Patent application title: CONDOM
Daniel Resnic (Culver City, CA, US)
IPC8 Class: AA61F604FI
Class name: Surgery male reproductory tract shields or birth control devices (e.g., prophylactics, vas deferens valves, etc.) condoms
Publication date: 2012-06-21
Patent application number: 20120152258
This invention relates to condoms, prophylactics and contraceptive
devices made of silicone rubber having a body with an open end and a
closed end, a first collar proximate to the open end, a second collar
adjacent to the first collar, and a series of accordion pleats on the
body, wherein the accordion pleats can independently expand or contract.
1. A condom comprising: a body with an open end and a closed end, said
body extending along a longitudinal axis; a first collar proximate to
said open end; a second collar adjacent to said first collar; a series of
accordion pleats on said body between said second collar and said closed
end, each said accordion pleat defined by a first surface that extends
away from said longitudinal axis of said body and a second surface that
slopes toward said longitudinal axis of said body, such that a crease is
formed at each intersection of said first and second surfaces; wherein
said condom is made of silicone rubber such as to enable each of said
accordion pleats to have sufficient structural rigidity to independently
expand or contract.
2. The condom of claim 1, wherein said first collar is adapted to engage an external side of a body orifice during sex to prevent said condom from slipping into said body orifice, said collar having a diameter of at least 2.50 inches.
3. A condom having a body with an open end and a closed end, said condom comprising; a first collar proximate to said open end; a second collar adjacent to said first collar; a series of accordion pleats on said body between said second collar and said closed end, each said accordion pleat defined by a first surface and a second surface, said first and second surfaces folding along a crease at an intersection of said first and second surfaces; wherein said condom is made of silicone rubber such as to enable each of said accordion pleats to have sufficient structural rigidity to independently expand or contract.
 This application is a continuation of Ser. No. 12/814,647, filed on
Jun. 14, 2010.
FIELD OF THE INVENTION
 This invention relates to a condom for contraceptive and prophylactic use. In particular, this invention relates to an improved receptive condom for use in vaginal or anal intercourse, to prevent sexually transmitted diseases.
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
 The present invention is directed to overcoming problems associated with traditional thin membrane condoms in the fight against sexually transmitted diseases, including the spread of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) that can result in acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS).
 Protection from sexually transmitted diseases is a public health concern that affects all people, regardless of sexual orientation, nationality and age group. Since the onset of AIDS in the early 1980s, the AIDS pandemic has particularly affected the gay community, with gay men comprising approximately two-thirds of all AIDS cases in the United States. However, an increasing number of heterosexual women and men are becoming infected. In the fight against the spread of AIDS, the medical profession, as well as governmental and health organizations, have strongly advocated the use condoms to combat the transmission of HIV. Condoms conventionally come in male and female varieties.
 A male condom is of the type worn on the penis by the active male partner during sexual intercourse. The traditional male condom has an elongated tubular sheath, typically made of a thin, soft material such as latex or polyurethane, or some type of fine animal skin. The condom is conventionally made quite thin in order to provide acceptable tactile stimulation for the active male user.
 The tubular sheath of the male condom is open at one end for insertion of the penis, and closed at the other end to trap ejaculate of seminal fluids. The conventional condom is donned by unrolling, stretching and pulling the sheath onto the erect penis. In most varieties, the open end generally has a peripheral bead that function as a constricted rim to prevent the condom from slipping.
 Generally, the male condom is elastically fitted to the penis, and during coitus it remains outstretched and taut, which can increase the hazard of the condom being torn during use. The integrity of the condom can also be comprised by leakage and slippage. Hence, male condoms are well known to be only partially effective in the prevention of sexually transmitted diseases, such as HIV. Studies have shown that commercial thin membrane latex male condoms can have a failure rate up to 17%.
 Not only do traditional male condoms have an unacceptably high risk of failure, such condoms also suffer from a number of other shortcomings that can discourage their use, thus inhibiting their effectiveness in the fight against the spread of AIDS. One drawback is that the use of a condom can interrupt sexual activity because the condom has to be donned on the erect penis after arousal. Another drawback is that after sexual intercourse is completed, the condom may slip off as the penis softens, which may cause unwanted leakage of semen and/or infectious matter.
