Created: 12/11/1958

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II December




The Soviet delegation to tbs nuclear test cessation talks at Geneva continued its efforts this week to create the Impression of substantial progress toward agreement. At formal sessionsnd 8 the Soviet team two draft articles which would prohibit nuclear-weapons tests andontrol organization with which "each of the parties (would agree) to cooperate promptly and ecember the Soviet delegationengthy


detailed text ofontrol system, in an effort to undercut Western charges that the USSR refuses to negotiate details of ansystem. The plan,to appear comprehensive in scope, falls to Include the basic guarantees for a system sat forthby tbe West.

The plan calls for aorganisation" to beby the "founder states"US, the UK, and the USSR. The organization wouldcontrol commission," technical system," ground posts, control posts at sea, and aircraft. The commission would direct all elements of theto ensure: and effective observations over possible sites of nuclear explosions, carrying out offlights over the high seas, processing of data, andand carrying out of on-the-site inspections ofviolations. It wouldall cases of suspectedand adopt decisions on the existence or nonexistence of "sufficient grounds" for sending out Inspection teams.

The USSR insists that all substantive decisions of the control "commission" be subject to veto by any of the three "founder states" ln theand that disputes beto tbe UN Security The plan falls to meet Western requirements on other major issues. It doesruly international organization, requiring instead that all personnel at theposts, except for one or two senior officials, be of the country in which tne post is located. Soviet delegate Tsarapkin contended

that his proposals were based on the report of the Geneva technical talks last summer or, in some cases, on the views expressed by the Soviet expert at those talks. Tsarapkin also alleged that these "basic draft provisions" wereand tbat all othershould be covered in agreements drafted by theitself.

Tsarapkln's Insistence that the Soviet control plan is derived from the Geneva technical report will probably be used by Soviet propagandaasis for chargesestern rejection is another retreat from previous positions and agreements. While the USSR may be willing to compromise on such points as the nake-up, privileges, and immunities of control post personnel, and on communication facilities for the control organ, it isto drop its insistence on unanimity on all Important questions.

ress conferenceecember, Tsarapkin firmly rejected majority voting,that Moscow "cannot accept an automatic two-to-oneagainst it." He claimedountry suspected of conducting testa would be obliged by world public opinion to let inspectors into its territory. However, be did tell the Western delegates that it should be possible toompromise defining which questions require unanimity and which needimple

Surprise-Attack Talks

Tbe Soviet delegate to the surprise-attack talks to repeat previous


criticisms of the Westernapproach to the problem while privately indicating his readiness to conclude the talks before Christmasutually acceptable basis. Soviet press and radio comment Is veryus to the outcome of the negotiations, Moscow radio has broadcast charges of "sterilo discussions," which It attributes to the Western

"negative" attitude towardSoviet proposals. Hoscow is probably satisfied that its omnibus proposals on inspection and disarmament iu the declarationade publicecember, contrast favorably with the West's insistenceareful,tudy^o^ the problen


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