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Flag of Tromelin Island
Map of Tromelin Island
Introduction Tromelin Island
First explored by the French in 1776, the island came under the jurisdiction of Reunion in 1814. At present, it serves as a sea turtle sanctuary and is the site of an important meteorological station.
Geography Tromelin Island
Southern Africa, island in the Indian Ocean, east of Madagascar
Geographic coordinates:
15 52 S, 54 25 E
Map references:
total: 1 sq km
water: 0 sq km
land: 1 sq km
Area - comparative:
about 1.7 times the size of The Mall in Washington, DC
Land boundaries:
0 km
3.7 km
Maritime claims:
continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
low, flat, and sandy; likely volcanic
Elevation extremes:
lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
highest point: unnamed location 7 m
Natural resources:
Land use:
arable land: 0%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 100% (grasses; scattered bushes) (1998 est.)
Irrigated land:
0 sq km (1998 est.)
Natural hazards:
Environment - current issues:
Geography - note:
climatologically important location for forecasting cyclones; wildlife sanctuary (seabirds, tortoises)
People Tromelin Island
uninhabited, except for visits by scientists (July 2002 est.)
Government Tromelin Island
Country name:
conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Tromelin Island
local short form: Ile Tromelin
local long form: none
Dependency status:
possession of France; administered by a high commissioner of the Republic, resident in Reunion
Legal system:
the laws of France, where applicable, apply
Flag description:
the flag of France is used
Economy Tromelin Island
Economy - overview:
no economic activity
Communications Tromelin Island
Communications - note:
important meteorological station
Transportation Tromelin Island
Ports and harbors:
none; offshore anchorage only
1 (2001)
Airports - with unpaved runways:
total: 1
under 914 m: 1 (2002)
Military Tromelin Island
Military - note:
defense is the responsibility of France
Transnational Issues Tromelin Island
Disputes - international:
claimed by Madagascar and Mauritius

This page was last updated on 19 March 2003