Created: 6/8/1961

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Gen. Pak Chong-hul, the architect of last month'soup In South Korea, appears to be moving cautiously to consolidate his control of the ruling Junta. He reportedly will become chairman of the seven-man Standing Committee that is likely to emerge as tbe focal point of power in themember Supreme Council for National Reconstructionak's intelligence chief, Lt. Col. Kim Chong-pll, has seized government dossiers containing information compromisingopponents, including SCNR chairman Lt. Gen. Chang To-yong.

ay the Supremeannounced that Chang hadas army chief of staff, defense minister, and martial law commarider but would continue as chairman of tho Supremeand chief of cabinet. The latter posts have little real power. Accordingell- -placed source, Chang wasbecause of his initial hesitation to support tbe coup,

tbe belief that the United States regarded himigure-bead, and the conviction among insurgent leadere that he was attempting to build up hispower by appointing his supporters to important posts.

The regime also announceday that retired Lt. Gen. Sin Ung-kyun, former viceof defense and onetimeto Turkey, and Lt. Gen. Kim Chong-o would succeed Chang

8 June 61

as defenee minister and amy chief of staff respectively. Both are regarded as generally competent. Prior approval was obtained from the UN commander for Kim's appointment.

The Supreme Councilune promulgated the law of Emergency Measures of National Reconstruction, which "legalizes" Its usurpation of power and In effect suspends these provisions of the present constitution dealing with civil rights and the ousted National Assembly. The regime reportedly isthe eventual adoptionew constitution providingtrong executive patterned on that of the French Fifth Republic.

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At the same time, spokesmen for the regime have Vigorously denounced public speculation on the timingeturn togovernment. The managing editor and one reporter of Tonga Ilbo. South Korea's largest and most respected newspaper, were summarily arrestedune for headlining President Yun Po-nun's "hopes for an early transfer of power" and implying that the Presidonteturn to civilian authority was desirable prior to the opening ofh UN General Assembly ln September. The Incident indicates thehypersensitivity to the timing of such action andfurther evidence that the Junta's limited relaxation of martial lav and censorship ls largely window dressing.

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