CURRENT INTELLIGENCE WEEKLY SUMMARY: KHRUSHCHEV TRIP TO PEIPING

Created: 9/24/1959

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Current Intelligence Weekly Summary

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CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY OFFICE OF CURRENT INTELLIGENCE

APPFOVEC FOR RELEASE DATE:?

CONTINUED CONTROL

CONFIDENTIAL

TONFIDIINTIAL

CURRENT INTELLIGENCE MEEKLY SUMMARY9

KHRUSHCHEV TRIP TO PEIPING

trip tofor tbe tentb anniversary of tbe establishment of the Chineseepublicctober 1 be hia second since he and Bulganln attended tbe fifth anniversary ins was tbe case in each of tbe other see11nga, the present one will undoubtedly resulttrong reaffirmation of the "unity" and "solidarity" of the Communist bloc and of the "unshakable partnership" of tbe bloc's two major powers. Tbs visit will also provide Khrushchev with an opportunity to discuss his Aaerlcan visit with other bloc leaders.

The Eastern Europeanso farof Albania. Czechoslovakia, and Poland--are to be led by each country's head of state rather than its party leader. Party First Secretary Gomulka will not head the Polish delegation, which will be led by the titular head of atate,.Alexander Zasadakllaolltburo Tbs Albanian delegation will be led by Premier Shehu. Czech President and party First Secretary Novotny reportedly will attend, and It Is safs to assume that most other bloc countries will be similarly represented.

Czech Deputy ForeignGregor. who revealed No-votny's plans to Yugoslavia's ambassador to Prague, stated further that Khrushchev would report to the Bast European "representatives" in company with tbe highest Chinese officials on tbe results of his American visit. told American newsmen on 15 September that party presidium member Mikhail Suslov would head the Sovietuntil Khrushchev's in Peiping and would make

the Soviet Union's major address.

Khruahchev's early aad casual announcement on 4that he would peraonaLIy

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bead tbe Soviet delegation may have been Intended topublic speculation that he had to go to Peiping between hie trip to America andElsenhower's return visit, in order to consult with Mao. Nevertheless, one of Khrushchev's wain tasks will be to allay the apprehension the Chinese have Indicated they feel concerning the effeot bis talks Inwlgbt have on theirobjectives.

In discussing the United States,the Chinese leaders will probably tell Khrushchev that they ars skeptical concerning the possibility of a "real" change In American policyCommunist regimes. Tbe attitude of the Chinese was reflectedld-Augunt Red Flag article which. In ancriticism of Khrushcbsv's current moderate approach, stated: "One can no more hope to get the United States to give up Its policy of creating tension than one can expect at to keep away from id-September Red Flagreiterated Peiping'sIn even stronger.

The Chinese, however,will reassure Kbru-shchev that they intend to take no overt action which sighthis moderate approach.

On ideological matters, the Chinese will almostreaffirm their fidelity to tbe concept of Soviet leader, ship of the bloc and to theexample for "building so-ciallss." They probably will seek, however, to gain endorsement of features of China'sprogram, Including the communes, wblcb have been the object of his criticism. While it is doubtful that Khrushchev will fully endorse the Chinese position,he may seek to smooth over the differences byand expanding bisstatement that each bloc country engaged In "building socialism" matt take intoits "national,and economic pecular-

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