328. Printing


See also 53. BOOKS ; 98. COPYING

algraphy
an offset process that uses an aluminum plate instead of a lithographic stone. Also called aluminography . — algraphic, adj.
autography
the process in lithography of transferring writings and drawings to a stone surface. — autographic, adj. autographically, adv.
chromolithography
a printing process by which colored lithographs are produced by a series of stone or zinc plates, each of which carries different portions of the picture to be printed, inked in different colors.
chromoxylography
printing in colors from a series of wooden blocks.
electrotypy
the process of preparing a facsimile printing surface, involving the depositing of a thin copper or nickel shell by electrolytic action in a mold of the original and backing it with a lead alloy. — electrotyper, electrotypist, n. electrotypic, adj.
glyphography
a process for making letterpress plates by engraving a waxed copper plate, dusting with zinc, and preparing an electrotype. — glyphographer, n. glyphographic, adj.
graphotype
a device for embossing letters on thin sheets of metal.
imprimatur
permission, particularly that given by the Roman Catholic Church, to publish or print; hence, any sanction or approval.
italicism
the use of italics in printing text to indicate foreign words, abbreviations, emphasis, titles, etc.
lithography
1. the art or process of producing an image on a flat, specially prepared stone, treating the items to be printed with a greasy substance to which ink adheres, and of taking impressions from this on paper.
2. a similar process in which the stone is replaced by a zinc or aluminum plate, often provided with a photosensitive surface for reproducing an image photographically. — lithographer, n. lithographic, adj.
lithotypy
a printing process in which types are impressed in a soft matrix, the resulting hollow spaces being filled with a heated mixture that later solidifies and can be used for printing. — lithotypic, adj.
metallography
an offset printing process, similar to lithography, using metal plates instead of stone.
offset lithography
a printing method in which the image on a plate is offset onto a rubber blanket from which it is transferred onto the surface to be printed.
oleography
the production of chromolithographs printed in oil colors on canvas or cloth as well as on paper. — oleographic, adj.
optotype
type used in the testing of eyesight.
papyrography
a process by which a line drawing or writing on paper is transferred to a zinc plate, which is then used for printing. — papyrograph, n. papyrographic, adj.
photoxylography
the process of producing a raised impression on wood from a photograph and using the block thus produced for printing.
polyautography
Obsolete, lithography.
thermography
a technique for imitating an engraved appearance, as on business cards, by dusting areas already printed with a powder attracted only to the inks and using heat to fuse the ink and powder. — thermographer, n. thermographic, adj.
typography
1. the design, theory, and art of creating characters for printing.
2. the design and selection of printed matter.
3. the craft or business of composing type. — typographic, typographical, adj.
typothetae
printers, especially master printers, usually found in the names of associations of printers.
xylography
the art of engraving on wood or of printing from such engravings. — xylographer, n. —xylographic, xylographical, adj.

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