CURRENT INTELLIGENCE WEEKLY REVIEW: KHRUSHCHEV TRIP TO PEIPING

Created: 9/24/1959

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CURRENT INTELLIGENCE WEEKLY REVIEW

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This document contains classified Information affecting the national security of tbe United States within the meaning ol ihe espionage Laws, US Code Title IB.,. The law prohibits its transmission or the revelation of its contents In any manner to anperson, as well as its use In any manner prejudicial to the safety or interest of the United States or for the benefit of any foreign government to iheof the United States.

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KHRUSHCHEV TRIP TO PEIPING

trip tofor the tenth anniversary of the establishment of the Chinese People's Republicctober will be his second since he and Bulganln attended the fifth anniversarys was the case In each of the other Beatings, the present one will undoubtedly resulttrong reaffirmation of the "unity" and "solidarity" of the Communist bloc and of the "unshakablef the bloc's two major powers. The visit will also provide Khrushchev with an opportunity to discuss his American visit with other bloc leaders.

The Eastern Europeanao farf Albania, Czechslovakla, and Poland--are to be led by each country's head of state rather than ltu party leader. Party First Secretary Gomulka will not head the Polish delegation, which will be led by tbe titular bead of state, Alexanderho isolltburo The Albanian delegation will be Led by premier Shohu. Czech President and party First Secretary Kovotny reportedly will attend, and It is aafa to assume that moat other bloc countries will be similarly represented

Czech Deputy ForeignGragor, whoo Yugoslavia's ambassador to Prague, stated further that Khrushchev would report to the East European "representatives" In company with the highest Chineseon the results of bis Aaerlcsn visit. Khrushchev told American newsmen oneptember that party presidium member Mikhail Suslov would head the Soviet delegationKhrushchev's arrival In Peiping and would make theUnion's major address.

Khrushchev's early and casual announcement on 4that he wouldhead the Soviet delegation nay have been Intended topublic speculation that he had to go to Pelplng between his trip to America and Elsenhower's return visit, in order to consult with Mao. Nevertheless, one of Khrushchev's main tasks will be to allay the apprehension the Chinese have indicated they feel concerning the effect his talks Insight have on theirobjectives.

In discussing the United States, the Chinese leaders will probably tell Khrushchev that they ara skeptical concerning the possibilityreal" change in American policyCommunist regimes. The attitude of the Chinese was

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reflectedid-August Red Flag article which, in an oll-lique crltleiem of Khrushchev's current moderate approach, stated: "One can no more hope to get the United States to give up Its policy of creating tension than one canat to keep away fromid-September Bed Flagreiterated Peiping'sin even stronger lac-guage.

The Chinese, however, will reassurethat they intend to take no overt action which mighthis modorate approach.

-that the Chinese "win do nothing" to impede the Eisenhower-Khrushchev visits.

On ideological matters, the Chinese will almostreaffirm their fidelity to the concept of Sovietof the bloc and to theexample for "building They probably will seek, however, to gainendorsement offeatures of China'sprograw, including the communes, which have been the object of his criticism. While it is douhtful that Khrushchev will fully endorse the Chinese position, he may seek to smooth aver the differences byand expanding hisstatement that each bloc country engaged In "building socialism" must take into consideration Its "national, cultural, and aconomlc

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