Hepatitis - Prevention

Vaccines have now been developed for two forms of hepatitis, A and B. These vaccines are recommended for individuals who may be at risk for one

of these diseases. For example, health care workers and those who plan to travel to areas where hepatitis is common should be vaccinated.

Injections are also available for those who have already been exposed to hepatitis A or B. These injections can be very effective if they are given fairly soon after the exposure has occurred.

Hepatitis infections can also be prevented by following a number of lifestyle suggestions, including:

  • Wash hands often, especially after using the toilet or coming into contact with another person's blood.
  • Intravenous drug users should not share needles with each other.
  • Personal items that can damage the skin, such as razors, nail files, and scissors, should not be shared.
  • Condoms should be used during vaginal, anal, and oral sex.
  • Travelers in undeveloped areas should boil water and thoroughly wash any fresh fruits or vegetables before eating them.

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