NUCLEAR TEST TALKS

Created: 4/16/1959

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CURRENT INTELLIGENCE WEEKLY

9

NUCLEAR TEST TALKS

delegate Tsarapkin, at the Geneva nuclear test talks which resumed onprilhree-week recess,distress and alarm in his initial reaction to the new American proposalhased approachestessation ofand underwater tests. He said this proposal bears out the USSR's "worst apprehensions" concerning the outcome of the talks. At the end of thepril session, the Soviettold reporters that the American proposal Is notand that all nuclear tests must be stopped. Soviet propaganda quickly charged that the proposal ignores the "demands of the world publicermanent, unconditional cessation of tests."

Khrushchev had told Prime Minister Macmillan during the

isit to Moscow that he was not Interested in an agreement confined totests. Soviet propaganda had attacked Senator Gore'slast winter for anunilateral cessation oftests, terming Itof American opposition to an over-all cessation agreement. Tsarapkin recalled during thepril session that thedelegation had stated,when originally queried on theproposal, that the United States continued to seek aagreement.

On the eve of theof the talks, the Soviet Foreign Ministryengthy statement summarizing Moscow's position since the conference began on 31 The statement seeks to present the Soviet stand on the remaining points in controversy

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CURRENT INTELLIGENCE WEEKLY SUMMARY9

ft "reasonftble" lightit with the Western position. It gives all credit for progress made thus far to Moscow and asserts that, in order toolution, the United States and Britain must "show the same willingness to reach agreement as the USSR,"

The tone of tbe statement recalls two letters byto groups of private citizens In the United States and India, published during the recess, in which the Soviet premier attacked allegedattempts to "obstruct" agreement. It charges that the Western proposals concerning the composition of the control commission and vote by majority are efforts "to foist on the

Soviet Union unilateralon questions affecting "vitally important interests of the Soviet Union's security."

Ambassador Thompsonthere is some chance Moscow will attempt to "sweeten the general atmosphere" before the forthcoming foreign conference by making "enough concessions at the atom test talks to produce agreement there."

Thompson suggested that this would be intended to strengthen the hands of those Westerners who urge flexibility and advocate European security arrangements Involving arms limitation and Inspection schemes Independent of progress

toward settlement of European political questions. Hehowever, that any major new Soviet proposals on either nuclear tests or broaderquestions probably will be held back for Khrushchevto introduceummit meeting.

To further the appearanceonciliatory attitude on Its part prior to negotiations on Berlin, the USSR nay plan to make further adjustments in its position at the nucluar test talks on such issues as the staffing of control posts and immanent Inspection teams: Khrushchev told Macmlllao he thought agreement could be reached on staffing of control posts.

Tsarapkin onprilthe Soviet position on the functions of "foreign specialist" members of control posts andthat agreement on would open the way for an over-all cessation of tests, thus obviating the need tothe American planartial agreement.

While Moscow may Introduce some formula designed to appearompromise on votingit is unlikely that the Soviet leaders would accept any control and Inspectionwhich would preclude an effective Soviet veto over the activities of the control bodies.

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