 Yet another disadvantage of the traditional male condom is the loss of sensation experienced by the active male caused by the fact that the condom must be tight-fitting in order to stay in place. The conventional condom does not permit adequate sensitivity for the active male during sexual intercourse because it constricts sensation. Also, because the condom is fitted to move along with the penis, it prevents direct tactile contact and friction between the penis of the active partner and the vaginal or rectal wall of the passive partner during sexual intercourse.
 Not least, most traditional male condoms are typically constructed in a single, standard size, which does not accommodate penises of different sizes. Such construction can be uncomfortable for the male wearer when the standard size will not fit.
 In addition to male condoms, there are also female condoms, which are barrier devices made to be worn internally by the female partner. The conventional female condom is typically comprised of a thin, pouch liner with a closed end and a large open end that is generally provided with a stiff ring, attached to hold the mouth of the liner open outside of the vagina and another inside, loose ring to position the closed end at the cervix.
 One of the disadvantages of a female (i.e. receptive) condom is that there is a risk that the condom can slip or become dislodged during sexual intercourse. For a female condom to be an effective barrier to pregnancy and/or the transmission of sexual diseases, it is essential that, even during repeated and rigorous contacts, the penis is unable to penetrate the vagina outside the condom. A number of condoms have attempted to address such problems.
 An example of a female condom is disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 4,945,923 to Evans et al. This patent discloses a contraceptive device to be worn by a female, having an outer ring adapted to be positioned exterior to the vaginal introitus of a wearer and an inner ring adapted to anchor the inner end of the device to the cervix of the wearer so that the device will not inadvertently fall out of the vaginal cavity.
 Another example of a female condom is disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 6,223,747 to Rudge et al., which discloses an embodiment having a large ring and beyond it at the open end a smaller ring having a diameter about half that of the large ring. According to Rudge et al., when used to insert the condom into the vagina the penis is passed through the small ring as well as the larger ring, which remains outside the vagina. When the penis is subsequently withdrawn, it is gripped lightly by the smaller ring so that the condom is simultaneously withdrawn form the vagina. Rudge et al. teaches that the ring remains outside the vaginal cavity. Rudge et al. further discloses that the female condom has grooves so that it folds in a bellows like manner in order to be collapsible to a substantially flat condition prior to use.
 Like most common commercial condoms, the condom disclosed by Rudge et al. is formed of latex or polyurethane by a dip moulding process. Because it is made of thin latex, the condom is flaccid and thus susceptible to bunching during use. Specifically, the rounded grooves taught by Rudge et al. are formed with a thin flaccid membrane and do not have sufficient structural rigidity to collapse without bunching Nor do the grooves facilitate the expansion or contraction of the condom. And the grooves do not function to improve traction between the condom and the cavity of the receptive partner.
 U.S. Pat. No. 7,047,975 to Austin et al. discloses a female condom having an outer ring and an inner ring. The outer ring is sized such that it is disposed externally, generally contacting the region surrounding the vaginal opening (the vulva), and the perineum of the female user. The inner ring is configured and disposed in relation to the outer ring such that when the female condom is inserted into the vaginal canal and is fully deployed, the inner ring locates itself and presses against inclined vaginal wall surfaces at a distal side of introitus.
 Lastly, there is known a hybrid male and female condom. U.S. Pat. No. 4,798,600 to Meadows discloses a condom having a first ring at the opening of the condom and a second ring midway along the length of the condom sheath, such that the second ring effectively divides the condom into a male portion and a female portion. Meadows discloses that the first ring functions to hold the condom snugly around the penis to prevent the penis from sliding out of the condom. The second ring maintains the condom in a centered position during intercourse so that the male portion and female portion are each properly positioned. In Meadows, the second ring does not have sufficient structure to be inserted into the vaginal cavity; rather, it sits on the outside of the vaginal opening.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
 In view of the foregoing, it is an object of the present invention to provide a condom that is safer than available commercial condoms.
 It is an object of the present invention to provide an improved condom for use in receptive intercourse.
 It is an object of the present invention to provide an improved condom that can be applied before intercourse so as not to interrupt the sexual activity.
 It is an object of the present invention to provide an improved condom that does not slip during intercourse.
 It is an object of the present invention to provide an improved condom that can loosely accommodate a penis so as not to cause loss of sensation.
 It is an object of the present invention to provide an improved condom that can enhance direct tactile contact and friction between the penis of the internal condom wall during sexual intercourse.
 It is an object of the present invention to provide an improved condom that can readily stretch beyond one size to accommodate penises of different sizes, from smaller to extra large.
