Patent application title: Schlumbergera plant named 'Sao Paulo Brazil'
Frank Rohde (Kerteminde, DK)
IPC8 Class: AA01H500FI
Publication date: 2012-09-06
Patent application number: 20120227149
A new and distinct cultivar of Schlumbergera plant named `Sao Paulo
Brazil`, characterized by its pure white colored flowers; dense and bushy
plant form; and moderate growth habit.
1. A new and distinct cultivar of Schlumbergera plant named `Sao Paulo
Brazil`, as illustrated and described herein.
LATIN NAME OF THE GENUS AND SPECIES CLAIMED
 Schlumbergera truncata hybr.
 `Sao Paulo Brazil`
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
 The present invention relates to a new and distinct cultivar of Schlumbergera plant, botanically known as Schlumbergera truncata hybr., common name Thanksgiving Cactus, and hereinafter referred to by the variety denomination `Sao Paulo Brazil`.
 The new Schlumbergera is a product of a planned breeding program conducted by the inventor, Frank Rohde, in Fyn, Denmark. The new Schlumbergera originated from an outcrossing made in 2007 by the Inventor between two proprietary cultivars of Schlumbergera truncata hybr. The female or seed parent is the Schlumbergera truncata hybr. variety designated `Jolly Dancer` (4649 D, patented). The male or pollen parent is the proprietary Schlumbergera truncata hybr. variety designated 3666 C (unpatented) . The Inventor selected the new Schlumbergera cultivar from the progeny of the above crossing in 2008 on the basis of its flower color and fairly compact, freely branching habit. Plants of the new Schlumbergera are more upright, and have a unique color combination of the flowers combined with healthy, shiny dark green phyllocladia and excellent branching.
 Asexual reproduction of the new cultivar by phyllocladia cuttings taken and propagated and trial production batches in Fyn, Denmark, has shown that the unique features of this new Schlumbergera are stable and reproduced true to type in many successive generations.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
 The following traits have been repeatedly observed and are determined to be the unique characteristics of `Sao Paulo`. These characteristics in combination distinguish `Sao Paulo` as a new and distinct cultivar:  1. Pure white flowers;  2. Large upright to vertical flowers with less reflexing of petals;  3. Moderately vigorous growth habit;  4. Higher number of flowers per plant;  5. White buds, ovoid to lanceolatoid in shape.
 Plants of the cultivar `Sao Paulo` can be compared to plants of the Schlumbergera truncata hybr. cultivar `Malissa`. However, in side-by-side comparisons conducted over several seasons by the inventor in Hundslev, Denmark, plants of the cultivar `Sao Paulo Brazil` and the cultivar `Malissa` differ in the following characteristics:  1. Plants of the new Schlumbergera have larger flowers than plants of the cultivar `Malissa`.  2. Plants of the new Schlumbergera have less reflexing petals than plants of the cultivar `Malissa`.  3. Plants of the new Schlumbergera have longer and darker green (RHS 137A) phyllocladia than plants of the cultivar `Malissa` (RHS 137B).  4. Plants of the new Schlumbergera have more serrated phyllocladia compared to `Malissa`.  5. Plants of the new Schlumbergera are taller than the plants of the cultivar `Malissa`  6. Plants of the new Schlumbergera have more flowers per plant than the plants of the cultivar `Malissa`
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
 The accompanying colored photographs illustrate the overall appearance and details of flower form color and structures of the new cultivar, showing the colors as true as it is reasonably possible to obtain in colored reproductions of this type. Colors in the photographs may differ slightly from the color values cited in the detailed botanical description, which more accurately describe the actual colors of the claimed variety.
 FIG. 1--shows a close up view of a single flower and a large bud of `Sao Paulo Brazil`.
 FIG. 2--shows a side/top view of a budding plant of `Sao Paulo Brazil`.
 FIG. 3--shows the size and shape of typical phyllocladia of `Sao Paulo Brazil`.
DETAILED BOTANICAL DESCRIPTION
 Plants of the cultivar `Sao Paulo Brazil` have not been observed under all possible environmental conditions. The phenotype may vary somewhat with variations in environment such as temperature, light intensity, day length, and fertility level without, however, any variance in genotype.
 In the following description, color references are made to The Royal Horticultural Society Colour Chart, 4th edition, where general terms of ordinary dictionary significance are used. Plants were grown under greenhouse conditions. Plants used for this description were grown for about 40 weeks after cutting.  Classification:  Botanical.--Schlumbergera truncata hybr.  Variety denomination.--`Sao Paulo Brazil`.  Parentage:  Female or seed parent.--Schlumbergera truncata hybr. `Jolly Dancer` (Patented, CPVO File No. 2002/0452).  Male or pollen parent.--Schlumbergera truncata hybr. Unnamed, non-patented cultivar (3666 A).  Propagation:  Type cutting.--Single mature phyllocladia.  Time to initiate roots.--About 30 days at 18 to 21 C in a greenhouse.  Root description.--Fine, well branched.  Plant description.--  Form.--Perennial plant (epiphyte), young plants have an upright plant habit. Schlumbergera flowers singular or double (seldom triple) at apical ends of terminal phyllocladia. Freely branching with two or three new phyllocladia forming at the apical ends of older phyllocladia.  Crop time.--After rooting, about 10 months are required to produce finished flowering plants in 9 cm pots.  Plant:  Plant height.--(soil level to top of plant, incl. flowers).--About 14 cm.  Vigor. --Slow growth rate.  Foliage.--Length: 4 to 5 cm Width: 3 to 3.5 cm, Margin: slightly serrated Texture: glabrous. Branching: once or twice. Shape: Oval, with truncate tips ending in 2 marginal protruding teeth 8 to 9 mm long, forming a claw-like shape. Edges: sparsely dentate with 6 to 7 mm long teeth. Venation: costate Thickness (at the center vein): 4-5 mm. Color: green (RHS 137A-C). Apex: Barbellate with 5 to 7 short stiff hairs, but no true areole structures.  Infloresence:  Blooming season.--October to January in the Northern hemisphere.  Longevity on plant.--Highly dependent on temperature and light conditions; generally 5 to 6 days. Flowers are persistent with petals folding and withering slowly.  Buds.--Aspect: upright Length: 4.5 cm Diameter: 10 mm diameter Shape: lanceolatoid to ovoid, (globular) Color: RHS 145D, Light green, to RHS N155A, white.  Flowers.--Arrangement: Single or double sessile flowers on apical phyllocladia. Shape: tubular, zygomorphic and at right angles to the phyllocladium when mature. During development perianth lobes may become reflexed or refracted (more pronounced). Diameter: 8 to 10 cm Height: 7 cm Petal Color: Upper surfaces, lobe edges RHS N155A, white with stripes and throat turning to RHS 76D light purple if temperatures during development are low (i.e., less than 18 degrees C.).  Stamen.--Number: many, polyandrous, Shape: incurved. Some filaments fused to perianth tube (connate) Color: translucent white--RHS 155D Length: 65 to 70 mm.  Anther.--Shape: ovoid Color: RHS 11C, light yellow. Length:1 mm.  Pistil and stigma.--Length: 60 mm Shape: slightly curved. Stigma has claw-like shape. Color RHS N74A, purple.  Ovary.--Length: 4-5 mm long, Shape: angular Color: RHS 144A, yellow green.  Seeds: None observed.  Weather tolerance: Good tolerance to drought.