Patent application title: Trehalose-containing topical drying composition and method of using same
Frank P. Marchese (Bronxville, NY, US)
Xinghua Pan (Hamden, CT, US)
Harold J. Mermelstein (Bronx, NY, US)
IPC8 Class: AA61K860FI
Class name: Drug, bio-affecting and body treating compositions anti-perspirants or perspiration deodorants
Publication date: 2011-12-29
Patent application number: 20110318291
A topical drying composition is providing containing trehalose as the
effective moisture (sweat) removing ingredient. The composition may be
used in aqueous form or preferably as a cream and in addition to
trehalose it contains several ingredients such as sorbitan monolaurate,
polysorbitan, a moisturizer, a thickener, a softener, an antibacterial
agent and a pH adjusting component to adjust the pH of the composition
between about 5.5 to about 7.5. Sterilized water is used as the carrier
for the composition.
The topical composition can be applied to the area which is vulnerable to
sweating after vigorous exercise in order to moisturize sweating on the
1. A topical drying composition comprising trehalose as the effective
skin drying ingredient, in an aqueous buffer solution.
2. The composition of claim 1, comprising trehalose in an amount effective for removal of sweat or moisture from skin.
3. The composition of claim 1, wherein the composition comprises a buffer to control the pH of the composition.
4. The composition of claim 3, wherein the pH of the composition is between about 5.5 and about 7.0.
5. A method of removing topical moisture produced on the skin of a person resulting from perspiration comprising applying to a desired area of the skin of the person a topical drying composition comprising trehalose as the effective skin drying ingredient, in an aqueous buffer solution.
6. The method of claim 5, wherein the composition comprises trehalose in an amount effective for removal of sweat or moisture from skin.
7. The method of claim 5, wherein the composition comprises a buffer to control the pH of the composition.
8. The method of claim 7, wherein the pH of the composition is between about 5.5 and about 7.0.
9. The method of claim 5, wherein the perspiration is due to exercise.
10. The method of claim 5, wherein the perspiration is associated with playing tennis.
11. The method of claim 5, wherein the perspiration is associated with golfing.
12. The method of claim 5, wherein the perspiration is associated with aerobics.
13. The method of claim 5, wherein the perspiration is associated with strenuous sweat-producing activity.
14. The method of claim 5, wherein the topical drying composition is applied to an area of skin of the person that is vulnerable to sweating.
15. The method of claim 5, wherein the topical drying composition is applied to the hands of the person.
16. A method of removing topical moisture produced on the hands of a person resulting from perspiration comprising applying to the hands of the person a topical drying composition comprising trehalose as the effective skin drying ingredient.
17. The method of claim 16, wherein the topical drying composition is in the form of an aqueous buffer solution.
18. The method of claim 16, wherein the topical drying composition is in the form of a cream.
19. The method of claim 16, wherein the perspiration is due to exercise.
20. The method of claim 16, wherein the perspiration is associated with playing tennis, golfing, aerobics or other strenuous sweat-producing activity.
 This application is a continuation of co-pending application Ser. No. 12/214,863 filed Jun. 24, 2008.
FIELD OF THE INVENTION
 The present invention relates generally to topical drying composition and is particularly related to topical drying composition containing effective amount of trehalose as the drying ingredient. In its more specific aspect, this invention relates to a topical drying composition containing an effective amount of trehalose which enhances drying the skin when it is topically applied to the skin of persons, such as athletes, after perspiration due to exercise, such as playing tennis, golf, aerobics or after other strenuous sweat-producing activities.
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
 Trehalose is a known non-reducing disaccharide composed of D.sub.+glucose units. It is a white, odorless, sweet-tasting powder and, like maltose, is about 45% as sweet as sugar and has a very low hydroscopicity (moisture attraction). Trehalose is found in honey, bread, beer and seafood and there are several prior art patents relating to various uses of trehalose. For example, U.S. Pat. No. 4,839,164 discloses cosmetic compositions containing trehalose which increase the penetration of certain therapeutically beneficial ingredients into the skin thereby enhancing the therapeutic effects of those ingredients on the skin. The trehalose is used in a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier and several trehalose-containing formulations are disclosed in said patent, such as shampoo formulations, hair-conditioning formulations, skin care gel formulations, lotions, and skin care creams.
