135. Eastern Orthodoxy


See also 80. CHRISTIANITY ; 349. RELIGION ; 392. THEOLOGY .

Achephali
1 . any of various Middle Eastern Christian sects in the early church that lacked or rejected theological leaders.
2 . a Flagellant. — Achephalist , n .
charisticary
an official in the medieval Greek church who collected the money from a monastery or benefice.
chrismation
a sacrament corresponding to confirmation in the Western church in which a baptized person is anointed with chrism.
eparchy
a diocese. See also 190. GREECE and GREEKS .
Euchologion
the principal service book of Eastern Orthodoxy. Also Euchology
euchology
1 . the study of Eastern Orthodox ritual.
2 . (cap.) Euchologion.
exarch
1 . in the early church, the head of a major diocese or province.
2 . a bishop inferior to a patriarch but superior to a metropolitan.
3 . a deputy of a patriarch, either a priest or a bishop.
4 . the head of an autonomous church. — exarchal , adj .
hegumen
the head of a monastery.
Hesychasm
the quietistic practices of a 14th-century ascetic sect of mystics drawn from the monks of Mt. Athos. Also called Palamitism . — hesychast , n . — hesychastic , adj .
iconoclasticism
1 . the practice of opposing the veneration of icons.
2 . the practice of destroying icons.
3 . (cap.) the principles of the religious party in the 8th-century Eastern church that opposed the use of icons. — iconoclast , n . — iconoclastic , adj .
idoloclast
an iconoclast.
metropolitan
the head of an ecclesiastic province.
Palamitism
Hesychasm.
parathesis
a bishop’s prayer on behalf of catechumens. — parathetic , adj .
patriarch
the head of any of the ancient sees or the see of another principal city or national church.
Sophianism
a theological system centering on the Holy Wisdom developed by the 20th-century Russian priest Sergei Bulgakov. Also called Sophiology . — Sophianist , n .
synaxarist
one who reads the synaxarion, or brief narrative of a saint’s life, in Eastern Orthodox liturgies.

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