Sr. - rr B. VlesnSr
Special assistant to tbe rresldent for
Scleace end Technology Tte Sfalt* Bouse
Attached for yoar Informationrief eucnary ot tbe aircraft displayed by tbe Soviets atuly abo*. This suraaery tabes note of tbe continuing; Soviet research and ill illil efforts associated with tba Soviet air Force.
each aircraft heedingrief technical appreciationtatement of significanceee It.
therereat deal acre analysis to be done,ope you vlll aeotpt this euameryrovisional stataaant. Aotoarnphs are attached for yoar nee.
totoeraifcs * ^
ta sat Cent.
Hail A. UnUinpkws* be,C. Swa
Ttfteenear aircraft, each carrying on* alr-to-aurfa.ee missile, flaw la tha parade. Tba mlailla ia estimated to be the Cherubange. m.peed of. The Bear required cooetitrable structure! modification to take the missile, aad the bombing radarreplacedew type for nee with the missile. The modtfied aircraft cannot beomber. Radlue of the aircraft with the mlssUs .
About SO Bear aircraft are operational; however, not all hare been converted ai mlaeile carriers. Tbe appearance of Bearlealle tends to confirmhat tbeae aircraft are Intended for etand-off attack of heavily defended targets.
Fifteen Badgera each carrying one air-to-surface ml alie flew in tbe parade. Tbe mlaeile ia estimated to be the Truckle. auatl*shipping mlaeile. Tbe aircraft required considerable modification In order to take the missile. diua of the aircraft with the missue Is estimated to. m. Although tbe bombing radar was still on some of the Badgera, It doss net eeem likely that these aircraft could be used aa bombers.
All of the missile equipped Badgers are assigned to Naval aviation units which have been trained to attack ships at sea.
One aircraft Dew In the pende. re reft appears to be essentially tbe seme aa when first seen8 except that tbe inboard engines have afterburners. Basic engines are lnb. thrust class augmentedbs. thrust with afterburning. Although the aircraft la very Urge, ft appears to
Ski Coot. Io.
ubeonicf only. m. With Use preeentIne Installations the speed la moatnited to. With modified airad afterburners oa all eagtaes, the apaad could be oo the order ol$ange will continue tolimited.
In addition to tha Bounder displayed there la another
aircraft, partiallyambled on PU1 airfield, where Bounder ai built. Tbla saw aircraft la moatodification or variant of tha Bounder.
Tbe coot In aad efforts oo aircraft of thla typeontinued Interest of the Soviets In developing long range eupereoalc bombers.
Too aircraft Initially nicknamed Hull.hot by tha attache flaw la tho parade. These aircraft are, la fact, the Blinder which waa seen at Kaaan la Tola appeara toedium bomber with performance aim liar to the E- mi. Tho lead aircraftodified aoae and may ba equipped for refueling. Although the photo did not ahow theda of tho aircraft clearly, there appeared to ba an air-to- surface mtsalle under the fuselage.ill be required tooelllve determination. Thia aircraft appeara toaximum speed of MACH I. fl.ombat radiua of.n. supereonic
a estimated that the Blinder la lo production aad ia ante ring operational uee. ii la likely that aome will be aaalgned to Naval avlatioo.
5. BACK-FIN TYPE (FATEFUL) NEW
Two aircraft aim liar to Backfla, but appearing toompletely aew aircraft, flew la tbe parade. (Backfla waa first seenothing like It wasgain until1 Airhe se aircraft wore first mistaken for Blinder by the attache. These aircraft had what appeared to be air-to-air missiles or rockets and an AI radar. Thar* la also what appears toarge radoma under the fueelage. Thla appeara toong-range Interceptor. Itpaa ofength. There la aa yet no detailed
evaluation of performance lot this aircraft; however, It la estimated toaapability.
Although there baa been considerable speculation that tha -original Bsckftnong-range Interceptor, there waa bo information available to determine il this wae eo.
The belly re dome tends toapability to Intercept low flying aircraft.
Nine of thess aircraft flew in the perade. Thia appears to be completely new aircraft mors nearly like the Blowlamp thanight Twoormation of three had radomes which may house bombing radar. Engine inlets had spikes Indicating supersonic speed capability, possibly MACHr slightly better. This aircraft le considerably larger than Flashlightnd la believed toew general purpose aircraft with tactical, reconaetssencB and possibly fighter capabilities.
eplacement for the obsolete il-ight bomber failed to appear after the Blowlamp had been seen, we thought the Soviets would use modified fighter aircraft In the tactical role. The appearance of Firebar Indicates that they are still producing sir-craft specifically for tactical nses.
