGAAAAAAGTCATGGTAGGTGAGGTGGTTAAAAAAAATTG TGACCAATGAACTTTAGAGAGTTCTTGCATTGGAACTGGCACTTATTTTC TGACCATCGCTGCTGTTGCTCTGTGAGTCCTAGATT XIII-84 (SEQ ID NO: 140) ATTATCCTCAGTTCCCAAGAGCAATCATACTTTTCCACACATACCGTGTG TCTCATGTTAGGTAAATGTATTTTTACAATGAGCACCACTTCTGTGGAAA AAGTTCCCTGCACGGGGAGGTCCAGCTTCCAGACTGCTCCATCGCATAAG GACTTCCCCATTCCCCTAAATGCTGCTCTGTCAGAACCTGCCCAGGTAAT GGTAATGACCCTAGAGAGATGATTTCTGAACCGCAATTTTGAGCCCATTA GAAGGTGTGTGGTGGGCATTTATTTCATCCTGATGCTCTGGTGAGAATCT TTGCAGACGCACTAGATCCAGAAGCTGTTAATCTTGGTGCATTTATTTTC CTACCTAAAAGAACCAAGCAGCTCAGAGGCAGTGACTGTACAGGATGCAG TGTTTATAATAATGCTGAGCTTGCTGGTCTGGAACCCCACACTTCAGCAA TCCCAGCATTGTTCCTGTTTATGAAGTTGACAAAGTGACCAGGGCAAGGG GGTATTATCATTAAATACACTCTAGGAGAGGCAGAACACATGAGGGCAAT GTTTTTCAGAGGTCTTTAGGCCACCGCATCAGATTCTCCTGGAGCATAAA GCAAATGCTTTATGAGTCCAGGGCCCCTGCAGACCTACTGTATACTAGTA TACAGCTCCCTCTTAGTGGATCTCAAGCTTGTTTCCAAAAAGTCATTACA CTCCTTACCAAAGCCCATGACACATTCATACAGATTCATCCAGACATAAC CCACTGCATGGTCCAGTGCATGCTTGTGTGCTTAACTTATTATAGATCAA GTGTTATTTAAGTCCAACATATTAAACGTGACTGAATATT XV-49 (SEQ ID NO: 141) AAGTCTGCCCAGAAAGCTCAGAAGGCTAAATGAATATTATCCCTAATACC TGCCACCCCACTCTTAATCAGTGGTGGAAGAACGGTCTCAGAACTGTTTG TTTCAATTGGCCATTTAAGTTTAGTAGTAAAAGACTGGTTAATGATAACA ATGCATCGTAAAACCTTCAGAAGGAAAGGAGAATGTTTTGTGGACCACTT TGGTTTTCTTTTTTGCGTGTGGCAGTTTTAAGTTATTAGTTTTTAAAATC AGTACTTTTTAATGGAAACAACTTGACCAAAAATTTGTCACAGAATTTTG AGACCCATTAAAAAAGTTAAATGAG XV-54 (SEQ ID NO: 142) AAGAGCAGGTCTCTGGAGGCTGAGTTGCATGGGGCCTAGTAACACCAAGC CAGTGAGCCTCTAATGCTACTGCGCCCTGGGGGCTCCCAGGGCCTGGGCA ACTTAGCTGCAACTGGCAAAGGAGAAGGGTAGTTTGAGGTGTGACACCAG TTTGCTCCAGAAAGTTTAAGGGGTCTGTTTCTCATCTCCATGGACATCTT CAACAGCTTCACCTGACAACGACTGTTCCTATGAAGAAGCCACTTGTGTT TTAAGCAGAGGCAACCTCTCTCTTCTCCTCTGTTTCGTGAAGGCAGGGGA CACAGATGGGAGAGATTGAGCCAAGTCAGCCTTCTGTTGGTTAATATGGT ATAATGCATGGCTTTGTGCACAGCCCAGTGTGGGATTACAGCTTTGGGAT GACCGCTTACAAAGTTCTGTTTGGTTAGTATTGGCATAGTTTTTCTATAT AGCCATAAATGCGTATATATACCCATAGGGCTAGATCTGTATCTTAGTGT AGCGATGTATACATATACACATCCACCTACATGTTGAAGGGCCTAACCAG CCTTGGGAGTATTGACTGGTCCCTTACCTCTTATGGCTAAGTCTTTGACT GTGTTCATTTACCAAGTTGACCCAGTTTGTCTTTTAGGTTAAGTAAGACT CGAGAGTAAAGGCAAGGAGGGGGGCCAGCCTCTGAATGCGGCCACGGATG CCTTGCTGCTGCAACCCTTTCCCCAGCTGTCCACTGAAACGTGAAGTCCT GTTTTGAATGCCAAACCCACCATTCACTGGTGCTGACTACATAGAATGGG GTTGAGAGAAGATCAGTTTGGGCTTCACAGTGTCATTTGAAAACGTTTTT TGTTTTGTTTTGTAATTATTGTGGAAAACTTTCAAGTGAACAGAAGGATG GTGTCCTACTGTGGATGAGGGATGAACAAGGGGATGGCTTTGATCCAATG GAGCCTGGGAGGTGTGCCCAGAAAGCTTGTCTGTAGCGGGTTTTGTGAGA GTGAACACTTTCCACTTTTTGACACCTTATCCTGATGTATGGTTCCAGGA TTTGGATTTTGATTTTCCAAATGTAGCTTGAAATTTCAATAAACTTTGCT CTGTTTTTCTAAAAATAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA XV-75 (SEQ ID NO: 143) AGCAGATGACCCTTCGTGGCACCCTCAAGGGCCACAACGGCTGGGTAACC CAGATCGCTACTACCCCGCAGTTCCCGGACATGATCCTCTCCGCCTCTCG AGATAAGACCATCATCATGTGGAAACTGACCAGGGATGAGACCAACTATG GAATTCCACAGCGTGCTCTGCGGGGTCACTCCCACTTTGTTAGTGATGTG GTTATCTCCTCAGATGGCCAGTTTGCCCTCTCAGGCTCCTGGGATGGAAC CCTGCGCCTCTGGGATCTCACAACGGGCACCACCACGAGGCGATTTGTGG GCCATACCAAGGATGTGCTGAGTGTGGCCTTCTCCTCTGACAACCGGCAG ATTGTCTCTGGATCTCGAGATAAAACCATCAAGCTATGGAATACCCTGGG TGTGTGCAAATACACTGTCCAGGATGAGAGCCACTCAGAGTGGGTGTCTT GTGTCCGCTTCTCGCCCAACAGCAGCAACCCTATCATCGTCTCCTGTGGC TGGGACAAGCTGGTCAAGGTATGGAACCTGGCTAACTGCAAGCTGAAGAC CAACCACATTGGCCACACAGGCTATCTGAACACGGTGACTGTCTCTCCAG ATGGATCCCTCTGTGCTTCTGGAGGCAAGGATGGCCAGGCCATGTTATGG GATCTCAACGAAGGCAAACACCTTTACACGCTAGATGGTGGGGACATCAT CAACGCCCTGTGCTTCAGCCCTAACCGCTACTGGCTGTGTGCTGCCACAG GCCCCAGCATCAAGATCTGGGATTTAGAGGGAAAGATCATTGTAGATGAA CTGAAGCAAGAAGTTATCAGTACCAGCAGCAAGGCAGAACCACCCCAGTG CACCTCCCTGGCCTGGTCTGCTGATGGCCAGACTCTGTTTGCTGGCTACA CGGACAACCTGGTGCGAGTGTGGCAGGTGACCATTGGCACACGCTAGAAG TTTATGGCAGAGCTTTACAAATAAAAAAAAAACTGGCTTTTCTGACAAAA AAAAAA XV-86 (SEQ ID NO: 144) GCAAAATGTCGCAGCTGGAACGCAACATAGAGACCATCATCAACACCTTC CACCAATACTCTGTGAAGCTGGGGCACCCAGACACCCTGAACCAGGGGGA ATTCAAAGAGCTGGTGCGAAAAGATCTGCAAAATTTTCTCAAGAAGGAGA ATAAGAATGAAAAGGTCATAGAACACATCATGGAGGACCTGGACACAAAT GCAGACAAGCAGCTGAGCTTCGAGGAGTTCATCATGCTGATGGCGAGGCT AACCTGGGCCTCCCACGAGAAGATGCACGAGGGTGACGAGGGCCCTGGCC ACCACCATAAGCCAGGCCTCGGGGAGGGCACCCCCTAAGACCACAGTGGC CAAGATCACAGTGGCCACGGCCACGGCCACAGTCATGGTGGCCACGGCCA CAGCCACTAATCAGGAGGCCAGGCCACCCTGCCTCTACCCAACCAGGGCC CCGGGGCCTGTTATGTCAAACTGTCTTGGCTGTGGGGCTAGGGGCTGGGG CCAAATAAAGTCTCTTCCTCCAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA AAAAAAAAAAAA XVI-74 (SEQ ID NO: 145) CGCCGCCGCGCCGCCGTCGCTCTCCAACGCCAGCGCCGCCTCTCGCTCGC CGAGCTCCAGCCGAAGGAGAAGGGGGGTAAGTAAGGAGGTCTCTGTACCA TGGCTCGTACAAAGCAGACTGCCCGCAAATCGACCGGTGGTAAAGCACCC AGGAAGCAACTGGCTACAAAAGCCGCTCGCAAGAGTGCGCCCTCTACTGG AGGGGTGAAGAAACCTCATCGTTACAGGCCTGGTACTGTGGCGCTCCGTG AAATTAGACGTTATCAGAAGTCCACTGAACTTCTGATTCGCAAACTTCCC TTCCAGCGTCTGGTGCGAGAAATTGCTCAGGACTTTAAAACAGATCTGCG CTTCCAGAGCGCAGCTATCGGTGCTTTGCAGGAGGCAAGTGAGGCCTATC TGGTTGGCCTTTTTGAAGACACCAACCTGTGTGCTATCCATGCCAAACGT GTAACAATTATGCCAAAAGACATCCAGCTAGCACGCCGCATACGTGGAGA ACGTGCTTAAGAATCCACTATGATGGGAAACATTTCATTCTCAAAAAAAA AAAAAAAAAATTTCTCTTCTTCCTGTTATTGGTAGTTCTGAACGTTAGAT ATTTTTTTTCCATGGGGTCAAAAGGTACCTAAGTATATGATTGCGAGTGG AAAAATAGGGGACAGAAATCAGGTATTGGCAGTTTTTCCATTTTCATTTG TGTGTGAATTTTTAATATAAATGCGGAGACGTAAAGCATTAATGCAAGTT AAAATGTTTCAGTGAACAAGTTTCAGCGGTTCAACTTTATAATAATTATA
AATAAACCTGTTAAATTTTTCTGGACAATGCCAGCATTTGGATTTTTTTA AAACAAGTAAATTTCTTATTGATGGCAACTAAATGGTGTTTGTAGCATTT TTATCATACAGTAGATTCCATCCATTCACTATACTTTTCTAACTGAGTTG TCCTACATGCAAGTACATGTTTTTAATGTTGTCTGTCTTCTGTGCTGTTC CTGTAAGTTTGCTATTAAAATACATTAAACTATAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA AA XVII-77 (SEQ ID NO: 146) CAGACACCCTGAACCAGGGGGAATTCAAAGAGCTGGTGCGAAAAGATCTG CAAAATTTTCTCAAGAAGGAGAATAAGAATGAAAAGGTCATAGAACACAT CATGGAGGACCTGGACACAAATGCAGACAAGCAGCTGAGCTTCGAGGAGT TCATCATGCTGATGGCGAGGCTAACCTGGGCCTCCCACGAGAAGATGCAC GAGGGTGACGAGGGCCCTGGCCACCACCATAAGCCAGGCCTCGGGGAGGG CACCCCCTAAGACCACAGTGGCCAAGATCACAGTGGCCACGGCCACGGCC ACAGTCATGGTGGCCACGGCCACAGCCACTAATCAGGAGGCCAGGCCACC CTGCCTCTACCCAACCAGGGCCCCGGGGCCTGTTATGTCAAACTGTCTTG GCTGTGGGGCTAGGGGCTGGGGCCAAATAAAGTCTCTTCCTCCAAAAAAA XU-78 no sequence available
TABLE-US-00003 TABLE 1 Sample detail. Other disease Female Size if present/ Times Final ID Age Stage Histology Grade (mm) Nodes comments assayed prediction 1 51 II IDC 3 20 1/7 -- 2 + 2 84 II IDC 1 22 2/2 -- 2 + 3 50 I IDC (multifocal) 1 5 × 14 0 -- 1 + 4 66 I IDC 2 15 0 Rheumatic 3 + disease 5 66 II IDC 1 26 0 Epilepsy 1 + 6 47 I IDC 2 15 0 -- 2 ND 7 69 III ILC + tubular 2 + 1 50 + 3 2/19 -- 2 ND adenocarcinoma 8 50 II IDC 2 24 0 -- 2 + 9 65 I IDC 1 15 0 -- 1 - 10 63 II IDC 3 23 0 -- 1 + 11 65 IV Metastases in -- 1 - supre and infraclavicular nodes 12 52 I IDC 1 3 0 -- 2 + 13 60 II IDC 2 23 0 -- 2 + 14 54 I IDC 1 11 0 -- 2 + 15 67 0 DCIS 2 20 0 -- 3 + 16 n.a. 0 DCIS 2 9 0 -- 1 - 17 48 I IDC 2 4 0 -- 2 + 18 n.a. I IDC 2 14 0 Psoriasis 1 + 19 68 I IDC 1 7 0 -- 1 + 20 63 I IDC 1 10 0 -- 2 + 21 65 I IDC 1 11 0 Type II 3 + Diabetes 22 44 II IDC 2 25 0 -- 1 + 23 55 III IDC 1 35 0 -- 1 + 24 71 I IDC 1 8 0 -- 1 + Subgroup A2: Women with abnormal first mammography Other disease Female Breast if present/ Times Final ID Age abnormality comments assayed prediction 25 44 Benign density -- 2 + 26 46 Benign density -- 2 + 27 53 Benign microcacifications Encapsulated cyst 2 + in left knee 28 52 Benign microcacifications Cancer, large 1 ND intestine, 1992 29 45 Benign density -- 2 + 30 59 Benign tumour, Fibroadenoma -- 2 + 31 46 Benign density -- 2 + 32 46 Benign density Ulcerative colitis 2 ND since 1983 33 50 Benign density Type1 Diabetes 2 + 34 47 Benign microcacifications -- 2 + 35 46 Benign density, cyst Crohn's disease 2 + 36 n.a. Benign density Rheumatic disease 1 + 37 44 Benign microcacifications -- 2 + 38 47 Benign Density -- 2 + 39 50 Fibrosis, benign Size histology 60 mm 1 + 40 45 Benign density Type II Diabetes 2 + 41 63 Benign density, cyst. Fibromyalgi 2 + 42 44 Benign density -- 2 + 43 51 Radial scar Size histology 10 mm 1 + Subgroup A3: Women with no breast abnormality Female Times ID Age Comments assayed Predictiom 44 22 -- 2 + 45 34 Pregnant, 8 months 3 + 46 27 Pregnant, 6 months 1 + 47* 18 Week 1 2 + Week 2 1 + Week 3 1 + Week 4 2 + Week 1 1 + 48 29 Pregnant, 9 months 1 - 49 30 Breast feeding 2 + 50 26 -- 1 + 51 43 -- 1 + 52 42 -- 3 + 53 43 -- 2 + 54 34 Breast feeding 3 + 55 -- -- 1 + 56 51 Acute bacterial 1 + infection in adddition to chronic EBV infection Stage 0, in situ carcinoma; Stage I, invasive carcinoma with tumour size <20 mm; Stage II, invasive carcinoma with tumour size >20-50 mm; Stage III, invasive carcinoma with tumour size >50 mm. Stage IV, cancer spread to distant parts. IDC, invasive ductal carcinoma; DCIS, ductal carcinoma in situ; ILC, invasive lobular carcinoma. n.a., not available. ND, non-decision. *Blood samples taken at five consecutive weeks from the same female
TABLE-US-00004 TABLE 2 Details of the 35 significant genes selected by Jackknife. Clone Position Accession ID ID number Gene similarity Putative biological function UPREGULATED GENES III-2 6A no hit -- -- III-27 10M AC096970 Chromosome 3 clone RP11- -- 321A23; From sequence no. 135183-135446 III-60 14AC NM_001665 Ras homolog gene family, member Signal transduction, Kinase G (rho G) inhibitor? (RhoH has been described as a kinase inhibitor] IV-26 6N BC016857 Ferritin, heavy polypeptide 1 Iron storage; defence against ROS IV-51 10Z BC042655 Upstream transcription factor 2, Transciptional regulator USF2 VI-44 14X AC087441 Chromosome 11, From sequence -- no. 116068-116692 VI-52 14AB no hit -- -- VII-15 27E BC001431 S100 calcium binding protein A6 Defence; inhibition of caseine (calcyclin) kinase II VII-32 31M M28697 Human low-affinity IgG Fc Immune response receptor (alpha-Fc-gamma-RII) IX-24 31J BC047681 S100 calcium binding protein A9 Defence; inhibition of caseine (calgranulin B) kinase II IX-50 7Z NM_007161 Leukocyte-specific transcript 1 Defence-related XI-49 3AB BC016857 Ferritin, heavy polypeptide 1, Iron storage; defence against mRNA ROS XII-35 12Q BC009696 Interferon induced transmembrane Immune response protein 2 XII-78 24K -- -- -- XIII-84 16AP AL391903 From sequence number 75875-76710 -- XV-54 24AA BC018148 Delta sleep inducing peptide, Immune response? immunoreactor XV-86 24AQ BC047681 S100 calcium binding protein A9 Defence; inhibition of caseine (calgranulin B) kinase II XVI-74 5AK BC066901 H3 histone, family 3B (H3.3B) Chromatin-remodelling; XVII-77 20AN BC047681 S100 calcium binding protein A9 Defence; inhibition of caseine (calgranulin B) kinase II Downregulated genes I-30 21O BC009689 Cyclin D-type binding protein E2F-mediated transcription IV-41 2V BC010165 Ribosomal protein S2 Ribosome production V-09 2G BC053370 Ribosomal protein SA Ribosome production V-38 22S NM_001016 Ribosomal protein S12 Ribosome production VI-49 2AB NM_001023 Ribosomal protein S20 (RPS20) VII-48 31U M22146 Ribosomal protein S4 Ribosome production s VII-76 15AK AY495316 Cytochrome c Mitochondrial electron oxidase subunit, COX 1 transport chain IX-39 27R BC001037 Ribosomal protein L35a Ribosome production IX-46 23V BC034149 Ribosomal protein S3 Ribosome production X-77 19AM BC000514 Ribosomal protein L13a Ribosome production XI-13 19H D87735 Ribosomal protein L14 Ribosome production XI-81 3AR AF077043 60S Ribosomal protein L36 Ribosome production XII-77 20AK BC035447 Ribosomal protein S6 Ribosome production XIII-29 20N BC004465 Telomeric repeat binding factor 2, Telomere length interacting protein regulation XV-49 4AA BC018641 Eukaryotic translation elongation Protein translation factor 1 alpha 1, (EEF1A) XV-75 12AM BC019093 Guanine nucleotide binding Protein translation protein, beta polypeptide 2-like; RACKs (for 'receptors for activated C-kinase) Their position in the array, clone ID is shown as well as the accession number of sequences in public databases that match them, and their known or putative cellular function. indicates data missing or illegible when filed