 U.S. Pat. No. 5,543,513 discloses the use of anhydrous trehalose as a desiccant for dehydrating various products such as dehydrated food as well as dehydrated pharmaceuticals. High-quality food products having reduced moisture content can be prepared by incorporating anhydrous trehalose into food products having relatively high moisture content thereby converting the anhydrous trehalose into hydrous crystalline trehalose.
 U.S. Pat. No. 6,555,526 discloses an ophthalmic pharmaceutical composition comprising trehalose as the effective ingredient. As disclosed in said patent, there are three types of optical isomers of trehalose, i.e., ∝,∝-trehalose, ∝,β-trehalose and β,β-trehalose. All isomers exert therapeutic and/or prophylactic effect on signs of Sjorgen syndrome.
 U.S. Pat. No. 6,723,170 discloses a crystalline trehalose dihydrate with low hydroscopicity. Variety of uses are disclosed for the crystalline trehalose dihydrate, including its use as a sweetener, taste-improving agent, in feeds and pet foods for animals, in soaps, skin creams, body shampoos, hair creams, moisture-controlling agent and a host of other uses disclosed in said patent.
 Notwithstanding a variety of uses of trehalose disclosed in the prior art patents, none, so far is known, recognize the efficacy of trehalose for use in a topical drying composition.
 Therefore, it is an object of the present invention to use trehalose in a topical drying composition.
 It is a further object of the present invention to provide a topical drying composition containing trehalose as the effective ingredient for sweat removal.
 It is also an object of this invention to provide a topical drying composition containing effective amount of trehalose and a suitable carrier:
 It is another object of this invention to provide a method of drying the skin by the topical application of trehalose-containing composition in which trehalose is the effective skin drying ingredient.
 The foregoing and other objects and features of the present invention will be more clearly understood from the ensuing description and illustrative examples.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
 This invention provides a topical drying composition containing an effective amount of trehalose, in hydrous and/or anhydrous form, in an acceptable carrier such as sterilized water. The composition further includes sorbitan monolaurate, polysorbitan and a pH adjuster in an amount to adjust the pH of the composition between about 5.5 to about 7.5. The pH adjusting ingredient may be sodium chloride, potassium chloride, sodium hydrogen phosphate and borax, or a mixtures thereof.
 The composition of this invention may be prepared in cream form and thus may include a thickener such as carbomer Ultrex 10, EDTA softener, moisturizer such as dimethicone 200, cocoa butter to impart smoothness to the cream, and antibacterial agent such as sodium benzoate and potassium benzoate.
 The composition; whether in aqueous solution form or as a cream, is applied to the skin in the areas which are vulnerable to perspiration after vigorous exercise. When tested by several volunteers, they responded with virtually no perspiration after several hours of vigorous exercise in a gym on a bicycle or treadmill, or even after several miles of jogging when normally the subjects experienced perspiration in the past when they did not apply the composition.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
 The topical drying compositions of this invention are provided as aqueous solutions or preferably as creams with desirable consistency. The trehalose ingredient in these compositions may be the hydrous form, anhydrous form or mixture of the hydrous and anhydrous trehalose, and the composition may include a "buffer" as hereinafter described in order to control the pH at a desired level. An antibacterial agent may also be included in or due to impart antibacterial property to the composition.
 The following illustrative examples describe the preparation of various trehalose-containing compositions containing various other necessary and/or desired ingredients in addition to the essential ingredients. All parts are expressed by weight and weight percent.
 204 grams of distilled water was charged to a reaction vessel equipped with a stirrer, at room temperature and ambient pressure. Thereafter, 2.5 grams of a thickener, (Ultrex 10), polyacrylic acid thickener available from B.F. Goodrich, Co. was added slowly and mixed with the water in the vessel, followed by addition of 1.5 grams of ethylene dramine tetra acetic acid (EDTA), with continuous agitation resulting in mixture A. The clear mixture was then heated to 45° C.
 A separate mixture (Mixture B) was prepared containing 40 grams sorbitan monolaurate (Arlacel 20 available from Ruger Chemical Co., Inc.) 85 grams of polysorbate (Tween 20 available from Ruger Chemical Co., Inc.) 23 grams of cocoa butter, 10 grams of dimethicone 200 (polydimethylsiloxane) available from Dow Corning, a moisturizer having a viscosity of 700 cps, 3 grams of 1% of sodium benzoate and 1.5 grams of 1% potassium sorbate (antibacterial agent), and the resulting mixture was heated to 60° C. with constant stirring. Mixture B was then slowly added to the vessel containing mixture A resulting in the formation of homogeneous cream. The resulting cream was allowed to cool to 35° C., followed by the addition of aqueous solution of 40 grams of hydrous trehalose in 100 grams of sterilized water and mixed for 2 hours. The following table lists the ingredients of the resulting cream.