 In accordance with the objects of the present invention, a condom according to an embodiment of the invention has a sheath body with an open end and a closed end, two collars proximate to the open end, and a series of accordion pleats on the sheath body. Unlike most common condoms that have a single ring at the open end, the condom according to this embodiment has two flanged collars. The first collar is an external flange at the open end of the condom body, which functions to engage the outside of an orifice when the condom is inserted into a body cavity. The second collar is an internal flange located on the neck of the condom in proximity, or adjacent, to the first collar. When the condom is inserted into a body cavity, the second collar is engaged on the inside of the orifice to prevent the condom from slipping out of the body cavity.
 The sheath body of the condom has a series of circular accordion pleats. The pleats enable the condom to contract or expand along the longitudinal axis of the condom as necessary to fit the body cavity and to accommodate the penis. In order for the pleats to expand and contract as desired, the condom is made of heavy gauge silicone, with a thickness of at least 0.06 inches, so that the condom has a structural rigidity that enables each pleat to contract or expand independently of the other pleats. This contributes to the mechanical "pop" action that facilitates the automatic expansion and contraction of the condom. And in this way, each pleat segment can expand or contract without causing the entire condom to become too springy. The pleats also minimize bunching, thereby facilitating insertion of the condom into the body cavity. Further, the folds of the pleats improve traction between the condom and the cavity, and the accordion contraction and expansion of the condom can enhance sensation during sexual activity.
 In a preferred embodiment of the invention, the pleats are of varying diameters. The smaller pleats can stack in a bowl shape inside the larger pleats, which allows the condom to be compressed substantially flat to facilitate packaging.
 In order to make a condom according to the objectives of the present invention, the condom is preferably made from heavy gauge silicone so that the condom is sufficiently thick to have sufficient structural rigidity and tensile strength to function as described. Conventional condoms, commonly made from latex or other thin materials, do not provide the requisite structural rigidity and tensile strength to enable the pleated construction described herein.
 To make a thick condom having the features of the present invention, it is necessary to employ a method of injection molding using heavy gauge silicone. A 2-part silicone polymer is forced into a mold cavity where it is heated and then hardens to the configuration of the condom having the features of the present invention, allowing the condom to be molded with pleats, collars, and ribs as described. By contrast, conventional thin condoms are made by a dipping process. The basic consideration in fabricating conventional condoms is to make the condoms as thin as possible to maximize the transfer of sensation through the material. Since the goal is to optimize thinness (not thickness), the most popular commercial condoms are made of latex. Typically, latex condoms are made feeding a latex compound into temperature-controlled tanks into which glass formers are dipped. The formers pick up a thin film of latex. The latex coating is then dried and, after drying, the condoms are then passed through an oven to vulcanize the latex. This dipping process is ineffective for making thick condoms with the pleats as described.
 The present condom provides a more comfortable fit for the active partner as it loosely accommodates the penis so that movement of the penis is possible during coitus. The condom also provides increased stimulation for the passive partner because the accordion pleats rub against the vaginal or rectal wall during intercourse.
 An important aspect of the present condom is that it can be used either as a male or female condom. The condom can be donned on a penis as a male condom by inserting the penis until the accordion pleats extend to the desired length. Unlike the familiar rolled condom that must be unrolled down the shaft of the penis, and which can be difficult for the consumer to orient correctly, the present condom can be easily donned without unrolling by manually extending it to insert the penis, or the penis can be inserted directly into the collapsed condom. The condom will automatically expand in response to the insertion of the penis.
 The present condom can also function as a receptive condom by inserting it into the vaginal or anal cavity prior to sexual activity. It is contemplated that the novel characteristics of the condom make it uniquely suited as a prophylactic device for receptive vaginal or anal intercourse. As a receptive condom it may be applied prior to intercourse without requiring the participation or acquiescence of the active partner. Since the receptive condom may be inserted before intercourse, it does not necessarily interrupt or interfere with the sexual intercourse.
 The condom suffers from none of the limitations inherent in latex condoms. Under laboratory testing, latex condoms have proven to have deficient strength (e.g. tensile and tear properties) and durability, and are also allergic. Most importantly, it is widely known in the art and independent testing has shown that latex condoms do not provide 100% protection against sexually communicable diseases, such as HIV. Because the condom of the present invention is made of silicone rubber, it has demonstrated superior strength and durability, providing 100% protection against the transmission of sexually transmitted diseases as well as protection against unintentional pregnancies.
