Country List | World Factbook Home
CIA Seal  World Factbook Seal Juan de Nova Island
Flag of Juan de Nova Island
Map of Juan de Nova Island
Introduction Juan de Nova Island
Named after a famous 15th century Spanish navigator and explorer, the island has been a French possession since 1897. It has been exploited for its guano and phosphate. Presently a small military garrison oversees a meteorological station.
Geography Juan de Nova Island
Southern Africa, island in the Mozambique Channel, about one-third of the way between Madagascar and Mozambique
Geographic coordinates:
17 03 S, 42 45 E
Map references:
total: 4.4 sq km
water: 0 sq km
land: 4.4 sq km
Area - comparative:
about seven times the size of The Mall in Washington, DC
Land boundaries:
0 km
24.1 km
Maritime claims:
continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
low and flat
Elevation extremes:
lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
highest point: unnamed location 10 m
Natural resources:
guano deposits and other fertilizers
Land use:
arable land: 0%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 100% (90% forest) (1998 est.)
Irrigated land:
0 sq km (1998 est.)
Natural hazards:
periodic cyclones
Environment - current issues:
Geography - note:
wildlife sanctuary
People Juan de Nova Island
no indigenous inhabitants
note: there is a small French military garrison along with a few meteorologists; occasionally visited by scientists (July 2002 est.)
Government Juan de Nova Island
Country name:
conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Juan de Nova Island
local short form: Ile Juan de Nova
local long form: none
Dependency status:
possession of France; administered by a high commissioner of the Republic, resident in Reunion
Legal system:
the laws of France, where applicable, apply
Diplomatic representation in the US:
none (possession of France)
Diplomatic representation from the US:
none (possession of France)
Flag description:
the flag of France is used
Economy Juan de Nova Island
Economy - overview:
Up to 12,000 tons of guano are mined per year.
Communications Juan de Nova Island
Communications - note:
1 meteorological station
Transportation Juan de Nova Island
total: NA km; short line going to a jetty
Ports and harbors:
none; offshore anchorage only
1 (2001)
Airports - with unpaved runways:
total: 1
914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2002)
Military Juan de Nova Island
Military - note:
defense is the responsibility of France
Transnational Issues Juan de Nova Island
Disputes - international:
claimed by Madagascar

This page was last updated on 19 March 2003