NUCLEAR TESTS CESSATION TALKS

Created: 1/21/1960

OCR scan of the original document, errors are possible

CURRENT INTELLIGENCE WEEKLY SUMMARY

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PART II NOTES AND COMMENTS

NUCLEAR TEST CESSATION TALKS

his address to theSoviet onanuary, Khrushchev exuded confidence that he can afford to stand firm on his present position at the nuclear test cessation talks ln Geneva. He gavethat such moves as the recent US announcementthe right to resume testing, "designed to bring pressure on theill be of no avail. While conceding tbat existing technical"cannot provide absolute certainty" that underground nuclear explosions can behe contended that"would cover themselves with shame, and they would be condemned by the peoples of the world."

Khrushchev appears to be playing for time on thethat the USSR,in part on the Britishfor compromise, can extract further concessions from the United States on the nuclear test cessation Issue.

Soviet delegate Tsarapkin assorted that British remarks onanuary could "possibly" provide the way for resolving the technical impasse. The British delegate had asked whether the Soviet Union could agree to "temporary" control measures while the controlIs being installed, if the West were to accept the on-site inspections quota proposal. The Soviet delegate said thequestions deserved "careful attention" and that he would reply shortly.

Moscow may calculate that British willingness to discuss any compromise which wouldsettlement of the quota issue prior to finalof the criteria to be used to send out inspection teams presents an opportunity forinroads on the formalpositionechnically reliable control system must be agreed on before agreementomprehensive test ban.

Soviet delegates at Geneva continue to avoid any further discussion of thein detectingtests, arguing thatfixed" quota of annual on-site inspections is agreed on, the reasons for the clashAmerican and Sovieton this question will disappear. The Sovietis attempting tothe British toompromise between theand Soviet positions on tha deadlocked technical issue.

Moscow probably alsothat the British line of questioning implies agreementoratorium on underground tests during the time the perma-ent control system la being set up. The Soviet delegateprivately last November that ln event of disagreement ln the technical talks, the USSR nighthased treaty, but stressed that tbe "crux of the natter" must be an obligation to halt all tests at the outset, regardless of the temporary naturean on underground tests. Moscow may

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CURRENT INTELLIGENCE WEEKLY SUMMARY0

that tbe Britishcould leadormula to ban all testing "temporarily"atisfactory system for detection andof small undergroundis developed, after which the ban wouldoermanent. m

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