NSC BRIEFING - CUBA

Created: 3/17/1959

OCR scan of the original document, errors are possible

CUBA

I. Fidel Castro's campaign against, dictatorships has assumed twoforms: encouragement of revolutionary plottingand pressure for the exclusion ofmembership in the Organization of American States Castro has denied any intention to intervene militarilypublicly declared his intention to assistCT) revolutionary groups. Cuba haseeting groundgroups desirous of receiving Cuban arms, equip-

or financial support,

Argentine leftist. Lrnenro "Cne" Guevara has been given authority

sFi<3el Castro to deal with revolutionary groups. Some low

Omembers ofth of July" movement are probably

exile groups.

1. "Che" Guevara has demonstrated pro-Communist sympathies

and has tended to facilitate Communist activities in Cuba. C. Castro's campaign against dictatorships is at variance with other liberal leaders in the area, principally Venezuelan President Betancourt and former Costa Rican President Figueres. They fear that Castro's dealings with Ctommunist-influenced exile groups would introduce pro-Communist regimes. 1. Figueres may assist rival non-Comraunist rebel groups and Betancourt.

II. Revolutionary plotting in Cuba is directed primarily againstof Dominican Republic, Haiti,c^ Paraguay. *0

has demonstrated most Interest in the downfalldictator Trujillo.

Auti-Trujillo groups have also bccose active in several countries other than Cuba, notably inut so far have failed to achieve unity.

Castro's apparent vehicle is the Communist-influenced Union Patriotica Dominicana (UPD-Dominican Patriotic Union).

Anti-Trujillo preparations in Cuba are not believed to have progressed much beyond the planning stage, although there are reports that revolutionaries are being recruited for training.

Propaganda, including radio broadcasts, is being directed against the Dominican Republic,

interest in Haiti, where the Duvalior governmentweakened by internal deterioration as well as bythreats by exile groups, is primarily as afor attack against the Dominican Republic,

Haitian exiles in Cuba, led by mulatto political leader Louis Dejoio, have been permitted to broadcast inflammatory propaganda attacks against the Duvaller regime.

There is no firm evidence that Haitian exlles^are training in Cuba for an invasionary expedition despite claims that Cuba is supplying both men and arms.

a. However, many men are available for recruitment, former Cuban revolutionaries, Haitian sugarCuba, and mercenaries of other

against Nicaragua and Paraguay is hindered by lack of

unity among opposition groups involved.

2

I. Both countries are probably of loss immediate interestthan the Dominican Republic and Haiti,is believed to support thePatriotica de Nicaragua (UPN-Nicaraguan Patriotic

Union) against Nicaraguan President Soaoza. Nicaragua is more susceptible to invasions, however, than the Dominican Republic. III. Efforts to exclude "dictatorships" from membership in the OAS will probably be limited by the reluctance of many Latin American countriea to intervene in the internal affairs of member nations. A. Venezuelan President Bctancourt first proposed their exclusion.

Original document.

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