TABLE-US-00005 TABLE 3 Informative probes for breast cancer-family (i) and (ii) genes Probe No. Agilent ID Oligonucleotide sequence 2 A_23_P164011 ACTCCAGACTGGGAAGACCTTTCCATTTTCAGGATCGACGCTTCACGTTGAGGGGAGGGC (SEQ ID NO 2) 3 A_23_P94111 TTACCAAACTCAAAGCTTATTTGAGTAGAATGGGCTCATGGGCAATGTGATGTTCCCTGT (SEQ ID NO 3) 5 A_23_P155009 TGTTGGTTGGAGGACAAGTGGGCACTGAGACCCTGGTGACCCATGGAAAGGGTGGGCCTG (SEQ ID NO 5) 6 A_23_P84323 TGGAGAAAGGACCCTGGACCTGTGGGTCCATCGTCCGTTCCAGGAGCAGGCAGGCTGGGG (SEQ ID NO 6) 8 A_23_P121716 TGGACATTCGAACAGAGTTCAAGAAGCATTATGGCTATTCCCTATATTCAGCAATTAAAT (SEQ ID NO 8) 10 A_23_P111037 ATCAGAAGTCCACTGAACTGCTTATTCGTAAACTACCTTTCCAGCGCCTGGTGCGCGAGA (SEQ ID NO 10) 13 A_23_P75830 TTTGTGGAAACTGTGTGTTATACTTTGTGGTATAGACTGCCTGTTTAGTATGAAGGGGCG (SEQ ID NO 13) 16 A_23_P149936 CCTCCCAGCAGTTAAGTAACTTGTGTGAAGATGGGACCCTTGTTCCTAATGGTTCTAGAA (SEQ ID NO 16) 17 A_23_P134805 CTGAATCTGTTTTGTCTTCCTAATCTATCACAATTGCCACCCATCGGGTTTTGGGTGTGT (SEQ ID NO 17) 18 A_23_P154235 CCATGTTTCTGAATCTTCTTTGTTTCAAATGGTGCTGCATGTTTTCAACTACAATAAGTG (SEQ ID NO 18) 19 A_23_P2616 ATCATTCAGAATCTGAAAAGAAATTCTTCTTATTTTCTGGGGCTGTCAGATCCAGGGGGT (SEQ ID NO 19) 20 A_23_P333484 CCACCGAGCTGCTGATCAGAAAGCTGCCTTTTCAGCGTCTGGTGCGTGAGATCGCGCAGG (SEQ ID NO 20) 24 A_23_P259874 TCTCAGAAGAATGTTGGCCATGAGACTATCATTCAGAGGAGGAGGGGATTTCTCTCTTCA (SEQ ID NO 24) 26 A_23_P206568 AATCCTGTGATTCTGTGTGTGCCTGTGTGTGTATGCTGTTAATAAGATAAGGCTGCCCAT (SEQ ID NO 26) 27 A_23_P115091 GATGGCTGAAGGAGCTCTATGACCATGCTGAAGCCACGATCGTCGTCATGCTCGTGGGTA (SEQ ID NO 27) 28 A_23_P46718 TGCATGGGGAGTACATTCATCTGGAGGCTGCGTCCTGATGAATGTCCTGTCTGCTGGGGT (SEQ ID NO 28) 29 A_23_P218456 GTTTTTGAGTTTTTGCAGTTCAGTATCCCTCTGTCTATTCACACTTCGTGTTAGTGGTAA (SEQ ID NO 29) 31 A_23_P76610 CAGTTTATGGATGTCTGGGCAATCATAGCACTTGCCATTTAAAAACATGCTACAGGGGCA (SEQ ID NO 31) 32 A_23_P206396 ATTATCAACTCACTGGTAACAACAGTATTCATGCTCATCGTATCTGTGTTGGCACTGATA (SEQ ID NO 32) 34 A_23_P56091 GAAACCGGATCGCAAGCTTCCCAGGATTCCTCTTCGTGCTGCTGGGGGTGGGAAGCATGG (SEQ ID NO 34) 35 A_23_P55184 TCAATTTCAAGGCCTCCCTGCCTCTACTAGGCGCCTTAGCTCACTATGGGGAACCACTTG (SEQ ID NO 35) 37 A_23_P150974 CAAAATAGCTACATCCCTGAACACAGTCCGGAATATTACGGCCGGACCAGGGAATCGGGA (SEQ ID NO 37) 40 A_23_P111689 TTAATTCTATTGGCTCTTAGTCACTTGGAACTGATTAATTCTGACTTTCTGTCACTAAGC (SEQ ID NO 40) 41 A_23_P58937 GTCTCAAACAGCCGAAACCTGTCTTGCAATGGGGGGAGGGGGCGTTTCGCTTTCCTTCTT (SEQ ID NO 41) 42 A_23_P74828 TTGGCTTTTAGACATTATATATATTATCAGAGAAGTAGCCTAGTGGTCGTGGGGCACAGA (SEQ ID NO 42) 45 A_23_P42168 GGAACACTGTGAAAGTTACTTGGGGAGGGTGGGCCGGTGGGGCCGTAGCTCTCTACCTCT (SEQ ID NO 45) 47 A_23_P81278 TCAGACAGAGCTTGGTAAGTGACCCCTCTTAGAACTATTTCTCCTCAGGGCCGGGTCCAG (SEQ ID NO 47) 49 A_23_P251695 AGGTTGAACTCTTTTTTGTTGCTCAAGTTCTAGGAGTCCCTTTCCTGAATATATACTTGT (SEQ ID NO 49) 52 A_23_P393645 CTACTTTAGAGTCTTCTCCAATGTCCAAAAGGCTAGGGGGTTGGAGGTGGGGACTCTGGA (SEQ ID NO 52) 53 A_23_P208683 ATAGTCATGGGTGTCATGAAAAAATACCAAATGTAAGAGAACCTCCAAGTCAGGGCGCAG (SEQ ID NO 53) 55 A_23_P72016 GACATTGAGAAGGAAAACCGGGAGGTGGGAGACTGGCGCAAGAATATCGATGCACTAAGT (SEQ ID NO 95) 58 A_23_P16915 CATATTCCATTTTTAAGAAGAGGTGTTCCAGTTCTGCATCTGATACCGTCTCCTTTCCCT (SEQ ID NO 58) 60 A_23_P37076 GAAAATCCCTTGCTATGTCTTTCCTACTAGAAATGTTCTAGAATCGCTGGACGGTGGGGT (SEQ ID NO 60) 61 A_23_P166408 TGGTGGTGGATCCTGGAATTTTCTCACGCAGGAGCCATTGCTCTCCTAGAGGGGGTCTCA (SEQ ID NO 61) 63 A_23_P94501 GGCTCTTTGTGGAGGAAACTAAACATTCCCTTGATGGTCTCAAGCTATGATCAGAAGACT (SEQ ID NO 63) 67 A_23_P94230 TGAAGCTATTTCTGGGAGCCCAGAAGAAATGCTCTTTTGCTTGGAGTTTGTCATCCTACA (SEQ ID NO 67) 68 A_23_P154037 TTGGTTTCCTCTAGGGTGATATTCGTCATTACTCTGTCTCTTCAATCCATCCAGCTAAAT (SEQ ID NO 68) 69 A_23_P47938 AAGAAAACACACCTCGGCGACAATGTCTTGCTGCTCGGATTAGGTGGGGGATGGGCGACA (SEQ ID NO 69) 70 A_23_P90743 CTGAGTTTGCCTTGTTAATCTTCAATAGTTTTACCTACCCCAGTCTTTGGAACCCTAAAT (SEQ ID NO 70) 71 A_23_P171249 AAAGTGTCAAGTGATTAAGTGTGTATTTGTACCCTAGATGATATGAACCAGCAGTCTTGT (SEQ ID NO 71) 72 A_23_P142675 TGAGCTGTTCCCTTCTCTAAGCCATAATCTCTTAGTGGATTGAGCCCTCTTGGAAAGACT (SEQ ID NO 72) 73 A_23_P153637 TGTTATTGGCCTAGAGCTACACGTATATGGGTTTGTCCTGAGTCCGTTTTCAAATGACCT (SEQ ID NO 73) 76 A_23_P76749 CCTGTTCTGTTTTTGCTTTTCCTCTTCTTGACCAAAGCATGTGCCACTAGCTGTCCTTGA (SEQ ID NO 76) 80 A_23_P169061 TTGAAGGCAAAGATCATCAATATCTGCATCTGGCTGCTGTCGTCATCTGTTGGCATCTCT (SEQ ID NO 80) 91 A_23_P206253 CGAATTGGGAGGCTTATATTTTTCAGCAAAGAAATTTTGGGGGGTTTTGTGTTGTTGGGC (SEQ ID NO 91) 95 A_23_P151995 AATAAACAACTTTGATGATGTAACTTGACCTTCCAGAGTTATGGAAATTTTGTCCCCATG (SEQ ID NO 95) 97 A_23_P138011 AGAGACCTGCAGGGGCCTCGGCCCCTCACATCGTGTATGTCTCTCCTTGATTTGTGTTGT (SEQ ID NO 97) 100 A_23_P35912 GCCAAAGCTCAAATGCCCACCATAGAACGACTGTCCATGACAAGATATTTCTACCTCTTT (SEQ ID NO 100) 101 A_23_P99424 TGGCTCCCCATCATGTATCCTCCCGATTATTGCGTATTCTAAAATAGGAAACAAGACTTT (SEQ ID NO 101) 105 A_23_P418986 GATGACACTGCCACCTCTGACTTCTGCCTCTGGCCTTCCACTCTCAGTAAGAAGAGCCAG (SEQ ID NO 105)
TABLE-US-00006 TABLE 4 Informative probes for breast cancer-non-family (i) and (ii) genes Probe No. Agilent ID 1 A_23_P366812 TTTACTTCTACCTGCTCTTCCCCAACTCCCTGAGCCTGAGTGAGCGTGTGGCCATCATCA (SEQ ID NO 1) 4 A_23_P389391 TGGGCCTCAAAATGGAGATGGATCCCAGGTCTTGTGGGACCCTGGGATGTTTGGGGACTT (SEQ ID NO 4) 7 A_23_P4096 TAATATCCCCAAACCTGAGATGAGCACTACGATGGCAGAGAGCAGCCTGTTGGACCTGCT (SEQ ID NO 7) 9 A_23 P15450 GACTGAAAAATCAGCTTTCTATTTACATGAAACACTTTGGGGGTCATGGGAGTGCACAGC (SEQ ID NO 9) 11 A_23_P379596 AGGGATAATTCAAACTGACAACCTGTGCAGTCCCGTGGAGGGTAGGGGAGTGTGGGTGAT (SEQ ID NO 11) 12 A_23_P391275 TAAATTATGATTTACTCTGTGCTGTTTCCAAATTGGGACCAGGAGAGAAATATGAACTTC (SEQ ID NO 12) 14 A_23 P124661 TCTATTATTTATAACTTCAGACTTGGGCCCCCTGTTCTTTCTTTCCCATTAACTTGAGTG (SEQ ID NO 14) 15 A_23_344257 AACATTTTACTTCTGCGCTTCTATGTTTGGGAAACATTGCTCTGATAAAAAATAGCTGTC (SEQ ID NO 15) 21 A_23_P128183 CTGAGAGTTTTTGCAGAAATGGGGCAGAGGGACACCCTTTGGGCGTGGCTTCCTGGTGAT (SEQ ID NO 21) 22 A_23_P331211 CGAGTGGCTCACTCAGAATTCTTCATTGATGGGCTAGGGACCCTACTCGTGGGGTCATGC (SEQ ID NO 22) 23 A_23_P94932 TCTGTTGATGACCTTGGATGCTGTAAAGTGATTCGTCATAGTCTCTGGGGTACCCATGTA (SEQ ID NO 23) 25 A_23_P102122 AAGCGGCTGGCAACTGAAGGCTGGAACACTTGCTACTGGATAATCGTAGCTTTTAATGTT (SEQ ID NO 25) 30 A_23_P407654 GAGGAGCTCTTTTCTAGAGAGCCGGGAGTTGGGGAGGGGGTATTTATTTTGTTATTTATT (SEQ ID NO 30) 33 A_23_P392457 CCTCTGACTGCCTCCAACGTAAAAATGTAAATATAAATTTGGTTGAGATCTGGAGGGGGG (SEQ ID NO 33) 36 A_23_P406376 GCCACACTGGCTTTAGGACCTGTTGACACGGAGGGGGGTTTTTAATTTGGTTTTTAACAA (SEQ ID NO 36) 38 A_23_P22723 AACAAACTACAGTTTTACCGTGTGTTTGCCATTTGAGCTGTGTGGTGGGCAGGGGGCTGG (SEQ ID NO 38) 39 A_23_P70258 AGAGAGGATGGCTGTATTCCTATCCCAGCTCAAGCTGCCAGCAGCAATGTTGGCTGCCCA (SEQ ID NO 39) 43 A_23_P104005 AATTTTCAAGACTTCTTTTCACTCTTTGATTTGGATCTGGCAAATTGGGGAGGGGATGCT (SEQ ID NO 43) 44 A_23_P119652 TTGCCCAACTGACCGTGGGCTGAACACACGTTCTGCTTGACTCATTTAGGGGGGAGGGAA (SEQ ID NO 44) 46 A_23_P22957 ATGAGGTGATCACTGTGTTCAGTGTTGTTGGAATGGATTCAGACTGGCTAATGGGGGAAA (SEQ ID NO 46) 48 A_23_P8072 GGGGGAGATCAGAATCGTCCAGCTGGGCTTCGACTTGGATGCCCATGGAATTATCTTCAC (SEQ ID NO 48) 50 A_23_P23346 AATCTTCTGAACGGCATAAGTCCTATTTTAGCCTTACCTCCTGCATTTGCAATACGTAAT (SEQ ID NO 50) 51 A_23_P92342 CGAACAAACAAAATACTTGGCGGGGCCCGAGAGGGCTCGTTTGGCCTATTCGTTGGGGAT (SEQ ID NO 51) 54 A_23_P153183 ACAGAAAACAGACTTGTAAAAAGCTTAGATCATCAAGTGTTTTGGATTGGGGGCCTCCCA (SEQ ID NO 54) 56 A_23_P157231 TGCAGAATGCATAAGATGAACATTGCATGACCGGATCATTTTAGTGTCTTTGCGTTAAAA (SEQ ID NO 56) 57 A_23_P103282 TGAAGATCATGAAGAAGCAGGGCCTCTACCTACAAAAGTGAATCTTGCTCATTCTGAAAT (SEQ ID NO 57) 59 A_23_P109462 CTGGATGTTTACCTGGAGACCGAGAGCCATGACGACAGTGTGGAGGGGCCCAAGGAATTT (SEQ ID NO 59) 62 A_23_P395460 TTAATGCTTTATACTGCCGAGTCTGGGGGCTTGTTTTGGTTTGGGGGCAGCCATCCTCCA (SEQ ID NO 62) 64 A_23_P418485 TCTAGGACTAATTCACACTGCAACAAAGGGGCTGATTAGAGCTTTTGAAGATGGGGGGAT (SEQ ID NO 64) 65 A_23_P215111 GACTTAACCACGTCAGAGGAAGGACTTTGGCAAGTGATATTGTCTTCATGTGGGGTATTA (SEQ ID NO 65) 66 A_23_P19543 CTGTCAAATTGCCACGATCTCACTAAAGGATTTCTATTTGCTGTCAGTTAAAAATAAAGC (SEQ ID NO 66) 74 A_23_P18317 TCATCTGCACTCAACATTTAATCGTGTCCTTGCTGTCTTTTTATTTTCCTTTTTGTTTGT (SEQ ID NO 74) 75 A_23_P89369 GCGGGAGGAGCGGCCGCTGATGGTGTTCAACGTGAAGTAGCGCCCGCGCAGGGCGGGGCA (SEQ ID NO 75) 77 A_23_P330561 CTGTCTCCCTGTTTGTGTAAACATACTAGAGTATACTGCGGCGTGTTTTCTGTCTACCCA (SEQ ID NO 77) 78 A_23_P206103 GAGAGTTTCTTTTAAATAATCAGCGGGTGTTGGTGATTTGTAGCCCTTCTGCCCTTAAAT (SEQ ID NO 78) 79 A_23_P98042 ATACTTTGTGAGTTCACCTGTCTTTATACTCAAAAGTGTCCCTTAATAGTGTCCTTGCCC (SEQ ID NO 79) 81 A_23_P166453 ACCTTTGAATTTGCGGATGCTGAGGAGGATGATGAGGTCAAGGTGTGAGGGGCTGGGGCA (SEQ ID NO 81) 82 A_23 P432554 TATTAGACTATGTCATCAATTTTTGCAAAGGTAAATTTGACTTCCTTGAACGGCTCTCAG (SEQ ID NO 82) 83 A_23_P368028 AAATACTGGGTGGCTTGGTTTAGAGCTAATTGTAGTGGAAGCCTGCAAGGTTGAGGGGTG (SEQ ID NO 83) 84 A_23_P213334 ACTCACTATGGCCAGAAAGCAATCTTGTTTCTCCCCCTGCCAGTCTCTTCTGATTAAAGA (SEQ ID NO 84) 85 A_23_P102113 AACAAATATTTATTTTGCACTCTCTTTGCGGCACTCTGGGGGCGGTGGGGTGCGTGGGGG (SEQ ID NO 85) 86 A_23_P319682 CAAGTTGTCACTGGAGATGCGCGCGGACTTGGCCCAAAACGTGCTTCTCTGCGGTGGGTC (SE0 ID NO 86) 87 A_23_P104471 GATTTCCCTGACCCAATTCAGAGATTCTTTATGCAAAAGTGAGTTCAGTCCATCTCTATA (SEQ ID NO 87) 88 A_23_P118749 GAAGGACTCGGTGATACCCACTGGGATCTTTTATCCTTTGTTGCAAAAGTGTGGACACTT (SEQ ID NO 88) 89 A_23_P420879 CAGGGCAACTCAAAGAATGTTCTGCTGGCATGTCCTATGAACATGTACCCGCATGGACGC (SEQ ID NO 89) 90 A_23_P29816 GAGAAAAGCAAAGCTCTTTCTTATTTTCCTCATAATCAGCTACCCTGGAGGGGAGGGAGA (SEQ ID NO 90) 92 A_23_P41992 TGAAATGCTGGAAGGGTTCTTCTCCCACAACCCCTGCCTCACGGAGGCCATTGCAGCTAA (SEQ ID NO 92) 93 A_23_P75479 AGACCTCGGTGATCACTGAGGGATTTCCGCGAGCTCGGCCTCACTTCTGCCCCGACTTGT (SEQ ID NO 93) 94 A_23_P307940 CTACAAGATTGGCAAAGAGATGCAGAATGCATAAGATGAACATTGCATGACCGGATCATT (SEQ ID NO 94) 96 A_23_P98910 AGGTTCTCAGAATGACCGTAAGATAGCTTACATTTCCTCTTTTTGCCTTTATCTCCCCAA (SEQ ID NO 96) 98 A_23_P149736 CCGTTTTGTTTCTGCTCAGTAATATAGTCAAGCAAGTTTGTTCCAAGTGACCCATTGAGC (SEQ ID NO 98) 99 A_23_P320250 AAATTGGCGCTGGAATTTGGGCTGGGAAAAATCTTGTGGTTATTTCCTTTAAAAAGGAAC (SEQ ID NO 99) 102 A_23_P55123 TCACGTTAACATATAGACACTGTTGGAAGCAGTTCCTTCTAAAAGGGTAGCCCTGGACTT (SEQ ID NO 102) 103 A_23_P251825 CTATGACACCTTTAAGGAGGTTCTTGGATCAGGGATGCAGTACCCACTTGCAGTCAAAAT (SEQ ID NO 103) 104 A_23_P109864 TGTGGGTGTCCAGCATCTTCTTCTTCCTTCCTGTCTTCTGTCTCACGGTCCTCTACAGTC (SEQ ID NO 104) 106 A_23_P428875 GTCGCCTGGGATTTTCATCCCTCGCACAAGGACTACGGGTTCACACGGTGAACTGGGGGA (SEQ ID NO 106) 107 A_23_P73468 GCCATAAGAAATTTGACAAGATGGTGGACACTCCTGCCTCCGAGCCTGCCCAAGCCTCCA (SEQ ID NO 107) 108 A_23_P106532 AAGGCCTTTGAGGTTGTGACTGTGGCTGGTATATCTGGCTGCCATTTTTCTGATGCATTT (SEQ ID NO 108) 109 A_23_P112251 AGAATTCTTAACTTCACAAGTGTTTTACTTCGACGATGTGCCTTTGATTTAATTTGGGAC (SEQ ID NO 109) 110 A_23_P313330 TCATTAGACATCGGGGATTTCACTCTGCAGAGTAATCCTGGAACTACATTAAAGTGGGGG (SEQ ID NO 110) 111 A_23_P27414 TGCGGGAAGCCTTTCAGCCACCGTTGCAACCTCAACGAGCACCAGAAGCGGCACGGGGGC (SEQ ID NO 111)
