CURRENT INTELLIGENCE WEEKLY SUMMARY

Created: 7/21/1960

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CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY

OFFICE OF CURRENT INTELLIGENCE

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THE ITALIAN POLITICAL 12

Difficulties encountered in the negotiations for replacing tbe Tanbronl cabinet suggest that the new govern-stent will leave unresolved tbe right-left stalemate Thlch has almost paralyzed effective government in Italy. The Christian Democrats are principally concerned with removing the stigma of neo-Fascist parliamentary support that was Promt or Tambronl's main difficulty and thus improving their prospects ln tbe nationwide local elections scheduled for October. Tbe three small center parties promised their parliamentary support to prevent Communist exploitation of the anti-Fascist issue but only to prevent polarization of the Italian political situation.

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THE WEEK IN BRIEF

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ITALIAN POLITICAL SITUATION

encountered in the negotiations forthe Tambroni cabinetthat the new government will leave unresolved the right-left stalemate which has almost paralyzed effective government in Italy. The Christianare principally concerned with removing the stigma of neo-Fascist parliamentarythat was Premier Tambroni's main difficulty and thustheir prospects in thelocal electionsfor October. The thi-ji small center parties promised their parliamentary support to prevent Communist exploitation of the anti-Fascist issue but only to prevent polarization of the Italian political

The Democratic Socialists and Republicans lookew all - Christiancabinet, preferably headed by former Premier Fan-fani, and Socialist party leader Nenni has indicated he would not vote against it. the probability that ex-Premier Scelba would return to his old post as minister of interior was probablyto these parties. Scelba has consistentlyabinet made up of all four center parties,in previous quadripartite cabinets important legislation was impeded by dissensionDemocratic Socialists and Liberals.

Following the widespread anti-Fascist rioting fromune touly, most elements in the Christian Democratic party agreed that the Tambroni government had to be replaced. The disturbances also convinced tho three small center partiesLiberals, Democraticandthey must for the time being provide parliamentary support for an alternative government. Tbey have not overcome, however, the basic ideologicalwhich kept them from agreeingovernment during the two-month crisis whichTarabronl's decision to depend on neo-Fascist support. Tambroni himself had shown reluctance to resign, andGronchi had alsohange of premier.

Tho conservative Liberal party appears to have consented toew Christiancabinet only after an intraparty struggle, oome of its members objoct to Fanfnaieader of tho Christian Democratic left wing and to the possibility of Nenni Socialist support. All the center parties seem to favor tho continuance of former Premier Segni as foreign affalrN minister.

Tito Communists, anxious to avoid isolation, havotoovernment which would respect thebut are already laying the groundwork for attacking the new regime. Having now lost through Tarabronl's resignation tbe popular issue of resistance to Fascism, they may turn to demonstrating against suchas NATO bases In Italy.

PART II

NOTES AND COMMENTS

Page 12 of 21

Original document.

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