331. Property and Ownership


See also 235. LAND .

abstraction
the taking of another’s property for one’s own use.
amortization, amortizement
the transfer or sale of property in mortmain.
burgage
British, Obsolete, a form of land tenure under which land was held in return for payment of a fixed sum of money in rent or for rendering of service. Also called socage .
devisal
the act of devising or bequeathing real property (as contrasted with personal property). Cf. devise .
devise
1. the bequeathing of real property by will.
2. the clause in a will devising real property.
disseizin, disseisin
the process of wrongfully or unlawfully dispossessing a person of his rightful real property; deprivation of seizin.
dotation
that which is endowed; an endowment.
enfeoffment
1. the act of investing with an estate held in fee.
2. the deed that enfeoffs.
3. the possession of a fief or estate held in fee.
entailment
1. the process of limiting an inheritance to a specific sequence of heirs, usually applied to large estates.
2. the estate entailed.
escheatment
reversion of ownership of property, especially real property, to the crown in the absence of persons legally qualified to inherit. Also called escheat . — escheatable, adj.
expropriation
the process of taking over property, especially real property, of another by any process, lawful or not.
feoff
fief.
feoffment
the granting of land to be held in fief.
feud
fief.
fief
Feudal System, heritable land in return for service as a vassal. The right to hold. Also called feoff, feud .
foreclosure
the process by which mortgaged property enters into the possession of the mortgagee without right of redemption by the mortgagor, usually for reason of delinquency in mortgage payments.
freehold
1. ownership of property with the right to pass it on through inheritance.
2. the property held in this way. Cf. leasehold . — freeholder, n.
gavelkind
British. Obsolete. 1. the equal division of the land of an intestate deceased among his sons.
2. a tenant’s right to dispose of his land by feoffment at age fifteen.
3. land not escheating in the event the tenant was convicted as a felon.
heirship
the state or condition of an heir; the right to inherit property; heirdom.
impoundage, impoundment
the process of taking into legal custody, especially property. — impounder, n.
infeudation
Feudalism. 1. the process of granting an estate in fee; enfeoffment.
2. the granting of tithes to laymen.
leasehold
1. the holding of property by lease.
2. the property held in this way. Cf. freehold .
lessee
a person or entity to whom a lease is given; a person or entity that leases property as a tenant.
lessor
a person or entity that grants a lease to another; a person or entity that leases property as a landlord.
mortgage
1. the giving of property, usually real property, as security to a creditor for payment of a debt.
2. the deed pledging the security.
mortgagee
the person to whom property is mortgaged; the creditor in a mortgage transaction.
mortgagor
a person who mortgages property or gives the property as security; the borrower in a mortgage transaction.
mortmain
transfer or ownership of real property in perpetuity, as transfer to or ownership by a corporate body like a school, college, or church.
nonage
formerly, a ninth part of a parishioner’s movable property, which was claimed upon his death by the clergy in England. See also 239. LAW .
ownership
1. the state or quality of being an owner.
2. the state of owning.
3. right of possession or proprietorship.
parcenary
coheirship, or the joint and undivided holding of inherited land by two or more coheirs.
parcener
a coheir or joint heir; a person who holds property jointly by inheritance.
peculium
Roman Law. property that might be held by a son, wife, or slave.
revaluation
the assigning of a new, usually higher value, as to money, real estate, etc.
seizin, seisin
1. possession of a freehold estate.
2. the estate so possessed.
serjeanty, sergeanty
(in medieval England) a form of land tenure in which a tenant holding land from the king owed services only to him.
severalty
the ownership or holding of property by separate and individual right. See also 363. SEPARATION .
socage
burgage
socager, socman
a tenant by socage.
squatterism
1. the state or practice of being a squatter, or one who settles on government land, thereby establishing ownership.
2. the state or practice of settling in vacant or abandoned property, either for shelter or in an attempt to establish ownership. — squatter, n.
superfeudation, superinfeudation
creation of a feudal estate out of or upon another feudal estate.
usucaption
Roman Law. right to or ownership of property on the basis of possession of it for a prescribed period of time. — usucapient, n.
usufruct
the right to enjoy benefits or profits from something, as real property, while not being the owner of it. — usufructuary, n., ad].
vassalage
1. the condition of land tenure of a vassal.
2. the fief or lands held.
villeinage
the type of tenure under which a villein held his land. Also called villanage .

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