112 A_23_P210981 TTGTAGGACTTAATGGCTAAGAATTAGAACATAGCAAGGGGGCTCCTCTGTTGGAGTAAT (SEQ ID NO 112)
TABLE-US-00007 TABLE 5 Informative genes for breast cancer - family (i) and (ii) genes Probe Accession Accession No. No. 1 No. 2 Gene similarity and putative biological function Transcription factors (family (i)) 2 NM_006942 AB006867 SRY (sex determining region Y)-box 20, a member of the SRY-related HMG box containing family of transcription factors 3 NM_002095 X63469 General transcription factor IIE 2 (34 kDa subunit), beta subunit of RNA polymerase II transcription factor TFIIE, required for transcription initiation, interacts with activators and DNA repair proteins, may play a role in transcription-coupled repair 6 NM_018942 M99587 H6 homeo box 1, a member of the homeodomain-containing family of DNA binding proteins, a transcriptional repressor that can antagonize mouse Nkx2-5 mediated transcriptional activation 26 BC026031.1 T-box 6, member of the T-box DNA binding domain family of transcription factors, may be involved in embryonic paraxial mesoderm formation and somitogenesis 45 NM_005586 U78313 MyoD family inhibitor, a putative transcriptional repressor that negatively regulates myogenesis 69 NM_014212 AJ000041 Homeobox C11, a homeodomain-containing transcription factor, may activate HNF1alpha (TCF1)-dependent transcription, may function in early development and differentiation of the intestine; NUP98-HOXC11 fusion protein is involved in myeloid malignancies 105 NM_004348 Homo sapiens runt-related transcription factor 2 (RUNX2), mRNA Defence-related genes (family (ii)) 63 NM_000700 BC035993 Annexin I, a calcium-dependent phospholipid-binding protein that inhibits phospholipase A2 and has anti- inflammatory activity, involved in the response to stress; associated with the early onset of tumorigenesis in esophageal and prostate carcinoma 8 NM_005139 M63310 Annexin A3 (lipocortin III), a member of the annexin family of calcium-dependent phospholipid-binding proteins, binds choline, helps regulate membrane fusion and permeability, and phagocytosis 13 BC007022.1 Serum amyloid A1, an acute phase apolipoprotein that acts in leukocyte chemotaxis and induces matrix metalloproteases, may play a role in rheumatoid arthritis, atherosclerosis, reactive systemic AA amyloidosis, Alzheimers disease and multiple sclerosis 18 NM_004688 BC001268 N myc (and STAT) interactor, protein that interacts with N-myc (MYCN) and STAT proteins, augments IL2- and IFNgamma-responsive transcription by promoting association of CBP/p300 with STAT proteins, may aid BCRA1 to suppress breast cancer carcinogenesis 19 NM_203503 AF325460 C-type (calcium dependent, carbohydrate-recognition domain) lectin superfamily member 11, a dendritic cell glycoprotein that inhibits interferon alpha and beta induction and may mediate antigen capture for initiation of T cell-dependent immune responses 27 NM_020387 AF274025 Protein with high similarity to Ras p21-like small GTP-binding protein 11a (human RAB11A), which is a putative GTPase that is involved in phagocytosis and possibly vesicle transport, member of the Ras superfamily of GTP- binding proteins 29 NM_012218 AJ271747 Interleukin enhancer binding factor 3, a subunit of NF-AT, acts as a positive or negative transcriptional regulator, required for T-cell expression of IL2, possibly involved in mRNA processing, inhibition of translation, host defence and autoimmunity 32 NM_181640 BC004380 Chemokine-like factor 1, a secreted chemoattractant for leukocytes, neutrophils, monocytes and lymphocytes, stimulates inflammatory response and muscle stem cell proliferation and proliferation, plays a role in the regulation of myogenesis 37 NM_153633 X07495 Homeobox C4, a member of the homeobox family of DNA binding proteins, may play a role in the regulation of lymphocyte activation and lineage determination during hematopoiesis 61 NM_020530 BC011589 Oncostatin M, a member of the interleukin-6 cytokine family, produced by activated monocytes and T- lymphocytes, regulates cell growth and differentiation through activation of the JAK-STAT and MAPK pathways, regulates Kaposis sarcoma cell growth 67 NM_015364 AB018549 MD-2 protein, part of a lipopolysaccharide receptor complex, contributes to lipopolysaccharide and Toll-like receptor 4 (Tlr4) signalling, may play a role in the cellular defence response 80 NM_000912 L37362 Kappa opioid receptor 1, a G protein-coupled receptor that signals through an inhibitory G protein, may modulate sensory perception such as pain; altered expression is associated with Alzheimer disease; agonist stimulation may suppress HIV infections 95 NM_004049 U29680 BCL2-related protein A1, a member of the Bcl-2 family of apoptosis regulators, inhibits apoptosis, promotes tumorigenesis, and may play a protective role during inflammation 17 NM_003580 BC041124 Neutral sphingomyelinase (N-Smase) activation associated factor, mediates tumor necrosis factor receptor CD40 (TNFRSF5) induction of N-Smase, involved in TNF alpha mediated induction of apoptosis, binds to the TNF receptor TNF-R55 (TNFRSF1A) 34 NM_144615 BC015655 Protein containing an immunoglobulin (Ig) domain, which may be involved in protein-protein and protein-ligand interactions Chromatin remodelling (family (ii)) 10 NM_003529 BC067491 H3 histone family member A, a component of nucleosomes, along with core histones H2A, H2B, H4 and DNA 20 NM_003536 BC062305 Homo sapiens histone 1, H3h (H1ST1H3H), mRNA 31 NM_018282 AK090873 Paraspeckle protein 1, a putative RNA-binding protein containing two RNA binding (RRM) domains, moves between the paraspeckle interchromatin space compartment and the nucleolus and interacts with the nucleolus in a transcription-dependent fashion Ribosomal biogenesis (family (i)) 16 AK024156 Protein of unknown function, has moderate similarity to a region of S. cerevisiae Bms1p, which is involved in rRNA processing and 40S ribosomal subunit biogenesis Protein metabolism (family (i)) 52 NM_139026 AY358118 Homo sapiens a disintegrin-like and metalloprotease (reprolysin type) with thrombospondin type 1 motif, 13 (ADAMTS13), transcript variant 1, mRNA 72 NM_012100 AK001777 Cytosolic aspartyl aminopeptidase, a member of the M18 family of metalloproteases, has a substrate preference for N-terminal aspartyl and glutamyl residues and may be involved in intracellular peptide metabolism 100 NM_001225 U28979 Caspase 4, a member of the ICE cysteine protease family that is involved in the induction of apoptosis; inhibition by the cowpox virus Serpin CrmA may facilitate infection by inhibiting apoptosis 101 NM_003291 AK097678 Tripeptidyl peptidase II, a serine exopeptidase that may act in non-proteasomal protein turnover, neuropeptides and MHC class I antigens are substrates, acts in Shigella-activated apoptosis, upregulated in Burkitts lymphoma cells overexpressing MYC 5 NM_012265 BC002705 Member of the rhomboid family of integral membrane proteins, contains a UBA (ubiquitin associated) or TS-N domain 55 M64247.1 Protein with very strong similarity to cardiac troponin I (mouse Tnni3), which is the inhibitory subunit of troponin, member of the troponin family, which regulates calcium-induced muscle contraction 76 BC036812 Protein with high similarity to UDP-N-acetyl-alpha-D-galactosamine: polypeptide N- acetylgalactosaminyltransferase (human GALNT2), member of the glycosyl transferase family 2, contains 2 QXW (ricin B) lectin repeat domains Oxidative stress (family (ii)) 58 NM_012413 X71125 Glutaminyl-peptide cyclotransferase (glutaminyl cyclase), expressed in the pituitary, expression in lens epithelium is downregulated during oxidative stress 68 NM_001159 L11005 Aldehyde oxidase, a molybdenum-containing flavoenzyme involved in oxygen radical, xenobiotic, and drug metabolism; candidate gene for the cause of the autosomal recessive form of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis 60 NM_004873 AK023145 BCL2 associated athanogene 5, contains a BAG domain, predicted to regulate Hsc70/Hsp70 proteins by binding to their ATPase domains via its BAG domain Protein secretion (Protein synthesis - family (i)) 24 NM_012430 AF100749 Sec22 homolog, a member of the SEC22 family of vesicle trafficking proteins, may be involved in protein trafficking from the endoplasmic reticulm to the Golgi apparatus 28 M65199 Endothelin 2, a member of a family of vasoactive peptide hormones, involved in blood pressure regulation, inhibits prolactin secretion, may act in cell growth related to heart development; locus amplification correlates with hypertension 35 NM_001661 L38490 ADP-ribosylation factor 4-like, a GTPase and member of the ADP-ribosylation factor family, may be involved in vesicular intracellular transport and protein secretion 41 BC028121 Protein with high similarity to translocating chain-associating membrane protein (human TRAM), which is a putative endoplasmic reticulum receptor that stimulates translocation of secretory proteins, member of the longevity-assurance protein (LAG1) family 42 NM_030772 AF271261 Member of the connexin family of gap junction channel proteins, which allow for intercellular passage of