Patent application title: MEDICAL NON REUSABLE SYRINGES
Baby Manoj Pournamii Peethambaran (Kerala, IN)
Baby Manoj Pournami Peethambarn
IPC8 Class: AA61M550FI
Class name: Treating material introduced into or removed from body orifice, or inserted or removed subcutaneously other than by diffusing through skin material introduced or removed through conduit, holder, or implantable reservoir inserted in body having means for preventing reuse of device
Publication date: 2012-05-17
Patent application number: 20120123333
The invention is a single use syringe having an integrated mechanism to
prevent its reuse, by manual intentional destruction after use, by an
easy move. This prevents the reuse of syringes which may result in
disease transmission if it is contaminated. It prevents auto destruction
at an unwanted period so that it can be used for multiple purposes like
blood aspiration and injection for a single patient and then dispose it
as the medical staff stop attending that individual, thus saving valuable
resources and generating less plastic waste. The manufacturing process is
simple and brings not much added cost or special training for operation.
The step for destruction is simple and quick without the aid of any
special equipment, additional staff or electricity.
10. A syringe with focal area of lower thickness on its outer piece which may be placed on its outer, inner or both aspects, which may be of any size, shape or depth depending on the properties of the material used, this thin portion being generally placed along the radius of the barrel but can be oblique, the thin portion being adapted to be placed anywhere along the barrel, being preferably placed along the needle connecting hub of the syringe, whereby the hub is broken through this thin part under manual pressure with a needle connected on to it, the broken part of the hub is left inside the needle, rendering, both the needle and the syringe non reusable.
11. A syringe according to claim 10 wherein linear, circumferential or combined buttressing or thickened area created on the outer piece of the syringe, along its outer or inner surface or both, these being used to direct the force lines along the outer piece of the syringe so that a point or zone that is highly prone to breakage is created, generally located in and around the thin area on the outer piece and also adapted be added inside the connecting hub of the needle.
12. A syringe according to claim 11 further including sharp or hard parts to assist breaking.
13. A syringe according to claim 11 further including modifications in the buttressing as projections, elongations or caps, or a combination of these, to enhance the ease of applying pressure and to prevent spillage of blood or other fluids inside the syringe, to the operator and the surroundings upon breakage.
14. A syringe comprising inward projections from the inner aspect of the outer piece of the syringe, near its needle attaching end and connected to the outer aspect of the outer piece of the syringe by a corrugated thin membrane, these inner projections getting locked to the grooves on the inner piece of syringe as the inner piece of the syringe passes beyond them wherein on pulling the inner piece of the syringe out of its outer part, the inner projections get stretched and cause the corrugated portion to break off rendering the outer part of the syringe non reusable by this easy outward movement, thereby making the barrel, the critical component of the syringe, non reusable, thereby ensuring a mechanism that cannot be deactivated intentionally before use, during use or after use by any means.
15. A syringe according to claim 14 but with corrugated portion replaced by a thin elastic membrane.
16. A syringe according to claim 14 but without corrugated portion, where the inner projections simply projects from the inner aspect of the outer piece but have area to accommodate them on the wall as the inner piece passes beyond them, the bases of the projections being surrounded by a circular thin area to assist ripping to prevent vacuum creation.
17. A syringe according to claim 14 with the inner piece or the plunger having grooves on its piston head, at the side facing the exterior, located with inward angulations parallel to the inclination of the inner projections of the outer piece, thereby accommodating and locking the inner projections, these being located so that the inner projections get locked to them as the piston head of the inner piece pass beyond the inner projections of the outer piece of the syringe during forward movement, these grooves accommodating projections well inside, to give adequate leverage to rip the thin corrugated membrane or equivalents.
18. A syringe according to claim 14 wherein the groove is generally guarded by a disc located between it and the exterior.
 The non reusable syringe is a new hot topic in medical field as these are expected to reduce transmission of many fatal diseases. But integrating the quality of non reusability to the syringes is continuing as a challenge. Most designs patented are complex in structure and are costly. Few of them needs special training to operate. The simpler ones are easily damageable and may fail during the operation. The current invention is an attempt to reduce the complexity and to prolong the functional capability to a reasonable length of time for proper operation.
