OAS AND UN ACTION ON CUBA; AND DEVELOPMENTS IN CUBA

Created: 7/21/1960

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uoanlaous vote In the Council of the Organization of Anerlcan States onulyeeting of foreign ministers to consider tbe "exigencies of th* international situation"general Latin American support of tho westernexclusive politicalIs the face of Khrushchev's ambiguous missile throat and Cuba's bypassing tbe OAS for the United Nations Security.

Both Venezuela and Cuba formally reserved theirposltloos on agenda and place of meeting, however, while Venezuela bad an additionalon timing. Diversity of Latin American opinion on the Csstro regime is revealed ln the failure to cite Cuba by name, and many governments are coo-strained to modify theirof the Cuban Government by the strength of pro-Castromovements within their countries.

The vote ln the UN Security Council onuly postponed consideration of Cuba'sagainst Washingtona report from tbe OAS. Jose Correa of Ecuador, president of the council, sharply warned the USSR, indirectly but olsarly, that the principle ofhas been "clothed with flesb sod blood" aad that Latin America will fight to preserve this principle. Correa'shad unusual Impact because over tho past year ho haatimesine at variance with Washington's,counter tofrom his.government.

Argentina, Colombia, and Peru, despite internal pro-Castro pressures, have boon willing to Initiate some aotlon on the Cuban problem. The Argentinelast May Invited Fidel Castro to bear Latin American ambassadors try to persuade him toward moderation. Hore. Argentina officially asked tho Castro regime to repudiate Sovietrequestendorsed by Ecuador.

Colombian President LlerasInfluenced by his tenure74 am secretary general of thorequested Colombian ambassadors in other Latin Americanto emphasise tbat Cubaemisphere, not anUS, problem and that Cuba's resort to tbe Unitedthreatened the loter-Aner-Ican system. Peru, whosePrado aspireslstorlo role Id world politics, drafted and presented the request for the OAS meeting.

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AND COMMENTS

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Influential Latin American governments aro taking softer stands on Cuba. In Brazil, after considerable debate wlth-ln the Foreign Ministry, the best that proponentstroag stand could achieve was anof Braell's intention to abide by its legal The conservative Chilean Government has been one of the most reluctant to agreeoreign ministers' meeting and bas strongly advockteoM athrough Latin American Uruguay, hampered by lodeclslveness in its olne-man bipartisan executive council, has remained silent as much as poo*Ibis.

In Venezuela, where pro-Castro forces are stronger than anywhere else outside Cuba, and in Mexico, whereindependence of tho United States Is aforeign policy goal, government figures have suggested that theBo countrloss nay support Cuba rather than tbe Unites States. Venezuelan dent himself is, however, known to be sharply of the Castro regime. The Central American generally advocate a

DEVELOPMENTS IN CUBA

Castro regime and the ComsuDlets continue to tighten their grip on Cuba. Tbe Castro-sponsored Latin American Youth Congress, scheduled to open onuly ln Cuba's Sierra Maestra mountains and later to move to Bavasa, is certain to bedominated. Designed to strengthen support for Castro in tb* other Latin American countries, the congress was first discussed at tholst-front World Youth- Festival' In Vienna last summer. Cubans have for months been traveling throughout Latin America, where, with the belp of local, they have stimulated tbe organization of delegations to the congress.

Although delegations to the congress are expected from most Latin American countries, tbe Peruvian APRA youth group and other antl-Communlat youth organizations, including Cath-ollo groups, have decided to boycott It. Representatives are also ea route from tbs Slno-Sovlet countries,including Berth Vietnam, and from Afro-Asian

countries, including aof Algerian robels. The congress is certale to be apropaganda effort.

elated development, Bavana University now has becomereature ofilitant pro-Castro minority seized control and ousted "counterrevolutionary" professors. Tberullog studentIs discussing theof professors from other Latin American countries. rogram would bo almostto end ln the establishmentro-Communist faculty.

The Communist press ia Cubaignificant boost onuly when, ln what is describedsimple but emotionalthe Communist dallyBoy was given tbeplant recently vacated by tbe official newspaperf July Movement, lev-olucion. which movedigger pTanl. Boy now will have amodern plant and preaum-ably will be able to Increase

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Tahiti i

IMMEDIATE INTEREST NOTES AND COMMENTS

CUB RE NT INTELLIGENCE WEEKLY REV IE"uly iw*>

circulation, presently0 on weekdays0 on Sundays,

Toe government's moves hare aroused protests froa several important groups, and Ambassador Bonsai believes tbst Soviet Premier Khrushchev'sof support for Cuba have been, Inerious bios to the Castro regime. They have, done store, be believes, than anything else to clear up doubts asoag Cubans as to the Communist orientation of the government.

The Catholic hierarchy in Cuba, which has thus farIn its public attitude toward the reglne, will probably be impelledtronger stand by the spontaneous antl-Couunlst demonstrations by Eavaaa churchgoers onnduly. Church leaders previously have admitted that theynly Halted influence with the Cuban people and thai nloss careful preparations aro made, coat Cubans vould support Castro in tbe eventbovdowahis and tbe church.

Divergent attitudes toward Castro by the large number of Spanish-born priests in Cuba and tbe native Cuban clergy have also thus far hindered church unity on the question. The government's use of force in suppressing tbenduly demonstrations will,tend to bring about astand. Ambassador Bonsai feels the recent incldente haveense atmosphere in Influential Catholic lay olr-cles and that serious roperous-slons may develop.

fldel Castro's reaction to the aDtl-Cotimuolst demonstrations by churchgoers was prompt and bitter. Indicating concern over evidence of church oppoeltlon to the government's growingand political ties with the bloc. He Interrupted his convalescence totrong public blast against theactivities" of "Falangist" priests, whom be accused of being responsible for the demonstrations-.

Tho Joint Soviet-Cubanafter RaulInterview vith Khrushchev In Moscow onuly seemsto define formallypresent relationship between the two countries. In the document, Khrushchev professed thesolidarity" of the Soviet peoplo with the people of Cuba and called the Cuban revolution and itscommon cause" for mil independent Be reiterated bis pledge that the "socla'Mst countries" can and will fully meet Cuba's -requirements in oil and other goods.

The assertion that theColon "would use every means to prevent US armed Intervention againstogether with the absence of any statementthe USSRpecific course of action in such an event, are probably aimed at assuaging the world-widewhichuly. This formalof Soviet support of Cuba, however, will probablym Cuban antl-Cnaau-

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