molecules, has moderate similarity to gap junction protein alpha 1 (connexin 43, human GJA1), which is associated with visceroatrial heterotaxia 49 NM_013248 AK026360 NTF2-like export protein 1, binds RAN, functions in the CRM1 (XPO1)-dependent nuclear export pathway 53 NM_012346 Nuclear pore glycoprotein p62, a component of the nuclear pore, may be involved in nucleocytoplasmic transport, targeted for degradation during poliovirus infection 73 NM_032139 AL136784 Protein containing a vacuolar sorting protein 9 (VPS9) domain and eight ankyrin (Ank) repeats, has a region of low similarity to a region of C. elegans UNC-44, which is required for axonal guidance and proper axon fasciculation 91 AB010419.1 Core-binding factor runt domain alpha subunit 2 translocated 3, member of the MTG8 (ETO/CDR) protein family, putative transcription factor; fusion of the corresponding gene to RUNX1 is seen in acute myeloid leukemia 97 AL137537 Protein with high similarity to aminophospholipid ATPase transporter (familial intrahepatic cholestasis 1, human ATP8B1), which is associated with familial intrahepatic cholestasis, member of the haloacid dehalogenase or epoxide hydrolase family B-cell morphogenesis (immune response, family (ii)) 70 NM_002909 M27190 Regenerating islet-derived 1 alpha (pancreatic stone protein), induces pancreatic beta cell regeneration, ameliorates diabetes in animals, aberrant expression is associated with chronic calcifying pancreatitis and colon carcinogenesis 71 NM_001551 BC004137 Immunoglobulin binding protein 1, may be involved in IgG receptor-mediated B cell signal transduction 40 AC007032 Pre-B cell colony-enhancing factor, a cytokine that synergizes the colony formation activity of stem cell factor (KITLG) and interleukin 7 (IL7) in early B-lineage cells; may play a role in infection-induced preterm birth and primary colorectal cancer Immune response (family (ii)) 47 NM_152547 AK057097 Protein with low similarity to B7 homolog 3 (human B7-H3), which is a costimulatory molecule for T-cells that positively regulates proliferation and interferon-gamma synthesis and is induced by inflammatory cytokines Accession numbers 1 and 2 provide alternative accession numbers for the gene. The relevant sequence may be identified in the NCBI database (www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov).
TABLE-US-00008 TABLE 6 Informative genes for breast cancer - non-family (i) and (ii) genes Probe Accession Accession No. No. 1 No. 2 Gene similarity and putative biological function Channels and pumps 1 NM_001651 BC034356 Homo sapiens aquaporin 5 (AQP5), mRNA 4 NM_005072 AF054506 Homo sapiens solute carrier family 12 (potassium/chloride transporters), member 4 (SLC12A4), mRNA 11 NM_004983 U52152 Homo sapiens potassium inwardly-rectifying channel, subfamily J, member 9 (KCNJ9), mRNA 38 BC047580 Plasma membrane Ca2+ transport ATPase 3, predicted to be involved in calcium transport, expressed predominantly in the brain 107 NM_174873 AF260427 Purinergic receptor P2X2, a cation channel gated by extracellular ATP that is involved in calcium ion transport and signal transduction 65 NM_130840 AK055789 ATPase (H+ transporting) lysosomal V0 subunit A isoform 4, non-catalytic accessory subunit 1B of the vacuolar proton pump 44 AC004659 Excitatory amino acid transporter 4 (solute carrier family 1 member 6), a high-affinity glutamate and aspartate transporter with ligand-gated chloride channel activity, likely regulates excitatory neurotransmission within the cerebellum 74 NM_017836 AK000480 Member of the divalent cation transporter family, which may transport Mg2+ or other divalent cations into the cell, has high similarity to uncharacterized human DKFZP434K0427 Putative kinase or kinase-interacting proteins 48 NM_032454 L26260 Serine threonine kinase 19, a manganese-dependent protein kinase that localizes mostly to the nucleus 54 AK056549 Membrane-associated guanylate kinase-interacting protein 1, protein with strong similarity to rat Maguin1, which contains SAM, PDZ, and PH domains and interacts with synaptic scaffolding kinases S-SCAM and PSD-95/SAP90 66 NM_003137 BC038292 Protein kinase for the serine- and arginine-rich (SR) family of RNA splicing factors, probably acts to control localization of the splicing factors within the nucleus; may play a role in determining sensitivity to cisplatin, a widely used anti-cancer agent 78 NM_015518 BC056423 Protein containing a protein kinase domain, has moderate similarity to a region of unc-51-like kinase 1 (mouse Ulk1), which is a protein kinase involved in the early steps of cerebellar granule cell neurite extension and may act in signaling cascades 81 NM_007061 BC009356 Marrow-stromal-endothelial serum constituent protein, contains a nonkinase CRIB (Cdc42/Rac interactive-binding) domain, binds CDC42 in a GTP-dependent manner, functions in cytoskeleton reorganization and possibly Rac protein signal transduction 109 NM_004125 BC016319 Guanine nucleotide-binding protein gamma subunit 10, putative component of heterotrimeric G protein complexes that are involved in signal transduction, interacts with G protein beta 1 (GNB1) and beta 2 (GNB2) and with murine kinase suppressor of Ras Metabolism 7 NM_000717 M83670 Carbonic anhydrase IV, catalyzes the reversible hydration of carbon dioxide to form bicarbonate and a proton, plays a role in pH regulation, may act in renal bicarbonate absorption, deficiency may be associated with pure proximal renal tubular acidosis 22 NM_153446 AJ517771 Homo sapiens beta 1,4 N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase (GALGT2), mRNA 102 NM_001303 U09466 Heme A: farnesyltransferase, a farnesyltransferase required for the biosynthesis of heme A; deficiency or disruption of the gene may be associated with hereditary neuropathy with liability to pressure palsies and Charcot Marie Tooth disease type 1 108 NM_130468 BC023653 Dermatan-4-sulfotransferase-1, catalyzes the transfer of a sulfate to the C-4 hydroxyl of N-acetylgalactosamine of dermatan in dermatan sulfate biosynthesis Cancer-related 21 NM_145897 D89667 Prefoldin 5, a component of the prefoldin chaperone complex involved in delivery of unfolded proteins to cytosolic chaperonin, interacts with and may repress activation of MYC; candidate tumor suppressor commonly substituted in cancer cells 56 NM_006136 BC005338 Capping protein Z-line (alpha 2), subunit of an actin-binding protein that may play a role in cell motility; corresponding gene is amplified in malignant gliomas and may be involved in tumorigenesis 79 NM_004728.1 DEAD-H (Asp-Glu-Ala-Asp/His) box polypeptide 21, an RNA helicase that is inhibited by the anticancer drug adriamycin, an RNA foldase that introduces an intramolecular secondary structure in ssRNA, an autoantigen in watermelon stomach disease 83 AF010315 Homo sapiens tumor protein p53 inducible protein 11 (TP53I11), mRNA 84 NM_033137 X65779 Fibroblast growth factor 1 (acidic), a mitogen and apoptosis inhibitor involved in cell migration, embryogenesis; organ development, and angiogenesis 85 NM_025216 AK024363 Wingless-type MMTV integration site family member 10a, member of the wnt family, may be involved in signal transduction and carcinogenesis; overproduced in some esophageal, gastric, and colorectal cancer 93 NM_021070 AF318354 Protein containing eight epidermal growth factor (EGF)-like domains and two TGF binding protein domains, has strong similarity to a region of latent transforming growth factor binding protein 3 (mouse Ltbp3) 103 NM_001550 BC001272 Protein with strong similarity to rat Rn.3723, which is induced by nerve growth factor (NGF), plays a role in muscle differentiation, and is expressed in proliferating and differentiating tissues 104 NM_198407 U60179 Growth hormone secretagogue receptor, a G protein-coupled receptor which binds ghrelin (GHRL) and synthetic growth hormone secretagogues, may regulate growth hormone secretion, elevated expression may be associated with endocrine tumors 88 NM_016041 BC010890 F-LAN-1, protein upregulated in hepatocarcinomas, involved in the positive regulation of cell proliferation Actin-related 25 NM_005731 U50523 Actin related protein 2/3 complex subunit 2, component of the Arp2/3 complex, which is involved in assembly of the actin cytoskeleton, interacts directly with ARPC4, possibly as an early intermediate in Arp2/3 complex formation 98 NM_006135 BX648738 Capping protein muscle Z-line alpha 1, an actin capping protein that regulates actin polymerization and may contribute to barbed-end actin capping, cell motility, sarcomere organization, and muscle function 94 NM_006136 U03269 Homo sapiens capping protein (actin filament) muscle Z-line, alpha 2 (CAPZA2), mRNA Cell differentiation 39 NM_001858 U09279 Alpha 1 subunit of type XIX collagen, member of the FACIT family of collagens, may be involved in cell differentiation; alternatively spliced in rhabdomyosarcoma cells 50 NM_006818 AK056089 ALL1-fused gene from chromosome 1q, protein expressed in thymus, hematopoietic and leukemic cell lines; corresponding gene is the site of chromosomal translocations involving MLL and resulting in acute myelomonocytic leukemia 51 NM_006168 NK homeobox family 6 A, a member of the homeodomain family of DNA binding proteins that regulate gene expression and participate in control of cell differentiation, contains highly conserved NK decapeptide and homeodomain regions 92 NM_001496 AY359037 GDNF family receptor alpha 3, a glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-linked orphan member of the GDNF/neurturin/persephin receptor family, highly expressed in the developing peripheral nervous system and in adult sensory and sympathetic ganglia Other functions 46 NM_016009 AK001954 SH3-domain GRB2-like endophilin B1, contains a Src homology 3 (SH3) domain in the C terminus and may act as a regulator of the BAX apoptotic signaling pathway 89 NM_021724 M24898 Homo sapiens nuclear receptor subfamily 1, group D, member 1 (NR1D1), mRNA 96 NM_006152 U10485 Lymphoid-restricted membrane protein, a membrane protein of the cytoplasmic side of the endoplasmic reticulum 90 NM_016364 BC009778 Phosphatidylserine-specific phospholipase A1, hydrolyzes fatty acids at the sn-1 position of phosphatidylserine and 1-acyl-2-lysophosphatidylserine, plays a role in regulation of phosphatidylserine or lysophosphatidylserine-mediated functions 87 NM_015900 BC047703 Dual specificity phosphatase 