NSC BRIEFING - SINO-SOVIET BLOC CAMPAIGN IN LATIIN AMERICA

Created: 11/30/1959

OCR scan of the original document, errors are possible

NSC BRIKKING

NovemberS

T BLOC CAMPAIGN IN LATIN AMERICA

I. Tho bloc Is attempting to exploit the "relaxation of tensions'*

since Khrushchev's visit to the OS in an effort to expanddiplomatic and cultural relations with Latin Americaits long-run objective of decroasing OS influencestrategic Mexican visit ofranking Soviet official

to visit Latinlarge Soviet delegation for

of Soviet exhibit was significant move in this direc-

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and emphasizes increased importance OSSR attaches to its propaganda and penetration efforts in area. 1- Mexican reaction to Mikoyan and tho exhibit has been cool

Recent article in Pravda, which pointed up impact on Latin

O

^of Khrushchev's visit to OS, claimed "re-establishmer

development of friendly relations with USSReal

great cause associated with hopes for guaranteed

national independenceetter life for Latin American

peoples."

1. Moscow recently doubled broadcasts to Central America an. increasedhird those to Brazil. C. In several Latin American countries, businessmen, some labor leaders and certain government and congressional leaders

are pressing for trade and diplomatic relations with bloc.

l

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mportant Brazilian trade delegation now in Moscow; Brazilian Foreign Minister spoke of possible review of Brazilian relations with USSR at time Khrushchev visit to US announced; other Brazilian politicians have subsequently called for diplomatic rotations or more trade with bloc.

Venezuela is considering renewal of relations with bloc, and recently granted permission to Czechs to establish commercial agency in Caracas.

Bolivian congress passed resolution In Sept. calling for relations with USSR and voted funds for Bolivian mission in Moscow; reported informal Soviet offerredit to Bolivian national oil company reinforced domestic prossure.

II. Latin American Communists are Implementing some of the strategy which they planned In Moscow early this year in specialconference at whichfrea parties were represented and which Soviet Presidium member Otto V. Kuusinen and other Soviet "observers" attended.

American Communists were told then todirection, improve coordination of areato stress "national liberation from imperialist yoke."

are now effectively exploitinginoordinated anti-USon the themes of: US support of dictators,movements" in Cuba and Venezuela, andissue.

j^tin American Communists arceries of rcgl.onal front movements to implement the Moscow guidelines. Forommunist-dominated women's congress met in mid-November in Santiago, Chile. Among the speakers was the pro-Communist Mrs. Raul Castro. It voted resolutions supporting Castro's revolution and the nationalization of natural resources, and denouncing ties with the OS.

i III.eeting of Latin American Communists inthe Moscowleaders demonstrated considerable interest in an expanded role in the guidance of Latin American Communism.

A. Peiping particularly active in augmenting exchange of visits, developing propaganda network In the area, and in training Latin American Communists in China. Three weeks ago Peiping increased broadcasts to Latin America by one-third. IV. Communists have registered important gains this year inCuban revolution and other aspects of Cuban life* A. The Cuban government continues its rapid trend to the left, emphasized byovember shakeup.

"Che" Guevara, new head of National Bank,

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now in position to implement his precept that, to become truly independent, Cuba must shift pattern of trade away from dependence on OS.

minimal economic knowledge colored byof Cuban revolutionlass struggle change economic structure and social system.

Now minister of public works, Osmani Clcnfuegos, isommunist..

Officials replaced are relative moderates; otbers likely soon to be replaced.

Communist-influenced National Agrarian Reform Institute (INRA) becoming all-powerful.

INRA's pro-Communist director saidlosed neeticg in early October that the Institute is the "real government ofccordingew CIA source who attended the meeting.

At the meeting Fidel Castro said he would obtain funds necessary for INRA since through it the govt will control the entire economy.

INRA expropriations and other activities to date do indeed suggest plans to control production and salo of all agricultural commodities, cattle, minerals, petroleum, and other raw materials.

Lands taken are organized as sta-te-owned cooperatives, not given to peasants as promised by Castro.

fearing otber hat as head of INRA's Industrial section, pro-Communist Che Guevara has almost unlimited posers in formulating foreign and domestic economic policy.

On the surface Castro seems to haveetback In Cuban Labor Federation elections for executive council last week, but Communists remain strong in labor.

8.

Salvador, who has record oi cooperation with Communists, remains Fidel Castro's hand-picked secretary-general of the labor federation. The resolutions passed by the congress were strongly anti-OS and in general parallel international Communist propaganda.

Original document.

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