Patent application title: Bearing Shell and Method For the Production Thereof
Martin Klein (Walluf, DE)
IPC8 Class: AB21D5310FI
Class name: Method of mechanical manufacture process for making bearing or component thereof lubricating
Publication date: 2008-08-21
Patent application number: 20080196249
The invention relates to a method for producing a bearing shell comprising
two circumferentially extending oil grooves. According to said method, a
rectangular blank is cut from a strip stock, and said blank is shaped
into the bearing shell. The oil grooves are introduced into the blank by
die-cutting two cavities which extend from the narrow sides in the
longitudinal direction of the blank at a maximum angular range of
6. Method for the manufacture of a bearing with two oil slots extending in peripheral direction where from a strip material a rectangular plate is detached and this plate is recast to the bearing wherein the oil slots are inserted in the plate, in which two openings extending from the quoins in longitudinal direction along the plates over an angle range of up to 60 degrees are cut.
7. Method according to claim 6, wherein the openings are cut during the detachment of the plates from the strip material.
8. Method according to claim 7, wherein detachment and cutting are carried out in one direction.
9. Method according to claim 6, wherein a ramp-like section is inserted in the plate or in the baring on the inner end of the openings, respectively.
10. Method according to claim 9, wherein the ramp-like section is milled.
The patent pertains to a manufacturing method for a bearing with two
oil slots extending in peripheral direction, in which from a strip
material, a rectangular plate is detached and molded to the bearing.
Bearings of this kind are deployed as bearings in crankshaft beds. For example, U.S. Pat. No. 4,017,127 and U.S. Pat. No. 4,714,356 are used in such a manner that the oil slots only cover a limited angle range, which is limited by the manufacturing method. The oil slots are specifically included by milling activity in the completed bearing, which only permits a groove length over an angle range of at most 45 degrees.
In order to procure better lubricant supply in the vertex, an extension of the lubricant slot is desirable. In the DE-OS 26 17 843, a bearing, in this regard, three oil slots, successively arranged in peripheral direction, are being cut into the bearing as grooves, with a disk molding cutter. The oil slots run out in peripheral direction on both sides respectively in the form of cylinder shells, so that bars remain between the oil slots and in the range of the partial areas of the bearings. At the same time, these bars interrupt lubricant supply however as well.
At the same time, an expansion of the flow cross-section is aimed for, which leads, in the case of oil slots with a groove ground to a reduction of material in the groove ground.
As a result, the stability of the bearing admittedly suffers. An expansion of the oil slot is only possible in a limited way, because this would be accompanied by a narrowing of the wing section.
The function of the patent is to prepare a manufacturing method which avoids the disadvantages referred to. It is also the function of the patent to specify a corresponding manufacturing process.
The function is fulfilled by a manufacturing process with the criteria of claim 1.
It has been publicized surprisingly quickly that the stability of the bearing is not adversely affected if, where the oil slot is located near the known bearing, a slit-shaped opening is made. The openings are preferably axially located, so that on both sides, two equally large finger-like areas remain. The cross-section of the openings is clearly enlarged, through the elimination of the material in the ground of the groove, through which an oil channel is made. For the depth of these oil channels, the total thickness of the bearing is available.
The process for the manufacturing of such a bearing in which from the strip material the rectangular plate is removed and the plate reshaped to the bearing, provides for the insertion of the oil slots in the plate, in which slit-shaped openings which extend from the quoins along the length of the plate over an angle range from up to 60 degrees, are cut.
The laborious milling action required for the manufacture of the oil slot in the ready bearing is omitted, because the openings are already provided in the manufacture of the plates.
It is possible as a result of that to manufacture openings extending across a larger angle range than 45 degrees of the ready bearing.
The cutting action can be conducted during the detachment of the plates from the strip material. The detachment and cutting are preferably carried out in one operation, so that no losses of time arise in the manufacture of the plates.
In order to introduce the ramp-like section on the inside of the openings, a corresponding operation on the plate or on the ready bearing is provided.
This ramp-like section is preferably milled in, which if necessary can also be performed on the ready bearing.
Exemplified implementation forms of the patent are further commented upon on the basis of diagrams
FIG. 1 a bearing in perspective display
FIG. 2 a cross section along line II-II through the bearing displayed in FIG. 1
FIG. 3 a cross section in accordance with FIG. 2 of a bearing in accordance with a further implementation form, and
FIG. 4 a schematic depiction of the manufacturing process for the plates for the manufacture of the bearings
In FIG. 1, bearing 1 is displayed, showing partial areas 2a and 2b. From partial areas 2a and 2b, slit-shaped openings 4a and 4b extend in peripheral direction in the direction of part 7. These slit-shaped openings are preferably axially arranged between both front ends, so that on both sides broad fingers 5a and 5b, and 5c and 5d respectively remain. In the situation as installed, the slit-shaped openings 4a and 4b serve as oil channels 3a and 3b, and replace the conventional oil slots.
In FIG. 2, a cross-section along line II-II of bearing 1 depicted in FIG. 1. Angle range a, over which both openings 4a and 4b extend, is designated a. The charter range extends over app. 60 degrees.
In FIG. 3, a further implementation form is depicted, in which on the interior ends 8a and 8b of the openings 4a and 4b, respectively, there is a ramp-like section. This ramp-like section has the function of transporting oil flowing in the direction of the part to the inner surface of the bearing, in order to achieve the desired lubrication there.
In FIG. 4, strip material 10 is depicted, from which along separator 11, plates 12 are removed. On quoins 13a and 13b of plates 12, openings 4a and 4b are cut. This cutting can be combined with the detachment of plates 12, if corresponding cutting knives are used.
1 bearing 2a,b partial areas 3a,b oil channel 4a,b opening 5a,b,c,d finger 6a,b ramp-like section 7 vertex 8a,b inner end 10 strip material 11 separator 12 plate 13a,b quoin of the plate a angle range
Patent applications by Martin Klein, Walluf DE