Created: 4/11/1961

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Guatemalan President's Tactics Indirectly Benefit Communists

Ydigoras, now midway in his six-year terra, has survived almost constant plotting from both right and left by manipulation of his opponents--distributing graft and favors and maneuvering them into fighting among themselves. In so doing, he hasthe opposition Revolutionary partytrong, moderate leftist and anti-Communist party and the only political group with at least some degree of mass support. Ydigoras,radual economic upturn, iselatively strong domestic position at the present time.

The Communists, who probably regard the PR as their most potent adversary, are active in several competing leftist splinter parties at least partially fostered by Ydigoras. The weakening of the PR and its capable leader Mario Mendez Montenegro serves not only Ydigoras' principalinalso the Communist objective of regaining control of the strong andleftist-nationalist movement that formed the political base of the pro-Communist Arbenz regime. Ydigoras maintains that his legal powers to control Communist activities have recently been weakened by Congress' watering down of anti-subversive legislation he had submitted to it.

Former President Arbenz, now the honored guest of the Castro regime in Cuba, is reliably reported to maintain contact with his partisans in Guatemala, though he is generallyamong most non-Communist Guatemalans. Ydigoras is one of Castro's chief targets in Latin America. The Cuban


Complaint Against the US In the UN General Assembly

(The US delegation in New York reportedpril that it seemed likely that the Latin American states are prepared to vote against any Afro-Asian resolution on Cuba "which goes too far" and that these states in any event would consult with the United Slates before co-sponsoring or attempting to amend any milder resolution that may beWffiftaPa^ft*




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seems unlikely that any major Latin Americanwould co-sponsoresolution at this time. However, Brazilian President Quadros,emorandum to his acting foreign minister, stated that Brazil would consider on its.own merits any proposal presented In the UN on the US-Cuban

Ecuadorean President Velasco has vacillated on policyCuba, which Is openly backing Ecuador in its boundary dispute with Peru. The Cuban issue has led to sharp division between pro- and anti-Castro political groups in Ecuador and >rOYQked Chiriboga's threat to resign in early March.'

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