Copy No. L"
HE COMMUNIST BLOC
More0 East Germans (leds! !fcr::r. In Aur.l.
Arabia* ud Utnin authorities liaplvinani Aran boycott ol US sfiippint. q
ension running blgft and v
toMM Communist saipisles Irom
I. THE WEST
rtngn governorarMakanos ir.delaying
Cuban crmciiinol BctancounSupport lor pro-Castro
CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN
I. THE COMMUNIST BLOC
Eastotal2 East Germans fled to West Berlin inompared with lessn Marchnhe proportion of maleof military age was the highest inew element in the latter half of April consisted of youthsegime drive to assign them to collective farms as workers.
Boycott: The Saudi Arabian Government has for-bidden the loading or unloading of American-flag ships,tankers, in Saudi ports. Libyan authorities have ordered an American freighter carrying cargo for Wheelus Air Base and for the American development program in Libya not to enter Tripoli harbor, and local US military authorities have advised diversionavy cargo ship.|
Lebanon: Christian-Moslem tension is increasing as plans are being made for parliamentary elections. Intervention ofpoliceispute between rival Christian factions en routeontifical mass in Beirutay resulted in two deaths and more thanther casualties. Extremist Christian elements have retaliated by bombing the home of the director of Nationaloslem. President Shihab can be expected to order stringent con-
ommunist China: The Indonesiancalls the unsanctioned departurehinese Communist shipumatran port after pickingverseasa "gross violation" which "cannot be ignored" Local Indonesian authorities have asked the navy to intercept the ship. The departure was not authorized because the Chinese passen-
gers had refused to comply with emigration regula ently on advicehinese Communist consul.6)
III. THE WEST
^Governor Foot is optimistic that negotiations with Makarios can be ended soon and Cypriot independence proclaimed in early June. The size of the bases to be retained by the British] has been agreed upon atquare miles* The remaining issues are the exact boundaries and the ultimate disposition of the Britis bases; the financial aid Britain is to furnish Cyprus; and theof Greeks and Turks in the Cypriot civiln Athens, General George Grivas, former leader of the Cypriot guerrillaEOKA, charged that Makarios has "lost control of therivas, demanding that Makarios clarify his position with regard to terrorists who recently kidnaped an anti-Makarios newspaper editor, predicted possible civil waresult. Early independence would help to ease the deteriorating economicbut growing conflict among the Greek Cypriots themselvesa long period of political tension on the island.!-
v citraqcia. nebcin auauKsetancourt in the semiofficial Cuban press and radio, reinforced by Castros indirect slur in his May Day speech, may presage increased Cuban support of influential pro-Castro groups in Venezuela, where there is an increasingly sharp division over policy toward Castro, Cuba has maintained close contacts with dissatisfied elements in Betan-courts coalition, as well as with the Venezuelan Communists, and
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may be giving them financial aid and guidance. ,'Betancourt has privately revealed his complete disenchantment with Cast but probably wishes to avoid an open rift until after theirenemy--Domimean dictator TruiilIo--is
eshuffle of the Qasim cabinetay hasin the dropping of Finance Minister Hadid, one of the most influential and conservative members, and the appointment of an additional army officer. Brig. Gen. Ismail Arif, former military attache in Washington, as minister of education. Iraq's first woman cabinetuspected Communist, has been shelved and made minister of state. The replacement of the competent Hadid Is likely to delay economic recovery. the army will lncrease.l
East German Refugee Flights to West Berlin Rise
A total2 refugees reached West Berlin in April. The monthly total was the highest since the mass flights of professional men in3 fled. Theof males of military age was also the highest since that period. West German officials say thatf the April total are farmers. Many youths are fleeing to escape the regimes drive to assign them to collective farms as workers.
In the week endingefugees reached West Berlin, bringinghe total for the two-weekpril. Thereewer refugees in theperiod last year, when the regimes securitywere less stringent.
The regime has taken drastic steps to curb the flights, even making attempts to apprehend refugees in West Berlin elevated railroad stations operated by the East Germans. It has also blocked the savings accounts of farmers suspected of planning to escape, and in consequence many refugees now are entering West Berlin with little or no money. To avoid arousingmany also carry no personal belongings. The highflow is particularly embarrassing to the Communists on the eve of the summit, but the Ulbricht regime probablythat the drastic measures needed for effective closing of the Berlin escape routes would be even more embarrassing.
The regimes schedule for organizing the former privately owned farms into large-scale Soviet-type collectives reportedly has been postponed for two or three yearsonsequence of the low morale among remaining farmers, shortages of farm
machlnery and buildings, and lack of experienced organizers [East Germany, meanwhile, reportedly is attempting to get needed farm machinery from other bloc countries.,'
The regime is seeking to pin the onus for the flights on Evangelical churchmen, in an evident move to counteract the effects of their strong criticism of the use of coercion in the collectivization program!-
Arab Boycott ol US Shipping Gains Momentum
The boycott of American-flag ships, in retaliation for continuing refusal by union labor in New York to unload the UAR freighter Cleopatra, is spreading to most Arab ports. The Saudi Arabian Government has forbidden the loading or unloading of American-flag ships, including tankers, in Saudi ports. The inclusion of tankers in the Saudi ban is of little practical significance, however, since American-flag tankers constituteery small percentage of the total number operating in Saudi ports or in the Persian Gulf areahole.
