Alphabetic Guide to Medical Emergencies - Toothaches

Emergency Treatment

Rinse the mouth with warm water. Give an adult one or two aspirin tablets. The aspirin should be swallowed with plenty of water. Do not let it dissolve in the mouth or be held near the aching tooth. Aspirin becomes effective as a painkiller only after it has gone through the digestive tract and into the bloodstream; if aspirin is held in the mouth, it may irritate the gums. A young child may be given acetaminophen during this emergency.

Gently use dental floss to make sure that there is no food or other material lodged around the tooth. If the jaw is swollen, apply an ice bag for periods of 15 minutes at a time, at intermittent intervals. Never apply heat to a swollen jaw when treating a toothache. Arrange to see your dentist as soon as possible.

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