Created: 4/6/1961

OCR scan of the original document, errors are possible

USSR'8 initialto the Western proposals at the nuclear tost bansuggests that Moscow is still undecided as to its future course of action. After having previously indicated that awould be forthcoming after tbe Easter recess, chief Soviet delegate Tsarapklnpril limited his remarks to"in principle" of those Western concessions thatprevious Soviet positions. He stated that Sovietwere still studying other portions of the now Western plan. Although Tsarapklna more positive tone than he has used in his Informaloutside the conference, his statement represented no change ln existing Soviet

The Soviethe American andproposalsermanent ban on testing in outer space;he Western offer to permit Soviet technicians to inspect nuclear devices to be used in ooth the research program for improving detection methods and in explosions for peaceful purposes; andeto ovor the total budget.

Tsarapkln showed noon those aspects of the proposals where the West was not fully in accord with He maintained the Soviet position that there should be one-for-one parity in nuclear detonations for the peaceful uses program. He also stated that the USSR continuedeto over individual portions of the budget and

charged the West within agreeing to tbe right of an over-alleto on specific items. He concluded byhis acceptance as astep." On the following day Tsarapkln again pressed the Western delegations tothe conference'sln principle to the points accepted by the Soviet.

Although Tsarapkln failed to reiterate the Soviet proposalripartite administration of the control system, Forolgn Minister Gromyko toldMcCloy onarch that thissticking point" for the USSR and admitted that Moscoweto. Gromyko said that while Moscow woulderious study of the American proposals, he was not impressed thus far. As anhe stated that the USSR did not consider Westernin proposed control posts ln the USSR fromon Important gesture.

ubsequentwith an American officialpril, the head of the Polish UN delegation, whoin the McCloy-Gromyko talks, stated that he hadthe Impression from Gromyko afterward that tbe test

ban negotiations would beith no real progress until after the talks on general disarmament had started and shown some signs of advance. The Pole said he believes the USSR is not completely aware of tbe serious negativeailure at Geneva would have on the US attitude toward general disarmament.

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topril, the UShad been Inclined tothat the USSR wouldto have the West take any action in breaking off theand that the most likely Soviet tactic would be tothe negotiations. This would have the advantages for Moscow of prolonging theuncontrolled moratorium, of providing opportunities for underlyingi-vergences to eiacianture mounted in the US fortesting, and of giving the USSR some justification for refusing nuclear weapons to the Chinese Communists.

The delegation,that, ln view ofgeneralthe next Frenchbe usedoviet move to thethea test ban in itselfcontribute totoerger ofban with other There are nothat the.USSR intendsAmerican

are in-ureasuigiT Inclined to believe

that prospects foruick agreement on anbasis are not bright.

Soviet propagandaon the talks dropped off during the Easter recess. After their resumption, however, Pravda published the text of Tsarapkin's interview with CBS correspondent Schorr onarch in which the Soviettermed the main Western proposals unacceptable. In an interview with the East German news service onarch,described the Western concessions as "much ado about nothing."

Referring to the US offer of parity representation on the control commission, Tsarapkin said that consent to theof parity "was linked with so many conditions that ln practice very likely nothing will be left of it." He claimed that on all other essential points except those whichknown Soviet positions, the US was, "simply adhering to its old point of view, which is unacceptable to the Soviet Union." Tsarapkin also charged that continuation of Frenchwould directly endanger the the conference andreaty

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