13, may dephosphorylate phosphotyrosine, phosphoserine, and phosphothreonine residues, may play a role in regulation of meiosis and, or differentiation of testicular germ cells Unknown function 9 NM_018286 AK095175 Protein of unknown function 12 NM_013441 AF176117 Homo sapiens Down syndrome critical region gene 1-like 2 (DSCR1L2), mRNA 14 NM_148415 Protein with moderate similarity to SCA2 (Ataxin-2), which is associated with spinocerebellar ataxia type 2 15 NM_017845 BC015145 Protein of unknown function, has high similarity to uncharacterized mouse D5Buc26e 23 NM_015702 BC022859 Protein of unknown function, has high similarity to uncharacterized mouse 2010311D03Rik 30 NM_173564 AK124773 Homo sapiens hypothetical protein FLJ37538 (FLJ37538), mRNA 33 NM_002336 AK074543 Homo sapiens low density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 6 (LRP6), mRNA 36 NM_152383 BC036113 Homo sapiens hypothetical protein MGC42174 (MGC42174), mRNA 43 NM_020141 AF164793 Protein of unknown function, has high similarity to uncharacterized C. elegans K07F5.15 57 NM_004872 BC016374 Protein of unknown function, has strong similarity to uncharacterized mouse ORF18 59 NM_003678 AK025385 Protein of unknown function, has very strong similarity to uncharacterized mouse Fmip 62 NM_004321 BX537556 Homo sapiens hypothetical protein BC009491 (LOC151568), mRNA 64 NM_152587 BC029536 Homo sapiens hypothetical protein MGC33948 (MGC33948), mRNA 75 BC030200.1 Protein of unknown function, has low similarity to uncharacterized mouse D430039N05Rlk 77 NM_174918 BC035847 Homo sapiens hypothetical protein LOC199675 (LOC199675), mRNA 82 NM_174899 BC033935 Homo sapiens hypothetical protein LOC130888 (LOC130888), mRNA 86 NM_178525 AY248901 Homo sapiens hypothetical protein MGC33407 (MGC33407), mRNA 99 NM_025109 AL133017 Homo sapiens hypothetical protein FLJ22865 (FLJ22865), mRNA 106 NM_152362 AK024161 Homo sapiens hypothetical protein MGC17791 (MGC17791), mRNA 110 XM_088567 Unknown 111 NM_198458 AK126727 Unknown 112 BC054888 Unknown Accession numbers are as defined in Table 5
146160DNAUnknownprobe 1 1tttacttcta cctgctcttc cccaactccc tgagcctgag tgagcgtgtg gccatcatca 60260DNAUnknownprobe 2 2actccagact gggaagacct ttccattttc aggatcgacg cttcacgttg aggggagggc 60360DNAUnknownprobe 3 3ttaccaaact caaagcttat ttgagtagaa tgggctcatg ggcaatgtga tgttccctgt 60460DNAUnknownprobe 4 4tgggcctcaa aatggagatg gatcccaggt cttgtgggac cctgggatgt ttggggactt 60560DNAUnknownprobe 5 5tgttggttgg aggacaagtg ggcactgaga ccctggtgac ccatggaaag ggtgggcctg 60660DNAUnknownprobe 6 6tggagaaagg accctggacc tgtgggtcca tcgtccgttc caggagcagg caggctgggg 60760DNAUnknownprobe 7 7taatatcccc aaacctgaga tgagcactac gatggcagag agcagcctgt tggacctgct 60860DNAUnknownprobe 8 8tggacattcg aacagagttc aagaagcatt atggctattc cctatattca gcaattaaat 60960DNAUnknownprobe 9 9gactgaaaaa tcagctttct atttacatga aacactttgg gggtcatggg agtgcacagc 601060DNAUnknownprobe 10 10atcagaagtc cactgaactg cttattcgta aactaccttt ccagcgcctg gtgcgcgaga 601160DNAUnknownprobe 11 11agggataatt caaactgaca acctgtgcag tcccgtggag ggtaggggag tgtgggtgat 601260DNAUnknownprobe 12 12taaattatga tttactctgt gctgtttcca aattgggacc aggagagaaa tatgaacttc 601360DNAUnknownprobe 13 13tttgtggaaa ctgtgtgtta tactttgtgg tatagactgc ctgtttagta tgaaggggcg 601460DNAUnknownprobe 14 14tctattattt ataacttcag acttgggccc cctgttcttt ctttcccatt aacttgagtg 601560DNAUnknownprobe 15 15aacattttac ttctgcgctt ctatgtttgg gaaacattgc tctgataaaa aatagctgtc 601660DNAUnknownprobe 16 16cctcccagca gttaagtaac ttgtgtgaag atgggaccct tgttcctaat ggttctagaa 601760DNAUnknownprobe 17 17ctgaatctgt tttgtcttcc taatctatca caattgccac ccatcgggtt ttgggtgtgt 601860DNAUnknownprobe 18 18ccatgtttct gaatcttctt tgtttcaaat ggtgctgcat gttttcaact acaataagtg 601960DNAUnknownprobe 19 19atcattcaga atctgaaaag aaattcttct tattttctgg ggctgtcaga tccagggggt 602060DNAUnknownprobe 20 20ccaccgagct gctgatcaga aagctgcctt ttcagcgtct ggtgcgtgag atcgcgcagg 602160DNAUnknownprobe 21 21ctgagagttt ttgcagaaat ggggcagagg gacacccttt gggcgtggct tcctggtgat 602260DNAUnknownprobe 22 22cgagtggctc actcagaatt cttcattgat gggctaggga ccctactcgt ggggtcatgc 602360DNAUnknownprobe 23 23tctgttgatg accttggatg ctgtaaagtg attcgtcata gtctctgggg tacccatgta 602460DNAUnknownprobe 24 24tctcagaaga atgttggcca tgagactatc attcagagga ggaggggatt tctctcttca 602560DNAUnknownprobe 25 25aagcggctgg caactgaagg ctggaacact tgctactgga taatcgtagc ttttaatgtt 602660DNAUnknownprobe 26 26aatcctgtga ttctgtgtgt gcctgtgtgt gtatgctgtt aataagataa ggctgcccat 602760DNAUnknownprobe 27 27gatggctgaa ggagctctat gaccatgctg aagccacgat cgtcgtcatg ctcgtgggta 602860DNAUnknownprobe 28 28tgcatgggga gtacattcat ctggaggctg cgtcctgatg aatgtcctgt ctgctggggt 602960DNAUnknownprobe 29 29gtttttgagt ttttgcagtt cagtatccct ctgtctattc acacttcgtg ttagtggtaa 603060DNAUnknownprobe 30 30gaggagctct tttctagaga gccgggagtt ggggaggggg tatttatttt gttatttatt 603160DNAUnknownprobe 31 31cagtttatgg atgtctgggc aatcatagca cttgccattt aaaaacatgc tacaggggca 603260DNAUnknownprobe 32 32attatcaact cactggtaac aacagtattc atgctcatcg tatctgtgtt ggcactgata 603360DNAUnknownprobe 33 33cctctgactg cctccaacgt aaaaatgtaa atataaattt ggttgagatc tggagggggg 603460DNAUnknownprobe 34 34gaaaccggat cgcaagcttc ccaggattcc tcttcgtgct gctgggggtg ggaagcatgg 603560DNAUnknownprobe 35 35tcaatttcaa ggcctccctg cctctactag gcgccttagc tcactatggg gaaccacttg 603660DNAUnknownprobe 36 36gccacactgg ctttaggacc tgttgacacg gaggggggtt tttaatttgg tttttaacaa 603760DNAUnknownprobe 37 37caaaatagct acatccctga acacagtccg gaatattacg gccggaccag ggaatcggga 603860DNAUnknownprobe 38 38aacaaactac agttttaccg tgtgtttgcc atttgagctg tgtggtgggc agggggctgg 603960DNAUnknownprobe 39 39agagaggatg gctgtattcc tatcccagct caagctgcca gcagcaatgt tggctgccca 604060DNAUnknownprobe 40 40ttaattctat tggctcttag tcacttggaa ctgattaatt ctgactttct gtcactaagc 604160DNAUnknownprobe 41 41gtctcaaaca gccgaaacct gtcttgcaat ggggggaggg ggcgtttcgc tttccttctt 604260DNAUnknownprobe 42 42ttggctttta gacattatat atattatcag agaagtagcc tagtggtcgt ggggcacaga 604360DNAUnknownprobe 43 43aattttcaag acttcttttc actctttgat ttggatctgg caaattgggg aggggatgct 604460DNAUnknownprobe 44 44ttgcccaact gaccgtgggc tgaacacacg ttctgcttga ctcatttagg ggggagggaa 604560DNAUnknownprobe 45 45ggaacactgt gaaagttact tggggagggt gggccggtgg ggccgtagct ctctacctct 604660DNAUnknownprobe 46 46atgaggtgat cactgtgttc agtgttgttg gaatggattc agactggcta atgggggaaa 604760DNAUnknownprobe 47 47tcagacagag cttggtaagt gacccctctt agaactattt ctcctcaggg ccgggtccag 604860DNAUnknownprobe 48 48gggggagatc agaatcgtcc agctgggctt cgacttggat gcccatggaa ttatcttcac 604960DNAUnknownprobe 49 49aggttgaact cttttttgtt gctcaagttc taggagtccc tttcctgaat atatacttgt 605060DNAUnknownprobe 50 50aatcttctga acggcataag tcctatttta gccttacctc ctgcatttgc aatacgtaat 605160DNAUnknownprobe 51 51cgaacaaaca aaatacttgg cggggcccga gagggctcgt ttggcctatt cgttggggat 605260DNAUnknownprobe 52 52ctactttaga gtcttctcca atgtccaaaa ggctaggggg ttggaggtgg ggactctgga 605360DNAUnknownprobe 53 53atagtcatgg gtgtcatgaa aaaataccaa atgtaagaga acctccaagt cagggcgcag 605460DNAUnknownprobe 54 54acagaaaaca gacttgtaaa aagcttagat catcaagtgt tttggattgg gggcctccca 605560DNAUnknownprobe 55 55gacattgaga aggaaaaccg ggaggtggga gactggcgca agaatatcga tgcactaagt 605660DNAUnknownprobe 56 56tgcagaatgc ataagatgaa cattgcatga ccggatcatt ttagtgtctt tgcgttaaaa 605760DNAUnknownprobe 57 57tgaagatcat gaagaagcag ggcctctacc tacaaaagtg aatcttgctc attctgaaat 605860DNAUnknownprobe 58 58catattccat ttttaagaag aggtgttcca gttctgcatc tgataccgtc tcctttccct 605960DNAUnknownprobe 59 59ctggatgttt acctggagac cgagagccat gacgacagtg tggaggggcc caaggaattt 606060DNAUnknownprobe 60 60gaaaatccct tgctatgtct ttcctactag aaatgttcta gaatcgctgg acggtggggt 606160DNAUnknownprobe 61 61tggtggtgga tcctggaatt ttctcacgca ggagccattg ctctcctaga gggggtctca 606260DNAUnknownprobe 62 62ttaatgcttt atactgccga gtctgggggc ttgttttggt ttgggggcag ccatcctcca 606360DNAUnknownprobe 63 63ggctctttgt ggaggaaact aaacattccc ttgatggtct caagctatga tcagaagact 606460DNAUnknownprobe 64 64tctaggacta attcacactg caacaaaggg gctgattaga gcttttgaag atggggggat 606560DNAUnknownprobe 65 65gacttaacca cgtcagagga aggactttgg caagtgatat tgtcttcatg tggggtatta 606660DNAUnknownprobe 66 66ctgtcaaatt gccacgatct cactaaagga tttctatttg ctgtcagtta aaaataaagc 606760DNAUnknownprobe 67 67tgaagctatt tctgggagcc cagaagaaat gctcttttgc ttggagtttg tcatcctaca 606860DNAUnknownprobe 68 68ttggtttcct ctagggtgat attcgtcatt actctgtctc ttcaatccat ccagctaaat 606960DNAUnknownprobe 69 69aagaaaacac acctcggcga caatgtcttg ctgctcggat taggtggggg atgggcgaca 607060DNAUnknownprobe 70 70ctgagtttgc cttgttaatc ttcaatagtt ttacctaccc cagtctttgg aaccctaaat 607160DNAUnknownprobe 71 71aaagtgtcaa gtgattaagt gtgtatttgt accctagatg atatgaacca gcagtcttgt 607260DNAUnknownprobe 72 72tgagctgttc ccttctctaa gccataatct cttagtggat tgagccctct tggaaagact 607360DNAUnknownprobe 73 73tgttattggc ctagagctac acgtatatgg gtttgtcctg agtccgtttt caaatgacct 607460DNAUnknownprobe 74 74tcatctgcac tcaacattta atcgtgtcct tgctgtcttt ttattttcct ttttgtttgt 607560DNAUnknownprobe 75 75gcgggaggag cggccgctga tggtgttcaa cgtcaagtag cgcccgcgca gggcggggca 607660DNAUnknownprobe 76 76cctgttctgt ttttgctttt cctcttcttg accaaagcat gtgccactag ctgtccttga 607760DNAUnknownprobe 77 77ctgtctccct gtttgtgtaa acatactaga gtatactgcg gcgtgttttc tgtctaccca 607860DNAUnknownprobe 78 78gagagtttct tttaaataat cagcgggtgt tggtgatttg tagcccttct gcccttaaat 607960DNAUnknownprobe 79 79atactttgtg agttcacctg tctttatact caaaagtgtc ccttaatagt gtccttgccc 608060DNAUnknownprobe 80 80ttgaaggcaa agatcatcaa tatctgcatc tggctgctgt cgtcatctgt tggcatctct 608160DNAUnknownprobe 81 81acctttgaat ttgcggatgc tgaggaggat gatgaggtca aggtgtgagg ggctggggca 608260DNAUnknownprobe 82 82tattagacta tgtcatcaat ttttgcaaag gtaaatttga cttccttgaa cggctctcag 608360DNAUnknownprobe 83 83aaatactggg tggcttggtt tagagctaat tgtagtggaa gcctgcaagg ttgaggggtg 608460DNAUnknownprobe 84 84actcactatg gccagaaagc aatcttgttt ctccccctgc cagtctcttc tgattaaaga 608560DNAUnknownprobe 85 85aacaaatatt tattttgcac tctctttgcg gcactctggg ggcggtgggg tgcgtggggg 608660DNAUnknownprobe 86 86caagttgtca ctggagatgc gcgcggactt ggcccaaaac gtgcttctct gcggtgggtc 608760DNAUnknownprobe 87 87gatttccctg acccaattca gagattcttt atgcaaaagt gagttcagtc catctctata 608860DNAUnknownprobe 88 88gaaggactcg gtgataccca ctgggatctt ttatcctttg ttgcaaaagt gtggacactt 608960DNAUnknownprobe 89 89cagggcaact caaagaatgt tctgctggca tgtcctatga acatgtaccc gcatggacgc 609060DNAUnknownprobe 90 90gagaaaagca aagctctttc ttattttcct cataatcagc taccctggag gggagggaga 609160DNAUnknownprobe 