Patent application title: SYSTEM AND METHOD TO PROVIDE A CENTRALIZED ALERTING AND AWARENESS SYSTEM THROUGH THE USE OF AN EAR PIECE OR OTHER USER INTERFACE
David C. Brillhart (Orlando, FL, US)
David C. Brillhart (Orlando, FL, US)
Christopher J. Dawson (Arlington, VA, US)
Rick A. Hamilton, Ii (Charlottesville, VA, US)
Michael D. Kendzierski (New York, NY, US)
James W. Seaman (Falls Church, VA, US)
IPC8 Class: AG06F1516FI
Class name: Electrical computers and digital processing systems: multicomputer data transferring computer conferencing cooperative computer processing
Publication date: 2009-03-12
Patent application number: 20090070424
The personal information manager system comprises a centralized
information manager (CIM) and a personal information manager (PIM)
device. The centralized information manager is encoded on a server and is
accessable by the PIM device through Internet protocols over a wireless
medium. The PIM, to be carried by a user, is connected to the CIM by a
wireless transmitter, receives context-sensitive, customized,
prioritized, filtered, and aggregated information from the CIM, and can
directly receive GPS data and other sources of local information.
1. An apparatus comprising:a server containing a storage readable medium;a
centralized information manager encoded on the storage readable medium
and adapted to format a data item by a plurality of characteristics; anda
personal information manager device adapted for communication with the
centralized information manager;wherein, responsive to receiving a data
item at the centralized information manager, sending the data item to the
personal information manager device at a transmission time determined by
a rule based upon the plurality of characteristics.
2. The apparatus of claim 1 wherein the plurality of characteristics comprise a medium, an originator, a content, and an external factor.
3. The apparatus of claim 2 wherein an external factor is a user location determined by global positioning system coordinates.
4. The apparatus of claim 2 wherein the content is created by an application interface located in a medium interface library at the server.
5. The apparatus of claim 2 wherein an external factor is determined by reference to a user's computerized calendar.
6. The apparatus of claim 1 wherein an in-ear device is adapted to receive a data from the personal information manager device.
7. A computer implemented method comprising:installing a centralized information manager on a storage readable medium at a server;wherein the centralized information manager comprises instructions for a processor to perform steps comprising:receiving a data item;formatting the data item by a plurality of characteristics; anddetermining a transmission time, based upon a rule associated with the plurality of characteristics, for transmission to a personal information manager device.
8. The computer implemented method of claim 7 wherein the plurality of characteristics comprise a medium, an originator, a content, and an external factor.
9. The computer implemented method of claim 7 further comprising:determining a user location by global positioning system coordinates and comparing the user location to the external factor.
10. The computer implemented method of 7 further comprising:creating the content using an application interface located in a medium interface library at the server.
11. The computer implemented method of claim 7 wherein an external factor is determined by reference to a user's computerized calendar.
12. The computer implemented method of claim 6 wherein an in-ear device is adapted to receive data from the personal information manager device.
13. A computer program product comprising:a storage readable medium containing instructions to cause a processor to:responsive to receiving a data item, format the data item by a plurality of characteristics; anddetermine a transmission time, based upon a rule associated with the plurality of characteristics, for transmission to a personal information manager device.
14. The computer program product of claim 12 wherein the plurality of characteristics further comprise a medium, an originator, a content, and an external factor.
15. The computer program product of claim 13 further comprising:instructions to cause the computer to determine a user location by global positioning system coordinates and compare the user location to the external factor.
16. The computer program product of claim implemented method of 13 further comprising:instructions to cause the computer to create the content using an application interface located in a medium interface library at the server.
17. The computer program product of claim 13 further comprising:determining an external factor by reference to a user's computerized calendar.
18. The computer program product of claim 12 further comprising:instructions to send a formatted data item to an in-ear device.
FIELD OF THE INVENTION
The present invention relates generally to methods for receiving information from multiple input streams and resending the information subject to a personalized priority based on characterization of information received.
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
Today's communication systems make vast amounts of information potentially available to individuals, but each information source associates with a particular type of device for receiving the information. While some devices will access multiple information streams such as Internet, phone, and email, no one device can access all of the disparate sources available. Even if such a device were available, a problem would arise in managing the volume of information that could potentially be received. For example, a person may receive cell phone messages from home, and email messages from work on a blackberry. In addition, Global Positioning System (GPS) information, traffic alerts, weather alerts, and stock alerts may also be received. Sensor information such as biometric monitoring, temperature information, outside wind level information, and security monitoring may also be accessed. Such information is transmitted on different media and received on different receiving devices.
