PART I OF IMMEDIATE INTEREST- EAST--WEST RELATIONS

Created: 3/10/1960

OCR scan of the original document, errors are possible

F IMMEDIATE INTEREST

EAST-WEST RELATIONS

has combinedof optimism over the summit conference with efforts to increase pressure forconcessions. Khrushchev,peecharch after returning from bis Asian trip, said he intends to enter the forthcoming talks in "full readiness to seek out, together with other states, waysolution of disputedravda editorial echoed this sentiment bythat the meeting would be heldveryesult of"successful" Asian tour.

3oviet bloc officials are attempting privately totrong Impression that some decisive action may be taken on'a separate peace treaty with East Germany if the summit meeting does not produce an agreement. These officials have given Western sourcesversions on the timing of such action In order toSoviet intentions andpressure for Western concessions.

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an American official that the USSR had no intention ofa separate treaty prior to President Eisenhower's visit in June. His statement Implied, however, that the West mightsome action afterisit. ASovlet official in-

ISovlet

officials havs sought^to'lnten-sify pressure for concessions and stimulate fearrivate understanding between the USSR and the United States. Theambassador to Bonn warned Free Democratic party leaders that Germany would "disappear entirely" if Bonn persisted in its present hostility to the USSR and obstructionist policy on Berlin. He said the West Germans did not realize that the USSR and the United States hadlarge measure of agreement through diplomaticnd that Bonn would be "well advised" to take this new situation into account.

Moscow is stepping up its efforts to portray the Bonnas an Increasinglyobstacle to an East-West agreement. The Soviet official in Paris claimed that the* US Government fails to realizeis moving to sabotage an East-West agreement by exaggerat ing such issues as theflights to Berlin and the new documents for'Allied Military Liaisonbearing the name "German Democratic Republic."

Moscowwo-week propaganda campaign against tbe

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panish military talks with notesarch to the three Western powers and Bonn protesting the talksiolation of Allied agreements on Gormany. The notes implied that an understanding between the USSR and the three Western powers could be reached, Bonn does not disrupt the "certain relaxation ofwhich Moscow claims has taken place. Timing the -lotes tO secure maximum impact before Khrushchev's visit to France and Adenauer's trip to the United States, Moscow apparently hopes to focus increasedon the neederman settlement. The notesackground for Khrushchev to renew appeals for restrictions on German military power during his visit to France.

Western Position

A high official in the West German Foreign Ministry has privately affirmed that Bonneturn to the basic Western plan of9 in order toisposition in "certainto offer additionalon Berlin. Theconsiders the presentrights the safest basl: for continued Allied presence in the city and fears that an "interim agreement" for Berlin would ultimately undermine the confidence of the city.

The official believes that Khrushchev is unwilling to take any steps involving the risk of war and will therefore move cautiously on the questioneparate peace treaty with East Germany. In his opinion, however, the Western powersajor test in how they react to the Soviet pressures

aimed at creating an atmosphere of crisis ln ordor to intimidate and disunite thorn.

Speakingarty rally in Berlinarch, Social Democratic party (SPD) chairman Ollenhauer, replying to recent Soviet propaganda tactics, stated it was time for Moscow to "stop hoping" that the SPD ever wouldromoter of Soviet Re added that there was no purpose ln consideringfor negotiationsfrom the East German "nominees of Moscow." He did, however, endorse military withdrawal from both parts of Gormany as aapproach to the question of German reunification.

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