91 91cgaattggga ggcttatatt tttcagcaaa gaaattttgg ggggttttgt gttgttgggc 609260DNAUnknownprobe 92 92tgaaatgctg gaagggttct tctcccacaa cccctgcctc acggaggcca ttgcagctaa 609360DNAUnknownprobe 93 93agacctcggt gatcactgag ggatttccgc gagctcggcc tcacttctgc cccgacttgt 609460DNAUnknownprobe 94 94ctacaagatt ggcaaagaga tgcagaatgc ataagatgaa cattgcatga ccggatcatt 609560DNAUnknownprobe 95 95aataaacaac tttgatgatg taacttgacc ttccagagtt atggaaattt tgtccccatg 609660DNAUnknownprobe 96 96aggttctcag aatgaccgta agatagctta catttcctct ttttgccttt atctccccaa 609760DNAUnknownprobe 97 97agagacctgc aggggcctcg gcccctcaca tcgtgtatgt ctctccttga tttgtgttgt 609860DNAUnknownprobe 98 98ccgttttgtt tctgctcagt aatatagtca agcaagtttg ttccaagtga cccattgagc 609960DNAUnknownprobe 99 99aaattggcgc tggaatttgg gctgggaaaa atcttgtggt tatttccttt aaaaaggaac 6010060DNAUnknownprobe 100 100gccaaagctc aaatgcccac catagaacga ctgtccatga caagatattt ctacctcttt 6010160DNAUnknownprobe 101 101tggctcccca tcatgtatcc tcccgattat tgcgtattct aaaataggaa acaagacttt 6010260DNAUnknownprobe 102 102tcacgttaac atatagacac tgttggaagc agttccttct aaaagggtag ccctggactt 6010360DNAUnknownprobe 103 103ctatgacacc tttaaggagg ttcttggatc agggatgcag tacccacttg cagtcaaaat 6010460DNAUnknownprobe 104 104tgtgggtgtc cagcatcttc ttcttccttc ctgtcttctg tctcacggtc ctctacagtc 6010560DNAUnknownprobe 105 105gatgacactg ccacctctga cttctgcctc tggccttcca ctctcagtaa gaagagccag 6010660DNAUnknownprobe 106 106gtcgcctggg attttcatcc ctcgcacaag gactacgggt tcacacggtg aactggggga 6010760DNAUnknownprobe 107 107gccataagaa atttgacaag atggtggaca ctcctgcctc cgagcctgcc caagcctcca 6010860DNAUnknownprobe 108 108aaggcctttg aggttgtgac tgtggctggt atatctggct gccatttttc tgatgcattt 6010960DNAUnknownprobe 109 109agaattctta acttcacaag tgttttactt cgacgatgtg cctttgattt aatttgggac 6011060DNAUnknownprobe 110 110tcattagaca tcggggattt cactctgcag agtaatcctg gaactacatt aaagtggggg 6011160DNAUnknownprobe 111 111tgcgggaagc ctttcagcca ccgttgcaac ctcaacgagc accagaagcg gcacgggggc 6011260DNAUnknownprobe 112 112ttgtaggact taatggctaa gaattagaac atagcaaggg ggctcctctg ttggagtaat 601131400DNAHomo sapienscDNA of clone ID I-30 113cttttcctcc cgctgtcccc cacggagggg actgctctcc cccgctgcat cctttctgtg 60aggtacctta cccacctcag cacctgagag ggtgaaatag aattctaacc tcgacattcg 120ggaagtgttt ttgagaagtc tcggtcggta agggaagtct tccaagtccg tgcagcacta 180acgtattggc acctgcctcc tcttcggcca ccccccagat gaggcagctg tgactgtgtc 240aagggaagcc acgactctga ccatagtctt ctctcagctt ccactgccgt ctccacagga 300aacccagaag ttctgtgaac aagtccatgc tgccatcaag gcatttattg cagtgtacta 360tttgcttcca aaggatcagg ccctgagaac aatgacctta tttcctacaa cagtgtctgg 420gttgcgtgcc agcagatgcc tcagatacca agagataaca aagctgcagc tcttttgatg 480ctgaccaaga atgtggattt tgtgaaggat gcacatgaag aaatggagca ggctgtggaa 540gaatgtgacc cttactctgg cctcttgaat gatactgagg agaacaactc tgacaaccac 600aatcatgagg atgatgtgtt ggggtttccc agcaatcagg acttgtattg gtcagaggac 660gatcaagagc tcataatccc atgccttgcg ctggtgagag catccaaagc ctgcctgaag 720aaaattcgga tgttagtggc agagaatggg aagaaggatc aggtggcaca gctggatgac 780attgtggata tttctgatga aatcagccct agtgtggatg atttggctct gagcatatat 840ccacctatgt gtcacctgac cgtgcgaatc aattctgcga aacttgtatc tgttttaaag 900aaggcacttg aaattacaaa agcaagtcat gtgacccctc agccagaaga tagttggatc 960cctttactta ttaatgccat tgatcattgc atgaatagaa tcaaggagct cactcagagt 1020gaacttgaat tatgactttt caggctcatt tgtactctct tcccctctca tcgtcatggt 1080caggctctga tacctgcttt taaaatggag ctagaatgct tgctggattg aaagggagtg 1140cctatctata tttagcaaga gacactatta ccaaagattg ttggttaggc cagattgaca 1200cctatttata aaccatatgc gtatattttt ctgtgctata tatgaaaaat aattgcatga 1260tttctcattc ctgagtcatt tctcagagat tcctaggaaa gctgccttat tctctttttg 1320cagtaaagta tgttgttttc attgtaaaga tgttgatggt ctcaataaaa tgctaacttg 1380ccagtgaaaa aaaaaaaaaa 14001141062DNAHomo sapienscDNA of clone ID III-02 114aggatctaag accagcctgg cagccaccag atggtgattc tagtcctggc tcagtcagta 60ataggtcact gaccccagag aaatcaattc agcctcccca ggtccttgga tttctttctg 120tgaaaatgaa agcataggta ggaatttccc atggaacagc tagcagagga gaaatattaa 180aagtcaggag actcatgcta tagttttcat acttcattac aacaatgttg tttaggacaa 240gtgagttaac ctgttagctt cctctatata aaatggaaag tcattaaaaa cctacatagc 300agggttcttg tgaagatcaa gtgataatgt aggaagcatg tacaaatgtc acattctgcc 360gtcacgtaat ggtcctcaca gcttgaggta gcatttagca tgtgtcatga tttagtacaa 420gggttggcaa actgttgctc ttggattaag tctggctcat tgcctgtttt tcaaagaaaa 480aaattgtata tgtgtgtata tatgttatat ataggtacac acacatatgt gctatatata 540gcatatatac acacataata tataaacatg tacatatata gcattatata tatacgtgta 600taatatctcc agtcctcatg accagccatg cttgttcatt tacatttgca tactctatga 660ttgctttcat gcaacaatgg cagagttgag tgattgtttt gcaacagaga ctgtatggcc 720cactaaacct aaaatattta gtctctgacc ctgaaatgta agattgatag cccaggacca 780ggcgtggtgg ctcacacttg taatcctagc actttggcag gccaaggagg gtggatcacc 840tgaggtcagg agttaaagac cagcctggcc aacatggtga aaccctgact ctactaaaaa 900tacagaaatt agctgggcgt ggtaatgggt gcctgcaatc caagctactc tggaggctga 960ggcaggagaa tcacttgaac ccaggaggca gaagttacag tgagctgaga tggtgccact 1020gcactccagc ctggacgaca gagtgagact ccatctcaaa aa 1062115266DNAHomo sapienscDNA of clone ID III-27 115ccattctcct gcctcagcct ctcaagtagc tgggactaca ggcgcccaca accacgcccg 60gctaatgttt ttggtatttt tcgtagagac ggggtttcac cttgttagcc aggatggtct 120tgatctcctg acctcgtgat ctgcctgcct cggcctccca aagtgttggg attacaggca 180catttttcac aattttttaa cacttaagaa tgacttaact gaatcatgcc tttagaagaa 240actttctgtt taaaaaaaaa aaaaaa 2661161271DNAHomo sapienscDNA of clone ID III-60 116ctgccgccgc ccccagctcc cccgcctcgg ggagggcacc aggtcactgc agccagaggg 60gtccagaaga gagaggaggc actgcctcca ctacagcaac tgcacccacg atgcagagca 120tcaagtgcgt ggtggtgggt gatggggctg tgggcaagac gtgcctgctc atctgctaca 180caactaacgc tttccccaaa gagtacatcc ccaccgtgtt cgacaattac agcgcgcaga 240gcgcagttga cgggcgcaca gtgaacctga acctgtggga cactgcgggc caggaggagt 300atgaccgcct ccgtacactc tcctaccctc agaccaacgt tttcgtcatc tgtttctcca 360ttgccagtcc gccgtcctat gagaacgtgc ggcacaagtg gcatccagag gtgtgccacc 420actgccctga tgtgcccatc ctgctggtgg gcaccaagaa ggacctgaga gcccagcctg 480acaccctacg gcgcctcaag gagcagggcc aggcgcccat cacaccgcag cagggccagg 540cactggccaa gcagatccac gctgtgcgct acctcgaatg ctcagccctg caacaggatg 600gtgtcaagga agtgttcgcc gaggctgtcc gggctgtgct caaccccacg ccgatcaagc 660gtgggcggtc ctgcatcctc ttgtgaccct ggcacttggc ttggaggctg cccctgccct 720ccccccacca gttgtgcctt ggtgccttgt ccgcctcagc tgtgccttaa ggactaattc 780tggcacccct ttccaggggg ttccctgaat gcctttttct ctgagtgcct ttttctcctt 840aaggaggcct gcagagaaag gggctttggg ctctgccccc ctctgcttgg gaacactggg 900tattctcatg agctcatcca agccaaggtt ggacccctcc ccaagaggcc aacccagtgc 960cccctcccat tttccgtact gaccagttca tccagctttc cacacagttg ttgctgccta 1020ttgtggtgcc gcctcaggtt aggggctctc agccatctct aacctctgcc ctcgctgctc 1080ttggaattgc gcccccaaga tgctctctcc cttctccaat gagggagcca cagaatcctg 1140agaaggtgaa tgtgccctaa cctgctcctc tgtgcctagg ccttacgcat ttgctgactg 1200actcagcccc catgcttctg gggacctttc ctacccccat cagcatcaat aaaacctcct 1260gtctccagtg a 1271117831DNAHomo sapienscDNA of clone ID IV-26 117cagccctccg tcacctcttc accgcaccct cggactgccc caaggccccc gccgccgctc 60cagcgccgcg cagccaccgc cgccgccgcc gcctctcctt agtcgccgcc atgacgaccg 120cgtccacctc gcaggtgcgc cagaactacc accaggactc agaggccgcc atcaaccgcc 180agatcaacct ggagctctac gcctcctacg tttacctgtc catgtcttac tactttgacc 240gcgatgatgt ggctttgaag aactttgcca aatactttct tcaccaatct catgaggaga 300gggaacatgc tgagaaactg atgaagctgc agaaccaacg aggtggccga atcttccttc 360aggatatcaa gaaaccagac tgtgatgact gggagagcgg gctgaatgca atggagtgtg 420cattacattt ggaaaaaaat gtgaatcagt cactactgga actgcacaaa ctggccactg 480acaaaaatga cccccatttg tgtgacttca ttgagacaca ttacctgaat gagcaggtga 540aagccatcaa agaattgggt gaccacgtga ccaacttgcg caagatggga gcgcccgaat 600ctggcttggc ggaatatctc tttgacaagc acaccctggg agacagtgat aatgaaagct 660aagcctcggg ctaatttccc catagccgtg gggtgacttc cctggtcacc
aaggcagtgc 720atgcatgttg gggtttcctt taccttttct ataagttgta ccaaaacatc cacttaagtt 780ctttgatttg taccattcct tcaaataaag aaatttggta cccaaaaaaa a 831118197DNAHomo sapienscDNA of clone ID IV-41 118gccatttcta agacctacag ctacctgacc cccgacctct ggaaggagac tgtattcacc 60aagtctccct atcaggagtt cactgaccac ctcgtcaaga cccacaccag agtctccgtg 120cagcggactc aggctccagc tgtggctaca acatagggtt tttatacaag aaaaataaag 180tgaattaagc gtgaaaa 197119426DNAHomo sapienscDNA of clone ID IV-51 119atttctgtgg atacagtgcc caccgccctc ctccacttgg aaacggtatc ctccctgccc 60atccgtctgt ctgtcgccct tctcccggcc ctcactaagc cccggcactt ctagtggtct 120cacctggagg caagagggag gggacagagg ccctgccacg tcccgctgcc tcctgctctc 180tggaggtact gagacagggt gctgatggga aggaggggag cctttggggg gccacccggg 240gcctggacct atgcagggag gccacgtccc accccacctc ttgtttctgg gtccctgctc 300ccctttgggg gtgtgtgtgt gtgttttaat tttctttatg gaaaaattga caaaaaaaaa 360tagagagaga ggtatttaac tgcaataaac tggccccatg tggcccccgc cttgtcaaaa 420aaaaaa 426120990DNAHomo sapienscDNA of clone ID V-09 120tggattcccg tcgtaactta aagggaaact ttcacaatgt ccggagccct tgatgtcctg 60caaatgaagg aggaggatgt ccttaagttc cttgcagcag gaacccactt aggtggcacc 120aatcttgact tccagatgga acagtacatc tataaaagga aaagtgatgg catctatatc 180ataaatctca agaggacctg ggagaagctt ctgctggcag ctcgtgcaat tgttgccatt 240gaaaaccctg ctgatgtcag tgttatatcc tccaggaata ctggccagag ggctgtgctg 300aagtttgctg ctgccactgg agccactcca attgctggcc gcttcactcc tggaaccttc 360actaaccaga tccaggcagc cttccgggag ccacggcttc ttgtggttac tgaccccagg 420gctgaccacc agcctctcac ggaggcatct tatgttaacc tacctaccat tgcgctgtgt 480aacacagatt ctcctctgcg ctatgtggac attgccatcc catgcaacaa caagggagct 540cactcagtgg gtttaatgtg gtggatgctg gctcgggaag ttctgcgcat gcgtggcacc 600atttcccgtg aacacccatg ggaggtcatg cctgatctgt acttctacag agatcctgaa 660gagattgaaa aagaagagca ggctgctgct gagaaggcag tgaccaagga ggaatttcag 720ggtgaatgga ctgctcccgc tcctgagttc actgctactc agcctgaggt tgcagactgg 780tctgaaggtg tacaggtgcc ctctgtgcct attcagcaat tccctactga agactggagc 840gctcagcctg ccacggaaga ctggtctgca gctcccactg ctcaggccac tgaatgggta 900ggagcaacca ctgactggtc ttaagctgtt cttgcatagg ctcttaagca gcatggaaaa 960atggttgatg gaaaataaac atcagtttct 9901211279DNAHomo sapienscDNA of clone ID V-38 121gtttaaattt gacaaactaa agctaattac tgctataaga gtaataactg ctcattttcc 60ataactcatt cttaaagttt tagtaatgta aaagttattt ttttgcagta agttataatg 120atagaagctt acatgttttt tcatgcctca tctgtttccc cttaaaacta taattatcag 180taaagtcctg tggtattttt caatttgtaa gaaactaggc tatatataca ttgggaaaaa 240cagccttcat ttgtcaatgc actagtgttc caaaggtttc tggtaattgt gtgctattgc 300tttttgttga cttgcaaaaa aaaaaaaaaa aaaattacta tgacttgtgg tagccctgca 360accttcggaa gtgcttagcc cagtctgacc atacatttat atttagaatg cttaggtaaa 420taaataatat gcctaaaccc aatgctataa