Therefore, a problem arises in management of multiple information streams. First, it would be desirable to receive information regarding all of the multiple streams through one device. Second, given the volume of messages coming to a user from a disparity of sources through such a single device, it would be desirable for a user to receive the information in a managed and non-disruptive way. Therefore, a need exists for a centralized information manager device to enable an individual to receive information regarding multiple streams through a single device. Further, a need arises for a system to control the flow of information to such a device in order to manage user disruption.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
The personal information manager system comprises a centralized information manager (CIM) and a personal information manager device (PIM). The CIM is encoded on a server that is accessable from the PIM thru a wireless medium. The CIM aggregates source data by way of Internet-based information alerts. The Internet-based information alerts are generated from a variety of sources. These sources include subscription services or other freely available data banks, software agents that proactively troll the Internet for relevant insights, and messages sent from the PIM (for example, a OPS locator to inform the CIM of the user's locale ((the PIM location)). The personal information manager device, to be carried by a user, communicates with the CIM by way of wireless protocols. A key aspect of the PIM is the ability of the PIM to automatically detect the current location of the user, which is best accomplished through the receipt of GPS data from the satellite. The CIM comprises a medium interface library, a rule formation program, a buffer program, and a transmission program. The personal information manager device comprises a processor, a power supply, a memory, a GPS receiver, a cellular transceiver, a user interface device, and a display. The personal information manager device may also have an in-ear device to alert the user to received data. The medium interface library contains an application interface for each medium in the system. Each application interface receives and formats information from the incoming data and sends the formatted information to the buffer program. The data is formatted in accordance with four characteristics: medium, originator, content, and external factors. The buffer program uses the formatted data to access a rule from the rules file and to apply the rule to determine a transmission time for the data and place the data in a queue within the buffer. The transmission program continuously checks the queue for transmission times that need to be increased or decreased based upon external sensor data or other factors and transmits the data when the transmission time for the data is reached. The queue in the buffer may be reordered based on a dynamic priority weighting of the information.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
The novel features believed characteristic of the invention are set forth in the appended claims. The invention itself, however, as well as a preferred mode of use, further objectives and advantages thereof, will best be understood by reference to the following detailed description of an illustrative embodiment when read in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, wherein:
FIG. 1 is an illustration of the personal information manager system;
FIG. 2 is an illustration of the configuration of the personal information manager device;
FIG. 3 is an illustration of the configuration of the personal information manager in-ear device;
FIG. 4 is an illustration of the files and programs encoded in the server memory,
FIG. 5 is an illustration of the logic of the rule formation program;
FIG. 6 is an illustration of the logic of the buffer program; and
FIG. 7 is an illustration of the logic of the transmission program.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT
FIG. 1 is an illustration of centralized information manager system 100. As used herein, the term "centralized information manager system" shall mean a centralized information manager connected to a personal information manager device and adapted to receive data from multiple media streams and from external sensors. Centralized information manager system 100 comprises personal information manager device 14, in-ear device 12, server 28, database 27, Internet 20, and wireless transmitter 35. Centralized information manager system 100 receives data from external factor sensor 30, computer 26, cell phone 24, and satellite 22. Computer 26, cell phone 24, and satellite 22 are merely representative of the type of information media by which information can be received. Persons skilled in the art will be aware of numerous information media streams that can be connected to server 28 by Internet 20. As used herein, the term "external factor sensor" shall mean a sensor device adapted for communication with the centralized information manager and/or the personal information manager device. External factor sensor 30 is representative of a sensor incorporated into centralized information manager system 100. Persons skilled in the art are aware of many different sensors that can be incorporated to provide data to centralized information manager system 100.
FIG. 2 depicts personal information manger device internal configuration 200 illustrating one embodiment of an internal configuration for personal information manager device 14. As used herein, the term "personal information manager device" shall mean a programmable device to be worn by a user and adapted to receive data from a centralized information manager system. Personal information manager device internal configuration 200 comprises processor 212 electrically connected to power supply 218, memory 240, GPS receiver 220, cellular transceiver 210, user interface device 214 and display 216.
FIG. 3 depicts in-ear device internal configuration 300 illustrating one embodiment of an internal configuration for in-ear device 12. In-ear device internal configuration 300 comprises receiver 310 electrically connected to power supply 318 and audio output 320. Receiver 310 is adapted to communicate with user interface 214 of personal information manger device internal configuration 200.
FIG. 4 depicts centralized information manager 400 encoded on a computer readable medium of server 28 (see FIG. 1). As used herein, the term "centralized information manager" shall mean one or more programs encoded in a server memory adapted to format and send data regarding multiple media streams to a personal information manager device based upon user configured priorities. Centralized information manager 400 comprises medium interface library 440, rule formation program 500, buffer program 600, and transmission program 700. Centralized information manager 400 also contains communications protocol 470, rules file 460, and buffer 480. Medium interface library 440 contains pager application interface 441, email application interface 442, cell phone application interface 443, telephone application interface 444, and other application interface 445. Other application interface 445 is representative of any other application interface known to a person skilled in the art. Communications protocol 470 enables centralized information manager 400 to receive unformatted data from multiple media and to send formatted data to personal information manager device 14.
