49. Blood and Blood Vessels


acidosis
Medicine. a condition of the blood in which the alkali reserve is lower than normal. Also called acid intoxication, autointoxication. acidotic, adj.
aneurism, aneurysm
a disease of the artery wall that causes a localized dilatation of the artery and a pulsating tumor.
angiography
the scientific description of blood vessels. — angiographic, angiographical, adj.
angiology
the branch of anatomy that studies the blood vessels and the lymphatics.
angiopathology
the pathology of, or changes seen in, diseased blood vessels.
anoxemia
a lowering of the normal level of oxygen in the blood, of ten experienced at high altitudes.
diapedesis
the process in which blood corpuscles soak into surrounding tissue through the natural pores of the blood vessels.
ecchymosis
1. the secretion of blood from a blood vessel into the surrounding tissue as a result of a bruise.
2. the bruise or discoloration thus caused.
embolism
the sudden obstruction of a blood vessel by a foreign object, as an air bubble or a blood clot.
enriositatis
drunkenness or intoxication from alcohol, especially as a habitual state.
enterotoxemia
a condition in which the blood contains toxin from the intestines.
epistaxis
bleeding from the nose; nosebleed.
erythrocytometer
a device for measuring the count of red blood cells in the blood.
erythrocytometry
measurement of the red blood cells in the blood by use of an erythrocytometer.
hemadynamometry
the measurement of blood pressure.
hemaphobia, haemaphobia, hemophobia
an abnormal fear of the sight of blood. Also hematophobia.
hematidrosis, haematidrosis
the excretion of bloody sweat.
hematocrit, haematocrit
a centrifuge used for separating blood cells from the plasma.
hematology, haematology
the branch of medical science that studies the morphology of the blood and blood-forming tissues. — hematologist, haematologist, n. hematologie, haematologic, hematological, haematological, adj.
hematomancy, haematomancy
divination by means of blood.
hematophobia, haematophobia
hemaphobia.
hematopoiesis, haematopoiesis
the formation of blood. — hematopoietic, haematopoietic , adj.
hematosis, haematosis
1. hematopoiesis.
2. the conversion of venous blood into arterial blood by oxygenation in the lungs.
hemautography
a method of tracing variations in blood pressure by having an arterial jet mark a special tracing paper. — hemautograph, n. hemautographic, adj.
hemolysis, haemolysis
the breaking down of erythrocytes with liberation of hemoglobin in the blood. — hemolytic, haemolytic, adj.
hemopathology, haemopathology, hemapathology, haematopathology
the branch of medical science that studies the diseases of the blood.
hemophilia, haemophilia
a tendency to uncontrolled bleeding. Also hemorrhaphilia, haemorrhaphilia . — hemophiliac, haemophiliac, n., adj.
hemostasis, haemostasis
the stoppage of bleeding or cessation of the circulation of the blood; stagnation of the blood in a part of the body. Also hemostasia, haemostasia.
hemostatic, haemostatic
a styptic agent or substance. — hemostatic, haemostatic, adj.
homoiothermy, homoiothermism
the state or condition of being warmblooded, as mammals and other animals. Cf. poikilothermy. homoiothermal, homoiothermic, homoiothermous, homeothermal, homiothermal, adj.
hyperemia, hyperaemia
a congestion of the blood, occurring in any part of the body. — hyperemic, hyperaemic, adj.
hypostasis
a deposit or sediment, particularly a settling of blood in lower parts of the body as a result of a slowing down in the circulation. — hypostatic, hypostatical, adj.
manometer
1. an instrument for measuring the pressure of gases or vapors.
2. an instrument for measuring blood pressure. Also called sphygmanometer. manometric, adj.
melanemia, melanaemia
a disease of the blood, distinguished by the presence in the blood of black pigment.
pachyemia, pachyaemia
thickening of the blood.
phagocyte
a blood cell that ingests and destroys bacteria, foreign particles and other cells in the bloodstream. — phagocytic, adj.
phagocytosis
the action of phagocytes in ingesting and destroying cells.
phlebography
the scientific description of vein structure. — phlebographical, adj.
phlebology
the study of the veins. — phlebological, adj.
phlebotomy
a medical treatment involving incision of a vein; bloodletting. Also called venesection . — phlebotomist, n. phlebotomize, v. phlebotomic, phlebotomical, adj.
poikilothermy, poikilothermism
the state or condition of being cold-blooded, as reptiles and other animals. Cf. homoiothermy. poikilothermal, poikilothermic, poikilothermous, adj.
sapremia, sapraemia
blood poisoning caused by putrefactive microorganisms in the bloodstream.
sepsis
blood poisoning caused by absorption into the blood of pathogenic microorganisms. — septic, adj.
septicemia, septicaemia
blood poisoning caused by pathogenic microorganisms and their toxic products in the bloodstream. — septicemic, septicaemic, adj.
sphygmography
the scientific description or recording of the pulse. — sphygmograph, n. sphygmographic, sphygmographical, adj.
sphygmology
Medicine. the sum of what is known about the pulse.
sphygmomanometer
manometer, def. 2.
stypticity
the property of being astringent or tending to halt bleeding by contraction of the tissues. — styptic, adj.
toxemia, toxaemia
1. a condition of illness due to the presence in the bloodstream of toxins.
2. blood poisoning. — toxemic, toxaemic, adj.
uremia, uraemia
a toxic condition resulting from the presence of urinary constituents in the blood, caused by deficiencies in the secretion of urine. — uremic, uraemic, adj.

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