FIELD OF INVENTION
 Medical profession is standing helpless in front of fatal viral diseases like HIV and hepatitis. These are mostly transmitted by homo or heterosexual contact. But there are those people who become the innocent victims for these fatal diseases by the usage of blood products and contaminated instruments. Another group is intravenous drug addicts who secure illegal drugs from illegal sources and share syringes for drug administration; but for these people securing a syringe of their choice is possible through the same illegal source. So making good awareness and supplying safer syringes with non reusable quality integrated into them is the way to prevent disease transmission if illicit drug transport and trade is not that easy to eradicate.
 The re usage of disposable syringes has been identified as a major cause for transmission of diseases between individuals by most of the health care agencies; and is identified as an easily preventable cause for disease transmission.
 The WHO, UNICEF, UNFPA and many governmental and non governmental agencies across the world has started taking measures to block this easily preventable mode of disease transmission.
 Present invention is a medical non reusable syringe that can be used for multiple uses on a single patient in single sitting and destroyed after attending that patient by a simple inherent mechanism.
 STATE OF THE ART IN THE FIELD
 The current methods of preventing reuse of disposable syringes are
 1--Using non reusable syringe-which get spoiled after single use
 2--Using separate mechanism to destroy syringes after their usage
 Non reusable syringes are being promoted by most of the international and local government agencies as an effective mode of preventing disease transmission. And this mainly operates by destroying the piston or plunger of the syringe, which get damaged after single use.
 Complex mechanisms of rendering the syringes non reusable are described in various patent write ups
 The non reusable syringes can be auto damageable syringes or it can be damaged voluntarily by a simple move.
 But most of these mechanisms make syringes which are simple structures to complex structures which are costly and many need special mode of operation for proper use. And this needs special training.
 The separate syringe destroyers are special instruments that cut syringes through its tip, rendering the syringe non reusable. But this is a separate machine and need separate time and action for destruction of used disposable syringes. In many busy hospitals this job is done by separate staff and this increases the need for work force as well as proper monitoring
OBJECT OF INVENTION
 Reuse of disposable syringes carry a risk of transmission of diseases as the sterilization of these easily damageable materials is often incomplete for fear of loss of functional integrity of the unit. And they are not manufactured to the quality needed for reuse.
 There is risk of transmission of diseases by contaminated syringes and is a preventable cause for disease transmission.
 The many non reusable syringe models available are set to work for one withdrawal and one forward movement, beyond which it will not work . . . they may prevent disease transmission among intravenous drug abusers, but is a headache for common medical personnel; unless they have extremely skilled and expert hands. Any single patient if need to have blood withdrawal and IV and IM injections need many syringes resulting in wastage of valuable resources and more plastic waste to dispose.
 So the hospital supply syringes must be adequate to perform multiple actions in a single sitting on the same patient and can be easily destroyed by the end of attending every single patient.
 The syringe described fulfills the above qualities.
STATEMENT OF INVENTION
 The invention is involved in creating an easily damageable area on the barrel of the syringe, which holds the piston or Plunger inside it. The barrel is the most critical portion of manufacturing and the act to render the syringe non reusable is primarily targeted on it.
 The concept is to create a thin area along the circumference of the barrel on its outer surface near its middle or near its ends with longitudinal and circumferential buttressing close to this groove and is the hospital supply model recommended.
 For over the counter model there will be additional teeth like mechanism arising from the inner surface of the barrel which snap to permit the passage of the plunger across it but prevents its return by a snap lock system. The special feature Of this snap lock system is that they are connected to the outer surface of the barrel through gills which are out pouching with corrugated surfaces. These allow free movement of the plunger and prevent the regurgitation of the fluid being injected by the syringe. This system allows smooth injection and ripping of the gills on attempting to pull back the plunger once it is fully pushed up the barrel
 DETAILED DESCRIPTION WITH DRAWINGS
 In order to facilitate better understanding of the invention a detailed description of the preferred embodiments of the present invention will now be explained with reference, to accompanying drawings. It should be understood that the discussed embodiments are merely exemplary to the invention, which may be embodied in various forms. Therefore the details disclosed herein are not to be interpreted limiting but merely as the basis for claims and as the basis for teaching one skilled in the art, how to make or use the invention.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS
 FIG. 1 represents a vertical elevation of a syringe with a circular groove marked as G along the outer surface of the barrel and is generally located towards the needle attaching end of the outer piece of the syringe. OPT represent the outer part and IPT represent the inner part of the syringe.
