Diabetes Mellitus - Prognosis

In most patients, diabetes can be controlled by diet, exercise, and insulin injections. If the condition is not treated, however, some serious complications may result. For example, uncontrolled diabetes is the leading cause of blindness, kidney disease, and amputations of arms and legs. It also doubles a person's risk for heart disease and increases the risk of stroke. Eye problems also occur more commonly among diabetics than in the general population.

Some other long-term effects of diabetes mellitus include the following:

  • Loss of sensitivity in certain nerves, especially in the legs and feet
  • Foot ulcers
  • Delayed healing of wounds
  • Heart and kidney disease

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