TABLE-US-00001 TABLE 1 Ingredient Parts by Wt. Wt. % Sterilized water 204.0 68.74 Carbopol Ultrex 10 .sup.(1) 2.5 0.06 EDTA tetrasodium 1.5 0.04 Sorbitan monolaurate 40 10.3 Cocoa butter 23.0 5.1 Polysorbitan (Tween 20) 8.5 2.18 Dimethicone 200 10.0 2.57 Sodium benzoate 1% 3.0 0.77 Potassium sorbate 1% 1.5 0.04 Hydrous Trehalose 40.0 10.2 TOTAL 334 100.0 .sup.(1) carboxy polymethylene
The pH of the resulting cream was adjusted to 6.5 with 5% solutions of sodium hydroxide.
Clinical Test on Formula No. 1
 Six male volunteers ages 24, 35, 37, 42, 43 and 50 applied the cream preparation in Example 1 to the axilla of one arm only. After exercising in a gym on a bicycle and a treadmill for (4) hours, they all reported that the axilla to which the cream was applied was completely dry but the axilla of the other arm to which the cream was not applied was wet with moisture.
 Following a similar procedure as in Example 1, another cream formulation was prepared having the ingredients listed in the following table
TABLE-US-00002 TABLE 2 Ingredient Parts by Wt. Wt. % Sterilized water 203.9 64.9 Carbopol Ultrex 10 2.5 0.7 EDTA 1.5 0.5 Sorbitan monolaurate (Arlacel 20) 27.7 8.8 Cocoa butter 23.1 7.3 Polysorbate 20 (Tween 20) 8.3 2.6 Dimethicone 200 10.0 3.2 Hyamine 0.1 0 Hydrous Trehalose 38.0 12 TOTAL 315.10 100
The pH of the resulting cream was adjusted to 6.4 with 10% sodium hydroxide solution
Clinical Test on Formula No. 2
 Three female volunteers ages 49, 53 and 59 applied the cream formulation obtained in Example 2 to both of their armpits. After exercising vigorously on a treadmill for 2 hours, they reported minimal wetness compared to their normal experience when they did not use the cream.
 The formulations in the following table was made by the same general procedure heretofore described and was tested for its efficacy.
TABLE-US-00003 TABLE 3 Ingredient Parts by Wt. Wt. % Sterilized water 203.9 69.69 Carbomer thickener (Ultra 10) 2.5 .85 Tetra Sodium EDTA 1.5 .51 Sorbitan monolaurate 27.7 9.46 Shea butter 23.1 7.89 Polysorbate 20 (Tween 20) 8.3 2.83 Dimethicone 200 10.0 3.41 Hyamine 0.7 .24 Hydrous Trehalose 15.0 5.12 TOTAL 292.7 100
The pH of the resulting cream was adjusted to 6.4 with 5% sodium hydroxide solution
Clinical Test on Formula No. 3
 Six male volunteers ages 24, 35, 37, 42, 43 and 50 applied the cream to the axilla of one arm only. After exercising vigorously in a gym using a bicycle and treadmill for (4) hours they reported very little sweating in the armpit to which they applied the cream but the other arm sweated as normal.
 The same 6 volunteers applied the cream formulation of Example 3 but without including trehalose. All reported significant sweating of the arm.
 In this example the formulation did not contain the dimethicone moisturizer but contained larger amount of trehalose.
TABLE-US-00004 TABLE 4 Ingredient Parts by Wt. Wt. % Sterilized water 204.0 64.95 Carbopol Ultrex 10 2.5 0.80 Tetra Sodium EDTA 1.5 0.50 Sorbitan monolaurate 28.0 8.90 Cocoa butter 23.0 7.30 Polysorbate 20 (Tween 20) 8.5 2.70 Sodium Benzoate 1% 3.0 0.95 Potassium Sorbate 1% 1.5 0.50 Hydrous Trehalose 42.0 13.40 TOTAL 314 100
The pH of the resulting cream was adjusted to 6.4 with 5% sodium hydroxide solution
Clinical Test on Formula No. 4
 Six male volunteers ages 21, 22, 27, 29, 30 and 34 applied the cream to the axilla of both arms. After exercising vigorously in a gym using a bicycle and a treadmill for 3.5 hours, all volunteers reported negligible wetness in their armpits.
