If everything goes well, the virtual console display should look similar to the following example:
Connected to tty1 at 9600 bps. gnu-linux login:
Log in as root.
Create a new, unprivileged user and new group by appending a line to the /etc/passwd and /etc/group files, respectively. Be sure to use a double greater-than (>>) to avoid accidentally overwriting the files.
bash# echo "floyd::501:500:User:/home/floyd:/bin/sh" >> /etc/passwd bash# echo "users::500:" >> /etc/group bash# mkdir /home/floyd bash# chown floyd.users /home/floyd bash# chmod 700 /home/floyd
Switch to virtual terminal tty2 by pressing ALT+F2.
Log in as floyd.
Try the following commands and verify that they work.
bash$ pwd bash$ ls -l / bash$ cat /etc/passwd
Try the following commands and verify that they do not work.
bash$ ls /root bash$ /sbin/shutdown -h now bash$ su -