gatactatat aatatctcat aattttaaaa 480atcactgttt tgtataataa taaaacaagg caggcaagct gttctacaat gactgttggt 540aagggtgctg aggaagaaaa acaaacaatc ttgattcagg gatagtgaat agacaaaaaa 600tgtcctaatc aatgaagctg tgtgatgatt ctgattgaca gagagtgctg ccacaagatt 660cttaggctac actcaaatca gcagaaaaag tgctacaata aattagaagt gactattaca 720ggtgcagatg agggttggta gtacctgttt gccatttctc ttctaatctt atattttctg 780accctcctac tgtaagtcgc gcggaggcgg aggcttgggt gcgttcaaga ttcaacttca 840cccgtaaccc accgccatgg ccgaggaagg cattgctgct ggaggtgtaa tggacgttaa 900tactgcttta caagaggttc tgaagactgc cctcatccac gatggcctag cacgtggaat 960tcgcgaagct gccaaagcct tagacaagcg ccaagcccat ctttgtgtgc ttgcatccaa 1020ctgtgatgag cctatgtatg tcaagttggt ggaggccctt tgtgctgaac accaaatcaa 1080cctaattaag gttgatgaca acaagaaact aggagaatgg gtaggccttt gtaaaattga 1140cagagagggg aaaccccgta aagtggttgg ttgcagttgt gtagtagtta aggactatgg 1200caaggagtct caggccaagg atgtcattga agagtatttc aaatgcaaga aatgaagaaa 1260taaatctttg gctcacaaa 1279122753DNAHomo sapienscDNA of clone ID VI-44 122gagaatggct tgaacccagt aggcagaggt tgtagtgagc cgagattggg ccactgcact 60ttagcctggg tgacagagtg agactctgtc tcaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaa tttaaataaa 120ataaaaaacc tttacttatt tttaaattgg gttgtctttt tggtattgag ttgttaaagt 180tctttatata ttttaggtac aaatccctta tgagatacgt gatttgaaaa tattttctcc 240cattctgtgg gttgcttttt cactttcttg gttgtatcct ttgaagcaca gaagttttaa 300attttgatga agtccagttt atttattttt ttgctgttgt ttctgctcat acttttgagg 360tcatgtctga gaaaccattg tcaaatccaa ggtcgtgatg acttacccct gtgttttctt 420ctaagagttt taaaggcatc tgaagcttaa tgtgcactag atggattcta aatatcatct 480catccaaaac ctgctatata tactaccttc ctcatctcag ttgaaggcaa gtccattgtt 540tcaattgcct gggcaaaaaa tattctaaat aattcataat ttttcctcaa ctccacatct 600attggtaaat cctgtgggtt ctccttttaa aacatatcca aaatagaatc atttctcact 660atcattccac tgcaggcacc aagtctcaat agtctcctag cagataatca tgtctacatt 720tattctcaat gtagcagcta gagagctttt ttg 753123517DNAHomo sapienscDNA of clone ID VI-49 123gcggtcgtaa gggctgagga tttttggtcc gcacgctcct gctcctgact caccgctgtt 60cgctctcgcc gaggaacaag tcggtcagga agcccgcgcg caacagccat ggcttttaag 120gataccggaa aaacacccgt ggagccggag gtggcaattc accgaattcg aatcacccta 180acaagccgca acgtaaaatc cttggaaaag gtgtgtgctg acttgataag aggcgcaaaa 240gaaaagaatc tcaaagtgaa aggaccagtt cgaatgccta ccaagacttt gagaatcact 300acaagaaaaa ctccttgtgg tgaaggttct aagacgtggg atcgtttcca gatgagaatt 360cacaagcgac tcattgactt gcacagtcct tctgagattg ttaagcagat tacttccatc 420agtattgagc caggagttga ggtggaagtc accattgcag atgcttaagt caactatttt 480aataaattga tgaccagttg ttaaaaaaaa aaaaaaa 517124159DNAHomo sapiensmisc_feature(9)..(149)cDNA of clone ID VI-52 124gaaaagggnt ngcncccaan gggcagaggt tgggctgatg ccgatattgg gccnctgcnc 60tncanacctg ggtgacatga atgaaactct gtctcacata aaaacccaaa aaanctaaat 120gaaataaaag acctttgctt attnctaant tgggtacgc 159125315DNAHomo sapienscDNA of clone ID VII-15 125cccatcccct cgaccgctcg cgtcgcattt ggccgcctcc ctaccgctcc aagcccagcc 60ctcagccatg gcatgccccc tggatcaggc cattggcctc ctcgtggcca tcttccacaa 120gtactccggc agggagggtg acaagcacac cctgagcaag aaggagctga aggagctgat 180ccagaaggag ctcaccattg gctcgaagct gcaggatgct gaaattgcaa ggctgatgga 240agacttggac cggaacaagg accaggaggt gaacttccag gagtatgtca ccttcctggg 300ggccttggct ttgat 315126491DNAHomo sapienscDNA of clone ID VII-32 126aattagagag gtgaggatct ggtatttcct ggactaaatt ccccttgggg aagacgaagg 60gatgctgcag ttccaaaaga gaaggactct tccagagtca tctacctgag tcccaaagct 120ccctgtcctg aaagccacag acaatatggt cccaaatgac tgactgcacc ttctgtgcct 180cagccgttyt tgacatcaag aatcttctgt tccacatcca cacagccaat acaattagtc 240aaaccactgt tattaacaga tgtagcaaca tgagaaacgc ttatgttaca ggttacatga 300gagcaatcat gtaagtctat atgacttcag aaatgttaaa atagactaac ctctaacaac 360aaattaaaag tgattgtttc aaggtgatgc aattattgat gacctatttt atttttctat 420aatgatcata tattaccttt gtaataaaac attataacca aaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaa 480aaaaaaaaaa a 491127707DNAHomo sapienscDNA of clone ID VII-48 127cttaagtatg ccctgacagg agatgaagta aagaagattt gcatgcagcg gttcattaaa 60atcgatggca aggtccgaac tgatataacc taccctgctg gattcatgga tgtcatcagc 120attgacaaga cgggagagaa tttccgtctg atctatgaca ccaagggtcg ctttgctgta 180catcgtatta cacctgagga ggccaagtac aagttgtgca aagtgagaaa gatctttgtg 240ggcacaaaag gaatccctca tctggtgact catgatgccc gcaccatccg ctaccccgat 300cccctcatca aggtgaatga taccattcag attgatttag agactggcaa gattactgat 360ttcatcaagt tcgacactgg taacctgtgt atggtgactg gaggtgctaa cctaggaaga 420attggtgtga tcaccaacag agagaggcac cctggatctt ttgacgtggt tcacgtgaaa 480gatgccaatg gcaacagctt tgccactcga ctttccaaca tttttgttat tggcaagggc 540aacaaaccat ggatttctct tccccgagga aagggtatcc gcctcaccat tgctgaagag 600agagacaaaa gactggcggc caaacagagc agtgggtgaa atgggtccct gggtgacatg 660tcagatcttt gtacgtaatt aaaaatattg tggcaggatt aatagcc 707128636DNAHomo sapienscDNA of clone ID VII-76 128agacacacga gcatatttca cctccgctac cataatcatc gctatcccca ccggcgtcaa 60agtatttagc tgactcgcca cactccacgg aagcaatatg aaatgatctg ctgcagtgct 120ctgagcccta ggattcatct ttcttttcac cgtaggtggc ctgactggca ttgtattagc 180aaactcatca ctagacatcg tactacacga cacgtactac gttgtagccc acttccacta 240tgtcctatca ataggagctg tatttgccat cataggaggc ttcattcact gatttcccct 300attctcaggc tacaccctag accaaaccta cgccaaaatc catttcacta tcatattcat 360cggcgtaaat ctaactttct tcccacaaca ctttctcggc ctatccggaa tgccccgacg 420ttactcggac taccccgatg catacaccac atgaaacatc ctatcatctg taggctcatt 480catttctcta acagcagtaa tattaataat tttcatgatt tgagaagcct tcgcttcgaa 540gcgaaaagtc ctaatagtag aagaaccctc cataaacctg gagtgactat atggatgccc 600cccaccctac cacacattcg aagaacccgt atacat 636129549DNAHomo sapienscDNA of clone ID IX-24 129agagtgcaag acgatgactt gcaaaatgtc gcagctggaa cgcaacatag agaccatcat 60caacaccttc caccaatact ctgtgaagct ggggcaccca gacaccctga accaggggga 120attcaaagag ctggtgcgaa aagatctgca aaattttctc aagaaggaga ataagaatga 180aaaggtcata gaacacatca tggaggacct ggacacaaat gcagacaagc agctgagctt 240cgaggagttc atcatgctga tggcgaggct aacctgggcc tcccacgaga agatgcacga 300gggtgacgag ggccctggcc accaccataa gccaggcctc ggggagggca ccccctaaga 360ccacagtggc caagatcaca gtggccacgg ccacggccac agtcatggtg gccacggcca 420cagccactaa tcaggaggcc aggccaccct gcctctaccc aaccagggcc ccggggcctg 480ttatgtcaaa ctgtcttggc tgtggggcta ggggctgggg ccaaataaag tctcttcctc 540caaaaaaaa 549130425DNAHomo sapienscDNA of clone ID IX-39 130cttggctcct gtggaggcct gctgggaacg ggacttctaa aaggaactat gtctggaagg 60ctgtggtcca aggccatttt tgctggctat aagcggggtc tccggaacca aagggagcac 120acagctcttc ttaaaattga aggtgtttac gcccgagatg aaacagaatt ctatttgggc 180aagagatgcg cttatgtata taaagcaaag aacaacacag tcactcctgg cggcaaacca 240aacaaaacca gagtcatctg gggaaaagta actcgggccc atggaaacag tggcatggtt 300cgtgccaaat tccgaagcaa tcttcctgct aaggccattg gacacagaat ccgagtgatg 360ctgtacccct caaggattta aactaacgaa aaatcaataa ataaatgtgg atttgtgctc 420ttgta 425131809DNAHomo sapienscDNA of clone ID IX-46 131acgcgagatg gcagtgcaaa tatccaagaa gaggaagttt gtcgctgatg gcatcttcaa 60agctgaactg aatgagtttc ttactcggga gctggctgaa gatggctact ctggagttga 120ggtgcgagtt acaccaacca ggacagaaat cattatctta gccaccagaa cacagaatgt 180tcttggtgag aagggccggc ggattcggga actgactgct gtagttcaga agaggtttgg 240ctttccagag ggcagtgtag agctttatgc tgaaaaggtg gccactagag gtctgtgtgc 300cattgcccag gcagagtctc tgcgttacaa actcctagga gggcttgctg tgcggagggc 360ctgctatggt gtgctgcggt tcatcatgga gagtggggcc aaaggctgcg aggttgtggt 420gtctgggaaa ctccgaggac agagggctaa atccatgaag tttgtggatg gcctgatgat 480ccacagcgga gaccctgtta actactacgt tgacactgct gtgcgccacg tgttgctcag 540acagggtgtg ctgggcatca aggtgaagat catgctgccc tgggacccaa ctggtaagat 600tggccctaag aagcccctgc ctgaccacgt gagcattgtg gaacccaaag atgagatact 660gcccaccacc cccatctcag aacagaaggg tgggaagcca gagccgcctg ccatgcccca 720gccagtcccc acagcataac agggtctcct tggcagctgt attctggagt ctggatgttg 780ctctctaaag acctttaata aaattttgt 809132663DNAHomo sapienscDNA of clone ID IX-50 132gtccatcctg caggccacaa gctctggatg aggaacttga ggcaagtcac cagcccctga 60tcatttcgcc taaaagagca aggactagag ttcctgacct ccaggccagt ccctgatccc 120tgacctaatg ttatcgcgga atgatgatat atgtatctac gggggcctgg ggctgggcgg 180gctcctgctt ctggcagtgg tccttctgtc cgcctgcctg tgttggctgc atcgaagagt 240aaagaggctg gagaggagct gggcccaggg ctcctcagag caggaactcc actatgcatc 300tctgcagagg ctgccagtgc ccagcagtga gggacctgac ctcaggggca gagacaagag 360aggcaccaag gaggatccaa gagctgacta tgcctgcatt gctgagaaca aacccacctg 420agcaccccag acaccttcct caacccaggc gggtggacag ggtccccctg tggtccagcc 480agtaaaaacc atggtccccc cacttctgtg tctcagtcct ctcagtccat ctcgagcctc 540cgttcaaaat gatcatcatc aaaacttatg tggctttttg acctttgaat agggaatttt 600ttaaattttt taaaaattaa aataaaaaaa acacatggct cacccttcca cccaaaaaaa 660aaa 663133693DNAHomo sapienscDNA of clone ID X-77 133cctcccgggc tcttaagccc ctctctttct ctaacagaaa aagcggatgg tggttcctgc 60tgccctcaag gtcgtgcgtc tgaagcctac aagaaagttt gcctatctgg ggcgcctggc 120tcacgaggtt ggctggaagt accaggcagt gacagccacc ctggaggaga agaggaaaga 180gaaagccaag atccactacc ggaagaagaa acagctcatg aggctacgga aacaggccga 240gaagaacgtg gagaagaaaa ttgacaaata cacagaggtc ctcaagaccc acggactcct 300ggtctgagcc caataaagac tgttaattcc tcatgcgttg cctgcccttc ctccattgtt 360gccctggaat gtacgggacc caggggcagc agcagtccag gtgccacagg cagccctggg 420acataggaag ctgggagcaa ggaaagggtc ttagtcactg cctcccgaag ttgcttgaaa 480gcactcggag aattgtgcag gtgtcattta tctatgacca ataggaagag caaccagtta 540ctatgagtga aagggagcca gaagactgat tggagggccc tatcttgtga gtggggcatc 600tgttggactt tccacctggt catatactct gcagctgtta gaatgtgcaa gcacttgggg 660acagcatgag cttgctgttg tacacagggt att 693134722DNAHomo sapienscDNA of clone ID XI-13 134ctgccaacat ggtgttcagg cgcttcgtgg aggttggccg ggtggcctat gtctcctttg 60gacctcatgc cggaaaattg gtcgcgattg tagatgttat tgatcagaac agggctttgg 120tcgatggacc ttgcactcaa gtgaggagac aggccatgcc tttcaagtgc atgcagctca 180ctgatttcat cctcaagttt ccgcacagtg cccaccagaa gtatgtccga caagcctggc 240agaaggcaga catcaataca aaatgggcag ccacacgatg ggccaagaag attgaagcca 300gagaaaggaa agccaagatg acagattttg atcgttttaa agttatgaag gcaaagaaaa 360tgaggaacag aataatcaag aatgaagtta agaagcttca aaaggcagct ctcctgaaag 420cttctcccaa aaaagcacct ggtactaagg gtactgctgc tgctgctgct gctgctgctg 480ctgctgctgc tgctgctgct gctaaagttc cagcaaaaaa gatcaccgcc gcgagtaaaa 540aggctccagc ccagaaggtt cctgcccaga aagccacagg ccagaaagca gcgcctgctc 600caaaagctca gaagggtcaa aaagctccag cccagaaagc acctgctcca aaggcatctg 660gcaagaaagc ataagtggca atcataaaaa gtaataaagg ttctttttga cctgttaaaa 720aa 722135642DNAHomo sapienscDNA of clone ID XI-49 135gatcaacctg gagctctacg cctcctacgt ttacctgtcc atgtcttact actttgaccg 60cgatgatgtg gctttgaaga actttgccaa atactttctt caccaatctc atgaggagag 120ggaacatgct