 300 grams of distilled water was combined with 2.5 grams of carbopol 934 and allowed to form a clear solution. Then 1.5 grams of EDTA was added and the mixture was stirred until it dissolved. This mixture was then heated to 55° degrees centigrade with stirring.
 In a separate vessel 23 grams of cocoa butter was combined with 28 grams of sorbitan monolaurate, 8.5 grams polysorbate 20, and 10 grams of dimethicone. Then 0.4 grams of sodium chloride, 0.15 grams of potassium chloride, 0.15 of sodium hydrogen phosphate and 0.1 of borax were added, and the entire mixture was then heated to 60° degrees centigrade.
 Part B was then added slowly to Part A with vigorous stirring forming Part C, a white cream.
 68.5 grams of trehalose, 3 grams of 1% sodium benzoate and 1.5 potassium sorbate were added to Part C and the mixed well for several hours to form a cream having a pH of 7.0
 Table 5 below lists the ingredients and the composition.
TABLE-US-00005 TABLE 5 Ingredient Parts by Wt. Wt. % Distilled water 300.00 67.11 Carbopol 934 2.5 .56 Tetrasodium EDTA 1.5 .33 Cocoa Butter 23.0 5.14 Sorbitan monolaurate 28.0 6.26 Polysorbate 20 8.5 1.90 Dimethicone 200 10.0 2.23 Sodium Benzoate 1% 3.0 .67 Potassium Sorbate 1% 1.5 .33 Trehalose Anhydrous 68.5 15.30 Sodium Chloride 0.4 0.09 Potassium Chloride 0.15 .03 Sodium hydrogen phosphate 0.15 0.03 Borax 0.1 .02 TOTAL 447.3 100.00
The pH of the resulting cream was adjusted to 6.4 with 5% sodium hydroxide solution
Clinical Test on Formula No. 5
 The test was conducted on two male volunteers ages 55 and 67. Each volunteer applied the cream to his face, forehead and one armpit and entered a sauna. After 1/2 hour they emerged from the sauna and were examined. Their face and neck showed signs of complete dryness and their armpits were completely dry. Their back and legs were damp with perspiration.
 The test was also conducted on three basketball players ages 18, 21 and 23 on an outside court at 82° F. Each covered his hands and forehead (without band) and armpits with the cream. After playing for 1/2 hour, their hands and forehead were free of moisture. After 2.5 hours their hands and forehead was still free of moisture.
 The test was also conducted on golfers ages 45, 56, 60 and, 64 on a very warm day 90° F. Each covered both hands with the cream. After eight holes of play their hands were dray and they all claimed that the grip on the club improved with better control and they did not even need to wear a glove.
 The method of use of the composition simply involves applying by hand a generous amount to the skin in the area vulnerable to sweating, and spreading the composition to cover that area. When using the composition in aqueous solution form, it may be applied similarly, or from a container with an applicator or a spray nozzle.
 While the aforementioned compositions have been described with certain degree of specificity, it is obvious to those skilled in the art of formulating such compositions that several changes or modification may be made which are nevertheless suggested from the foregoing detailed description.
 Optionally, other ingredients may be included in the cream formulation described in the foregoing examples. For example, the addition of a bovine collagen (1% aqueous solution of alphahydroxy proline help restore the elasticity in the skin along with 1% aqueous solution of elastin. Also, while the hydrous trehalose is used as the effective ingredient, anhydrous trehalose may be used instead, or in combination with hydrous trehalose. Also aqueous buffer solutions of trehalose, hydrous and/or anhydrous have been, found effective topical drying compositions.
Patent applications by Frank P. Marchese, Bronxville, NY US
Patent applications by Harold J. Mermelstein, Bronx, NY US
Patent applications by Xinghua Pan, Hamden, CT US
Patent applications in class ANTI-PERSPIRANTS OR PERSPIRATION DEODORANTS
Patent applications in all subclasses ANTI-PERSPIRANTS OR PERSPIRATION DEODORANTS