Patent application title: Microencapsulation of fuel for dosage heat release, remote activated
Artem Shtatnov (Newtown, PA, US)
IPC8 Class: AF23Q700FI
Class name: Combustion electrical or mechanical igniter correlated with burner feed
Publication date: 2009-04-23
Patent application number: 20090104575
A method for oil-based fuel dispersion in the form of micron and submicron
Droplets with typical size distribution 0.5-20 microns where said
Droplets are coated with a polymer-based shell containing metal
nanoparticles that enable the droplets to absorb laser irradiation and
utilize laser energy to initialize fuel burning.
1. A Capsule composition comprising a fuel droplet coated with a
polymer-based shell containing metallic nanoparticles such that said
shell enables the Capsule to absorb irradiation and initialize fuel
2. The method of activating the burning of said fuel contained within the Capsule of claim 1 by means of irradiation.
3. The method of claim 2 where said burning is programmed to have continuous release of energy through sequential activation of the burning of individual Capsules.
4. The method of claim 2 where burning of Capsules is done in a water solution.
5. The method of claim 2 where burning of Capsules is done in gas filled chamber.
6. The method of claim 2 where an oxidizer is placed in the vicinity of the Capsule.
7. The method of claim 2 where thermites such as Al powder are added to the capsule to release more energy.
8. The method of claim 2 where the Capsule is coated with a shell containing magnetic nanoparticles to allow Capsule navigation with an applied magnetic field.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING
Fuel is encapsulated with a polymeric shell and metallic nanoparticles are incorporated into this shell. The small black circles within the polymer shell are the metallic nanoparticles in the figure. A laser then supplies irradiation to initialize the burning of a single fuel droplet and release heat.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
A microencapsulation and nanoencapsulation technology that allows fabrication of emulsion of liquid fuel (for instance benzene, sunflower oil and other water non-mixable hydrocarbons of different sort). Size of emulsion droplet is about 0.5-10 microns and can be optimized. Each emulsion drop is coated with polymer based multilayer films. The fuel and coating is referred to as a Capsule. Ceramic nanoparticles (metal, magnetic) should be incorporated as droplet shell constituents within polymeric films. Metallic nanoparticles are susceptible to laser irradiation and produce some heat locally to initialize burning of fuel. Oxidizer must be supplied from external media (could be permanganate dissolved water and other oxidizers) for continuous burning of fuel. Laser beam is conducted via optical waveguide to the chamber containing fuel droplets. Burning of fuel droplets can be done continuously one by one since each impulse of laser power is enough to burn individual droplet. See FIG. 1. Released energy can be consumed by heating of water if fuel emulsion is suspended in water.
Alternatively, the emulsion droplet can be arranged on surface in a closed air chamber. Laser power focusing on each capsule with fuel can release energy within the air chamber that can be utilized either in heating or pressure and mechanical movement. Emulsion shell can be modified with magnetic nanoparticles. Thus, if necessarily, the fuel droplets can be navigated with a magnetic field within the media to a certain location where release of energy is required.
Burning of the capsule can initialize a further reaction with higher temperature increase. Aluminium powder (thermite) with the oxidizer (permanganate) can be deposited close to the fuel droplet. Burning of fuel droplet will lead to thermite reaction (oxidation of aluminum) with extremely high temperature release (up to 2000° C). Aluminum powder in the form of a nanoparticle can be incorporated into a fuel droplet that will form a micro-packaged high capacity fuel.
Potential use: Medical heating inside the human body to inhibit bleeding Micronized internal combustion devise Controlled and sustained heat release within closed chamber Micron mechanical systems Controlled supply of fuel into fuel cell devices Sintering/pressuring on microscale
Patent applications by Artem Shtatnov, Newtown, PA US
Patent applications in class ELECTRICAL OR MECHANICAL IGNITER CORRELATED WITH BURNER FEED
Patent applications in all subclasses ELECTRICAL OR MECHANICAL IGNITER CORRELATED WITH BURNER FEED