gagaaactga tgaagctgca gaaccaacga ggtggccgaa tcttccttca 180ggatatcaag aaaccagact gtgatgactg ggagagcggg ctgaatgcaa tggagtgtgc 240attacatttg gaaaaaaatg tgaatcagtc actactggaa ctgcacaaac tggccactga 300caaaaatgac ccccatttgt gtgacttcat tgagacacat tacctgaatg agcaggtgaa 360agccatcaaa gaattgggtg accacgtgac caacttgcgc aagatgggag cgcccgaatc 420tggcttggcg gaatatctct ttgacaagca caccctggga gacagtgata atgaaagcta 480agcctcgggc taatttcccc atagccgtgg ggtgacttcc ctggtcacca aggcagtgca 540tgcatgttgg ggtttccttt accttttcta taagttgtac caaaacatcc acttaagttc 600tttgatttgt accattcctt caaataaaga aatttggtac cc 642136360DNAHomo sapienscDNA of clone ID XI-81 136agagcagcag ccatggccct acgctaccct atggccgtgg gcctcaacaa gggccacaaa 60gtgaccaaga acgtgagcaa gcccaggcac agccgacgcc gcgggcgtct gaccaaacac 120accaagttcg tgcgggacat gattcgggag gtgtgtggct ttgccccgta cgagcggcgc 180gccatggagt tactgaaggt ctccaaggac aaacgggccc tcaaatttat caagaaaagg 240gtggggacgc acatccgcgc caagaggaag cgggaggagc tgagcaacgt actggccgcc 300atgaggaaag ctgctgccaa gaaagactga gcccctcccc tgccctctcc ctgaaataaa 360137622DNAHomo sapienscDNA of clone ID XII-35 137ctctcctgtc aacagcggcc agcctcccaa ctacgagatg ctcaaggagg agcaggaagt 60ggctatgctg ggggcgcccc acaaccctgc tcccccgacg tccaccgtga tccacatccg 120cagcgagacc tccgtgcccg accatgtcgt ctggtccctg ttcaacaccc tcttcatgaa 180cacctgctgc ctgggcttca tagcattcgc ctactccgtg aagtctaggg acaggaagat 240ggttggcgac gtgaccgggg cccaggccta tgcctccacc gccaagtgcc tgaacatctg 300ggccctgatt ttgggcatct tcatgaccat tctgctcgtc atcatcccag tgttggtcgt 360ccaggcccag cgatagatca ggaggcatca ttgaggccag gagctctgcc cgtgacctgt 420atcccacgta ctctatcttc cattcctcgc cctgccccca gaggccagga gctctgccct 480tgacctgtat tccacttact ccaccttcca ttcctcgccc tgtccccaca gccgagtcct 540gcatcagccc tttatcctca cacgcttttc tacaatggca ttcaataaag tgtatatgtt 600tctggtgctg ctgtgacttc aa 622138372DNAHomo sapienscDNA of clone ID XII-77 138gtaagaaagc ccttaaataa agaaggtaag aaacctagga ccaaagcacc caagattcag 60cgtcttgtta ctccacgtgt cctgcagcac aaacggcggc gtattgctct gaagaagcag 120cgtaccaaga aaaataaaga agaggctgca gaatatgcta aacttttggc caagagaatg 180aaggaggcta aggagaagcg ccaggaacaa attgcgaaga gacgcagact ttcctctctg 240cgagcttcta cttctaagtc tgaatccagt cagaaataag attttttgag taacaaataa 300ataagatcag actctgaaaa aaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaa 360aaaaaaaaaa aa 372139836DNAHomo sapienscDNA of clone ID XIII-29 139ctcgctcacg cagcactcgt ggcagtccct gaaggaccgc tacctcaagc acctgcgggg 60ccaggagcat aagtacctgc tgggggacgc gccggtgagc ccctcctccc agaagctcaa 120gcggaaggcg gaggaggacc cggaggccgc ggatagcggg gaaccacaga ataagagaac 180tccagatttg cctgaagaag agtatgtgaa ggaagaaatc caggagaatg aagaagcagt 240caaaaagatg cttgtggaag ccacccggga gtttgaggag gttgtggtgg atgagagccc 300tcctgatttt gaaatacata taactatgtg tgatgatgat ccacccacac ctgaggaaga 360ctcagaaaca cagcctgatg aggaggaaga agaagaagaa gaaaaagttt ctcaaccaga 420ggtgggagct gccattaaga tcattcggca gttaatggag aagtttaact tggatctatc 480aacagttaca caggccttcc taaaaaatag tggtgagctg gaggctactt ccgccttctt 540agcgtctggt cagagagctg atggatatcc catttggtcc cgacaagatg acatagattt 600gcaaaaagat gatgaggata ccagagaggc attggtcaaa aaatttggtg ctcagaatgt 660agctcggagg attgaatttc gaaagaaata attggcaaga taatgagaaa agaaaaaagt 720catggtaggt gaggtggtta aaaaaaattg tgaccaatga actttagaga gttcttgcat 780tggaactggc acttattttc tgaccatcgc tgctgttgct ctgtgagtcc tagatt 836140840DNAHomo
sapienscDNA of clone ID XIII-84 140attatcctca gttcccaaga gcaatcatac ttttccacac ataccgtgtg tctcatgtta 60ggtaaatgta tttttacaat gagcaccact tctgtggaaa aagttccctg cacggggagg 120tccagcttcc agactgctcc atcgcataag gacttcccca ttcccctaaa tgctgctctg 180tcagaacctg cccaggtaat ggtaatgacc ctagagagat gatttctgaa ccgcaatttt 240gagcccatta gaaggtgtgt ggtgggcatt tatttcatcc tgatgctctg gtgagaatct 300ttgcagacgc actagatcca gaagctgtta atcttggtgc atttattttc ctacctaaaa 360gaaccaagca gctcagaggc agtgactgta caggatgcag tgtttataat aatgctgagc 420ttgctggtct ggaaccccac acttcagcaa tcccagcatt gttcctgttt atgaagttga 480caaagtgacc agggcaaggg ggtattatca ttaaatacac tctaggagag gcagaacaca 540tgagggcaat gtttttcaga ggtctttagg ccaccgcatc agattctcct ggagcataaa 600gcaaatgctt tatgagtcca gggcccctgc agacctactg tatactagta tacagctccc 660tcttagtgga tctcaagctt gtttccaaaa agtcattaca ctccttacca aagcccatga 720cacattcata cagattcatc cagacataac ccactgcatg gtccagtgca tgcttgtgtg 780cttaacttat tatagatcaa gtgttattta agtccaacat attaaacgtg actgaatatt 840141325DNAHomo sapienscDNA of clone ID XV-49 141aagtctgccc agaaagctca gaaggctaaa tgaatattat ccctaatacc tgccacccca 60ctcttaatca gtggtggaag aacggtctca gaactgtttg tttcaattgg ccatttaagt 120ttagtagtaa aagactggtt aatgataaca atgcatcgta aaaccttcag aaggaaagga 180gaatgttttg tggaccactt tggttttctt ttttgcgtgt ggcagtttta agttattagt 240ttttaaaatc agtacttttt aatggaaaca acttgaccaa aaatttgtca cagaattttg 300agacccatta aaaaagttaa atgag 3251421142DNAHomo sapienscDNA of clone ID XV-54 142aagagcaggt ctctggaggc tgagttgcat ggggcctagt aacaccaagc cagtgagcct 60ctaatgctac tgcgccctgg gggctcccag ggcctgggca acttagctgc aactggcaaa 120ggagaagggt agtttgaggt gtgacaccag tttgctccag aaagtttaag gggtctgttt 180ctcatctcca tggacatctt caacagcttc acctgacaac gactgttcct atgaagaagc 240cacttgtgtt ttaagcagag gcaacctctc tcttctcctc tgtttcgtga aggcagggga 300cacagatggg agagattgag ccaagtcagc cttctgttgg ttaatatggt ataatgcatg 360gctttgtgca cagcccagtg tgggattaca gctttgggat gaccgcttac aaagttctgt 420ttggttagta ttggcatagt ttttctatat agccataaat gcgtatatat acccataggg 480ctagatctgt atcttagtgt agcgatgtat acatatacac atccacctac atgttgaagg 540gcctaaccag ccttgggagt attgactggt cccttacctc ttatggctaa gtctttgact 600gtgttcattt accaagttga cccagtttgt cttttaggtt aagtaagact cgagagtaaa 660ggcaaggagg ggggccagcc tctgaatgcg gccacggatg ccttgctgct gcaacccttt 720ccccagctgt ccactgaaac gtgaagtcct gttttgaatg ccaaacccac cattcactgg 780tgctgactac atagaatggg gttgagagaa gatcagtttg ggcttcacag tgtcatttga 840aaacgttttt tgttttgttt tgtaattatt gtggaaaact ttcaagtgaa cagaaggatg 900gtgtcctact gtggatgagg gatgaacaag gggatggctt tgatccaatg gagcctggga 960ggtgtgccca gaaagcttgt ctgtagcggg ttttgtgaga gtgaacactt tccacttttt 1020gacaccttat cctgatgtat ggttccagga tttggatttt gattttccaa atgtagcttg 1080aaatttcaat aaactttgct ctgtttttct aaaaataaaa aaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaa 1140aa 11421431006DNAHomo sapienscDNA of clone ID XV-75 143agcagatgac ccttcgtggc accctcaagg gccacaacgg ctgggtaacc cagatcgcta 60ctaccccgca gttcccggac atgatcctct ccgcctctcg agataagacc atcatcatgt 120ggaaactgac cagggatgag accaactatg gaattccaca gcgtgctctg cggggtcact 180cccactttgt tagtgatgtg gttatctcct cagatggcca gtttgccctc tcaggctcct 240gggatggaac cctgcgcctc tgggatctca caacgggcac caccacgagg cgatttgtgg 300gccataccaa ggatgtgctg agtgtggcct tctcctctga caaccggcag attgtctctg 360gatctcgaga taaaaccatc aagctatgga ataccctggg tgtgtgcaaa tacactgtcc 420aggatgagag ccactcagag tgggtgtctt gtgtccgctt ctcgcccaac agcagcaacc 480ctatcatcgt ctcctgtggc tgggacaagc tggtcaaggt atggaacctg gctaactgca 540agctgaagac caaccacatt ggccacacag gctatctgaa cacggtgact gtctctccag 600atggatccct ctgtgcttct ggaggcaagg atggccaggc catgttatgg gatctcaacg 660aaggcaaaca cctttacacg ctagatggtg gggacatcat caacgccctg tgcttcagcc 720ctaaccgcta ctggctgtgt gctgccacag gccccagcat caagatctgg gatttagagg 780gaaagatcat tgtagatgaa ctgaagcaag aagttatcag taccagcagc aaggcagaac 840caccccagtg cacctccctg gcctggtctg ctgatggcca gactctgttt gctggctaca 900cggacaacct ggtgcgagtg tggcaggtga ccattggcac acgctagaag tttatggcag 960agctttacaa ataaaaaaaa aactggcttt tctgacaaaa aaaaaa 1006144562DNAHomo sapienscDNA of clone ID XV-86 144gcaaaatgtc gcagctggaa cgcaacatag agaccatcat caacaccttc caccaatact 60ctgtgaagct ggggcaccca gacaccctga accaggggga attcaaagag ctggtgcgaa 120aagatctgca aaattttctc aagaaggaga ataagaatga aaaggtcata gaacacatca 180tggaggacct ggacacaaat gcagacaagc agctgagctt cgaggagttc atcatgctga 240tggcgaggct aacctgggcc tcccacgaga agatgcacga gggtgacgag ggccctggcc 300accaccataa gccaggcctc ggggagggca ccccctaaga ccacagtggc caagatcaca 360gtggccacgg ccacggccac agtcatggtg gccacggcca cagccactaa tcaggaggcc 420aggccaccct gcctctaccc aaccagggcc ccggggcctg ttatgtcaaa ctgtcttggc 480tgtggggcta ggggctgggg ccaaataaag tctcttcctc caaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaa 540aaaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaa aa 5621451052DNAHomo sapienscDNA of clone ID XVI-74 145cgccgccgcg ccgccgtcgc tctccaacgc cagcgccgcc tctcgctcgc cgagctccag 60ccgaaggaga aggggggtaa gtaaggaggt ctctgtacca tggctcgtac aaagcagact 120gcccgcaaat cgaccggtgg taaagcaccc aggaagcaac tggctacaaa agccgctcgc 180aagagtgcgc cctctactgg aggggtgaag aaacctcatc gttacaggcc tggtactgtg 240gcgctccgtg aaattagacg ttatcagaag tccactgaac ttctgattcg caaacttccc 300ttccagcgtc tggtgcgaga aattgctcag gactttaaaa cagatctgcg cttccagagc 360gcagctatcg gtgctttgca ggaggcaagt gaggcctatc tggttggcct ttttgaagac 420accaacctgt gtgctatcca tgccaaacgt gtaacaatta tgccaaaaga catccagcta 480gcacgccgca tacgtggaga acgtgcttaa gaatccacta tgatgggaaa catttcattc 540tcaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaa tttctcttct tcctgttatt ggtagttctg aacgttagat 600attttttttc catggggtca aaaggtacct aagtatatga ttgcgagtgg aaaaataggg 660gacagaaatc aggtattggc agtttttcca ttttcatttg tgtgtgaatt tttaatataa 720atgcggagac gtaaagcatt aatgcaagtt aaaatgtttc agtgaacaag tttcagcggt 780tcaactttat aataattata aataaacctg ttaaattttt ctggacaatg ccagcatttg 840gattttttta aaacaagtaa atttcttatt gatggcaact aaatggtgtt tgtagcattt 900ttatcataca gtagattcca tccattcact atacttttct aactgagttg tcctacatgc 960aagtacatgt ttttaatgtt gtctgtcttc tgtgctgttc ctgtaagttt gctattaaaa 1020tacattaaac tataaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaa aa 1052146450DNAHomo sapienscDNA of clone ID XVII-77 146cagacaccct gaaccagggg gaattcaaag agctggtgcg aaaagatctg caaaattttc 60tcaagaagga gaataagaat gaaaaggtca tagaacacat catggaggac ctggacacaa 120atgcagacaa gcagctgagc ttcgaggagt tcatcatgct gatggcgagg ctaacctggg 180cctcccacga gaagatgcac gagggtgacg agggccctgg ccaccaccat aagccaggcc 240tcggggaggg caccccctaa gaccacagtg gccaagatca cagtggccac ggccacggcc 300acagtcatgg tggccacggc cacagccact aatcaggagg ccaggccacc ctgcctctac 360ccaaccaggg ccccggggcc tgttatgtca aactgtcttg gctgtggggc taggggctgg 420ggccaaataa agtctcttcc tccaaaaaaa 450
Patent applications by Praveen Sharma, Oslo NO
Patent applications by DIAGENIC AS
Patent applications in class By measuring the ability to specifically bind a target molecule (e.g., antibody-antigen binding, receptor-ligand binding, etc.)
Patent applications in all subclasses By measuring the ability to specifically bind a target molecule (e.g., antibody-antigen binding, receptor-ligand binding, etc.)