UNIDENTIFIED TIGHTER (FLIPPER) NEW
Three delta winged fighters flew across tba field, one of whichew type. This aircraft appeared to beonging span. Thereingle large el* inlet in tbe nose for the
two engines In the rear of the fuselage. Weight Isbs.
and armament consistedew air-to-air missiles. It Is likely
to perform la the MACHpeed range and have aa altitude
This aircraft has not been ssen before, but the largo radorns la tbe nose seems to fit it to the role of thall-weather fighter carried In our estimates for the past few years.
HPOT tj- -
ircraft ilaw In th* parade, Thia aircraft Is similar to thetahpot first seen6 except (or-center eplke Inlst. Tha aircraft ia estimated topeadaotaang*. with tho external tanks aaSoma of tbe aircraft carried two air-to-air missiles while othare carried four. Al gear appeared to be in the inlet apian,
Thle aircraft had been reported eeveraly travelers; however, this la the firet time observers haveood clear view. Thle aircraft is In operational use aad will giveuch better all weather capability.
WITH ASSIST TAKEOFF
A Flshbed with two rockets, one on each aide of tbe lower part of the fuselage took off from the graas airfield.
This Ie strictly an assist take-off type rocket inatallatloc.
(WITH LIQUID ROCKET BOOSTEB)
Aiquid rocket engine In addition to the turbo-- the airfield. Ignited both tbe afterburner and rocket, aad climbed verticallyery high rata.
Thle le very likely6 aircraft which has established an altitude recordeetpeed recordnotsilometer closed course. We believe this aircraft has very little military significance.
FLYING BOAT (KAIL) NEW
A new twin englned turboprop flying boat with MAD gear wae displayed. It le very similar to the old Madge but cleanedit and new engines Installed. Speed Is estimatednots.
There have been previous reports of this boat, but this is tbe first sighting. This appesre toair ASW aircraft.
ET FLYING BOAT (MANDRAKE) NflW
Four twin Jet flying boata about the same sine aa theboat, but without tha MAD gaar. waa diewin jet firing boat modal labeled theaa ehown at tbe Brueeele Fair; however, lt ia likely that thiaore advanced deakgn.
Thla aircraft Is probably la operation. Ii ia moateconnaissance type.
IS. ET TRAINER
Tbeet trainer was displayed for the first time,as announced, aad plcturee printed, la the Soviet Press1 after Itew altitude record for').
This aircraft will partially replace the Yak- IB la the Soviet Air Force and Doeaf.
Thlaamov design, aad has been observsd occasionally for several years In partial assembled state on Lyubertsy Airfield et the south edge of Moscow. This ie the firstas seen hi flight. Maneuverability appeared excellent. Tale Is the first known Soviet VTOL effort and according to Kamov further development wUl be required before an operational vers loo Ie attained.
CRANE HELICOPTER (HARK) NEW
Thla appeara toodification of theook. Tho fuselage has been slimmed downongheel landing gear installed. Thia waa mentioned ia tbe Soviet Press Just prior to the ahow and first seen at tbe ahowmall house.
1*. SECOND TURBINE POWERED HELICOPTER [HIP) NEW
This vehicle was not known before the ahow. It Is similar to theHook) in appearance, but smaller than Hook aad largertheHound),ad aeroflot markings.
17. THIRD TURBINE POWERED HELICOPTER (HARP) NEW
Tail helicoptereJeo unknown prior to the) air ahow. It ie believed toamov design. af Igor atieea la similar to tho Ka- II with eo-aaialotating blades and triple tail. Siae Ie comparable to theound, inie reeling featurea are gua armament forwardocket mounted on each aide. It as reportedly assigned to Naval aviation.
Nipolev'e moat recent commercial typewin Jot trane-port aimilar Co configuration to the older Camelut amaller. carryingirst classourist class passeagers. It was reported by tbe Soviets to bave turbofan engine a. This aircraft waa first announced In the Soviet Press in0 and shown for the first time In the air show. It is Intended for service on feeder lines.
Antonov'e latest designwin turboprop transport very similar to theill carryoassengers on routss up. m. This aircraft waa first announced In the Soviet Press in0 and shown for the flrat time la tha airhow. Like thehlo aircraft will be used oa feeder lines.