FIG. 5 depicts the logic of rule formation program 500. Rule formation program 500 starts (502) when a user accesses centralized information manager in order to establish personalized priorities. The user selects a medium (510). As used herein, the term "medium" shall mean a designation of the type of transmission medium. The user does not need to select "content" because when a medium is selected, the appropriate interface application will be associated with the selection. In accordance with communication protocol 470 (See FIG. 4), the interface application will receive data from the medium and send the formatted data to the personal information device. Formatting will be provided by the appropriate application interface, and will include the content. As used herein, the term "content" shall mean a description of the type of information contained in the medium The user then selects an originator (520). As used herein, the term "originator" shall mean the person, service, or device sending data to the user. The user selects external factors (530). As used herein, the term "external factors" shall mean a designation of a condition independent of the type of data transmitted, the originator, or the content. For example, an external factor may be the time of day, the user's location, the weather, or a user's computerized calendar entry. The user selects a priority (540) based upon the medium, the originator, the content, and the external factors. Rule formation program 500 creates a rule based upon the user's selections and priority (550) and displays the rule (560). As used herein, the term "rule" shall mean an encoded instruction applied to data received and analyzed by the centralized information manager in order to assign a transmission time determinative of a queue order in a buffer. The user reviews the rule and rule formation program 500 prompts the user to decide whether to accept or reject the rule (570). If the user rejects the rule, the user modifies the rule (572) and goes to step 580. If the user accepts the rule, rule formation program 500 goes back to step 560, displays the rule (560) and prompts the user to decide whether to accept or reject the rule (570). The process continues until the user receives a satisfactory rule. At step 580, rule formation program determines whether another rule is to be made. If so, rule formation program goes to step 510 and repeats the entire process. If not, rule formation program 500 ends (590).
FIG. 6 depicts the logic of buffer program 600. Buffer program 600 starts (602) when a message is received by centralized information manager 400 (610). Buffer program examines the format of the data (620) and accesses rules file 460 (see FIG. 4) to locate a rule (630) to apply to the format (620). The format of the data has been created by the appropriate application interface from medium interface library 440 (see FIG. 4). The applicable rule is applied to the message (640), and a priority and transmission time are assigned by buffer program 600 to the data (650). The message is placed in queue in the buffer (660) and buffer program 600 stops (670). Examples of formatted data are as follows:
TABLE-US-00001 External Queue Medium Originator Content Factors Priority Position Pager Spouse Call Home 5:00 p.m. High 2 Heart Heart High Heart Location: High 1 Monitor Rate insite Email Traffic Traffic Alert Location: on High 3 Service road Email Weather Severe Location: on Medium 4 Service Weather road tomorrow Email Stock Service XYZ 5:00 p.m Medium 5 Corporation Stock Stock move Exchange closed
Persons skilled in the art are aware of multiple additional examples of types of data that can be formatted according to the characteristics of medium, originator, content, and external factors.
FIG. 7 depicts the logic of transmission program 700. Transmission program 700 starts (702) when centralized information manager 400 is activated. Transmission program 700 determines a user location using GPS coordinates from personal information manager device 14 (710). Transmission program 700 determines the time (712) and also determines any other factor which may be applied (714). Transmission program 700 examines the first item in queue (716), and determines whether a new rule needs to be applied based upon the user location, the time, or another external factor (718). If a new rule is to be applied, then transmission program applies the rule (720) and determines whether a change in buffer position is required (722). If a change in buffer position is required, transmission program 700 assigns a new priority and transmission time (724). In this manner, transmission program 700 increases or decreases the rate at which information is sent to a user. If at step 722 no change in buffer position was indicated, or after changing the buffer queue position, transmission program 700 goes to step 730. Next, transmission program 700 determines whether it is time to transmit the data (726), and if so, transmits the data (730) or goes to step 728 and examines the next item in queue (728). If it is not time to transmit the data, transmission program 700 examines the next item in queue (728). After transmitting the data, transmission program 700 determines whether the item was the last item in queue (732). If not, transmission program 700 goes to step 728 to examine the next item in queue. When transmission program 700 reaches the last item in queue, a determination is made whether to end the program or continue (734). If the determination is to continue, transmission program 700 returns to step 710 and begins the cycle over again. If the determination is to end the program, transmission program 700 stops (736).
With respect to the above description, it is to be realized that the optimum dimensional relationships for the parts of the invention, to include variations in size, materials, shape, form, function, manner of operation, assembly, and use, are deemed readily apparent and obvious to one of ordinary skill in the art. The present invention encompasses all equivalent relationships to those illustrated in the drawings and described in the specification. The novel spirit of the present invention is still embodied by reordering or deleting some of the steps contained in this disclosure. The spirit of the invention is not meant to be limited in any way except by proper construction of the following claims.
Patent applications by Christopher J. Dawson, Arlington, VA US
Patent applications by David C. Brillhart, Orlando, FL US
Patent applications by James W. Seaman, Falls Church, VA US
Patent applications by Michael D. Kendzierski, New York, NY US
Patent applications by Rick A. Hamilton, Ii, Charlottesville, VA US
Patent applications in class Cooperative computer processing
Patent applications in all subclasses Cooperative computer processing