Current Intelligence Weekly Summary
APPROVIO FOR REIUStDD
central intelligence agency
OFFICE OF CURRENT INTELLIGENCE
INTELLIGENCE WEEKLY SUMMARY
Tshombe continues tocoaipllancs with ths Kltona agreement and to disparage the DS and DM, vhlch be claims mere responsible for "forcing" his agreement. He hasthat, mhlle he ls demonstrating his "good will" by dispatching his deputies to Leopoldville, Ambassador GUlllon ls encouraging renewed UNaction. Tshombe's main objective apparently ls toesumption of UK military action.
He has rejected as "illegal" Kasavubu's call for tho Katanga Assembly to meet at Knminaof Ellsabethvllle. Jason Sendee, leader of the antl-Tshombe Balubakat party deputies, the other main Katanga bloc, says his deputies will not go to Blisabathvllle. anuary session of the Katanga Assembly was adjourned after onlyf theeputies appeared. Another session was scheduled for 4his"defenso perimeter." settler sources believe that ronewod hostilities are inevitable and predict widespread chaos and destruction,fighting between pro- and ontl-Tshombe tribes and between whites and blacks.
Tho UN Secretariat'sintention not tonow military action against Tshombeonth (froaecembor) presumably still holds. Local UN military of-flciala ln Katanga reportedly believe that Tshombe willto stall unless hiapotential is destroyed.
Union Miniere officials continue to claim they are pressing Tnhombe to accept the Kltona agreement.
'over, do not have great confidence that the company will "put the heat on" Tshombe or even keop its employees ln Ellsabethvllle in line.
companyay retaliate againstInterests and personnel
if economic pressure ls ap-Iliad,
COBRENT INTELLIGENCE WEEKLY SUMMARY
by Tshombe of ihe Kitona agreement. This may heign of flexibility and conciliationeflection of Adoula's desperation to get something from Tshombe hs can claimictory. Adoula must avoid any concessions to Tshombe which would lay his open to extremist charges of having sold out to tbe Katangan leader. Adoula'sover his oft-statedto oust Gizenga is *of tha continuingpressures on him.
Adoula did move this week against "King" Albert Kaloojl. an essentially rightistwhose influence is limited to South Kasal. The move against Kalonjl was intended toorerunnerarliamentary censure of Gizenga, accompanied by Gizenga's ouster from tbe government. At lastreliminary motion had been passed by both houses of the parliament demanding Gizenga's returo to e Horra1 motion of censurcmay be
Olzonga himself has sought to parry an ouster move. While It ls not yet clear if ho ls taking seriously the advice of the Soviet Union and some of the radical African states that he return to Leopoldvllle, he wrote Adoula In mid-December denying that he had broken wltb tbegovernment and asking Adoula to let him know what he wanted to do. He complained that Adoula had Ignored him, but that be was sincerelyfor tho country" whether he was ln Leopoldvllle or not.
Adoula saya be ls about tomaller, more loyal and efficient government In which he would drop Gizenga butnationalist"by keeping Lumumblst party leader Chrlstophe Gbenye. Adoula may await the outcome of an Internal political struggle for control of the Parti SolIdaire Afrlcaln (PSA) In Leopoldvllle Province between Cleophas Kamltatu, Leopoldvllle provincial president, and Gizenga, who ia president of the party. Kamltatu thinks the censure motion will split the PSA, but he says he Intends to break publicly with Gizenga
there Is mutua. plclon between the "moderates" and the "extremists" ln the Adoula government, with each sido convinced the other is out to "wipe them out.'* Adoula, who bowed to extremist demands for tbe re-establishment of diplomatic relations with the Soviet bloc, has now fallen short of his promise to accept the Soviet offer of floodsupplies only if they were funneled through the United
At UN insistence, however, the supplies will be handled by the World Healthwhich lm under UN control, and Soviet medical personnel will not be allowed to gothe Leopoldvllle area. The supplies coming via Cairo have been held up at Khartoum by the Sudanese Government pending receipt from tbe ONlearance to proceed.
5 Jan5 of 24Original document.