CURRENT INTELLIGENCE WEEKLY SUMMARY -- CYPRUS

Created: 8/6/1959

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Current Intelligence Weekly Summary

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CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY OFFICE OF CURRENT INTELLIGENCE

CURRENT INTELLIGENCE WEEKLYugust9

differences between Archbishop Maksrlos endEOKA leader George Grlvas haver causedpen break, and Cyprus Is again faced with the possibility of violence,who is confident that be enjoys the support of tbe overwhelming majority of Greek Cyprlots, bas replied Id mild terms to Grivae" action In "dissociating" himself from the Cyprus settlement. Greek Government leaders, recognizing Grlvssotentially dsngerous rival for power, bave bluntly denied bis charges that beait accompli st the time tbe sccord was reached.

CURRENT INTELLIGENCE WEEKLY 9

CYPRUS

differences between Archbishop Makarlos and former EOKA leader George Grlvas have caused an open break, and Cyprus is faced with the possibility of renewed violence. Grlvas has accused Makarlos and the Greek Government of presenting himait sccompll In the Cyprus settlement. Be charges that he was not consulted on the terms prior to the accord negotiated with the Turks and British last February, and that he had no alternative tothe agreement and ending his four-year-old terrorist campaign.

Grlvas has concsntrated his sttack. however, on theexistence of "oral com-mitments" to the British entered into by the Greek Government, for this reason, he haabimeelf froa theaad has threatened to renew underground activity to "smash the dark forces who seek to enslave the island."

and the Greekresponded quickly to Grlvas' charges, both accepting responsibility for negotiating tbe settlement. Makarlos, while

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CURRENT INTELLIGENCE WEEKLYugust9

those who "sowand seek to createreplied in mild terms to the direct challenge. Indicate that theenjoys the overwhelming support of the Greek Cyprlot community, Including that of many former high-rankingof Grlvas In tho EOKA movement. Uakaxlos has theof the Greek-language press on Cyprus with tho exception of the Communist papers, which are unlikely to support theantl-Comnunlst Grlvas.

There probably does exist,mall band ofloyal to Grlvas who will join him, either directly orin acts of violence If he gives the order. Asupply of weapons andIs believed to be In the hands of former EOKA members, and both Greek and Turkishare believed to beanas. At least oneof undetermined origin has already occurred, and Isolated acts of violence may increase.

Greek Government leaders responded bluntly to Grlvas, whom they recognize as adangerous rival for powsr because of his popularity In Greece. Grlvas, meanwhile, continues to confer With Greek opposition politicians, and an early announcement ofew Greek political movement under his leadership is expected,

Turkish Cypriote and the British are watching thewarily. Turkish Cyprlot leaders have strongly backed Makarlos In the dispute and have warned that Grlvas' activities could lead to disaster. They fear that fanatics, encouraged by the former EOKA leader, willthe moderate majority of Greek Cypriote Intoess conciliatory attitudethe final settlement still being worked out. British securlt forces, meanwhile, have set up roadblocks for the first time since the end of the emergency In March in an attempt to stopmuggling Into Cyprus.

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