54. Botany


See also 44. BIOLOGY ; 167. FLOWERS ; 188. GRASSES ; 241. LEAVES ; 319. PLANTS ; 401. TREES .

agrostology
the branch of systematic botany that studies grasses. Also called graminology. agrostologist , n . — agrostologic , agrostological , adj .
algology
the branch of botany that studies seaweeds and algae. Also called phycology . — algologist , n. algological , adj .
ampelography
the branch of botany that studies the cultivation of grapes. — ampelographer , n.
anamorphosis
an abnormal change in the form of a plant that falsely gives it the appearance of a different species. — anamorphic , adj.
anisotropy
the state or condition of certain flowers or plants of having different dimensions along different axes. See also 316. PHYSICS . — anisotropic , adj.
batology
the branch of botany that studies brambles. — batologist , n.
bisymmetry
in botany, the condition of having two planes of symmetry at right angles to one another. — bisymmetric , bisymmetrical , adj.
botany
a major division of biology that studies all plant life. Also called phytology. botanist, n. botanical, adj.
bryology
the branch of botany that studies mosses and liverworts. — bryologist, n.
caprification
the pollination process of figs, in which fig wasps, attracted by the caprifigs, or inedible fig-fruit, pollinate the figs. — caprificator, n.
caricologist
a person who specializes in the study of sedges.
carpology
the branch of botany that studies the structure of fruits and seeds. — carpologist, n. carpological, adj.
chromatism
abnormal coloration in parts of a plant that are usually green. See also 92. COLOR .
cryptogamist
one proficient in cryptogamic botany, i.e., the study of plants, as ferns and mosses, that have no true flowers or seeds.
dendrology
the branch of botany that studies trees. — dendrologist, n. dendrologic, dendrological, adj.
epiphytology
the study of the character, ecology, and causes of plant diseases, as blight, which destroy a large number of susceptible plants in a large area simultaneously. — epiphytologist, n.
ethnobotany
a specialty in botany that studies the lore and uses of plants as illustrative of the customs of a (usually primitive) society. — ethnobotanist, n. ethnobotanic, ethnobotanical, adj.
filicology
the study of ferns. Cf. pteridology. filicologist. n.
fungology
the scientific study of fungi. — fungologist, n. fungological, adj.
graminology
agrostology. — graminologist, n. graminologic, graminological, adj.
herbalist
Obsolete, a descriptive botanist. See also 319. PLANTS .
herbarian, herbarist
Obsolete, a herbalist.
herbarism
Obsolete, botany.
herbarium
a collection of dried plants, assembled and arranged for botanical study.
lichenology
the study of lichens. — lichenologist, n. lichenologic, lichenological, adj.
Linneanism
a system of botanical nomenclature following the binomial procedures established by Swedish botanist Carl von Linné. — Linnaean, Linnean, adj.
muscology
the study of mosses. — muscologist, n.
mycology
1. the branch of botany that studies fungi.
2. a catalogue of the fungi found in a specific area. — mycologist, n. mycologie, mycological, adj.
orchidology
the branch of botany or horticulture that studies orchids. — orchidologist , n.
phycography
a scientific description of seaweed. — phycographic , adj .
phycology
algology. — phycologist , n .
phylum
any of the basic divisions of the plant or animal kingdom. Cf. phylon .
phytogenesis
the science and history of the development of plants. Also phytogeny. — phytogenetic , phytogenetical , adj .
phytogeography
the study of plants according to their geographical distribution. — phytogeographer , n. phytogeographic, phytogeographical , adj .
phytography
the branch of botany that studies plant measurement and plant taxonomy. — phytographer, phytographist , n. phytographic, phytographical , adj .
phytology
botany.
phytosociology
the branch of ecology that studies the interrelations of plants and plant communities. — phytosociologist , n. phytosociologic, phytosociological . adj.
pomology
1. the branch of botany that studies the cultivation of fruit.
2. the science of growing, storing, and processing fruit. — pomologist , n .
pteridography
the systematic description of ferns.
pteridology
the branch of botany that studies ferns. Cf. filicology . — pteridologist , n .
Schwendenerism
the theory that lichens are parasitic fungi growing upon algae, first advanced by the German botanist S. Schwendener.
sphagnology
the study of the sphagnum mosses. — sphagnologist , n.
stirpiculture
selective breeding to develop strains with particular characteristics. — stirpicultural , adj .
symphyogenesis
production by union of elements that were formerly separate. — symphyogenetic , adj .
tautonym
a botanical or zoological name in which two terms are combined, the generic name and the specific, with both being the same. (a practice no longer approved by the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature.)
uredinology
a branch of mycology that studies rusts. — uredinologist , n.

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