 Figure II is the image representing few examples of various types of buttressing possible; marked on the syringe as shaded area. They are placed to enhance the breakage of the thin area between them.
 Figure III is showing three different patterns of inner projections and their cross sectional images. The figure of syringe showing inner projection "IP" and corrugated connection to the outer surface "CC" with the groove "GIP" on the inner piece to trap the inner projection of outer piece is shown in figure "III a". The inner projection without corrugated connection is shown in figure "III b" and a thin elastic connection instead of corrugated connection in figure "III c". the corresponding cross sections at the level of inner projections and inner piece with its groove "GIP" to be locked with the inner projections is shown to the right.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION WITH DRAWINGS
 The invention introduces two new properties to the disposable syringes to prevent their re usage.
 The first property is a voluntary non reusable method where the medical personnel damage the syringe by a simple voluntary motion after its usage.
 The second property is locking the syringe by the end of using the syringe, and any attempt to reuse the syringe will involuntarily damage the syringe to make it auto nonreusable.
 The figure I and figure II represent incorporation of the property of voluntary nonreusability to the syringe.
 Figure I
 This gives the image of vertical elevation of the outer part of the syringe. This part carries a focal rarified or thinned area on its outer aspect and is marked as "G". It is along this line the syringe breaks away on applying pressure.
 Figure II
 This gives the images of various types of buttressing or thickenings on the outer aspect of the outer part of syringes so that the force applied along the buttressing tend to travel along them and make the thin area represented in the figure I more liable to damage under pressure.
 The figure III represents the property of involuntary non reusability to the syringe.
 Figure III
 This gives the image of the outer and inner piece of the syringe along with cross section through the locking mechanism. The figure "III a" shows the inner projection of any size that is projected from the inner aspect of the outer part of the syringe and is represented by the letter "IP". From the outer and lateral aspect of these projections a corrugated membrane is connected to the outer aspect of the outer part of the syringe. The purpose of these connections is to allow the inner projections to yield outward permitting the inner part of the syringe to pass beyond them. The corresponding defect covered with the corrugated membrane on the same portion of the outer part of the syringe allows free accommodation of the inner projection with minimal or no regurgitation of fluid into the corrugated part or to the exterior.
 Once the inner part is passed beyond the inner projection the inner projection comes back towards its normal position and gets locked to the groove "GIP" on the inner part of the syringe. Any attempt to pull back this inner piece will result in tearing apart of the thin corrugated portion "CC". The figure "III b" represents another possible model where the inner projections "IP" is simply projecting from the inner aspect of the syringe and will get locked to the groove "GIP" on the inner part of the syringe .
 The figure "III c" represents another model where the corrugated membrane "CC" is replaced by a thin elastic membrane. This thin elastic membrane functions for the corrugated membrane in a similar manner.
 The above two properties can be incorporated to a syringe either alone or in a combined manner to render it non reusable depending on the demand at the end user.
 The foregoing description of the preferred embodiments is provided to enable any person skilled in the art to make or use the present invention. The various modifications to these embodiments will be readily apparent to those skilled in the art, and the generic principles defined herein may be applied to other embodiments without the use of the inventive faculty. Thus the present invention is not intended to be limited to the embodiments shown herein but is to be accorded the widest scope consistent with the principles and novel features disclosed herein. Various changes and modifications may be made therein without departing from the spirit of the invention. Such changes and modifications are to be understood as included within the scope of the present invention as defined by the appended claims unless they depart there from
SCOPE OF INVENTION
 The mechanism adopted in syringes can be extended to other disposable equipments which have hazardous consequences on re usage.
Patent applications in class Having means for preventing reuse of device
Patent applications in all subclasses Having means for preventing reuse of device