Officials of several Arab states have been anxious to delay ordering direct implementation of the boycott and have asked US officials and private shippers to divert American freighters from their ports. In Iraq, for example, the foreign minister
made such aGeneral
Federation of Iraqi Trace unionsoycott andto all Arab workers to join in. The Qasim government will probably go along with implementation of the boycott against the first American-flag ship which enters the port of Basra.
In Libya, after two freighters had been diverted, Libyan authoritieshird, which was carrying cargo for Wheelus Air Base and for the American development program, not to enter Tripoli harbor. Local US military authorities subsequently advised diversionavy cargo ship.
The UAR has been the prime mover in organizing the boycott; the overt planning has been carried out by the UAR-dominated International Confederation of Arab Trade Unions. The belief among all Arab leaders that the boycott in New York was "Zionist instigated" has contributed an unusual
(Intervention by Moslem-directed policeisputetwo Christian factionsay, resulting in two deaths and the wounding of more thanersons, has increasedoslem tensionsime when parliamentary elec -tions are in the offing.]
(jhe violence occurred as crowds gatheredontifical mass plannedesture of national unity and attended by the papal nuncio, the Maronite patriarch, the Lebanese cabinet, and members of the diplomatic corps. Supporters of formerChamoun and the Phalange, the political arm of theChurch led by Minister of Works Pierre Jumayyil, staged rival demonstrations. The pro-Nasir Moslem chief of the emergencyeserter during8 rebellion,and grenade into the crowd. This was followed by firing by the police. Extremist Christian elements retaliated the next day by bombing the residence of the Moslem director of National Policej]
Qumayyil, whose leadership of the Christians is waning, has been placedifficult position and has threatened tounless stern measures are taken immediately to punish the culprit. Although President Shihab can be expected to take strong measures to prevent further disorders, theis likely to unite the Christians against the Shihab regime and possibly against the patriarch, who has been regarded by many Christians as being soft in defending Christian rightsT}
CBecause of apprehension in Christian quarters that any new parliament will be dominated by pro-UAR elements bent on destroying the delicate balance between Christians and Moslems, this incident is likely to increase the influence of extremists among the Christian elements. Further incidents
Indonesian Government Outraged by Illegal Departure Of Chinese Communist Ship
The Indonesian Government has labeledgrosswhich "cannot be ignored" the unauthorized departurehinese Communist shipmall Sumatran portverseas Chinese. Local authorities requested naval assistance to intercept the ship. Indonesian officials said the ships departure had not been authorized because the Chineseto comply with emigration regulations includingand submission of belongings for examination, apparently on tho advice of the Chinese consul from Medan.
Chinese emigration is the result of an Indonesian ban on rural alien retailers and Peipings subsequent invitation toChinese to return to the mainland if dissatisfied with their treatment ln Indonesia. Peiping has consistently protested Indo-nesias treatment of repatriates and is particularly concerned with Djakartas refusal to permit them to take moreoken amount of money and personal property to China. Sino-Indonesianin Djakarta aimed at eradicating differences over repatriation procedures have made little progress. The Chinese shipsdeparture may reflect Peipings decision to put additionalon Djakarta.
Sino-Indonesian friction over the Overseas Chinese issue has persisted sincentil relations improve, the Indonesian Government does not intend to replace its ambassador in Peiping, whose tour ended in February. The Indonesian charge walked outession of the National Peoples Congress in mid-April, and the Indonesian foreign minister later protestedighof the Overseas Chinese Affairs Commission attacked the "mil-itary dictatorship" in Indonesia.
THE PRESIDENT The Vice President
Executive Offices of the White House
Special Assistant for National Security Affairs
Scientific Adviser to the President
Director of the Budget
Director. Office of Civil and Defense Mobilization Director, National Aeronautics and Space Administration Special Assistani for Security Operations Coordination Chairman, Board of Consultants on Foreign Intelligence Activities Special Assistant for Foreign Economic Policy Executive Secretary. National Security Council
The Treasury Department
Tho Secretary of the Treasury
The Department of State The Sec retary of State The Under Secretary of State The Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs Tre Deputy Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs The Deputy Under Secretary of State for Administration The Counselor
Director, International Cooperation Administration The Director of Intelligence and Research Tho Department of Defense The Secretary of Defense Tho Deputy Secretary of Defense
Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs
Tbe Secretary of the Army
The Secretary of the Navy
The Secretary of the Air Force
The Chairman, The Joint Chiefs of Staff
The Director, The Joint Staff
Chief of Staff, United Stales Army
Chief of Naval Operations, United States Navy
Chief of Staff, United States Air Force
Commandant, United Slates Marine Corps
Assistant to Secretary of Defense for Special Operations
Director for Intelligence, The Joint Staff
Assistant Chief of Staff for Intelligence, Department of Army
Director of Naval Intelligence, Department of Navy
Assistant Chief of Staff, Intelligence, Department of the Air Force
Supreme Allied Commander, Europe
Commander in Chief, Pacific The Department of Commerce
The Secretary of Commerce Federal Bureau of Investigation
The Director Atomic Energy Commission
The Chairman National Security Agency
The Director National Indications Center
Tho DirectorOriginal document.