The Cardiovascular System - For more information


Avraham, Regina, and C. Everett Koop. The Circulatory System. New York: Chelsea House, 1989.

Ballard, Carol. The Heart and Circulatory System. Austin, TX: Raintree/Steck-Vaughn, 1997.

Johansson, Philip. Heart Disease. Springfield, NJ: Enslow, 1998.

Parramon, Merce. How Our Blood Circulates. New York: Chelsea House, 1993.

Seymour, Simon. The Heart: Our Circulatory System. New York: Morrow, 1996.

Silverstein, Alvin, Virginia B. Silverstein, and Robert A. Silverstein. The Circulatory System. New York: Twenty-First Century Books, 1995.

WWW Sites

American Heart Association National Center Homepage of the American Heart Association, featuring information on health matters relating to the heart: nutrition, exercise, stroke, diseases and their treatment, and scientific and professional publications.

The Heart: An Online Exploration
Site prepared for the Franklin Institute Science Museum that includes information on topics such as development of the heart, circulation, diet, health, and disease. Also includes graphics and a short video clip of heart-bypass surgery.

The Heart and the Circulatory System
Provides an extensive overview of the history of medical approaches to the heart and blood. Also provides information on the types of circulatory systems, a discussion of the anatomy of the heart, a heart glossary, and activities to explore the circulatory system.

NASA K–12 Internet: Shuttle Mir Biology Activity 9
Part of NASA's Quest Project, this site (aimed at grade levels 5–8) provides teachers and students with a "circulatory system relay" activity that brings into focus the workings of the circulatory system. Background information for teachers also provided.

National Heart, Lungs, and Blood Institute Homepage
Homepage of the NHLBI, part of the federal government's National Institutes of Health. Includes health- and research-related information on the cardiovascular system, the lungs, and blood. Also provides links to other health-related web sites.

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