 While the foregoing describes the present invention in relation to the drawings and embodiments, it is to be understood that the description is not intended to limit the scope of the invention to the drawings or embodiments described herein. To the contrary, the description is intended to cover all alternative modifications and equivalents that may be included in the spirit and the scope of the invention as defined by the appended claims.
DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
 FIG. 1 is a side view of an embodiment of the invention.
 FIG. 2 is a section view of the embodiment shown in FIG. 1.
 FIG. 3 is a front view of the embodiment shown in FIG. 3.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
 As shown in FIGS. 1, 2 and 3, the condom 1 of the present invention has a sheath body 10 with a proximal end 20 that is open and a distal end 30 that is closed. In a preferred embodiment, the open end 20 has a diameter of approximately 1.0 inch, although the opening can expand to at least three times that diameter due to the condom 1 being made of stretchable material, such as heavy gauge silicone rubber.
 At the open end 20, the condom 1 has a first collar 40. In a preferred embodiment, the first collar 40 is defined by an annular flanged rim 42 that is turned towards the sheath body 10 as shown in FIG. 2, and preferably having a diameter of at least 2.5 inches.
 Adjacent to first collar 40 is a second collar 50, somewhat smaller than first collar 40, the second collar 50 having a diameter of approximately 2.0 inches. The second collar 50 is similarly defined by an annular flanged rim 52 that is turned towards the first collar 40 as shown in FIG. 2, forming a neck portion 60 between first collar 40 and second collar 50. In an embodiment of the invention, the neck portion 60 has a plurality of ribs 62 arranged in parallel to the longitudinal axis about the circumference of neck portion 60. The plurality of ribs 62 function to strengthen the neck portion 60 so as to minimize twisting during sexual activity.
 Condom 1 has a plurality of accordion pleats 70 on the sheath body 10. Each of the pleats 70 form a V-shaped fold, defined by a first surface 70a that extends away from the longitudinal axis A of the body 10 and a second surface 70b that slopes toward the longitudinal axis A, such that a crease is formed at each intersection of the surfaces 70a and 70b. In a preferred embodiment as shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, there are four pleats 72, 74, 76, 78 that form the sheath body between the second collar 50 and the closed end 30. Each pleat 72, 74, 76, 78 is formed in a V-shaped configuration, such that they define a series of adjoining peaks and valleys. The peaks and valleys of the pleats 70 are of varying dimensions. As shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, which shows the condom 1 in a normally expanded state prior to use but not the fully distended state of use, the outer diameters (defined as peak to peak in the cross-section) range from approximately 1.5 inches to 1.8, and the inner diameter (defined as trough to trough in the cross-section) range from approximately 0.8 inches to 1.0 inches, though these dimensions can vary greatly because the condom 1 is stretchable and expandable.
 In order for the pleats 70 to expand and contract as necessary to fit the body cavity and accommodate the penis, the condom 1 must be made to have sufficient structural rigidity and tensile strength. Latex and other traditional thin materials from which conventional condoms are commonly made do not provide the requisite structural rigidity and tensile strength to enable the pleated construction described herein. The condom of the present invention is made of heavy gauge silicone. In a preferred embodiment of the invention, the heavy gauge silicone is at least 0.06 inches thick, so that the pleats 72, 74, 76 and 78 have sufficient structural rigidity to enable each one to independently contract or expand. The heavy gauge silicone must be sufficiently thick for the pleats 70 to be substantially creased along the folds because the creasing permits each pleat to expand or contract by itself, one at a time, so that the overall expansion and compression of the condom 1 is not too springy. This contributes to the mechanical "pop" action that facilitates the automatic expansion and contraction of the condom. The creasing of the pleats also prevents the condom from collapsing laterally, thus enabling the penis to slide freely in the condom 1. The creasing not only helps to prevent or minimize bunching, the folds of the pleats 70 improve traction between the condom and the cavity. The creasing and the movements of the pleats also enhance sensation during sexual activity.
 To use condom 1 for vaginal intercourse, for example, the closed end 30 is inserted into the vagina, with the first collar 40 at the open end 20 functioning to engage the outside of the vaginal opening. The second collar 50 functions to engage the inside of the vaginal opening to prevent the condom from slipping out of the body cavity.
Patent applications by Daniel Resnic, Culver City, CA US
Patent applications in class Condoms
Patent applications in all subclasses Condoms