|Securing and Optimizing Linux: RedHat Edition -A Hands on Guide|
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The commands listed below are some that we use often, but many more exist. Check the man page for more details and information.
First of all, we must create a new key-pair (public and private) if this is a first use of the GnuPG software to be able to use its encryption features.
To create a new key-pair, use the following command:
[root@deep] /# gpg --gen-key
gpg (GnuPG) 1.0.1; Copyright (C) 1999 Free Software Foundation, Inc. This program comes with ABSOLUTELY NO WARRANTY. This is free software, and you are welcome to redistribute it under certain conditions. See the file COPYING for details. gpg: /root/.gnupg: directory created gpg: /root/.gnupg/options: new options file created gpg: you have to start GnuPG again, so it can read the new options file This asks some questions and then starts key generation.
We start GnuPG again with the following command:
[root@deep] /# gpg --gen-key
gpg (GnuPG) 1.0.1; Copyright (C) 1999 Free Software Foundation, Inc. This program comes with ABSOLUTELY NO WARRANTY. This is free software, and you are welcome to redistribute it under certain conditions. See the file COPYING for details. gpg: /root/.gnupg/secring.gpg: keyring created gpg: /root/.gnupg/pubring.gpg: keyring created Please select what kind of key you want: (1) DSA and ElGamal (default) (2) DSA (sign only) (4) ElGamal (sign and encrypt) Your selection? 1 DSA keypair will have 1024 bits. About to generate a new ELG-E keypair. minimum keysize is 768 bits default keysize is 1024 bits highest suggested keysize is 2048 bits What keysize do you want? (1024) 2048 Do you really need such a large keysize? y Requested keysize is 2048 bits Please specify how long the key should be valid. 0 = key does not expire <n> = key expires in n days <n>w = key expires in n weeks <n>m = key expires in n months <n>y = key expires in n years Key is valid for? (0) 0 correct (y/n)? y You need a User-ID to identify your key; the software constructs the user id from Real Name, Comment and Email Address in this form: "Heinrich Heine (Der Dichter) <firstname.lastname@example.org>" Real name: Gerhard Mourani Email address: email@example.com Comment: [Press Enter] You selected this USER-ID: "Gerhard Mourani <firstname.lastname@example.org>" Change (N)ame, (C)omment, (E)mail or (O)kay/(Q)uit? o You need a Passphrase to protect your secret key. We need to generate a lot of random bytes. It is a good idea to perform some other action (type on the keyboard, move the mouse, utilize the disks) during the prime generation; this gives the random number generator a better chance to gain enough entropy. +++++..+++++++++++++++..+++++.++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++..+++++++ +++.+++++++++++++++++++++++++.+++++++++++++++...+++++++++++++++++++++++++.+++++ ..+++++>+++++...+++++++++++++++>+++++.......>+++++.......>+++++................ ..........+++++^^^^ public and secret key created and signed.
A new key-pair is created (secret and public key) in the root home directory ~/root.