CURRENT INTELLIGENCE WEEKLY
Test Ban Talks
o the Eisen-howerJ*BHI,BBB"BBB"|statement of
pledges not to test smallnuclear weapons, the USSR will probably insistoratorium on such tests be included in some formreaty banning all other tests. Moscow wOuld seek to portray Western agreement to thisas implyingof the long-standingdemandomprehensive ban on all tests.
Soviet chief delegate Tsarapkin at Geneva has asked why the United States favors such unilateral declarations rather thanoratorium obligation in the treaty, emphasizing that
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CURRENT INTELLIGENCE WEEKLY 0
USSR regards this question as of "crucial Importance."
In requesting more de-tails on the Eisenhowerl >lan, Tsarapkin that the duration of
a moratorium should coincide with that of the research and development program to make all tests detectable. Referring to an alleged statement by AEC Chairman McCone that four or five years would be necessary toeliable control system over the cessation of all tests, Tsarapkin asked whether this Is still theof the United States.
The has been the United States' lead, but to agree, If pressed by the USSR, to the Inclusion of the moratorium on underground testsertain threshold in the treaty banning tests above this threshold.
The Soviet delegation at the disarmament talksto insist last week that the conference recognize the principle of "complete anddisarmament" and proceed to work out basic principles toward this objective. Khrushchev's strongin France of the failure of the Western plan to offer common areas for agreement, Zorln characterized theplan as an inadequateto the UN resolution and unacceptableasis for further negotiations. He stressed the standard theme that tbe West was seeking to negotiate "complete and general control," while evadingdisarmament measures, and urged that the conferenceto the main task ofand general disarmament assigned to It by the UN.
Despite continued bloc criticism of the Western plan, the atmosphere of the conference continued to be relaxed and the tone of the debate moderate.
Zorln stated publicly that he will not agree to discuss partial disarmament measures until It becomes clear that the West Is not interested inand complete disarmament. This line provides furtherthat Soviet tactics are aimed at drawing the Westat least agreement Into Moscow's formula of "general and completeas the goal of theor, falling this, to place the blame on the.ee^Original document.