SOVIET TACTICS IN GENEVA NEGOTATIONS

Created: 11/20/1958

OCR scan of the original document, errors are possible

CURRENT INTELLIGENCE WEEKLY SUMMARY

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PART II

NOTES AND COMMENTS

SOVIET TACTICS IN GENEVA NEGOTIATIONS

Cessation

Both Geneva conferences remain deadlocked over agenda issues. At the ninth meeting of the conferenceuclear test cessation agreement, Soviet representative Tsarapkina second revision of his draft agenda. Essentially the same as the draft presented onovember, the new proposal calls for agreement by theto prepare two documentsreaty to stop tests and theprotocol" on asystem. The Soviethas evaded tbe question of the precise relationshipthese documents.

The USSR's insistence that an agreement on test cessation and the provisionsontrol system be embodied in separate documents reflects Moscow's principal aims in the Geneva talks. First, the USSRbelieves this approach will facilitate its efforts to sharpen the contrast between its demandermanent and unconditional cessation and the Western proposals for asuspension stressing the necessity of prior agreementontrol system. Moscow is maneuvering to place itself in the strongest possibleso that in the eventreakoff, it can charge that Western insistence on theof the control issue is an artificial device to evade an agreement to end testing.

The Soviet demand for two separate documents alsoafeguard against any unexpected Westernwhich would seriouslythe Soviet leaders. Moscow has shown considerable

caution on the nuclear testsince tbe United States and Britainonditional one-year suspension last August. The Soviet leaders recognized this proposalajorto their whole strategy.

The refusal of the Soviet delegate to discuss controlsasic agreementermanent cessation of tests has been reachedeversion to the position taken by Moscow prior to its agreement last May to attend the Geneva talks on test detection which held that negotiations on the control of any aspect of disarmament could come only after agreements have been concluded in principle.

The USSR's performance ln Geneva to date suggests that its fundamental aim there, as at last year's Londontalks, is tolear-cut showdown with the West on the issue of antest ban separate from all other aspects of disarmament. Tbe Soviet attack continues to be aimed at what Moscowthe most vulnerable points of the Westerna test cessation conditional on the Implementation of other measures suchontrollimitation and reduction of production of fissionable materials for weapons purposes, and reduction of conventional armed forces.

The Soviet news agency TASS onovember carried the full text of the original five-part Soviet draft agreement calling for cessation of tests, with only vague languageontrol system. Despite this violation of the agreement to keep the talks secret, Moscow

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has not Indicated any desire to break off negotiations.

Surprise Attack

The Soviet delegation at the talks on measures to pro-vent surprise attack continues its efforts to focus debate on broad political issues. In theovember meeting Kuznetsov reasserted Soviet objections to the Western working paper, again charging the West withof using any inspection system for intelligence

Kuznetsov reiterated past Soviet charges against United States SAC bomber flights in the direction of frontiers of other states. Heraft proposal recommending that the participatingprohibit flights ofcarrying nuclear weapons over the territories of other countries and over open seas. The draft declares this practice increases the danger of surprise attack.

Both onndovember the Communist delegation in-sited that any Joint communique"eference to theproposal. Kuznetsovthat if no agreement were reached, each side would have to publish its own version. Both sides have made conces-sions om the communique but this wrangling may develop into an almost daily problem.

It seems likely that after the subject of aircraft flights Is exhausted, the Communists will give similar treatment to other standard Soviet such as elimination of foreign bases, banning of nuclear tests, and of armed forces. Thus, Moscow has begun its battle to present proposals olitical nature to blur the focus of the talks, avoiding serious and conclusions on the practical aspects ectlon system.

SV&IF.T

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